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首页 *新书上架*【沃格林全集第25卷】政治观念史第7卷:新制度与最后的方向

*新书上架*【沃格林全集第25卷】政治观念史第7卷:新制度与最后的方向.pdf

*新书上架*【沃格林全集第25卷】政治观念史第7卷:新制度与最…

九月虺
2009-07-29 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《*新书上架*【沃格林全集第25卷】政治观念史第7卷:新制度与最后的方向pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

TheCollectedWorksofEricVoegelin,Volume:HistoryofPoliticalIdeas,VolumeVII,TheNewOrderandLastOrientationJürgenGebhardtThomasAHollweck,EditorsUniversityofMissouriPressthecollectedworksofERICVOEGELINVOLUMEHISTORYOFPOLITICALIDEASVOLUMEVIITHENEWORDERANDLASTORIENTATIONprojectedvolumesinthecollectedworksOntheFormoftheAmericanMindRaceandStateTheHistoryoftheRaceIdea:FromRaytoCarusTheAuthoritarianState:AnEssayontheProblemoftheAustrianStatePoliticalReligionsTheNewScienceofPoliticsandScience,Politics,andGnosticismAnamnesisPublishedEssays,–PublishedEssaysPublishedEssaysPublishedEssaysPublishedEssaysPublishedEssays,–SelectedBookReviewsOrderandHistory,VolumeI,IsraelandRevelationOrderandHistory,VolumeII,TheWorldofthePolisOrderandHistory,VolumeIII,PlatoandAristotleOrderandHistory,VolumeIV,TheEcumenicAgeOrderandHistory,VolumeV,InSearchofOrderHistoryofPoliticalIdeas,VolumeIHistoryofPoliticalIdeas,VolumeIIHistoryofPoliticalIdeas,VolumeIIIHistoryofPoliticalIdeas,VolumeIVHistoryofPoliticalIdeas,VolumeVHistoryofPoliticalIdeas,VolumeVIHistoryofPoliticalIdeas,VolumeVIIHistoryofPoliticalIdeas,VolumeVIIITheNatureoftheLaw,andRelatedLegalWritingsWhatIsHistoryAndOtherLateUnpublishedWritingsSelectedCorrespondenceSelectedCorrespondenceHitlerandtheGermansMiscellaneousPapersMiscellaneousPapersAutobiographicalReflectionsandIndexhistoryofpoliticalideasSeriesEditor,EllisSandozIHellenism,Rome,andEarlyChristianityEditedbyAthanasiosMoulakisIITheMiddleAgestoAquinasEditedbyPetervonSiversIIITheLaterMiddleAgesEditedbyDavidWalshIVRenaissanceandReformationEditedbyDavidLMorseandWilliamMThompsonVReligionandtheRiseofModernityEditedbyJamesLWiserVIRevolutionandtheNewScienceEditedbyBarryCooperVIITheNewOrderandLastOrientationEditedbyJürgenGebhardtandThomasAHollweckVIIICrisisandtheApocalypseofManEditedbyDavidWalsheditorialboardPaulCaringellaJürgenGebhardtThomasAHollweckEllisSandozTheEditorialBoardoffersgratefulacknowledgmenttotheLibertyFund,RobertJCihak,MD,JohnCJacobs,Jr,andHermannMoyse,Jr,forsupportprovidedatvariousstagesinthepreparationofthisbookforpublicationAspecialthanksforsupportgoestotheCharlotteandWalterKohlerCharitableTrustTheUniversityofMissouriPressoffersitsgratefulacknowledgmentforgenerouscontributionsfromtheRCKemperCharitableTrustandFoundationandfromtheEarhartFoundationinsupportofthepublicationofthisvolumeAspecialthanksforsupportgoestotheEricVoegelinInstituteTHECOLLECTEDWORKSOFERICVOEGELINVOLUMEHISTORYOFPOLITICALIDEASVOLUMEVIITHENEWORDERANDLASTORIENTATIONeditedbyjürgengebhardtandthomasahollweckwithanintroductionbyjürgengebhardtuniversityofmissouripresscolumbiaandlondonCopyright©byTheCuratorsoftheUniversityofMissouriUniversityofMissouriPress,Columbia,MissouriPrintedandboundintheUnitedStatesofAmericaAllrightsreservedLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationData(RevisedforvolumeVII)Voegelin,Eric,–Selections,HistoryofpoliticalideaseditedwithanintroductionbyJürgenGebhardtandThomasAHollweckpcm(ThecollectedworksofEricVoegelinv)IncludesindexContents:vVIITheNewOrderandLastOrientationISBN(volI:alkpaper)ISBN(volII:alkpaper)ISBN(volIII:alkpaper)ISBN(volIV:alkpaper)ISBN(volV:alkpaper)ISBNX(volVI:alkpaper)ISBNX(volVII:alkpaper)ISBN(set)PhilosophyHistoryPhilosophyPoliticalsciencePhilosophyIGebhardt,JürgenIIHollweck,ThomasAIIITitleIVSeries:Voegelin,Eric,–WorksvBVv'dc–CIPV‘ThispapermeetstherequirementsoftheAmericanNationalStandardforPermanenceofPaperforPrintedLibraryMaterials,Z,Designer:AlbertCrochetTypesetter:Bookcomp,IncPrinterandbinder:ThomsonShore,IncTypeface:TrumpMediaevalContentsEditor’sIntroductionPartSevenTheNewOrderTheNationalStateTheEnglishRevolutionCromwellFrondeandMonarchyinFranceSpinozaLockeIntermissionPartEightLastOrientationIntroductoryRemarksPhenomenalismSchellingNoteonHölderlinNietzscheandPascalIndexThispageintentionallyleftblankTHENEWORDERANDLASTORIENTATIONThispageintentionallyleftblankEditor’sIntroductionIInterpretingtheModernWorldVoegelin’sUnfinishedStoryofthePredicamentofModernity“DuringthesummerIwasabletoaddsomeMSpagestovolumeIII:TheModernWorld,”wroteEricVoegelintohisnewpublisher,whohadgivenhimacontractforthethreevolumetreatisethathadgrownfromaonevolumecollegetextoriginallytobepublishedbyMcGrawHillAyearaftertheconclusionofthiscontractwithMacmillan,Voegelinannouncedthecompletionofthevolumes“TheAncientWorld”and“TheMiddleAges”in“cleartypescript”Regardingthethirdvolumeheadded:“Myestimatethattheendmightbeinsightsometimeintheearlierpartofstillstands”Ofcourse,weknowthatVoegelin’sestimateprovedtobetoohastytheaccountofthemodernworldwasneverfinishedasoriginallyprojectedThestudiescollectedinthepresentvolumereflectdifferentstagesofthecompositionoftheHistoryTheydocumentinsomewaytheslowbreakingoffoftheenterpriseThefirstpart,originallyentitled“Stabilization,”setsforththecomplexofpoliticalideascenteringonthenationalstateThesechapterswereprobablycompletedinTheystillshowtheformatofacollegetextThesecondpart,“LastOrientation,”dated,probesreflectivelyintothecausesofmoderncrisis,thusservingastheintroductiontothefinalpartoftheHistory,whichdetailsthecrisisoftheVoegelintoHenryBMcCurdy,October,,EricVoegelinPapers,HooverInstitutionArchives,boxHereaftercitedbyboxnumbereditor’sintroductionpresentThepieceonNietzscheandPascalwasnotdestinedfortheHistoryItwasdraftedasaseparatestudyaround,andVoegelinconsidereditapreliminarytexttotheNietzschechapterplannedfortheHistory,whichwasneverwrittenTherathercomplicatedstoryoftheHistoryfromitsinceptionintothebreakwiththeoriginalconceptionandthefinalabandonmentoftheprojectistoldinthe“GeneralIntroductiontotheSeries”Asispointedoutthere,theimpetustoreconceptualizethehermeneuticalapproachtothehistoryofpoliticalideaswasoccasionedbytheanalysisofthemodernworldItbroughtforthinturnafreshunderstandingofthe“politicalspirit”(Geist)initshistoricityintermsoftheanamneticconstitutionofknowledgefromthedepthofpsycheThiswasthestartingpointforarenewedexaminationofsourcesandrelevantmonographicliteratureaswellastheensuingexpansionofthescopeoftheHistorythatdelayedthecompletionofthethirdvolumeIn,thefirsttwovolumesweregiventoananonymousoutsidereviewer,butthethirdvolumewasstillaworkinprogressInhisresponsetothecriticalcommentsofthereviewer,Voegelinremarkedthatthetreatmentofthemodernperiod,beginningwithMachiavelli,would“occupyonehalfofthetotalwork”Sincethepublisherwaspromisedthreevolumesoffourhundred,fivehundred,andsixhundredpagesrespectivelyin,wecansurmisethattheanalysisofthemodernworldhadbeenexpandedconsiderablyinthemeantimeAccordingly,in,VoegelinsuggestedtohispublisherthathesplitvolumeIIIintotwovolumes:“FromMachiavellitoLocke(volumeIII)FromVicotothepresent(volumeIV)”However,notonlythepresentationofthemodernworldbutthewholeworkkeptgrowinginsize,whilebeingcontinuouslyrevisedAfteralapseofnearlyfouryears,Voegelinsurprisedhispublisherwithanewoutlineoftheworkandthenewtitle“OrderandSymbols”toreplacetheformer“HistoryofPoliticalIdeas”VoegelintoKarlLöwith,December,,boxThomasAHollweckandEllisSandoz,“GeneralIntroductiontotheSeries,”inTheCollectedWorksofEricVoegelin,vol,HistoryofPoliticalIdeas,volI,Hellenism,Rome,andEarlyChristianity,edAthanasiosMoulakis(Columbia:UniversityofMissouriPress,),–“Observationsonthe‘ReportonVoegelin’sHistoryofPoliticalIdeas,’”pEricVoegelinPapers,HooverInstitutionArchives,Box,fileVoegelintoAGurwitsch,April,,andVoegelintoHAMoe,October,,Boxeditor’sintroduction“TheAncientWorld”waschangedto“Myth,History,andPhilosophy,”“TheMiddleAges”to“EmpireandChristianity,”and,finally,“TheModernWorld”to“TheGnosticAge”Thethreevolumesweretocompriseaboutfortyfivehundredpagesaltogether,witheighteenhundredpagesallottedtothethirdvolumeThenewtitleforthethirdvolumeevidencesbesttheshiftinfocusandconceptualapproachthatthewholeenterprisehadundergoneItwasdocumentedbyVoegelin’sWalgreenLectures,giveninandpublishedasTheNewScienceofPoliticsItdetermined“theessenceofmodernityasthegrowthofgnosticism,”whichoperatedinthemedievalheterodoxsectarianism,brokeintothepublicsceneinthesixteenthandseventeenthcenturies,andmetamorphosedintotheideologicalmassmovementsoftwentiethcenturytotalitarianismFromthebeginning,VoegelinwantedhisHistorytocontributetoabetterunderstandingofthepresentcrisisofmodernpoliticsHewasconvincedthatthe“stateofscience,”asheusedtosay,wouldenablethescholartouncoverthehistoricalrootsoftheintellectualandspiritualshapeofWesterncivilizationThisargumenthadbeendevelopedinVoegelin’sPoliticalReligionsofIntheearliestversionoftheHistory,hehadanalyzedtheemergenceofthemodernpoliticoreligiousphenomenathatwerethesubjectmatterofPoliticalReligionsintermsofadoubletrackedintellectualandspiritualhistoryofWesterncivilizationsincetheeleventhcentury,whichwasbeingenactedontwodifferentplanesOntheupperplaneideationalcomplexesfocusonpublicinstitutionsliketheempireandthechurch,andlaterthenationalstateOnthelowerplane“themillennialdramaofthesentimentsandideasthatareinrevoltagainstthesuperstructureofourcivilization”unfoldsItprovedtobeincreasinglydifficulttolinkthesetwoplanesofideaformationasVoegelinmovedintotheinterpretationofthemodernworldOneattempttocometogripswiththeproblemresultedinachapterentitled“ThePeopleofGod,”whichcutsacrossthechronologicalnarrativeandpursuestheevolutionofheterodoxsectarianundercurrentsfromtheirbeginningsintheMiddleAgestotheirpoliticalascendancyintheEricVoegelin,TheNewScienceofPolitics:AnIntroduction(Chicago:UniversityofChicagoPress,),TheCollectedWorksofEricVoegelin,vol,HistoryofPoliticalIdeas,volIV,RenaissanceandReformation,edDavidLMorseandWilliamMThompson(Columbia:UniversityofMissouriPress,),editor’sintroductionpostreformationworldofthesixteenthandseventeenthcenturiesForhisportrayalofthemodernworldafter,VoegelinhadtograpplewiththefactthatthestoryofthelowerplanebegantodominatetheplaneofpublicinstitutionsHeterodoxsectarianismmutatedintopoliticoreligiouscreedsbeyondtheirChristianorigins,capturedthemasses,and,ultimately,startedtoseizepublicpoweritselfInVoegelinexplainedhisdilemmainalettertoAlfredSchütz“UptoIcouldmoreorlessproceedchronologicallyButfromtheeighteenthcenturyonwardthisbecomesimpossiblesincethesecularpoliticalproblemthatisdealtwithbypoliticaltheoreticiansinanarrowersenseintersectswiththedevelopmentofpostChristianinnerworldlyeschatology”Thus,Voegelinfacedthedifficulttask“ofinterconnectingthechronologicalpresentationofthcenturypoliticalthinkers(fromVicotoKant)withcenturiestranspersingchaptersonthehistoryofmoderneschatology”Thisdilemmagrewworseastheanalysismovedintothenineteenthcenturyandfinallyunderminedtheconceptionalframeworkoncedesignatedforthewholehistoryofpoliticalideas,whichwasbasedonatheoryofevocationsformulatedinForatimeVoegelintriedtointegratetheinnerworldlycreedalmovementsintothisinterpretativetheoryofpoliticalevocationsAglanceatthetablesofcontentsillustratestheexpandingscopeofthematerialandtheaccompanyingshiftofthefocusofinterpretationTheoriginalonevolumehistoryallowedtwochaptersformodernity:“TheNationalState”and“TheTwilightoftheNationalState”()SomewhatlaterthetwochapterswereretitledandsubdividedThechapter“TheSecularState”discusses“TheIdeaoftheTheocraticState,”“TheIdeaofNaturalLaw,”“TheIdeaofPoliticalSovereignty,”and“TheConstitutionalState”ThesecondandatsomepointthelastchapteroftheHistorywasnamed“ThePlanetaryExpansionoftheWesternMind”Itdescribesfirsttheenlargementofgeographical,scientific,andhistoricalhorizonsaswellastheeconomicandsocialrevolution,thenthe“NewCreeds”ofhumanism,liberalism,andsocialism,andendswithsectionson“TotalitarianMovements”and“TheBreakdownofIndividualIndependence”VoegelintoAlfredSchütz,September,,Boxeditor’sintroductionIn,anewtableofcontentsfortheprojectedthirdvolumedisplayedaratherdifferentpictureItsfivedivisionsarestillchronological,buttoallappearancesitwasconceivedas“morethanamerehistoryoftheories,”namely“acomprehensivesystematiccritiqueofpoliticsandmoderncivilization”ThemodernhistoryofpoliticalideasitselfpresentedacivilizationaldramaculminatinginthelastactofthetotalitarianexecutionofinnerworldlyeschatologyItstartedwiththedisorderofRenaissanceandReformationafterthemedievalworlddisintegratedinthenationstate(parteight)andwasfollowedbyaperiodofstabilization(partnine)IntheeighteenthcenturythedoubletrackedcharacteroftheWesterncivilizationalprocesscametotheforeOntheonehandthenewlyconstitutednationalpoliticoreligiousbodiesbecameasubstituteforthedissolvedimperialorderofmedievalsocietyOntheotherhandthesearchforthemeaningofhumanexistenceinthisnewworldwithitspluralityofpowerunitscrystallizedintoarevolutionaryconsciousnessoftheepochandtransformedthelatentintramundaneandreligioussentimentsintonovelinterpretationsofhumanexistence,whichweretoreplacethelostmeaningofChristianexistenceUndertheheading“Revolution”(partten)VoegelinrecordedthishighlycomplexstoryoftheinterrelateddevelopmentofideationalparochialismonthenationalplaneandtheuniversalismofthenewcreedsthatsweptthewholeofWesterncivilizationHowever,rightinthemiddleofthisstoryVoegelinranintotheaforementioneddifficultieswhenhecametoRousseauandtheeveoftheAtlanticrevolutionsButneitherRousseaunorthepoliticalideasoftheAmericanandFrenchRevolutions,northeirspiritualaftermathinGermany,the“revolutionofthespirit”ofKantandHegel,wouldbetreatedyetInVoegelin’sopinionHegelmarkedtheendoftherevolutionaryagethataltogetherisdefinedbytheemergenceofmodernmanAconcludingreflectionentitled“Speculation”wasunderstoodtobethe“prelude”tothefinalpartofthebookon“TheCrisis”ReviewingthephilosophyofBrunoitdescribestheproblemof“phenomenalism”Itrevealstheprocessof“desubstantializationofreality”asbeingattherootofthecivilizationaldisintegrationoftheageonaccountofthelossVoegelintoMcCurdy,October,,BoxVoegelintoSchütz,September,,Boxeditor’sintroductionofChristianspiritualityPhenomenalismbecamethemediumofselfexpressioninthetimeofcrisisIntellectually,Schelling’sphilosophyofsubstancepresentsaretardingmomentinthetragedyofthemodernmindHereassemblesthedivergingintellectualtendenciesandresiststheuprootingoftraditionsHemustersoncemorethespiritualresourcesofthosetraditionsinordertomeetthechallengeofhistimebyrespondingphilosophicallytothechallengesofavanishingChristianeraInthissenseVoegelinviewsSchelling’sinterpretationofideasasa“stablepointoforientationintheincreasingconfusionofthecenturyofcrisis”BecausethecontoursofamodernphilosophymaterializeinSchelling,thecentralquestionraisedinVico’sNewSciencecomestothefore:whatisthetruemeaningofmodernityinaphilosophicalunderstandingofthetermForthisreasonthesection“Speculation”wasrenamed“TheLastOrientation”andbecametheseparatePartEightofHistoryaspresentedinthisvolumeItprecededthefinalPartNine,“TheCrisis,”whichagainremainedafragmentVoegelinworkedoutthesectionsonFrenchPrepositivismandPositivismaswellasthoseontherevolutionarysocialismofBakuninandMarxButtheoriginallyconceivedtreatmentofliberalism,Nietzsche,andthetotalitarianmovementswasnevercarriedoutWhileVoegelinkeptonrewritingtheearlypartsofHistory,hecontinuedtoworkonthecrisissection,uptoMarxinWhenhereworkedthestoryofheterodoxsectarianismin“ThePeopleofGod,”historicalresearchconvincedhimoftheGnosticcharacterofwhathecalledthe“spiritualmovementsofthepeople”Voegelinhimselfstated:“SofarasIremember,IbecameawareoftheproblemofGnosticismanditsapplicationtomodernideologicalphenomenaforthefirsttimethroughtheintroductiontoHansUrsvonBalthasar’sPrometheus,publishedin”ThisdiscoveryprobablyreinforcedalsoVoegelin’sreadingofBalthasar’sIrenäus:DieGedulddesReifens()andSimonePétrement’sLedualismechezPlaton,lesgnostiquesetlesmaniche´ens()OncehehadrealizedthebearingofGnosticismuponthoseideasthatweretocapturethemodernworld,hewasabletodevelopanewinterpretativeparadigmforunderstandingallofmodernityasitculminatesinthecrisisofthepresentObviously,ourunderstandingofmodernpoliticalmovementsintheperiodofEnlightenmentandafterwillgainanewdepthifwecaneditor’sintroductionseetheComtian,Marxian,Leninist,andHitlerianideasofafinaltransfigurationofhistorynotas“new”ideasbutaseschatologicalspeculationsthatderiveincontinuityfromtheactivistmysticismofthethirteenthcentury

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*新书上架*【沃格林全集第25卷】政治观念史第7卷:新制度与最后的方向

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