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首页 【德勒兹研究】空间、几何与美学:经由康德走向德勒兹

【德勒兹研究】空间、几何与美学:经由康德走向德勒兹.pdf

【德勒兹研究】空间、几何与美学:经由康德走向德勒兹

九月虺
2009-07-07 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《【德勒兹研究】空间、几何与美学:经由康德走向德勒兹pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

Space,GeometryandAestheticsThroughKantandTowardsDeleuzePegRawesSpace,GeometryandAestheticsprexviiiinddiprexviiiinddi::PM::PMRenewingPhilosophyGeneralEditor:GaryBanhamTitlesinclude:PegRawesSPACE,GEOMETRYANDAESTHETICS:ThroughKantandTowardsDeleuzeSimonO’SullivanARTENCOUNTERSDELEUZEANDGUATTARI:ThoughtBeyondRepresentationJeanPaulMartinonONFUTURITY:Malabou,NancyDerridaVasilikiTsakiriKIERKEGAARD:Anxiety,RepetitionandContemporaneityAlbertoToscanoPHILOSOPHYANDINDIVIDUATIONBETWEENKANTANDDELEUZE:TheTheatreofProductionPhilipWalshSKEPTICISM,MODERNITYANDCRITICALTHEORYCelineSurprenantFREUD’SMASSPSYCHOLOGYKeekokLeePHILOSOPHYANDREVOLUTIONSINGENETICS:DeepScienceandDeepTechnologyKyriakiGoudeliCHALLENGESTOGERMANIDEALISM:Schelling,FichteandKantMartinWeatherstonHEIDEGGER’SINTERPRETATIONOFKANT:Categories,ImaginationandTemporalityJillMarsdenAFTERNIETZSCHEprexviiiinddiiprexviiiinddii::PM::PMSpace,GeometryandAestheticsThroughKantandTowardsDeleuzePegRawesUniversityCollegeLondonprexviiiinddiiiprexviiiinddiii::PM::PM©PegRawesAllrightsreservedNoreproduction,copyortransmissionofthispublicationmaybemadewithoutwrittenpermissionNoparagraphofthispublicationmaybereproduced,copiedortransmittedsavewithwrittenpermissionorinaccordancewiththeprovisionsoftheCopyright,DesignsandPatentsAct,orunderthetermsofanylicencepermittinglimitedcopyingissuedbytheCopyrightLicensingAgency,TottenhamCourtRoad,LondonWTLPAnypersonwhodoesanyunauthorisedactinrelationtothispublicationmaybeliabletocriminalprosecutionandcivilclaimsfordamagesTheauthorhasassertedherrighttobeidentifiedastheauthorofthisworkinaccordancewiththeCopyright,DesignsandPatentsActFirstpublishedinbyPALGRAVEMACMILLANHoundmills,Basingstoke,HampshireRGXSandFifthAvenue,NewYork,NYCompaniesandrepresentativesthroughouttheworldPALGRAVEMACMILLANistheglobalacademicimprintofthePalgraveMacmillandivisionofStMartin’sPress,LLCandofPalgraveMacmillanLtdMacmillan®isaregisteredtrademarkintheUnitedStates,UnitedKingdomandothercountriesPalgraveisaregisteredtrademarkintheEuropeanUnionandothercountriesISBN:––––hardbackISBN:–––hardbackThisbookisprintedonpapersuitableforrecyclingandmadefromfullymanagedandsustainedforestsourcesLogging,pulpingandmanufacturingprocessesareexpectedtoconformtotheenvironmentalregulationsofthecountryoforiginAcataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataRawes,PegSpace,geometry,andaestheticsthroughKantandtowardsDeleuzePegRawespcm(Renewingphilosophy)IncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexISBN–––(alkpaper)SpaceGeometry–FoundationsGeometry–PhilosophyAestheticsKant,Immanuel,–Deleuze,Gilles,–ITitleBDRdcPrintedandboundinGreatBritainbyCPIAntonyRowe,ChippenhamandEastbourneprexviiiinddivprexviiiinddiv::PM::PMForClareandJamesprexviiiinddvprexviiiinddv::PM::PMThispageintentionallyleftblankviiContentsAcknowledgementsixSeriesEditor’sPrefacexPrefacexiiiIntroductionSpaceGeometryAestheticgeometricfiguresubjectsDrawingFiguresPartI:EmbodiedFiguresFormsofpureintuitionSyntheticandanalyticrelationsSpaceandtimeExternalandinternaldifferentiationsofspacePartII:DrawingFiguresActsofconstructionReflectivejudgmentTheimaginationDrawingalineSummaryFoldingUnfoldingDiscursivegeometrySoulImaginationLimitandunlimitImagination,limitandunlimitDiscursivityoftheelementsFigureSummaryPassagesGeometricmethodsafterDescartesGeometricmethodintheEthicsprexviiiinddviiprexviiiinddvii::PM::PMviiiContentsSubstancePassageI:attributes,modes,affectsandcommonnotionsPassageII:readingthetextPassageIII:modesofgeometricthinkingSummaryPlenumsThetransitionfromsynthetictoanalyticgeometryCorporealmagnitudeIncorporealmagnitudeSufficientreasonTheplenumSummaryEnvelopesLimitandunlimitExtensityBodyimageandperceptionMemoryTheenvelopeSpaceandtimeIntuitionEnvelopeI:intuitionasdurationEnvelopeII:intuitivephilosophyEnvelopeIII:naturalgeometryandintuitiveconstructionSummaryHorizonsGeometricreasonand‘Teleologicalhistoricalreflection’GeometricsenseideasandsenseintuitionsExplicationRetrievingsenseintuitionfromDescartesandKantGeometricselfevidenceHorizonsHorizonI:intersubjectivityHorizonII:wehorizonsandfuturehorizonsSummaryNotesBibliographyIndexprexviiiinddviiiprexviiiinddviii::PM::PMixAcknowledgementsNumerouspeoplehavehelpedmeatvarioustimesinwritingthisbookIowespecialthankstoHowardCaygill’ssupportiveadvice,andGaryBanham’sencouragementoftheprojecthasbeeninvaluableFionaCandlin,UrielOrlow,JoanneMorraandJaneRendellhavegenerouslygivenfeedbackondraftsatvariousstagesoftheprojectThanksalsotoLauraAllenandMarkSmoutforpermissiontousetheirdrawingonthefrontcover,andcolleaguesatTheBartlettSchoolofArchitecture,UCL,havesupportedmewithfinancialassistancefromtheArchitecturalResearchFundFinally,Iwouldliketothankmyfamily,Tomandmyparents,JamesandClare,especially,fortheirconstantsupportprexviiiinddixprexviiiinddix::PM::PMxSeriesEditor’sPrefacePublicationinaseriesofbooksthatbearsthetitleofRenewingPhilosophymarksaworkashavingakindofclaimthatmaystrikesomeashubristicThenotionofaserieshavingsuchatitleiscertainlyindicativeofaclaimthatphilosophybothneedsandiscapableofrenewalThesuggestionthatphilosophyneedssuchrenewalisonethatIwillexaminefirstinordertoshowhowtheworkherebeingprefacedaddressesthisIfphilosophyneedsrenewalthissuggeststhattherearesomemattersthatphilosophyhastraditionallynotaddressedsufficientlyInthisworkthesuggestionwouldhavetodowiththestatusofgeometryandphilosophy’sengagementinitBothancientandmodernformsofphilosophyhavegivengeometrysomeattentionasthisworkmakesclearWeneedonlythink,astheauthorwearehereintroducingdirectsusto,oftheexampleofgeometryinPlato’sMenotoseehowgeometryheldasignificantplaceintheschemeofknowledgeunderstoodassignificantintheancientworldSimilarly,thestatusofgeometryinmodernphilosophyisclearsimplybyfollowingthetrailestablishedbysuchfoundersasDescartesIf,however,therecourseofphilosophytogeometryasabodyofknowledgethatissomehowexemplaryisclearenoughasageneralpointthequestionemergesastowhatitisthatrequiresthiscontinuedrecoursetogeometryandinwhatsensetherecurrenceofthequestionconcerninggeometrymightindicateadisquietIfgeometryseemstorecurassomethingtowhichphilosophypointswhatmightbethereasonforthisrecurrenceandistherecurrenceofgeometryreallyarepetitionofaquestionconcerningasolidandwelldefinedsinglebodyofknowledgeOrdoesthereferencetogeometryindifferentphilosopherspointtodifferentobjectsThemomentthesequestionsareposedwebegintonotethattherelationshipbetweenphilosophyandgeometryisnotasevidentasitfirstappearedThiswork,theworkbyPegRawes,thatIampresentingtothereader,wouldthenbeonethatwouldfirstpointtosomethingrecognisable(herephilosophy,theregeometry)inordertomakeclearthatwhatappearsbeforeusisinfactnotas‘familiar’asitinitiallyseemedIndefamiliarisingtherelationphilosophyhastogeometryRawescontinuesapeculiar‘tradition’:thehandingdownofaphilosophicalproblemaboutthenatureofphilosophyitselfJustasthetwinreferencesofPlatoprexviiiinddxprexviiiinddx::PM::PMSeriesEditor’sPrefacexiandDescartesmadeearlierindicatedtheprevalenceofaquestionaboutgeometryforphilosophysoalsotheirnamesareequallysignificantofaselfdeclareddifficultywiththenatureofphilosophicalinquiryPlato’sdialoguesenactacontinuedquestioningoftheveryinquirythattheyundertakewhilstDescartesisoftensaidto‘inaugurate’themodernphilosophypreciselybyenquiringastowhatitisthatwecandoubtThisselfquestioninginquiryiscertainlypeculiarbuttheinvestmentofphilosophyinitsownquestioningwouldseemessentialtomarkingitofffromotherformsofinvestigationthatmuchmorereadilyassumetheirproblems,prospectsandsolutionsTherefore,ifRawesindicatessomeproblemwithphilosophicalinvestigationsofgeometrythenitwouldappearthatnothingcouldbemoreofaphilosophicalactthansuchindicationofaproblemwithphilosophicalinquiryThenatureoftheproblemposedherecanbeseenintwowaysFirst,thereisthesuggestionthatthereisa‘hidden’historyoradoublingofphilosophy’sengagementwithgeometrysuchthatgeometrywouldseeminsomesensetobeinvestigatingphilosophyasmuchasviceversaSecond,thereisproducedhereforusatypeofhistoricalinvestigationthatdoesnotmatchusuallinearassumptionsconcerninghistoryBeginningwithKantwepass‘back’toProclusbeforemoving‘forwards’toSpinozaWhywouldthiskindofmovementbefollowedasopposedtotheconventionofbeginningwithPlatoorProclusbeforemovingontoSpinozaandLeibnizandplacingKantnicelyafteralltheprecedingDoesnotthealterationofthenarrativeformplaceinquestionthesuggestionthatwecanbesurewhichphilosopherprogressesoverothersThelaterphilosophersaredoubtlessalwaysawareofhowmuchtheyareintheshadowoftheearlier,ofhoweasyitissimplytorepeatthem,torecastinonlyslightlyvariedwayswhathasalreadybeenButifthisproblemofinfluencehasalwaysbeenattestedtoinphilosophythenthequestionofhowphilosophicalprogressistobemeasuredsurelyrequiressomeattentiontonarrationTheattentionprovidedinthesimplewayofpresentinghereamethodologicalrefusaltoassumetheplaceinhistoryofthethinkersexaminedwouldappeartostillbeunsettled,however,bythemannerofconclusionwiththatexemplaryteleologicalthinker,HusserlIf,however,eventhiswouldbeopentoquestionmightitnotbebecauseHusserlafterallstatesagainandagainthattherightmethodinphilosophyistheadoptionofa‘zigzag’path,goingbackwardsinordertogoforwardsbutthateachstepfurtherinaninquiryconstantlyrequiresthereturntostartingpointsinordertointerrogatethemagainThismethodofHusserl’swould,ifappliedtothisbook,requirearevisitingprexviiiinddxiprexviiiinddxi::PM::PMxiiSeriesEditor’sPrefaceoftheearlierthinkersinitsnarrationinthelightofthelateronesindicatingareasonforresistingthesensethatwehave,withtheconcludingfigure,reachedtheendpointofourinquiryThiswork’sengagementwithgeometryfreestheunderstandingofthephilosophicalconcernwithitfromasubordinationtothesciencesthatineachofthecasesexaminedwouldbefalseTheindicationofadifferentsensetothisengagement,onethatowesitsinterestrathertoareinventionofaestheticregistersiswhatindicatesinthisinquirytheemergenceofsomethingnewJustastheaboveobservationindicatedtheneedforarenewalsothestagingofthiswork’sinvestigationindicatesalsothecapacityforsuchrenewaltotakeplaceThroughtheprismofareengagementwiththephilosophicalconcernwithgeometryadifferentsenseofspaceassomethingthatrequiresasetofaestheticresponsesisreleasedandthisreleasemarksthisworkasperforminga‘renewal’,arenewal,aboveall,ofphilosophyGARYBANHAMprexviiiinddxiiprexviiiinddxii::PM::PMxiiiPrefaceEmbodiedsubjectsThisinquiryreflectsmyinterestinmultiplemodesofconstructingspatiotemporalexistencesandgeometricfigurationsoflifeBroadly,theresearchhasacriticalandconstructivepurpose:thatis,toexplorehowontologicalrelationshipsbetweenspace,geometryandaestheticscanbeproductiveandmeaningfulexpressionsofmodernsubjectivityAlso,althoughitisnottheaimofthisbooktoexaminetheserelationsinspecificcrossdisciplinarycontexts,thediscussionhasabearingforcrossdisciplinaryspatial,geometricandaestheticresearchinanumberofwaysforexample,itissituatedwiththeviewthataestheticexaminationsoftherelationshipbetweengeometry,spaceandsubjectivitymayenablethedevelopmentofarchitecturalmodelsofspatiotemporalrelations,andcontributetowardsrethinkingthenotionof‘figuration’inmodernistartpracticesMyinterestingeometricsubjectsandgeometricfiguresisalsoundertakeninlightoffeministphilosophy’sexaminationofsubjectivityWhileIwouldcertainlynotsuggestthatthegeometricsubjectivitiesexploredhereareexplicitlysexedsubjects,myfocusonspatiotemporalformsofmaterialandimmaterialembodiment,andaesthetics,isdevelopedwiththeviewthatthesediscussionsarealsoatstakeforthinkingaboutsexedsubjectivitiesinparticular,becauseoftheneedtoexaminehowthetriadicrelationshipbetweenthesensingsubject,aestheticsandspaceisactualisedasrealityfortheindividual,andhowshehemightexpressitYet,formanyfeministtheorists,theabstractdisembodiedscientificbasisofspaceandgeometryhasrenderedtheminherentlyproblematicfordevelopingtheoriesofmaterialandsexedexperienceContemporaryontologicalandfeministphilosophershaveobserved,forexample,thattheperceivingsubjectisnotgrantedaccesstothesetranscendentalgeometricspatialideasandbodiesForsomecritics(particularlythosewhoreadBergsonthroughDeleuze’sinterpretations),theseissueshaveledtotheviewthatspatialisedthinkingandexperienceisbetterreplacedbyprivilegingtimeInaddition,theorieswhichclaimthattemporalontologies‘solve’theissueofformalrepresentationoftenrelyuponacceptingthatanexclusiveoppositionbetweenspace(ie,disembodiedscientificknowledge)andtime(ie,embodiedprexviiiinddxiiiprexviiiinddxiii::PM::PMxivPrefaceaestheticprocess)isinevitableWhendirectedtowardsthevisualarts,suchasarchitecturaldesignandspatialpractices,thesediscussionsthereforefrequentlyignorehowtheindividualoperatesincontemporarypracticesforexample,byconstructingmaterialandspatialexperiencesthroughscientificandaestheticsensebasedgeometricintuitionHowever,thinkerssuchas,ChristineBattersby,JudithButler,ClaireColebrook,EdwardCasey,MoiraGatens,ElizabethGrosz,KathleenLennon,GenevieveLloydandJohnRajchman,havealsoshownthat‘local’,‘particular’and‘embodied’configurationsofspatiotemporalandmaterialrelationsexistthatenablethefreelyactingandsensingsubjecttoexistSoitisinthisspiritthatIinvitethereadertoexploreproductivehistoricalexamplesofembodiedspatiotemporalrelationsthroughwhichnewexaminationsofaestheticgeometricsexedsubjectsmaybedevelopedInparticular,bylocatinggeometricandspatialthinkingwithinKant’saestheticCriticalphilosophy,Isuggestthatscientificknowledgeandaestheticexperiencearebroughttogetherintheunityof‘geometricfiguresubjects’,ratherthanunderlawsofdeterministicscientificprogressEachofthegeometricmethodsandfiguresexaminedherethereforebringsgeometricinventionsintoanaestheticproject,notmerelyasstudiesofscientificprogress:forexample,thisdiscussionsuggeststhatProclus’NeoplatoniccommentaryreconfiguresEuclid’sclassicalmathematicsSpinoza’sandLeibniz’spostCartesiantextsreconfigurethesixteenthcenturyanalyticalgeometryofDescartesandBergson’sandHusserl’stextsreconfigureRiemann’snineteenthcenturytheoryoftopologicalmanifoldsGeometricthinkingmaythereforebecomposedofdynamicembodiments,reconfiguringtherelationshipbetweenaesthetics,spaceandthesensingsubjectAsaresult,new‘figuresubjects’areopenedupthroughwhichgeometrymayalsoenablecrossdisciplinaryexaminationsespeciallyforontologicalresearchinphilosophy,architecturaldesign,arthistoryandspatialpracticesinthevisualartsTowardsDeleuzeThisprojectisalsoinformedbyDeleuze’scritiquesofgeometry,spaceandaesthetics,andbyhisexaminationsof‘minor’ontologiesinWesternphilosophyevident,forexample,inhisanalysisofthefoldinProclus’andLeibniz’sthoughtinTheFold,LeibnizandtheBaroque(),orinhisexaminationofSpinoza’stranscendentalempiricism,inSpinoza:PracticalPhilosophy(),andinExpressionisminprexviiiinddxivprexviiiinddxiv::PM::PMPrefacexvPhilosophy:Spinoza()Inaddition,Bergsonism(),DifferenceandRepetition()andTheLogicofSense()alsodemonstrateDeleuze’sreconfigurationofontologicalphilosophybypromotingminortraditionsofabstracttranscendentalthoughtInlightofDeleuze’sphilosophy,thisisthereforeanexaminationofa‘minor’traditionofgeometricthinkingButmyexaminationofspatialsensesofgeometryinProclus,Spinoza,Leibniz,Kant,BergsonandHusserlisalsodifferentiatedfromDeleuze’sreadingsofspatiotemporalproblemsinthesephilosophersforanumberofreasons:First,Ianalysetheconceptsofspace,geometryandaesthetics,ratherthanfollowingDeleuzeandGuattariintheircritiquesoftheseproblemsthroughconceptssuchas,‘smoothspace’,‘percepts’or‘multiplicities’Second,Iexaminehowtheontologicalconceptsofspace,geometryandaestheticsalreadyundergosignificantreconfigurationineachofthephilosophical

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【德勒兹研究】空间、几何与美学:经由康德走向德勒兹

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