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首页 *应求重贴*【鲍德里亚研究】鲍德里亚的挑战:女性主义读解

*应求重贴*【鲍德里亚研究】鲍德里亚的挑战:女性主义读解.pdf

*应求重贴*【鲍德里亚研究】鲍德里亚的挑战:女性主义读解

九月虺
2009-09-29 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《*应求重贴*【鲍德里亚研究】鲍德里亚的挑战:女性主义读解pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

JeanBaudrillardisapivotalfigureincontemporaryculturaltheoryandthewholefieldofthesocialsciencesWithoutdoubtoneoftheforemostEuropeanthinkersofthelastfiftyyears,hisworkhasprovokeddebateandcontroversyacrossanumberofdisciplines,yethissignificancehassofarbeenlargelyignoredbyfeministtheoristsBaudrillard’sChallengeisanattempttoredressthisbalance,presentingthefirstsystematicfeministreadingofBaudrillard’sworkVictoriaGracearguesthatBaudrillard’scritiqueofsignification,theeconomy,andtheconstructionofidentityoffersavitalpointofdepartureforanyseriousanalysisoftheproblematicofpatriarchyincontemporarywesternsocietiesDrawingonthefullrangeofBaudrillard’swritingstheauthorengagesinadebatewith:•theworkofLuceIrigaray,JudithButler,andRosiBraidottionidentity,power,anddesire•thefeministconcernwith‘difference’asanemancipatoryconstruct•writingsontransgenderismandtheperformanceofgender•feministconcernsabouttheobjectificationofwomenThroughthiscriticalengagementGracerevealsanumberofthelimitationsofsomecontemporaryfeministtheorisingaroundgenderandidentity,patriarchyandpower,andinsodoingoffersawayforwardforcontemporaryfeministthoughtBaudrillard’sChallengewillbeessentialreadingforstudentsoffeministtheory,sociology,andculturaltheoryVictoriaGraceisSeniorLecturerinFeministStudiesandcurrentlyservingatermasDeanofArtsattheUniversityofCanterburyatChristchurchBaudrillard’sChallengeBaudrillard’sChallengeAfeministreadingVictoriaGraceLondonandew<orkFirstpublishedbyRoutledgeNewFetterLane,LondonECPEESimultaneouslypublishedintheUSAandCanadabyRoutledgeWestthStreet,NewYork,NYRoutledgeisanimprintoftheTaylorFrancisGroupThiseditionpublishedintheTaylorFranciseLibrary,©VictoriaGraceAllrightsreservedNopartofthisbookmaybereprintedorreproducedorutilisedinanyformorbyanyelectronic,mechanical,orothermeans,nowknownorhereafterinvented,includingphotocopyingandrecording,orinanyinformationstorageorretrievalsystem,withoutpermissioninwritingfromthepublishersBritishLibraryCataloguinginPublicationDataAcataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataGrace,VictoriaBaudrillard’schallenge:afeministreadingVictoriaGracepcmIncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexBaudrillard,JeanFeministtheoryITitleHQG´–dcISBN(hbk)ISBN(pbk)ISBNMasterebookISBNISBN(GlassbookFormat)AcknowledgementsviListofAbbreviationsixIntroductionIdeologiesofMeaningandValueTheFictionsofIdentity,Power,andDesireSimulated‘Difference’,Simulated‘Politics’HyperrealGendersTheInevitableSeductionFeminismandthePowerofDissolutionNotesBibliographyIndexContentsIntheacknowledgementstotheirbook,TheWorldoftheGift(),JacquesGodboutandAlainCaillénotehowitiscustomary,particularlyinworkswithinthesocialsciencesandhumanities,tonamethemanyindividualstowhomoneisindebtedfor‘anidea,acriticism,acomment,someinformationormaterial,oremotionalsupport’TheydrawouttheconnectionbetweengiftgivingandgratitudeInthecaseofthisbook,ithasbeenaverydifferentexperiencefromthatimpliedbythecustomtowhichGodboutandCailléreferIwasfirstintroducedtotheideasandworkofJeanBaudrillardbymypartner,LouisArnoux,whenwefirstmetinLouisisFrench,spentthefirsttwentyfiveyearsofhislifeinFrance,andwaseducatedinMarseillesandParisIhavelivedinNewZealandforthemostpartLouishasstudiedBaudrillard’sworksystematically,andreadhisbooksinFrenchwhenfirstpublishedWhenLouisandImet,Iwasworkingonmydoctorateinsociology,andfoundourdiscussionsandengagementwithBaudrillard’sworkofcentralimportancetomythesisresearchSincethattimemyunderstandingofBaudrillard’sworkhasbeeninextricablylinkedwithmyconversationswithLouisIjoinedtheDepartmentofFeministStudiesattheUniversityofCanterburyin,andbyaprojectwasstartingtoforminmymindtowriteabookontheworkofBaudrillardfromtheperspectiveoffeministconcernsMygratitudeandindebtednessliewhollywithLouis,fromwhom(andwithwhom)IhavelearntmorethanIcouldhaveimaginedLouishascontributedimmeasurablytomyideasonBaudrillard,andespeciallytotheimportanceofacritiqueofthe‘economic’,whichinmyownworkIhavecometoseehasprofoundimportanceforfeminismLouishasalsocontributedsuggestionsforFrenchreferencesthatIwouldnothaveotherwisestumbledacrossIhavearesearchinterestinfeministcritiquesofmedicalisation,psychosomaticmedicine,andtheoriesofembodiment,andaspecificresearchbackgroundinwomen’sexperiencesof,andmedicaldiscourseson,chronicpelvicpainIcouldlistnumerousindividualswhohavecontributedtomyworkinthisareaIfeelsurroundedbyatrulyrichanddynamicintellectualworldofideasandchallengesinthisconnection,andhavetheprivilegeofworkingwithpostgraduatestudentswhoseAcknowledgementsviiAcknowledgementsworkisinspirationalButinconnectionwiththisworkonBaudrillard,IhavenothadtheseconversationswithcolleaguesProbablythemostexhilaratingmomentwasreceivingthecommentsfromRoutledgereviewerswhohadreadtheproposalandthefirstchapterThiswasthefirstcontact(apartfromLouis)withpeerswhowereknowledgeableaboutBaudrillard’swork,andassuchwasoneofthemostencouragingpointsinthisjourneyIamverygratefulfortheirgenerosityofengagementandenthusiasmMysinceregratitudealsogoestoJeanBaudrillardforwritingaparagraphinstrongsupportofthebookproposal,whichaccompaniedmysubmissiontothepublisherTheoneotherpersonIwanttoacknowledgeismyfriendandcolleagueChrisPrentice(DepartmentofEnglish,UniversityofOtago)AlthoughChrisandIhadnotdiscussedtheworkofBaudrillardpriortoherreadingacompletedraftofthisbook,herreactiontothemanuscriptmadeusbothrealisetheextenttowhichourconversationsaboutourworkovertheyearshaveplayedanimportantroleinthewayourideashaveevolvedIrealisehowmuchChris’ssupporthasencouragedmetocontinuewiththiscriticalstance,especiallyinthefaceoffeministdiscouragementregardingthevalueofBaudrillard’sworkIamhugelygratefultoChrisfortheinsightfulnessofhercommentsonthedraft,andforreflectingbackareadingofthebookthatappearstoseewhatIamseeingIamalsogratefultotwoothercolleagues,PatriciaElliot(WilfridLaurierUniversity,Ontario)andRenéeHeberle(UniversityofToledo,Ohio),forreadingadraftofthemanuscriptandprovidingcommentandengagementwiththeworkIamclearthatthiswillnotbeabookthatfeministcolleagueswillnecessarilythinksitseasilywithinafeministtheoryframe(althoughIthinkitshould!),andthereforeIparticularlyappreciatetheopportunitytolearnhowthisbookwill‘trouble’manyfeministreadersIthasbeenusefultoreflectonthisinthelightofcommentsreceivedThebookwaswrittenoverthesummersofand,thenduringasabbaticalleavefromSeptembertillmidIamverygratefultotheUniversityofCanterburyforthisstudyleaveperiodFinallyIwouldliketoexpressmysincereappreciationtomembersoftheRoutledgepublishingteamwhohaveprovidedusefulassistanceandexcellentcommunicationthroughoutthepublishingprocessMythanksgoparticularlytoSeniorEditor,MariShullaw,whowasalsotheCommissioningEditorforthisvolumeHerencouragementandadvicehavebeenmostwelcomeandimportantAbbreviationsofworksbyBaudrillard(fullreferencesarefoundinthebibliography):AMAmerica()CMCoolMemories–()CSTheConsumerSocietyMythsandStructures()ECTheEcstasyofCommunication()EOPTheendofproduction()FFForgetFoucault()FSFatalStrategies()IETheIllusionoftheEnd()MOPTheMirrorofProduction()PCThePerfectCrime()PESForaCritiqueofthePoliticalEconomyoftheSign()SEDSymbolicExchangeandDeath()SEDNSeduction()SIMSimulations()SOTheSystemofObjects()SSMIntheShadowoftheSilentMajorities,ortheEndoftheSocial()SVSuiteVenitienne(SophieCalle)andPleaseFollowMe(Baudrillard)()TETheTransparencyofEvilEssaysonExtremePhenomena()AbbreviationsThepurposeofthisbookistodevelopacriticalreadingoftheworkofJeanBaudrillard,andtoarguethattheepistemologicalapproachhetakes,themethodofcritiquehepursues,thesubstantiveproblematicsheidentifies,areimportanttofeministscholarshipandtheoryIreadBaudrillard‘inhisownterms’,asarguedrecentlybyRexButler()tobetheonlywaytoreadBaudrillardIaminagreementwithButleronthispointReadingBaudrillard‘inhisownterms’means,forme,thatoneattemptsareadingthatcontinuallymodifiesandrefinesone’sunderstandingofhisconceptsanduseoflanguageandrhetoricsinthelightoftheirrepeatedappearancethroughouthisownworkItmeansstartingfromanassumptionthathisworksaretheoreticallyandepistemologicallyconsistentItheninterrogatethatassumptionthroughareadingthatbothseekstorefineconceptsthroughassumingthisconsistency,andatthesametimeseekstofindinconsistencieswhensuchareadingisnotpossibleUsingthismethodofanalysisandengagement,IhavetosaythatIhavenotfoundinconsistenciesinhisworkBaudrillardgoesrockbottom,andkeepsgoingHeunravels,sometimesquitebrutallyanduncompromisingly,everyillusoryontologicalnotion,everymoralisticpremise,includingthesacredlexiconofrightsandliberationonwhichthediscoursesofthe‘left’havetendedtoresttheircaseBaudrillardiscriticalonandonHedoesnotresthiscaseHis‘critiqueofcritique’revealstheproblemwherebyacritiqueofthestatusquoideologythatpurportstodefineanewtruthisnotonlyepistemologicallyflawed,butinpoliticaltermsishistoricalAnassumptionofthetransformativeroleofcritiqueandsocialrevolutionorchange(andhencetheroleofanintelligentsia)nolongeranimatesthelandscapethathasbeencalled‘political’ThisargumentisdevelopedinChapterSomecriticsappeartobedisturbedbythequestionoftruthorfictioninrelationtoBaudrillard’sworkToaskifBaudrillardisreallysayingsomethingaboutwhatisgoingonintheworldistounderstandtheprocessofcritiquedifferentlyfromthewayintendedhereCritiquepreciselyrevealshowthe‘what’sgoingon’isconstructedandtheproblematicsoftheattendantassumptionsthiscertainlytellsussomethingabout‘what’sgoingon’andindeedopensupaspaceforactionandIntroductionIntroductionengagementthathasnoneedofapositive‘theory’aboutanysocialrealityconceptualisedinstatic,ontictermsAnothermethodofanalysisIhaveusedistocreatea‘conversation’betweenBaudrillard(ormyreadingofhiswork)andhiscriticsIusethetextsofthosewhoarecriticalofBaudrillard’sworktoseehowwelltheirargumentsstandupwhenconfrontedwitha‘readingofBaudrillardinhisownterms’Quitesimply,theydonotstandupatallwell,buttheprocessisausefuloneinthatitfurtherstheaimofprogressingareadingofBaudrillardthatstrengthens,throughinterrogation,anunderstandingofwhat,atheart,isatstakeinhisworkBaudrillard’swriting,his‘theorising’hastobeunderstoodasanactivechallengetothereal(examinedfurtherinChapter)Todate,noonehasunderstoodthisbetterthan(apartfrom)RexButler(hisbookiscalledJeanBaudrillardTheDefenceoftheReal):Baudrillard’swriting,thatis,liketheterrorismitspeaksof,attemptstoformarelationshipwiththatwithwhichitcannotformarelationship,attemptstodescribesomethingthatatonceisexcludedtoallowittoberepresentedandonlyexistsaftertheattempttodosoInasense,therefore,itmustseektorepresentnothingButtheriskandthestrategyofwriting–asofterrorismitself–isthatitisonlybydaringtorepresentnothing,tooffernothinginexchangefortheappearancesoftheworld,thattheworldnecessarilyrecognisesitselfinit,thatwecatchtheworldup,bringaboutanexchangewithit(Butler:)IthinkitisaprofounduneasinesswiththisfeatureofBaudrillard’sworkthatleadsmanywriterstobedismissiveofhisworkonthegroundsof‘nihilism’ThecriticismofnihilismisfrequentlyposedonwhatarearguedtobesubstantivegroundsinrelationtowhatBaudrillardactuallyhastosayButinmyassessment,inrelationtoBaudrillard’sworkthisisneveraveryconvincingpositiontoadoptIwonder,rather,ifitisn’teasiertocriticiseBaudrillardfor‘nihilism’thanitistoattendtotheepistemologicalissuesarisingwhenBaudrillardontheonehandseemstobesayingalotabout‘whatisgoingonintheworld’,butontheotherhandoffersnothingbywayof‘theory’Baudrillardhasthistosayonthematter:WhatIdoismoreofathoughtexperimentwhichtriestoexploreanunknownfieldbyotherrulesThisdoesn’tmeanit’snihilisticinthesenseinwhichnihilismmeanstherearenolongeranyvalues,nolongeranyreality,butonlysigns:theaccusationofnihilismandimposturealwaysrelatestothatpointButifyoutakenihilisminthestrongsense,thesenseofanothingbasedthinking,athinkingwhichmightstartoutfromtheaxiom‘whyistherenothingIntroductionratherthansomething’–overturningthefundamentalphilosophicalquestion,thequestionofbeing:‘whyistheresomethingratherthannothing’–thenIdon’tmindbeingcalledanihilist(BaudrillardinPetit:)ThisisnotabookaboutBaudrillarditisanengagementwithhisworkForthisreasonIneitherspendtime‘introducing’Baudrillard(somethingRexButlerdeemsimpossibleanyway,althoughthe‘introduction’tohisbookiswellworthreading),norsituatehisworkrelativetootherauthorsortrendsinintellectualwriting,schoolsofthoughtForreaderswhoareinterested,GaryGenosko()discussesBaudrillard’sworkinrelationtothatofMarshallMcLuhanMarkPoster()discussesitinrelationtothatofHabermasoncriticaltheoryandtechnocultureCharlesLevin()introduceshisbookwithsomecontextualanalysisforhisexaminationofBaudrillard’sworkas‘astudyinculturalmetaphysics’DouglasKellner()providesanoverviewofthehistoricaldevelopmentofBaudrillard’swork,asdoesRexButler()SadiePlant’sexceptionalbook()onTheSituationistInternationalinaPostmodernAgeexaminesatleastoneaspectoftheintellectualmilieusurroundingtheemergenceofBaudrillard’sworkandtheworkofGuyDebord(,trans,and,trans)ontheSocietyoftheSpectaclealsoneedstobementionedinthiscontextBaudrillard’sworksareall,ofcourse,writteninFrench,andIhavereadhisworkinEnglishtranslationMypartner,whoknowsBaudrillard’sworkthroughandthrough,hasFrenchasafirstlanguage,andisfluentinEnglishHeandIhave,overtheyearsofreadingBaudrillard’swork(heinFrenchandEnglishandIonlyinEnglish),discusseddifferenceshehasidentifiedinEnglishtranslationswheretheydifferfromhisowninterpretationThishasledtothecuriousphenomenonwherebyIhaveastrongsenseofwhatIwouldcalla‘good’translationofBaudrillardcomparedtoa‘poor’one,withoutapparentlyhavinganybasisforthisjudgement,andpossiblyunsurprisinglymypartnersystematicallyagreeswithmyjudgementonthisButforallthat,IamclearontheimportantfactthatmyreadingisofBaudrillard’sworkasithasbeentranslatedinEnglishItistheEnglishlanguagetextsthatthisworkengagesDoesthatmeanIcannotreferto‘Baudrillard’I’mnotsure,ultimately,thatthisquestioncanbeansweredadequatelyIwillreferto‘him’assuch,andpossiblyonlyhecanprotestReyChow()writeson‘translationandtheproblemoforigins’,referringtotheetymologyof‘translation’asitpertainstothenotionof‘traitor’,‘betrayal’,‘infidelity’Shecritiqueswhatshecallsthecommonassumptionthattranslationisa‘renderingofonelanguageintoanotherlanguage’(p),andrefusesthenotionofonewayrelationshipbetweenthelanguageof‘origin’andthelanguageintowhichitistranslatedThis‘traffic’,sheargues,isinfacttwowaysheiscriticalofthenotionthatthetranslationis‘derivative’,orinsomesense‘unoriginal’IntroductionTranslation,sheclaims,‘isanactivitythatimmediatelyproblematizestheontologicalhierarchyoflanguages’(p)ChowcitesWalterBenjamintoelucidatefurthertheprocessofreciprocitybetweenthe‘original’andthe‘translation’,tosuggestthatboththe‘original’andthe‘translation’become,throughtheirinteraction,‘recognizableasfragmentsofagreaterlanguage’(p)Thecurrentreading,resultingasitdoesfromacriticalinteractionwithBaudrillard’stextsinEnglishtranslation,andwithotherreaderswhohavereadBaudrillardbothinFrenchandinEnglish,hastobereadmoreonitsownmerits,andlessasavehicleforthe‘original’textofBaudrillardAsafeministreading,thisbookaskswhatandhowBaudrillard’sworkcontributestofeministcritiqueInparticular,IexploreBaudrillard’srefusalofthefetishisationof‘women’,andanalyseselectedfeministwritingfromthiscriticalpointofdepartureMyownhistoryhasbeenoneofimmersionintheintenselycriticalimpulseoffeminism,butalsooneofcautionanddistancingwhensomeneworthodoxyhasemergedandwhendogmatic‘positions’havebeentakenanddefendedKristeva()callsthisphenomenonofaforeclosureofquestioningthe‘suspensionofthought’,andreferstoHannahArendt’sanalysisofthissameconcernKristevaisthuscriticalofthisrejectionoftheoldthatisfollowedbyacultofthenew(andwhichthus‘suspendsthought’andceasesaprocessofquestioning)ThefeministtextsIhavechosentodiscussandexaminethroughthelensofmyreadingofBaudrillardhavebeenselectedpartlybecausetheyarefrequentlycited,thusplayingakeyroleinframingdirectionsforfeministtheory,andpartlybecausetheyengagetheissuesthatarepursuedinthechaptersofthebookChaptersetsthescene,establishingthegroundworkforanyseriousconsiderationofBaudrillard’sideas,byexamininghisearlyworkTounderstandBaudrillard’swork,Iargue,itisvitaltoconfrontthehistoricallyandculturallyspecificinterweavingofthelogicsofeconomicvalue,linguisticrepresentation,andconstructionsofthesubjectandtheobjectInChapterIengagetheworkofLuceIrigaray,RosiBraidotti,andJudithButlertoconsidertheimplicationsofBaudrillard’scritiqueofcontemporarydiscoursesonidentit

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