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首页 *应求重贴*【德里达】哲学的边缘(英文版)

*应求重贴*【德里达】哲学的边缘(英文版).pdf

*应求重贴*【德里达】哲学的边缘(英文版)

九月虺
2009-10-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《*应求重贴*【德里达】哲学的边缘(英文版)pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

JacquesDerridaMARGINSofPhilosophylianslated,withAdditionalNotes,byAlanBassTHEHARVESTERPRESSbFirstpublishedinGreatBritaininbyTHEHARVESTERPRESSLIMITEDPublisher:JohnSpiersShipStreet,Brighton,Sussex©byTheUniversityofChicagoThisworkwaspublishedinParisunderthetitleMargesdeinphilosophic,©byLesEditionsdeMinuitBritishLibrarycataloguinginPublicationDataDerrida,JacquesMarginsofphilosophyPhilosophyITitleIIMargesdeIaphilosophieEnglishBDISBNManufacturedintheUnitedStatesofAmericaAllrightsreservedContentsTranslator'sNoteviiTympanixDifféranceOusiaandGramme:NoteonaNotefromBeingandTimeThePitandthePyramid:IntroductiontoHegel'sSemiologyTheEndsofManTheLinguisticCircleofGenevarFormandMeaning:ANoteonthePhenomenologyofLanguageTheSupplementofCopula:PhilosophybeforeLinguisticsWhiteMythology:MetaphcirintheTextofPhilosophyQualQueue:Valery'sSourcepSignatureEventContextV'lianslator'sNoteManyoftheseessayshavebeentranslatedbeforeAlthoughallthetranslationsinthisvolumeare"new"and"myown"thequotationmarksservinghere,asDerridamightsay,asanadequateprecautionIhavebeengreatlyassistedinmyworkbyconsulting:"Differance,"transDavidAllison,inSpeechandPhenomena(Evanston:NorthwesternUniversityPress,)"OusiaandGrammé,"transEdwardCasey,inPhenomenologyinPerspective,edFJosephSmith(TheHague:Nijhoff,)"TheEndsofMan,"transEdouardMorotSir,WesleyCPuisol,HubertLDreyfus,andBarbaraReid,PhilosophyandPhenomenologicalResearch,no()"FormandMeaning,"transDavidAllison,inSpeechandPhenomena"TheSupplementofCopula,"transJamesSCreechandJosueHarrari,TheGeorgiaReview()"WhiteMythology,"transFCTMoore,NewLiteraryHistory,no()"SignatureEventContext,"transSamuelWeberandJeffreyMehlman,Glyph:JohnsHopkinsTextualStudies()AlthoughIreaditaftercompletingtheworkonthisvolume,IbelievethatPhilipLewis's"VersIatraductionabusive"(inLesfinsdel'hommepartirdutravaildeJacquesDerrida,Paris:Galilee,)containsthecriteriabywhichalltranslationsofDerridawillbejudgedALANBAssNewYorkCityJulyVIITympanThethesisandantithesisandtheirproofsthereforerepresentnothingbuttheoppositeassertions,thatalimitis(eineGrenzeist),andthatthelimitequallyisonlyasublated(aufgehobenerelevé)onethatthelimithasabeyondwithwhichhoweveritstandsinrelation(inBeziehungsteit),andbeyondwhichitmustpass,butthatindoingsotherearisesanothersuchlimit,whichisnolimitThesolutionoftheseantinomies,asofthosepreviouslymentioned,istranscendental,thatisHegel,ScienceofLogicTheessenceofphilosophyprovidesnoground(bodenlos)preciselyforpeculiarities,andinordertoattainphilosophy,itisnecessary,ifitsbodyexpressesthesumofitspeculiarities,thatitcastitselfintotheabyssacorpsperdu(sichacorpsperduhineinzusfürzen)Hegel,TheDifferencebetweentheFichteanandSchellingianSystemsofPhilosophyTheneedforphilosophycanbeexpressedasitspresuppositionifasortofvestibule(eineArtvonVorhof)issupposedtobemadeforphilosophy,whichbeginswithitselfIbidTotympanize'phiosophyBeingatthelimit:thesewordsdonotyetformaproposition,andevenlessadiscourseButthereisenoughinthem,providedthatoneplaysuponit,toengenderalmostallthesentencesinthisbookDoesphilosophyansweraneedHowisittobeunderstoodPhilosophyTheneedAmpletothepointofbelievingitselfinterminable,adiscoursethathascalleditselfphilosophydoubtlesstheonlydiscoursethathaseverintendedtoreceiveitsnameonlyfromitself,andhasneverceasedmurmuringitsinitiallettertoitselffromascloseaspossiblehasalways,includingitsown,meanttosayitslimitInthefamiliarityofthelanguagescalled(institutedas)naturalbyphilosophy,thelanguageselementarytoit,thisdiscoursehasalwaysinsisteduponassuringitselfmasteryoverthelimit(peras,limes,Grenze)Ithasrecognized,conceived,posited,declinedthelimitaccordingtoallpossiblemodesandthereforebythesametoken,inorderbettertodisposeofthelimit,hastransgresseditItsownlimithadnottoremainforeigntoitThereforeithasappropriatedtheconceptforitselfithasbelievedthatitcontrolsthemarginofitsvolumeandthatitthinksitsotherPhilosophyhasalwaysinsisteduponthis:thinkingitsotherItsother:thatwhichlimitsit,andfromwhichitderivesitsessence,itsdefinition,itsproductionTothinkitsother:doesthisamountsolelyto(aufheben)thatfromwhichitderives,toheadtheprocessionofitsmethodonly"AndIhavechosen,asthesignbeneathwhichtoplacethem,theentirelyfloralandsubterraneannameofPersephone,whichisthusextractedfromitsdarkterrestrialdepthsandliftedtotheheavensofachapterheadingTheacanthusleavecopiedinschoolwhen,forbetterorforworse,onelearnstousethefusain,thestemofamorninggloryorotherclimbingplant,thehelixinscribedontheshellofasnail,themeandersofthesmallandthelargeintestine,thesandyserpentineexcretedbyanearthworm,thecurlofchildishhairencasedinamedallion,theputridsimulacrumTranslator'snote(hereafterabbreviatedas"TN")InFrench,tVrnpaniserisanarchaicverbmeaningtocriticize,toridiculepubliclyIhavetransliteratedithereTNOnDerrida'stranslationofthelIegeliantermaufizebenasrelever,seebelow,"Ladifferance,"note,forasystemofnotesThereisanuntranslatableplayofwordshere:"Pensersonautre:celarevientilseulementarek'ver(aufheben)Cedontelk'reUve"xTympanbypassingthelimitOrindeeddoesthelimit,obliquely,bysurprise,alwaysreserveonemoreblowforphilosophicalknowledgeLimitpassageInpropagatingthisquestionbeyondtheprecisecontextfromwhichIhavejustextractedit(theinfinityofthequantuminthegreaterLogicandthecritiqueoftheKantianantinomies),almostconstantly,inthisbook,IshallbeexaminingtherelevanceofthelimitAndthereforerelaunchingineverysensethereadingoftheHegelianAufhebung,eventuallybeyondwhatHegel,inscribingit,understoodhimselftosayorintendedtomean,beyondthatwhichisinscribedontheinternalvestibuleofhisearThisimpliesavestibuleinadelicate,differentiatedstructurewhoseorificesmayalwaysremainunfindable,andwhoseentryandexitmaybebarelypassableandimpliesthatthetextHegel'sforexamplefunctionsasawritingmachineinwhichacertainnumberoftypedandsystematicallyenmeshedpropositions(onehastobeabletorecognizeandisolatethem)representthe"consciousintention"oftheauthorasareaderofhis"own"text,inthesensewespeaktodayofamechanicalreaderHere,thelessonofthefinitereadercalledaphilosophicalauthorisbutonepiece,occasionallyandincidentallyinteresting,ofthemachineToinsistuponthinkingitsother:itsproperother,theproperofitsother,anotherproperInthinkingitassuch,inrecognizingit,onemissesitOnereappropriatesitforoneonemissesit,orratheronemisses(the)missing(of)it,which,asconcernstheother,drawnbyaslightpressureofthefingersfromaperelacolique,*themarblingsthatbloomontheedgesofcertainboundbooks,thecurvedwroughtiron,"modernstyle,"oftheMetroentries,theinterlaceofembroideredfiguresonsheetsandpillowcases,thekisscurlpastedwithgreaseonthecheekboneofaprostituteintheolddaysofCasqued'or,thethinandbrownerbraidofthesteelcable,thethickandblcnderoneofthestringcable,thecerebralconvolutionsexemplifiedby,whenyoueatit,muttonbrains,thecorkscrewingofthevine,theimage*TNApêrelacoliqueisasmallporcelaintoyrepresentinganoldmansittingonatoiletseatWhenacertainproductisputintoit,itexcretesTNRelevanceisnottheEnglish"relevance"butaneologismfromthetranslationofaufhebenasreleverLikeAuhebungitisanounderivedfromagerundTNLepropreisoneofthekeytermsofthisbookInFrench,proprecanmeanboth"proper"and"own,"asherewithsonpropreautre,itsownother,theotherpropertoitIhavesometimesgivensimply"proper,"andsometimes"own,proper"(eg"itsown,properother")Seealso"Ladifférance,"notexiTympanalwaysamountstothesameBetweentheproperoftheotherandtheotheroftheproperIfphilosophyhasalwaysintended,fromitspointofview,tomaintainitsrelationwiththenonphilosophical,thatistheantiphilosophical,withthepracticesandknowledge,empiricalornot,thatconstituteitsother,ifithasconstituteditselfaccordingtothispurposiveententewithitsoutside,ifithasalwaysintendedtohearitselfspeak,inthesamelanguage,ofitselfandofsomethingelse,canone,strictlyspeaking,determineanonphilosophicalplace,aplaceofexteriorityoralterityfromwhichonemightstilltreatofphilosophyIsthereanyrusenotbelongingtoreasontopreventphilosophyfromstillspeakingofitself,fromborrowingitscategoriesfromthelogosoftheother,byaffectingitselfwithoutdelay,onthedomesticpageofitsowntympanum(stillthemuffleddrum,thetympanon,theclothstretchedtautinordertotakeitsbeating,toamortizeimpressions,tomakethetypes(typoi)resonate,tobalancethestrikingpressureofthetyptein,betweentheinsideandtheoutside),withheterogeneouspercussionCanoneviolentlypenetratephilosophy'sfieldoflisteningwithoutitsimmediatelyevenpretendinginadvance,byhearingwhatissaidofit,bydecodingthestatementmakingthepenetrationresonatewithinitself,appropriatingtheemissionforitself,familiarlycommunicatingittoitselfbetweentheinnerandmiddleear,followingthepathofatubeorinneropening,beitroundorovalInotherwords,canonepuncturethetympanumofaphilosopherandstillbeheardandunderstoodbyhimTophilosophizewithahammerZarathustrabeginsbyaskinghimselfifhewillhavetopuncturethem,battertheirears(MussmanihnenerstdieOhrenzersclzlagen),withthesoundofcymbalsortympani,theinstruments,always,ofsomeDionyxliofwhatlaterwillbeoncethejuicehasbeenbottledthecorkscrew(itselfprefiguringtheendlessscrewofdrunkenness),thecirculationoftheblood,theconchaoftheear,thesinuouscurvesofapath,everythingthatiswreathed,coiled,flowered,garlanded,twisted,arabesque,thespur(whichformypurposeshereIwillimagineinaspiral)ofanespadon,thetwistsofaram'shorn,allthisIbelieveuncoveredinthenameofPersephone,potentially,awaitingonlyanimperceptibleclicktosetitoffliketheribbonofsteeltightlywoundonitselfinthemidstofthepinionsofaclockworkorthespringintheclosedcoverboxfromwhichthebristlybeardeddevilThehammer,asiswellknown,belongstothechainofsmallbones,alongwiththeanvilandthestirrupItisplacedontheinternalsurfaceofthetympanicmembraneItalwayshastheroleofmediationandcommunication:ittransmitssonicvibrationstothechainofsmallbones,andthentotheinnerearBichatrecognizedthatithasanotherparadoxicalfunctionThissmallhoneprotectsthetympanumwhileactinguponit"Withoutit,thetvmpanumwouldbeaffectedpainfullybyvibrationssetupbytoopowerfulsounds"Thehammer,thus,canweakentheblows,mufflethemonthethresholdoftheinnerearThelatterthelabyrinthincludesavestibule,thesemicircularcanals,acochlea(withitstwospirals),thatis,twoorgansofbalanceandoneorganofhearingPerhapsweshallpenetrateitmoredeeplylaterForthemoment,itsufficestomarktheroleofthemiddleear:ittendstoequalizetheacousticresistanceoftheairandtheresistanceofthelabyrinthineliquids,tobalanceinternalpressuresandexternalpressuresxiiiTympansianismInordertoteachthem"tohearwiththeireyes"tooButwewillanalyzethemetaphysicalexchange,thecircularcomplicityofthemetaphorsoftheeyeandtheearButinthestructureofthetympanumthereissomethingcalledthe"luminoustriangle"ItisnamedinLesChantsdeMaldoror(II),veryclosetoa"grandiosetrinity"Butalongwiththistriangle,alongwiththeparstensaofthetympanon,thereisalsofoundthehandleofa"hammer"Inordereffectively,practicallytotransformwhatonedecries(tympanizes),mustonestillbeheardandunderstoodwithinit,henceforthsubjectingoneselftothelawoftheinnerhammerInrelayingtheinnerhammer,oneriskspermittingthenoisiestdiscoursetoparticipateinthemostserene,leastdisturbed,bestservedeconomyofphilosophicalironyWhichistosay,andexamplesofthismetaphysicaldrummingarenotlackingtoday,thatintakingthisrisk,onerisksnothingFromphilosophytoseparateoneself,inordertodescribeanddecryitslaw,inthedirectionoftheabsoluteexteriontyofanotherplaceButexteriorityandalterityareconceptswhichbythemselveshaveneversurprisedphilosophicaldiscoursePhilosophybyitselfhasalwaysbeenconcernedwiththemThesearenottheconceptualheadingsunhasnotyetemergedTherefore,essentially,inquestionisaspiralednameormorebroadly:acurvedname,butwhosegentlenessisnottobeconfusedwiththealwaysmoreorlesslenitivecharacterofthatwhichhasbeendulled,sincequitetothecontrarywhatispiercingandpenetratingaboutitisconfirmedbytherapprochementtobemadebetweenthesyllablesthatcomposeitsnameandthesyllablesformingthecivilstatusoftheinsectcalledinFrenchperceoreille(earpiercer)andinEnglish,"earwig"lFornotonlydo"PerTympanderwhichphilosophy'sbordercanbeoverflowedtheoverflowisitsobjectInsteadofdeterminingsomeothercircumscription,recognizingit,practicingit,bringingittolight,formingit,inawordproducingit(andtodaythiswordservesasthecrudest"newclothes"ofthemetaphysicaldenegationwhichaccommodatesitselfverywelltoalltheseprojects),inquestionwillbe,butaccordingtoamovementunheardofbyphilosophy,anotherwhichisnolongeritsotherButbyrelatingittosomethingtowhichithasnorelation,isonenotimmediatelypermittingoneselftobeencodedbyphilosophicallogos,tostandunderitsbannerCertainly,exceptbywritingthisrelationshipfollowingthemodeofanonrelationshipaboutwhichitwouldbedemonstratedsimultaneouslyorobliquelyonthephilosophicalsurfaceofthediscoursethatnophilosophemewilleverhavebeenpreparedtoconformtoitortranslateitThiscanonlybewrittenaccordingtoadeformationofthephilosophicaltympanumMyintentionisnottoextractfromthequestionofmetaphoroneofthemostcontinuousthreadsofthisftheobliqueThisisalso,thematically,therouteofDisseminationWeknowthatthemembraneofthetympanum,athinandsephone"and"perceoreille"bothbeginwiththesameallusiontotheideaof"piercing"(lessdecidedinPersephone,becauseoftheswhichimpartssomethingundulatingandgrassy,chimericalandfleeting,tothename,totheextentthatonemightbetempted,byexecutinganeasymetathesis,tocallhertheFayPerson),buttheoneandtheotherendwithanappealtothesenseofhearing,whichisovertlyinplay,fortheinsect,duetotheenunciationoftheword"ear"(thatis,Withoutaninventoryofallthesexualinvestmentswhich,everywhereandatalltimes,powerfullyconstrainthediscourseoftheear,IshallgiveanexampleheretoindicatethetopicsofthematerialleftinthemarginsThehornthatiscalledpavilion(papilion)isaphallusfortheDogonandBambaraofMali,andtheauditorycanalavagina(TNPavilioninFrenchhasmultiplemeaningsHere,thereferenceistotheendofthehorncalledthebellinEnglishitalsodesignatesthevisiblepartoftheearFurther,bothsensesofpavilionjustgivenderivefromitsoldersenseof"militarytent,"becauseofsuchtents'conicshapeFinally,pavilioncanalsomeanflagorbanner,asinthesentenceabovethatendswiththephrase"standunderitsbanner(paviiion)"JSpeechisthespermindispensableforinsemination(Conceptionthroughtheear,allofphilosophyonecouldsay)Itdescendsthroughthewoman'sear,andisrolledupinaspiralaroundthewombWhichishardlyverydistantfromArianism(fromthenameAnus,ofcourse,apriestfromAlexandria,thefatherofAnianjsm,ahereticaldoctrineoftheconceptionintheTrinity),fromhomoousios,andfromalltherecordsoftheNiceneCouncilCfespecially"Ladoubleséance"l"TheDoubleSession,"inDissemination,transBarbaraJohnson(Chicago:UniversityofChicagoPress,))xivTympantransparentpartitionseparatingtheauditorycanalfromthemiddleear(thecavity),isstretchedobliquely(loxös)Obliquelyfromabovetobelow,fromoutsidetoinside,andfromthebacktothefrontThereforeitisnotperpendiculartotheaxisofthecanalOneoftheeffectsofthisobliquenessistoincreasethesurfaceofimpressionandhencethecapacityofvibrationIthasbeenobserved,particularlyinbirds,thatprecisionofhearingisindirectproportiontotheobliquenessofthetympanumThetympanumsquintsConsequently,toluxatethephilosophicalear,tosettheloxOsinthelogostowork,istoavoidfrontalandsymmetricalprotest,oppositioninalltheformsofanti,orinanycasetoinscribeantismandoverturning,domesticdenegation,inanentirelyotherformofambush,oflokhos,oftextualmaneuversUnderwhatconditions,then,couldonemark,foraphiosophemeingeneral,alimit,amarginthatitcouldnotinfinitelyreappropriate,conceiveasitsown,inadvanceengenderingandinterningtheprocessofitsexpropriation(Hegelagain,always),proceedingtoitsinversionbyitselfHowtounbalancethepressuresthatcorrespondtoeachoftheorganbymeansofwhichauditorysensationspenetrateintous),andlessdirectlyinplayforthegoddessbymeansofthesuffixphone,alsofoundin"telephone"and"gramophone,"thelatterbeinganinstrumentforwhichismoreappropriatethantheformertheveryeuphonicendingthatbeautifullydefinesitasamusicalmechanismTheinsectwhoseprincipalworkistognawontheinsideoffruitpitsinordertotakesubsistencefromthem,andOntheproblematicofoverturninganddisplacement,seeDisseminationandPositions(Chicago:UniversityofChicagoPress,)Toluxate,totympanizephilosophicalautismisneveranoperationu'ithintheconceptandwithoutsomecarnageoflanguageThusitbreaksopentheroof,theclosedspiralunityofthepalateItproliferatesoutsidetothepointofnolongerbeingunderstoodItisnolongeratongueHematographicmusic"Sexualjubilationisachoiceofglottis,ofthesplinterofthecystofadentalrootachoiceofoticcanal,ofthebadauricularringing,ofaba

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*应求重贴*【德里达】哲学的边缘(英文版)

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