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首页 *新书上架*【德里达】纸机器

*新书上架*【德里达】纸机器.pdf

*新书上架*【德里达】纸机器

九月虺
2009-09-29 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《*新书上架*【德里达】纸机器pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

PAPERMACHINEJacquesDerridaTranslatedbyRachelBowlbySTANFORDUNIVERSITYPRESSSTANFORD,CALIFORNIAStanfordUniversityPressStanford,CaliforniaEnglishtranslation©bytheBoardofTrusteesoftheLelandStanfordJuniorUniversityAllrightsreservedPaperMachinewasoriginallypublishedinFrenchinunderthetitlePapiermachine©,EditionsGalilee"Fichus"wasoriginallypublishedinFrenchinunderthetitleFichus©,EditionsGalileeTranslator'sNote©bytheBoardofTrusteesoftheLelandStanfordJuniorUniversityAllrightsreservedThisbookhasbeenpublishedwiththeassistanceoftheFrenchMinistryofCultureNationalCenterfortheBookNopartofthisbookmaybereproducedortransmittedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronicormechanical,includingphotocopyingandrecording,orinanyinformationstorageorretrievalsystemwithoutthepriorwrittenpermissionofStanfordUniversityPressPrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmericaonacidfree,archivalqualitypaperLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataDerrida,JacquesPapiermachineEnglishPapermachineJacquesDerridatranslatedbyRachelBowlbypcm(Culturalmemoryinthepresent)IncludesbibliographicalreferencesISBN(alkpaper)ISBN(pbk:alkpaper)PhilosophyITitleIISeriesBDPdcOriginalPrintingLastfigurebelowindicatesyearofthisprinting:TypesetbyTimRobertsinGaramondContentsTranslator'sNoteixMachinesandthe"UndocumentedPerson"TheBooktoComeTheWordProcessor"ButNo,butNever,andYet,astotheMedia":IntellectualsAttemptatDefinitionbyThemselvesSurveyPaperorMe,YouKnow(NewSpeculationsonaLuxuryofthePoor)ThePrincipleofHospitality"SokalandBricmontAren'tSerious"AsIfItWerePossible,"WithinSuchLimits"MySunday"Humanities"ForJoseRainha:WhatIBelieveandBelieveIKnow"WhatDoesItMeantoBeaFrenchPhilosopherToday"NotUtopia,theImpossible"OthersAreSecretBecauseTheyAreOther"Fichus:FrankfurtAddressNotesTranslator'sNoteTwotermsinparticularthatrecurintheseessaysneedawordofexplanationThefirst,sanspapiers,isdirectlyrelatedtothetitleAsanspapiersissomeone"paperless":"without(identity)papers"Thewordisparalleltosanstoit,meaninga"roofless,"hencehomeless,personInUSEnglishtheequivalenttothesanspapiersistheundocumentedpersonThisofficialcategorydoesnotexistinBritishEnglish,whereillegalimmigrantispejorativeandthemilderterm,asylumseeker(whichcanalsobe),doesnotcoverallthecasesofthesanspapiersBecauseitincludesthe(lackof)paperessentialtotheFrenchterm,andbecauseitislikewisenonjudgmental,Ihavegenerallyusedundocumentedtorsanspapiers,buthavesometimesgiventheFrenchorusedthewordpaperless,too,wheretheconnectionwithactualpaperisimportantAnotherdifficulttermisglobalization,forwhichtheFrenchequivalentismondialisationDerridaoftenpointsoutthatthetwoarenot,however,thesame:thegeometricalorgeographical"globe"ofglobalizationlacksthesocialandhistoricalsenseofthe"world"(monde)thatispresentintheFrenchwordTointroduceaneologism(mondialization,say)wouldnotwork,sincethepointispartlythatglobalization,regularlytranslatedasortranslatingmondialisation,hasbecomeaclicheSoIhavekeptglobalizationasthedefaultword,butindicatedtheplaceswhereDerridaisemphasizingitsdifferencefromtheFrenchwordDerridaexplainsinhisintroduction(Chapteri)thattheessaysinthevolumewereall"occasional"pieces,manyofthemwrittenforjournalsornewspapers("Thepapers"inthissenseprovideanEnglishbutnotaFrenchresourceforthebook'squestions:theFrenchword,journal"daily"newspaperhasnopaper,whereastheEnglishpaperhasnothingbut)PapiermachineincludedanumberoftextsthatarenotinthepresentvolumeAlongessay,"TypewriterRibbon:LimitedInk()"istranslatedbyPeggyKamuf,inDerrida,WithoutAlibi(Stanford,Calif:StanfordUniversityPress,)InPapiermachinethisfollowed"TheBooktoCome,"xTranslator'sNoteasthreefurtherlecturesgivenattheBibliothequenationaledeFranceThreearticles"TakingSidesforAlgeria,""ForMumiaAbuJamal,"and'"DeadManRunning:Salut,Salut"areinDerrida,Negotiations,editedandtranslatedbyElizabethRottenberg(Stanford,Calif:StanfordUniversityPress,)Anadditionallecture,Fichus,appearsattheendof(theEnglish)PaperMachineThemostrecentpieceinthebook,thiswasDerrida'sspeechinacceptanceoftheAdornoPrizeinFrankfurtinSeptemberFinally,theFrenchtitle,Papiermachine,isnotadequatelytranslatedbyPaperMachinePapiermachineliterally,"machinepaper"meanstypingpaper,oranyofitsmorerecentequivalentssuchasprinterpaperButthepairingofpaperandmachineisessentialtothebook'sargumentsbothaboutthehistoryoftechnologyandaboutissuesofimmigration(thesanspapiers),soitdidnotseemappropriatetousethespecificequivalent,whichwouldlosemanyofthebroaderconnotationsof"papermachine"AllunattributedtranslationsarebymeIhaveoccasionallymodifiedpublishedtranslationstoclarifythepointbeingmadeinthepresenttextRachelBowlbyPAPERMACHINEMachinesandthe"UndocumentedPerson"Sothere'ssuchathingaspapiermachinetypingpaper,printerpaper,machinepaperAndwhatwethinkwerecognizeunderthisname,aFrenchoneSothere'swhatwenormallyuse,followingthe"usual"name,papiermachine,totheletter,inthestrictortheliteralsense:theformofamatter,thesheetdesignedasthebackingoxmediumforatypewriter'swriting,andalsonowfortheprinting,reproduction,andarchivingoftheproductsofsomanywordprocessingmachines,andthelikeThistheniswhatbecomesafigurehere,whatarhetoricianwouldalsocalla"locus"Machinepaper,sothetitlegesturestowardaplace,afigure,infactmorethanonefigureByeffectivelydisplacingthenormalusageoftheexpressionpapiermachinetoputpressureonitsarticulationbyjuxtaposing,withoutahyphen,twonounsofequalstature(paperandmachine,machineorpaper:neitherisevertheattributeoftheother,oritssubject),thistitleisanattempttonameasingularconfiguration,anaddition,anorderedsetofmetaphors,tropes,andmetonymiesWhatthendoespapermeanhereWhatshouldweunderstandbymachine*Whatisthemeaningofthehypothesisortheprosthesisoftheirsubjectlesscoupling:machinepaperMachinesandthe"UndocumentedPerson"Therewouldbenojustificationforthistitleunlessslowly,laboriously,inthetimetakenbythetextsgatheredtogetherhere,itawakened,heralded,orpreparedsomethinglikea"thinking"of"machinepaper,"athinkingofahyphenthatisvisibleorinvisible,betweenthemachineandthepaperNotaspeculativethought,notaphilosophy,notevenatheory,butanexperienceofwriting,apathventured,aseriesof"political"gestures(atthecenterofthisbook,wewillheartheechoing,forinstance,inmorethanoneregister,literalandfigurative,ofthequestionofthepersonwithnopapers,crushedbysomanymachines,"whenweareall,already,undocumented,'paperless'")Overashortperiod,aboutfouryears,gesturesofthiskindrecalltheattemptsarisingfromananxiousseeking,amodeststrategy,inshortaneffortoforientationinthought,atthepointwhensomearehasteningtoannouncetheendofahistoryconstrainednotonlybytheauthorityofthebookbutbyapapereconomyandthereforetheurgencyofreactivatingitsmemoryanditsoriginFromthisplacearhetoricaltoposandanexperientialsituationfromthishistoricalspotwherewearepassingthrough,evenmoreorlesssettleddown,wethenwonder:What'sgoingonWhat'stakingplacebetweenthepaperandthemachineWhatnewexperienceoftakingplaceWhatdoesaneventbecomeWhatbecomesofitsarchivewhentheworldofpaper(theworldmadeofpaperorwhatglobalizationstillgetsfrompaper)issubordinatedtoallthesenewmachinesforvirtualizationIstheresuchathingasvirtualeventAvirtualarchiveWoulditbethatnewAnunprecedented"sceneofwriting,"Iwouldhavesaidinthepast,oranother"archivefever"Whatdoesthatofferusforthinkingabouttherelationshipbetweentheact,theactual,thepossible,andtheimpossibleBetweentheeventandfantasy,orthespectralForwhatnewrightsAndwhatnewinterpretationof"thepolitical"Allthetextsinthisbookareduetooccasions,toprovocations,toopportunitiesgiven,sometimesbypeopleclosetome,personalfriendsorpoliticalfriendsSo,takingthemasdeterminingsituations,IthoughtIshouldatleastindicatethe"places"forwhichthesetextswereinitiallywrittenAlwaysinreplytoaninvitation,arequest,orasurveyAlloftheminstitutions(highlynationalorquiteinternational,ifnotuniversal)givenovertothemachineandtopaper,eachheldtoitsownrhythm,totheoriginaltemporalityofitssurvivalAlloftheminstitutionsimposing(aswecantellfromwritingandMachinesandthe"UndocumentedPerson"reading)theirnorms,theirrulesofthegame,thememoryorthefantasyoftheirexperience,theauthorityoftheirassumedcompetenceAlloftheminstitutionswhosenamesineachcase,andjustthetitle(awholeprogram),wouldbythemselvesdeservemorethanonework,whetherornotabookThebook,thegreatarchiveorthegreatcopyrightlibraryofthebook:theBibliothequenationaledeFranceFrenchNationalLibraryThejournal,betweenthebookandthenewspaper:LesTempsModernes,LesCahiersdemediologie,theRevueinternationaledephilosophicThenewspaperormagazine,daily,fortnightly,ormonthly:LaQuinzaineLitteraire,LeMonde,L'Humanite,DieZeit,LeFigaroMagazine,LeMondedeI'educationMywarmthankstoallthosewhohavegiventheiragreementformetocollectthesetextstogether,afterhavinggivenmethechancetorespondtotheirinvitationsorquestionsTheBooktoComeAquestionof"goodsense,"firstofall,andofsense:themeaningofavenirin"thebooktocome"doesnotgowithoutsayingButthewordbookisasdifficulttodefineasthequestionofthebook,atleastifthewishistograntitasharpspecificity,andtocutitoutinitsirreducibility,atthepointwhereitresistssomanyneighboring,connected,andeveninseparablequestionsForinstance,togototheclosestconnection:thequestionofthebook,andofthehistoryofthebook,shouldnotbeconflatedwiththatofwriting,orthemodeofwriting,orthetechnologiesofinscriptionTherearebooks,thingsthatarelegitimatelycalledbooksButtheyhavebeenandstillarewrittenaccordingtosystemsofwritingthatareradicallyheterogeneousSothebookisnotlinkedtoawritingNorisitappropriatetoconflatethequestionofthebookwiththatoftechnologiesofprintingandreproduction:therewerebooksbothbeforeandaftertheinventionofprinting,forexampleAndthequestionofthebookisnotthequestionoftheworkNotallbooksareworksOntheotherhandplentyofworks,evenliteraryorphilosophicalworks,worksofwrittendiscourse,arenotnecessarilybooksFinally,thequestionofthebookshouldnotbeconflatedwiththatofsupportsQuiteliterally,orelsemetonymically(butwewillcontinuallybeconcernedwiththesefiguresofthebook,withthesemetonymical,synechdochic,orsimplymetaphoricalmovements),itispossible,andthishascertainlybeendone,tospeakofbooksthathavethemostdifferentkindsofTheBooktoComesupportnotjusttheclassicalonesbutthequasiimmaterialityorvirtuallyofelectronicandtelematicoperations,of"dynamicsupports"withorwithoutscreensWecannotbesurethattheunityandidentityofthethingcalled"book"isincompatiblewiththesenewteletechnologiesInfactthisiswhatwehavetodebateWhatthendowehavetherighttocall"book"andinwhatwayisthequestionofright,farfrombeingpreliminaryoraccessory,herelodgedattheveryheartofthequestionofthebookThisquestionisgovernedbythequestionofright,notonlyinitsparticularjuridicalform,butalsoinitssemantic,political,social,andeconomicforminshort,initstotalformAndthequestionofthebook,asweshallsee,isalsothatofacertaintotalitySoallthesepreliminarydistinctionsareindispensableeventhough,aswearewellaware,theproblematicofthebookasanelaboratesetofquestionsinitselfinvolvesalltheconceptsthatIhavejustdistinguishedfromthebook:writing,themodesofinscription,production,andreproduction,theworkanditsworking,thesupport,themarketeconomyandtheeconomicsofstorage,thelaw,politics,andsoonIwillstartagainfromroundaboutthequestionofthebookwiththedifferentbutrelatedquestionofthe"support"Thisisthequestionthatcomestomindwhenweareinterestedinthecurrentprocess,initsfuture,andinwhatistransformingthepresentformofwhatwecallbookHereandnowwearespeakinginaplacethatisstill,essentially,afutureplacethathasbarelybeeninauguratedandthatwealready,orstill,call"library,"bibliothequeEvenbeforeitspropername,beforeitsnationalandFrenchpropernames(BibliothequenationaledeFranceandFrancoisMitterrand),thisprecinctbearsanordinaryname,bibliothequeThisbeautifulnameisentitledinmorethanonewaytobeatitleAsweknowitmeanstheplacewherethebook(biblion)isdealtwithThebookisdealtwithasaquestion,andbooksaredealtwithincertainwaystheopenhistoryofthistreatmentandthesewaysis,weknow,immense,complicated,multiple,convolutedIwillsaysomethingaboutthisinamomentImentionedtheGreekwordbiblionnottosoundscholarly,orevenit'stooeasytoexplainthewordbibliothequeIspokeGreektoobserveinpassingthatbiblionhasnotalwaysmeant"book"oreven"work"("Work"issomethingelseagain,whichwillperhapstakeus,inaTheBooktoComelittlewhile,tothemarginsofaseriousproblem,thatofthefuturerelationshipbetweenontheonehandtheformbook,themodelofthebook,andontheotherhandaworkingeneral,anoeuvre,anopus,theunityorbodyofanoeuvremarkedoutbyabeginningandanend,andsoatotality:assumedtobeconceivedandproduced,andindeedsignedbyanauthor,asingleidentifiableauthor,andofferedupfortherespectfulreadingofareaderwhodoesn'tmeddlewithit,doesn'ttransformitontheinsideinwhatwenowcallan"interactive"way)Butdoesanyoeuvre,beitliteralorliterary,haveasitsdestinyoressentialdestinationonlya"bookish"incorporationThismustbeoneoftheverymanyquestionsthatawaitusBiblion,whichdidn'tinitiallyoralwaysmean"book,"stillless"oeuvre,"coulddesignateasupportforwriting(soderivedfrombiblos,whichinGreeknamestheinternalbarkofthepapyrusandthusofthepaper,liketheLatinwordliber,whichfirstdesignatedthelivingpartofthebarkbeforeitmeant"book")Biblion,then,wouldonlymean"writingpaper,"andnotbook,noroeuvreoropus,onlythesubstanceofaparticularsupportbarkButbiblioncanalso,bymetonymy,meananywritingsupport,tabletsforinstance,orevenletters:postAbibliophore(bibliophoros)issomeonewhocarriestheletters(whicharen'tnecessarilybooksorworks)He'sasortofpostmanorelseascrivenerthesecretary,thelawyer,theclerkofthecourtTheextensionofthesemetonymiespushedbibliontowardthemeaningof"writing"ingeneral(inthatitwasnolongerreducibletothesupportbutcametoinscribeitselfrightonthepapyrusortablet,withouthoweverbeingabook:notallwritingisabook)Thennewextensionitwaspushedtowardthe"book"formthatiswhatinterestsusthisevening,andwhichalreadyhasalongandcomplicatedhistoryfromthevolumen,thepapyrusscroll,tothecodex,inwhichnotebooksareboundtoboardsplacedoverthemAlreadyinGreek,bibliothekemeanstheslotforabook,books'placeofdeposit,theplacewherebooksareput{poser),deposited,laiddown{reposer),theentrepotwheretheyarestored:abibliophylakionisthedepositorwarehouse,theentrepot,forbooks,writings,nonbookarchivesingeneralandthebibliopoleionisthebookstoreorlibrairie,aname,oftengiventothebibliotheque,andthathasbeenkept,ofcourse,inEnglish("library")Astothekindsoftreatmenttheseplaceshaveinstore,letmejuststressthetraditionalwordsIhadtousetodescribethem,andwhichareallleadstofollowforfuturereflectionThesearetheverbsposer,deposer,reTheBooktoComeposer,andentreposerLikethepresenceoftheGreektithenai("toput")inbibliotheke,theyallpointuptheactofputting,depositing,butalsotheactofimmobilizing,ofgivingsomethingovertoastabilizingimmobility,andsotothestatute,tothestatutoryandevenstateinstitution,whichalertsustoalltheinstitutional,juridical,andpoliticaldimensionsthatwemustalsodebateSettingdown,layingdown,depositing,storing,warehousingthisisalsoreceiving,collectingtogether,gatheringtogether,consigning(likebaggage),bindingtogether,collecting,totalizing,electing,andreadingbybindingSotheideaofgatheringtogether,asmuchasthatoftheimmobilityofthestatutoryandevenstatedeposit,seemsasessentialtotheideaofthebookastothatofthelibraryAndsincethequestionofthefuturethatwehavebeenaskedtoconsiderthiseveningconcernsthebookasmuchasthelibrary,Iimaginethattherewillbenosurpriseinrediscoveringthesemotifsofthetheticpositionandthecollection:ofthegatheringtogetherthatisstatutory,legitimate,institutional,andevenstateornationalLetmementioninpassingthatallthesemotifsarethemselvescollectedtogetherinthequestionofthetitleCanweimagineabookwithoutatitleWecan,butonlyuptothepointwhenwewillhavetonameitandthusalsotoclassifyit,deposititinanorder,putitintoacatalog,oraseries,orataxonomyItisdifficulttoimagine,oratanyratetodealwith,withabookthatisneitherplacednorcollectedtogetherunderatitlebearingitsname,itsidentity,theconditionofitslegitimacyandofitscopyrightAndinconnectionwithtitles,ithappensthatthenameofthisplace,Bibliotheque,givesitstitletoaplacewhich,asitalreadydoes,willmoreandmoreinthefuturehavetocollecttogether(inordertomakethemavailabletousers)texts,documents,andarchivesthatarefurtherandfurtherawayfromboththesupportthatispaperandthebookformThisisintru

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