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首页 *新书上架*【黑格尔研究】黑格尔与基督教神学:对黑格尔宗教哲学讲座的解读

*新书上架*【黑格尔研究】黑格尔与基督教神学:对黑格尔宗教哲学讲座的解读.pdf

*新书上架*【黑格尔研究】黑格尔与基督教神学:对黑格尔宗教哲学…

九月虺
2009-07-29 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《*新书上架*【黑格尔研究】黑格尔与基督教神学:对黑格尔宗教哲学讲座的解读pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

HegelandChristianTheologyThispageintentionallyleftblankHegelandChristianTheologyAReadingoftheLecturesonthePhilosophyofReligionPETERCHODGSONGreatClarendonStreetOxfordoxdpOxfordUniversityPressisadepartmentoftheUniversityofOxfordItfurtherstheUniversity’sobjectiveofexcellenceinresearch,scholarship,andeducationbypublishingworldwideinOxfordNewYorkAucklandCapeTownDaresSalaamHongKongKarachiKualaLumpurMadridMelbourneMexicoCityNairobiNewDelhiShanghaiTaipeiTorontoWithofficesinArgentinaAustriaBrazilChileCzechRepublicFranceGreeceGuatemalaHungaryItalyJapanSouthKoreaPolandPortugalSingaporeSwitzerlandThailandTurkeyUkraineVietnamPublishedintheUnitedStatesbyOxfordUniversityPressIncNewYork�PeterCHodgsonThemoralrightsoftheauthorhavebeenassertedDatabaserightOxfordUniversityPress(maker)FirstpublishedFirstpublishedinpaperbackAllrightsreservedNopartofthismaybereproduced,storedinaretrievalsystem,ortransmitted,inanyformorbyanymeans,withoutthepriorpermissioninwritingofOxfordUniversityPress,orasexpresslypermittedbylaw,orundertermsagreedwiththeappropriatereprographicsrightsorganizationEnquiriesconcerningreproductionoutsidethescopeoftheaboveshouldbesenttotheRightsDepartment,OxfordUniversityPress,attheaddressaboveYoumustnotcirculatethisbookinanyotherbindingorcoverandyoumustimposethissameconditiononanyacquirerBritishLibraryCataloguinginPublicationDataDataavailableLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataDataappliedforTypesetbySPIPublisherServices,Pondicherry,IndiaPrintedinGreatBritainonacidfreepaperbyBiddlesLtd,King’sLynn,NorkfolkISBN––––(Hbk)––––(Pbk)prefaceInthesaneweditionofGeorgWilhelmFriedrichHegel’sLecturesonthePhilosophyofReligionappearedinGerman,English,andSpanishIassistedtheprincipaleditor,WalterJaeschke,inpreparingtheGermantext,andIcoordinatedtheEnglishtranslationbyRobertFBrown,JMichaelStewart,andmyselfThisisacriticaleditionthatdistinguishesHegel’sfourseriesoflectures(,,,),whichdifferfromeachotherquitesignificantly,andestablishesacriticaltextforthefirstthreeseriesThepreviouseditionsconflatedthelecturesintoaneditoriallyconstructedtextthatoftenobscuresHegel’sdistinctiveargumentsandemphasesNowitispossibletostudyHegel’sphilosophyofreligiononalevelofaccuracyandinsighthithertounattainableAftermydecadelongengagementwiththetranslation,IneededabreakfromHegelandforthenextseveralyearspursuedotherprojectsIdid,however,editananthologyofhiswritingsonreligionentitledGWFHegel:TheologianoftheSpiritDuringthepastfifteenyearsseveralvaluablestudieshaveappearedthatmakeuseofthenewedition,buttheydonotcentrallyengagethespeculativereconstructionofChristiantheologythatisaccomplishedbyHegel’slectures,nordotheyprovideaclosereadingofthetextasawholeThusanopeningexistsforabooksuchasthepresentoneMyviewisthatHegel’sPhilosophyofReligionisoneofthetwoorthreemostimportantresourcesfromthenineteenthcenturyfortheologyasitfacesthechallengesofmodernityandpostmodernityTheothersareFriedrichSchleiermacher’sChristianFaithandSørenKierkegaard’sFragmentsandPostscriptHegel,Schleiermacher,andKierkegaardofferquitedifferentroutesbeyondthetheologicalimpasseposedbytherepresentativethinkeroftheEnlightenment,ImmanuelKant,andtheseroutescontinuetobeproductivetodayThepurposeofthepresentmonographistomakethecaseasfarasHegelisconcernedThefirsttwochaptersincorporateeditorialmaterialIpreparedfortheanthologyTheyarguethatHegel’sphilosophyofreligionisaphilosophicaltheologyfocusedontheconceptofspirit(Geist),andtheyprovideanoverviewofhiswritingsonreligionpriortothephilosophyofreligionChapter,basedontheIntroductiontothelectures,analysesHegel’sconceptionoftheobjectandpurposeofphilosophyofreligionandhiscritiqueofthetheologyofhisowntimeChapterexamineshisapproachtoChristianitywithintheframeworkoftheconceptofreligion,whileChapterfocusesontheconcept,knowledge,andworshipofGodthesetwochaptersdrawonmaterialsfromthefirstmainpartofthelectures,TheConceptofReligionThenextfourchapters,Chapters–,engagecentralthemesofChristiantheologyastheyarepresentedinthethirdpartofthelectures,TheConsummateReligion:thetriuneGodasabsolutespiritcreation,humanity,andevilChristandreconciliationSpiritandcommunityChapterevaluatesHegel’sconceptionoftheplaceofChristianityamongthereligionsoftheworldastheyarepresentedinthesecondmainpartofthelectures,DeterminateReligionTheconcludingchapterdrawsthesematerialstogetherintoacaseforthecontemporarytheologicalsignificanceofHegelHereIidentifysixsetsofdistinctionsorcurrentlycontestedsitesandtheirHegelianresolutionTheresultantcategoriesspirit,wholeness,narrative,Christ,community,pluralismareviewedascontributingvaluableresourcestotheologicalreflectiontodayIalsoidentifypointsatwhichHegel’sthinkingaboutreligionandtheologyneedscorrectioninlightofongoingexperienceandfurtherreflectionOxfordUniversityPressisassumingthepublicationoftheLecturesonthePhilosophyofReligionandofothernewlyeditedandtranslatedlecturesbyHegelIampleasedthatthismonographwillaccompanythereissuingofthetextsometwentyyearsafteritfirstappearedRupertCousens,HilaryO’Shea,andLucyQureshihelpedtomakethishappenTothemandtothereadersforthePressIamgratefulPETERCHODGSONviPrefacecontentsNotesontheTextxpartoneintroductionHegelasaTheologianoftheSpiritHegel’sLifeandCareerinBriefSpeculativePhilosophyandtheLogicalDeepStructurePhilosophyofReligionasTheologyTheologianoftheSpiritHegel’sWritingsonReligionEarlyTheologicalWritingsJenaWritingsPhenomenologyofSpiritEncyclopediaofthePhilosophicalSciencesForewordtoHinrichs’sReligionTheFourVersionsoftheLecturesonthePhilosophyofReligionHegelandtheTheologyofHisTimeTheObjectandPurposeofthePhilosophyofReligionCharacteristicsofModernityCritiqueofPreviousandConcurrentTheologiesSpeculativePhilosophyofReligionandTheologyparttwoelementsofahegelianchristiantheologyChristianityandtheConceptofReligionTheThreefoldDivisionofthePhilosophyofReligionTheConceptofReligionChristianityastheConsummate,RevelatoryReligionSpeculativeRedescriptionoftheChristianMetanarrativeTheConcept,Knowledge,andWorshipofGodTheConceptofReligionandtheConceptofGodTheAbstractConceptofGodTheKnowledgeofGodProofsoftheExistenceofGodTheWorshipofGodTrinity:GodasAbsoluteSpiritAbsoluteSpiritandTrinityTheChristianDoctrineoftheTrinityTheSpeculativeIdeaoftheTrinityTracesandAnticipationsoftheTrinityCreation,Humanity,andEvilCreationoftheWorldHumanNatureTheStoryoftheFallKnowledge,Estrangement,EvilChristandReconciliationThePossibility,Necessity,andActualityofReconciliationTheMinistry,Teaching,andPersonofChristTheDeathofChristTheResurrectionandAscensionofChristSpiritandCommunityTransitionfromtheSensibletotheSpiritualPresenceofChristTheIntersubjectivityoftheCommunityoftheSpiritInstitutionalFormsoftheCommunityoftheSpiritTheCommunityandtheWorldThePassingAwayoftheCommunityviiiListofContentsChristianityandWorldReligionsWorldReligionsinthePhilosophyofReligionFourRenditionsofDeterminateReligionConceptualPlay:AGeographyofReligionsHegel’sAffinitywithandCritiqueofAsianReligionsHegel’sEvolvingTreatmentofJudaismTowardaReligionoftheConcreteSpiritpartthreeconclusionTheTheologicalSignificanceofHegelTodayHegel’sGod:CounterfeitorRealHeterodoxyandOntotheology:SpiritTotalityandInfinity:WholenessLanguageandHistory:NarrativeTragedyandRedemption:ChristSelfandOther:CommunityUnityandDiversity:PluralismBibliographyIndexListofContentsixnotesonthetextLecturesonthePhilosophyofReligion,editedbyPeterCHodgson,translatedbyRFBrown,PCHodgson,andJMStewartwiththeassistanceofHSHarris,vols(BerkeleyandLosAngeles:UniversityofCaliforniaPress,,,Oxford:OxfordUniversityPress,)ReferencestothisworkarecitedintextbyvolumeandpagenumberThelectureseriesfromwhichthecitationsderivecanbedeterminedfromthefollowingtableVolumeIntroduction––––TheConcept––––ofReligion–VolumeDeterminateReligion––––VolumeTheConsummateReligion––––Aonevolumeeditioncontainingthetextofthelecturesofisalsoavailable(UniversityofCaliforniaPress,OxfordUniversityPress,)CorrespondingpagesofthiseditioncanbefoundbyreferringtotheGermanpaginationthatisprintedinthemarginsofbotheditionsThisbookfollowstheconventionoftheEnglisheditionregardingtheuseoflowercaseforHegel’sphilosophicalterminologyThus‘spirit’iswritteninlowercase(includingthephilosophicalnameofGod,‘absolutespirit’),exceptwhenthereferenceistotheHolySpiritoftheTrinitypartoneIntroductionThispageintentionallyleftblankHegelasaTheologianoftheSpirithegel’slifeandcareerinbriefTheyearwasauspiciousforartandthoughtThespringofthatyearbroughtthebirthofFriedrichHo¨lderlinandWilliamWordsworth,andthewinter,LudwigvanBeethovenBetweenthetwopoetsandthecomposertherewasborn,onAugust,onewhoachievedinphilosophyagreatnesscomparabletotheirsinpoetryandmusic,GeorgWilhelmFriedrichHegelAmongthebirthyearmatestherewasamysticallinkagePerhapsitisnottoofancifultosuggestthatHegelbecametheBeethovenofphilosophy,andBeethoventheHegelofmusicfortheybothsoughtpattern,harmony,andredemptioninandthroughaworldofconflict,disharmony,andsufferingThemusicofBeethoven,likethephilosophyofHegel,manifeststheawesometragicwholenessoflifeinstrikinglybeautifulformulationsHegelsharedsomethingofWordsworth’snaturemysticism,althoughphilosophicallyhewasclosertothegreatergeniusofWordsworth’scompanionandrival,SamuelTaylorColeridge,bornjusttwoyearslaterAsforHegelandHo¨lderlin,thereissadironyinthefactthatthelatter’syouthfulgeniuscametoatragicendinmadnessthesameyearthattheformer’sgreatestworkofgeniuswaspublished,ThischapterandthenextdrawupontheeditorialintroductionandtextualannotationswrittenbytheauthorforGWFHegel:TheologianoftheSpirit,edPeterCHodgson(Minneapolis:FortressPressEdinburgh:TTClark,)UsedbypermissionofAugsburgFortressPublishersThedefinitivebiographyisbyTerryPinkard,Hegel:ABiography(Cambridge:CambridgeUniversityPress,)Forthisfirstsection,seealsoFranzWiedmann,Hegel:AnIllustratedBiography,transJoachimNeugroschel(NewYork:Pegasus,)Jacquesd’Hondt,HegelinHisTime,transJohnBurbidge(Peterborough,Ont:BroadviewPress,)StephenHoulgate,Freedom,TruthandHistory:AnIntroductiontoHegel’sPhilosophy(LondonandNewYork:Routledge,)andRichardKroner,‘Hegel’sPhilosophicalDevelopment’,introductiontoEarlyTheologicalWritings,transTMKnox(Chicago:UniversityofChicagoPress,)ThesonofaWu¨rttembergcivilservant,theyoungHegelattendedtheStuttgartGymnasiumfromto,whereheprovedtobeanexemplarystudentandreadtheclassicalauthorsalongwithShakespeare,Rousseau,Lessing,Goethe,andSchillerHeseemedheadedforacareerinministry,soheenteredthetheologicalseminaryofTu¨bingenin,whereheformedaclosefriendshipwithFriedrichHo¨lderlinandFriedrichSchellingSchellingwasfiveyearsyoungerthanHegelandHo¨lderlinbutenteredtheseminaryasanexceptionallyprecociousstudentonlytwoyearsafterthemThesethree,findingthetheologicalorthodoxyoftheirprofessorsstultifying,educatedthemselvesinthepolitical,literary,andphilosophicalliteratureoftheEnlightenment,andtheyembracedtheidealsoftheFrenchrevolutionwithenthusiasmTheyalsoimbibeddeeplyoftheGermanandSwabianmysticsDuringthisperiodHegelbeganwritingfragmentaryessaysforhisownedification,inwhichamongotherthingsheexploredthepossibilityofcreatinganewfolkreligionthatwouldintegrateallaspectsoflifeHegelcompletedhisstudiesin,buthedidnottakeupacareerinministryInsteadheacceptedapositionashousetutorforawealthyfamilyinBern,Switzerland,wherehehadconsiderablefreetimeandaccesstoarichlibraryHerehebroadenedhisknowledgeofmodernphilosophyandstudiedImmanuelKantseriouslyforthefirsttimeHeproducedmoreexploratoryessaysinwhichhewasseverelycriticalofthe‘positivity’ofChristianitywhileextollingaKantianreligionofmoralityInthefallof,withtheassistanceofHo¨lderlin,heobtainedasimilartutorialpositioninFrankfurt,whichbroughthimintocloserproximitywithhisfriendsHerehebegantoexplorethepossibilityofcombiningthebeautyofGreekfolkreligionwiththemorallawofKantianismintheshapeofspiritualbeautyorlove,whichhenowsawtoconstitutetheheartofChristianityasareligionofspiritSpiritunifiesoppositesinapantheismofloveSeveralofthefragmentswrittenduringthisperiodweregiventhetitle‘TheSpiritofChristianityandItsFate’whentheywerepublished,alongwithHegel’sotherearlywritings,inbyHermanNohlUponhisfather’sdeathin,HegelreceivedamodestinheritancethatallowedhimtoacceptapositionasanunsalariedThisandotherwritingsonreligionpriortotheLecturesonthePhilosophyofReligionarediscussedinChapHegelasaTheologianoftheSpiritlecturer(Privatdozent)attheUniversityofJena,wherehejoinedSchellinginStudentspaidsmallfeestoattendhislecturesonlogicandmetaphysics,thephilosophiesofnatureandspirit,ethicsandnaturalright,andthehistoryofphilosophyTheselecturesnotonlyprovidedadditionalincomebutalsogaveHegeltheopportunitytoexperimentwithvariouselementsthatgraduallyevolvedintohisphilosophicalsystemItwasaperiodofremarkableintellectualfertilityforhimHisfirstpublicationsweretwobooklengthessays,TheDifferencebetweenFichte’sandSchelling’sSystemofPhilosophy,andacomparativestudyofImmanuelKant,FriedrichHeinrichJacobi,andJohannGottliebFichteentitledFaithandKnowledgeIn,asNapoleondefeatedthePrussiantroopsattheBattleofJena,Hegelfinishedunderconsiderableduresshismostfamouswork,thePhenomenologyofSpirit,afewhundredcopiesofwhichwereprintedearlyinForfinancialandpersonalreasons,HegelfounditnecessarytoleaveJenaHemovedtoBambergtobecomeeditorofanewspaper,butayearlater,in,hewasfortunatetobeofferedapositionasrectorofaGymnasiuminNuremberg,whereamongotherthingshetaughtreligionandspeculativelogictohispupilsIn,Hegelmarried,beganafamily,andduringthenextfouryears(–)publishedhisScienceofLogicThelatterworksufficientlyestablishedhisreputationthatinhewasoffereduniversityprofessorshipsinHeidelberg,Erlangen,andBerlinTheErlangenandBerlinofferswerecouchedinqualifications,soheacceptedtheofferfromHeidelbergHislecturesthere,coveringafullrangeofphilosophicaltopicswiththeexceptionofreligion,provedtobeagreatsuccess,andhepublishedintheEncyclopediaofthePhilosophicalSciences,acompendiumoftheentiresystemofphilosophyintendedasatextbooktoaccompanyhislecturesInthenextyear,,HegelwasrecruitedbythePrussianMinisterofEducation,KarlvonAltenstein,tobecomeprofessorofphilosophyattheUniversityofBerlin,fillingachairleftvacantbyFichte’sdeathin,andthereheremaineduntilhisdeathThroughtheimpactofhisbooksandlectures,Hegel’sfamespreadthroughoutEurope,andHegelianismbegantoformasaphilosophicalschoolInhecompletedatextbookonpoliticalphilosophy,ElementsofthePhilosophyofRightitwastobethelastbookhepublished(exceptforrevisededitionsoftheEncyclopedia)ThePhilosophyofRightgeneratedconsiderableHegelasaTheologianoftheSpiritcontroversybecauseinitaswellasinhispublicactivityHegelattemptedtosteeramiddlecoursebetweenrevolutionaryandrestorationpoliticsTherewasconsiderablepoliticalturmoilinPrussiaatthetime,andHegelfoundhimselfinthedelicatesituationofbeingsupportedinhisofficebythearistocraticestablishmentwhilesympathizingwithliberalreformmovementsConsequentlyhehadnumerousenemiesontherightandtheleft,andhispositioninBerlinwasnevercompletelysecureInthesummerofHegellecturedforthefirsttimeonphilosophyofreligion,whichwasthefinalmajorelementofhissystemtobeelaboratedindetailWhentheselectureswererepeatedinsubsequentyears,,andtheyvariedgreatlyinstructureandcontent,indicatingthefluidityandopennesswithwhichHegelapproachedthisandothertopicsHewasconstantlyappropriatingnewmaterialandrespondingtospecificissuesandchallengesInastrictsensetheHegeliansystemcameintoexistenceasafixedentityonlyafterHegel’sdeath,whichoccurredsuddenlyonNovember,duringanepidemicofcholeraInlittleoveramonthfollowinghisdeath,hiswife,students,andfriendshadarrangedtopublishhiscollectedworks,includinglecturemanuscriptsandauditors’transcriptions(Nachschriften)onthemajortopicscoveredinBerlinhistoryofphilosophy,logicandmetaphysics,andthephilosophiesofhistory,art,right,andreligionWithHegel’svoicesilenced,hisformerstudentsanddiscipleswithinafewyearsfellintowarringfactionsandthecontroversyoverHegel’sthoughtcontinuestothisdayspeculativephilosophyandthelogicaldeepstructureWhatHegelcametocall‘speculativephilosophy’wasindebtedtoyetdistinctfromthe‘reflectivephilosophyofsubjectivity’thephraseheusedtodescribe,i

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*新书上架*【黑格尔研究】黑格尔与基督教神学:对黑格尔宗教哲学讲座的解读

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