加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 *新书上架*【阿兰·伍德】修正主义与改革:21世纪的马克思主义与社会主义

*新书上架*【阿兰·伍德】修正主义与改革:21世纪的马克思主义与社会主义.pdf

*新书上架*【阿兰·伍德】修正主义与改革:21世纪的马克思主义…

九月虺
2009-10-19 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《*新书上架*【阿兰·伍德】修正主义与改革:21世纪的马克思主义与社会主义pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

ALANWOODSwasborninSwansea,SouthWales,inintoaworkingclassfamilywithstrongCommunisttraditionsAttheageofhejoinedtheYoungSocialistsandbecameaMarxistHestudiedRussianinSussexUniversityandlaterinSofia(Bulgaria)andtheMoscowStateUniversity(MGU)HehasawideexperienceoftheinternationallabourmovementandhasbeeninvolvedintheMarxistmovementinSpain,whereheparticipatedinthestruggleagainsttheFrancodictatorship,LatinAmericaandPakistanHespeaksseverallanguages,includingSpanish,French,GermanandRussianAlanWoodsistheauthorofmanyworkscoveringawidespectrumofissues(politics,economics,history,philosophy,art,music,andscience)HeisalsothepoliticaleditorofthepopularwebsiteInDefenceofMarxism(wwwmarxistcom)andsecretaryoftheInternationalMarxistTendencyAmongthebookshehaswrittenwecanhighlightLeninandTrotsky:WhattheyReallyStoodForandReasoninRevolt,MarxistPhilosophyandModernScience,bothinconjunctionwiththelateTedGrant,Bolshevism:theRoadtoRevolution,MarxismandtheUnitedStates,TheHistoryofPhilosophy(online),Ireland:RepublicanismandRevolution,TheVenezuelanRevolutionAMarxistperspective,andWhatisMarxism(jointlywithRobSewellandMickBrooks)Hisbookshavebeentranslatedintoseverallanguages,includingSpanish,Italian,German,Greek,Turkish,Urdu,Danish,Portuguese,RussianandBahasaIndonesianAlanWoodswithHugoChávezREFORMISMorREVOLUTIONMarxismandsocialismofthestcenturyTotheworkersandpeasantsofVenezuela,therealprotagonistsoftheBolivarianRevolutionandofthisbookREFORMISMorREVOLUTIONMarxismandsocialismofthestcentury(ReplytoHeinzDieterich)ByAlanWoodsWellredPublicationsLondonReformismorRevolutionMarxismandSocialismofthestcentury(ReplytoHeinzDieterich)ByAlanWoodsFirstpublishedbyWellredCopyright©AlanWoodsUKdistribution:WellredBooks,POBoxLondonEWG,EnglandTel:()contactsocialistnetUSAdistribution:Wellred,POBox,StPaul,MNwellredgmailcomWellredonlinebookshopsales:wellredmarxistcomTypesetbyWellredPrintedbyintypelibra,London,EnglandBritishLibraryCataloguinginPublicationDataAcataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryISBNISBNLayoutbyEspeEspigaresAcknowledgementsAuthor’sPrefaceMethodologyPhilosophyandscienceDieterichandhistoricalmaterialismHistoryandeconomicsSocialismutopianandscientificAnoutlineofMarxisteconomicsTheeconomicsofSocialismofthestCenturySocialismorStalinismThefutureoftheCubanRevolutionNationalismorinternationalismThestateandrevolutionTheVenezuelanRevolutionBibliographyContentsOverthepastmonthsIhavereceivedalotofencouragementfrommanypeoplewhowerekeentoseethisbookinprintThiswasagreathelptome,sinceIhavemorethanonceregrettedhavingtakenthetaskoninthefirstplaceIhopethatthefinalresultwilljustifytheworkthatsomanypeoplehaveputintoitIwishtoexpressmythankstoallthosewho,bytheirpainstakingwork,havemadetheappearanceofthisbookpossibleInthefirstplace,mythankstoMickBrooksforhisinvaluablehelpwiththesectiononeconomicsandexpertproofreading,andtoHarryWhittacker,JordiMartorellandFredWeston,fortheirproofreadingandvaluablesuggestionsImustalsothankHarryNielsen,LukeWilsonandAlexGrantfortheirhelpfulobservationsonthechapteronscienceInaddition,IwouldliketothankEspeEspigaresforherprofessionallayoutSincewedecidedtopublishthebooksimultaneouslyinEnglishandSpanish,IwouldalsoliketothankJuanaCoboandPabloRoldánfortheexcellentSpanishtranslationInaddition,aspecialmentionisduetoMiguelFernández,whoseconsiderableliteraryskillswereofgreathelptomeinperfectingandpolishingthefinaltextbothinSpanishandEnglishAboveall,myheartfeltthankstomycomradeandcompanionAnaMuñozforherinvaluablehelpandencouragement,andforherimmensepatienceinthefinalproofreading,whichwasenoughtotrythepatienceofasaint!AcknowledgementsThepublicationofthepresentworkrequiressomeexplanationManyfriendshaveaskedmewhyIwastakingsomuchtimereplyingtoamanwhosebooksarereadbyalimitedpublic,mainlyintheLatinAmericanuniversities,andaremostlyonlyavailableinSpanishIrepliedthatIhadbeenpersuadedbythepersistentrequestsofmyfriendsinCubaandVenezuela,who,aftersomeyears,werefedupofthetheoreticalpretensionsofHeinzDieterichandwantedmetoanswerhimForsomeyearsHeinzDieterichhasbeenwaginganoisycampaign,claimingthathehas“invented”theideaofSocialisminthestCenturyThishashadsomeeffectoncertaincirclesoftheLeftinVenezuelaandsomeothercountriesAsweknow,thereisanimportantdebatetakingplaceinVenezuelaonthenatureofsocialism,inspiredbyHugoChávez’sdeclarationsinfavourofsocialismThisisenormouslyimportant,notonlyforVenezuelabutforthewholeinternationalworkers’movementAfterthecollapseoftheSovietUnion,thereisafermentofdiscussionontheLeftonaworldscaleTheignominiousfailureofStalinismandtheunprecedentedideologicalcounteroffensiveofthebourgeoisieagainstsocialismhaveledsometoconcludethatthe“old”ideasofMarxism(scientificsocialism)arenolongervalid,andthatitisnecessarytoinventsomethingentirelynewandoriginalThisisjustwhatDieterichclaimstohavedoneDuringthereferendumcampaignonconstitutionalreforminDecemberthenameofHeinzDieterichsuddenlybegantoacquiregreaterprominenceHeopposedthereformandpubliclydefendedGeneralBaduel,theformerDefenceMinisterwhowentovertotheoppositionandcampaignedfora“no”voteinthereferendumLater,Dieterichsaidhesupporteda“yes”vote“asalesserevil”HowdoesitcomeaboutthatamanwhohascultivatedtheimageofaloyalsupporterofChávezandtheBolivarianRevolutionshouldbehaveinsuchawayItcameasashocktomanyontheLeftwhohadaccepteduncriticallytheaudaciousclaimsofProfessorDieterichBut,havingcarefullyreadhisarticlesandbooksformanymonths,itwasnotatallsurprisingtomeAuthor'sprefaceReformismorRevolutionThefactthatinadecisivemomentHeinzDieterichtookapositionthatwasclearlyagainstthefurtheradvanceoftheRevolutiontowardssocialismisnoaccidentItisthelogicalandinescapableconclusionfromallhistheoriesandfromhispeculiarversionof“stCenturySocialism”–akindof“socialism”thatisnotsocialismatall,asweshallseeFromAntiDühringtoAntiDieterichInpreparingmyreplyIdecidedtorereadEngels’famousbookAntiDühring,inwhichheanswerstheargumentsofamanwho,morethanacenturyago,claimedtohavedevelopedanewandoriginaltheoryofsocialismthatwouldrendertheideasofMarx(andeverybodyelse)obsoleteIfoundthatthesimilaritybetweenDühringandDieterichtobeastonishinglysimilar,notonlyintheirideasbutevenintheirwayofexpressingthemThefirstwordsofitsprefaceare:“Thefollowingworkisbynomeansthefruitofany‘innerurge’Onthecontrary”LikeEngels,IhadnowishtowritethepresentbookIagreedreluctantlybecauseIregardeditasanunwelcomedistractionfromotherimportantworkIthought,rathernaivelyasitturnsout,thatIcoulddealwiththisveryquicklyButIwaswrongThemoreIpenetratedintothisthickjungleofconvolutedproseandevenmoreconvolutedideas,themoreitbecamecleartomethatashortreplywasimpossibleThemoreIwrotethemoreIkeptthinkingofthewordsofEngelsinthePrefacetoAntiDühring:“NeverthelessitwasayearbeforeIcouldmakeupmymindtoneglectotherworkandgetmyteethintothissourappleItwasthekindofapplethat,oncebitteninto,hadtobecompletelydevouredanditwasnotonlyverysour,butalsoverylargeThenewsocialisttheorywaspresentedastheultimatepracticalfruitofanewphilosophicalsystemItwasthereforenecessarytoexamineitinthecontextofthissystem,andindoingsotoexaminethesystemitselfitwasnecessarytofollowHerrDühringintothatvastterritoryinwhichhedealtwithallthingsunderthesunandwithsomeothersaswell”ThewritingsofHeinzDieterichareanevenbiggerandsourerapplethantheoneoldEngelshadtobiteonLikeHerrDühring,HeinzDieterichwritesonmanysubjectsand,sinceheconstantlymixeseverythingup,IwasobligedtofollowhimthroughallthesetwistsandturnsHeseemstobeincapableofwritingaboutpoliticaleconomywithoutdragginginthehistoryofphilosophy,ortheperspectivesfortheBolivianRevolutionwithoutspeculatingonthenatureoftheuniverseThepresentbookisthereforeintendedtodotwothings:toanswertheideasofHeinzDieterichandalsotoexplainasclearlyaspossibletheclassicalideasofMarxism,whichineveryrespectcontradictthemIamconsciousofthefactthatthisEngels,AntiDühring,PrefacetoEdition,pp,LaurenceandWishart,LondonAuthor'sPrefacedoesnotmakereadingthebookveryeasyTherearesomeverylongquotations–somefromcomradeDieterichandothersfromMarx,Engels,LeninandTrotskyIfthisbookisthereforeratherlong,thereadermustconsolehimorherselfwiththethoughtthattheuniverseaboutwhichcomradeDieterichstrollswithsuchenviableeaseisalotbiggerWecanhopethatsomedaymaybesomeonewillexplaintoHeinzDieterichthat“brevityisthesoulofwit”Butuntilthatdayarrives,wehavenoalternativebuttoanswerhimpointbypoint,pagebypage,galaxybygalaxy,andmillenniumbymillenniumInthepresentbookIhaveattemptedtoexaminetheextravagantclaimsofcomradeDieterichinordertodeterminetowhatpointtheyarevalidIsitreallytruethathehasdiscoveredanentirelynewandoriginalconceptofsocialismIfthisweretrue,itwouldhaveveryseriousimplicationsforsocialistseverywhereWewouldhavetoreexamineallthebasicideasofMarxismandcreateanentirelynewsetofideasandprinciplesAstheauthorofthiswork,IhaveadutytomakecleartothereaderfromwhatstandpointIamapproachingthistaskIwriteasalifelongdefenderofMarxismIconsiderthattheideasofMarx,Engels,LeninandTrotskytobeascorrectandrelevantasever–indeedtheyaremorerelevantandnecessarynowthanatanyothertimeNaturally,ifsomebodycanconvincemethattheyhaveabodyofideasthatissuperiortoMarxismandmakesMarxismobsolete,IamquitepreparedtochangemyopinionsHowever,foralmostyearsIhavemadeacarefulstudynotonlyofalltheworksofthegreatMarxistwritersofthepastbutalsomanyoftheircriticsHavinglistenedtomanyargumentsofpeoplewhoclaimedtoprovideanalternative,IhaveyettohearofanythingthatcouldberemotelycomparedtothedepthandrichnessofMarxismIhaveyettofindanybodyofideasthatcomesremotelyclosetodisplacingMarxismasascientifictoolforunderstandingtheworldinwhichweliveTheenormoussuperiorityofthemethodofMarxismcanbeseeninTheCommunistManifesto,thefoundingdocumentofscientificsocialismWritteninbytwoyoungrevolutionaries,thistextisthemostmodernbookonecouldreadtodayInfact,itismorerelevanttodaythanwhenitwaswrittenHerewehaveaperfectdescriptionandanalysisoftheworld,notasitwasthen,butasitisnowHowmanyotherbookswrittenoveryearsagocanmakesuchaclaimThisisadecisiveanswertoallthosewhoarguethattheideasofMarxismare“old”ideaswithoutrelevancetotheworldwelivein!NewideasAstothe“newandoriginal”ideasofthestCenturyIwillsayonlythis:thattothisday,despiteallthenoiseandfuss,amongallthevastliteraryproductionoftheDieterichsofthisworld,IhaveyettoreadasinglesolitarygenuinelynewideaWhatIhavefoundismanyoldandantiquatednotionsthathavebeenfishedoutofReformismorRevolutionthedustbinofhistory–unscientificandutopianideasthatwerelongagoansweredbyMarx,EngelsandLenin,ideasthatbelongtotheprehistoryoftheworkers’movementTheseoldandtiredideasofpreMarxian,utopiansocialismhavebeendusteddownandpresentedasstCenturySocialismAndthereareevensomesimplesoulswhotakethisseriouslyAllthischatteringabout“entirelynewandoriginalideas”seemssuperficiallyattractive–afterall,whowouldnotpreferanicenewcarorcomputerinplaceoflastyear’smodelButinrealitytheanalogyisfalseandcontradictsourmostbasicexperienceTobenewisnotnecessarilyagoodthinginallcases,norissomethingnecessarilybadbecauseitisoldAnewcarorcomputerthatdoesnotworkisworsethananoldonethatdoesworkThewheelisaveryancientinvention,butitstillworksratherwellafterthousandsofyearsWhatwouldwesayofamanwhodemandsofusthatweabandonthewheel(becauseitisold)andlookforanentirelynewkindofwheel–awheelofthestcenturyWhatkindofwheelwouldthatbe–asquareone,perhaps,oratriangularoneWhatevershapeitmaybe,weareconvincedthatitwillnotcarryusonestepfurtherForourpart,wedonotbelievethereisanyneedtoreinventsocialism,justaswedonotneedtoreinventthewheelOfcourse,itwillbenecessarytointroducethisorthatmodification,butwhatisreallyremarkableishowfewadjustmentswehavetomaketotheideasthatwereworkedoutbyMarxandEngelsinthethcenturyanddevelopedandenrichedbyLeninandTrotskyinthethcenturyWemaymakethisorthatchange,butinallthefundamentalsthebasicideasretainalltheirvigourandactualityItis,ofcourse,verygoodtodebatetheideasofsocialismandwewillparticipateinthisdebatewiththegreatestenthusiasmWhatisnotsogoodisthatHeinzDieterichandothersclaimtherighttoamonopolyoftheinterpretationofstCenturySocialismWhatisevenworse,asweshallsee,isthatthisinterpretationof“socialism”turnsouttobeexactlythesameas–capitalismHeinzDieterichappearsontheinternationalstageasafriendoftheBolivarianRevolutionThatistohiscreditTheBolivarianrevolutionneedsallthefriendsitcangetGodknowsithasenemiesenough!ButtherearefriendsandfriendsTheunfortunateJobintheBiblehadcausetoregrettheconsolationofferedtohimbyhisfriendsinhismomentsofgreatestneedAndwehavenodoubtthattherevolutionariesofVenezuelawillhaveevengreatercausetoregretitiftheyacceptasgoodcointheadvicegiventothemsogenerouslybytheirfriendslikeHeinzDieterichFriendshipofthissortremindsusoftheoldsaying:GodpreserveusfromourfriendsWewillsortoutourenemiesourselvesLondon,thMayInthefirstdecadeofthestcentury,humanitystandsatthecrossroadsOntheonehand,theachievementsofscience,techniqueandindustrypointthewayforwardtoadazzlingfutureofprosperity,socialwellbeingandunlimitedculturaladvanceOntheother,theexistenceofthehumanraceisthreatenedbytheravishingoftheplanetinthenameofprofitMillionsofpeopleliveinpovertyontheedgeofstarvationInonecountryafteranotherelementsofbarbarismareappearingTheveryfutureoftheplanetisthreatenedbyglobalecologicaldegradationThefalloftheSovietUnionwasthesignalforanunprecedentedideologicaloffensiveagainsttheideasofsocialismThecollapseofthebureaucraticallycontrolledplannedeconomiesoftheEastwasheldupasthedefinitiveproofofthefailureof“communism,”and,ofcourse,theideasofMarxThedefendersofcapitalismsawthefalloftheSovietUnionasproofthattheirsystemwastheonlypossiblesystemTheydreamedofaNewWorldOrderbasedonpeaceandplentyTheyimaginedthatthepresenttemporaryboommeantnotjustareturntothedaysoftheiryouthbuttheabolitionofallcrisesThisdoesnotevendeserveattentionasseriousthinkingTheseareonlythepatheticselfdelusionsofadecrepitudethatrefusestolookinthemirrorItdidnottakelongtoshattertheseillusionsToday,notonestoneuponanotherisleftofthedreamsofthebourgeoisieEverywhereweseetheawakeningofthemasses,whoarelookingforawayoutAnewperiodisopeningupThereisagrowingquestioningofcapitalismandaneverincreasinginterestintheideasofsocialismandMarxismInthenextperiodideasthatnowarelistenedtobysmallgroupswillbeeagerlysoughtbyhundredsofthousandsandmillionsWeseethisalreadyinLatinAmerica,wheretherevolutionarytrendhasgonefurtherthananywhereelseTheVenezuelanRevolutionisthefinalanswertoallthosecowardsandapostateswhoarguedthatrevolutionandsocialismwereofftheagendaMethodologyReformismorRevolutionLeninwasveryfondoftheRussianproverb“Lifeteaches”InarevolutionpeoplelearnfastThatistrueofthemassesbutalsooftheleadersHugoChávezhasundoubtedlylearnedalotfromhisexperienceoftherevolutionandhehasdrawnsomeimportantconclusionsItisnoaccidentthatHugoChávezhasopenedadebateontheideasofsocialismTheBolivarianrevolutionhasadvancedrapidlyandisgoingbeyondtheboundsofcapitalismandchallengingprivatepropertyTheoldsocietyisdyingonitsfeetandthenewsocietyisstrugglingtobebornAndwhathashappenedinVenezuelatodaywillhappentomorrowinBritain,inRussia,inChinaandtheUSAitselfThedeclarationsofHugoChávezinfavourofsocialismhavesparkedoffaseriousdebateinVenezuela,wheresocialistandMarxistideasarebeingenthusiasticallydiscussedineveryfactoryandvillage,ineverymarketandbusstopThisisnottheusualwordspinningofintellectualcirclesinuniversitiesThemasseshaveaseriousattitudetoideasbecausewhatisinvolvedisnotadoctoralthesisbutaquestionoflifeanddeathThismeansthatsocialismhascomeoutofthescholar’sstudyandenteredthelightofdayFromthepointofviewofMarxismthisisamostimportantdevelopmentMarxismisaphilosophythatleadstoaction,andisunthinkablewithoutactionInthewordsofMarx:“Philosophershaveonlyinterpretedtheworldindifferentways:thepoint,however,istochangeit”Butnoteveryoneishappyabo

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/49

*新书上架*【阿兰·伍德】修正主义与改革:21世纪的马克思主义与社会主义

仅供在线阅读

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利