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首页 剑桥商务英语BEC高级阅读真题

剑桥商务英语BEC高级阅读真题.doc

剑桥商务英语BEC高级阅读真题

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2009-07-08 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《剑桥商务英语BEC高级阅读真题doc》,可适用于外语资料领域

剑桥商务英语BEC高级阅读真题  PARTONE  Questions  ·Lookatthesentencesbelowandatfivepassagestakenfromabookaboutfamousmanagementthinkersontheoppositepage  ·Whichpassagedoeseachsentencereferto  ·Foreachsentence,markoneletterAB,C,DorEonyourAnswerSheet  ·Youwillneedtousesomeoftheselettersmorethanonce  Example:  Hehasdevelopedhisowncompanytopromotehiswork  ABCDE  Othersinhisfieldthinkveryhighlyofhim  Hisideashavespreadbeyondthebusinessworld  Hefeltthatpeopleshouldbeabletoenjoytheirwork  Hisideasaremorecomplexthantheyseem  Hedidavarietyofinterestingthingsbeforewritinghisbooks  Hismostsuccessfulbookwaswrittenwithacolleague  Heisparticularlyskilledatforecastingimportantdevelopments  Contactwiththemilitarywasanearlyinfluenceonhisthinking  AJohnAdair  AdairisthepioneeringBritishthinkerinthetheoryofleadershipHewasthefirstpersonintheUKtoholdaprofessorshipinBusinessLeadershipandhaspublishedaseriesofinfluentialbooksonthesubject  Despitehisquietappearance,Adairhashadacolourfullife,servinginaBedouinregimentandworkingonanArcticfishingboat!HisinitialinterestinleadershipcamefromhisarmyexperienceandheusedtolectureatthehighlyprestigiousacademywhereBritisharmyofficesaretrainedHenowworksasaninternationalconsultant  BEdwarddeBono  DeBonoisunusualamongmajorgurusfortworeasons:firstly,hewasbornnotinoneofthegreatindustrialnationsbutonthetinyislandofMaltaSecondly,hisideashavereachedawideraudiencethanjustmanagers,sothathisbookshavebecomeessentialrendinginmanydifferentdisciplines  MostofdeBonosworkhasbeenconcernedwiththewayhumanbeingscantrainthemselvestothinkmorecreativelyThisapparentlysimpleideahasresultedinbooksandahighlysuccessfulcareerasalecturerandconsultant  CPeterDrucker  ProbablynoothersinglethinkerhasdoneasmuchasDruckertoestablishmanagementasaseriousareaofstudyCertainly,hisfellowmanagementthinkersconsiderhimoneofthefoundingfathersofthediscipline,andhisbooksandarticlesarequotedmorethanthoseofanyothermanagementwriter  Hisfirstbookwaspublishedasfarbackas,yetheisstillwritingandteachingHisgreatestdistinctionhasbeenhisabilitytopredictcomingtrendsinbusinessandeconomicsAsaresult,hisideasaretreatedwiththegreatestrespectandinterest  DFrederickHerzberg  Althoughrelativelyfewcontemporarymanagementstudentswillhavereadhisbooks,HerzbergsnameisinstantlyrecognisabletoanyonewhohasstudiedindustrialorganisationsThisisbecausetheAmericanpsychologistwasresponsibleforintroducingtheconceptofmotivationintomanagementthinking  Asayoungman,HerzbergbecamedeeplyinterestedinmentalillnessandthehumanneedformentalandemotionalsatisfactionThisledhimtocriticisetheapproachofmanycompaniestojobdesign,andtoarguefortheneedforjobenrichmenttostimulateemployeesefforts  ETomPeters  TheAmericansreputationwascreatedintheIsbythespectacularsuccessofonebook,InSearchofExcellence,cowrittenwithRobertWatermanThetwowereworkingtogetherasmanagementconsultantsandnooneexpectedtheirfirst(andonly)booktoendupsellingmillioncopiesworldwide!  Althoughhisideashavebeencriticised,PeterspopularityasaspeakerandwriterhascontinuedtogrowSomuchsothatPetershascreatedhisownbusinesstomarketbooks,videosandconsultancybasedonhisworkPARTTWO  Questions  ·Readthistextfromanarticleabouthealthclubs  ·Choosethebestsentencefromtheoppositepagetofillineachofthegaps  ·Foreachgap,markoneletterAHonyourAnswerSheet  ·Donotuseanylettermorethanonce  ·Thereisanexampleatthebeginning()  Travelstressbringsboomtohealthclubs  ArapidgrowthinbusinesstravelhasprovidedalucrativespinoffforBritishhealthclubsascompaniestrytopreventhardworkingexecutivesfromsufferingtravelrelatedstress  Healthclubsarefullybookedthroughoutthecomingmonthsallaroundthecountryandmanyareplanningtoexpandtheirfacilities  HAccordingtoGillieTurner,groupmarketingmanagerfortheChampneysgroupofhealthclubs,duringthelastrecessionexecutiveslostmanyoftheirextrabenefitsascompaniescutbackShesaysthatlargecompaniesalsoseemtohavedecidedthatitisnogoodsendingsomeonetoacountrylikeSpainasarewardfordoingagoodjob,becausetheywillsimplyeattoomuchandflopontoabeach  Champneys,thecompanyacknowledgedasthemarketleaderinthisfield,isnowplanningtointroduceaspecial"ProfitingfromStress"course,whichwillrunoverthreedaysJonathonStapleton,generalmanagerofChampneys,saysthatmoderncorporatelifebeingwhatitis,mostbusinesstravellersfindthattheyarehavingtodotheworkwhichevenayearagowasdonebytwo  Tomeetthisnewdemand,otherhealthclubsarealsothinkingofintroducingsimilarschemesClareBrandish,thesalesandmarketingdirectorofanotherhealthclub,hasnoticedamarkedchangeintheclienteleatherclub  BusinessesofallkindsareanxioustoreduceabsenteeismMuchoftheproblemiscausedbylongperiodsawayfromhome,irregularhours,businessentertainingandjetlag  AccordingtotheGuildofBusinessTravelAgents,salesofbusinessclassairlineticketshaverisenbyinthepastyear,hotelbookingshavegoneupbyandcarhirehasrisenbyDaveReynolds,theGBTAchiefexecutive,saysthatthetroubleisthatthesamenumberofpeoplearebeingaskedtotravelmoreoftenHecommentsthatitisno  wondertheyneedtotakeabreakinahealthclub  AIthasbeencalculatedthataboutmillionworkingdaysarelosteachyearinBritainbecauseofstress,tentimesasmanyasarelostindustrialdisputes  BThishasinvolvedaconsiderableriseinthenumberofbusinessbookings,whereaspreviouslymostclientscameasprivateindividuals  CNowtheyarebeingrestored,asindustryrealisesthatthehealthofitsexecutivesisvital  DButwhowillbenefitmostfromthesedevelopments  EBecauseofthepressuresthisimposes,manycompanieshavenowdecidedthatitisworthwhilepayingfortheirseniorexecutivestotakeaproperbreakandgetadviceonhowtocombatstress  FExecutivestakingpartinitwillbegivenmassagesandhealthtreatments,workoutsandarangeoftalksonhowtodealwithstress,especiallywhentravelling  GSowhatsthereasonforthisnowtrendPARTTHREE  Questions  ·Readthefollowingarticleonrecruitingandmanagingstaffandthequestionsontheoppositepage  ·Eachquestionhasfoursuggestedanswersorwaysoffinishingthesentence,A,B,CandD  ·MarkoneletterA,B,CorDonyourAnswerSheet,fortheansweryouchoose  Asamanagerintheserviceindustrysector,I'velookedathundredsofCVsinmytimeTheyarenotnecessarilytheblanddocumentssomebossesmightthinktheyare!TheyarefulloflittlepointerstowardsindividualspersonalitiesandsuitabilityforthejobThefirstthingIalwayslookatisanapplicantsemploymentrecordIcheckforcontinuityandstabilityIfsomebodyhasalonglistofpreviousjobs,allofvaryinglength,alarmbellsstartringingRatherthananirregularroutefromjobtojob,whatIhopetoseeisstablecareerprogressionWhatdoestheircareerpathlooklikeisitallstepsforward,oraretherealotofsidewaysmovesAndIamalwayspleasedtofindafamilypersonwithchildren,becauseinmyexperiencetheytendtoberesponsibleandreliable  IneverrelyonCVsaloneWegetapplicantstofillinoneofourownapplicationformsWeaskwhythey'veapplied,whattheiraspirationsandpersonalgoalsare,andalsoabouttheirinterestsandhobbiesandanyclubstheybelongtoThatgivesyouausefulinsightintotheirpersonalityandlifestyleTheapplicationformalsoenablesustotesthowmuchpeoplehaveactuallybeenprogressingintheircareers,becauseweaskfordetailsofthesalariestheyhavereceivedforeachjob  ItsalwaysworthlookingatCVsanddesigningapplicationformswithgreatcareTakingonemployeesmightberewarding,butitisalsoabiginvestmentforanybusinessMistakesinchoosingstaffcancostcompaniesdear,soitmakessensetospendtimeensuringyougettherightperson  Intheservicesector,oneoftheaimsofcompaniesistomaintainandimprovecustomerservice,andthisisachievedpartlythroughlowstaffturnoverYouneedtotakeonpeoplewhounderstandthat,andwillwanttostayThatswhy,whenyou'vetakenstaffon,thenextthingisgettingthebestoutofthem  MymanagementstylecomesfromthedayswhenItookovermyfirstbusiness,anailingroadhaulagefirmwhichIwascertainIcouldturnintoaprofitablecompanyThefirstthingistotreatothersasyoudliketobetreatedyourselfAssoonasItookoverthebusiness,Italkedtoeverybodyindividually,andlookedforwaystomakesuretheirparticularskillsbenefitedthecompany  Ididn'thavemuchexperiencethenofmanagingpeople,butaboveallIalwaystriedtobefairandhonestwitheveryoneAsaresult,Ithinkthestaffknewthatandacceptedmydecisions,eveniftheydidn'tagreewiththemallAlso,bossesmustbeabletocommunicateYoualsoneedtocreateteamspirit,andbuildonthestrengthoftheteamIexplainedmyplansforthecompanytoallthestaff,andletthemallknowwhatIneededfromthemThelorrydriversrespondedbrilliantly,andwerethekeytoturningthebusinessroundTheyunderstoodthatwehadtodevelopaprofessionalreputation,andfromthenonthedaysofpoorqualitydeliverieswereover  Lastly,IamagreatbelieverinprofitsharingIttakesateamtomakeacompanywork,soprofitsshouldbesharedbyallJobsatisfactionisimportant,butitdoesn'tpaytherentSharedprofitandbonuseshelptostrengthenteamspiritbygivingeveryoneacommongoalthattheyworktowardstogetherWhatfactdoesthewriterhopetolearnfromapplicantsCVs  Athattheyhaveexperienceofmanydifferentjobs  Bthattheircareershavedevelopedsteadily  Ctheopiniontheiremployershadofthem  Dwhethertheyaremarriedorsingle  Thewritersaystheapplicationformisusefulbecauseit  Arevealssomethingoftheapplicantscharacter  Bgivesinformationabouttheapplicantsfamily  Cexplainswhatskillstheapplicanthasforthejob  Dshowshowmuchtheapplicantwantstoearn  Accordingtothewriter,whyareCVsandapplicationformssoimportant  AInterviewingpeopleisanexpensiveprocess  BTheyindicatewhetherapplicantsreallywantthejob  CTheyindicatewhetherapplicantsareefficientornot  DEmployingthewrongpeoplecanbedisastrous  Onereasonwhythewriterwassuccessfulinherfirstbusinesswasthat  Ashewasusedtodealingwithpeople  Bshewasopenwiththestaff  Cthebusinesswasalreadydoingwellwhenshestarted  Dthestaffagreedwithallherdecisions  Thewriterbelievesprofitsharingisagoodideabecause  Aitencouragesacompetitivespirit  Beveryoneearnsthesamesalary  Ceveryonesharesthesameaim  Ditcreatesjobsatisfaction  Whichwouldmakethebesttitleforthistext  AProfitsharingasmotivation  BHowIturnedabusinessround  CPeoplethekeytobusinesssuccess  DTheimportanceofawellpresentedCVPARTFOUR  Questions  ·Readthearticlebelowaboutamethodoflearninglanguagesforbusinesspeople  ·Choosethebestwordfromtheoppositepagetofilleachgap  ·ForeachquestionmarkoneletterA,B,CorDonyourAnswerSheet  ·Thereisanexampleatthebeginning()  Languagelearningforthebusyexecutive  Ifyou'veeverbeentoldbyyourbosstoimproveyourknowledgeofaforeignlanguageyou'llknowthat……()……doesn'tcomequicklyItgenerallytakesyearstolearnanotherlanguagewellandconstant……()……tomaintainthehighstandardsrequiredforfrequentbusinessuseWhetheryoustudyinaclass,withaudiocassettes,computersoronyour……()……sooneror……()……everylanguagecoursefinishesandyoumustdecidewhattodonextifyouneedaforeignlanguageforyourcareer  BusinessAudioMagazinesisanewproductdesignedtohelpyoucontinuelanguagestudyinawaythatfitseasilyintoyourbusyscheduleEachaudiocassette……()……ofanhourlongprogrammepackedwithbusinessnews,featuresandinterviewsinthelanguageofyourchoiceThesecassetteswontteachyouhowtoordermealsoraskfordirectionsItis……()……thatyoucandothatalreadyInstead,bygivingyouanopportunitytohearthelanguageasitsreallyspoken,theyhelpyouto……()……yourvocabularyandimproveyourabilitytousereallanguagerelatingto,forexample,thatallimportantmarketingtrip  Thegreatadvantageofusingaudiomagazinesisthatthey……()……youtoperfectyourlanguageskillsinwaysthatsuityourlifestyleForexample,youcanselectatopicandlisteninyourcarorhotelwhenawayonbusinessNootherbusinesscourseisas……()……AndtheuniqueradiomagazineformatisasinstructiveasitisentertainingInadditiontotheaudiocassette,thispackageincludesatranscriptwithabusinessglossaryandastudy……()……Thecomponentsarestructuredsothatintermediateandadvancedstudentsmayusethemseparatelyortogether……()……ontheirability  Example:ABCD  AgainBresultCsuccessDoutcome  AexerciseBperformanceCpracticeDoperation  AselfBindividualCpersonalDown  AafterBthenClaterDquicker  AconsistsBincludesCcontainsDinvolves  AinsistedBacquiredCassertedDassumed  AprolongBextendCspreadDlift  AallowBletCsupportDoffer  AadjustableBflexibleCconvertibleDvariable  AadditionBsupplementCextraDmanuscript  AaccordingBdependingCrelatingDbasing PARTFIVE  Questions  ·Readthearticlebelowaboutmeetings  ·ForeachquestionwriteonewordinCAPITALLETTERSonyourAnswerSheet  Howtomakemoreofmeetings  Youshouldknowwhatendsyouwanttoachieveinameetingbeforeitstartsandprepareforit()……readinganypaperscirculatedbeforehand,andcarefullythinkingabout()……youwanttosayThismaysoundratherboring,butsolidpreparationisthekeytosuccessfulmeetings:Agreat()……oftimeandenergycanbewastedthroughsimplelackofplanning  ThemostimportantissuesarenotalwaysgiventhemosttimeinthegeneralrunningofmeetingsPeopleareoftenunwilling()……discussimportantbudgetarymattersbecausetheydonotfullyunderstandthem,but()……becomesanexpertwhenitcomestodiscussingthecolourofthenewcurtains,orwhattypeofcoffeetobuyThediscussionof()……trivialmattersasthese,therefore,shouldbesaveduntiltheendofthemeeting  Duringthemeetingitisessentialtosticktotheagendaso()……toavoidthecommonproblemofrepetitionAtthesametimeyou()……tobesensitivetootherpeoplesideasandfeelings,andneverloseyourtemperBepreparedtoaccept()……implementasuggestionthatiscontraryto()……ownideasifitisanimprovementonthemsuchhonestyandflexibilityaresignsofgoodleadershipandearnrespect  Finally,rememberthatwhenadecisionismadeitisimportanttoact()……itandtohonourallthecommitmentsyouhavemadeinthemeeting   PARTSIX  Questions  ·Inmostlinesofthefollowingtext,thereisoneunnecessarywordItiseithergrammaticallyincorrectordoesnotfitinwiththesenseofthetext  ·Foreachnumberedline,findtheunnecessarywordandthenwritethewordinCAPITALLETTERSonyourAnswerSheetSomelinesarecorrectIfalineiscorrect,writeCORRECTonyourAnswerSheetTheexercisebeginswithtwoexamples()and()  Customercare  Apartfromensuringthatanefficientelectricitysupplyforour  customers,NatElectricprovidesaninvaluableserviceinotherareas  aswellWhileourCustomerHelpline(chargedatlocalrates)isthe  firstpointofcontactwithwhenyouwanttomakeanenquiryand  wereceiveahugenumberofcallsfromcustomerson  average,therearecallsaoneweekAvailablehours  aday,sevendaysaweek,daysayear,ourHelplineonadvisors  aimattoanswerpercentofallcallswithinsecondsThere  aremorethanadvisors,workinginaroundtheclockto  provideforthisservice,backedbyafurthersupportstaff  whodohandleanynecessarypaperworkAlthoughourtarget  istoreplytoletterswithinworkingdays,NatElectricregularlyrespondswithin  threetofourdays,andweareespeciallyproudofthestandardsachievedbyour  customerrelationsteam

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