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首页 作文大点兵——考研英语作文行文流程实例详解(10页打印版)

作文大点兵——考研英语作文行文流程实例详解(10页打印版).doc

作文大点兵——考研英语作文行文流程实例详解(10页打印版)

sjnonline
2009-08-02 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《作文大点兵——考研英语作文行文流程实例详解(10页打印版)doc》,可适用于高等教育领域

考研英语作文行文流程实例详解★功能句的写法★◎◎给你的英文增光润色的个好句子◎◎图表漫画类文章描述图表漫画句FromthecartoonwecanseethatWecanseefromthecartoonthatAsisindicatedinthecartoon,引出暗含主题句WecandeducefromthesetwovividdrawingsthatWhathasbeendescribeinthecartooncarriesgreatimplicationsforourlife,esphowtoWhatitillustratesisacommonphenomenonintoday'ssociety,anditconveysthesymbolicmeaningof引出漫画人画图目的句WhatisthepurposeofthedrawerofthiscartoonInthefirstplace,Inthesecondplace,引出原因句TherearequiteafewpossiblereasonssuggestedhereTobeginwith,Inthesecondplace,Finally,TherearesomepossiblereasonsforthistendencyTobeginwith,Inthesecondplace,Finally,WhatcausedtheeffectThereareatleasttwopossiblereasonsTobeginwith,Inthesecondplace,引出对策句Itis,therefore,necessarythateffortsshouldbemadetocopewiththeproblemasearlyaspossibleWeshouldtakeimmediatemeasures,forifthepresentsituationcontinuesasbefore,seriousoutcomewillcomeupAsfarasIamconcerned,mysuggestionsastoareasfollows过渡句ItisclearthatplaysaimportantroleinourlifeandworkTheremaybesomeotherreasonsresponsiblefor,butIthinkwhathasbeenmentionedaboveisgenerallyacceptableThisismypointofviewastohowto,andIamsurethatmyideasarebothsoundandreasonable举例子Acaseinpointismyneighbor,whoI'dliketoquoteafurtherexamplehereAccordingtoarecentsurveymadebyprofessorWang,headofsocialdepartmentinPekingUniversity,ofthepeopleacrossthecountryaresufferingfromtheproblemAnothersurveyalsoshowsthatthetrendisturningfrombadtoworse结论句Onlyinthiswaycanwe列举意义的短语Inthefirstplace,Inthesecondplace,Lastbutnottheleast,Tobeginwith,Furthermore,Themostimportantofall,Ontheonehand,Ontheotherhand,Inaddition,Foronething,Foranother,What'smore,Firstofall,Inthesecondplace,Conversely,★长难句的写法★◎◎疯狂英语句子处理的十步骤◎◎Thisis,saysLuban,adesk(简单句中加上插入语)Toacertainextent,youcanbeagoodteacher(简单句前面加上程度状语)Ratherthandecreasing,thepopulationinChinaisincreasing(简单句前面加上分词短语)Withskilledworkers,wecouldaccomplishthetaskwithinthedeadlinewithoutproficientworkers,weshouldhavetogiveuphalfway(排比句型增加句子可读性)Acaseinpointismyneighbor,wholostbothlegsinatrafficaccident(举例子方法)AccordingtoarecentsurveymadebyprofessorWang,headofsocialdepartmentinPekingUniversity,ofthepeopleacrossthecountryaresufferingfromtheproblem(举例子方法)WiththerapidadvancesinthestandardoflivingoftheChinesepeopleinrecentyears,airconditionershavejoinedotherhouseholdelectricalappliancesasitems(举例子方法)isusuallythefirsttobeconsidered,butitisnotthemostimportantThemostimportantaspectofthephenomenonhasmuchtodowithItisinthisareathatfindthemselveshavingtofacemanyconfusingandconflictingfeelings(经典原因段)Basically,whatweseeinthispicturereallymattersisabirdlamentingthefactthatitshomehasbeendestroyed(主语从句描述现象)Thereisnodenyingthatautomobilesareindicationsofcivilization,progressanddevelopmentnevertheless,automobilescausetheseriousproblemofairpollution(名词性从句引出观点)★功能段落的组织★◎◎考研英语短文写作高分评判标准及写法概述◎◎• 图表漫画类文章问题段描述漫画图表句引出暗含主题句简短解释句过渡句FromthecartoonwecanseethatWhatitillustratesisacommonphenomenonintoday'ssociety,anditconveysthesymbolicmeaningofAccordingtoarecentsurveymadebyprofessorWang,headofsocialdepartmentinPekingUniversity,ofthepeopleacrossthecountryaresufferingfromtheproblemItisclearthatplaysaimportantroleinourlifeandwork.原因段引出原因句列举原因句过渡句WhatcausedtheeffectThereareatleasttwopossiblereasonsTobeginwith,Inthesecondplace,Theremaybesomeotherreasonsresponsiblefor,butIthinkwhathasbeenmentionedaboveisgenerallyacceptable.对策段引出对策句列举对策句过渡句Weshouldtakeimmediatemeasures,forifthepresentsituationcontinuesasbefore,seriousoutcomewillcomeupFirstofall,thegovernmentshouldpropagandizetoarousepublicawarenessofInthesecondplace,thegovernmentshouldtakeeffectivemeasurestoFinally,shouldbebannedbylawThisismypointofviewandIamsuremyideaisbothreasonableandworkable.漫画人目的段引出目的句列举目的句WhatisthepurposeofthedrawerofthepicturesOnonehand,thedrawerintends,byproducingthesetwopicturesofsharpcontrast,toarousepublicawarenessconcernoftheOntheotherhand,thedrawerwantstoattracttheattentionofgovernmentsanddepartmentsconcernedandurgethemtotakeeffectivecountermeasures.暗含主题段引出暗含主题句列举暗含主题句过渡句Whatitillustratesisacommonphenomenonintoday'ssociety,anditconveysthesymbolicmeaningofWiththeincreasingpaceofmodernlife,perhapsnochangehascharacterizedthepastdecademoredramaticallythanthatofpeople'sviewontheirownlifeItisgenerallyagreeduponthatOntheonehand,nodoubt,Ontheotherhand,Whatismore,Therearemanycasesshowingthat★篇章的组织★◎◎针对大纲变化作文如何准备?◎◎根据提纲的要求选择恰当的段落组段成篇。例如:.DIRECTIONS:AStudythefollowingcartooncarefullyandwriteanessayinnolessthanwordsBYouressaymustbewrittenclearlyontheANSWERSHEETIICYouressayshouldmeettherequirementsbelow:WriteoutthemessagesconveyedbythecartoonGiveyourcomments**谋篇分析根据提纲中的信息Writeoutthemessagesconveyedbythecartoon本文开头需要两个段落即描述漫画段引出暗含主题段。根据提纲中的信息Giveyourcomments本篇文章下文要体现出作者对该现象的评论即持有该观点的原因和最后得出的结论☆SAMPLEAsisshowninthecartoon,thehenthathasjustlaidaneggisshouting,withherheadraisedhigh,"Iensurethatmyeggbringsnocornersandthatitconsistsofsuchthreepartsaseggshell,eggwhiteandyolk"WhatI'vementionedaboveisthesurfacemessagesconveyedbythecartoonItseemsfromthehen'sproudlookthatsheisexpectedtomakeapromisefortheeggshelaysItfact,itisclearthatthehenpromiseswhatturnsouttobeherowndutyTherearesomepossiblereasonsforthiscommonsocialphenomenonForonething,thesocialcompetitionisbecomingsofiercethatalltradestendtoproduceadstomakethemselvesbetterknowntothepublicForanother,they'renotpreparedtofacethechallengeandasaresult,theycandolittleexceptdeclaretheirowndutyassomethingpraiseworthyInmyopinion,everytradeshouldtryeverymeanstoimproveitscompetitiveforcesinsteadofboastingliketheheninthecartoonTherefore,Idrawmyconclusionthatjustasahenshouldn'tpromiseforheregg,sonotradeinthesocietyshouldboastthemselvesforsomethingwithintheirdutyandthattheyshouldworkhardtoprovidemorebenefitsforthesocietyInaword,trynottobeliketheboastingheninourlife!.DIRECTIONS:AStudythefollowinggraphscarefullyandwriteanessayinatleastwordsBYouressaymustbewrittenneatlyonANSWERSHEETⅡCYouressayshouldcoverthesethreepoints:leffectofthecountry'sgrowinghumanpopulationonitswildlifepossiblereasonfortheeffectyoursuggestionforwildlifeprotection**谋篇分析根据提纲中的信息leffectofthecountry'sgrowinghumanpopulationonitswildlife本文开头需要两个段落即描述漫画段引出问题产生影响段。根据提纲中的信息possiblereasonfortheeffect本篇文章下文要体现出作者对该现象的评论即持有该观点的原因。根据提纲中的信息yoursuggestionforwildlifeprotection本篇文章结尾处体现出作者对该现象的评论即改变这种现象的具体建议。☆SAMPLEAsisshownfromthefirstgraph,theUSAwitnessedarapidgrowthofpopulationduringtheperiodoftimefromtheyearoftoFromthesecondgraph,wecanfindoutthattherewasaquickerandquickerriseinthenumberofspeciesofwildlifenolongerexistingintheUSAfromto,reachinginallItisobviousthatthecountry'spopulationexplosionexertedagreateffectonitswildlifeandresultedinthesharpdeclineintheirnumberWhatcausedtheeffectThere'reatleasttwopossiblereasonsprovidedhereInthefirstplace,withthegrowthofpopulation,thereismoreandmorelivingspaceforhumansand,therefore,lessandlessforwildlifeSecondly,thelargehumanpopulationcausesseriousenvironmentalpollutionsothatitishardforwildlifetoliveinacleanandfavorablesurroundingAsaresult,somerareanimalsbecomeendangeredandextinct(Heremaybesomeotherfactorscontributingtothedecliningtendency,butIthinkwhathasbeenmentionedaboveisgenerallyacceptable)AsfarasIamconcerned,mysuggestionsastohowtoprotectwildlifeintheUSAareasfollowsFirstofall,thegovernmentshouldpropagandize(宣传)makeeffortstoarousepublicawarenessoftheimportanceofwildlifeprotectionInthesecondplace,thegovernmentshouldtakeeffectivemeasurestocontrolthebirthrateandpreventtheenvironmentfrombeingpollutedFinally,excessivekillingofanimalsshouldbebannedbylawThisismypointofviewandIamsuremyideaisbothreasonableandworkable.DIRECTIONS:StudythefollowingtwopicturescarefullyandwriteandessayofatleastwordsYouressaymustbewrittenneatlyonANSWERSHEETYouressayshouldmeettherequirementsbelow:DescribethepicturesDeducethepurposeofthedrawerofthepicturesSuggestcountermeasures**谋篇分析根据提纲中的信息Describethepictures本文开头需要一个独立的段落即描述漫画段。根据提纲中的信息Deducethepurposeofthedrawerofthepictures本篇文章下文要体现出作者对该现象的评论即漫画人画这幅漫画的目的。根据提纲中的信息Suggestcountermeasures本篇文章结尾处要体现出作者对该现象的评论即解决这种问题的具体措施。☆SAMPLEAscanbeseenfromthetwopicturesshowingabriefhistoryofworldcommercialfishing,fewcasesofcommercialfishingoccurredinandsolovelyfishesofvariouskindsswamfreelyinthewaterThings,however,werebecomingmuchworseintheyearofCountlessfishingshipssailedalongthewaterand,asaresult,fewfisheswereseenswimmingItisclearthatbecauseofexcessivecommercialfishing,theecologicalsystemhadbeenthrownoutofbalanceWhatisthepurposeofthedrawerofthepicturesOnonehand,thedrawerintends,byproducingthesetwopicturesofsharpcontrast,toarousepublicawarenessconcernoftheharmfulnessofworldwidecommercialfishingandtheimportanceofprotectingsearesourcesonearthOntheotherhand,thedrawerwantstoattracttheattentionofgovernmentsanddepartmentsconcernedandurgethemtotakeeffectivecountermeasuresAsfarasIamconcerned,mysuggestionsareasfollowsForonething,organizationsconcernedshouldtryeverymeanstomakepeopleconsciousofthenegativeeffectsofcommercialfishingForanother,lawsshouldbepassedtoprohibitcommercialfishing(Inaddition,theworldshouldn'tneglectthepreviouslessonsofdestroyingecologicalbalanceorattempttodoeverythingfortheonlysakeofitsownbenefits)Theremaybesomeothercountermeasuresforthisissue,butitisgenerallybelievedthattheaboveideasarecommonlyacceptable.DIRECTIONS:Amongalltheworthyfeelingsofmankind,loveisprobablythenoblest,buteveryonehashisherownunderstandingofitTherehasbeenadiscussionrecentlyontheissueinanewspaperWriteanessaytothenewspaperto)showyourunderstandingofthesymbolicmeaningofthepicturebelow,)giveaspecificexample,and)giveyoursuggestionastothebestwaytoshowloveYoushouldwriteaboutwordsonANSWERSHEET(points)**谋篇分析根据提纲中的信息)showyourunderstandingofthesymbolicmeaningofthepicturebelow,本文开头需要一个独立的段落即描述漫画段同时要体现出作者提炼的主题。根据提纲中的信息)giveaspecificexample,and本篇文章下文作者需要举例说明这种现象。根据提纲中的信息)giveyoursuggestionastothebestwaytoshowlove本篇文章结尾处要体现出作者对该现象的评论即如何表现自己的爱。☆SAMPLEAsisindicatedinthepicture,loveislikealamp,whichgivesabrighterlightindarkerplacesItisclearthatthepicturebringswithitsomesymbolicmeaningandthatthelampissymbolicofloveAsweallknow,amongalltheworthyfeelingsofmankind,loveisprobablythenoblest,rarestandmostimportantInmyopinion,itisavirtuehighlyvaluedforustoshowlovefortheonewhoneedslovebadlyinhislifeLet'shaveanexampletoillustrateloveProjectHopewasinitiatedseveralyearsagoforthepurposeofextensiveeducationalloverourcountryEachcitizenisexpectedtofinishhispossiblesmallpartofdonationtohelpchildreninpoorareasreturntoschoolEveryshareofdonation,whetheritisbigorsmall,standsforaheartoflove,whichcontributesmoreorlesstothegreatProjectHope(Howhappyyouwillbeifonedayinthefuturesomeoneofsomeimportancevisitsyouandthanksyouforthehelpyoueverofferedhim,youforgetallaboutitandhetellsyouthatyoueverfinancedhiselementaryeducationbymeansofProjectHope)ThenhowtoshowlovetoothersAsfarasIamconcerned,mysuggestionisasfollowsThebestwayforonetoshowlove,inmyopinion,istotryone'sbesttothinkforthoseinneedofhelpandloveanddoone'sbesttoprovideloveRememberaChineseproverb,"Doagoodthingthoughitisverytrivial(勿以善小而不为)”Onlyinthiswayistheworldfullofloveonlyinthiswaycantheworldexpectabrightprospect.DIRECTIONS:Studythefollowingpicturecarefullyandwriteanessayentitled“CulturesNationalandInternational”Intheessayyoushould)describethepictureandinterpretitsmeaning,and)giveyourcommentonthephenomenonYoushouldwriteaboutwordsneatlyonANSWERSHEET(points)**谋篇分析根据提纲中的信息)describethepictureandinterpretitsmeaning,本文开头需要两个段落即描述漫画段引出暗含主题段。根据提纲中的信息)giveyourcommentonthephenomenon本篇文章下文要体现出作者对该现象的评论即这种现象的具体表现和最后得出的结论。☆SAMPLEWhatanimpressivepictureitis!AnAmericangirl,wearingatraditionalChinesecostume,issmilingheartilyThebejeweledheaddress,beadednecklaceandearringswithtassels,andsilk,attirewithribbonscharacterizesthetraditionalcostumeofChineseminoritynationalitygirlThecostumeaddsorientalcharmstoherbeautyHerradiantsmileisasatributetoChinesecultureastotheprogressChinahasrecentlymadeObviously,wecandeducefromthispicturethatwiththedevelopmentofChina,theincreasingcharmofChinesetraditionappealstomoreandmoreforeignerswhocometoChinawithaneagernesstoseethetruecolorofChinaFirst,itheightensoursplendidChineseculture─nowuniversallyacceptedastheinvaluabletreasureoftheworldAttractedbythesplendidChineseculture,nowmanyforeignersfloodtoChinatostudyortoworkNext,itreflectsourgreatachievementsWhenChinawasthenengulfedwithpoverty,backwardness,corruptionandforeigninvasion,whocaredaboutthecultureassociatedwiththepigtailedcooliesButduringthelasttwodecadesonecanhardlyignoretherapidprogressofChinaThreemonthsafterChinawontherighttostagetheirfirstOlympicsin,ChinacappedthemostsignificantyearinitssportinghistorywhenthenationalsoccerteamreachedtheWorldCupfinalsforthefirsttimeHowcan'tpeoplebefascinatedwithsuchanenergeticcountrywithalongandcolorfulculture!Weshouldcherish,rejuvenateandpopularizeourcultureasaggressivelyasAmericansdoWeareconfidentthatabettereducatedChinaarmedwithmodernscienceandtechnologywillsurprisetheworldwithgreaterprogressHownicetobeamodernChinese!.DIRECTIONS:Studythefollowingsetofdrawingscarefullyandwriteanessayinwhichyoushould)describethesetofdrawings,interpretitsmeaning,and)pointoutitsimplicationsinourlifeYoushouldwriteaboutwordsneatlyonANSWERSHEET(points)**谋篇分析根据提纲中的信息)describethesetofdrawings,interpretitsmeaning,本文开头需要两个段落即描述漫画段引出暗含主题段。根据提纲中的信息)pointoutitsimplicationsinourlife本篇文章下文要体现出作者对该现象的评论即这种现象在生活中的具体表现和最后得出的结论。☆SAMPLEHowimpressivethesetofdrawingsare!Inthefirstdrawing,itisstronglywindyandheavilyrainyoutside,andyettheflowerinthegreenhouseisatitsbest,withoutanyinfluencefromtheterribleweatherconditionIntheseconddrawing,however,thingsarequitedifferentWhenexposedtotheoutsidewindandrain,theflowerappearsweakenoughandfailstostandagainstthebadweatherWecandeducefromthesetwovividdrawingsthatonecanhardlychallengepossibledrawbacksifhestaysinacomfortablesurroundingtoolongaperiodoftimetolacktheabilitytocopewithhardshipsLikeatigerthatisfosteredbymanSetitfreeintheforest,anditwillnotpossiblysurviveWhathasbeendiscussedabovecarriesgreatimplicationsforourdailylife,esphowtobettereducatechildrenWiththestandardoflivingimproving,peopletendtoprovidetheirchildrenwithmaterialcomfortandasaresult,childrenareoftenspoiledTheymaypossiblysucceedwiththeprotectionofthecomfortonthesurfaceButwhatiftheyleavethesocalledcomfortTolivealone,theycanbarelydotofacedrawbacks,theywillneverdoMuchworse,they'llprobablybedestroyedbytheharshrealityasmiserablyastheflowerItisselfevidentthattheeducationoftheyoungisvitaltothenationDon'tletthembaskinthegreenhouseallthetimeHavetheyexposedtotheoutsidesurroundingandthey'llbestrongerandbetterpreparedfortheirfuture.DIRECTIONS:Studythefollowingdrawingcarefullyandwriteanessayinwhichyoushould)describethedrawing,)interpretitsmeaning,and)supportyourviewwithexamplesYoushouldwriteaboutwordsneatlyonANSWERSHEET(points)**谋篇分析根据提纲中的信息)describethedrawing,本文开头需要一个独立的段落即描述漫画段。根据提纲中的信息)interpretitsmeaning本篇文章下文要体现出作者对该现象的评论即漫画所传递的深刻含义。根据提纲中的信息)supportyourviewwithexamples本篇文章结尾处要体现出作者对该现象的评论即引用具体实例阐述漫画表达的观点。☆SAMPLEAsisshowninthepicture,onarrivingatthefinishinglineofaraceontheplayground,theactiveyoungmanhastocontinuehisnewjourneyinnotimeinsteadofstoppingtotakearestHehassuccessfullysettledthepuzzleof“stoppingorgoingon”whichmighthaveconfusedmanyothersWiththeincreasingpaceofmodernlife,perhapsnochangehascharacterizedthepastdecademoredramaticallythanthatofpeople'sviewontheirownlifeItisgenerallyagreeduponthatpeoplehavetoadjustthemselvestothisnewchangeOntheonehand,nodoubt,peoplewillgainalotbysettingnewgoalsintheirdailylifeTakethefamousscientistThomasEdisonforexampleHehaddoneverywellinhisearlylife,butcontinuedtopursuesomethingmoredifficultallthroughhislifeOntheotherhand,ifoneisobsessedwiththesuccesshehasachieved,hewouldlosethechancetopursuenewsuccessWhatismore,hemaybecomethesalveofhissuccessTherearemanycasesshowingthatpeoplelosetheircouragetobetterthemselvesafterbecomingsuccessfulTosumup,one'sviewonhissuccessdetermineshisfutureInmyopinion,itisnecessarytocarryoutanationwidecampaignpublicizingpeoplewhohaveaburningdesireformoreand

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作文大点兵——考研英语作文行文流程实例详解(10页打印版)

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