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首页 *新书上架*论他者

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*新书上架*论他者

九月虺
2009-07-31 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

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EssaysOnOthernessJeanLaplancheisoneofthemosttrenchantpsychoanalyticthinkersofourtimeTheseessaysinparticularclarifyanumberofthemesthathavenotyetbeenadequatelyintroducedtoanEnglishspeakingaudienceJudithButler,UniversityofCalifornia,BerkeleyEssaysOnOthernessoffersthemostoriginal,philosophicallysophisticated,andfarreachingcriticalreadingofFreud’smetapsychologysinceLacanExegeticallyscrupulousandrigorouslyargued,theseessaysgostraighttotheheartofthepsychoanalyticalenterprisePeterOsborne,ProfessorofModernEuropeanPhilosophy,MiddlesexUniversityEssaysOnOthernesspresents,forthefirsttimeinEnglish,akeyselectionfromtherecentworkofJeanLaplancheHeisoneofthemostimportanttheoristsofcontemporarypsychoanalysisHisworktakesthedecenteringofthesubjectbeyondthefamiliarparametersofpoststructuralisttheorytowardsanewunderstandingofothernessintheformationofhumansubjectivityThecentralthemeofEssaysOnOthernessistheroleoftheotherinpsychiclifeSinceFreud’snewlycontroversialabandonmentofhisseductiontheoryin,psychoanalysishasgivenprioritytotheinnatedevelopmentprogramoftheindividualovertheintersubjectiverelationtotheotherpersonLaplanchereturnstoandreformulatesFreud’sabandonedseductiontheoryasageneraltheoryofprimalseduction:aseductionintrinsictotheeverydayrelationsofchildcareandnurturingEssaysOnOthernessreformulatessomeofthecentralcategoriesofpsychoanalysisleadingtoanewunderstandingoftheanalyticsituation,oftheroleofseductionandtransferenceinculturalproduction,andanewpsychoanalytictheoryofhumantimeItsimplicationswilltransformthecurrentcontroversiesoverrecoveredmemoryandtheaftereffectsoftraumaandsexualabuseTheessaysgatheredtogetherhereforthefirsttimeareindispensablereadingforallthoseconcernedwiththeimplicationsofcontemporarydevelopmentsinpsychoanalysisJeanLaplancheisProfessorEmeritusofPsychoanalysisattheUniversityofParis,(VII)iiWarwickStudiesinEuropeanPhilosophyEditedbyAndrewBenjaminProfessorofPhilosophy,UniversityofWarwickThisseriespresentsthebestandmostoriginalworkbeingdonewithintheEuropeanphilosophicaltraditionThebooksincludedintheseriesseeknotmerelytoreflectwhatistakingplacewithinEuropeanphilosophy,butalsotocontributetothegrowthanddevelopmentofthatpluraltraditionWorkwrittenintheEnglishlanguageaswellastranslationsintoEnglisharetobeincluded,engagingthetraditionatalllevelswhetherbyintroductionsthatshowthecontemporaryphilosophicalforceofcertainworks,orbycollectionsthatexploreanimportantthinkerortopic,orbysignificantcontributionsthatcallfortheirowncriticalevaluationTitlesalreadypublishedintheseriesWalterBenjamin’sPhilosophyEditedbyAndrewBenjaminandPeterOsborneBataille:WritingtheSacredEditedbyCarolynBaileyGillEmmanuelLevinas:TheGenealogyofEthicsJohnLlewelynMauriceBlanchot:TheDemandofWritingEditedbyCarolynBaileyGillBodyandImageSpace:RereadingWalterBenjaminSigridWeigel(transGeorginaPaul)PassioninTheory:ConceptionsofFreudandLacanRobynFerrellHegelAfterDerridaEditedbyStuartBarnettRetreatingthePoliticalPhilippeLacoueLabartheandJeanLucNancyOnJeanLucNancy:TheSenseofPhilosophyEditedbyDarrenSheppard,SimonSparksandColinThomasDeleuzeandPhilosophy:TheDifferenceEngineerEditedbyKeithAnsellPearsonVeryLittle…AlmostNothing:Death,Philosophy,LiteratureSimonCritchleyBlanchot:ExtremeContemporaryLeslieHillTexturesofLight:VisionandTouchinIrigaray,LevinasandMerleauPontyCathrynVasseleuiiiEssaysOnOthernessJeanLaplancheLondonandNewYorkFirstpublishedbyRoutledgeNewFetterLane,LondonECPEEThiseditionpublishedintheTaylorFranciseLibrary,“TopurchaseyourowncopyofthisoranyofTaylorFrancisorRoutledge’scollectionofthousandsofeBookspleasegotowwweBookstoretandfcouk”SimultaneouslypublishedintheUSAandCanadabyRoutledgeWestthStreet,NewYork,NY©,,,JeanLaplancheeditedbyJohnFletcherEnglishtranslationRoutledge,Chapters,,,,,andoriginallypublishedinFrenchbyAubierinJeanLaplanche,Larévolutioncopernicienneinachevée,AllrightsreservedNopartofthisbookmaybereprintedorreproducedorutilizedinanyformorbyanyelectronic,mechanical,orothermeans,nowknownorhereafterinvented,includingphotocopyingandrecording,orinanyinformationstorageorretrievalsystem,withoutpermissioninwritingfromthepublishersBritishLibraryCataloguinginPublicationDataAcataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataAcataloguerecordforthisbookhasbeenrequestedISBNMasterebookISBNISBN(hbk)ISBN(pbk)ThepublicationofthisbookissupportedbytheCulturalServiceoftheFrenchEmbassyinLondonContentsAcknowledgementsviiIntroduction:PsychoanalysisandtheQuestionoftheOtherbyJohnFletcherTheUnfinishedCopernicanRevolutionAShortTreatiseontheUnconsciousTheDriveanditsSourceObject:itsFateintheTransferenceImplantation,IntromissionInterpretationbetweenDeterminismandHermeneutics:aRestatementoftheProblemSeduction,Persecution,RevelationMasochismandtheGeneralTheoryofSeductionTransference:itsProvocationbytheAnalystTimeandtheOtherNotesonAfterwardsnessSelectBibliographyIndexAcknowledgementsInternationalJournalofPsychoanalysisfortheuseof‘InterpretationbetweenDeterminismandHermeneutics:aRestatementoftheProblem’,InternationalJournalofPsychoanalysis(),–‘Seduction,Persecution,Revelation’,InternationalJournalofPsychoanalysis(),–Copyright©InstituteofPsychoAnalysisJeanLaplanchefortheuseofarticlesfromLarévolutioncopernicienneinachevée,©Aubier,,andfortheuseof‘AShortTreatiseontheUnconscious’,LaNouvelleRevuedePsychanalyse,no,Paris:Gallimard,EditionsAubierFlammarionfortheuseofarticlesfromLarévolutioncopernicienneinachevéeTheUnfinishedCopernicanRevolution,©Aubier,Paris,TheInstituteofContemporaryArtsfortheuseof‘NotesonAfterwardsness’whichisanextensivelyrevisedversionofaconversationwithMartinStantonwhichfirstappearedinJohnFletcherandMartinStanton,eds,JeanLaplanche:Seduction,TranslationandtheDrives:ADossier,©InstituteofContemporaryArts,London,Essays,,,,,andwerepreviouslypublishedinLarévolutioncopernicienneinachevée,Paris:Aubier,Essayfirstappearedas‘Courttraitédel’inconscient’,NouvelleRevuedePsychanalyse,no,Autumn,,pp–Essayfirstappearedas‘Séduction,Persécution,Révélation’,inPsychanalyseàl’Université,vol,no,,pp–Essays,,,,andweretranslatedbyLukeThurstonEssaywasretranslatedbyLeslieHillforthisvolumeEssaysandfirstappearedinEnglishintheInternationalJournalofPsychoanalysisandweretranslatedbyPhilipSlotkin,andrevisedbyProfessorLaplancheEssayisbasedonaconversationwithMartinStantonthatappearedinJeanLaplanche:Seduction,TranslationandtheDrives,edsJohnFletcherandMartinStanton,InstituteofContemporaryArts,London,,andhasbeenextensivelyrevisedbyProfessorLaplancheforthisvolumeIwouldliketothankbothProfessorLaplancheandDrLeslieHill,UniversityofWarwick,fortheirextensivehelpwiththelaboriousprocessofeditingandrevisingthetranslationsJohnFletcherviiiIntroduction:PsychoanalysisandtheQuestionoftheOtherTheessaysinthisvolumerepresentthemostimportanttheoreticaldevelopmentsintherecentworkofJeanLaplancheMostofthemaretakenfromtheFrenchcollectionLarévolutioncopernicienneinachevéewhosetitleessayappearsinthisvolumeTheyhavebeenselectedbecausetheyfocusontheprimacyoftheotherintheformationofsubjectivityasconceivedbyLaplancheinhisreturntoandreformulationofFreud’sabandoned‘seductiontheory’ThisreturnandreformulationhavebeenthebasisforLaplanche’scritiqueoftraditionalFreudianmetapsychologyandforhisproposed‘newfoundations’forthetheoryofpsychoanalysisOverthelastthirtyyearsLaplanchehasproducedacriticalarchaeologyoftheFreudianconceptualfield,ofitscontradictorylogicsandofthecrucialroleofcertain‘lost’conceptswithinittheprimalfantasies,‘leaningon’(Anlehnung,Strachey’s‘anaclisis’),afterwardsness(Nachträglichkeit,Strachey’s‘deferredaction’)HeisbestknownintheEnglishlanguageworldasthecoauthorwithJeanBertrandPontalisofthegreatcriticalandtheoreticaldictionaryTheLanguageofPsychoanalysis(),andinliteraryandfilmstudiesasthecoauthor,alsowithPontalis,oftheclassicessayontheprimalfantasiestranslatedas‘FantasyandtheOriginsofSexuality’()Fromthisworkofretrievalandcriticalreconstructionhasemergedinaseriesofpublished‘seminars’thefivevolumeProblématiques(–),areformulationoftheconceptualgroundsofpsychoanalysisofwhichNewFoundationsParis:Aubier,SeeNewFoundationsforPsychoanalysis(b),transDavidMacey,Oxford:BasilBlackwell,‘FantasyandtheOriginsofSexuality’,FormationsofFantasy,edsVictorBurgin,JamesDonaldandCoraKaplan,London:Methuen,TheLanguageofPsychoanalysis(),transDonaldNicholsonSmith,London:TheHogarthPress,()providesaretrospectiveoverviewThisworkcontinueswithLefourvoiementbiologisantdelasexualitéchezFreud()TheessayscollectedherepresenttheconstitutiveroleoftheotherinpsychiclifewithinLaplanche’sgeneralisedtheoryofprimalororiginaryseductionandtheyworkthroughitsradicalimplicationsforcertainkeycategoriesandconceptsoftraditionalmetapsychology:repression,thedrives,primalfantasy,afterwardsness,paranoia,masochism,transference,mourningand,ofcourse,theunconsciousitselfTheyalsodrawoutitsimplicationsforanewpsychoanalyticunderstandingofhumantimeInitsopeningessay‘TheUnfinishedCopernicanRevolution’,thepresentvolumeintroducesLaplanche’sreposingofFreudianmetapsychologyinrelationtothequestionoftheotherthroughthethemeofthedecenteringofthehumansubject,athemethathasbeencharacteristicofpoststructuralistthoughtespeciallyinFrance,fromthestothesLaplancheaddressesthisthemethroughFreud’sfamouspositioningofhisworkasoneofthethreeworldhistoricblowstohumannarcissism,eachofwhichissaidtohavebroughtaboutadecenteringofthehumanbeing‘Man’inrelationtothecosmos(Copernicus),tothenaturalworldanditsevolution(Darwin),andtohisownnature(Freudhimself)Theconflictingtraditionsofastronomicalspeculationinwesternthoughtweredividedbetweenadominantgeocentricorearthcenteredmodeloftheuniverse(representedinthe‘greatsynthesis’ofPtolemyinthesecondcenturyAD)andaminorityheliocentricorsuncenteredone(fromAristarchusofSamosinthethirdcenturyBCtoCopernicusandGalileoatthebeginningofthemodernera,andbeyond)Atissue,asLaplanchesuggests,wasthequestionof‘centering’:whetherthestarsandplanetsmovedaroundafixedpoint,theearthorwhethertheearthmovedaroundthesun,andthe‘fixed’starsandconstellationswereatdistancesbeyondtheearth’ssolarsystem,thusopeningupthepossibilityofaquasiinfiniteuniversewithoutasinglecenterInaratherdifferentwayfromFreud,LaplancheproposesanilluminatinganalogybetweenmetapsychologyandthesocalledCopernicanRevolutionHearguesthat,‘ifFreudishisownProblématiquesI–V,Paris:PressesUniversitairesdeFrance,–LefourvoiementbiologisantdelasexualitéchezFreud,Paris:Synthélabo,‘ADifficultyinthePathofPsychoAnalysis’(a),SEXVII,pp–ESSAYSONOTHERNESSCopernicus,heisalsohisownPtolemy’,describingaconstantoscillationinFreud’sthoughtbetweenaformulationofconceptsandargumentsthatposearadicaldecenteringofthehumanpsyche,Freud’s‘CopernicanRevolution’,andacontinuallyresurgentmovementofPtolemaicrecentering,thateitherabandonsthoseelementsordrawsthembackintoanendogenousmodelofpsychiclifeTothisdialecticbetweenadecenteringtowhichFreudofficiallyalignshimselfandarecurrentrecentering,Laplanchejoinsthediagnosticnotionofawanderingorgoingastray(fourvoiement)ofFreudianthoughtThischaracteristicallymanifestsitselfintheinsistenceofametaphoricalbiologyormetabiology(althoughitmaytakeotherforms),andasmuchastheinitialdiscoveriesismarkedbyacertaintheoreticalnecessity(exigence)thatisdeterminedbyitsobject:thehumanpsycheanditsformation(Lefourvoiementbiologisant…,opcit,pp–)ThesewanderingsastrayaremagnetisedanddrawnbytheobjectofinquiryevenwhentheyleadtoanimpasseThecoveringoverandocclusionofthediscoveryoftheradicalothernessoftheunconsciousandofsexualityinFreud’sthought,Laplanchesuggests,traceoutthemovementsofjustsuchacoveringoverinthehumansubjectitselfInaformulaparodyingHaeckel’slawofwhichFreudwassoenamoured‘ontogenesisthedevelopmentofthehumanbeingreproducesthestagesofphylogenesisthedevelopmentofthespecies’Laplancheformulates‘Laplanche’slaw’inwhich‘theoreticogenesis’,thedevelopmentoftheory,reproducesontogenesis,thefateofsexualityandtheunconsciousinthehumanbeingAnumberofFreud’scentralconceptstheego,narcissism,theunconscious,thesexual‘instinct’aremarkedbyanoscillationbetweendistinctandcompetingconceptualisationsinwhichanoriginalbreakthroughiscoveredoverbyarevisionthatinitiatesacertaingoingastrayoftheconceptalongastructurallydeterminedpathSoJeffreyMehlmanintheintroductiontohistranslationofLaplanche’sLifeandDeathinPsychoanalysis()notesthatLaplanche’sanalyseslocateaconflictinhabitingeachoftheseterms,suchthat‘theentirebodyofFreud’sœuvreisconstitutedbyLaplancheasanelaboratelystructuredpolemicalfieldinwhichtwomutuallyexclusiveconceptualschemesmaybeseentobestruggling,asitwere,todominateorcathectasingleterminologicalapparatus’LifeandDeath,theProblématiquesandtherecentLefourvoiementbiologisantdemonstratethedisplacements,compensationsandretrievalsinternaltothegeneral‘TheUnfinishedCopernicanRevolution’inthisvolume,pINTRODUCTIONeconomyofFreudianthoughtthatareconsequentuponsuchstrayingsThemoststrikingoftheseisthereappearanceofanoriginalconceptionofasexualcomponentdrivepressingrepetitivelytowardstheunbindingthatseparatesthelibidofromitsunconsciousrepresentations,andtendstowardsabsolutedischargeThisconceptionhadbeenlostintheabsorptionofsexualityintothetotalisingdynamicof‘Eros’,thenew‘lifeinstinct’However,the‘daemonic’sexualdrivereturnsindisplacedform,Laplancheargues,inFreud’sdeliriouslyspeculative,metabiologicalelaborationofthe‘deathinstinct’LaplanchesketchesoutthreemajorstrayingsofFreudianthoughtwhichcanbeclearlydefined,hesuggestsprovocatively,bywhattheyleadto,bytheirpostFreudianprogeny(Lefourvoiementbiologisant,opcit,pp–)ThefirstinvolvesthebiologisingofsexualityandfindsitsdirectdescendantsinMelanieKleinandherfollowersThesecond,whichfindsitsheirsinthestructuralismofLacan,consistsofsituatingstructureorthestructuralintheheartoftheunconsciousAthirdgoingastrayisindicatedbythethemeofthePtolemaicreconstructionorrecenteringofthehumanbeingonitself(thelegacyofwhichonemightseeatworkinclassicalegopsychology)Theessaysgatheredhereseektousetheanalysisofa‘decentering’anda‘straying’toprolongthe‘Copernican’dynamicofFreud’sunfinishedrevolution,andtoconfrontcertainkeymetapsychologicalconceptswiththeconstitutiveactionoftheotherthattheir‘excentric’butforeshortenedmovementopensontoIndoingsotheyelaborateanunderstandingof‘otherness’oftheexternalotherandoftheinternalother,andoftherelationbetweenthemthatamountstoarefoundationofpsychoanalytictheoryTheReturntoFreud’sSpecialTheoryofSeductionInthecurrentcontroversiesoverchildsexualabuseandtherecoveredfalsememorysyndrome,FreudisattackedbypolemicistsonbothsidesbutforoppositereasonsJeffreyMassoninTheAssaultonTruth(),subtitled‘Freud’sSuppressionoftheSeductionTheory’,claimsthatFreudhadnotsomuchchangedhismindas,throughafailureofmoralcouragewhenfacedwiththeconsequencesofhisfindings,‘suppressed’thetruthoftheLifeandDeathinPsychoanalysis(),transJeffreyMehlman,Baltimore:TheJohnsHopkinsUniversityPress,,pixESSAYSONOTHERNESSextensivenessofchildabuseFrederickCrewsinTheMemoryWars()claimsthatthescenesofchildabusecitedbyFreudwerenotdirectlyrecalledbutweretheresultofinterpretationandreconstruction,andconsequentlythatFreudhadinventedthemandforcedthemonhispatientsHoweverretrospectivelysimplifiedandsweepingFreud’slateraccountsoftheabandonedseductiontheoryanditsmaterialswere,itisclearfromthecorrespondencewithFliessthatsomepatientsdiddirectlypresentconsciousmemoriesofincestandabuse,andthatevenaftertheabandonmentofthetheoryFreudacknowledgedboththeoccurrenceandthedestructiveeffectsofsucheventsThecrucialquestion,however,isthesignificancetobeattributedtosucheventsandwhattheywerebeinginvokedtoproveFreudhadbeenattemptingtoexplainandtherebycurehystericalandobsessionalsymptoms,bytracingthembacktorepressedmemoriesofsexualscenesinearlychildhoodWhilehisconcernwastoaccountfora

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