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首页 [名利场].(Vanity.Fair).萨克雷.英文文字版

[名利场].(Vanity.Fair).萨克雷.英文文字版.pdf

[名利场].(Vanity.Fair).萨克雷.英文文字版

yuhui0707
2017-07-19 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《[名利场].(Vanity.Fair).萨克雷.英文文字版pdf》,可适用于初中教育领域

VanityFairThackeray,WilliamMakepeacePublished:Categories(s):FictionSource:http:gutenbergorgAboutThackeray:Thackeray,anonlychild,wasborninCalcutta,India,wherehisfather,RichmondThackeray(SeptemberndashSeptember),heldthehighrankofsecretarytotheboardofrevenueintheBritishEastIndiaCompanyHismother,AnneBecher(ndashseconddaughterofJohnHarmanBecher,awriterfortheEastIndiaCompany,andhiswifeHarriet),marriedRichmondThackerayonOctoberafterbeingsenttoIndiainShewassentabroadafterbeingtoldthatthemansheloved,HenryCarmichaelSmyth,haddiedThiswasnottrue,butherfamilywantedabettermarriageforherthanwithCarmichaelSmyth,amilitarymanThetruthwasunexpectedlyrevealedin,whenRichmondThackerayunwittinglyinvitedtodinnerthesupposedlydeadCarmichaelSmythRichmondThackeray,bornatSouthMimms,wenttoIndiaattheageofsixteentoassumehisdutiesaswriterByhehadfatheredadaughterbyanativemistress,themotheranddaughterbeingnamedinhiswillSuchliaisonsbeingcommonamonggentlemenoftheEastIndiaCompany,itformednobartohiscourtingandmarryingAnneBecherAfterRichmond#sdeath,HenryCarmichaelSmythmarriedAnneinandtheyreturnedtoEnglandthenextyearWilliamhadbeensenttoEnglandearlier,attheageoffive,withashortstopoveratStHelenawheretheimprisonedNapoleonwaspointedouttohimHewaseducatedatschoolsinSouthamptonandChiswickandthenatCharterhouseSchool,wherehewasaclosefriendofJohnLeechHedislikedCharterhouse,parodyingitinhislaterfictionasSlaughterhouseIllnessinhislastyearthere(duringwhichhereportedlygrewtohisfullheightof#)postponedhismatriculationatTrinityCollege,Cambridge,untilFebruaryNevertookeenonacademicstudies,helefttheUniversityinHetravelledforsometimeonthecontinent,visitingParisandWeimar,wherehemetGoetheHereturnedtoEnglandandbegantostudylawattheMiddleTemple,butsoongavethatupOnreachingtwentyone,hecameintohisinheritance,buthesquanderedmuchofitongamblingandbyfundingtwounsuccessfulnewspapers,TheNationalStandardandTheConstitutional,whichhehadhopedtowriteforHealsolostagoodpartofhisfortuneinthecollapseoftwoIndianbanksForcedtoconsideraprofessiontosupporthimself,heturnedfirsttoart,whichhestudiedinParis,buthedidnotpursueit,exceptinlateryearsastheillustratorofsomeofhisownnovelsandotherwritingsThackeray#syearsofsemiidlenessendedafterhemetand,onAugust,marriedIsabellaGethinShawe(),seconddaughterofMatthewShawe,acolonel,whohaddiedafterextraordinaryservice,primarilyinIndia,andhiswife,IsabellaCreaghThemarriageappearstohavebeenaveryhappyone,thoughbesetbyproblems(anoverbearingmotherinlawandsickness)TheirthreedaughterswereAnneIsabella(),Jane(diedatmonths)andHarrietMarian()Henowbeganwritingforhislife,asheputit,turningtojournalisminanefforttosupporthisyoungfamilyHeprimarilyworkedforFraser#sMagazine,asharpwittedandsharptonguedconservativepublication,forwhichheproducedartcriticism,shortfictionalsketches,andtwolongerfictionalworks,CatherineandTheLuckofBarryLyndonLater,throughhisconnectiontotheillustratorJohnLeech,hebeganwritingforthenewlycreatedPunchmagazine,wherehepublishedTheSnobPapers,latercollectedasTheBookofSnobsThisworkpopularizedthemodernmeaningofthewordsnobMeanwhiletragedystruckinhispersonallifeashiswifesuccumbedtodepressionafterthebirthoftheirthirdchildFindinghecouldgetnoworkdoneathome,hespentmoreandmoretimeaway,untilSeptember,whenhenoticedhowgraveherconditionwasand,struckbyguilt,hetookhisailingwifetoIrelandDuringthecrossingshethrewherselffromawaterclosetintothesea(fromwhichshewasrescued)TheyfledbackhomeafterafourweekdomesticbattlewithhermotherFromNovembertoFebruaryshewasinandoutofprofessionalcare,herconditionwaxingandwaningInthelongrunshedeterioratedintoapermanentstateofdetachmentfromreality,unawareoftheworldaroundherThackeraydesperatelysoughtcuresforher,butnothingworked,andsheendedupconfinedinahomenearParis,wheresheremaineduntil,outlivingherhusbandbythirtyyearsAfterhiswife#sillness,Thackeraybecameadefactowidower,neverestablishinganotherpermanentrelationshipHedidpursueotherwomen,inparticularMrsJaneBrookfieldandSallyBaxterInMrBrookfieldbarredThackerayfromfurthervisitstoorcorrespondencewithJane,whileBaxter,anAmericantwentyyearshisjuniorwhomhemetinNewYorkCityin,marriedanothermaninIntheearlys,Thackerayhadsomesuccesswithtwotravelbooks,TheParisSketchBookandTheIrishSketchBookLaterinthedecade,heachievedsomenotorietywithhisSnobPapers,buttheworkthatreallyestablishedhisfamewasthenovelVanityFair,whichfirstappearedinserializedinstallmentsbeginninginJanuaryEvenbeforeVanityFaircompleteditsserialrun,Thackerayhadbecomeacelebrity,soughtafterbytheverylordsandladieshesatirizedandhailedastheequalofDickensHeremainedatthetopofthetree,asheputit,fortheremainingdecadeandahalfofhislife,producingseverallargenovels,notablyPendennis,TheNewcomes,andTheHistoryofHenryEsmond,despitevariousillnesses,includinganearfatalonethatstruckhimininthemiddleofwritingPendennisHetwicevisitedtheUnitedStatesonlecturetoursduringthisperiod,andtherefellinlovewithayoungAmericangirl,SallyBaxterThackerayalsogavelecturesinLondon,ontheEnglishhumouristsoftheeighteenthcentury,andonthefirstfourHanoverianmonarchs,thelatterseriesbeingpublishedinbookformasTheFourGeorgesInOxford,hestoodunsuccessfullyasanindependentforParliamentHewasnarrowlybeatenbyCardwell(votes,againstforThackeray)In,ThackeraybecameeditorofthenewlyestablishedCornhillMagazine,butwasnevercomfortableasaneditor,preferringtocontributetothemagazineasacolumnist,producinghisRoundaboutPapersforitHishealthworsenedduringthesandhewasplaguedbytherecurringstrictureoftheurethrathatlaidhimupfordaysatatimeHealsofelthehadlostmuchofhiscreativeimpetusHeworsenedmattersbyovereatinganddrinkingandavoidingexercise,thoughheenjoyedhorsebackridingandkeptahorseOnDecember,afterreturningfromdiningoutandbeforedressingforbed,ThackeraysufferedastrokeandwasfounddeadonhisbedinthemorningHisdeathattheageoffiftythreewasentirelyunexpectedbyhisfamily,friends,andreadingpublicAnestimatedpeopleattendedhisfuneralatKensingtonGardensHewasburiedonDecemberatKensalGreenCemetery,andamemorialbustsculptedbyMarochetticanbefoundinWestminsterAbbeySource:WikipediaBeforetheCurtainAsthemanagerofthePerformancesitsbeforethecurtainontheboardsandlooksintotheFair,afeelingofprofoundmelancholycomesoverhiminhissurveyofthebustlingplaceThereisagreatquantityofeatinganddrinking,makingloveandjilting,laughingandthecontrary,smoking,cheating,fighting,dancingandfiddlingtherearebulliespushingabout,bucksoglingthewomen,knavespickingpockets,policemenonthelookout,quacks(OTHERquacks,plaguetakethem!)bawlinginfrontoftheirbooths,andyokelslookingupatthetinselleddancersandpooroldrougedtumblers,whilethelightfingeredfolkareoperatingupontheirpocketsbehindYes,thisisVANITYFAIRnotamoralplacecertainlynoramerryone,thoughverynoisyLookatthefacesoftheactorsandbuffoonswhentheycomeofffromtheirbusinessandTomFoolwashingthepaintoffhischeeksbeforehesitsdowntodinnerwithhiswifeandthelittleJackPuddingsbehindthecanvasThecurtainwillbeuppresently,andhewillbeturningoverheadandheels,andcrying,HowareyouAmanwithareflectiveturnofmind,walkingthroughanexhibitionofthissort,willnotbeoppressed,Itakeit,byhisownorotherpeople#shilarityAnepisodeofhumourorkindnesstouchesandamuseshimhereandtheremdashaprettychildlookingatagingerbreadstallaprettygirlblushingwhilstherlovertalkstoherandchoosesherfairingpoorTomFool,yonderbehindthewaggon,mumblinghisbonewiththehonestfamilywhichlivesbyhistumblingbutthegeneralimpressionisonemoremelancholythanmirthfulWhenyoucomehomeyousitdowninasober,contemplative,notuncharitableframeofmind,andapplyyourselftoyourbooksoryourbusinessIhavenoothermoralthanthistotagtothepresentstoryofVanityFairSomepeopleconsiderFairsimmoralaltogether,andeschewsuch,withtheirservantsandfamilies:verylikelytheyarerightButpersonswhothinkotherwise,andareofalazy,orabenevolent,orasarcasticmood,mayperhapsliketostepinforhalfanhour,andlookattheperformancesTherearescenesofallsortssomedreadfulcombats,somegrandandloftyhorseriding,somescenesofhighlife,andsomeofverymiddlingindeedsomelovemakingforthesentimental,andsomelightcomicbusinessthewholeaccompaniedbyappropriatesceneryandbrilliantlyilluminatedwiththeAuthor#sowncandlesWhatmorehastheManagerofthePerformancetosaymdashToacknowledgethekindnesswithwhichithasbeenreceivedinalltheprincipaltownsofEnglandthroughwhichtheShowhaspassed,andwhereithasbeenmostfavourablynoticedbytherespectedconductorsofthepublicPress,andbytheNobilityandGentryHeisproudtothinkthathisPuppetshavegivensatisfactiontotheverybestcompanyinthisempireThefamouslittleBeckyPuppethasbeenpronouncedtobeuncommonlyflexibleinthejoints,andlivelyonthewiretheAmeliaDoll,thoughithashadasmallercircleofadmirers,hasyetbeencarvedanddressedwiththegreatestcarebytheartisttheDobbinFigure,thoughapparentlyclumsy,yetdancesinaveryamusingandnaturalmannertheLittleBoys#DancehasbeenlikedbysomeandpleasetoremarktherichlydressedfigureoftheWickedNobleman,onwhichnoexpensehasbeenspared,andwhichOldNickwillfetchawayattheendofthissingularperformanceAndwiththis,andaprofoundbowtohispatrons,theManagerretires,andthecurtainrisesLONDON,June,ChapterChiswickMallWhilethepresentcenturywasinitsteens,andononesunshinymorninginJune,theredroveuptothegreatirongateofMissPinkerton#sacademyforyoungladies,onChiswickMall,alargefamilycoach,withtwofathorsesinblazingharness,drivenbyafatcoachmaninathreecorneredhatandwig,attherateoffourmilesanhourAblackservant,whoreposedontheboxbesidethefatcoachman,uncurledhisbandylegsassoonastheequipagedrewupoppositeMissPinkerton#sshiningbrassplate,andashepulledthebellatleastascoreofyoungheadswereseenpeeringoutofthenarrowwindowsofthestatelyoldbrickhouseNay,theacuteobservermighthaverecognizedthelittlerednoseofgoodnaturedMissJemimaPinkertonherself,risingoversomegeraniumpotsinthewindowofthatlady#sowndrawingroomItisMrsSedley#scoach,sister,saidMissJemimaSambo,theblackservant,hasjustrungthebellandthecoachmanhasanewredwaistcoatHaveyoucompletedallthenecessarypreparationsincidenttoMissSedley#sdeparture,MissJemimaaskedMissPinkertonherself,thatmajesticladytheSemiramisofHammersmith,thefriendofDoctorJohnson,thecorrespondentofMrsChaponeherselfThegirlswereupatfourthismorning,packinghertrunks,sister,repliedMissJemimawehavemadeherabowpotSayabouquet,sisterJemima,#tismoregenteelWell,abookyasbigalmostasahaystackIhaveputuptwobottlesofthegillyflowerwaterforMrsSedley,andthereceiptformakingit,inAmelia#sboxAndItrust,MissJemima,youhavemadeacopyofMissSedley#saccountThisisit,isitVerygoodmdashninetythreepounds,fourshillingsBekindenoughtoaddressittoJohnSedley,Esquire,andtosealthisbilletwhichIhavewrittentohisladyInMissJemima#seyesanautographletterofhersister,MissPinkerton,wasanobjectofasdeepvenerationaswouldhavebeenaletterfromasovereignOnlywhenherpupilsquittedtheestablishment,orwhentheywereabouttobemarried,andonce,whenpoorMissBirchdiedofthescarletfever,wasMissPinkertonknowntowritepersonallytotheparentsofherpupilsanditwasJemima#sopinionthatifanythingcouldconsoleMrsBirchforherdaughter#sloss,itwouldbethatpiousandeloquentcompositioninwhichMissPinkertonannouncedtheeventInthepresentinstanceMissPinkerton#sbilletwastothefollowingeffect:mdashTheMall,Chiswick,June,MADAM,mdashAfterhersixyears#residenceattheMall,IhavethehonourandhappinessofpresentingMissAmeliaSedleytoherparents,asayoungladynotunworthytooccupyafittingpositionintheirpolishedandrefinedcircleThosevirtueswhichcharacterizetheyoungEnglishgentlewoman,thoseaccomplishmentswhichbecomeherbirthandstation,willnotbefoundwantingintheamiableMissSedley,whoseINDUSTRYandOBEDIENCEhaveendearedhertoherinstructors,andwhosedelightfulsweetnessoftemperhascharmedherAGEDandherYOUTHFULcompanionsInmusic,indancing,inorthography,ineveryvarietyofembroideryandneedlework,shewillbefoundtohaverealizedherfriends#fondestwishesIngeographythereisstillmuchtobedesiredandacarefulandundeviatinguseofthebackboard,forfourhoursdailyduringthenextthreeyears,isrecommendedasnecessarytotheacquirementofthatdignifiedDEPORTMENTANDCARRIAGE,sorequisiteforeveryyoungladyofFASHIONIntheprinciplesofreligionandmorality,MissSedleywillbefoundworthyofanestablishmentwhichhasbeenhonouredbythepresenceofTHEGREATLEXICOGRAPHER,andthepatronageoftheadmirableMrsChaponeInleavingtheMall,MissAmeliacarrieswithhertheheartsofhercompanions,andtheaffectionateregardsofhermistress,whohasthehonourtosubscribeherself,Madam,Yourmostobligedhumbleservant,BARBARAPINKERTONPSmdashMissSharpaccompaniesMissSedleyItisparticularlyrequestedthatMissSharp#sstayinRussellSquaremaynotexceedtendaysThefamilyofdistinctionwithwhomsheisengaged,desiretoavailthemselvesofherservicesassoonaspossibleThislettercompleted,MissPinkertonproceededtowriteherownname,andMissSedley#s,intheflyleafofaJohnson#sDictionarymdashtheinterestingworkwhichsheinvariablypresentedtoherscholars,ontheirdeparturefromtheMallOnthecoverwasinsertedacopyofLinesaddressedtoayoungladyonquittingMissPinkerton#sschool,attheMallbythelatereveredDoctorSamuelJohnsonInfact,theLexicographer#snamewasalwaysonthelipsofthismajesticwoman,andavisithehadpaidtoherwasthecauseofherreputationandherfortuneBeingcommandedbyhereldersistertogettheDictionaryfromthecupboard,MissJemimahadextractedtwocopiesofthebookfromthereceptacleinquestionWhenMissPinkertonhadfinishedtheinscriptioninthefirst,Jemima,withratheradubiousandtimidair,handedherthesecondForwhomisthis,MissJemimasaidMissPinkerton,withawfulcoldnessForBeckySharp,answeredJemima,tremblingverymuch,andblushingoverherwitheredfaceandneck,assheturnedherbackonhersisterForBeckySharp:she#sgoingtooMISSJEMIMA!exclaimedMissPinkerton,inthelargestcapitalsAreyouinyoursensesReplacetheDixonaryinthecloset,andneverventuretotakesuchalibertyinfutureWell,sister,it#sonlytwoandninepence,andpoorBeckywillbemiserableifshedon#tgetoneSendMissSedleyinstantlytome,saidMissPinkertonAndsoventuringnottosayanotherword,poorJemimatrottedoff,exceedinglyflurriedandnervousMissSedley#spapawasamerchantinLondon,andamanofsomewealthwhereasMissSharpwasanarticledpupil,forwhomMissPinkertonhaddone,asshethought,quiteenough,withoutconferringuponheratpartingthehighhonouroftheDixonaryAlthoughschoolmistresses#lettersaretobetrustednomorenorlessthanchurchyardepitaphsyet,asitsometimeshappensthatapersondepartsthislifewhoisreallydeservingofallthepraisesthestonecuttercarvesoverhisboneswhoISagoodChristian,agoodparent,child,wife,orhusbandwhoactuallyDOESleaveadisconsolatefamilytomournhislosssoinacademiesofthemaleandfemalesexitoccurseverynowandthenthatthepupilisfullyworthyofthepraisesbestowedbythedisinterestedinstructorNow,MissAmeliaSedleywasayoungladyofthissingularspeciesanddeservednotonlyallthatMissPinkertonsaidinherpraise,buthadmanycharmingqualitieswhichthatpompousoldMinervaofawomancouldnotsee,fromthedifferencesofrankandagebetweenherpupilandherselfForshecouldnotonlysinglikealark,oraMrsBillington,anddancelikeHillisbergorParisotandembroiderbeautifullyandspellaswellasaDixonaryitselfbutshehadsuchakindly,smiling,tender,gentle,generousheartofherown,aswontheloveofeverybodywhocamenearher,fromMinervaherselfdowntothepoorgirlinthescullery,andtheoneeyedtartwoman#sdaughter,whowaspermittedtovendherwaresonceaweektotheyoungladiesintheMallShehadtwelveintimateandbosomfriendsoutofthetwentyfouryoungladiesEvenenviousMissBriggsneverspokeillofherhighandmightyMissSaltire(LordDexter#sgranddaughter)allowedthatherfigurewasgenteelandasforMissSwartz,therichwoollyhairedmulattofromStKitt#s,onthedayAmeliawentaway,shewasinsuchapassionoftearsthattheywereobligedtosendforDrFloss,andhalftipsifyherwithsalvolatileMissPinkerton#sattachmentwas,asmaybesupposedfromthehighpositionandeminentvirtuesofthatlady,calmanddignifiedbutMissJemimahadalreadywhimperedseveraltimesattheideaofAmelia#sdepartureand,borfearofhersister,wouldhavegoneoffindownrighthysterics,liketheheiress(whopaiddouble)ofStKitt#sSuchluxuryofgrief,however,isonlyallowedtoparlourboardersHonestJemimahadallthebills,andthewashing,andthemending,andthepuddings,andtheplateandcrockery,andtheservantstosuperintendButwhyspeakaboutherItisprobablethatweshallnothearofheragainfromthismomenttotheendoftime,andthatwhenthegreatfiligreeirongatesareonceclosedonher,sheandherawfulsisterwillneverissuetherefromintothislittleworldofhistoryButaswearetoseeagreatdealofAmelia,thereisnoharminsaying,attheoutsetofouracquaintance,thatshewasadearlittlecreatureandagreatmercyitis,bothinlifeandinnovels,which(andthelatterespecially)aboundinvillainsofthemostsombresort,thatwearetohaveforaconstantcompanionsoguilelessandgoodnaturedapersonAssheisnotaheroine,thereisnoneedtodescribeherpersonindeedIamafraidthathernosewasrathershortthanotherwise,andhercheeksagreatdealtooroundandredforaheroinebutherfaceblushedwithrosyhealth,andherlipswiththefreshestofsmiles,andshehadapairofeyeswhichsparkledwiththebrightestandhonestestgoodhumour,exceptindeedwhentheyfilledwithtears,andthatwasagreatdealtoooftenforthesillythingwouldcryoveradeadcanarybirdoroveramouse,thatthecathaplyhadseizeduponorovertheendofanovel,wereiteversostupidandasforsayinganunkindwordtoher,wereanypersonshardheartedenoughtodosomdashwhy,somuchtheworseforthemEvenMissPinkerton,thataustereandgodlikewoman,ceasedscoldingherafterthefirsttime,andthoughshenomorecomprehendedsensibilitythanshedidAlgebra,gaveallmastersandteachersparticularorderstotreatMissSedleywiththeutmostgentleness,asharshtreatmentwasinjurioustoherSothatwhenthedayofdeparturecame,betweenhertwocustomsoflaughingandcrying,MissSedleywasgreatlypuzzledhowtoactShewasgladtogohome,andyetmostwoefullysadatleavingschoolForthreedaysbefore,littleLauraMartin,theorphan,followedheraboutlikealittledogShehadtomakeandreceiveatleastfourteenpresentsmdashtomakefourteensolemnpromisesofwritingeveryweek:Sendmylettersundercovertomygrandpapa,theEarlofDexter,saidMissSaltire(who,bytheway,wasrathershabby)Nevermindthepostage,butwriteeveryday,youdeardarling,saidtheimpetuousandwoollyheaded,butgenerousandaffectionateMissSwartzandtheorphanlittleLauraMartin(whowasjustinroundhand),tookherfriend#shandandsaid,lookingupinherfacewistfully,Amelia,whenIwritetoyouIshallcallyouMammaAllwhichdetails,Ihavenodoubt,JONES,whoreadsthisbookathisClub,willpronouncetobeexcessivelyfoolish,trivial,twaddling,andultrasentimentalYesIcanseeJonesatthisminute(ratherflushedwithhisjointofmuttonandhalfpintofwine),takingouthispencilandscoringunderthewordsfoolish,twaddling,c,andaddingtothemhisownremarkofQUITETRUEWell,heisaloftymanofgenius,andadmiresthegreatandheroicinlifeandnovelsandsohadbettertakewarningandgoelsewhereWell,thenTheflowers,andthepresents,andthetrunks,andbonnetboxesofMissSedleyhavingbeenarrangedbyMrSambointhecarriage,togetherwithaverysmallandweatherbeatenoldcow#sskintrunkwithMissSharp#scardneatlynaileduponit,whichwasdeliveredbySambowithagrin,andpackedbythecoachmanwithacorrespondingsneermdashthehourforpartingcameandthegriefofthatmomentwasconsiderablylessenedbytheadmirablediscoursewhichMissPinkertonaddressedtoherpupilNotthatthepartingspeechcausedAmeliatophilosophise,orthatitarmedherinanywaywithacalmness,theresultofargumentbutitwasintolerablydull,pompous,andtediousandhavingthefearofherschoolmistressgreatlybeforehereyes,MissSedleydidnotventure,inherpresence,togivewaytoanyebullitionsofprivategriefAseedcakeandabottleofwinewereproducedinthedrawingroom,asonthesolemnoccasionsofthevisitsofparents,andtheserefreshmentsbeingpartakenof,MissSedleywasatlibertytodepartYou#llgoinandsaygoodbytoMissPink

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