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首页 [李开复]21种演讲技巧

[李开复]21种演讲技巧.ppt

[李开复]21种演讲技巧

恒惠
2009-10-26 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《[李开复]21种演讲技巧ppt》,可适用于工作范文领域

SecretstoBecomingAGoodSpeakerSecretstoBecomingAGoodSpeakerKaiFuLeeManagingDirectorMicrosoftResearch,ChinaWePresentEveryDay!WePresentEveryDay!Notjustconferencetalks…ProductgroupmeetingsBillGTABmeetingsPreambletoademoConvinceaproductgrouptobeinterestedPresentpatenttoalawyerPresentagroupresultatoffsite“Elevator”talksButI’mnotgoodatit…ButI’mnotgoodatit…PresentationskillscanbeacquiredExamples:BillGatesKaiFuLeeWhatYou’llLearnToday:WhatYou’llLearnToday:CommunicationskillsPreparingtheTalkDeliveringtheTalkHandlingQAsecretstobecomingagoodspeakerWhatisCommunicationSkillsWhatisCommunicationSkillsVerbal(wordsspoken)Vocal(tone,range,appeal,credibilityofvoice)Visual(physicalappearance,clothing,gestures,eyecontact)TheImportanceofCommunicationSkillsTheImportanceofCommunicationSkills“Withouteffectivedelivery,aspeechofthehighestmentalcapacitycanbeheldinnoesteemWitheffectivedelivery,evenonewithmoderateabilitiesmaysurpassthoseofthehighesttalent”Cicero“Themanwhocanthinkanddoesnotknowhowtoexpresswhathethinksisatthelevelofhimwhocannotthink”PericlesCommunicationSkills=FakeCommunicationSkills=FakeMostimportantfactorisPASSION!Ifyou’repassionate,yourvocalvisualskillswillcomenaturallyPassioncouldcomefromsubject,experience,orenvironment“Thereisjustonesurecureforbadspeeches–Gettrulyexcitedonthesubject,andpercentofthefaultsofyourspeakingwilldisappear”RobertMontgomeryButthereareskillstobelearnedLikereading,writing,typing…Mustlearnthis,ifyouwantyourworktobeunderstood!VerbalSkillsVerbalSkillsBesimpleandclear!Don’trambleStoptothinkifyouneedtoExampleone:DanQuaylecelebratesdemocracy:Exampletwo:DanQuayletryingtosay“Amindisaterriblethingtowaste”VerbalSkillsVerbalSkillsSpeakingisnotlikewriting!!!UsesimplewordsDon’tusecomplexsentencesCanyouunderstandthis:Don’tuseambiguouswordsinspeechVocalSkillsVocalSkillsProjectresonateyourvoiceNo“UM”sand“ER”s(Pauseinstead)Silenceisatool(Todrawattention)VocalSkillsVocalSkillsPlayyourvoicewithpitchandtempoToamplifyapoint,slowdown,speakloudly,exaggerateinotation,pauseintherightplaces“YouarerightIamwrong”–StalintoTrotsky“Asknotwhatyourcountrycandoforyouaskwhatyoucandoforyourcountry”JohnFKennedyBADEXAMPLE:“Iwelcomethiskindofexamination,becausepeoplehavetoknowwhethertheirpresidentisacrookWell,I’mnotacrook”RichardMNixonDon’tuseiteverywhere!VocalSkills:SamemessagemanywaystodeiverVocalSkills:SamemessagemanywaystodeiverJohnKennedy:“Youneedtocontributetoyourcountry”’“Asknotwhatyourcountrycandoforyouaskwhatyoucandoforyourcountry”QuaylevsBensonDebate:Quayle:"IhaveasmuchexperienceintheCongressasJackKennedydidwhenhesoughtthepresidency"Answer:“JackKennedyisbetterthanyou”Answer:"Senator,IservedwithJackKennedyIknewJackKennedyJackKennedywasafriendofmineSenator,you'renoJackKennedy“VocalSkills:EnthusiasmVocalSkills:EnthusiasmPassionEnthusiasm!Ifyou’renotpassionate,whyshouldwecareExample:MartinLutherKingIhaveadreamThatonedayThisnationwillriseupLiveuptothetruemeaningtoitscreed:WeholdthesetruthstobeselfevidentThatallmenarecreatedequalVisualSkillsVisualSkillsVisualSkills–THEmostimportantAppeartrustworthyrespectfulUSElectionwaswononvisualskillsComponentsofVisualSkillsEyesBodyHandsFaceVisualSkills–EyesVisualSkills–EyesLookforwardataudience(trust)Don’tshifteyeballsdon’tlookincornerDon’tlooktoomuchatcomputerscreenoryournotesLookatpeople’sfaces(noteyes)secondsperpersonShiftrandomlyNod,smile,usefacialexpressionVisualSkills–BodyVisualSkills–BodyStandupwhentalkingWalkaround=informalDon’t:Rock,shake,leantoomuchVisualSkills–HandsVisualSkills–HandsGesturecomplementstalkShouldcomenaturally,withoutthinkingMakesuretheymatch!NeedtoexaggeratealittleEspeciallywithlargeaudienceDon’tfidgetorputinpocketVideotapewholetalkwatchVisualSkills–FaceVisualSkills–FaceShowemotion!Mostofthetime:“Icarealotaboutthis”“Ireallybelieveinthis”“Ilovemywork”Sometimes(inresponsetoquestions)“ThisisthemostoutrageousthingI’veeverheard”“Iwillhavenothingtodowiththis”WhatYou’llLearnToday:WhatYou’llLearnToday:CommunicationskillsPreparingtheTalkDeliveringtheTalkHandlingQAsecretstobecomingagoodspeakerPreparingtheTalkPreparingtheTalkAlwaysOVERPREPARE!!!!!Preparationincludes:ResearchingthebackgroundOrganizingthetalkWritingtheslidesRehearsingthetalkLastminutethings…ResearchingtheBackgroundResearchingtheBackgroundWhenyou’reinvited,findout:HowlongisthetalkWhat’sthetopic(Saynoifyoudon’tcareaboutthetopic)Who’stheaudienceOnceyousayyes,youareCOMMITTEDtodoagreatjobOrganizingtheTalkOrganizingtheTalkYou’rethesalesmanFirstlessonforsalesmen:“Tellthemwhatyou’regoingtosaySayitTellthemwhatyousaid”Verysimilartoyourpaper!TheCentralMessage(it)TheCentralMessage(it)PeoplewillnotremembereverythingHaveONEclearwalkawaymessageWhatdoyouwantpeopletorememberinmonthsTheanswertothequestion:“Howwasthetalk”Repeatit!TheOpeningTheOpeningSaysomethingprovoking!Givea(veryshort)outlineoverviewTheSubstanceTheSubstanceLogicalConvincingHelpthemrememberthemessage!AnticipatedoubtsremovethemSmoothtransitionsDon’tlosetheaudienceOKtoreorderthesubtopicsKeeprepeatingthemessage!TheEndingTheEndingEndwithaBANG!RepeatthemessageSaythankyouWritingtheVisuals(PowerPoint)WritingtheVisuals(PowerPoint)Prepation(time)Firstprepareoutline(recommend:Word)Thenmodifyoutlinefor:Logiconvincing,flow,transitions…ActualSlideWriting(time)ShouldcomealmostdirectlyfromtheoutlineUseofVisuals(PowerPoint)UseofVisuals(PowerPoint)VisualsonlysupportyourtalkSpendmoretimeonyourtalk!Simpleandclearideasubconcepts<=linesReadable–BigcolorcoordinatedDon’treadfromtheslides!WhatifTalkisComplexWhatifTalkisComplexDon’tlosepeopleUsegrayedoutoutlineIfideaiscomplex:Tryreallyhardtoavoidcomplexslides,but…Ifyoumustuseit,uselayers(preventreadaheadlackoffocus)RemembertochangeslidesforprintingExample…Ifyoumustusecomplexlayers…agoodexampleIfyoumustusecomplexlayers…agoodexampleClientsUseofDemosMultimediaUseofDemosMultimediaKeepsthetalkinterestingDon’toverdoitShouldbetiedtocontentOrdering:,N,N,N,…,RehearsingYourTalkRehearsingYourTalkRecordlistentoeverytalkatleasttwice!Record:Best:PowerPointfeaturesOK:TaperecorderMustdosometime:VideoAskexperiencedspeakertocritiqueImprove:Style,logic,timingperslideGettheTimingRight!GettheTimingRight!RunningoutoftimeisadisasterWritehowmuchtimeshouldremainoneachslideAfteryou’remoreexperienced…Afteryou’remoreexperienced…NolongernecessarytorecordEverynewtalkstillmustberehearsedBringnotesifyouaren’tconfidentJustBeforetheTalk…JustBeforetheTalk…PreparesomethingmatchingtheoccasionMakesureyou’renottootired:GetenoughsleepthepreviousnightDrinkcupsofcoffee!WhatYou’llLearnToday:WhatYou’llLearnToday:CommunicationskillsPreparingtheTalkDeliveringtheTalkHandlingQAsecretstobecomingagoodspeakerDeliveringtheTalkDeliveringtheTalkOvercominglanguagebarrierOvercomingnervousnessArtofGoodOpeningendingHumorAudienceparticipationOvercomingLanguageBarrierOvercomingLanguageBarrierPerfectEnglishnotnecessaryKnowyourlimitationsDon’tusefancywords,complexsentencesDon’ttakeanychanceoflookingsillyOKtobringcheatnotes!OutlineScriptOutlineScriptAlwaysmakeanoutlinePowerPointnotesWordOutlineDon’thavetouseitItmaybebesttoREADaspeechNoexcusenottobefluent!(practice!)Don’tstareatpaper(Memorizeitifyou’reprefer)OvercomingNervousnessOvercomingNervousness“Dothethingyoufearandthedeathoffeariscertain”RalphWaldoEmersonHidingNervousnessHidingNervousnessItispossibletohidenervousness!Don’tlettheshakingshow!MakeafistholdthelecternSpeakloudlyTakeadeepbreathLookatafriendlyfaceLookabovepeople’sheadsArtofGoodOpeningEndingArtofGoodOpeningEndingOpeningSaysomethingrelevanttotheoccasionNeedtoresearchbackgroundbeforethetalkEnding“Ifyourememberonlyonethingfromthistalk,thenyoushouldrememberXXX”HumorHumorGoodhumor:RespectfulRelevant(betteryet:original)ShortPlanyourjokes:RememberwhatworkedUseitagain!HumorHumorHowtotellajokeSetup(peopleshouldknowajokeiscomingup)Pauseafterclimax(punchline)Moveonnaturallyifnoreaction!AudienceParticipationAudienceParticipationBestwayforpeopletoremember!AskaudienceaquestionAnticipatetheiranswer(s)!RespondwithsomethinginterestingANDrelevantBeYourselfBeYourselfLearntheskillsdon’tcopythestylesYoumustbeyourselftobecredibleManystylescouldbeeffective:BillGates–BrillianttechnologistSteveBallmer–PowerfulsalesmanSteveJobs–PassionateevangelistWhatYou’llLearnToday:WhatYou’llLearnToday:CommunicationskillsPreparingtheTalkDeliveringtheTalkHandlingQAsecretstobecomingagoodspeakerQAQAQAisyourchanceto:AmplifyyourpointsIncreaseyourcredibilityDealingwithQuestionsDealingwithQuestionsEasyQuestionsAmplifyyourpoints!HardQuestionsNoneedtoanswerdirectlyButdon’thide!NarrowQuestionsTakeofflineQA–GivingAGoodAnswerQA–GivingAGoodAnswerRespectthelistenerRightbodylanguageRepeatthequestionCompleteifpeoplecannothearParaphrasetohelpamplifyyourpointIfpeoplearetooshy,youstart!Don’targueordismissaquestionSecretsSecrets#AnybodycanlearntogiveagoodtalkSecretsSecrets#Don’tgiveatalkunlessyou’repassionateSecretsSecrets#UsesimpleandclearwordsSecretsSecrets#PlayyourvoicetofocusonkeypointsSecretsSecrets#SilenceisagreattoolSecretsSecrets#OverprepareeverytalkSecretsSecrets#Tellthemwhatyou’regoingtosaySayitTellthemwhatyousaidSecretsSecrets#HaveONEclearcentralmessagefor:thequestion“Howwasthetalk”SecretsSecrets#OpenyourtalkwithsomethingthoughtprovokingSecretsSecrets#SlidesshouldbesimpleclearSecretsSecrets#Don’treadfromyourslidesSecretsSecrets#OrderyourdemosSecretsSecrets#Rehearselistentoeachtalkatleasttwice!SecretsSecrets#TimeyourtalkoneveryslideSecretsSecrets#ItmaybeOKtoreadfromascriptSecretsSecrets#Stayawake!DrinkcupsofcoffeebeforeyourtalkSecretsSecrets#ItispossibletohidenervousnessSecretsSecrets#TailoryouropeningremarkstotheoccasionSecretsSecrets#“Ifyouonlyrememberonethingfromthistalk,youshouldrememberXXX”SecretsSecrets#HumorInteractivitymustberelevantandwellplannedSecretsSecrets#QAcanhelpyoumorethantheaudienceConclusionConclusionGivingatalkiseasyItjusttakes:AlittlepassionAlotofpractice!

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