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首页 2010高考英语最新吴军金牌考点教案18:动词时态、语态

2010高考英语最新吴军金牌考点教案18:动词时态、语态.doc

2010高考英语最新吴军金牌考点教案18:动词时态、语态

沈阳英语家教
2009-08-27 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2010高考英语最新吴军金牌考点教案18:动词时态、语态doc》,可适用于求职/职场领域

动词时态、语态【要点点拨】一、时态()现在进行时用法注意点:状态性动词不用进行时态包括()be和have,或者含有be和have意义的动词如:belongto,contain,dependon,own,possess等()feel,sound,smell,taste等连系动词()hear,see,find等表示结果的动词()表示心理或情感状态的动词如:believe,love,want,understand,wish等进行时态和副词always,forever等连用时往往带有一定的感情色彩如赞扬、批评、不满、抱怨等()一般过去时与过去进行时的区别:过去进行时表示动作的未完成性、持续性着眼于动作的过程一般过去时表示动作的完成即动作发生过且已结束着眼于结果如:ShewaswritingareportlastnightandIdon’tknowifshehasfinishedit(表示昨晚一直在写)Shewroteareportlastnight(表示昨晚写了并且写好了)过去进行时与always,forever等词连用表示一定的感情色彩Hewasalwaysthrowingthingsabout(表示不满或讨厌)()将来时的几种表达:ABCDbegoingto表示“计划、打算、安排将要做的事”时主语只能是人说话人说话之前已考虑过的主语是物时表示说话人根据某种迹象主观推测可能发生的事不能用于含有条件句的主句中will表示将要发生某事或主语的“意愿”说话人说话时刻才考虑到的表示客观规律必然发生的可用于含有条件句的主句或从句中表示“意愿”beto表示安排、计划要做的事与第二人称连用表示转述第三者的话表示命令相当于shouldmust表示“能”“该”“想要”“注定、不可避免”beaboutto表示动作马上发生句中不能再加atonce,immediately和表示具体时间的词语常有“beaboutto…when”结构还可用一般现在时、现在进行时表示将来发生的动作()将来进行时与将来完成时:将来进行时表示将来某一时刻发生的动作结构为:willshallbedoing将来完成时表示到将来某时刻某动作已发生结构为:willshallhavedone,时间状语为:by表将来时间的词语如:I’llbeclimbingthemountainthistimethedayaftertomorrowBythetimehegraduatesfromthecollege,hewillhavelearnedthreeforeignlanguages()现在完成时及过去完成时的用法注意点:瞬间性动词与延续性动词的正确使用:与howlong,for,since等表示一段时间的状语连用时须用延续性动词如:buyhave,keepborrow,diebedead,marrybemarried,beginbeon,begintoknowknow等注意havehadbeento与havehadgoneto的区别现在完成时用在时间、条件等状语从句中表示从句中的动作在主句动作前完成如:Ifithasstoppedsnowinginthemorning,we’llgototheparkby过去时间状语用过去完成时有些动词的过去完成时表示过去未曾实现的意图、打算或希望这类动词为:think,plan,mean,intend,hope,expect,suppose等Ihadintendedtovisityouyesterday,buttherainpreventedme()现在过去完成进行时的用法:强调动作延续到说话时且还在进行结构:have(has)hadbeendoing比较:Theyhaverepairedtheroad(表示路已修好)Theyhavebeenrepairingtheroad(表示路还在修)有时两者可替换:ShehastaughtinthismiddleschoolfortenyearsShehasbeenteachinginthisschoolfortenyears注意:完成进行时不可与瞬间性动词连用如:finish,go,marry等()某些固定句型中时态是固定的:ThisThatItisthefirsttime从句(用现在完成时)It’shasbeen一段时间since从句(用过去时)HardlyNosoonerhadsbdonewhenthan从句(用过去时)Itwillbe一段时间before从句(用一般现在时)Itwas一段时间before从句(用过去时)It’stime从句(用过去时或shoulddo)wouldrather从句(用一般过去时过去完成时)It’sgettinglateI’dratheryoutookataxithereThefilmwasboringI’dratherIhadn’tgonetoseeit二、语态动词sell,write,read,open,lock,shut,wear,wash,keep,cook,cut,burn,run等与well,smoothly,easily等连用时说明主语内在的“性能”“特点”用主动代替被动表示状态特征的连系动词如smell,taste,feel,sound,look,prove等用主动语态表示被动意义不及物动词及一些固定短语不能用被动语态:comeup,runout(用完),giveout(耗尽),goout(熄灭),comeout(出版),cometolight,belongto,breakout,loseheart,dieout,own,have,possess,happen,occur等当want,require,need作“需要”解后接doingtobedone作宾语此时动词do与主语为动宾关系beworth后接doing作宾语用主动形式表示被动意义不定式tolet(出租),toblame(该受责备)表示被动意义在“主语be形容词(forsb)todo”结构中todo用主动形式在“主语谓语宾语(名词)动词不定式todo(作定语修饰前面的名词且为动宾关系主语与todo为主谓关系时此动词不定式用主动形式如:Ihaveameetingtoattend【各个击破】ItookaphotoofyoujustnowReallyIwithattentionAdidn’tlookBwasn’tlookingCamnotlookingDhaven’tlookedYouhaven’tsaidawordaboutmynewhairstyleWhatdoyouthinkofitI’msorryIanythingaboutitsoonerIcertainlythinkit’sprettyAdon’tsayBwasn’tsayingCdidn’tsayDhaven’tsaidCanIhelpyou,MadamNo,thanksIAhavejustlookedaroundBjustlookaroundCamjustlookingaroundDjustlookedaroundThatfamouscherrytreesbecauseofpollutionYes,wehavetodosomethingtosaveitAhasdiedBhaddiedCisdeadDisdyingSheoughttostopreadingshehasaheadachebecauseshetoolongAhadreadBreadCisreadingDhasbeenreadingYou’retalkingtoomuchOnlyathomeNoonemebutyouAishearingBhadheardChearsDheardWhathaveyoubeendoingIaskedyouaquestionWhydidn’tyouanswerSorry,ItothenewsontheradioAlistenedBhavelistenedCwaslisteningDhadlistenedYoushouldhavetoldhimthedateearlierI,butheforgotaboutitAdidBhaveChadDshouldhaveYoucouldhaveaskedTomforhelp,forheisgoodatphysicsReallyOh,awholenightWhydidn’tyoutellmeearlierAiswastedBwaswastedChadwastedDhaswastedThethieftriedtobreakawayfromthepolicemanwhohimbutfailedAheldBhadheldCwouldholdDwasholdingYouexercisesatyourdesk!WhynottakesomeexerciseAalwaysdoBarealwaysdoingChavealwaysdoneDhavealwaysbeendoingWhatwereyouuptowhenshedroppedinIforawhileandsomereadingAwasplayingwasgoingtodoBplayeddidChadplayedwasgoingtodoDhadplayeddidUntilthenIforhimforhoursinhisofficeAwaitedBwaswaitingChavebeenwaitingDhadbeenwaitingDidyouseeMartyinthemanager’sofficeYes,hebythemanagerAisquestionedBwasbeingquestionedChadbeenquestionedDwasquestionedLookatthis!Isomemagazinesandthiscard!AwaslookingthroughfoundBamlookingthroughhadfoundClookedthroughhadfoundDhadlookedthroughfindingTom’swifetooktheplaceofhimtoattendtheconferenceIwouldratherTomthere,nothiswifeAhadbeenBhavebeenCwasDwentListen!IbutIanythingatallAlistenedhaveheardBhavelistenedhearCwaslisteningwasn’thearingDamlisteningdon’thearTheshopassistantpromisedmethatthematerialandwhatshesaidtobetrueAwouldbedriedeasilywasprovedBwillbedriedeasilywasprovedCdriedeasilyprovedDwasdriedeasilyprovedWhatplaceisitHaven’tyouseenthatwebackwhereweAwere,hadbeenBare,wereCwere,havebeenDare,hadbeen 动词时态和语态高考真题练习(安徽)Daniel'sfamilytheirholidayinHuangshanthistimenextweekAareenjoyingBaretoenjoyCwillenjoyDwillbeenjoying(安徽)ButfortheirhelpwetheprogramintimeAcannotfinishBwillnotfinishChadnotfinishedDcouldnothavefinished(北京)ScientistshavemanytheoriesabouthowtheuniverseintobeingAcameBwascomingChadcomeDwouldcome(北京)WhenItalkedwithmygrandmaonthephone,shesoundedweak,butbythetimeweup,hervoicehadbeenfulloflifeAwerehangingBhadhungChungDwouldhang(北京)JohnwasgiventhesamesuitcasehisfatherandgrandfatherwiththemtoschoolAtookBhadtakenCweretakingDwouldtake(福建)WhydoestheLakesmellterribleBecauselargequantitiesofwaterAhavepollutedBisbeingpollutedChasbeenpollutedDhavebeenpolluted(福建)Accordingtotheliteraryreview,ShakespearehischaritieslivethroughtheirlanguageinhisplaysAwillmakeBhadmadeCwasmakingDmakes(湖南).WouldyoupleasekeepsilentTheweatherreportandIwanttolistenAisbroadcastBisbeingbroadcastChasbeenbroadcastDhadbeenbroadcast(湖南)ThefoodhereisniceenoughMyfriendmearightplaceAintroducesBintroducedChadintroducedDwasintroducing(江西)Atpresent,oneoftheapartmentsinfavorofthenewairportthatitwillgoingalotjobstotheareaAisBareCwillbeDwere(江西)WhatisthepriceofpetrolthesedaysOh,itsharplysincelastmonthAisraisedBhasrisenChasarisenDisincreased(江西)DoyouwantalifthomeIt’sverykindofyou,butIhaveamuchlateintheofficeIoversleptthismorningbecausemymorningclockAdoesn’tgooffBwon’tgoneCwasn’tgoingoffDdidn’tgoon(海南)Hissisterlefthomein,andsinceAhadnotbeenheardofBhasnotbeenheardofChadnotheardofDhasnotheardof(海南)Edward,youplaysowellButIyouplayedthepianoAdidn’tknowBhadn’tknownCdon’tknowDhaven’tknown(山东)ThenumberofforeignstudentsattendingChineseuniversitiesrisingsteadilysinceAisBareChasbeenDhavebeen(山东)Iwasoutoftownatthetime,soIdon’tknowexactlyhowitAwashappeningBhappenedChappensDhashappened陕西)DrSmith,togetherwithhiswifeanddaughters,visitBeijingthissummerAisgoingtoBaregoingtoCwasgoingtoDweregoingto陕西)ThisisthefirsttimewentafilminthecinematogetherasafamilyAseeBhadseenCsawDhaveseen(上海)Marywenttotheboxofficeatlunchtime,butalltheticketsoutAwouldsellBhadsoldChavesoldDwasselling(四川)Whydon’twechoosethatroadtosavetimeThebridgetoitAhasrepairedBisrepairedCisbeingrepairedDwillberepaired四川)YouspeakverygoodFrench!ThanksIFrenchinSichuanUniversityforfouryearsAstudiedBstudyCwasstudyingDhadstudiedMyparentsinHongKongTheywerebornthereandhaveneverlivedanywhereelseAliveBlivedCwerelivingDwilllive(浙江).-Whatdoyouthinkofthemovie-It’sfantasticTheonlypityisthatIthebeginningofitAMissedBhadmissedCmissDwouldmiss(重庆)She stared at the painting,wondering where she itAsaw   Bhas seenCsees  Dhad seen(重庆)I’ve got to go nowMust youIyou could stay for dinner with usAthink     BthoughtChave thought    Dam thinking(全国)ProgresssofarverygoodandwearesurethattheworkwillbefinishedontimeAwasBhadbeenChasbeenDwillbe(全国I卷)HaveyouknownDrJacksonforalongtimeYes,sinceshetheChineseSocietyAhasjoinedBjoinsChadjoinedDjoined(全国I卷)Thewetweatherwillcontinuetomorrow,whenacoldfronttoarriveAisexpectedBisexpectingCexpectsDwillbeexpected(安徽卷)DidyouwatchthebasketballmatchyesterdayYes,IdidYouknow,mybrotherinthematchAisplayingBwasplayingChasplayedDhadplayed(安徽卷)IliketheseEnglishsongsandtheymanytimesontheradioAtaughtBhavetaughtCaretaughtDhavebeentaught(福建卷)SofarthisyearweafallinhousepricesbybetweenandpercentAsawBseeChadseenDhaveseen(湖南卷)IcalledHnnahmanytimesyesterdayevening,butIcouldn’tgetthroughHerbrotheronthephoneallthetime!AwastalkingBhasbeentalkingChastalkedDtalked(湖南卷)DoyouhaveanyproblemsifyouthisjobWell,I’mthinkingaboutthesalary…AofferBwillofferCareofferedDwillbeoffered(江苏卷)I’msureAndrewwillwinthefirstprizeinthefinalIthinksoHeforitformonthsAispreparingBwaspreparingChadbeenpreparingDhasbeenpreparing(山东卷)Bythetimeherealizesheintoatrap,it’llbetoolateforhimtodoanythingaboutitAwalksBwalkedChaswalkedDhadwalked(江西卷)–DoyouthinkweshouldacceptthatofferYes,weshould,forwesuchbadluckuptillnow,andtimeoutAhavehadisrunningBhadisrunningChavehasbeenrunDhavehadhasbeenrun(辽宁卷)WefirstmetonatraininWebothfeltimmediatelythatweeachotherforyearsAknewBhaveknownChaveknownDknow(辽宁卷)HaveyougotanyjoboffersNoIAwaitedBhadbeenwaitingChavewaitedDamwaiting(全国II)Iftheweatherhadbeenbetter,wecouldhavehadapicnicButitalldayArainedBrainsChasrainedDisraining(陕西卷)ThemomentIgothome,IfoundImyjacketontheplaygroundAhadleftBleftChaveleftDwasleaving(全国II)Iftheirmarketingplanssucceed,theytheirsalesbypercentAwillincreaseBhavebeenincreasingChaveincreasedDwouldbeincreasing(陕西卷)–Didyougototheshowlastnight–YeahEveryboyandgirlintheareainvitedAwereBhavebeenChasbeenDwas(陕西卷)Thoughwedon’tknowwhatdiscussed,yetwecanfeelthetopicAhadchangedBwillchangeCwaschangedDhasbeenchanged(四川卷)Thetelephone,butbythetimeIgotindoors,itstoppedAhadrungBwasringingCringsDhasrung(浙江卷)Idon’tbelieveyou’vealreadyfinishedreadingthebookIittoyouthismorning!AwouldlendBwaslendingChadlentDlent(浙江卷)–What’sthatnoise–Oh,IforgottotellyouThenewmachineAwastestedBwillbetestedCisbeingtestedDhasbeentested(北京卷)HaveyoureadbookcalledWaitingforAnyaWhoitAwritesBhaswrittenCwroteDhadwritten(北京卷)Thehotelwasn’tparticularlygoodButIinmanyworsehotelsAwasstayingB,stayedCwouldstayDhadstayed(北京卷)NodecisionaboutanyfutureappointmentuntilallthecandidateshavebeeninterviewedAwillbemadeBismadeCisbeingmadeDhasbeenmade(天津卷)HefootballregularlyformanyyearswhenhewasyoungAwasplayingBplayedChasplayedDhadplayed(重庆卷)JudyisgoingtomarrythesailorsheinRomelastyearAmeetsBmetChasmetDwouldmeet(重庆卷)HeasanationalheroforwinningthefirstgoldmetalforhiscountryintheOlympicsAregardedBwasregardedChasregardedDhadbeenregarded(重庆卷)TeenagerstheirhealthbecausetheyplaycomputergamestoomuchAhavedamagedBaredamagingCdamagedDwilldamage(上海卷)DoyouknowifTerrywillgocampingthisweekend  TerryNever!Shetentsandfreshair!AhashatedBhatedCwillhateDhates(上海卷) InrecentyearsmanyfootballclubsasbusinesstomakeaprofitAhaverunBhavebeenrunChadbeenrunDwillrunTheflowersweresolovelythattheyinnotime全国卷IAsoldBhadbeensoldCweresoldDwouldsellIknowalittlebitaboutItalyasmywifeandIthereseveralyearsago全国卷IAaregoingBhadbeenCwentDhavebeenIsthereanythingwrong,BobYoulooksadOh,nothingmuchInfact,Iofmyfriendsbackhome全国卷IIAhavejustthoughtBwasjustthinkingCwouldjustthinkDwilljustbethinkingTom,youdidn’tcometothepartylastnightI,butIsuddenlyrememberedIhadhomeworktodo全国卷IIAhadtoBdidn’tCwasgoingtoDwouldn’tDidyoutidyyourroom上海卷No,IwasgoingtotidymyroombutIvisitorsAhadBhaveChavehadDwillhaveWiththehelpofhightechnology,moreandmorenewsubstancesinthepastyears上海卷AdiscoveredBhavediscoveredChadbeendiscoveredDhavebeendiscoveredTheytwofreeticketstoCanada,otherwisethey’dneverhavebeenabletoaffordtogo山东卷A.hadgotB.gotC.havegotD.getDidPeterfixthecomputerhimselfHe,becausehedoesn'tknowmuchaboutcomputers安徽卷AhasitfixedBhadfixeditChaditfixedDfixeditTheybecamefriendsagainthatdayUntilthen,theytoeachotherfornearlytwoyears安徽卷Adidn'tspeakBhadn'tspokenChaven'tspokenDhaven'tbeenspeakingHowcanIapplyforanonlinecourseJustfilloutthisformandwewhatwecandofouryou北京卷AseeBareseeingChaveseenDwillseeIgotcaughtintherainandmysuit北京卷AhasruinedBhadruinedChasbeenruinedDhadbeenruinedItwasreallyverykindofyoutogivemealifthomeOh,don’tmentionitIpastyourhouseanyway北京卷AwascomingBwillcomeChadcomeDhavecomeIsawJaneandherboyfriendintheparkateightyesterdayevening福建卷ImpossibleSheTVwithmeinmyhomethenAwatchedBhadwatchedCwouldwatchDwaswatchingDannyhardforlongtorealizehisdreamandnowheispopular福建卷AworksBisworkingChasworkedDworkedAstheyearspassed,manyoccasionsbirthdays,awards,graduationswithDad’sflowers湖南卷AaremarkedBweremarkedChavemarkedDhadmarkedCathyistakingnotesofthegrammaticalrulesinclassatSunshineSchool,wheresheEnglishforayear湖南卷AstudiesBstudiedCisstudyingDhasbeenstudyingAttheendofthemeeting,itwasannouncedthatanagreement江苏卷AhasbeenreachedBhadbeenreachedChasreachedDhadreachedyouhimaroundthemuseumyet江苏卷YesWehadagreattimethereAHave…shownBDo…showCHad…shownDDid…showOuch!Youhurtme!IamsorryButIanyharmItodrivearatout江西卷Adidn’tmeantriedBdon’tmeanamtryingChaven’tmeanttriedDdidn’tmeanwestryingIhavegotabeadacheNowonderYouinfrontofthatcomputertoolong江西卷AworkBareworkingChavebeenworkingDworkedItherelittlemorethanaweekwhenIsettowor

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2010高考英语最新吴军金牌考点教案18:动词时态、语态

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