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首页 2008年12月六级真题试题

2008年12月六级真题试题.doc

2008年12月六级真题试题

UC708
2009-06-07 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2008年12月六级真题试题doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

年月六级真题试题HowtoImproveStudents’MentalHealth大学生心理健康很重要为此学校可以••••••  我们自己应该••••••  Inmodernsociety,peoplearedestinedtocopewithalotofpressure,fromeitherouterworldorinnerwillThecasesofsuicideincampusinrecentyearsfullyrevealtheimportanceofmentalhealth  Asaconsequence,itisimperativeforthecollegesanduniversitiestotakeeffectiveactionsInthefirstplace,theauthoritiesconcernedshouldenhancetheawarenessofcollegestudentsthatmentalfitnessisofutmostsignificancetothemItistruethatphysicalfactorsaffectone’shealthconditionsagreatdeal,butatthesametime,weshouldnotneglectthementalfactorsInthesecondplace,theuniversitiesshouldfrequentlyenlightenthejuveniletokeepoptimisticintheirdailylife  Hence,itisvitalforustokeepmentalhealthunderwhatsoevercircumstancesAllofushaveexperiencedfailuresHowever,somewithselfconfidencemaydrawlessonsfromfailureandachievesuccess,whileothersaredesperatelyfrustratedWhenmostpeopleareawareofthesignificanceofphysicalhealth,wemustalsoremindthemofthevalueofmentalhealth快速阅读  CNewexplanationsfortheobesityepidemic  Againedtheleastweight  Bitcausessleeploss  DItcontributestoourweightgain  CItsuppressestheirappetite  DThosewhoquitsmoking  Btherisingproportionofminoritiesinitspopulation  unclear  familysize  partlygenetic短对话    M:IamaskedtopickuptheguestspeakerBobRussellattheairportthisafternoonDoyouknowwhathelookslike  W:Well,heisinhisthHestandsoutHeisbald,tallandthin,andhehasabeard  Q:Whatcanweconcludefromthewoman'sremarkaboutBobRussell    M:IamconsideringdroppingmydancingclassIamnotmakinganyprogress  W:IfIwereyou,IstickwithitIt'sdefinitelyworthtimeandeffort  Q:Whatdoesthemansuggestthewomando    M:Yousee,Istillhavethispaininmyback,thismedicinethedoctorgavemewassupposedtomakemefeelbetterbynow  W:Maybeyoushouldtaketimesadayasyouweretold  Q:Whatdowelearnfromtheconversation    M:Frankly,whenIsatthebackoftheclassroom,Ican'tseethewordsontheboardclearly  W:Well,you'vebeenwearingthosesameglassesaslongasI'veknownyouWhynotgetanewpairItwouldn'tcostyoutoomuch  Q:Whatdoesthewomanimplyabouttheman'sglasses    M:HowcomethefloorissowetIalmostslippedWhathappened  W:Oh,sorryThephonerangthemomentIgotintotheshowerAnyway,I'llwipeitrightnow  Q:Whywasthefloorwetaccordingtotheman    M:TheinstructionsonthepackagesaidyouneedtodosomeassemblyyourselfIspentallafternoontryinginvaintoputthisbookcasetogether  W:IknowwhatyoumeanLasttimeItriedtoassembleatoytrainformysonandIalmostgaveup  Q:Whatdoesthemanfinddifficult    M:IamgettingworriedaboutJeanie'sschoolworkAllshetalksaboutthesedaysisvolleyballgamesAndallshedoesispracticetrainingandthingslikethat  W:HergradesonthecomingexamswillfallforsureIt'shightimewetalkedsomesenseintoher  Q:Whatarethespeakerprobablygoingtodo    M:Doyouunderstandwhythelocalpeopleareopposedtothenewdamuptheriver  W:TheyareworriedaboutthepotentialdangerswhenthedamshouldbreakTheriverisverywideabovetheproposedsite  Q:Whatdowelearnfromtheconversation长对话  Longerconversations  W:MrWhite,Whatchangeshaveyouseeninthechampagnemarketinthelasttentofifteenyears  M:well,thebiggestchangehasbeenthedecreaseinsalessincethegreatboomyearsinswhenchampagneproductionandsalesreachedrecordlevels  W:Whichwasthebestyear  M:Well,therecordwasinwhenmillionbottlesofchampagnewassoldThehighestproductionlevelwasreachedinwithatotalofmillionbottlesOfcoursesincethoseboomyears,saleshavefallen  W:Hasthemarkerbeenbadlyhitbytherecession  M:Oh,certainlyTheeconomicproblemsinchampagne'sexportmarketsthat'sEurope,theUnitedStates,Japan,andofcourse,thedomesticmarketinFranceTheeconomicproblemshavecertainlybeenonereasonforthedecreaseinchampagnesales  W:Andtheotherreasons  M:AnotherimportantfactorhasbeenpriceIntheearlys,champagnewasveryoverpriced,somanypeoplestoppedbuyingitInstead,theyboughtsparklingwinesfromothercountries,inparticular,fromAustralia,andSpainAndthen,therewasanotherproblemforchampagneinearlys  W:Whatwasthat  M:TherewasalotofratherbadchampagneonthemarketThismeantthepopularityofgoodsparklingwinesincreasedevenmorePeopleweresurprisedbytheirquality,andofcoursetheywerealotcheaperthanchampagne  W:Doyouthinkthechampagnemarketwillrecoverinthefuture  M:Oh,IamsureitwillWhentheeconomicsituationimproves,Ibelievethemarketwillrecover  Q:Whatdoesthemansayaboutchampagneins  Q:Whysparklingwinemorepopularthanchampagneinearlys  Q:Whatdosethemanthinkofthechampagnemarketinthefuture  W:Right,well,inthestudiothismorning,forourinterviewspotisPeterWilsonPeterworksforGreenPeaceSo,Peter,welcome  M:ThanksalotIt'sgoodtobehere  W:Great!Now,Peter,perhapsyoucantellussomethingaboutGreenPeaceandyourjobthere  M:SureWell,I'llstartbytellingyouroughlywhatGreenPeaceisallaboutIactuallyworkinLondonfortheGreenPeaceorganizationWe'vebeengoingforafewdecadesandwe'reanonviolent,nonpoliticalorganizationWe'reinvolvedinantinuclearactivity,conservationandprotectionofanimalsandprotectionandsupportofourecosystemI'mtheactionorganizerandarrangeanyprotests  W:Right!Aprettyimportantrole,PeterWhatsortofprotestwouldyouorganize  M:Well,recentlywe'vebeeninvolvedinantinuclearcampaignsI,personallyarrangedforthedemonstrationagainstradioactivewastedumpingintheAtlanticOceanWe'vegotafewsmallGreenPeaceboatsthatweharassthedumpingshipwith  W:SayHoldon,PeterIthoughtyousaidyourorganizationwasnonviolentWhatdoyoumeanby"harass"  M:Well,wecircleroundandroundtheshipsandgetinthewaywhentheytrytodumpthedrumsofnuclearwasteintheseaWetalktothemenandtrytochange,youknow,yellatthemtostopWegenerallymakeourselvesasmuchofanuisanceaspossible  M:Well,peoplemaythinkdifferentlyofyourmethods,butthere'snodoubtyou'redoingagreatjobKeepitupandgoodluckAndthanksfortalkingwithus  W:Thanksforhavingme  Questionstoarebasedontheconversationyouhavejustheard  Whatistheman'schiefresponsibilityintheGreenPeaceorganization  WhathasGreenPeacebeeninvolvedinrecently  HowdoesGreenPeacetrytostoppeoplefromdumpingnuclearwaste  Whatisthewoman'sattitudetowardstheGreenPeace'scampaigns短文  PassageOne:  Tofindoutwhattheweatherisgoingtobe,mostpeoplegostraighttotheradio,television,ornewspaper,togetanexpertweatherforecastButifyouknowwhattolookfor,youcanuseyourownsensestomakeweatherpredictionsThere'remanysciencethatcanhelpyouForexample,infairweather,theairpressureisgenerallyhigh,theairisstill,andoftenfullofdustAndfarawayobjectsmaylookvagueButwhenastormisblowing,thepressuredrops,andyouareoftenabletoseethingsmoreclearlySailorstooknoteofthislongago,andcameupwithasaying:"Thefartherthesight,thenearertherain"YoursenseofsmellcanalsohelpyoudetectweatherchangesJustbeforeitrains,odorsbecomestrongerThisisbecauseodorsarerepressedinafairhighpressurecenterWhenabadweatherlowmovesin,airpressurelessens,andodorsarereleasedYoucanalsohearanapproachingstormSoundsbounceoffheavystormcloudsandreturntoearthwithincreasedforceAnoldsayingdescribestothisway:"Soundtravelingfarandwide,astormydaywillbetied"Anddon'tlaughatyourgrandmotherifshesaysshecanfeelastormcomingItiscommonlyknownthatmanypeoplefeelpainsintheirbonesorjointswhenhumidityrisesThepressuredrops,andbadweatherisontheway  Whydoesthespeakersaywecanseefarawayobjectsmoreclearlyasastormisapproaching  Whatdoesthespeakerwanttoshowbyquotingacoupleofoldsayings  Whatdoesthepassagemainlytalkabout  PassageTwo:  ManydaysseemtobringnumeroustasksandresponsibilitiesAllofwhichapparentlymustbetackledrightawayYouspendadayputtingoutfiles,butbytheendoftheday,youhaven'taccomplishedanyofthereallyimportantthingsyousetouttodoIndesperation,youdrafta"todo"list,butmostdays,youcanmakelittleprogresswithitWhenyoulookatthelisteachmorning,abigfatcloudofdoomisrightatthetopThosedifficult,complex,importanttasks,thataresocrucialtogetdone,andsoeasytoavoidPlentyofuscreatea"todo"listtoaddressfeelingsofbeingoverwhelmed,butwerarelyusethesetoolstotheirbesteffectTheywindoutbeingguiltprovokingremindersofthefactthatwillovercommittedandlosingcontrolofourprioritiesAccordingtoTP,aprofessorofpsychologyatCarltonUniversityinOttawa,peopleoftendrawupa"todo"list,andthenthat'sitThelistitselfbecomestheday'sachievement,allowingustofeelwe'vedonesomethingusefulwithouttakingonanyrealworkInfact,drawingupthelistbecomesawayofavoidingtheworkitselfToooften,thelistisseenastheaccomplishmentfortheday,reducingtheimmediateguiltofnotworkingonthetasksathandbyinvestingenergyinthelist,saysPWhenalistisusedlikethis,it'ssimplyanotherwayinwhichwelietoourselves  Whatistheproblemthattroublesmanypeoplenowadaysaccordingtothespeaker  Accordingtothespeaker,whattoomanypeopledotocopewiththeirdailytasks  AccordingtopsychologistTP,whatdopeoplefindbytheendoftheday  Passage  Inmanystressfulsituations,thebody'sresponsescanimproveourperformanceWebecomemoreenergetic,morealert,betterabletotakeeffectiveactionButwhenstressisencounteredcontinually,thebody'sreactionsaremorelikelytobeharmfulthanhelpfultousThecontinualspeedingupofbodilyreactionsandproductionofstressrelatedhormonesseemtomakepeoplemoresusceptibletoheartdiseaseAndstressreactionscanreducethediseasefightingeffectivenessofthebody'simmunesystem,therebyincreasingsusceptibilitytoillnessesrangingfromcoldstocancerStressmayalsocontributetodiseaseinlessdirectwaysbyinfluencingmoodsandbehaviorPeopleunderstressmaybecomeanxiousordepressed,andasaresultmayeattoomuchortoolittle,havesleepdifficultiesorfailtoexerciseThesebehavioralchangesmayinturnbeharmfultothehealthInaddition,peoplearemorelikelytopayattentiontocertainbodilysensationssuchasachesandpainswhentheyareunderstressandtothinkthatthey'resickIfthepersonwerenotunderstress,thesamebodilysensationsmightnotbeperceivedassymptomsandthepersonmightcontinuetofeelwellSomeresearchershavesuggestedthatassumingtheroleofasickpersonisonewayinwhichcertainpeopletrytocopewithstressInsteadofdealingwiththestressfulsituationdirectly,thesepeoplefallsickAfterall,itisoftenmoreacceptablyinoursocietytobesickandtoseekmedicalhelpthanitistoadmitthatonecannotcopewiththestressesoflife  Whatdoesthespeakersayaboutpeoplewhoencounterstressonceinawhile  Whatdoesthespeakersayfrequentstressreactionsmayleadto  Whatarepeoplemorelikelytodowhentheyareunderstress  Whatdoesthepassagemainlytalkabout复合式听写  Oneofthemostcommonimagesofanadvanced,Westernstylecultureisthatofabusy,trafficfilledcitySincetheirfirst()appearanceonAmericanroadways,automobileshavebecomea()symbolofprogress,asourceofthousandsofjobsandanalmostinalienablerightforcitizens’personalfreedomofmovementInrecent()decades,our“loveaffair”withthecarisbeing()exporteddirectlytothedevelopingworld,anditisincreasingly()apparentthatthistransferisleadingtodisasterAmerican’salmostcompletedependenceonautomobileshasbeenaterriblemistakeAslateasthes,alarge()percentageoftheAmericanpublicusedmasstransitA()combinationofpublicpolicydecisionsandcorporateschemingsawtoitthatcountless()convenientandefficienturbanstreetcarandintracityrailsystemsweredismantled()OurairqualitynowsuffersfromtheeffectsofpollutantsemitteddirectlyfromourcarsOurliveshavebeenplannedalongaroadgridhomesfarfromwork,shoppingfarfromeverything,withuglystretchesofconcreteandblacktopinbetweenDevelopingcountriesarecopyingWesternstyletransportationsystemsdowntothelastdetail()TheproblemscausedbymotorizedvehiclesintheWestareoftenmagnifiedindevelopingnationsPollutioncontrolmeasuresareeithernotstrictornonexistent,leadingtochokingcloudsofsmogGasolinestillcontainslead,whichisextremelypoisonoustohumans()MovementinsomecitiescomestoavirtualstandstillasmotorizedtrafficcompeteswithbicyclesandpedestriansInadditiontopollutionandtrafficjams,autosafetyisacriticalissueindevelopingnations听力答案  A)Heisquiteeasytorecognize  C)Continueherdancingclass  D)Thewomanmaynothavefollowedthedoctor’sinstructions  C)Theynolongersuithiseyesight  D)Herushedoutofthebathtoanswerthephone  D)Assemblingthebookcase  A)UrgeJennytospendmoretimeonstudy  C)Thelocalpeoplefeelinsecureaboutthedam  B)Itsproductionandsalesreachedrecordlevels  A)Theycostless  C)Itisboundtorevive  A)Organisingprotests  C)Antinuclearcampaigns  A)Byharassingthem  D)Supportive  B)Theairpressureislow  C)Peopleknewlongagohowtopredicttheweather  B)Peoplecanpredicttheweatherbytheirsenses  D)Theyfeelburdenedwithnumeroustaskseveryday  B)Drawadetailedtodolist  A)Theyhaveaccomplishedlittle  A)Theirperformancemayimprove  B)Increasedsusceptibilitytodisease  D)Paymoreattentiontobodilysensations  C)Therelationshipbetweenstressandillness  appearance  symbol  decades  exported  apparent  percentage  combination  convenient  Ourairqualitynowsuffersfromtheeffectsofpollutantsemitteddirectlyfromourcars TheproblemscausedbymotorizedvehiclesintheWestareoftenmagnifiedindevelopingnations  Movementinsomecitiescomestoavirtualstandstillasmotorizedtrafficcompeteswithbicyclesandpedestrians简短回答问题  lighterandmoreabsorbent  thepotentialintheUS  establishedathleticfootwearindustry  informally  Theteamspiritandsharedvaluesoftheathletes仔细阅读  BByitssustainability  Dthedecreaseofbrodiversity  CTheyarenotnecessarilysustainable  AItwillgothroughradicalchanges  DTourgepeopletorethinkwhatsustainableagricultureis  ATheywereofinferiorraces  BTheycandojustaswellastheirpredecessors  DTheymayforeverremainpoorandunderachieving  CPreventthemfrombeingmarginalized  BhowtohelpimmigrantstobetterfitintoAmericansocietyCresults  Aservices  Dfrom  Cdue  Bowners  Dgrants  Cunique  Bpermission  Aexcept  Coriginal  Ddistribute  Blength  Aplus  Cdistinguish  Bbut  Aidentical  Cpopularity  DUpon  BrenewedAlong Hedesignedthefirstsuspensionbridge,whichcombinedbeautyandfunctionperfectly(把完美与功能完美地结合起来)  Itwasverydark,butMaryseemedtoknowwhichwaytotakebyinstinct(本能地知道该走哪条路)  Idon'tthinkitadvisablethatparentsdeprivetheirchildrenoffreedom(剥夺孩子们的自由)tospendtheirsparetimeastheywish  Olderadultswhohaveahighlevelofdailyactivitieshavemoreenergyandalowerdeathratecomparedwiththosewhodon't(与不那么活跃的人相比死亡率要低)Yourresumeshouldattractawouldbeboss'sattentionbydemonstratingwhyyouarethebestcandidateforacertainposition(为什么你是某个职位的最佳人选)PartIIReadingComprehension(Skimmingandscanning)(minutes)SupersizesurpriseAskanyonewhythereisanobesityepidemicandtheywilltellyouthatit’saldowntoeatingtoomuchandburningtoofewcaloriesThatexplanationappealstocommonsenseandhasdominatedeffortstogettotherootoftheobesityepidemicandreverseityetobesityresearchersareincreasinglydissatisfiedwithitManynowbelievethatsomethingelsemusthavechangedinourenvironmenttoprecipitate(促成)suchdramaticrisesinobesityoverthepastyearsorsoNobodyissayingthatthe“bigtwo”–reducedphysicalactivityandincreasedavailabilityoffood–arenotimportantcontributorstotheepidemic,buttheycannotexplainitallEarlierthisyearareviewpaperbyobesityexpertssetoutthemostplausiblealternativeexplanationsfortheepidemicHeretheyare      NotenoughsleepItiswidelybelievedthatsleepisforthebrain,notthebodyCouldashortageofshuteyealsobehelpingtomakeusfatSeverallargescalestudiessuggesttheremaybealinkPeoplewhosleeplessthanhoursanighttendtohaveahigherbodymassindexthanpeoplewhosleepmore,accordingtodatagatheredbytheUSNationalHealthandNutritionExaminationSurveySimilarly,theUSNurses’HealthStudy,whichtracked,womenforyears,foundthatthosewhosleptanaverageofhoursanightgainedmoreweightduringthestudyperiodthanwomenwhoslepthours,whointurngainedmorethanwhosewhosleptIt’swellknownthatobesityimpairssleep,soperhapspeoplegetfatfirstandsleeplessafterwardsButthenurses’studysuggeststhatitcanworkintheotherdirectiontoo:sleeplossmayprecipitateweightgainAlthoughgettingfiguresisdifficult,itappearsthatwereallyaresleepinglessInpeopleintheUSsleptanaverageofhourspernightApollbytheNationalSleepFoundationsuggeststhattheaveragehasfallentounderhours,andthedeclineismirroredbytheincreaseinobesity      ClimatecontrolWehumans,likeallwarmbloodedanimals,cankeepourcorebodytemperaturesprettymuchconstantregardlessofwhat’sgoingonintheworldaroundusWedothisbyalteringourmetabolic(新陈代新的)rate,shiveringorsweatingKeepingwarmandstayingcooltakeenergyunlessweareinthe“thermoneutralzone”,whichisincreasinglywherewechoosetoliveandworkThereisnodenyingthatambienttemperatures(环境温度)havechangedinthepastfewdecadesBetweenand,theavera

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