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首页 *应求重贴*【鲍德里亚】忘却福柯

*应求重贴*【鲍德里亚】忘却福柯.pdf

*应求重贴*【鲍德里亚】忘却福柯

九月虺
2009-09-29 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《*应求重贴*【鲍德里亚】忘却福柯pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

SEMIOTEXT(E)FOREIGNAGENTSSERIESOriginallypublishedinasOublierFoucault,EditionGalilee,ParisThistranslationfirstappearedas"ForgettingFoucault"inHumanitiesinSociety,Volume,NumberandisreprintedbypermissionofthepublisherCopyright©Semiotext(e)AllrightsreservedNopartofthisbookmaybereproduced,storedinaretrievalsystem,ortransmittedbyanymeans,electronic,mechanical,photo­copying,recording,orotherwise,withoutpriorpermissionofthepublisherPublishedbySemiotext(e)WilshireBlvd,Suite,LosAngeles,CAwwwsemlotextecom"ForgetBaudrillard"istranslatedbyPhilBeitchman,LeeHildreth,andMarkPolizzottiSpecialthankstoAndrewBerardini,ChristophCox,JaredElms,RonaldGottesman,RahulGovind,LewanneJones,ChristopherMays,NicholasZurkoandJoeWeissCoverArtby:JosephineMeckseperUntitled(Vitrine),,Mixedmediaindisplaywindow,xxemCourtesyoftheartistandElizabethDee,NewYorkBackCoverPhotography:MarineBaudrillardDesign:HediElKhoItiISBNI:ISBN:DistributedbyTheMITPress,Cambridge,MassandLondon,EnglandPrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmericaJeanBaudrillardIntroductionandInterviewbySylvereLotringerTranslatedbyNicoleDufresne<>ContentsIntroduction:ExterminatingAngelFORGETFOUCAULTPOSTFACE:FORGETBAUDRILLARDAnInterviewwithSylvereLotringerSylvereLotringerExterminatingAngelIntroductiontoForgetFoucaultINDECEMBERJeanBaudrillardsentalongreviewessayofMichelFoucault'sTheWilltoKnowledge,recentlypublishedinParis,totheprestigiousFrenchjournalCritiquefoundedbyGeorgesBataille(Foucaultwasontheeditorialboard)Itstitle,"ForgetFoucault,"leftlittledoubtabouttheauthor'sintentionsItwasn'tjustacritiqueofthebook,butapamphletchallenginghisentireoeuvreTheessaywasneverpublishedinCritiqueItcameoutinstead,separately,asabookafewmonthslaterForgetFoucault,tomymind,isbyfarthebestintroductiontoBaudrillard'sworkIintendedtopublishitamongthefirstthreebooksofthenew"ForeignAgents"series,whichstartedin,buttheattackonFoucaultmadeitabitproblematicTakingonafellowphilosopherpublicly,letaloneaphilosopherofFoucault'sstature,wassomethingrare,andnotonlyinFranceInsteadIpublishedBaudrillard'sSimulations,whichbecameabestsellerofsorts,especiallyintheartworldFoucault'sdeathoneyearlaterfurtherdelayedthepublicationofthepamphletItwasfinallyMichelFoucault,HistoryofSexuality,:TheWilltoKnowledgeHS,trRobertHurley,NewYork,Pantheon,(French,)JeanBaudrillard,DublierFoucault,Paris,Galilee,releasedinEnglishinwithadoubletitle:ForgetFoucaultForgetBaudrillardandareversiblecover,asifonecovercouldcanceltheotherout,makingitlesssacrilegious"ForgetBau­drillard"wasalongdialogueIhadwithBaudrillardin,fouryearsafterwefirstmetinLosAngelesanddiscussedtheprojectThisseriesofmishapsandpostponementsbothinFranceandintheUnitedStates,hasalottodowiththepeculiarstrategyBaudrillardinauguratedwiththispamphletBaudrillardwroteitshortlyafterpublishingSymbolicExchangeandDeath,themostsweepingexpositionofhismainthesisuntilthenFewpeoplerealizedhowcloselythetwobookswerecon­nectedInterestingly,SymbolicExchangewasreleasedbyEditionsGallimardinthesamerenownedseries,BibliothequedesScienceshumainesLibraryoftheHumanSciencesaswasFoucault'sTheOrderofThingsThetwobooks,however,didn'telicitacompara­blereaction,orfirethesameintensecontroversiesActuallySymbolicExchangeandDeathattractedlittleattentioninFranceandwouldn'tbepublishedinEnglishuntilyearslaterBythenBaudrillardhadbecomefamousinAmericaforhisdeadpan,seem­inglynihilisticviewsofconsumersocietyNoteveryonerecognizedhimasapowerfulandidiosyncraticthinkerAndwhileheisstillknowntodayforhisparadoxicalpositions,orextravagantformula­tions,noteveryonerealizesthattheseformulationsderivefromanimpeccablephilosophicalcore,andthattheirglitteringeffectsarebasedonsolidscholarshipJeanBaudrillard,SymbolicExchangeandDeathSE,trlainHamiltonGrant,London,Sage,()MichelFoucault,TheOrderofThings,tranon,NewYork,Pantheon,()ForgotFoucaultSymbolicExchangeandDeathwasn'taseasyto"place"intellec­tuallyasanyofFoucault'sworksAlthoughitaddressedanumberofissuescurrentatthetime,itdidn'tlooklikeanythingelsethatwasbeingpublishedinFranceduringthatperiodItdidn'tseemtobelongthere,oranywhereforthatmatterItwasasifithadfallenfromouterspaceEvenBaudrillard'suseoftheword"symbolic"wasconfusingItdidn'tquitefitwiththewayClaudeLeviStraussorJacquesLacanwereusingitatthetimeItdidn'thelpeitherthathisdualistic(confrontational)approachtocultureseemedtorein­statethekindofbinarismpostStructuralistphilosophershadbeentryingtoeliminateUntilthenBaudrillardwasmostlyknownasaselftaughtsoci­ologistdrawntoSituationistideas,theauthorofseveralessaysunravelingboththelogicofconsumersociety{itexchangessigns,notgoods)andtheMarxistanalysisthatclaimedtoaccountforit(itsusevaluewasjustafictionofexchangevalue)InConsumerSociety,hedemonstratedaswellthatideologicalcritique,anycounterdiscoursereally,remainedimmanenttowhatitmeanttoopposeInthelastresorteventheSituationistswerecomplicittothespectacle(Theirconcreteattemptstooffsetits"alienatingeffect"throughexperientialdriftsanddetournementswerecer­tainlymoreimaginative,buthardlyconclusive)Baudrillardwantedtoachievesomethingmoreradical,onamuchlargerscale:notsuspendmomentarilythesemioticcodetheprincipleofequivalencethatregulatedtheflowsofcapitalbutdestroyitDestroy,hesaid"Onlytotalrevolution,theoreticalandpractical,canrestorethesymbolicinthedemiseofthesignandofvalueJeanBaudrillard,ConsumerSociety,trGeorgeRizer,London,Sage,ThousandOaks,Introduction:ExtorrninatingAngelEvensignsmustburn,"heproclaimedinForaCritiqueofthePoliticalEconomyoftheSignThiswaseasiersaidthandoneItwasbecomingdoubtfulatthetimewhetheranyclass(letalonethefamousworkingclass)couldeverachievethatfeatForgettingrev­olutionand"radicalcritique,"Baudrillardfinallytookthetaskintohisownhands,challengingcapitalismtoprovokeitsowndemiseItisstillworkingonitSleepingwiththeEnemyThiswasamajorshiftinpoliticaltheoryActually,andcontrarytoallappearances,itwasn'tunlikewhatGillesDeleuzeandFelixGuat­tariadvocatedinAntiOedipus,orMichelFoucaultinDisciplineandPunish,inthewakeofMay'Itwasn'tjustcoincidentalthatGuattariandBaudrillardatonepointbelongedtothesameMaoistgrouporthat,in,BaudrillardhappenedtobeteachingwithHenriLefebvreattheUniversityofNanterre,vortexoftheuprisingAllofthemcamefromthesameplacepolitically:thefarleftMostFrenchintellectualsatthetimebelongedthereThereweren'tmanyotheroptionsavailableMarxistrhetoricinpoliticshadbottomedoutThestudentrebellionhadprovedatleastonething:theFrenchCommunistParty,tradeunionsandtheworkingclasstheentireinstitutionallefthadceasedtoberevolutionaryThecommunistJeanBaudrillard,ForaCritiqueofthePoliticalEconomyoftheSign,trCharlesLevin,StLouis,Mo,TelosPress,()GillesDeleuzeandFelixGuattari,AntiOedipus,trRobertHurley,MarkSeem,lielenLane,NewYork,Viking()MichelFoucault,DisciplineandPunish,trAlanSheridanNewYork,Pantheon(S)bureaucracyhadn'tthrownitsmightonthesideofthestudentrevoltInsteaditpressedthebesiegedgovernmentforsalaryincreasesWhentheItalianCommunistslatercrucifiedtheAutonomiaMove­ment,falselyassociatingthemwiththeterroristredbrigade,thatwastheendofcreativeleftisminEuropeNowonderFrenchpost'thinkers,Baudrillardincluded,lookedsomewhereelseforrevolutionaryalternativesFailingtoenlisttheirallies,theyresolvedtosleepwiththeenemyItwasaboldtheoreticalmove,outdoingMarxinhisanalysisofcapitalAllofthe"childrenofMay,"revolutionariesbereftofarevolution,turnedtocapitalism,eagertoextractitssubversiveenergytheynolongerfoundintraditionalclassstrugglesUpdatingthetheoryofpowerandthefluctuationsofsubjectivitytotheerraticshiftsofthesemioticcode,theyassumedthattheycouldredirectitsflo�sandreleaseintheirwakenew"deterritorialized"figurespsychoticcre­ativity,desire,nomadism,becomingrevolutionaryinspiteoftheabrupt"reterritorializations"thatthesystemwasboundtoimposeinordertoinsureitsownsurvival(Deterritorializationsresultfromtheabsolutedecodificationofcapital)Baudrillarddidn'tdisagreewiththemonthenatureofthebeast,onlyontheextentofthedamageContrarytothem,hemaintainedthattheirwillfuldistinctionsbetweenvarious"regimesofmadness,"orbetweenthresholdsandgradientsofintensity(nec­essarytoidentifythedirectionandconsistencyoftheflows)couldnotholdanymoreLibidinaldistinctionswouldprovepowerlesstostemtheflowHesawthemasdoomedattemptstoreintroduceamodicumofhumanagencyinaprocessthathadbecomebothirre­versible(linear,cumulative)andinhumanEnergeticandintense,capitalwasgraduallygnawingawayateverysingularitySimulatingitsfluidity,theyhadbeenengulfedbyitRevolutionhadcomeandIntroduction:ExterminatingAngelgonetheyarrivedtoolate,onedayaftertheorgy,likeKafka'sMessiahBoldlygoingbeyondMarx,theyhadsimplylosttheirmoorings"Theoreticalproduction,likematerialproduction,"Baudrillardwrote,"losesitsdeterminacyandbeginstoturnarounditself,slippingenabymetowardsarealitythatcannotbefoundThisiswherewearetoday:indeterminacy,theeraoffloatingtheories,asmuchasfloatingmoney"(SE,p)AlltheeffortstoenlistcapitalismontheirsidewereboundtofailTheonlywayoutofthemorasswasaradicalleapoffaith,aflightintotheunknownOnlyanabsolutedeterritorializationoftheoryitselfcouldmeettheabsolutechallengeofcapitalThisiswhatBaudrillardmeantbyatotalrevolution:astrategygearedtoescalatethesystemandpushittoitsbreakingpointThen,givinguponeverypretenceofrationality,itwouldstartrevolvingandachieveintheprocessacircularityofitsown:"Weknowthepotentialoftautologywhenitreinforcesthesystem'sclaimtoperfectsphericity(UbuRoi'sbelly)"(SE,p)Comingbackfullcircletohisearlypataphysicalroots,BaudrillardwastauntingcapitaltoemulateJarry'sabsurdismandshareinUbu'sgrotesquefateAfterall,wasn'tcapitalismitselfapata­physicalpropositionItwasendlesslycuttingthebranchonwhichitsits,devastatingtheplanetandendangeringthehumanspecieswhileclaimingtoimproveitslotCapitaldidn'tcareafigforthefateofhumanityTherealwasn'titsbusinessIthadcan­celledtheprincipleofrealityandsubstitutedacodificationofahigherorder,ahyperrealitythatmadetherealobsoleteItsdirgelikeflowswereselfreferential,leavingeverythingelseinastateofselfinducedsimulationTheflowsofcapitalwereposthumous,posthumanIntheirnihilisticenergy,theycarriedtheseedsoftheirowndestructionOnlyUbu,Jarry'struculentForgetFoucaulthero,thecowardkingcannibalizinghisownentourage,andhimselfintheprocess,couldaccountforsuchabullishcynicismThesocietyofthespectaclewasturningintoasoftversionofthetheaterofcruelty,aburlesqueofdeathwiththeglobeasitsstageLifewasbeingexchangedfornothing,forahandfulofglitteringtoys,workabsorbedtimelikeaspongeandleftnotracesBau­drillardwasn'ttheexterminator,butthesystemitselfYetnoonewaspayIngattentIonInhisBastilledays,DeSadechallengedFrenchregicidestodrawrevolutionouttoitsmostextrememoralconclusions:"Fel­lowcompatriots,alastditcheffortisrequiredifyoureallywanttoearnthenameofRepublican!"Alreadyspinninghimselfsillywiththesystemlikeanautisticchild,BaudrillardwasreadytomaketheextramileHewouldbethefoolofcapitalandwaveitsGoodNewsallaroundlikealantern:"Everysystemthatapproachesper­fectoperativitysimultaneouslyapproachesitsdownfallitapproachesabsolutepowerandtotalabsurditythatis,immediateandprobablesubversionAgentlepushintherightplaceisenoughtobringitcrashingdown"(E,p)BewareofgentlepataphysicianswithabighammerExcludingdeathBythetimeBaudrillardconceivedthiscollapse,thegeneralout­lookofsocietyhadchangeddrasticallyBytheearlys,workerswerealreadybecomingeagerconsumersSurplusvaluenolongerarosefromhardlaboritwascreatedthroughthecommoditySemioticequivalencebecamemorerealthanrealityAs"commu­nication"replacedproduction,workerswerebeing"alienated"notIntroduction:ExterminatingAngelatwork,butathomeintheirdailylivesClassstrugglenolongerappliedItwasthebeginningoftheassemblylife,sociallifecolo­nizedbythecommodityBaudrillard'sthoughtenjoysaspecialstatusinFrenchtheory,providingabridgebetweenthehighmodernistthinkersofthesandsandpoststructuralistthought,whichsoughttoreviseMarxiananalysisinlightoftheincreasedabstractionofcapitalismWhiletheSituationistssoughttoreclaimlifethroughtheirdetournements,BaudrillardturnedtodeathasanallyRereadingHegelthroughNietzsche,herealizedthatdebtsalwaysprecededexchangeAsparedslavecouldneverbefreeofthemaster'sgiftofhislifeFoucaultsaidthesamethinginconclusiontohisWilltoKnowledge,thebookBaudrillardwasostensibly�hallengingFou­caultremindedhisreadersthat,inancientcultures,therighttokillwasadissymmetricaloneInreality,itwas"therighttotakelifeorletlive"AndBaudrillardsays:"Contrarytowhatwemightimagine,powerisneverthepowerofputtingsomeonetodeath,butexactlytheopposite"Powerconsistsof"unilateralgiving(oflifeinpartic­ular)"(E,pp,)Foucaultwastalkingaboutdeath'sabsoluteformduringperiodswhenthesovereigncouldexercisetherighttokillinordertoensurehisownsurvivalInmoderntimes,thissym­bolicrightsubsistedbut,Foucaultestimated,onlyina"relativeandlimited"formThemechanismsofpowerhaddramaticallychangedInsteadofdestroyinglife,themechanismsofpowerman­ageditinallsortsofwaysAsaresult,to"letlive"wassubstitutedapowerto"fosterlife,"therebydisqualifyingdeathandtheritualsthataccompaniedit"Nowitisoverlife,throughitsunfolding,"Foucaultwrote,"thatpowerestablishesitsdominiondeathispower'slimit,theForgetFoucaultInomentthatescapesitdeathbecomesthemostsecretaspectofexistence,themost"private"WhileFoucaultwentontoexplorewhat"toseizeholdoflife"reallymeantintermsoftheadministra­tionofbodiesandlives,thispointbecamepivotalinBaudrillard'sthinkingButcouldthesedisciplinedbodies,theselivesnewlymodulatedbyacreativebiopower,stillbecalledlivesFoucaultbrieflyenvisagedthepossibilityofa"resistance,"butneverelabo­ratedonitspossiblenatureortheconditionsinwhichitcouldbeexertedOnecouldarguethatFoucaultvindicatedBaudrillard'sthesisbydefaultOnlylifepushedtothelimit,tomomentsthatescapedthesystemofequivalence,couldrenderpowerpowerlessGivingone'slifeawayacountergiftwastheonlypresentthatcouldn'tbereciprocatedRestoringthePotlatchFrenchsociologistMarcelMausshadrediscoveredtracesofthisagonisticreciprocityinaradicalcustom"potlatch"practicedamongtribesoftheAmericanNorthwestlOPotlatchwasthesumptuarysacrificeofaccumulatedwealthWhoeverwasreadytosacrificeeverything,evenlifeitself,carriedthedayT�isorganizingprincipleofprimitiveeconomieswas"symbolicexchange"and,Baudrillardassumed,itsghoststillwassecretlyhauntingcontem­porarysocietyExchangewasarationalizedversionofthissymbolicviolence"Givingback"couldbeachallengetothecapitalistsystemMichelFoucault,TheHistoryofSexuality,Opecit,pMarcelMauss,TheGift:theFormandReasonforExchangeinArchaicSocieties,trWDHalls,NewYork,Norton,(),Introduction:ExterminatingAngelCouldpotlatchbereactivatedagainstcapitalisticformsofequiva­lenceanddeath(hencelife)bereturnedtothesystem"Thingsmustbepushedtothelimit,wherequitenaturallytheycollapseandareinverted"(SE,p)Butwasthesaturationofthesemi­oticcodeenoughbyitselftotriggersymbolicexchangeagainAndwherewouldthispushcomefromItwouldhavetocomefromthesystemitselfMaybesymbolicexchangecouldofferthesys­temsomethingitcouldn'tabsorbwithoutselfdestructing'�ninfinitesimalinjectionofdeathwouldimmediatelycreatesuchexcessandambivalencethatthecirculationofvalueandtheprin­cipleofequivalencewouldcompletelycollapse"Deathwouldactsimultaneouslyinbothdirections"Deathmustbeplayedagainstdeath:aradicaltautologythatmakesthesystem'sownlogictheultimateweapon"(SE,p)Baudrillard'sconceptofsymbolicexchangewasreversibilityachallengetothedeathbymeansofdeathButdeathasaform,aspecificritualandprotocol,notacontentOnlythisform,perhaps,alone,couldbelongtoahigherorderthanthecodeBaudrillardwasrecastingsymbolicexchangeinlightofFreud'sdeathdrive,whichinvolvesboththesystemanditscounterfinalityFreudconceiveditasamyththattoldsomethingabouttheorga­nizationofourcultureButthesame,ofcourse,wouldapplytoBaudrillard'ssystemitselfBaudrillard'sconceptofsymbolicexchangecouldbeseenashisownculturalmyth,notrueramyththanFoucault'sdiscourseabouttruthSymbolicexchangemaybeahallucinationoftheory,thekindofelusiveanthropologicalcon­structthatisneededinordertoupsetthediscourseofgeneralizedequivalenceThisdoesnotmakeitanyless'true'EventhoughAntoninArtaudmythologizedtheLandoftheTarahumaras,hisdescriptionswereanthropologicallyaccurateIronically,Baudrillard'sForgetFoucaulthallucinationoftheorylikeArtaud'smythoforiginoccursinadesert,ForBaudrillard,it'sanamericandesertadesertinthemidstofalandwithoutoriginororiginalBaudrillarddidn'tgroundhisthe

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