加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 *新书上架*【康德研究】康德与分析哲学的根基

*新书上架*【康德研究】康德与分析哲学的根基.pdf

*新书上架*【康德研究】康德与分析哲学的根基

九月虺
2009-07-16 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《*新书上架*【康德研究】康德与分析哲学的根基pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

KANTANDTHEFOUNDATIONSOFANALYTICPHILOSOPHYRoberthannapresentsafreshviewoftheKantianandanalytictraditionsthathavedominatedcontinentalEuropeanandAngloAmericanphilosophyoverthelasttwocenturies,andoftherelationbetweenthemTheriseofanalyticphilosophydecisivelymarkedtheendofthehundredyeardominanceofKant’sphilosophyinEuropeButHannashowsthattheanalytictraditionalsoemergedfromKant’sphilosophyinthesensethatitsmemberswereabletodefineandlegitimatetheirideasonlybymeansofanintensive,extendedengagementwith,andapartialorcompleterejectionof,theCriticalPhilosophyHanna’sbookthereforecomprisesbothaninterpretativestudyofKant’smassiveandseminalCritiqueofPureReason,andacriticalessayonthehistoricalfoundationsofanalyticphilosophyfromFregetoQuineHannaconsidersKant’skeydoctrinesintheCritiqueinthelightoftheirreceptionandtransmissionbytheleadingfiguresoftheanalytictraditionFrege,Moore,Russell,Wittgenstein,Carnap,andQuineButthisisnotjustastudyinthehistoryofphilosophy,foroutofthisemergesHanna’soriginalapproachtotwomuchcontestedtheoriesthatremainattheheartofcontemporaryphilosophyHannaputsforwardanew‘cognitivesemantic’interpretationoftranscendentalidealism,andavigorousdefenceofKant’stheoryofanalyticandsyntheticnecessarytruthThesewillmakeKantandtheFoundationsofAnalyticPhilosophycompellingreadingnotjustforspecialistsinthehistoryofphilosophy,butforallwhoareinterestedinthesefundamentalphilosophicalissuesThispageintentionallyleftblankKantandtheFoundationsofAnalyticPhilosophyROBERTHANNACLARENDONPRESS•OXFORDGreatClarendonStreet,OxfordoxdpOxfordUniversityPressisadepartmentoftheUniversityofOxfordItfurtherstheUniversity’sobjectiveofexcellenceinresearch,scholarship,andeducationbypublishingworldwideinOxfordNewYorkAucklandBangkokBuenosAiresCapeTownChennaiDaresSalaamDelhiHongKongIstanbulKarachiKolkataKualaLumpurMadridMelbourneMexicoCityMumbaiNairobiSãoPauloShanghaiTaipeiTokyoTorontoOxfordisaregisteredtrademarkofOxfordUniversityPressintheUKandincertainothercountriesPublishedintheUnitedStatesbyOxfordUniversityPressInc,NewYork©RobertHannaThemoralrightsoftheauthorhavebeenassertedDatabaserightOxfordUniversityPress(maker)FirstpublishedFirstpublishedinpaperbackAllrightsreservedNopartofthispublicationmaybereproduced,storedinaretrievalsystem,ortransmitted,inanyformorbyanymeans,withoutthepriorpermissioninwritingofOxfordUniversityPress,orasexpresslypermittedbylaw,orundertermsagreedwiththeappropriatereprographicsrightsorganisationEnquiriesconcerningreproductionoutsidethescopeoftheaboveshouldbesenttotheRightsDepartment,OxfordUniversityPress,attheaddressaboveYoumustnotcirculatethisbookinanyotherbindingorcoverandyoumustimposethissameconditiononanyacquirerBritishLibraryCataloguinginPublicationDataDataavailableLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataHanna,RobertKantandthefoundationsofanalyticphilosophyRobertHannapcmIncludesbibliographicalreferences(p)andindexAnalysis(Philosophy)Kant,Immanuel,–KritikderreinenVernunftKant,Immanuel,–InfluenceITitleBH′dc–ISBN–––X(hbk)ISBN–––(pbk)TypesetbyGraphicraftLtd,HongKongPrintedinGreatBritainonacidfreepaperbyBiddlesLtd,King’sLynn,NorfolkToMTHandETHThefundamentalthingsapply,astimegoesbyThispageintentionallyleftblankPREFACEANDACKNOWLEDGEMENTSSincethelatesIhavebeendeeplyinterestedintheconnectionsbetweenKant’sCritiqueofPureReasonandthehistoricalfoundationsofanalyticphilosophyWhatstruckmelikeaslapinthefacebackthen,justasnow,ishowtheleadingfiguresoftheanalytictraditionfromthesupthroughthesandsFrege,Moore,Russell,andearlyWittgensteinCarnapandtheViennaCirclelaterWittgensteinandtheordinarylanguagephilosophersandQuinequiteselfconsciouslyrejectedthemaindoctrinesofthefirstCritiqueandyetalsoquiteunconsciouslyabsorbedKant’swayofformulatingtheverydistinctionsandproblemstheyweredealingwithShiningexamplesarethefamiliarandperhapsalltoofamiliardichotomiesbetweenanalyticandsynthetic,aprioriandaposteriori,rationalismandempiricism,purelogicandempiricalpsychology,logicismandintuitionism,realismandidealism,andsoonWherewouldanalyticphilosophybewithouttheseenablingcontrastsandworriesInthissense,theanalytictraditionisthereversedimageofthefirstCritiqueInorthereaboutsIreadAlbertoCoffa’simportantbook,TheSemanticTraditionfromKanttoCarnapCoffa’sthesisisthatthesortofphilosophicalsemanticspractisedbyCarnapandtheothermembersoftheViennaCirclewasthedirectresultofalongandsubtledialecticalengagementwithKant’stheoryoftheaprioriThat,ofcourse,wasgristformymill:itseemedtobeonlyaninstanceofamoregeneralfactItalsosohappenedthatatthesametimeIwasworkingmywaythroughStephenSchiffer’sequallyimportantbook,RemnantsofMeaningSchifferraisesaverydisturbingquestionnamely,whatifthesemanticprojectthatliesattheheartofrecentandcontemporaryanalyticphilosophyisinfactincoherentandimpossibleAsIreadCoffa’sbookinparallelwithSchiffer’s,IgraduallyrealizedthatourlatetwentiethcenturysenseoftheobviouswrongnessofKant’sviewsonthecrucialanalyticsyntheticandaprioriaposterioridistinctions,andonalltheotherstoo,wasbasedonacertainconventionalunderstandingofthefirstprinciplesofanalyticphilosophyButifSchifferiscorrect,thenthatconventionalunderstandingisitself,attheveryleast,notobviouslyrightThisinturnledmetothethoughtthat,althoughKant’sdoctrineshadbeenofficiallytrounced,theyhadnotactuallybeenrefutedinanydecisivewaynotbyalongshotForthesereasons,itseemedtomethatareconsiderationoftheconnectionbetweenKant’sfirstCritiqueandthehistoricalfoundationsofanalyticphilosophyfromFregetoQuinecouldusefullyilluminatebothKant’stheoreticalphilosophyandsometopicsofcentralcontemporaryconcernHence,afterasuitableperiodoftimehadelapsed,thisbookAndwhileIamintheconfessionalmode,oneotherprefatorycommentEveryonehasheardtheequallywickedandwittyremark,usuallyattributedtoQuine,thattherearetwokindsofphilosophersthosewhoareinterestedinthehistoryofphilosophyandthosewhoareinterestedinphilosophyPartofmymotivationforundertakingthisprojectwastoshowhowthoroughlythatremarkandtheattitudeitexpressesmisrepresenttherealnatureofoursubjectForexample:itisnowclearthatanalyticphilosophyasitwaspractisedintheyearofthefirstpublicpresentationof‘TwoDogmasofEmpiricism’wasinlargeparttheresultofworkingouttothebitterendaboldprojectinitiatedbyFregeinthesButthingsmighthavegoneverydifferentlyafterifFrege’sprojecthad,in,beenplacedinabroaderhistoricalperspectiveImeantosaythatwecannotdophilosophyinthepresentwithoutimplicitlyadoptinganunderstandingofphilosophy’spastandalsothatwecannotproperlydophilosophyinthepresentwithoutmakingthisimplicithistoricalunderstandingexplicitthatis,withoutcriticallyexaminingtheintellectualoriginsandgenesiswenormallytakeforgrantedSoonemightthensaythattherearetwokindsofphilosophers:thosewhoareinterestedinthehistoryofphilosophyandthosewhoshouldbeWritingbooksisusuallyasolitaryoccupation,butphilosophyisalwaysasocialactivitythusIhavebeenhelpedbymanypeopleIwouldparticularlyliketothankPaulGuyer,ChristopherShields,andSirPeterFStrawsonfortheircommentsonversionsofChapterMarkBalaguerforhiscommentsonaversionofChapterandAlexOliverforcommentsonaversionofChapterManythanks,too,areherebydirectedtoGeorgeBealer,JerroldKatz,PatriciaKitcher,MichaelPotter,PeterRailton,andChristopherShieldsfor(formeanyhow)fogliftingconversationsaboutvariousaspectsoftheprojectMyeditorsatOUP,PeterMomtchiloff,CharlotteJenkins,andHilaryWalford,havebeenunfailinglyhelpful,efficient,andpleasantthroughouttheseveralstagesoftheprocessofgettingmymanuscriptintodecentshapeandthenintoprintAboveall,however,IoweapersonaldebtofgratitudetoPaulGuyerandPeterStrawsonfortheirlongstandingsupportoftheveryideaofthisprojectManyundergraduateandgraduatestudentsparticipatedinvariousversionsofarepeatingcycleofthreeseminarsonKant’sfirstCritique,onthesemanticsandepistemologyofnecessarytruth,andonthehistoricalfoundationsofanalyticphilosophythatIranattheUniversityofColoradoatBoulder,atYorkUniversity,andthenbackatBoulderagain,fromtoTheirintelligentcommentsandquestionswereaconstantsourceofgoodideasandtheirappropriatelydirectedexpressionsofbemusementandscepticismprovidedtheperfectsystemofcriticalchecksandbalancesThankstoyouallInasimilarvein,IwouldliketothankaudiencesattheviiiPrefaceandAcknowledgementsUniversityofWyoming,UniversityofBritishColumbia,YorkUniversity,andBowlingGreenStateUniversity,andalsomembersoftheCambridgeMoralSciencesClub,theEasternDivisionoftheAmericanPhilosophicalAssociation,theNorthAmericanKantSociety,andtheUKKantSociety,fortheircommentsonpresentationsofbitsandpiecesofthisandcloselyrelatedmaterialIhavealsobeenaidedbyinstitutionsTheDepartmentofPhilosophyattheUniversityofColoradoatBouldergrantedmereleasetimefromteachingduringtheSpringtermof,makingitpossibletocomposetheearliestdraftsofChapters–AndboththeUniversityofColoradoandYorkUniversitygenerouslygavemetravelmoneytotestdrivesomeofmyideasMyindebtednesstomywife,MarthaHanna,andtoourdaughter,Beth,isofadifferentalthoughultimatelymoreimportantnatureThequotationontheDedicationpageistakenfromthesong‘AsTimeGoesBy’ItwaswrittenbythelittleknownphilosopherHermanHupfeld,butaseveryoneknowsmemorablyperformedbyDooleyWilsoninthatmostsentimentalandwonderfulofalloldmovies,CasablancaRHJanuaryBoulder,ColoradoPrefaceandAcknowledgementsixThispageintentionallyleftblankCONTENTSANoteontheTextxiiiAbbreviationsxivIntroductionKantandtheSemanticProblemIntroductionKant’sCognitiveSemantics‘AnOverviewoftheWhole’Kant’sEpigeneticModeloftheMindTheElementsofJudgement:IntuitionsandConceptsKant,Moore,andtheNatureofJudgementConclusionHowareCognitionsPossibleIntroductionTheLogicalSyntaxoftheMindObjectiveValidityTranscendentalIdealismI:AppearancesandIdealityTranscendentalIdealismII:NoumenaandAffectionConclusionAnalyticitywithintheLimitsofCognitionAloneIntroductionKant’sCognitivistTheoryofAnalyticityButisitPsychologisticFrege,Analyticity,andKantCarnap,Analyticity,andKantQuine,Analyticity,andKantConclusionTheSignificanceofSyntheticityIntroductionFrege,Kant,andSyntheticityWhatanIntuitionIsPureIntuitionFrege’sIntuitionismConclusionNecessityRestricted:TheSyntheticAPrioriIntroductionPossibleWorldsandExperienceableWorldsApriorityandNecessityAnalyticandSyntheticAPriori:AGeneralFormulationWhyGeometryisSyntheticAPrioriTheChallengefromNonEuclideanGeometryConclusionConcludingUnQuineanPostscriptBibliographyIndexxiiContentsANOTEONTHETEXTForconvenienceIciteKant’sworksinfratextuallyinparenthesesThesecitationsnormallyincludebothanabbreviationoftheEnglishtitleandalsothecorrespondingvolumeandpagenumbersinthestandard‘Akademie’(Ak)editionofKant’sworksForreferencestothefirstCritique,however,IfollowthecommonpracticeofgivingpagenumbersfromtheA()andB()GermaneditionsonlyAndforreferencestoKant’sReflexionenieentriesinoneoranotherofthetenvolumesofthe(largely)untranslatedKantshandschriftlicherNachlaßIgivetheentrynumberinadditiontotheAkademievolumeandpagenumbersForquotationsfromKant’sworksIgenerallyfollowthestandardEnglishtranslationwheneveroneisavailable,buthavealsocorrectedormodifiedthemslightlywhereveritseemedappropriateInthecrucialcaseofthefirstCritique,however,Ihavesoughtbothmaximumtranslationalaccuracyandmaximumphilosophicalflexibilitybyfreelycombiningthetwoleadingtranslations,KempSmithandGuyerWood,withmyownterminologicalfinetuningsBecausetheAkademieeditioncontainsonlytheBversionofthefirstCritique,IalsoconsultedthefollowingGermancompositeedition:KritikderreinenVernunft,edWWeischedel,ImmanuelKantWerkausgabeIII(Frankfurt:Suhrkamp,)ThetranslationsoftheReflexionenaremyownABBREVIATIONSAAnthropologyfromaPragmaticPointofView,transMGregor(TheHague:MartinusNijhoff,)AkKantsgesammelteSchriften,vols,edRoyalPrussian(nowGerman)AcademyofSciences(Berlin:GReimer(nowdeGruyter),–)BL‘TheBlombergLogic’,inLL–CJCritiqueofJudgement,transJCMeredith(Oxford:OxfordUniversityPress,)CPRCritiqueofPureReason,transNKempSmith(NewYork:StMartin’s,)CritiqueofPureReason,transPGuyerandAWood(Cambridge:CambridgeUniversityPress,)CPrRCritiqueofPracticalReason,transLWBeck(Indianapolis:BobbsMerrill,)DS‘ConcerningtheUltimateGroundoftheDifferentiationofDirectionsinSpace’,inTP–DWL‘TheDohna–WundlackenLogic’,inLL–FS‘TheFalseSubtletyoftheFourSyllogisticFigures’,inTP–GMMGroundingfortheMetaphysicsofMorals,transJEllington(Indianapolis:Hackett,)I‘InquiryConcerningtheDistinctnessofthePrinciplesofNaturalTheologyandMorality’,inTP–generallyknownasthe‘PrizeEssay’ID‘OntheFormandPrinciplesoftheSensibleandIntelligibleWorld’,inTP–generallyknownasthe‘InauguralDissertation’JL‘TheJäscheLogic’,inLL–LLImmanuelKant:LecturesonLogic,transJMYoung(Cambridge:CambridgeUniversityPress,)MFNSMetaphysicalFoundationsofNaturalScience,transJEllington(Indianapolis:BobbsMerrill,)NE‘ANewElucidationoftheFirstPrinciplesofMetaphysicalCognition’,inTP–O‘AnAttemptatSomeReflectionsonOptimism’,inTP–OD‘OnaDiscoveryaccordingtowhichanyNewCritiqueofPureReasonhasbeenmadeSuperfluousbyanEarlierOne’,inTheKant–EberhardControversy,transHAllison(Baltimore:JohnsHopkinsUniversityPress,),–OPA‘TheOnlyPossibleArgumentinSupportofaDemonstrationoftheExistenceofGod’,inTP–OT‘WhatisOrientationinThinking’,inKant:PoliticalWritings,edHReiss,transHBNisbet(ndednCambridge:CambridgeUniversityPress,),–PProlegomenatoAnyFutureMetaphysics,transJEllington(Indianapolis:Hackett,)PCImmanuelKant:PhilosophicalCorrespondence,–,transAZweig(Chicago:UniversityofChicagoPress,)PM‘PhysicalMonadology’,inTP–RReflexionen=KantshandschriftlicherNachlaßRPWhatRealProgresshasMetaphysicsmadeinGermanysincetheTimeofLeibnizandWolff,transTHumphrey(NewYork:Arabis,)TPImmanuelKant:TheoreticalPhilosophy,–,transDWalfordandRMeerbote(Cambridge:CambridgeUniversityPress,)VL‘TheViennaLogic’,inLL–AbbreviationsxvThispageintentionallyleftblankTaylor,‘PhilosophyanditsHistory’,IntroductionPhilosophyandthehistoryofphilosophyareoneYoucannotdothefirstwithoutalsodoingthesecondOtherwiseput,itisessentialtoanadequateunderstandingofcertainproblems,questions,issues,thatoneunderstandthemgeneticallyCharlesTaylorThisbookhastwointimatelyintertwinedtopicsFirst,itisaninterpretivestudyofImmanuelKant’smassiveandseminalCritiqueofPureReasonbutsecondlyandequally,itisacriticalessayonthehistoricalfoundationsofanalyticphilosophyfromGottlobFregetoWVOQuineByKant’sownreckoning,thefirstCritiqueisanextendedreflectiononasinglequestion:‘Nowtherealproblemofpurereasoniscontainedinthequestion:howaresyntheticapriorijudgementspossible’(CPRB)TranslatedoutofKant’sjargon,thisquestionraisesadeepandbroadlyapplicablephilosophicaldifficulty:howcanthesamejudgementbeatoncenecessarilytrue,referredtotherealornaturalworldinasubstantiveway,yetcognizablebycreaturesmindedlikeusapartfromallsenseexperienceForeasyreference,Iwillcallthis‘theModalProblem’Kant’sModalProblemcomprehendsfourimportantsubthemesofthefirstCritique:()thenatureofjudgementinallfoursensesof(i)aparticulartruthevaluable‘judgement’(Urteil)or‘proposition’(Satz),(ii)anactofpropositionalaffirmationor‘holdingfortrue’(Fürwahrhalten),(iii)thementalstateorprocessof‘judging’(Beurteilen),and(iv)thementalcapacityforjudgingorthe‘powertojudge’(Urteilskraft)()thecrucialdistinctionbetween‘concepts’(Begriffe)and‘intuitions’(Anschauungen)()theintimatelyrelatedandequallycrucialdistinctionbetweenanalyticandsyntheticjudgementsand,lastbutnotleast,()theproteandistinctionbetweenaprioriandaposteriori,whichcutsrightacrosstheotherthreesubthemesUltimately,however,neitherKant’sproposedsolutiontotheModalProblem,noranyofitsimplicatedsubthemes,fullymakessenseexceptagainstthebackdropofKant’sdoctrineoftranscendentalidealismHenceacentralfeatureofmyaccountisanewinterpretationofhisspecialbrandofidealismThenubofthatinterpretationisthatKant’sanswerinthefirstCritiqueIntroductiontohisleadingquestionaboutsyntheticapriorijudgementsgrowsdirectlyoutofhislongstandingengagementwithanevenmorefundamentalproblemInhispreCriticalworkof,‘TheOnlyPossibleArgumentinSupportofaDemonstrationoftheExistenceofGod’,Kantspeaksinpassingof‘thedeepestscienceofall,wheretheword“representation”isunderstoodwithsufficientprecisionandemployedwithconfidence,eventhoughitsmeaningcanneverbeanalysedbymeansofdefinition’(OPAAkii)Adecadelater,inafamouslettertohisformerstudentMarcusHerz,hereturnstothesameideawhiledescribingthemaintopicsofwhateventuallybecamethefirstCritique:I

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/49

*新书上架*【康德研究】康德与分析哲学的根基

仅供在线阅读

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利