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首页 韦伯:《经济与社会》(上)英文版

韦伯:《经济与社会》(上)英文版.pdf

韦伯:《经济与社会》(上)英文版

岳林Tim
2009-10-19 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《韦伯:《经济与社会》(上)英文版pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

MaxUeber•EditedbyGuentherRothandClausWittichUniversityofCaliforniaPressBerlreley•Lo,'Angeles•London,,,'uofCollfonriA",""drAngd<,CoIilonrlaUntversityofcIifmniaPress,Ltd,LimdODEngWidThisprinting,CopyrightbyTheRegentsoftheUnivenityoECaliforniaatprinting,Copyrightby~PressIncorporatedNewYorkAllrightsreservedNopartofthisbookmaybe~eedOftransmittedinanyformorbyanymeaDS,electtonicormechanical,iDcludingphotocopying,recording,orby!lnyinformationstonlgeandretrie~system,withoutpermissioninwritingfromthepubliShersLibwyofGmgressOtaloCardNumber:ISBN:'(Cloth)'''(paper)PtintedintheUnitedStatesofAmericaEconamyandSocietyisatanslationofMaxWeber,WiTtsculftundGesellsdutGrundrissdel'vl!I'"stehersdenSoziologiebasedonthethGermanedition,JohannesWinckelmann(),Tubingen:JCBMohr(PaulSiebeck),,ppISSO,HsHl,asrevisedinthepaperbackedition(K!nBerlin:Kiepenbeuer:Witseh),withappendicesfromMaxWeber,GSQfllmeileAufsiituwrWissens<:hafulehre,ndrevedition,JohannesWinckelmann(ed),Tobingen:JCBMohr(PaulSiebeck),,pp(selected~ges),andMaxWeber,GemmeltepolitischeSchri~n,ndexpandededition,JohannesWinckemann(eel),TUbingen:JCBMohr(PaulSiebeck),I~,ppTheexclusivelicensetomakethisEnWbeditionhasbeengrantedtotheUniversityotCaliforniaPressbytheGermanh~derofrights,JCBMohr(PaulSiebeck),Tubingen'TheEnglishtextincludes(withrevisionsandwithadditionofnOles)materialpreviouslypublishedandCOpyrightedbythesepublishers:BeaconPressEphraimFiscbofF,trans,TheSociologyofReligion(Boston:BeaconPress,),ppCcpyright©¢ibyBeaconPressReprintedbyarrangementwithBeaconPressOx(OTdUniversityPress:HansGenhandCWriszhtMills,tJ:ansandeels,FromMaxWeber:EssaysinSociology(NewYork:OxfordUniversityPress,),pp",CopY'•rightbyOxfordUniversityPress,IncBritishCommonwealthrightsby,RoutledgeandKeganPaulLtdReprintedbypermissionTheFreePressofGlencOll:FerdinandKolegar,tJ:ans,"TheHouseholdCommunity"and"EthnicGroups,"inTalcottParsonsetal,eds,ThllorWsofSoc~ty(NewYork,TheFreePreSiiofGlencoe,),volr,pp,Copyright©l¢ilbyTheFreePressofGlencoeReprintedbypermissionTalcottPusons,ed(AMHendersonandTParsons,trans),TJuTheoryofSocialaMEconomicOrganization(NewYOlk:TheFreePressofGlencoe,roriginallypublishedbyOxfordUniversityPress(),ppCopyrightbyTheFreePressofGlencoeReprintedbypermissionHarvorrdUniversityPress:MaxRbeinstein,ed(EdwardShilsandMaxRbeinstein,tJ:ans),Mu:WebB!"OftLawinEconomy"andSociety(thCenturyLegalPhilosophySeries,VolVICambrid~,Mass:HarvardUniversityPress,),ppnCopyright,bythePresidentandFellowsofHarvardCollegeReprintedbypermissionCcrrespondenceaboutthes~sectionsoftheEnglishtranslationshouldbedirectedtotheabovepublishersSeeeditors'prefacefordetailsabouttheirlocationinthiseditionVOLUMEONEECONOMYANDSOCIETYPartOneandPartTwo,chaptersItoVII("JITranslator"EPHRAIMFlSCHOFFHANSGERTHAMHENDERSONFERDINANDKOLEGARCWRIGHTMlLLSTALCOTTPARSONSMAXRHEINSTEINGUEl'{THERROTHEDWARDSHlLSCLAUSWITTICH,,SUMMARYCONTENTSLISTOFABBREVIATIONSxxvVOLUMEIPREFACETOTHEREISSUExxixPREFACExxxiINTRODUCTIONbyGuentherRothxxxiiiPARTONECONCEPTUALEXPOS'TIONIBasicSociologicalTermsIISodologicalCategoriesofEconomicActionIllTheTypesofLegitimateDominationlolIVStatusGroupsandClassesPARTTWO,THEECONOMYANDTHEARENAOFNORMATIVEANDDEFACTO,OWERSIIIIIIIVVVIVIITheEconomyandSocialNormsJTheEconomicRelationshipsofOrganizedGroups~Household,NeighborhoodandKinGroup,Household,EnterpriseandDUwsEthnicGroupsReligiousGroups(TheSociulogyofReligion)TheMarket:ItsImpersonalityandEihic(Fragment)VOLUMEVIIIEconomyandLaw(TheSociologyofLaw)IXPoliticalCommunitiesXDominationandLegitimacyXIBureaucracyvI,VI,SUMMARYCONTENTS•XIIPatriarcbalismandPatrimonialismXIIIfeudalismStiindssUuUandPatrimonialism°°XIVCharismaandItsTransformationIIIIXVPoliticalandHierocraticDominationXVITheCityCNonUgitimateDomination)APPENDICESITypesofSocialActionandGroupsnParliamentandGovernmentinaReconstructedGermanyINDEX·SchotarsJtHistoricalNamesvSubjectsxiANALYTICALLISTOFABBREVIATIONSVOLUMEICONTENTSxxvPREFACETOTHEREISSUExxix,PREPACExxxiINTRODUCTIONbyGuentherRothxxxiiiIAClaimXXXlllSociologicalTheory,ComparativeStudyandHistoricalExplanationxxxvTheLegalFormsofMedievalTradingEnterprisesxlEconomicandPoliticalPowerinAncientGennanicHistoryxlii:TheRomanEmpireandImperialGermanyxlviTheEconomicTheoryofAntiquityAPoliticalTypologyofAntiquitylivWeber'sVisionoftheFutureandHisAcademicPoliticslviiThePlanningofEconomyandSodetylxiiTheStructureofEconomyandSociety!xviPARTTWO:THEBARJlERPARTlxviiChI,Th,E",nomy'ndSod,NonmOnS"mn>e<!xviiChII:OnMarx,MichelsandSombartlXixCbsIIIV:TheRelativelyUniversalGroupslxxiiiChVI:TheSociologyofReligion!xxviChVII:TheMarket,ItsImpersonalityandEthic!xxxChVIII:TheSociologyofLawlxxxiChIX:PoliticalCommunityandStatelxxxivChsXXVI:TheSociologyofDominationlxxxvili~)TheThooryofM~m~ymCn)TheDimensionsofRulershipxciiiCo)TheTerminologyofDominationxcivCD)TheCity:UsurpationandRevolutionxcviiIIPAnTONn:THELATERPARTeIIWeber'sPoliticalWri~ngscivOnEditingandTranslatingEconomyandSocietycvii·Acknowledgementsexvii•VIIIANALynCALCONTENTSPartOne:CONCEPTUALEXPOSITIONChapterIBASICSOCIOLOGICALTERMSPreftoryNoteITheDdinitionsofSociologyandofSocialActionAMethodologicalFoundationsBSocialActionTypesofSocialActionTheConceptofSocialRelationshipTypesofActionOrientation:Usage,Custom,Self·Interest"LegitimateOrderTypesofLegitimateOrder:ConventionandLawBasesofLegitimacy:Tradition,Faith,EnactmentConflict,Competition,SelectionCommunalandAssociativeRelationshipsTOOpenandClosedRelationshipsIITheImputationofSocialAction:RepresentationandMutualResponsibilityTheOrganizationConsensualandImpoocdOrderinOrganizationsAdministrativeandRegulativeOrderEnterprise,FormalOrganization,VoluntaryandCompulsoryAssociatiooPowerandJl>minationPoliticalandHierocraticOrganizationsNotesChapterIISOCIOLOGICALCATEGORIESQFECONOMICACTIONPrefatoryNoteTheConceptofEconomicActionTheConceptofUtilityModesoftheEconomicOrientationofActionTypicalMeasuresofRationalEconomicActionTypesofEconomicOrganizationsMediaofExchange,MeansofPayment,MoneyThePrimaryConsequencesoftheUseofMoneyOreditTheMarketFormalandSubstantiveRationalityofEconomicActionTheRationali~ofMonetaryAccounting:ManagementanrBudgetingIJTheConceptandTypesofProfitMakingTheRoleofCapitalCalculationsinKindJSubstantiveConditionsofFormalRationalityinaMoneyEconomy•AnalyticalComentsIXMarketEconomiesandPlannedEconomies°TypesofEconomicDivisionofLaborIITypesoftheTechnicalDivisionofLaborTypesoftheTechnicalDivisionofLabor(Continued)SocialAspectsoftheDivisionofLabor:SocialAspectsoftheDivisionofLabor(Continued)SocialAspectsoftheDivisionofLabor:TheAppropriationoftheMaterialMeansofProductionSocialAspectsoftheDivisionofLabor:TheAppropriationofManagerialFunctionsTheExpropriationofWorkersfromtheMeansofProductionTheExpropriationofWorkersfromtheMeansofProduction(Continued)·TheConceptofOccupationandTypes'£OccupationalStructureaThePrincipalFonnsofAppropriationandofMarketRelationshipConditionsUnderlyingtheCalculabilityoftheProductivityofLaborFormsofCommunismCapitalGoodsandCapitalAccountingTheConceprofTradeandItsPrincipalFormsTheConceptofTradeandItsPrincipalForm~(Continued)aTheConceptofTradeandItsPrincipalForms(Concluded)TheCoI'dirionsofMaximumFormalRationalityofCapitalAccountingThePrincipalModesofCapitalisticOrientationofProfitMakingTheMonetarySystemoftheModernStateandtheDifferentKiI'd~ofMoney:CurrencyMoney·RestrictedMoney·NoteMoneyTheFormalandSubstantiveValidityofMoneyMethodsandAimsofMonetaryPolicyaExcursus:ACriticalNoteonthe"StateTheoryofMoney",TheNon·MonetarySignificanceofPoliticalBodiesfortheEconomicOrderTheFinancingvfPoliricalBodiesRepercussionsofPublicFinancingonPrivateEconomicActivitytTheInfluenceofECOPJmicFactorsontheFormationofOrganiutionsl'neMainspring(IfEconomicActivityNotesChapterIIITHETYPESOFLEGITIMATEDOMINATION<iTHEBASISOFLIiGmMACY:IDominationandLegitimacyTheThreePureTypesofAuthorityiiLBGALAUTHORITYWITHABUREAUCRATICADMINISTRATIVBSTAFFLegalAuthority:ThePureType:LegalAuthority:ThePureTypeCltinued)MonocraticBureaucracyxANALYTICALCONTENTSiiiTRADITIONALAUTHORITYThePureTypeThePureType(Continued)•Geronrocracy,PatriarchalismandPatrimonialismPatrimonialMaintenance:BeneficesandFiefsEstateTypeDominationandItsDivisionofPowersTraditionalDominationandtheEconomyivCHARISMATICAUTHOIUTYCharismaticAuthorityandCharismaticCommunityTHIlROUTINIZATlON'CHARISMAIJTheRiseoftheCharismaticCommunityandtheProblemofSuccessionJTypesofAppropriationbytheCharismaticStalfStatusHonorandtheLegitimationofAuthorityviI'BUDALlsM'JhOccidentalFeudalismandItsConictwithPatrimonialismCPrebendalFeudalismandOtherVariantsCombinationsoftheDifferentTypesofAuthorityvii•THSTlANSPORMATlONOFCHARISMAINADEMOCRATICDIllBCTlOl"f,,DemocraticLegitimacy,PlebiscitaryLeadershipandElectedOfficialdomwiCOLLBGlALrrtANDTIDDIVllJION'PoWERS:ITypesofCoJtialityandoftheDivisionofPowersTheFunc:tionaIySpecificDivisiooofPowersTheRelationsofmePoliticalSepwationofPowerstotheEconomybePAJTlBS'DefinitionandCharacteristicsXUDUlCTDBMOCJACYANI)JEpJUl,SENTATIVilADMINISTRATIONTheConditionsofDirectDemocracyandofAdministrationbyNotablesAdministrationbyNotables°xiJUl,PRIlUNTATlON:uThePrincipalFonnsandCharaCteristicsRepresentationbytheAgentsofInterestGroupsNotesChapterIVSTATUSGROUPSANDCLASSES°IClassSituationJlDdClassTypes°PropertyClassesCommercialClasses°SocialClassStatusandStatusGroup(Stand)°NotesAnalyticalCuntentsPartTwo:THEECONOMYANDTHEARENAOFNORMATIVEANDDEFACTOPOWERSChapterITHEECONOMYANDSOCIALNORMSXI"·,ILegalOrderandEconomic<hierJATheSociologicalConceptofLawIIBStateLawandExtraStareLawLaw,Convention,andCustomASignicanceofCustomintheFonnationofLawBChangeThroughInspirationandEmpathycBorderlineZonesBetweenConvention,Custom,andLawExcursusinResponsetoRudolfStammlerSummaryoftheMostGeneralRelationsBetweenLawandEconomyNotesChapterIITHEECONOMICRELATIONSHIPSOFORGANIZEDGROUPSIEconomicActionandEconomicallyActiveGroupsOpenandClosedEconomicRelationshipsGroupStructuresandEconomicInterests:Mondl'OlistversusExpansiohistTendenciesFiveTypesofWantSatisfactionbyEconomicallyActiveGroupsEffectsofWantSatisfactionand'taxationonCapitalismandMercantilismHINOklS'CIoapk<IIIHOUSEHOLD,NEIGHBORHOODANDKINGROUPITheHousehold:Familial,CapitalisticandCommunisticSolidaritya,TheNeighborhood:AnUnsentimentalEconomicBrotherhoodTheReguIaticcJofSexualRelationsintheHouseholdTheKinGroupIIDdItsEconomicEElectsontheHouseholdNOMsChap'"IVHOUSEHOLD,ENTERPRISEANDOIKOS:J••TheImpactofEconomic,MilitaryandPoliticalGroupsonJoint"PropertylawandSuccessionintheHouseholdXIIANALYTICALCONTENTSTheDisintegrationoftheHousehold:TheRiseoftheCalculativeSpiritandoftheModernCapitalistEnterpriseTIleAlternativeDevelopment:TheQikasNotesChapterVETHNICGROUPS"Race"MembershipTheBeliefinCommonEthnicity:ItsMultipleSocialOriginsandTheoreticalAmhiguitiesTribeandPoliticalCommunity:TheDisurilityoftheNotionof"EthnicGroup"t'l':ationalityandCulturalPrestigeNotesChapterVIF,EUCIOUSGROUPS(THESOCIOLOGYOFRELIGION)iTHEORIGT:'ISOFRELiGIONTheOriginalThisWorldlyOrientationofReligiousandMagicalActionTheBeliefinSpirits,Demons,andtheSoulNaturalismandSymbolismP,mtheonandFunctionalGods"Anc('~torCultandthePriesthoodoftheFamilyHeadI,PoliticalandLocalGods:Universalismand'lonotheisminRelationtoEverydayReligiousNeedsandPllitic~lOrganization}otes,ilACICAN)RELIGION,I):i<:aCoercionversusSupplication,PrayerandSacrifice"JJh'Diffen'JlIiationufPriestsfrom,Magicians!ica,:tionstoSuccessandFailureofGodsandDemons:Lj'llLkiticsandIno:reasingDemandsUponThem')L""i'alOrilinsofReligiousEthicsandtheRationalizationofTaboo"Tal",,l"orms:TotemismandCommensalism::LW:Taboo,VocationalCasteEthics,andCapitalismfromlagicalEthicstoCvnscience,SinandSalvatio~loln,i,TH~PflOPHETIProphetversus'PriestandIhgidahProphetandLawgiver:Prophetand:reacherofEthicsMY:lagogucandTeacherFthi,aJandExempbryProphecyliJe'NatureofPropheticRevelation:TheWorldAsaMeaningful<>t<ilityNolesAnalyticalConwntsivTHECONGRECATIONBETWEENPROPHETANDPRIESTITheCongregation:ThePermanentAssociationofLaymenCanonicalWritings,DogmasalldScripturalReligionPreachingandPastoralCareasResultsofPropheticReligionNotesXIIVTHERELIGlOUSPROFNSITIEOFPEASANTRY,NOBILITY~NDBOUilGBOISU!IPeasantReligionandItsIdeologicalGlorificationAristocraticIrreligionversusWarringfQrtheFaithBureaucraticIrreligionBourgeoisReligiosityandECOQOlaicRationalismNotesviTHERELICIONOFNONPRIVILEOIlDSTR~T~ITheCraftsmen'sInclinationTowardCongre~rionalandSilvatil:aReligionlITheReligiousDisinclinationsofSlavesDayLaborersandtheModemProletariatTheDevolutionofSalvationReligionfromPrivilegedtoNonPri':ilegedStrataTheReligiousEqualityofWomenAmongDisprivilegedSrrataTheDifferentialFunctionofSalvationReligionforHigherandLowerStrata:LegitimationversusCompensationPariahPeopleandRessentiment:JudaismversusHinduismNotesviiINTELLECTUALISM,INTELLSCTUALS,ANDSALVATIONRELIGIONIPriestsandMonksasIntellectualistElaboratorsofReligionHighStatusIntellectualsasReligio'lsInnovatorsPoliticalDeclineofPrivilegedStrataandEscapismofIntellectuals°TheReligiousImpactofProletarian,PettyBourgeoisandPariahIntellectualismTheIntellectualismofHigherandLowerRankingStratainAncientJudaismThePredominanceo{AntiIntellectualistCurrentsinEarlyChristianity"IaEliteandMassIntellectualisminMedievalChristianityModemIntellectualStatusGroupsandSecularSalvationIdeologiesNotesviiiTHEODICY,SALVATION,ANDREBIRTHITheodicyandEschatology'PredestinationandProvidenceOtherSolutionsofTheodicy:DualismandtheTransmigrationoftheSoulSalvation:ThisWorldlyandOtherWorldlyNotes!)XIVANALYTICALCONTENTSixSALVATIONTHROUGHTHEBELIEVER'SEFFORTSP·JSalvationThroughRitualSalvationThroughGoodWorksSPSalvationThroughSelfPerfectionTheCertaintyofGraceandtheReligiousVirtuosiNotes)xASCETICISM,MYSTICISMANDSALVATIONIAsceticism:WorldRejectingorInner·WorldlyMysticismve'rsusAsceticismTheDecisiveDifferencesBetweenOrientalandOccidentalSalvationNotesxiSOTERIOLOGYORSALVATIONPROMOUTSIDEISalvationThroughtheSavior'sIncamationandThroughInstitutionalGrace')SalvationThroughFaithAloneandItsAntiIntellectualConsequencesSalvationThroughBeliefinPredestinationNotesxijRELIGlOUSETHICSANDTHE"':ORLD:ECONOMICSWorldlyVirtuesandtheEthicsofUltimateEndsFamilialPietyNeighborlyHelp,andCompensation"AlmsGiving,Charity,andtheProtectionoftheWeak"ReligiousEthics,EconomicRationalityandtheIssueofUsury"Notes"xiiiRELIGIOUSETHICSANDTUBWORLD:POLITICS"IFromPoliticalSubordinationtotheAntiPoliticalRejectionoftheWorld"TensionsandCompromisesBetweenEthicsandPolitics"NaturalLawandVocationalEthics'NotesxivRELIGIOUSETHICSANDTHEWORLD:SEXUALITYANDARTIOrgyversusChastityTheHeligiousStatusofMarriageandofWomenTheTensionsbetweenEthicalReligionandArtNownTill!GIUlATBELlGlONSANDTHEWORLDIJudaismandCapitalismJewishRationalismversusPuritanAsceticism"TheThisWorldlinessofIslamandItsEconomicEthicsTheOtherWorldlinessofBuddhismandItsEconomicConsequencesJesus'IndifferenceTowardtheWorldNotes·xvAnalyticalContentsChapterVIITHEMARKET:ITSIMPERSONALITYANDETHIC(Fragment)VOLUMEChapterVIIIECONOMYANDLAW(SOCIOLOGYOFLAW)i,PIELDSOFSUBSTANTIVELAWIPublicLawandPrivateLawRightGrantingLawandReglementarion"Government"and"Administration"CriminalLawandPrivateLawTortandCrimeImperiumLimitationofPowerandSeparationofPowers:SubstantiveLawandProcedureTheCategoriesofLegalThoughtNotesiiFORMS'CREATION'lUCHTSTLogicalCategories

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