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首页 *新书上架*【黑格尔研究】认同与差异:黑格尔逻辑学、精神哲学和政治学研究

*新书上架*【黑格尔研究】认同与差异:黑格尔逻辑学、精神哲学和政治学研究.pdf

*新书上架*【黑格尔研究】认同与差异:黑格尔逻辑学、精神哲学和…

九月虺
2009-07-29 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《*新书上架*【黑格尔研究】认同与差异:黑格尔逻辑学、精神哲学和政治学研究pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

DifferenceSTUDIESINHEGEL’SLOGIC,PHILOSOPHYOFSPIRIT,ANDPOLITICSPhilipTGrierandIdentityIDENTITYANDDIFFERENCEyanuladaThispageintentionallyleftblankIdentityandDifferenceStudiesinHegel’sLogic,PhilosophyofSpirit,andPoliticsEDITEDBYPHILIPTGRIERSTATEUNIVERSITYOFNEWYORKPRESSPublishedbyStateUniversityofNewYorkPress©StateUniversityofNewYorkAllrightsreservedPrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmericaNopartofthisbookmaybeusedorreproducedinanymannerwhatsoeverwithoutwrittenpermissionNopartofthisbookmaybestoredinaretrievalsystemortransmittedinanyformorbyanymeansincludingelectronic,electrostatic,magnetictape,mechanical,photocopying,recording,orotherwisewithoutthepriorpermissioninwritingofthepublisherForinformation,contactStateUniversityofNewYorkPress,Albany,NYwwwsunypresseduProductionbyDianeGanelesMarketingbyFranKenestonLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataIdentityanddifference:studiesinHegel’slogic,philosophyofspirit,andpoliticseditedbyPhilipTGrierpcmIncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexISBN:(hardcover:alkpaper)Hegel,GeorgWilhelmFriedrich,–IGrier,PhilipT,–BIdcAcknowledgmentsviiIntroductionPhilipTGrierPartIdentityandDifferenceintheScienceofLogicChapterIdentity,Difference,andtheLogicofOthernessWilliamMakerChapterDoubleTransition,Dialectic,andRecognitionRobertRWilliamsChapterIdentityasaProcessofSelfDeterminationinHegel’sLogicChristopherYeomansChapterIdentityandDifference,ThoughtandBeingMartinJDeNysPartIdentityandDifferenceinthePhilosophyofMindChapterIdentity,Difference,andtheUnityofMind:ReflectionsonHegel’sDeterminationofPsyche,Consciousness,andIntelligenceRichardDienWinfieldPartIdentitiesandDifferences:Peoples,Genders,andNationsChapterChangingIdentities:DialecticalSeparationsandResistingBarriersAngelicaNuzzovCONTENTSChapterHegel’sConceptionofanInternational“We”AndrewBuchwalterChapterThePowerofParticularities:GenderandNationinthePhenomenologyofSpiritandthePhilosophyofRightPatriciaAnneSimpsonChapterTheReturnofAfrica:HegelandtheQuestionoftheRacialIdentityoftheEgyptiansRobertBernasconiPartIdentityandDifferenceinthePhilosophyofRightChapterIdentityandDifferenceinHegel’sModelofEthicalNormativityErinEFlynnChapterPoliticalIdentityandtheDynamicsofAccountabilityinHegel’sPhilosophyofRight:PatriotismandTrustintheModernStateJasonJHowardChapterSubstantialFreedomasIdentityofRightsandDutiesMariaGKowalskiListofContributorsIndexviContentsTheoriginalversionsofthechapterscollectedinthisbookwereallpresentedattheEighteenthBiennialMeetingoftheHegelSocietyofAmerica,heldatUCLAonOctober–,IwishtothankconferencehostsProfessorJohnMcCumberandtheDepartmentofGermanicLanguagesandLiteraturefortheirgeneroussupportIalsowishtothankBenayFurtivofortheexcellentarrangementsfortheconferenceACKNOWLEDGMENTSviiyanuladaThispageintentionallyleftblankFramingtheIssuesAlltoofrequentlyinthecontemporaryworldwefindgroupsobsessedwithassertingthe“identity”or“sameness”oftheirmembersinordertoaffirmthecontrastwithwhattheyperceivetothreatenthemas“different”or“other”Theperceiveddifferencesmaybelongtoanynumberoffamiliartypologies,includingrace,religion,ethnicity,gender,class,sexualpreference,orotherstatustakentobe“fundamental”insomesupposedlyalarmingsenseAndofcoursesomeofthemostviolentboundarydrawingexercisesoccurwheremultipleattributesofperceived“difference”arethoughttobesimultaneouslypresent,suchas,forexample,whenadifferentreligion,race,andethnicityareallthoughttocharacterizeaspecific“other”atonceSuchparticularmanifestationsofthepoliticsof“groupidentity”arethefrequentlyappallingstuffofdailynewsButnotallconstrualsofidentityaremotivatedsimplybythe“political”desiretoexcludesomespecificotherPriortosuchpotentiallypathologicalformsoftheconstructionofgroupidentitiesthereareanumberofmorefundamentalandessentialformsofidentitytobeachieved,intheabsenceofwhichwewouldbeunabletoconstrueourselvesasmoralorpoliticalagentsatall,indeed,intheabsenceofwhichwewouldbeunabletoconstrueourselvesasselvesThesemorefundamentalformsincludetheconstitutionofselfconsciousindividualidentityinrelationtootherindividuals,theconstitutionofselfconsciousindividualidentityinrelationtosomelarger,allembracingcommunalidentity,suchasthatrepresentedbythestate,andtheconstitutionofnationalidentityinrelationtoothernations(EachofIntroductionPhilipTGriertheseaspectsofidentityconstitutionistreatedbycontributorstothepresentvolume)CentraltothechallengeofconstititutingthesevarioustypesofidentitiesistheissueofhowwenegotiatethefactofdifferenceObviouslywecannotspeakofidentitywithoutsimultaneouslyspeakingofdifference,yetthereexistsavarietyofwaystotheorizetherelationofidentitytodifferenceFailuretograsptheimplicationsofeachofthesedistincttheoriesofidentityanddifferencemayultimatelyleadtoafailureofpractice,ortoaninadequatecomprehensionofpractice()Identitymaybeconceivedasapracticalmatterofachievingseparationfromthedifferent()identitymaybeconceivedinapurelyformalwayasamatterofidentityoftheobjectwithitself(withoutlogicalconnectiontotheother)()or,identitymaybeconceivedasdevelopingfrom,andessentiallyconstitutedthrough,themutualrecognitionofsamenessesanddifferencesthroughrelationtotheotherInotherwords,differencemaybethoughttobelogicallyinvolvedintheconstitutionofidentity(ThisparticularformulationistakenfromNuzzo’scontribution)Forexample,thefirstofthesetheoriesofthenatureofidentitythatitisachievedthroughthemechanismofseparationofthegroupfromitsothermayleadtothepoliticaldemandforthesimplestandcrudestofsolutions:drivingthe“other”awaythroughviolenceHowever,suchastrategyofgroup(ornational)autism,theconstructionofenclaves,willalmostinevitablyleadtotheimpoverishmentoftheveryidentitytheprotectionofwhichisbeingsought(NuzzoandBuchwalter)Stillmorepointedly,asoneofthecontributorshereargues,theveryactofdrawingsuchaboundaryisoftenatacitconfessionthattheasserted“identity”doesnotinfactexistdrawingtheboundaryandenforcingitisintendedtobringtheassertedidentityintobeing(Nuzzo)SuchanunderstandingoftheconstitutionofidentityisthushighlyproblematicAdifferentsortofproblemarisesfromthesecondtheoryofidentity,asmerelyformalThewidespreadassumptionthatthistheory“must”betheonlycorrectoneatsomefundamentallevelhaslonginhibitedseriousexaminationofthetheoreticalalternativesThisbookisdevoted,amongotherthings,toencouragingjustsuchanexaminationofalternativeaccountsofidentityinrelationtotheabstractformalone(Yeomans,DeNys,andothers)ThethirdtheoryofidentityfiguresquiteprominentlyinthisbookItconstruesgenuineidentityassomethingconstitutedonlythroughaprocessofmutualselfconsciousrecognitionofoneanotherasessentialPhilipTGriertotheconstructionoftheidentitiesthatmakeus“thesame,”wherethatsamenessalsonecessarilyinvolvesdifferenceItisassertedthatonlysuchamutuallyconstitutedidentitycouldbesomethingactualorconcreteIndeed,thethemeofmutualrecognitionbyoneanotherofselfconsciousselvesisalmostascentralafocusofthisbookasthethemeofidentityanddifference(Williams,Nuzzo,Buchwalter,andothers)TheseandotheraspectsoftheproblemofidentityanddifferenceareexploredfrommultipleperspectivesbythecontributorshereItisathesisimplicitinseveralofthechaptersthatbehindmanyofthemanifestationsofpractical,politicalconflictoversuchissuesofidentityanddifference,aswellasfailedattemptstotheorizethenatureofidentity,liesomedeeperphilosophicalconfusionsovertheveryconceptsofidentityanddifferencethattendtoinhibitourabilitytothinkthroughthesechallengessuccessfullyAnumberofthecontributorsherefindsomethingcrucial,potentiallydecisive,inHegel’saccountofidentityanddifference,andtheyattemptinvariouswaystoshowthefundamentalimportanceofhisapproachfortheresolutionofcertainofthesedifficultiesHowever,inmuchcontemporaryphilosophicaldiscussiontherearetwodistinctbarrierstothesuccessfulappropriationofHegel’scontributionThefirstoftheseis,ineffect,arefusaltotakeHegel’sapproachseriously,torejectitoutofhandasrestingonaseriesof“obvious”mistakes,aviewusuallyrootedintheassumptionthatonlysomeversionofthesecondtheoryofidentity,mentionedearlier,theabstract,formalone,couldbecorrectThisresponsehasbeencharacteristicofmuchanalyticphilosophy,atleastuntilfairlyrecentlyThesecondbarrierhasmostoftenariseninthecontextofcontinentalphilosophy,whereonestillfindswidespreadtheconvictionthatHegel’sownthinkingofidentityanddifferenceprivilegesidentityoverdifferencetotheultimateexclusionoftherealityoftheotherThesetwocontinuingbarrierstotheappropriationofHegel’sthoughtonidentityanddifferenceareexplicitlytakenupinpartofthisbookinthehopethattheycanbesetasideandwillnolongerstandinthewayofanappreciationofthedetailsofHegel’scontribution,andhenceofamorewiderangingexaminationofalternativetheoriesofidentityanddifferenceThefirsttwocontributors(MakerandWilliams)offercompellingargumentsonbehalfoftheconclusionthatHegel’stheoryprivilegesneitheridentitynordifference,andthatclaimstothecontraryrestonmisinterpretationAllfourcontributorsinpart(Maker,Williams,Yeomans,andDeNys),plusNuzzoinpart,takeIntroductionupthechallengeofarticulatingthedetailsofHegel’streatmentofidentityanddifferencebyengagementwithalternativeconceptionsEachinhisorherownwayattemptstoshowthattheproblemstowhichHegelofferedhistheoryasasolutioncannotbesetaside,andthatnoneofthealternativetheoriesclearlydealswiththatsetofproblemsassuccessfullyWiththeseimpedimentstoamorewiderangingexaminationofpossibletheoriesofidentityanddifferencehopefullydiminished,ifnotremoved,anumberofmorespecificproblemscanthenbeexploredInthefirstoftheseHegel’sdistinctivebutneglectedaccountofthedevelopmentoftheunityofmindoutofthedifferencesofpsyche,consciousness,andintelligenceinthethirdpartoftheEncyclopediaisilluminatedbyanimportantnewreadingthatsketchesanalternativeprogramforcontemporaryphilosophyofmind(Winfield)Listingsomeoftheotherproblemsdealtwithinthebook,onemightbeginwithwhatisarguablythemostfundamentalproblem,thatofselfidentityHowistheidentityoftheselfconsciousindividualconstitutedOurunderstandingofHegel’sfamousargument,thatsuchaprocessistobeunderstoodaspossibleonlyviathemutualrecognitionofoneanotherbyapluralityofselfconsciousselves,isheredeepenedbyaradicallyinnovativeinterpretationofdialecticalmediationinHegel’sspeculativethoughtasnecessarilyinvolvingadoubletransition(Williams)ThatdeepenedunderstandingofdialecticalmediationhasimplicationsforthetheoryofidentityanddifferenceitselfaswellasforthetheoryofrecognitionTheclaimthatrecognitionitselfisessentiallyinvolvedintheconstitutionofgenuine,concreteidentityisexploredinthisbooknotonlybyWilliamsbutalsobyNuzzo,Buchwalter,Howard,andKowalskiAnotherfundamentalproblemexaminedherefrommultipleperspectivesishowtheidentityoftheautonomous,freelywillingindividualcanbethoughttoinvolveessentialconnection,evenunityinsomesense,withtheuniversalethicalsubstanceoftherationalstateevenwhilethatindividualretainshisorherindividualautonomyThisisofcourseaclassicproblemofmodernpoliticaltheory,herecastinHegeliantermsThatproblemisconfrontedexplicitlybythreeauthors(inaskepticalspiritbyFlynn,andinamoreaffirmativemannerbyHowardandKowalski)Evenifagenerallyconvincingaccountofthemoralandpoliticalagencyoftheautonomousindividualinrelationtothemodernstatecouldinprinciplebesupplied,thereremainotherpotentialobstaclestotheacceptanceofsuchaviewTraditionalpoliticaltheorieshavetypicallyPhilipTGrierconstruedtheformsofpoliticalagencymadeavailabletotheindividualinconspicuouslypatriarchaltermsHegel’stheoryisanotoriousoffenderinthisrespect:HetreatsfeminineidentityasabartofullparticipationinthepublicactivitiesofcitizenshipinthenationstateAnothercontributorhereteasesouttheultimateconceptualsourcesofHegel’sapparentlyprejudicialtreatmentofthefeminineintermsofhisconceptionoftheparticularanditsrelationtotheuniversal(Simpson)YetanotherproblemarisesinconnectionwiththeidentityofthenationviaothernationsIfwetakeseriouslyHegel’susualclaim,thatconcreteidentitycanbeachievedthroughaprocessofmutualrecognition,thenwhatsortofinternationalorderwouldberequiredsuchthattheidentityofonenationcouldbeconstitutedthroughtherecognitionofothersIsnotanysuchactualinternationalorderrejectedbyHegel’spoliticaltheoryButifso,howisgenuinenationalidentitypossible(Buchwalter)Finally,adistinctiveproblemofracialidentityaffectingtheproperinterpretationofHegel’saccountofthedevelopmentofGreekculturefromitsEgyptianrootsisexamined,andawidespreadbutmistakenassumptionconcerningthisaspectofHegel’sphilosophyofhistoryiscorrected(Bernasconi)Takentogether,thechaptersinthisbookilluminatethefundamentallogicofidentityanddifferenceinavarietyofpracticalcontexts,inviteconsiderationofthedetailsofHegel’scontributiontothedebate,attempttoremovesomeofthemostenduringimpedimentstotakinghisviewsonidentityanddifferenceseriously,andinsomecasesofferpathbreakinginnovationsintheinterpretationofHegel’stextsAbriefsynopsisofeachoftheseessays,insequence,issuppliedinthefollowingoverviewTheStructureofthisBookPartIdentityandDifferenceintheScienceofLogicPartofthisbookcontainsfourchapters,eachofwhichundertakestoexploresomeaspectofHegel’streatmentofidentityanddifferenceintheScienceofLogicInhiscontribution,WilliamMakerissuesavigorouschallengetothefamiliaraccusationthatHegelistheconsummateIdentitätsphilosoph,privilegingidentityandsamenessoverdifferenceandothernessOnthecontrary,hearguesthat“Hegelmayfairlylayclaimtobeingthephilosopherofdifference,otherness,Introductionandnonidentity”Stillmorestrikingly,MakerturnsthetablesandarguesthattheverydemandforsystematiccompletenessofthoughtevincedintheLogic,commonlyheldtobetheultimatesourceofanalldevouringidentityofthoughtwithitselfthatfinallytoleratesnothingthatisnotthought,leadsonthecontrarytotherequirementofanineradicabledifferencewhichisotherthanthought,intheabsenceofwhichthoughtcouldnotachievesystematiccompletenessThedifferenceultimatelyrequiredforthecompletionofthesystemofthoughtistheotherofthought:natureMakerarguesthatthisoutcomecanbeseenasinevitableonceweproperlythinkthroughtheimplicationsofthedemandthatthought,inthecontextofthesystem,bebothautonomousandselfgroundingThisdemandcanbesatisfiedonlyifthoughtcanbeexhibitedasselfdetermining,andthelattercanbeachievedonlythroughadialecticinwhichneitheridentitynordifferenceisprivilegedasanoriginarydetermininggroundJusthowthedialecticmustbeinterpretedifneitheridentitynordifferenceistobeprivilegedistheproblemtakenupnextbyRobertRWilliamsInhiscontribution,WilliamsintroducesthecrucialtopicofdoubletransitioninHegel’sexplicationofspeculativereasoningThistopichasbeenlargelyoverlookedinpreviousHegelcommentary,butwithoutagraspoftheroleofdoubletransitioninHegel’sargument,accordingtoWilliams,someofthemostdeeplycontestedissuesofHegelinterpretationcannotbeproperlyframedThefirstoftheseissuestobeaddressedisthemuchtorturedquestionofidentityanddifferenceinthesystemTheconclusionthatHegel’ssystemultimatelyeliminatesgenuineotherness,ordifference,isamongthemostcommonlyofferedgroundsforadismissalofhisthought,or,justificationsoftheneedto“movebeyond”HegelWilliamsherecallsthatconclusionintoquestionbydrawingattentiontoaseriesofpassagesespeciallytochangesthatHegelhimselfintroducedintosubsequenteditionsoftheLogicandtheEncyclopediainwhichtheideaofadoubletransitionisadvancedascrucialtothecomprehensionofdialecticalmediationthroughoutthesystemWilliams’sthesisthatthestandardreadingofHegel’sdialecticthroughoutthesystemmustinvolvedoubletransitionrepresentsamajorinnovationandpromisestohaveasignificantimpactonHegelstudiesHefurtherillustratestheimportanceofsuchareadingbyextendingittothethemeofrecognition,atopiconwhichhehaswrittenextensivelyelsewhereChristopherYeomansnextundertakesaparticularlysubtleanalysisoftheproblemofidentityanditsintrinsicconnectiontodifferenceasHegelpresentsitintheScienceofLogicTheframeworkofhisanalysisPhilipTGrierisalogicofquestionandanswer,aneroteticlogic,modeledonBasVanFraassen’swork,inwhichtoputaquestionistoimplycertainpresuppositionsinthecontextofwhichaloneitcanbedeterminedwhatcountsasameaningfulanswerWithinsuchaframeworkYeomansanalyzesHegel’streatmentofidentityasformulatingtheproblemcontextwithinwhichtheinquiryintoidentitymakessense,andheisthenabletoshowhowdifferencecomesinaspartofameaningfulanswerwithinsuchaproblemcontextYeomansdevelopshisanalysisbywayofcontrastswithanumberofothertreatmentsofidentityinthecurrentliterature,includingthosebyColinMcGinnandDavidWigginsMartinJDeNysalsotakesuptheproblemofHegel’streatmentofidentityanddifferenceintheLogic,thoughthescopeofhisdiscussionisbroaderiteventuallyfocusesonthegeneralproblemoftherelationofthoughtandbeinginHegel’sphilosophy,aswellasonthesignificanceofHegel’streatmentofidentityanddifferenceinthehistoryofphilosophyDeNyssituateshisownaccountinrelationtotheaccountsofHeidegger,Taminiaux,Desmond,DiGiovanni,andBurbidgeHisviewsuppliesanadditionals

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*新书上架*【黑格尔研究】认同与差异:黑格尔逻辑学、精神哲学和政治学研究

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