加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 *新书上架*【劳特里奇哲学导读】休谟论道德

*新书上架*【劳特里奇哲学导读】休谟论道德.pdf

*新书上架*【劳特里奇哲学导读】休谟论道德

九月虺
2009-07-23 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《*新书上架*【劳特里奇哲学导读】休谟论道德pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

madanpFileAttachmenteecovervbjpgRoutledgePhilosophyGuideBooktoHumeonmorality▪JamesBaillie‘HumeonMoralityisclearlywritten,wellorganized,andespeciallyadmirablefortheattentionitgivestoHume’saccountofthepassionsandtheimportanceofthegeneralpointofviewtoHume’sunderstandingofmoraljudgement’GeoffSayreMcCord,UniversityofNorthCarolina,ChapelHill‘ThisisalucidandwellorganizedintroductiontoHume’smoralphilosophyThebookwillproveparticularlyusefultostudentswhoarelookingforareliableaccountandreviewofHume’scentralargumentsBaillieiscarefultoshowhowHume’sviewsonmoralityrelatetohiswiderphilosophicalsystem’PaulRussell,UniversityofBritishColumbiaDavidHume(–)isoneofthegreatestfiguresinthehistoryofBritishphilosophyOfallofHume’swritings,thephilosophicallymostprofoundisundoubtedlyhisfirst,ATreatiseofHumanNatureHumeonMoralityprovidesuswithamaptoBooksandoftheTreatise,focusingonHume’stheoryofthepassionsandmoralityThisbooksetsoutitsprincipalideasandargumentsoftheTreatiseinaclearandreadablewayandisidealforanyonecomingtoHume’sTreatiseforthefirsttimeItalsocoversAnEnquiryConcerningthePrinciplesofMorals,andthereisasubstantialsectionontheessay‘OftheStandardofTaste’JamesBaillieisAssociateProfessorofPhilosophyattheUniversityofPortlandHeistheauthorofProblemsinPersonalIdentity()andeditorofContemporaryAnalyticPhilosophy()RoutledgePhilosophyGuideBooksEditedbyTimCraneandJonathanWolffUniversityCollegeLondonRoutledgePhilosophyGuideBooktoHumeonmorality▪JamesBaillieLONDONANDNEWYORKHegelonHistoryJosephMcCarneyHumeonKnowledgeHaroldWNoonanKantandtheCritiqueofPureReasonSebastianGardnerMillonLibertyJonathanRileyMillonUtilitarianismRogerCrispWittgensteinandthePhilosophicalInvestigationsMarieMcGinnHeideggerandBeingandTimeStephenMulhallPlatoandtheRepublicNickolasPappasLockeonGovernmentDALloydThomasLockeonHumanUnderstandingEJLoweSpinozaandEthicsGenevieveLloydFirstpublishedbyRoutledgeNewFetterLane,LondonECPEESimultaneouslypublishedintheUSAandCanadabyRoutledgeWestthStreet,NewYork,NYRoutledgeisanimprintoftheTaylorFrancisGroupThiseditionpublishedintheTaylorFranciseLibrary,©JamesBaillieAllrightsreservedNopartofthisbookmaybereprintedorreproducedorutilizedinanyformorbyanyelectronic,mechanical,orothermeans,nowknownorhereafterinvented,includingphotocopyingandrecording,orinanyinformationstorageorretrievalsystem,withoutpermissioninwritingfromthepublishersBritishLibraryCataloguinginPublicationDataAcataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataBaillie,James,–HumeonmoralityJamesBaillie(Routledgephilosophyguidebooks)IncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexHume,David––EthicsISeriesBEB'–dcISBNMasterebookISBNISBN(hbk)ISBNX(pbk)ContentsAcknowledgementsviiListofabbreviationsixIntroductionBackgroundontheunderstandingThepassionsMotivationandwillAgainstmoralrationalismThevirtuesThemoralstanceBibliographyIndexAcknowledgementsIamgratefultotheUniversityofPortlandforgrantingmeaterm’ssabbaticaltoworkonthisbookManythankstomycolleagueJeffGauthierforhiscarefulreadingofmyfirstdraftIwasalsofortunatetoreceivemanyusefulcommentsfromGeoffreySayreMcCordandPaulRussell,whoreviewedthemanuscriptforRoutledgeFinally,thankstoJonathanWolffforinvitingmetowritethebook,andforallhishelpduringtheprocessAbbreviationsWorksbyHumereferredtointhetext:TATreatiseofHumanNature,edLASelbyBiggeandPHNidditch,Oxford:Clarendon,TheTreatiseismadeupofthreeBooks,whichareinturndividedintoPartsconsistingofSectionsHence,whenIsay‘T’,thisreferstoBook,Part,SectionAAbstractoftheTreatise,inSelbyBiggeandNidditch()EAnEnquiryConcerningHumanUnderstanding,inEnquiriesConcerningHumanUnderstandingandConcerningthePrinciplesofMorals,edLASelbyBiggeandPHNidditch,Oxford:Clarendon,EAnEnquiryConcerningthePrinciplesofMorals,inSelbyBiggeandNidditch()ST‘OftheStandardofTaste’,inEssays,Moral,PoliticalandLiterary,edEFMiller,Indianapolis:LibertyClassics,ChapterIntroductionLifeandtimesDavidHumewasborninEdinburghinintoadistinguishedbutnotparticularlywealthyfamilywhoseestatewasinNinewells,Berwickshire,neartheborderwithEnglandRecordsrevealthatthefamilynamehadbeentypicallyspelled‘Home’,whichwaspronouncedthesameas‘Hume’,althoughthoselessbureaucratictimesallowedmanyvariationsincluding‘Hoom’and‘Hum’WhiletheHomeshadbeeninBerwickshiresinceatleastthetwelfthcentury,Hume’sdirectancestorsoccupiedNinewellssincethefifteenthcenturyAfterthedeathofhisfather,JosephHome,in,Humewasraised,alongwithanelderbrotherandsister,byhismotherKatherineInhisbiography,ErnestMossnerrecordsthatThefamilywerePresbyterians,membersoftheestablishedChurchofScotlandInpoliticstheywereWhigs,stronglyapprovingtherevolutionof,theUnionof,andtheaccessionoftheHouseofHanoverinandstronglydisapprovingallvarietiesofJacobitism(Mossner:unlessotherwisestated,allpagereferencesinthissectionrefertoMossner)HumeenrolledatEdinburghUniversityin,alongsidehisbrotherJohnThisdidnotindicateprecocity,sinceelevenwasatypicalagetoenterauniversity,thesebeingmoreakintoamoderndayhighschoolthanauniversityasweknowitThecorecurriculumconsistedofLatin,Greek,Logic,Metaphysics,andNaturalPhilosophy(ie,Physics),withelectivesavailableinMathematicsandHistoryHumeleftaroundwithoutgraduating,aswascommoninthosedays,andthereislittlerecordofhistimethereInMyOwnLife,hemerelynotesthat‘IpassedthroughtheordinaryCourseofEducationwithSuccess’(:)Onleavinguniversity,hewasundersomefamilialpressuretoenterthelegalprofession,andenteredintoaperiodofprivatestudywithinwhichlawinitiallyplayedamajorpartHislegalknowledgewasthoughtsufficienttogainhimthecommissionofJudgeAdvocatetoamilitaryexpeditionofandthroughouthislifeitenabledhimtodrawuplegaldocumentsofmanydifferenttypesandtoofferexpertcommentonmatterspertainingtothelaw(:)Althoughhedescribedhimselfasbeing‘religiouswhenyoung’,hepartedcompanywithitaroundthistime,decidingthat,ashelatertoldFrancisHutcheson,‘IdesiretotakemyCatalogueofVirtuesfromCicero’sOffices,notfromtheWholeDutyofMan’(:),thepietisttractofhisboyhoodThisseemstohavebeenaperiodofextraordinaryintellectualgrowth,sincebyhehadreachedthebasicinsightsunderlyinghisphilosophicaltheoryAftermuchStudy,ReflectiononthisnewMedium,bywhichTruthmightbeestablisht,atlast,whenIwasaboutYearsofAge,thereseem’dtobeopen’duptomeanewSceneofThought,whichtransportedmebeyondMeasure,mademe,withanArdornaturaltoyoungmen,throwupeveryotherPleasureorBusinesstoapplyentirelytoitTheLaw,whichwastheBusinessIdesign’dtofollow,appear’dnauseoustome,Icou’dthinkofnootherwayofpushingmyFortuneintheWorldbutthatofaScholarPhilosopher(:)Fromtill,hepursuedthisnew‘SceneofThought’sosinglemindedlyastoaffecthishealth,sufferingdepression,togetherwithavarietyofphysicalailmentsincludingscurvyHisdoctoreccentricallyrecommendedapintofclareteachday,alongwithmoderateexerciseHumealsocametothebeliefthat‘BusinessandDiversion’wouldbethebestcureforhisstateofmind,soheputhisstudiesonholdandstartedworkasaclerkforasugarimporterinBristolAroundthistimehechangedthespellingofhisnametoHume,sincetheEnglishkeptmispronouncingitHisbusinesscareerwasshortlived,beingdismissedafterincurringhisemployer’swrathforconstantlycorrectinghisgrammarandliterarystyleTheTreatisewaslargelywritteninFrancebetweenandHavingayearlyallowanceofaround£,hecouldnotaffordtoliveinParis,hisidealchoiceofresidence,andsettledinLaFleche,AnjouApartfromcheaplodgings,LaFlechehadtheadvantageofawellestablishedJesuitcollege(whereDescarteshadbeeneducated)whichincludedaHumeonmoralityseemsnottohavegraspedHume’sintentions,failingtorecognizemanysignificantareassubstantiallibraryHumereturnedtoLondontofindapublisher,stayingtheretillearlyJohnNoonpublishedBooksandoftheTreatiseinJanuary,BookbeingpublishedbyThomasLongmaninNovemberHefollowedacommonpracticeinpublishinganonymously,andonlyexplicitlyadmitteditsauthorshipinposthumouslypublishedworksHechosetoremovethemostcontroversialsection,achapteronmiracles,withtheintentionofavoidingtheinevitablefuroreby‘enthusiasts’whichwoulddominatediscussionattheexpenseofthemaintheoreticalconsiderationsfromwhichhistheologicalviewswereconsequentHumejudgedthisconcessiontohavehadnoeffectWhileheadaptedPopetolamentthat‘Itfelldeadbornfromthepress,withoutreachingsuchdistinction,aseventoexciteamurmuramongthezealots’,thereismuchevidencetothecontraryAlthoughinitialsaleswereslow,thehostilereactionamongexcitablepersonssoongatheredsuchamomentumastowreckhischancesofanacademiccareer,andheenduredtheirattacksonhischaracter,andmisrepresentationsofhiswork,throughouthislifeApartfromasmallcircleofcognoscenti,whichincludedmembersofthe‘moderate’wingoftheChurch,hewas‘HumetheInfidel’ratherthan‘lebonDavid’Initialreviewswereuniforminthat(a)theyfocusedalmostentirelyonBook(b)theyseriouslymisunderstooditand(c)theirtonewashostileandofteninsultingTherewasnopublicresponsefromthosecapableofunderstandingit,suchasBerkeleyorHutchesonHisdecisiontopublishanAbstractsummarizingtheargumentofBookhadnoeffectDisillusionedwithhisbook’sreception,heattemptedtogethisideasacrossintheformofessaysaimedatageneralpublicEssaysMoralandPoliticalwaspublishedin,andwaswellreceivedStill,aslateas,HumecouldsadlyreportthatIcou’dcovertheFloorofalargeRoomwithBooksandPamphletswroteagainstme,tononeofwhichIevermadetheleastReply,notfromDisdain(fortheAuthorsofsomeofthem,Irespect),butfrommyDesireofEaseandtranquillity(:)ThefirstconsideredstudyofHume’ssystemwasbyThomasReid,whosucceededwhereHumehadnotinbecomingChairofLogicatGlasgowHisInquiryintotheHumanMind,onthePrinciplesofCommonSenseIntroductioncameoutin,aquartercenturyaftertheTreatiseHowever,evenheofagreementwithhisownworkWithinHume’slifetime,hismostfamouscriticwasJamesBeattie,ProfessorofMoralPhilosophyandLogicatMarischalCollege,AberdeenHisbook,AnEssayontheNatureandImmutabilityofTruthinoppositiontoSophistryandScepticism,appearedinAlthoughanimmediatepopularsuccesswhichwastogothroughfiveeditionspriortoHume’sdeathin,itisnowregardedasaworkoflittlephilosophicalmerit,withBeattiehimselfonlyrememberedbyHume’sepithet,‘ThatbigottedsillyFellow,Beattie’WhileHumeneverpubliclycounteredBeattie,hewassufficientlystungtotaketheunprecedentedstepofaddingaprefatorial‘Advertisement’tofutureeditionsofhisworks,denouncingtheTreatiseasanegligentandjuvenilework,ajudgementwithwhichfewwouldnowconcurHumeappliedfortheChairofEthicsandPneumaticalPhilosophyatEdinburghUniversityinPneumaticsreferrednottothemechanicsofgases,butconsistedofNaturalTheologyandproofsofGod’simmortality,alongwiththestudyofimmaterialbeingsandsupposed‘subtlematerialsubstances’imperceptibletothesensesHumecomplainedthat:‘TheaccusationofHeresy,Deism,Scepticism,Atheismcccwasstartedagainstmebutnevertook,beingboredownbythecontraryAuthorityofallthegoodCompanyinTown’(:)Thisisdisingenuoustosaytheleast,sinceoppositiontohisappointmentincludedevenFrancisHutcheson,amanwhohadprobablydonemorethananyoneelseofhistimetomodernizeandliberalizecurriculaatScottishuniversitiesSince,allteachersatScottishuniversitieswererequiredtosubscribetotheWestminsterConfessionofFaith,somethingthatHumecouldsurelynotinallconsciencedoAsAlasdairMacIntyrehasdiscussedatlength,theChairofMoralPhilosophyataScottishuniversitywasunprecedentedinitsinfluenceongeneralcultureForthetaskofaprofessorofmoralphilosophyineighteenthcenturyScotlandcametobethatofprovidingadefenseofjustthosefundamentalmoralprinciples,conceivedofasantecedenttobothallpositivelawandallparticularformsofsocialorganization,whichdefinedpeculiarlyScottishinstitutionsandattitudesAndinprovidingthiskindofdefensephilosophyandespeciallymoralphilosophyassumedakindofauthorityinScottishculturewhichithasrarelyenjoyedinothertimesandplacesHumeonmorality(MacIntyre:)TheseriousnesswithwhichthisroleofdefendingandpromotingPresbyteriantheologywastakenisshownbythefactthatsomeoneasdevoutasHutchesoncouldbetriedforheresyIndeed,itwaslessthanfiftyyearssinceadivinitystudenthadbeenexecutedonsuchachargeHowHumethoughthimselfsuitedforsuchajob,orthathehadanychanceofgettingit,isbeyondmeItishardnottoagreewithMacIntyrethatOfHume’sunfitnesstoholdachairwhich,forexample,requireditsholdertogiveinstructioninthetruthsofrationalreligioninawaythatwouldbeatleastcongruentwithandsupportiveoftheChristianrevelationtherecaninretrospectbelittledoubt(MacIntyre:)Aroundthistime,HumebecametutortotheMarquessofAnnandale,whoprofessedhimselfanadmireroftheEssaysTheexperiencewasnotahappyone,sincetheMarquesswasinsaneShortlyafterthisfiasco,HumewashiredasmilitarysecretaryforaprojectedexpeditiontoCanada,whichnevertookplaceHewaslatersecondedtoembassiesinViennaandTurinTherethenfollowedanintensiveperiodofwriting,beginningwiththepublicationinoftheEnquiryConcerningHumanUnderstanding,plusPhilosophicalEssays,whichincluded‘OnMiracles’AfterreturningtoNinewellsin,thenextfewyearsproducedtheEnquiryintothePrinciplesofMorals,PoliticalDiscourses,andtheposthumouslypublishedDialoguesConcerningNaturalReligionHealsobeganresearchforhislargestundertaking,theHistoryofEnglandThiswaspublishedinsixvolumesbetweenand,andwasbyfarHume’smostsuccessfulbookbothfinanciallyandintermsofpublicacclaim,remainingthestandardworkinthefieldevenintothiscenturyHumewastomakeonemoreseriousattemptatanacademiccareer,applyingfortheChairofLogicatGlasgowin,afterAdamSmithhadvacatedittomoveovertotheChairofMoralPhilosophyAsbeforeinEdinburgh,hisappointmentwasblockedbyhostileclergyBythispoint,itwasnotonlythePresbyterianswhoweretakingoffenceathisviewsInhewasflatteredbyhavingallhisworksplacedontheVatican’slistofprohibitedbooksIntroductionOnreturningtoEdinburghin,hebecameacentralfigureinelevatingthatcitytoaculturalcentresecondonlytoParisHewasappointedLibrariantotheFacultyofAdvocates,apostheheldforfiveyearsWhilethesalarywassmall,itplacedhiminchargeofwhatwasundoubtedlythebestlibraryinthecountry,whichprovedinvaluabletohishistoricalresearchesHeparticipatedinmanylearnedsocieties,and,assecretarytothePhilosophicalSocietyofEdinburgh,publishedBenjaminFranklin’spaperonthelightningrodThesesocietiesincludedmanymembersofthe‘Moderate’clergy,whowerethroughouthislifetobeamonghisstrongestdefendersagainstthewrathoftheirrighteousbrethrenForexample,theywereamonghismostprominentsupportersinhisstruggletoobtainanacademicpositionAgain,whentheEvangelicalsproposedexcommunicatingHumefromtheChurch,thesefriendspatientlypointedouttheabsurdityofthesuggestion,since‘itbeginsbyallegingthatthedefenderdeniesanddisbelievesChristianity,andthenitseekstoproceedagainsthimandtopunishhimasaChristian’(:)WhileHume’swritingsarefullofdisparagingremarksabouttheclergy,depictingthemashypocritical,conceitedmenwhosezealwasfuelledbyhatredandvengeance,itisobviousthatheistalkingprimarilyabouttheEvangelicalsandotherenthusiastsStill,heshouldhavebeenmorecareful,sincehisfriendsandalliesincludedclergywhoembodiedmoreofhis‘natural’virtuesthanthe‘monkish’oneshesodespisedHumespokethroughouthislifewithastrongaccent,andhisconversationwasfulloftermsuniquetoScotsThisseemstohavebeenasourceofsomeembarrassmenttohim,aswellasaninconvenience,sincetheEnglishoftenhaddifficultyinunderstandingwhathewassayingHowever,hepaidseriousattentiontoremovingthese‘Scotticisms’fromhiswritingsInaddition,heandhiscircleexpendedgreatenergyinencouragingclearEnglishpronunciationandproseintheirfellows,goingtotheextentofestablishingaChairatEdinburghUniversityforthatverypurposeThiswasjudgednecessarygiventheincreasingnumbersofScotsinpositionsofimportanceinLondon,followingtheUnionofInsharpcontrasttohisstatusinBritain,HumewasacelebrityinFranceOnarrivalinParisin,asPrivateSecretarytotheBritishAmbassador,hewasimmediatelyfetedbythehighestsociety,provokingtheenvyofHoraceWalpole,whoremarkedthatHume‘isfashionitself,althoughhisFrenchisalmostasunintelligibleashisEnglish’(:)Hewasathomeintheleadingsalons,particularlythatoftheComtessedeHumeonmoralityBoufflers,whowasalso,unfortunatelyforourhero,themistressofthePrincedeContiHeremainedincontactwithherfortherestofhislifeApartfromhighsociety,Humewasalsoinregularcontactwithlead

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/44

*新书上架*【劳特里奇哲学导读】休谟论道德

仅供在线阅读

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利