下载
加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 韦氏典故词典.Merriam-Webster's.Dicti.Allusions.(1999)

韦氏典故词典.Merriam-Webster's.Dicti.Allusions.(1999).pdf

韦氏典故词典.Merriam-Webster's.Dicti.…

洪笑呆
2009-09-25 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《韦氏典故词典.Merriam-Webster's.Dicti.Allusions.(1999)pdf》,可适用于考试题库领域

Discovermeaningsyou'vebeenmissing!MerriamWebster'sJDictionaryofALLUSIONSUnderstandthecreativeandcolorfulreferencesthataddrichnessandvitalitytoourlanguageELIZABETHWEBBERMIKEFEINSILBERAGEOFAQUARIUSCITYONAHILLENDGAMEGRASSYKNOLLHATTRICKIRONTRIANGLEKEYSTONEKOPSMICKEYFINNOCTOBERSURPRISEROSETTASTONESEACHANGEWITCHINGHOURMerriamWebster'sMemDictionaryofWcbsiALLUSIONSDISCOVERCOLORFULREFERENCESTOLITERATUREANDMYTHOLOGY,HISTORYANDPOLITICS,SCIENCEANDSPORTSuDiscoverthehiddenmeaningsyou'vebeenmissingOffersclear,concisedefinitionsformorethanallusions,fromAchilles'heelandalphamaletoZenandZuzu'spetalsIncreaseyourknowledgebeyondthedefinitionProvidestheterm'shistory,pronunciation,andcontemporaryexamplesofthewordorphraseusedincontextLearncorrectusagefromtheexpertsExamplescomefromworksbyleadingauthors,includingJohnUpdike*NatHentoff*CynthiaTucker*JoeKlein*CamillePaglia*MollyIvins*JaneBryantQuinn*HenryLouisGates,Jr*AnnaQuindlen*DaveBarry*GeorgeWillLearnthetermsthatareusedtodayFeaturesthousandsofexamplestakenfromtoday'stoppublications,includingTheNewYorkTimes*TheAtlanticMonthly*Life*RollingStone*Smithsonian*VanityFair*TheWallStreetJournalFASCINATINGFORREADERS,LANGUAGELOVERS,ANDESLSTUDENTSS'""MerriamWebsterIncSpringfield,MAwwwmwcomAOLkeyword:MERRIAMflcbBÔcl"MerriamWebster'sDictionaryofALLUSIONSMerriamWebster'sDictionaryofALLUSIONSElizabethWebberMikeFeinsilberMerriamWebster,IncorporatedSpringfield,MassachusettsAGENUINEMERRIAMWEBSTERThenameWebsteraloneisnoguaranteeofexcellenceItisusedbyanumberofpublishersandmayservemainlytomisleadanunwarybuyerMerriamWebster™isthenameyoushouldlookforwhenyouconsiderthepurchaseofdictionariesandotherfinereferencebooksItcarriesthereputationofacompanythathasbeenpublishingsinceandisyourassuranceofqualityandauthorityCopyright©byElizabethWebberMikeFeinsilberLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataWebber,Elizabeth,MerriamWebster'sdictionaryofallusionsbyElizabethWebberMikeFeinsilberpcmISBNAllusionsinliteratureDictionariesIFeinsilber,MikeIITitleIIITitle:DictionaryofallusionsPNWdcCIPAllrightsreservedNopartofthisbookcoveredbythecopyrightshereonmaybereproducedorcopiedinanyformorbyanymeansgraphic,electronic,ormechanical,includingphotocopying,taping,orinformationstorageandretrievalsystemswithoutwrittenpermissionofthepublisherMadeintheUnitedStatesofAmericaDF:QPVToBettyWebberEWDorisFeinsilberMFcfcnoïvledgmentsThisbookwouldnothavecomeaboutwithouttheencouragementandsupportofDanielRapoport,themidwiferyofPaulDickson,andtheknowledge,resourcesandskillofMerriamWebsterInc,especiallyFrederickCMishwhoprovidedinitialguidanceonthescopeofthebook,MaryWCornogandEWardGilmanfortheirresearchandeditinghelp,JenniferNCislofordatainputofnewmaterial,KathleenMDoherty,DanielJHopkins,andRobertDCopelandforproofreadingofthemanuscript,andpublisherJohnMMorseforhisguidanceandeditorialsuggestionsallalongthewayWewouldalsoliketothankthegodsandgoddesses,thebeastsbothrealandmythic,theprophets,poets,kingsandclownsandtheinkstainedwretcheswhoprovidedthefodderforthisworkftrefaceThelegendaryeditorHaroldRoss,founderofTheNewYorker,issaidtohaveonceexpressedplaintivebewildermenttohismagazine'sstarwriter,JamesThurber:"IsMobyDickthemanorthewhale"ThisbookisforpeoplelikeRossLikehim,we'renotsodumb,wereaders,butwedon'tknoweverythingabouteverythingWemightknowwhat'sflotsamandwhat'sjetsam,butnotwhatmannerofmammalwasMobyDickThisbookwillhelpAllofusruninto(andsometimesuse)thesesidewaysreferencesthatareintendedtoaddcolorandvigortolanguageButtheyarelostonusifwehaveforgottenorneverknewwhattheymeanWecouldstopreadingandhopetofinditinadictionaryMorelikely,wejustmakeaguessfromcontextandreadoninafogThisbookisacollectionofthosetrickyallusionsthatappearwithoutaccompanyingexplanationsinourdailyreadingWhenyourdictionarycan'thelpwithsilentspring,theDreyfusaffair,loungelizardortheartfuldodger,turntothesepagesOurcollectionisn'texhaustive,butitaimstocovermuchofwhatanactivereaderwillencounterThetermscomefromliterature,sports,mythology,WallStreet,history,headlines,Shakespeare,politics,science,standupcomicsandtheSundaycomics,andvenuesfromthelockerroomtotheboardroomWe'vetriedtoconveysolidinformationwithoutbeingstuffyaboutitWeshowhowthesetermsareused,withexamplesfrommagazines,newspapers,booksandtheoddbitfromradioorfilmAndevenifyouarefamiliarwithanexpression,youarelikelytobedelightedwiththeartful,eloquentorhumoroususesinourexamplesOh:thewhalewasMobyDickThemanwasCaptainAhabAndIshmaelwasthenarrator,wholivedtotellthetaleElizabethWebberMikeFeinsilberTTonunciationSymbolsdanoint,collide,data*d,,cut,conundrumimmediatelypreceding,n,m,n,asinbattle,mitten,eaten,andsometimesopen'ôpn,lockandkeynimmediatelyfollowing,m,r,asofteninFrenchtable,prisme,titrearap,cat,sand,lambàway,paid,late,eightaopt,cod,machàFrenchchat,tablearair,care,lairdauout,loud,tout,cowbbat,able,ribchchair,reach,catcherdday,red,laddereegg,bed,bet'ë,,ëeat,reed,fleet,peaêpenny,genieeiDutcheieren,dijkffine,chaff,officeggate,rag,eaglehhot,ahoyhwwheat,wheniill,hip,bidïaisle,fry,white,widejjump,fudge,budgetkkick,baker,scam,askkloch,Bach,GermanBuchlap,pal,alleymmake,jam,hammernnow,win,bannernshowsthataprecedingvowelisnasalized,asinFrenchenannring,singer,gongÔÔœœôiôrP•rsshtththûùUÛVWyyzzhVoak,boat,toe,gohawk,bawl,caught,oughtFrenchneuf,GermanKôpfeFrenchdeux,GermanLohneoyster,toy,foilcore,born,oarpet,tip,upperrut,tar,error,cartsink,bass,lassoshin,lash,pressuretop,pat,laterthird,bath,Kathythis,other,batheooze,blue,noonwool,took,shouldGermanBùnde,fûllenGermankuhl,Frenchvueveer,rove,everwell,awashyouth,yet,lawyershowspalatalizationofaprecedingconsonant,asinFrenchcampagnekân'pànyzoo,haze,razorpleasure,decisionreversedvirgulesusedtomarkthebeginningandendofaphoneticrespellingmarkprecedingasyllablewithprimarystress:boaVbômarkprecedingasyllablewithsecondarystress:beelineVbë,lïnmarkindicatingsyllabledivisionsLAbelardandHéloïseVabalàrd•alawëz,'elTragicallyromanticloversPeterAbelard,agreatscholarandteacherinFranceintheMiddleAges,becameinfatuatedwithHéloïse,thebeautiful,intelligentyoungnieceofFulbert,canonofNotreDameAbelardtalkedhimselfintoajobashertutorandseducedherThetwofelldeeplyinlove,andintimeHéloïsediscoveredshewaspregnantHéloïsewaspackedofftothecountrytohavethebaby,afterwhichsheandAbelardweremarriedinsecret(althoughHéloïsethoughtmarriageandphilosophywerenotcompatible)Abelard'sinlawswerenothappyandarrangedforruffianstoattackandcastratehimHéloïsewassenttôaconventandeventuallybecameanunandanabbess,andAbelardbecameamonkHéloïsewasoneofthemostliteratewomenofherday,andherdutiesasanadministratorgaveherasuccessfulcareerasanunandabbessAbelard,thoughbrilliant,wasamaverick,andhiswritingswerefrequentlydenouncedandsometimesburnedAftertheirseparation,heandHéloïsecorrespondedthroughlettersofloveandsuffering,whichtheylatercollectedandpublishedTheyaresaidtohavebeenburiedtogethertheywerereburiedinthefamouscemeteryofPereLaChaiseinParisin(JimMorrisonoftheDoorswasthere,too,buthisbodywasrecentlyremovedbecauseofthedamagetouristsvisitingithaddonetoothergravesAbelardandHéloïsedonothaveasmanythcenturyfans)Theterminuse,byRZSheppard,Time,May,,reviewingGabrielGarciaMarquez'novelLoveandOtherDemons:Cayetanoissentasanexorcist,butafteronelookatthegirl'sblueeyesandcascadingcopperhair,allthatgetsexorcisedishisowninhibitionALatinAmericanAbelardandHéloïseNotquiteAnotherexample,alsofromTime,byNancyGibbs,April,:PennthusbecomesthelatestschooltoturnitselfinsideoutoveranissuethatdatesbacktoAbelardandHéloïseThroughtheyearssomanyprofessorshaveromancedandoftenmarriedtheirstudentsthatitseemsaquaint,evenhypocriticalexercisetosuddenlytrytostopthemintheorytheindependentcounsel'staskisnothinglessthantocleansetheAugeanstablesofsinandcorruptionandrestorethenationalinnocenceGeneLyonsAchilles'heelAchilles'heel'kilêzAvulnerablepointInGreekmythology,theheroAchilleswasinvulnerabletomortalwoundsbecausehismother,Thetis,haddippedhimasaninfantintothemagicalwatersoftheRiverSTYX,whichflowsaroundHades,theunderworldButsheheldbabyAchillesbytheheel,and,inevitably,inthewaragainstTroy,AchilleswaskilledbyanarrowwhichstruckhiminthatonevulnerablespotAchillesalsogaveushistendon,whichjoinsthecalfmuscletotheheelbone,andtheAchillesreflex,promptedbyasharptapontheAchillestendonTheterminuse,byMajGenWilliamLNash,commanderofUSforcesinBosnia,quotedbyRickAtkinsonintheWashingtonPost,April,:IfmyAchilles'heelisthelowtoleranceoftheAmericanpeopleforcasualties,thenIhavetorecognizethatmysuccessorfailureinthismissionisdirectlyaffectedbythatAnotherexample,fromPeterHLewisintheNewYorkTimes,March,:Thekeytoafaxmachine'spower,andalsoitsAchilles'heel,isthatitworksoverregulartelephonelinesAnyboorwithafaxmachineandyourphonenumbercandelugeyouwithunwanteddocumentsAndfromRickWartzman,theWallStreetJournal,July,:Somethinkit'stheDC'sAchilles'heel:aclusterofhydrauliclinesthat,ifcut,cansendtheplaneplummetingActon,LordOriginatorofthemaxim,"Powertendstocorrupt,andabsolutepowercorruptsabsolutely"(GeorgeBernardShaw'sview,asreportedinDayswithBernardShawbyStephenWinsten,was:"Powerdoesnotcorruptmenfools,however,iftheygetintoapositionofpower,corruptpower")AbrilliantandquotableVictorian,Acton'sfullnamewasJohnEmerichEdwardDalberg,andhelivedinthelasttwothirdsofthethcenturyAsaRomanCatholic,hecouldn'tattendCambridgeUniversitybutlaterwasappointedaprofessorinmodernhistorythereAfriendofdeTocquevilleandotherprominentintellectualsofhisdayandcelebratedasoneofthemostlearnedmenofhisage,ActonwasanardentLiberalandaclosefriendofGladstone(SeeGLADSTONIAN)Inadditiontohisobservationonthecorruptingnatureofpower,thiscommentonsecrecyisattributedtohim:"Everythingsecretdegeneratesnothingissafethatdoesnotbeardiscussionandpublicity"Hislordshipevoked,byElizabethJanewayinherreviewofJonathanYardley'sOurKindofPeopleintheNewYorkTimesBookReview,March,:AdonisTheWASPgroup(andIspeakfromexperiencesincemyownkindofpeoplearemuchlikeMrYardley's)hascombinedthecomfortofbelongingwithlongdominanceofAmericanpowerandcultureThisassumedentitlementnaturallyinfuriatesmanypeopleItalsocomplicatesitsmembers'livesandvisions:realityitself,notmerewishfulthinking,hasseemedtoconfirmtherightnessoftheirbeliefsandbehaviorHere,Isuspect,liestherootofthatcorruptionbyestablishedpowerwhichLordActon,aWhiteAngloSaxonCatholic,toldushumanstofearAndbycolumnistSuzanneFieldsintheWashingtonTimes,April,,onthecharacterofVicePresidentAlbertGore:BlandambitionquicklybecomesblindambitionToparaphraseLordActon:BlindambitioncorruptsblindlyandabsoluteblindnesscorruptsabsolutelyIt'spossiblethatAlGore,whobeginstoseethepresidencythroughaglassdarkly,cannolongermakedistinctionsbetweenpersonalintegrityandMACHIAVELLIANstrategiesofapoliticianSeeSEETHROUGHAGLASSDARKLYAnotherexample,fromCharlesPaulFreundinhiscolumn"RhetoricalQuestions"intheWashingtonPost,April,:NevermindLordActoninWashington,powerhomogenizesLookatNewtGingrichAdonisAfigureinGreekmythology,sohandsomethathisnameisametaphorforyouthfulmalebeautyAndlikemostcharactersinGreekmythology,hisfamilybackgroundwascomplicated,andhislovelifewas,well,messyHewastheproductoftheincestuousunionofCinyras,kingofCyprus,andhisdaughterHegrewuptobebeautifullyhandsome,andAphrodite,goddessoflove,fellinlovewithhimBenglovedbyagoddesswashazardous,however,andAdoniswaskilledwhileboarhunting(theboarwasreputedtobethejealouswargodAresindisguise)Inoneversionofthestory,ZeusarrangedforAdonistospendpartoftheyearwithAphroditeandpartwithPersephone,queenoftheunderworld,whoseeyehehadalsocaughtThiscustodyarrangementexplainedthecycleoftheseasonsTheterminuse,byBradHooperinBooklist,May,,reviewingParadisebyJudithMcNaught:Whenyoung,MeredithBancroftwasburnedinloveApoorlittlerichgirl,thedaughteroftheownerofafamousdepartmentstore,shefellforahometownAdoniswhowasn'tinterestedThenshemetMatthew,amechanicputtinghimselfthroughschoolTheyhadabrief,sourmarriageAndbyRonFimriteinSportsIllustrated,March,:Mostplayersatthattimeworeatleastrudimentaryhelmets,butnotHobey,whoconsideredheadgeartooconfiningAlthoughagitproptherewasnocontestingthegenuinenessofhismodesty,there,therewasastreakofnarcissisminbeingknownas"TheblondAdonisofthegridiron"HisgoldenhairbecamehisensignWhenjoyfulspectatorscriedout,'Herehecomes!'therecouldbenodoubtingtheobjectoftheirexcitementAndtheycouldcountonHobeytodeliverthegoodsAndfromtheSpringfield(Mass)UnionNews,August,:Cyndysaysifevertherewasarelationshipaddict,she'soneShefoundherselfoverwhelminglyattractedto"anAdonistype,reallybrutallyhandsome""Itwasmajorloveatfirstsight,"shesaid"Failedrelationshipsbecameahabit"agitpropVajt,prapPoliticalpropaganda,and,morespecifically,propagandaspreadbymeansofliterature,drama,music,orartAmarriageofagitationandpropaganda,it'satactictoarousethepeople,anditworksthroughselectiveandmanipulativeuseoffactsandfalsehoodsThetermcomesfromtheoldSovietCommunistPartyLeninuseditthroughtheagitatsiapropagandasectionoftheCentralCommitteesecretariatsetupinItsfunctionwastocontroltheideologicalconditioningofthepopulaceInEnglish,andgenerallyinEuropeandtheUnitedStates,itisusuallyapejorativetermusedtocharacterizeslanted,prejudicialargumentsoftenthoseusedbysomeoneontheothersideofanissueTheterminuse,bytelevisioncriticPhilKloerintheAtlantaJournalandConstitution,October,:Eitherit'sblatantagitproporacourageoustakeonasubjectnormallytaboototelevisionEvaluatingIfTheseWallsCouldTalk,HBO'snewallstardramaaboutabortion,maydependonwhichsideofthepicketlineorpewyousitFromBlancheMcCraryintheVillageVoice,October,:BertharefusedtoobeyanyoftherulesShewasatruebeliever,andliterature,forher,wasaboutrefusingallcategoriesShecouldnomorewriteagitpropthanshecouldgiveupwomenandstartraisingrugratsforsomemachostudAndfromDorothyRabinowitzintheWallStreetJournal,February,:ThissplendidfilmissearinginitsdelineationofDepressionerahardshiphittingafarmfamilyItveersoff,tobesure,intoakindofoldfashionedsimpleagitpropaboutbossesandmigrantsnowandagainNevertheless,itssocialechoesaretrueanddeepagonistes^aga'nistëzXBeinginastruggle,andespeciallycontendingwithinnerconflictsFromaGreekword,meaningcombatantorcontenderagoraTherootisagon,meaning"agatheringplace,especiallyforcontestsandcompetitions,"andhencethecompetitionitselfAgonistesisattachedtothenameofsomeonewhoisaprotagonistinacontestorstruggle,asinthemostfamoususage,SamsonAgonistes,apoembyJohnMiltonabouttheblindedSamsonandhisstruggletorenewhisfaithToday,thewordisusuallyareferencetoMilton'sworkTSEliotuseditthiswayinthetitleofhispoemSweeneyAgonistes(),asdidGaryWillsintheNixonAgonistesTheterminuse,byJohnAndersoninNewsday,July,,reviewingDoubleHappiness,afilmaboutyoungChineseinCanada,caughtbetweentwocultures:Assimilationagonistes:Young,cheekyChineseCanadianactressiscastinadramaoffamily,career,sexandculture,butnevergetstoplayherselfAndbyCarlinRomanointhePhiladelphiaInquirer,reviewingDemocracyonTrialbyJeanBethkeElshtain,January,:No,thisisnotaninstantbookaboutRussiainturmoil,Haitiagonistes,orItalytwistedonceagainintoapoliticalpretzelAndbyJackMcCalluminSportsIllustrated,April,,inaprofileofUCLAbasketballcoachJimHarrick:Whenhedidn'tgetUCLAtotheFinalFour,andwhenhecomplainedpubliclythathisfinancialcompensationwasnotinlinewiththatofcoachesatotherhighprofileschools,andwhenheappearedapoplecticonthesidelineswhenthingswentwrong,thecoachbecameanalmosttragicfigure,HarrickAgonistes,theviseofUCLApressuretighteningyearafteryearashediedaslowdeathonthebench,onehandonhisthroat,theotherintheairtoprotestacallagoraVagdreXAgatheringplace,especiallythemarketplaceinancientGreeceInGreekcities,theagorawasa

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

评分:

/48

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利