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首页 *新书上架*保罗·策兰和海德格尔:一场未决的对话

*新书上架*保罗·策兰和海德格尔:一场未决的对话.pdf

*新书上架*保罗·策兰和海德格尔:一场未决的对话

九月虺
2009-08-09 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《*新书上架*保罗·策兰和海德格尔:一场未决的对话pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

PaulCelanandMartinHeideggerThispageintentionallyleftblankPaulCelanandMartinHeideggerAnUnresolvedConversation,–jamesklyonTheJohnsHopkinsUniversityPressBaltimore©TheJohnsHopkinsUniversityPressAllrightsreservedPublishedPrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmericaonacidfreepaperTheJohnsHopkinsUniversityPressNorthCharlesStreetBaltimore,MarylandwwwpressjhueduLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataLyon,JamesKPaulCelanandMartinHeidegger:anunresolvedconversation,–JamesKLyonpcmIncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexisbn(hardcover:alkpaper)Celan,PaulPoets,GermanthcenturyBiographyHeidegger,Martin,–InfluenceITitleptez�dcAcataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibrarycontentsPrefaceviiTheRepulsionandAttractionofOppositesApproachingHeidegger:CelanReadsBeingandTime,‒“Connecting”withHeidegger,–EarliestTracesofHeideggerinCelan’sWorks,–Celan’sNotebookonWhatIsCalledThinkingandIntroductiontoMetaphysics,DoubtsGrowandProblemsArise,–MoreAppropriationsfromHeidegger:ThePrincipleofReason,DrawingonandWithdrawingfromHeidegger,MountingCognitiveDissonance,GrowingIndependence,–HeideggerasCatalyst:CelanBeginstoWriteHisOwnPoetics,‒TheMeridian:An“ImplicitDialoguewithHeidegger,”Descendingintothe“LoneliestLoneliness,”–TheDialogueContinues:HeideggerReadsCelan’s“Meridian,”‒“AnEpochMakingEncounter”:FreiburgandTodtnauberg,“Todtnauberg”andItsAftermath,–Heidegger’sThoughtandLanguageinCelan:Similarities,Affinities,BorrowingsUnresolvedContradictions:TheLastYears,‒AConclusionofSortsAppendixCelan’sKnownReadingsofWorksbyHeideggerNotesWorksCitedIndexIllustrationsappearfollowingpageviContentsTheencounterbetweenPaulCelanandMartinHeideggerstandsasalandmarkintheintellectualhistoryofthetwentiethcenturyInafloodthatshowsnosignsofdiminishing,therearebooks,essaysineditedvolumes,documentarycollections,scholarlyarticles,sectionsindoctoraldissertations,andscoresofshorterreferencesthatinterpretthismeetingbetweenaJewishHolocaustsurvivorwhosepoetry,GeorgeSteinerclaims,“istobeincludedwiththeverygreatestinWesternliterature”andHeidegger,oneofthemostoriginalandinfluentialthinkersofthetwentiethcentury,whohadjoinedtheNationalSocialistGermanWorkers’(Nazi)PartyinContrarytoreceivedcriticalopinion,Celan’smeetingwithHeideggerwasprobablynotthemostdramaticorimportanteventinthepoet’slife,anditwascertainlynotthemostimportantinHeidegger’sButthedissonantnatureofarelationshipthatspannednearlytwentyyearsbetweentwofiguresofextraordinarystaturewhoappearedsodiametricallyopposedstretchestheimaginationandbegsforexplanation,especiallyifitssignificantimpactonCelanisconsideredThisreasonaloneinvitesexaminationofthecontextinwhichtheirmeetingoccurredBecauselittleinformationaboutCelan’soverallrelationshiptoHeideggerhasbeenavailableuntilrecently,criticsseldommentionthisbroadercontextItisnotwidelyknown,forexample,thatthepoetbeganreadingHeideggerinandborrowedconceptsandmetaphorsthatheenteredintohisownwritingsorthathecontinuedreadingandengagingthethinker’sworksuntiltheveryendofhislifein,wellaftertheirallegedlyillfatedmeetinginNoraremostcriticsawarethatCelan’slibraryshowsevidenceofhisreadingcarefullymorethantwodozenworksbyHeideggerorthatthethinkerplayedadecisiveroleinhelpinghimformulatehisownpoetictheoriesScholarsalsohavenotrealizedthatthemencorrespondedoveraperiodofyearsandthatCelansentcopiesofhispoprefaceetrytoHeideggerFinally,therehavebeenfewattemptstoanalyzehowhighlythisthinkeresteemedCelan’spoetryhoweagerlyheattemptedtoencourageandpromotehim(forexample,bytryingtosecureateachingpositionforhimataGermanuniversity)howmanycopiesofhisownwritingswithhandwrittendedicationshesenttoCelaninanattempttoapproachhim(atleastten)andhowfrustratedhewasathisinabilityto“connect”withorhelpthedisturbedpoetEarlyin(soonafterthepresentmanuscriptwassubmittedforpublication),HadrienFranceLanord’sbookPaulCelanetMartinHeidegger:Lesensd’undialogueappearedinParisDrawingonworksbyHeideggerthatCelanownedandread,FranceLanordexaminessomeelementsoftheirintellectualdialoguePhilosophical,speculative,andbiographicallyincomplete,FranceLanord’sbookmakesnoattempttoexaminecoherentlytheculturalcontextsofthetwomen’srelationshiportheliteraryimpulsesCelandrewfromHeideggerNordoesitprofesstoanalyzethehumancomplexityofthistroubledattractionofoppositesBycontrast,inthisvolumeIexaminetherelevantevidenceavailabletodateinanattempttogiveamorecompleteversionofthelargelyuntoldstoryofthisrelationshipEvenatpresentthatstoryisadmittedlyincomplete,sinceatleasttwomajorcollectionsofCelan’slettersinwhichhereferstoHeideggerarestillofflimitstoscholarsthosetoIngeborgBachmannandthosetoKlausDemusNevertheless,thisstudyprovidesanoverviewthatcanserveasastartingpointforfurtherexplorationoftheirtroubledconnections,interactions,andresponsestoeachothertwoimmenselygiftedcreativemindswhosharedmoreaffinitiesintheirthinkingthantheirradicallydifferentnational,social,andculturalbackgroundswouldsuggestGiventhatthepoetdrewfarmorefromHeideggerthanthethinkerdidfromhim,theprimaryfocusofthisstudywillbeonCelanIngeneralitisconceivedasahistoricalandintellectualbiographyofhimvisàvisHeideggerandananalysisofthecontradictoryanddissonantelementsthatmarkedtheirrelationshipItalsoexamineshowCelanread,respondedto,rejected,accepted,ormodifiedHeidegger’sthinkingby“translating”hisreadingsintohisownworks,sotherewillbesomeanalysisandinterpretationofCelan’spoetryInpartbecauseHeidegger’sengagementwithCelanisnotaswelldocumented,butprimarilybecausetheirteacherpupilrelationshipwasheavilyonesidedinthedirectionofthelearner,thefocusonHeideggerwillnotbequiteasintensiveorextensiveInthecomplexdevelopmentthatCelanunderwentbeforetheirfirstmeetingin,Heidegger,whountilservedlargelyasanunwittingmentorandobjectoftheyoungerman’sadulation,alsounwittinglybecameatargetfortheyoungerman’sangerandhostilitytowardallformerNazisThisstudywillatviiiPrefacetempttocontextualizetheirhistoricencounterinandshowhowlimitedknowledgeaboutwhatprecededandfollowedithasledtomisunderstandingsanddistortionsofarelationshipthatbeganyearsearlierasanimaginarydialoguewithHeideggerAsafundamentalprinciple,IhavetriedwhereverpossibletodescribeandanalyzethistopiconthebasisofdocumentedsourcesThestudyofarelationshipbetweenaHolocaustsurvivorandaprominentthinkerwhohadjoinedtheNaziPartyin,whichinCelan’seyesstigmatizedhimasaninveterate,lifelongNazi,offersatantalizinginvitationtospeculateandpsychoanalyzeIhaveresistedthisimpulseDrawingondocumentaryevidence,memoirs,andtheoralreportsofinformantswho,asfarasIhavebeenabletodetermine,arereliable,IhaveattemptedtoestablishaconcretebasisforanalysisandinterpretationForexample,IdonotfollowthecommonpracticeofconnectingwordsorconceptsinCelan’spoemstoworksbyHeideggerunlessthereisconcreteevidencethatCelanhadreadthoseparticularworksThisisnottosayhecouldnothavereadotherworksbyHeideggerbeyondthoseknowntohavebeeninhislibrary(listedintheappendix)ItonlymeansthatIamunwillingtoadmitthiskindofspeculationasevidencewhenthereisanabundanceofconcreteinformationonwhathedidreadandrespondtoWhenmyanalysisappearstobecomespeculative,IidentifyitassuchandbaseitonwhatseemstobecompellingdocumentarymaterialAnotherlimitationhasbeenimposedonthisstudyThoughitcentersontheproblematicrelationshipofaHolocaustsurvivortoaformerNazi,IdonotenterthetangledthicketsurroundingHeidegger’sculpabilityforhisbehaviorduringtheThirdReichIamacquaintedwiththeextensiveliteraturethatcondemnshimforhisactions,aswellaswithothermaterialthatseemstomitigateatleastpartiallywhathehimselfadmittedwasadreadfulpoliticalmistakeIpersonallycanaddlittletothedebate,however,andfocusonlyonCelan’sperceptionofHeidegger,whoforhimwasclearlycomplicitwiththeNazisandtheirideologyInpartitseemsCelanwantedtocondemnHeideggerforhispast,but,perhapsmoreimportant,hewantedfromHeidegger,whomhegreatlyadmired,anexplanationofwhattoCelanwereinexplicableactionsWhatsomealsomayconsideralimitationofthisstudyisthequestionwhichIdonotanswertomysatisfactionandprobablynottothatofmanyreadersofwhatdrewCelantosomeonewhoinmanywayswashispolaroppositeIhavenotsomuchrefusedtoanswerthisquestionasIhaveconcludedthatitprobablycannotbeansweredInitiallyIthoughttheremightbeplausibleanswers,andIevenproposesometentativeoneshereButthecontradictionsthatbecameevidentasmyworkprogressedaresoglaringandirreconcilablethatanyPrefaceixanswerultimatelyfailstocapturethecomplexityofarelationshipbetweentwomenwhorankamongthemostcomplicatedhumanbeingsinthetwentiethcenturyHenceIhavetriedtoworkoutandanalyzethecontradictionsratherthantryingtoresolvethemSeveralconsiderationsdeterminedmyuseoftranslationsEveninGerman,muchofCelan’sandHeidegger’slanguageusageisuniqueandcanbeunderstoodonlybygraspingthepeculiaridiomofeachmanAnd,ofcourse,someoftheirlanguageisvirtuallyuntranslatableor,atbest,highlyresistanttotranslationInordertoallowcomparisonwiththespecificwordingintheiroriginaltexts,allcitationsfromtheirworksappearinEnglishtranslation,followedbytheoriginalGermanorFrenchAllothercitationsfromforeignlanguagesourcesappearonlyinEnglishtranslationExistingtranslationsofCelanandHeideggerintoEnglishhaveawiderangeofquality,anumberofsignificantgaps,anddifferingdegreesofavailabilityForthesereasonsIhavetranslatedmostpassagesfromCelanandHeideggermyselfThoughIoftenreliedontheworkofothers,especiallyJohnFelstiner’sexcellentrenderingsofCelan’swork,whereIfeltcompelledtoaltermorethanonewordofsomeoneelse’sEnglishversion,ItakefullresponsibilityfortheresultInthosecaseswhereIdouseaprevioustranslation,thetranslatorisclearlyidentifiedandcreditedOtherwisecitationswithoutanamedsourcearemyownInreproducingHeideggerianterms,IgenerallyfollowwhathasbecomeacceptedusageinEnglish(forexample,Rede�discourse,Gerede�idletalkorconversation,Ereignis�eventofappropriation,Unverborgenheit�unconcealment,andsoforth)Consonantwithestablishedpractice,mytextalsoretainsthewordDaseininthisforminEnglishtextsAndtoavoidthediscrepanciesthatexistamongEnglishtitlesofHeidegger’sworksintranslationorwhencitedbyhisinterpreters,IhavefollowedthetitlesproducedbyEwaldOsersinhisprefacetotheEnglishtranslationofRüdigerSafranski’sMartinHeidegger:BetweenGoodandEvilExceptionalkindnessbymanyindividualsandinstitutionscontributedtothisbookIamindebtedtoDorisAllemann,RobertAndré,JeanBollack,BernhardBöschenstein,RolfBücher,RichardHacken,FriedrichWilhelmvonHerrmann,MartinSchäfer,andthestaffoftheDeutschesLiteraturarchivinMarbach(Germany)forassistanceandsupportingatheringandevaluatingmaterialrelatingtoCelanandHeideggerMythanksalsogotoEdwardCutler,StevenSondrup,andMarkWrathall,mycolleaguesatBrighamYoungUniversity,forreadingpartsorallofthemanuscriptandmakingusefulcommentsandsuggestionsIowemuchtoAxelGellhaus,generaleditorofthemajorCelanedition,Werke:xPrefaceHistorischkritischeAusgabe,andaleadingCelanexpert,forsupportingmyworkinseveralways,includingtheopportunitytopresentsomepreliminaryfindingsataCelanHeideggersymposiumattheUniversityofHamburginIamequallyindebtedtomyfriendandcolleagueJohnFelstiner,whoseliterarybiographyofCelanandtranslationsofhispoetryandprosehavebecomestandardworksintheEnglishlanguagereceptionofthepoetTheeffortsofmyfriendandcolleagueHansWilhelmKelling,whospentlargeamountsoftimecheerfullyassistingmeindecipheringalmostunintelligibledocumentsbyHeideggerandCelan,andJosephBaumgarten,myresearchassistant,whotrackeddowndozensofobscurecluesandlightenedmyburdenwithtechnicaladviceinpreparingthemanuscript,alsodeservemorethancasualappreciationAndtheCollegeofHumanitiesatBrighamYoungUniversityprovidedmewithamplefundsfortravelandbooksbyawardingmetheScheuberVeinzendowedprofessorshipBertrandBadiou,EricCelan(thepoet’sson),HermannHeidegger(thephilosopher’sson),andWernerWebergavemeaccesstoorpersonallyprovidedmewithoriginaldocumentsandphotosrelatingtomytopicAndHermannHeideggermadeanumberofusefulsuggestionsforimprovingthebookToeachoftheseIexpressmythanksforexceptionalkindnessonapersonallevel,aswellasformaterialsthatIotherwisewouldnothaveseenIncorrespondenceandinterviewsoverthecourseofmorethanthirtyyearsKlausDemus,oneofCelan’smostintimateearlyfriendsinViennaandParis,hasbeenextraordinarilycordialandextremelyhelpfulHe,too,deservesmyheartfeltgratitudeButIreservemydeepestthanksforabibliographerandtwomentorsThebibliographer,JerryGlenn,alsoanotedCelanscholar,hasspentdecadesgatheringbibliographicinformationonCelanfromdozensoflanguagesHisbibliographies,andespeciallyhisanswerstomyrepeatedqueries,havemadeitpossibleformetobarelykeepmyheadabovethefloodofsecondaryliteraturethatthreatenstoengulfanyoneworkingonCelanHedeservesmuch,muchmorethanthesewordsofgratitudeThesecond,whocountsassomethingofamentor,issomeoneIhavenevermetbutwithoutwhoseworksthisstudycouldnothavebeenwrittenOverthepastdecadeBarbaraWiedemann’spioneeringeditingandwritingofworksbyandaboutCelanhavebroughttolightmoreprimarydocuments,includinglettersandnotebooks,andmorebiographicalinformationgenerallythanwereknowninthedecadesprecedingherpublicationsIexpressmygratitudetoherforwhatshehastaughtmeFurthermore,afterreadingmymanuscript,shemadeanumberofusefulsuggestionsthathaveimprovedthebookconsiderablyFinally,IamindebtedtoOttoPöggeler,perhapsthebestlivingPrefacexiinformantonCelan’srelationshiptoHeidegger,whograntedmeinterviews,correspondedwithme,andpublishedmorespecificallyoneventsinCelan’slifethananyoneelsewithfirsthandknowledgeDespitetheuncertaintysometimesassociatedwithmemory,hehasproventobeagenerallyreliableandaccurateinformantandanunusuallygraciousandhelpfulhumanbeingIexpressmygratitudetohimforenlargingmyunderstandingofCelan’srelationshiptoHeideggerANoteonCitationsandAbbreviationsUnlessotherwisenoted,allGermancitationsfromCelanandHeideggerrefertothefollowingeditions:PaulCelan,GesammelteWerkeinfünfBänden,edBedaAllemann,StefanReichert,andRolfBücher(FrankfurtaM,)AlthoughmorerecenteditionsofsingleworksbyCelanhaveappeared,thisisthemostaccessibleandcomprehensivecollectionofindividualworksthathehimselfpreparedforprintinhislifetimeMartinHeidegger,Gesamtausgabe:AusgabeletzterHand,generaleditorFriedrichWilhelmvonHermann(FrankfurtaM,–)Thisstandardedition,whichisprojectedtoincludevolumes,remainsincomplete,withnewvolumescontinuingtoappearatirregularintervalsIneverycasecitationsfromthesevolumeswillbeidentifiedattheendofacitedpassageGWforCelan’sGesammelteWerke,GforHeidegger’sGesamtausgabebyvolumeandpagenumberHenceacitationfromCelanfollowedby“GW:”referstoapoemfoundinvolumethree,pageoftheaboveeditionAcitationfromHeideggerfollowedby“G:,,”referstovolume,pages,,andoftheHeideggereditionCelan’s“Meridian”speechandthelargecollectionofnotesonwhichitwaspartiallybasedbothusethewordMeridianasthemaintitlewordToavoidconfusion,inthetextIusequotationmarkstorefertothespeech(“Meridian”)andanitalicizedtitletodesignatethebookinwhichCelan’scollectionofnotesispublished(Meridian)PagenumbersreferringtothisbookwillbeprecededbytheabbreviationDM,whichstandsfortheGermantitleDerMeridian:Endfassung,Entwürfe,MaterialienAllcitationsfromCelan’snotebooksonhisreadingsinHeideggerwillbeidentifiedbytheletterB,followedbyapagenumberThisletterreferstoLaBibliothèquephilosophique(DiephilosophischeBibliothek):CatalogueraisonnédesAnnotationsxiiPrefacePaulCelanandMartinHeideggerThispageintentionallyleftblankchapteroneTheRepulsionandAttractionofOppositesItisdifficulttoimaginetwomoreantitheticalfiguresintwentiethcenturyculturallifethanPaulCelan(–)andMartinHeidegger(–)Theformer,perhapsthemostimportantpoetinanyWesternlanguagesince,waseverythingHeideggerwasnotARomanianbornJewwhoserealnamewasAntschel(Ancel),hegrewupspeakingGermanashisculturallanguagebutwasmultilingualUntiltheendofhislifehewaswrackedbyguiltathavingsurvivedtheHolocaustwhilehisparentsandextendedfamilydidnotGeographicallyhelivedasanexileinParis,butspirituallyhewashomelessandspentmostofhisadultlifeinamentalstatethatmightbedescribedas“extraterritorial”HetoldapoetfriendinParisthat“youareathome,insideyourreferencepointsandlanguage,butI’moutside”Hispoliticalideologysituatedhimontheleft,butherefusedtoaffiliatewithanypartyThoughprofoundlyearnest,healsolovedcircusesandreveledinpunsandwittywordplaysDeeplyparanoid,hewassuspiciousofthepostwarGermanculturalestablishment,whichhesawdominatedbyformerNazis,buthealsotrieddesperatelytoobtainitsacceptanceinordertogainrecognitionofhispoetryBycontrastHeidegger,perhapsthebestknown,mostinfluentialthinkerofthecentury,wasanarchGermannationalistGeorgeSteinerspeaksofhiscareer“wit

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*新书上架*保罗·策兰和海德格尔:一场未决的对话

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