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首页 *新书上架*弗洛伊德的动力:精神分析、文学和电影

*新书上架*弗洛伊德的动力:精神分析、文学和电影.pdf

*新书上架*弗洛伊德的动力:精神分析、文学和电影

九月虺
2009-07-29 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《*新书上架*弗洛伊德的动力:精神分析、文学和电影pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

Freud’sDrivePsychoanalysis,LiteratureandFilmTeresadeLauretisLanguage,Discourse,SocietySeriesEditors:StephenHeath,ColinMacCabeandDeniseRileySelectedpublishedtitles:TeresadeLauretisFREUD’SDRIVEPsychoanalysis,LiteratureandFilmMarkNashSCREENTHEORYCULTURERichardRobinsonNARRATIVESOFTHEEUROPEANBORDERAHistoryofNowhereLyndseyStonebridgeTHEWRITINGOFANXIETYImagingWartimeinMidCenturyBritishCultureAshleyTauchertROMANCINGJANEAUSTENNarrative,RealismandthePossibilityofaHappyEndingReenaDubeSATYAJITRAY’STHECHESSPLAYERSANDPOSTCOLONIALTHEORYCulture,LabourandtheValueofAlterityJohnAnthonyTercierTHECONTEMPORARYDEATHBEDTheUltimateRushEricaSheenandLornaHutsonLITERATURE,POLITICSANDLAWINRENAISSANCEENGLANDJeanJacquesLecercleandDeniseRileyTHEFORCEOFLANGUAGEGeoffGilbertBEFOREMODERNISMWASModernHistoryandtheConstituencyofWritingStephenHeath,ColinMacCabeandDeniseRiley(editors)THELANGUAGE,DISCOURSE,SOCIETYREADERMichaelO’PrayFILM,FORMANDPHANTASYAdrianStokesandFilmAestheticsJamesASnead,editedbyKaraKeeling,ColinMacCabeandCornelWestRACISTTRACESANDOTHERWRITINGSEuropeanPedigreesAfricanContagionsPatriziaLombardoCITIES,WORDSANDIMAGESprexqxd:PMPageiColinMacCabeJAMESJOYCEANDTHEREVOLUTIONOFTHEWORDSecondeditionMoustaphaSafouanSPEECHORDEATHLanguageasSocialOrder:aPsychoanalyticStudyJeanJacquesLecercleDELEUZEANDLANGUAGEPiersGray,editedbyColinMacCabeandVictoriaRothschildSTALINONLINGUISTICSANDOTHERESSAYSGeoffreyWardSTATUTESOFLIBERTYTheNewYorkSchoolofPoetsMoustaphaSafouanJACQUESLACANANDTHEQUESTIONOFPSYCHOANALYTICTRAINING(TranslatedandintroducedbyJacquelineRose)StanleyShostakTHEDEATHOFLIFETheLegacyofMolecularBiologyElizabethCowieREPRESENTINGTHEWOMANCinemaandPsychoanalysisRaymondTallisNOTSAUSSUREACritiqueofPostSaussureanLiteraryTheoryLauraMulveyVISUALANDOTHERPLEASURESIanHunterCULTUREANDGOVERNMENTTheEmergenceofLiteraryEducationLanguage,Discourse,SocietySeriesStandingOrderISBN–––(outsideNorthAmericaonly)YoucanreceivefuturetitlesinthisseriesastheyarepublishedbyplacingastandingorderPleasecontactyourbookselleror,incaseofdifficulty,writetousattheaddressbelowwithyournameandaddress,thetitleoftheseriesandtheISBNquotedaboveCustomerServicesDepartment,MacmillanDistributionLtd,Houndmills,Basingstoke,HampshireRGXS,Englandprexqxd:PMPageiiFreud’sDrive:Psychoanalysis,LiteratureandFilmTeresadeLauretisprexqxd:PMPageiii©TeresadeLauretisAllrightsreservedNoreproduction,copyortransmissionofthispublicationmaybemadewithoutwrittenpermissionNoparagraphofthispublicationmaybereproduced,copiedortransmittedsavewithwrittenpermissionorinaccordancewiththeprovisionsoftheCopyright,DesignsandPatentsAct,orunderthetermsofanylicencepermittinglimitedcopyingissuedbytheCopyrightLicensingAgency,TottenhamCourtRoad,LondonWTLPAnypersonwhodoesanyunauthorisedactinrelationtothispublicationmaybeliabletocriminalprosecutionandcivilclaimsfordamagesTheauthorhasassertedherrighttobeidentifiedastheauthorofthisworkinaccordancewiththeCopyright,DesignsandPatentsActFirstpublishedinbyPALGRAVEMACMILLANHoundmills,Basingstoke,HampshireRGXSandFifthAvenue,NewYork,NYCompaniesandrepresentativesthroughouttheworldPALGRAVEMACMILLANistheglobalacademicimprintofthePalgraveMacmillandivisionofStMartin’sPress,LLCandofPalgraveMacmillanLtdMacmillan®isaregisteredtrademarkintheUnitedStates,UnitedKingdomandothercountriesPalgraveisaregisteredtrademarkintheEuropeanUnionandothercountriesISBN:––––hardbackISBN:–––hardbackThisbookisprintedonpapersuitableforrecyclingandmadefromfullymanagedandsustainedforestsourcesLogging,pulpingandmanufacturingprocessesareexpectedtoconformtotheenvironmentalregulationsofthecountryoforiginAcataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataDeLauretis,TeresaFreud’sdrive:psychoanalysis,literatureandfilmTeresadeLauretispcm(Language,discourse,society)IncludesindexISBN–––(alkpaper)Motionpictures–PsychologicalaspectsPsychoanalysisandmotionpicturesSexinmotionpicturesLiterature–PsychologyFreud,Sigmund,–ITitlePND�dcPrintedandboundinGreatBritainbyCPIAntonyRowe,ChippenhamandEastbourneprexqxd:PMPageivperSimoprexqxd:PMPagevThispageintentionallyleftblankviiContentsAcknowledgementsixIntroduction:DeathWorkReflectionsfortheendofacenturyPsychoanalysis,literature,cinemaBasicInstincts:AnIllustratedGuidetoFreud’sTheoryofDrivesFetishismMelancholiaTheStubbornDrive:Foucault,Freud,FanonTriebandbiopouvoirImplantationTheQueerSpaceoftheDrive:RereadingFreudwithLaplancheThedriveastropeThedriveandtheegoThedeathdriveBecomingInorganic:Cronenberg’seXistenZ,VirtualityandtheDeathDriveCreativedestructionRepetition,refractionCodaTheOdorofMemory:OnReadingDjunaBarneswithFreudThepsycheastextDjunaBarnesandNightwood‘Watchman,whatofthenight’prexqxd:PMPageviiNightwoodbeyondthepleasureprincipleFiguresoftranslationAfterwardsNotesBibliographyIndexofNamesandTitlesIndexofTermsviiiContentsprexqxd:PMPageviiiixAcknowledgementsThisbookwascompletedwiththeaidofafellowshipfromtheInstituteforHumanitiesResearchattheUniversityofCalifornia,SantaCruzandthesupportofmycolleaguesandstudentsintheHistoryofConsciousnessdoctoralprogrammeInparticular,IthankGailHershatter,formerdirectorofIHRGaryLease,formerdepartmentchair,forgrantingmecoursereliefmycolleaguesforexcusingmyabsencesfrommeetingsduringthefinalrevisionofthetypescriptSheilaPeuse,formerdepartmentmanager,forhereverresourcefulfriendshipandmystudentsformakingmethinkbeyondmythoughtsIalsowishtothankKathyDurcanandJohnThompsonofHumanitiesAcademicServicesandJayOlsonofInformationTechnologyServicesfortheirinvaluablehelpthroughoutmyyearsatUCSC,andCherylVandeVeerforherkindassistanceinpreparingthetypescriptTheresearchresultinginthebookwaspresentedinlectures,seminars,andkeynoteaddressesbetweenandIwishtothanktheindividualsandortheinstitutionswhoinvitedme:in,CarlaFrecceroandJodyGreenfortheconference‘NewTechnologiesofGender’,CenterforCulturalStudies,UniversityofCalifornia,SantaCruzin,AnuKoivunenfortheconference‘AffectiveEncounters’,UniversityofTurku,FinlandAntoniaUlrichfortheHochschülederKünsteanddasArsenal,Berlin,GermanytheJoanCarlisleIrvingLectureSeries,UniversityofBritishColumbia,Vancouver,Canadain,ValeriaViganófortheCasadelleLetterature,Rome,ItalyGiuliaColaizzifortheUniversityofValencia,Spainin,ChrisConneryfortheCenterforCulturalStudies,UniversityofCalifornia,SantaCruzLuzCalvofortheEnglishDepartment,OhioStateUniversityGraziaMenechellafortheComparativeLiteratureDepartment,UniversityofWisconsin–MadisonSaraGoodmanfortheFifthEuropeanConferenceonFeministResearch,UniversityofLund,Swedenin,GabrieleJähnertfortheGenderStudiescolloquium,HumboldtUniversity,Berlin,GermanyCristinaPeñamarinBeristainfortheUniversidadComplutense,Madrid,Spainin,UlrikaDahlfortheSalonCopacabana,Stockholm,SwedenGriseldaPollockforCentreCATH,UniversityofLeeds,UKUllaHaselsteinfortheFraenkelLecture,JohnFKennedyInstitute,FreieUniversitätBerlin,GermanyPascaleMolinierandEléonoreLépinardfortheconference‘Epistémologiesdugenre’,MAGECNRS,Conservatoireprexqxd:PMPageixNationaldesArtsetMétiers,Paris,Francein,NamascarShaktiniforthesymposium‘PostTrauma’,FloridaAtlanticUniversityin,LianaBorghiforthedoctoralseminar,FacoltàdiLettere,UniversitàdiFirenze,Florence,ItalyIamespeciallygratefultoProfessorsIngerLövkrona,ErikHedling,AnnaLenaLindberg,EvaÖsterberg,andCatharinaStenqvistattheUniversityofLundfornominatingmeforthePhDhonoriscausaawardedmeinForreadingchapterdraftsatvariousstagesandsharingwithmetheirthoughtsorwritingsonpsychoanalysis,IthankChristopheDejours,JohnFletcher,CarlaFreccero,DavidMarriott,PascaleMolinier,LeoBersani,TimDean,LeeEdelman,PaolaMieli,JerryMillerandBeatrizPreciadoIoweaspecialdebtofgratitudetoJeanLaplancheforinvitingmetohisseminarinParisandforhisgenerousresponsetoanearlyversionofchapterFinally,IthankJillLakeforwelcomingmyprojectatPalgraveMacmillanandChristabelScaifeandRuthWillatsforkindlyshepherdingthebooktopublicationMywarmestthankstoStephenHeathforhisreadingandadvice***EarlyorpartialversionsofsomechaptershaveappearedasorinjournalarticlesAfewparagraphsoftheIntroductionappearedin‘StatementDue’,CriticalInquiry(Winter)AnearlyversionofChapterandsectionsofChapterwerepublishedin‘TheStubbornDrive’,CriticalInquiry(Summer)sectionsofChapteralsoappearedin‘PopularCulture,PublicandPrivateFantasies:FemininityandFetishisminDavidCronenberg’sMButterfly’,Signs()AnearlyversionofChapterwaspublishedas‘BecomingInorganic’,CriticalInquiry(Summer)AshorterversionofChapterappearsinCriticalInquiry(Winter):S–,aspecialsupplementissueforWJTMitchellxAcknowledgementsprexqxd:PMPagexIntroduction:DeathWorkReflectionsfortheendofacentury‘Lamortautravail’ThisphraseofJeanCocteauhasbeenwithmesinceIfirstencounteredit,itsunnervingfigureworkingitswayinmythoughtsandmeanderingthroughthescatteredreflectionsofferedherebywayofintroductionIn,speakingofcinema,JeanMarieStraubglossedittomeanthatcinemaistheonlyartcapableofcapturingtimeinflight,catchingdeathatworkStraubwasarguingagainstthenotionof‘historicalfilm’understoodasafilmthatmoreorlessfaithfullyrepresentsahistoricalsubject,periodoreventOnecanreflectonthepast,hestatedbluntly,butthereisnosuchthingasahistoricalfilmitcannotbemade(‘unfilmhistoriquen’existepas,nepeutpassefaire:onpeutfaireuneréflexionsurlepassé…’)Allthatafilmcandoistodocumentthehistoricalmomentofitsproduction(‘l’époqueoùilaététourné’),thehistoryofitsowntime,thehistoryofitspresentTheproject,orthewish,ofthisbookistoreflectontherelevanceofFreud’stheoryofdrivesforthehistoryofthis,ourpresentLiketheearlydecadesofthetwentiethcentury,ourtimesaremarkedbymassivegeopoliticaltraumaaswellasshiftsintechnological,epistemicandsexualrepresentationalpracticesWhenFreudelaboratedtheideaofadeathdrive,betweentheFirstandSecondWorldWars,hewaslivinginaEuropeundertheshadowofdeathandthethreatofbiologicalandculturalgenocideNow,inthepostmodern,wirelessFirstWorld,violenceeruptsspontaneously,apparentlyunmotivated,inindividualsorcollectivitiesasitdoeselsewherethroughoutthegeopoliticalspaceinthemostcomfortable,civil,managed,socialenvironmentsasinthemostimpoverished,oppressive,controlledonesThewelltodoclamourforreproductiverights,internationaladoptionandthebiotechnologicalintqxd:AMPageextensionofhumanlifethroughprostheses,cloning,stemcellresearch,andsoforth,whileresourcesarediminishingthroughouttheworldandothersaredyingofhunger,collateraldamage,and–yes,again–genocideInthesetimes,withglobalwarfareandgenocidefirmlyplantedonthehorizonofhistory,Freud’sspeculationonthecopresenceoflifeanddeathdrivesinthehumanpsycheandinhumansocietytakesonarenewedsignificanceItwasonlyafewyearsagowefearedtheUnitedNationsmightgothewayoftheLeagueofNations,whenthegeneralissueofgasmaskstomilitaryandcivilianpersonnelreadyingforthesecondGulfWar,digitallymediatedonourcomputerandtelevisionscreens,reactivatedrepressedmemoriesofsurrealistartphotographyandsmudgynewspaperphotosoftheFirstWorldWar,thefirstknowninstanceofintentionalchemicalwarfare,ifweleavesciencefictionasideThehighlywroughtfiguresofDjunaBarnesandVirginiaWoolf–NightwoodandTheAntiphon,MrsDallowayandTotheLighthouse–haveanuncannydoubleinthevisualinscriptionofthedeathdriveinDavidCronenberg’sfilmsCrashandeXistenZThisisnottosaythathistoryrepeatsitself,butratherthatstatesofemergencyhavethecapacitytocollapsehistoryandsuspendthelogicoflineartemporality,asWalterBenjaminsaidofthesInsuchcases,hewrote,‘Thinkinginvolvesnotonlytheflowofthoughts,buttheirarrestaswell’Ifitmaybegrantedthatwhatiscalledtheoryinthehumanitiesisnothingelsethanthinkingabouttheworldinwhichweliveanddie,thentheory,asBenjaminsuggests,involvesnotonlythoughtsthatflowinatemporalmovementtowardsthefutureorthepast,butalsothoughtsthatstopintheirtracksand,intryingtofigureouttheenigmaoftheworldataparticularmoment,assumesomethingofanabstract,spatialshapeThethinkingthatistheory,then,hasbothatemporalandaspatialformitmovesbackwardandforwardintimeonlytovisualizeormakelegibleaspaceinwhichtoliveordie,inthehereandnowInthissense,theoryistimeless,likepoetry,orliketheunconsciousasFreudconceivedit–andbytimelessIdonotmeaneternal,universalorvalidforalltimesandplacesOnthecontrary,ImeanthattheoryisafigureofthehistoryofthepresentOr,toparaphraseEdwardSaid,itis‘thepresentinthecourseofitsarticulation,itsstrugglesfordefinition’Thoughitsrootsaregroundedinthepast,reachingacrossthecontingent,material,social,sexual,racial,intellectualhistoryofthetheorizingsubject,andregardlessofitsusesandabusesintheunforeseeablefuture,thetimeoftheoryisalwaysnowToputitanotherway,thinking,Freud’sDriveintqxd:AMPagehoweverabstractorwhateveritsformofexpression,originatesinanembodiedsubjectivity,atonceoverdeterminedandpermeabletocontingenteventsButtotheextentthatitisinvestedinfiguringoutthepresentopaquestateoftheworldinthehereandnow,thethinkingoftheoryisnotsimplypersonalorsubjective,itisalsopoliticalThestateoftheworld,ofcourse,isconstantlychanging,andsoistheoryIhavemyself,overtime,contributedtoarticulatevariousformsofcriticaltheory–semioticandfilmtheory,feministtheory,gendertheory,queertheory–andineachofthoseinstancesthetimeoftheoryasarticulatedthought,astheorizing,thinkingandwritingaboutastateoftheworld,wasalwaysthepresentButforwelloveradecadenow,IhavefeltmyselfturnawayfromthemilitantlycriticaltheoriesIhavecontributedtoarticulateAtfirstitwasavaguefeelingofdissatisfaction,aswithsomethinggoneadriftinitspassagethroughdiscursivespace,asaknotoftwigsandleavescarrieddownstreambyaweakcurrentmaygetcaughtbrieflyonatreestumporarockonlyhalfsubmerged,tothenresumeitsdriftingtowardsanotherrockorstumpandthenanother,untilthetwigsandleaves,loosened,floatlightlyonthesurfaceWhatseemedpivotalmomentsintheflowofcriticaldiscourseafterthes–thedebatesonnaturevsculture,theoryvspraxis,essentialismvssocialconstructionism,andrelated‘binaries’–wereonlytemporaryhalts,quicklyovertakeninturnbyanewconcernandanotherdebateEventually,IcouldnolongertellwhathadheldthetwigsandleavestogetherinthefirstplaceInthisbravenewcentury,wearesurvivorsofthemoderneraintheWestWiththeendofthetwentiethcenturyhavealsoendeditsenablingfictions,fromtheFrenchRevolutiontotheOctoberRevolutionandallthosethatfolloweditsmovementsofresistance,independence,liberationitsmythsoffreedomandequality,universalsuffrage,communitybuildingandmulticulturalismitsdreamofafreecyberspaceturningintothenightmareofglobalizationThemovementtheoriessincethelates,basedinsocialpracticesengagedincontestationsofpower,markingthecomingtovoiceofsubjugatedknowledges–women’sstudies,AfroAmericanstudies(asitwascalled),ethnicstudies,postcolonialstudies,feministtheory,queertheory,criticalracetheory–havebeensustainedbyahopethattodayappearshopelesslyenmeshedinacademicmanagerialismTheirlaterconfigurations–whatinEnglandStuartHall,afterErnestoLaclau,calls‘atheoryofarticulation’andGloriaWekkerinTheNetherlands,afterKimberléCrenshawintheUS,calls‘intersectionaltheory’–arefacingIntroductionintqxd:AMPagetheolddangersofracismandgeneralconservatismaswellasthenewdangerofarisingneoliberalismModernWesternforms–theorizedpractices–ofarmedstruggleagainsttheliberaldemocraticstate,suchasthoseofthe‘leadyears’(annidipiombo)inItalyfromthesonwards,seemtomeincommensurablewiththeformsofsocalledterrorismthatstrucktheWorldTradeCenterinNewYork,theAtochastationinMadrid,theLondonundergroundsystemandothermonumentsofWesternpowerYettheycoexistTheenigmaoftheworldinthehereandnowconsistsinwhatIcanonlythinkofasaparadox:anegativitythatisalso,atthesametime,apositivityastubborn,silentresistancetodiscursification,articulation,rationalizationornegotiationthatcoexistswiththetechnologiesofinstantcommunicationthroughglobalmediaFreud’sconceptionoftheoxymoronicnexusoflifeanddeathdrivesinthehumanpsycheandinhumansocietyofferstheintellectualcomfortofatrope,aconceptualfigureofconflictandparadoxwithwhichtoapproach,ifonlyasymptotically,theenigmaofthenowTheeventsofSeptember,commonlyreferredtoas,andwhattookplacedayslaterinMadridonMarch–tonameonlythefirsttwoofanapparentlyopenseriesofoccurrences–havebothrevealedandspectacularized,ormadedramaticallyvisible,aruptureinthefabricoftheWesternworldthathasreach

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