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首页 *新书上架*佩里·安德森:无情的劳动史

*新书上架*佩里·安德森:无情的劳动史.pdf

*新书上架*佩里·安德森:无情的劳动史

九月虺
2009-10-21 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《*新书上架*佩里·安德森:无情的劳动史pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

PerryAndersonCulturalPoliticsAseriesfromtheSocialTextCollectiveAimedatabroadinterdisciplinaryaudience,thesevolumesseektointerveneindebatesaboutthepoliticaldirectionofcurrenttheoryandpracticebycombiningcontemporaryanalysiswithamoretraditionalsenseofhistoricalandsocioeconomicevaluationPerryAnderson:TheMercilessLaboratoryofHistoryGregoryElliottCosmopolitics:ThinkingandFeelingbeyondtheNationPhengCheahandBruceRobbins,editorsChangingLife:Genomes,Ecologies,Bodies,CommoditiesPeterJTaylor,SaulEHalfon,andPaulNEdwards,editorsWillTeachforFood:AcademicLaborinCrisisGaryNelson,editorDangerousLiaisons:Gender,Nation,andPostcolonialPerspectivesAnneMcClintock,AamirMufti,andEllaShohat,editorsSpectaclesofRealism:Gender,Body,GenreMargaretCohenandChristopherPrendergast,editorsCulturalMaterialism:OnRaymondWilliamsChristopherPrendergast,editorSocialistEnsembles:TheaterandStateinCubaandNicaraguaRandyMartinTheAdministrationofAesthetics:Censorship,PoliticalCriticism,andthePublicSphereRichardBurt,editorFearofaQueerPlanet:QueerPoliticsandSocialTheoryMichaelWarner,editorThePhantomPublicSphereBruceRobbins,editorOnEdge:TheCrisisofContemporaryLatinAmericanCultureGeorgeYudice,JeanFranco,andJuanFlores,editorsTechnocultureConstancePenleyandAndrewRoss,editorsIntellectuals:Aesthetics,Politics,AcademicsBruceRobbins,editorUniversalAbandonThePoliticsofPostmodernismAndrewRoss,editorGregoryElliottPerryAndersonTheMercilessLaboratoryofHistoryACulturalPoliticsBookfortheSocialTextCollectiveCulturalPoliticsVolumeUniversityofMinnesotaPressMinneapolis*•LondonmThepublicationofthisbookwasassistedbyabequestfromJosiahHChasetohonorhisparents,EllenRankinChaseandJosiahHookChase,MinnesotaterritorialpioneersExtractsfromthisbookoriginallyappearedas"OlympusMislaidThePatienceofPerryAnderson,"inRadicalPhilosophy,no(MayJune,pp),andareviewarticleontheNewLeft,inRadicalPhilosophy,no(autumn,pp)CopyrightbytheRegentsoftheUniversityofMinnesotaAllrightsreservedNopartofthispublicationmaybereproduced,storedinaretrievalsystem,ortransmitted,inanyformorbyanymeans,electronic,mechanical,photocopying,recording,orotherwise,withoutthepriorwrittenpermissionofthepublisherPublishedbytheUniversityofMinnesotaPressThirdAvenueSouth,SuiteMinneapolis,MNhttp:wwwupressumneduPrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmericaonacidfreepaperLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataElliott,GregoryPerryAnderson:themercilesslaboratoryofhistoryGregoryElliottpcm(Culturalpoliticsv)IncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexISBN(HCj:alkpaper)Anderson,PerrySocialistsGreatBritainBiographyIntellectualsGreatBritainBiographyITitleIISeries:Culturalpolitics(Minneapolis,Minn)vHXAE'dcBTheUniversityofMinnesotaisanequalopportunityeducatorandemployerForNeilBeltonandMichaelSprinkerThispageintentionallyleftblankDeutscher'sworkcontinuestorepresentanirreplaceablesourceforthecultureandpoliticsofsocialismThereasonslieintheeminentcombinationofitsqualitiesFirstofall,perhaps,theserenepoliticalfortitudewithwhichDeutschermetthecontingenciesofhisownperiodhisunshakeablefidelitytotheidealsofMarxandEngels,amidstsomanyconflagrationsinwhichoneedificeoftheLeftafteranotherburntdown,orhadtoberebuiltThatfortitudewastheproductofhisabsoluteindependenceofthoughtthecompletefreedomofhispersonandoutlookfromthosefashionsandphobiaswhichhavetypicallyswayedtheconformistintelligentsiasoftheWestinonedirectionafteranothersuccessivelyStalinistorMaoist,structuralistorpoststructuralist,apostlesoftheNewWbrkingClassortheNewSocialMovements,eurocommunismoreurosocialismButthisspiritualindependencewastheveryoppositeofsectarianorpharisaicalisolationsereneolympian,visionaryiconoclast,shrewdpoliticianHehadanelementofeachinhisownmakeupAsocialistmovementwillonlyflourishifitcanencompassalloftheidealstheyrepresent*PerryAnderson,prefacetoIsaacDeutscher,Marxism,Wars,andRevolutions()ThispageintentionallyleftblankContentsXIPrefaceXIXAcknowledgementsXXIAbbreviationsDemarcationsMissedRendezvousAgainsttheHistoricalCurrentTheVerdictoftheWorldConclusion:TheFigureintheMirrorNotesSelectBibliographyIndexThispageintentionallyleftblankPrefaceLongtimeeditoroftheNewLeftReviewandcofounderofNewLeftBooksdiagnosticianofEnglishexceptionalismandhistorianofEnglishAbsolutismsometimeinterlocutorofTrotskyismandmonitorofWesternMarxismtoday,contributortotheLondonReviewofBooksandprofessorofhistoryattheUniversityofCaliforniaPerryAndersonenjoysasaliencewithinAnglophoneMarxistculturethatisgenerallyacknowledgedWritingin,beforethedeathsofEdwardThompsonandRalphMiliband,andevenastheproductivityofChristopherHillandEricHobsbawmshowednosignofflagging,TerryEagletoncouldnominatehim'Britain'smostbrilliantMarxistintellectual'Whateverourestimateofthatverdict,amorerecentclaimtotheeffectthatAndersonis'oneoftheforemostcontemporaryMarxistthinkers'wouldcommandcommonconsentYethisisacareerthatremainscuriouslyunderexploredAvarietyofreasonsmightbeadducedforthisNotleastofthemisthedeterrencetodetailedscrutinyaffordedbytheworkofapolyglotpolymathconversantwithatleastsevenoreightlivinglanguages(nottomentiontwodeadones),andpossessedofthe'olympianuniversalism'hehasattributedtothefoundersofhistoricalmaterialismInanageofspecialists,AndersonisageneralistbutquitethereverseofanamateurIf,asonesardoniccriticwouldhaveit,hehasproduced'asynopticoeuvrestretchingfromBCtolastweek',itisatributetothequalityofthisoeuvrethatitshouldhavecommandedtherespectfulattentionoftherelevantauthorities(whetheronBCorlastweek)Olympian,insubstanceandstylealike,Andersonunquestionablyis(thesuperlativehasbecomeacommentator'scliche)and,asdeGaulleonceremarked,'asummitisnotacrowdedplace'Compoundinginhibitionsofintellectualcompetence,anysurveyofAnderson'scareerfacesformidableobstaclesofevidenceandmethodForastart,itrisksblatantprematurityWhyshouldAnderson,stillshortofsixty,notemulateEHCarr,thevastbulkofwhoseHistoryofSovietRussiaappearedafterhehadenteredhisseventhdecadeorperhapsmoregermanely,pendingresumptionofthehistoryprojectlaunchedwithPassagesfromAntiquitytoFeudalisminandexpansionofTheEndsofHistoryannouncedbyVersoinHobsbawm,whohasconcludedhistrilogyoncapitalistmodernity,andrendereditaquartet,sincereachingtheageofseventyXIPREFACEAsifthistheincompletionofAnderson'sexotericoeuvrewerenotenough,lestitindulgethefetishofthesignature,anycomprehensiveaccountwouldhavetotraceother,quasiesotericdimensionsofhiswork,intheirintricatecombinationThesemightbaldlybeitemizedthus:()theoveralleditorialevolutionoftheNewLeftReview(NLR),whichAndersoneditedfromforsometwentyyearsandinwhosecouncilsheappearstohavebeenfirstamongequalsthereafter()anonymousorpseudonymousmaterialcontributedbyhimtotheNLR()unpublishedmanuscriptssomeofthembooklength()theprogrammeoftheNLR'simprint(NewLeftBooks,subsequentlyVerso)fromitsinceptionin,andassociatedpublishingventureswithFontanaandPenguinand,finally,()relatedpoliticalandculturalactivities(in,say,thestudentmovementinthelates,ortheSocialistSocietyintheearlys)Discriminatingwherenecessary,andpossible,betweenAnderson'sindividualandtheNLR'sinstitutionalpositions,thetotalitywouldrequirepropercontextualizationintellectualandpolitical,internationalaswellasnationalThereleaseinspringoftwosubstantialcollectionsofAnderson'sessaysEnglishQuestionsandAZoneofEngagementsignallinga'turningpoint'inhispoliticointellectualdevelopment,offersanopportunityforsomethingconsiderablylessambitiousbuthopefullynotdevoidofallvalue:anelementaryreconstructionofthatdevelopmenttodateForwhileneithervolumeaffectscompleteness,eachpossiblyobscuresasmuchasitilluminatesaboutitsauthor'sevolutionsincehisdebutinIntheforewordtoAZoneofEngagement,Andersonnotesthecontrastbetweenitsfirstthreechapters,classifiedas'intramuralsurveyswithintheintellectualworldoftherevolutionaryLeft',andtheremainder,culminatinginalongessayonFrancisFukuyamathatextractsarationalkernelfromthemysticalshellofhisphilosophyofmodernhistoryAnderson'sdawningscepticismabouttherevolutionaryMarxisttradition,fromthemids,attachedtobothitsanalyticalresourcesanditspoliticalpurchaseHistoricalmaterialismhadcomeunderchallengeasa'theoryofhistoricaldevelopment'fromtheAngloWeberianschoolofGellnerandGiddens,RuncimanandMannrevolutionarysocialismhadbeendiscountenancedbythe'societalascendancyoftheWest',certifiedbytheimplosionofGorbacheviteperestroikaintheEastSymptomsofanalteredstancewereregisteredinthereceptionofAnderson'sselectedessaysAdecadeearlier,AlexCallinicoshaddetectedanAmericanization'oftheNLR,observingthat'onceitstraddledtheChannelinanattempttosaveusfromBritishparochialismnowithoverssomewhereinmidAtlanticinOlympiansolitude',andhehadcomparedXIIPREFACEAndersontoPlekhanovEightyearslater,criticswerepromptedtoponderwhetherAndersonwasstillaMarxistorsocialistofanyspecies,nevermindarevolutionaryone,andtosuspecttheemergenceofadeuteroAndersononealigninghimselfwiththeAngloAmericanacademywhilepursuing,viatheEuropeanCommission,'akindofsocialdemocraticLeninism'Where,somewondered,didthepartisanofLeninandTrotsky,thescourgeofacademicismandEurocommunism,nowstandHadAndersonembarkeduponthe'smuggler'sroadtosocialism'reportedlydecriedbyhiminthesTrotskywroteofLeninthathe'thoughtintermsofepochsandcontinents,whereasChurchillthinksintermsofparliamentaryfireworksandfeuilletons'SomethingsimilarmightbesaidofAnderson(especiallysince,intheinterval,adayinpoliticshasbecomealongtime,thelatestopinionpollahistoricevent)Inconsequence,Andersonhasalwaystakenthelongview,playedthelonggame,exhibitingthe'abilitytowait'enjoinedbyTrotsky,inoppositiontoreformistpragmatismorrevolutionarymessianismIndeed,itmaybethatpartoftheattractionforAndersonofacertainformofTrotskyismpreciselylayinitsrepresenting,asSartreputitindebatewithErnestMandelinthes,'awaitingart'Whatever,inhiscasethatartwasinvariablyattunedtoanineluctablerealitystatedwithtypicalbluntnessbyaprofessedmemberoftheBritishOldLeftin:'Beingarevolutionaryincountriessuchasoursjusthappenstobedifficult'NotwithstandingthesignificantdiscontinuitiesotherturningpointsbywhichAnderson'scareerhasbeenpunctuated,thereareequallyprofoundcontinuities,disclosedbyrecurrenthistoricopoliticalthemesandpatternsofresponseErstwhileCastroitesympathizer,Andersonappreciatedthen,andrespectsstill,thespiritmotivatingtheHavanaDeclarationof:TheroleofJobdoesnotbehovearevolutionary'Today,however,'amidstsomanyconflagrationsinwhichoneedificeoftheLeftafteranotherhasburntdown'inhisowntime,thoseofGuevarismandMaoism,EurocommunismandEurosocialism,Trotskyismand'actuallyexistingsocialism'itmightseemasifAndersonhasheededaversionofthecounselgiventodisabusedCommunistsbyDeutscherinInareviewofTheGodThatFailed,inwhichhecommendedthetrioofqualitiesinvokedbyAndersoninthepassagethatservesasmyepigraph,Deutscherwrote:ItseemsthattheonlydignifiedattitudetheexcommunistcantakeistoriseaudessusdelameleeThisisnottosaythattheexcommunistshouldretireintotheivorytower(Hiscontemptfortheivorytowerlingersinhimfromhispast)ButhemaywithdrawintoawatchtowerinsteadTowatchwithdetachmentandalertnessthisheavingchaosofaworld,tobeonXIIIPREFACEasharpoutlookforwhatisgoingtoemergefromit,andtointerpretitsineiraetstudioInterpretedthus,theauthorofEnglishQuestionsandAZoneofEngagementwouldappearlessadeuterothanaDeutscheroAnderson,chastenedbyhisownpreviousillusionsinvarietiesofThirdWorldism',thepotentialfordemocraticregenerationoftheSecondWorld,andtheseasonablenessofrevolutionarysocialismintheFirstButinonesenseAndersonhasnotwithdrawntothewatchtower(thoughhemaynowinhabitanivoryone)ForunlikeDeutscherwhowasTrotsky'sprewarcollaboratorbeforeturninghispostwarbiographerhehasbeenstationedthereallalongDespiteyouthfulimpetuousnessandoccasionalintemperance,thehistoricalperspectivesofPerryAndersonhavebeenprimarilysecular,synchronized,ifnotwiththelonguedureeassuch,thenwithwhathehimselfhascalled'longerdurees'Underlyinganinconsistencyoforientation,inducedbytheshiftingimperativesofsuccessiveconjuncturesinwhichasharpoutlookforthe'weakestlink'hasbeenaconsistentfeatureofAnderson'spolitics,isasettledattentisme,ultimatelydistancedfromthecontingenciesandvagariesoftheimmediateAndersonwouldneversubscribetoFernandBraudel'sprovocationthat'eventsaredust'Nor,however,wouldheconsiderahalfcenturyinpoliticsalongtimeInapassagecomposedadecadebeforeBraudelcoinedhisslogan,andwhichAndersonhascitedapprovingly,Trotskymaintained:Twentyfiveyearsinthescalesofhistory,whenitisaquestionofprofoundestchangesineconomicandculturalsystems,weighlessthananhourinthelifeofmanWhatgoodistheindividualwho,becauseofempiricalfailuresinthecourseofanhouroraday,renouncesagoalthathesetforhimselfonthebasisoftheexperienceandanalysisofhisentirepreviouslifetimeAlmostsixtyyearson,andafewhoursintothatlifetime,Anderson'sdeclaredsourceofinspirationisthestoicismofGramsci,whose'strengthofmindinthedepthsofhisowndefeatwastobringmoralresistanceandpoliticalinnovationtogetherInrelatedcircumstances,thisisthecombinationneededtoday'Comparaisonn'estpasraisonornotalwaysYetwhatevertheidentityofthefigureintheAndersonianmirror,itrevealsanenduringfidelitytotheidealsofalifetime:amodifiedyetundiminishedzoneofengagementinthecauseofaninternationalsocialistcultureandpoliticsIfthisisanaccuratedepiction,itshiftstheburdenofattentionawayfromsuspicionsofincipientheresy(eg,hankeringsaftermelioristEuropeanXIVPREFACEbureaucracy),tothemaintenanceintheabsenceofanyofthepoliticalcoordinatesthatmightsustainitofthe'olympianuniversalism'ofAnderson'sstationinthewatchtowerThatposturewasproblematicinthepast,whentheexistenceofglobalsocialistorganizationsneverthelesspermittedhimbothtoclasshimselfamongthat'portionofthebourgeoisie'which,accordingtotheCommunistManifesto,'goesovertotheproletariat''inparticular,aportionofthebourgeoisideologists,whohaveraisedthemselvestothelevelofcomprehendingtheoreticallythehistoricalmovementasawhole'andtospeakinthenameofanimaginaryinternationalthatneverfoundsatisfactoryembodimentHowever,withthedebacleofsocialisttraditionsinthetwentiethcentury,andwiththecrisisofMarxismatfirststrenuouslydenied,atlengthreluctantlyconcededAnderson'spositionhasbecomemoreprecarious,forevermorederacinatedContrarytoHegelianvariantsofMarxism,Andersontendedtoconceiveof'scientificsocialism'astheexternalconjunctionofatheoreticalresearchprogrammeandapracticalmovement,ratherthanas'thetheoreticalexpressionoftheproletarianmovement'Predicated,evenso,uponwhattheearlyLukacsdesignated'theactualityoftherevolution',initsmatureformAnderson'sMarxismconstruedhistoricalmaterialismastheexplanatoryscienceofhistoryandanormativecritiqueofcapitalismInthefirstregister,Marxismfurnishedacausalknowledgeofthepastandpresent,andtherebyinformedthestruggleforaliberatedfuture,guidingagentsintheadoptionofviablestrategicmeanstowardthefeasiblesocialistendInthesecondregister,withoutregressingtothe'utopiansocialism'thatMarx,Engels,andtheirsuccessorsreckonedtohavesuperseded,Marxismnotonlyprovidedreasonsforopposingcapitalismbutalsoought(soAndersonurgedintheearlys)toexploretheinstitutionalshapeofadesirablesocialismWhatbecomesofthisprospectuswiththenonactualityofreformist,letalonerevolutionary,socialismatatimewhen(toinvertMarxandEngels)'therealmovementwhichabolishesthepresentstateofthings'isnotcommunismbutglobalcapitalism,andwhenitstrophiesincludethetraditionalagenciesandstrategies,partiesandprogrammes,ofitshistoricantagonistThepermissiveconditionsofwhatacritic(privately)dubbedAndersonianMetaTrotskyism'haveevaporateditshabitsdiehard(WitnesstheunruffledserenitywithwhichpossiblescenariosforsocialismarescannedinTheEndsofHistory',foralltheworldasifnoneofitsinstantiationshadeverelicitedAnderson'sowncriticalsupport)ItisthetenaciousconsistencyandintegrityofAnderson'sproject,resolutelyfocusedonepochsandcontinentsamidsomanyvicissitudes,thatraisesthemostintriguingquestionsThepresentworkessaysnomore(toborrowanAndersonianphrase)XVPREFACEthana'rudimentarydiagram'ofhiscareer,neitherpretendingtoexhaustitspasttrajectorynorpresumingtopreemptitsfuturecurve,undertheactionofsimilarordifferentforcesItisundertakeninthebeliefthatthiscareer,inandthroughitsverysingularity,conformstosomeofthewidercontoursofAngloMarxismsinceandthataportraitoftheindividualinstancemaycastsomelightuponthecollectivephenomenonItsunfashionableapproachtothehistoryofideaswillbethatofAndersonhimself,articulating'internal'and'external'historiesofhistextsintheircontexts(albeitwithwhatmightstrikesomereadersasunduecrossChannel,ratherthantransatlantic,bias)AsAndersonwritesoftheessaysinAZoneofEngagement,distinguishinghisownproceduresfromrivalmethodologi

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