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首页 庄子(英文版)Watson 译

庄子(英文版)Watson 译

庄子(英文版)Watson 译

wanderlust
2009-03-28 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《庄子(英文版)Watson 译pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

SectionSectionSectionSectionONEONEONEONEFREEFREEFREEFREEANDANDANDANDEASYEASYEASYEASYWANDERINGWANDERINGWANDERINGWANDERINGINTHENORTHERNDARKNESSthereisafishandhisnameisK'unTheK'unissohugeIdon'tknowhowmanythousandlihemeasuresHechangesandbecomesabirdwhosenameisP'engThebackoftheP'engmeasuresIdon'tknowhowmanythousandliacrossand,whenherisesupandfliesoff,hiswingsarelikecloudsallovertheskyWhentheseabeginstomove,thisbirdsetsoffforthesoutherndarkness,whichistheLakeofHeavenTheUniversalHarmonyrecordsvariouswonders,anditsays:"WhentheP'engjourneystothesoutherndarkness,thewatersareroiledforthreethousandliHebeatsthewhirlwindandrisesninetythousandli,settingoffonthesixthmonthgale"Waveringheat,bitsofdust,livingthingsblowingeachotherabouttheskylooksveryblueIsthatitsrealcolor,orisitbecauseitissofarawayandhasnoendWhenthebirdlooksdown,allheseesisbluetooIfwaterisnotpiledupdeepenough,itwon'thavethestrengthtobearupabigboatPouracupofwaterintoahollowinthefloorandbitsoftrashwillsailonitlikeboatsButsetthecupthereanditwillstickfast,forthewateristooshallowandtheboattoolargeIfwindisnotpiledupdeepenough,itwon'thavethestrengthtobearupgreatwingsThereforewhentheP'engrisesninetythousandli,hemusthavethewindunderhimlikethatOnlythencanhemountonthebackofthewind,shoulderthebluesky,andnothingcanhinderorblockhimOnlythencanhesethiseyestothesouthThecicadaandthelittledovelaughatthis,saying,"Whenwemakeaneffortandflyup,wecangetasfarastheelmorthesapanwoodtree,butsometimeswedon'tmakeitandjustfalldownonthegroundNowhowisanyonegoingtogoninetythousandlitothesouth!"Ifyougoofftothegreenwoodsnearby,youcantakealongfoodforthreemealsandcomebackwithyourstomachasfullaseverIfyouaregoingahundredli,youmustgrindyourgrainthenightbeforeandifyouaregoingathousandli,youmuststartgettingtheprovisionstogetherthreemonthsinadvanceWhatdothesetwocreaturesunderstandLittleunderstandingcannotcomeuptogreatunderstandingtheshortlivedcannotcomeuptothelonglivedHowdoIknowthisissoThemorningmushroomknowsnothingoftwilightanddawnthesummercicadaknowsnothingofspringandautumnTheyaretheshortlivedSouthofCh'uthereisacaterpillarwhichcountsfivehundredyearsasonespringandfivehundredyearsasoneautumnLong,longagotherewasagreatroseofSharonthatcountedeightthousandyearsasonespringandeightthousandyearsasoneautumnTheyarethelonglivedYetP'engtsualoneisfamoustodayforhavinglivedalongtime,andeverybodytriestoapehimIsn'titpitiful!AmongthequestionsofT'angtoCh'iwefindthesamethingInthebaldandbarrennorth,thereisadarksea,theLakeofHeavenInitisafishwhichisseveralthousandliacross,andnooneknowshowlongHisnameisK'unThereisalsoabirdthere,namedP'eng,withabacklikeMountT'aiandwingslikecloudsfillingtheskyHebeatsthewhirlwind,leapsintotheair,andrisesupninetythousandli,cuttingthroughthecloudsandmist,shoulderingthebluesky,andthenheturnshiseyessouthandpreparestojourneytothesoutherndarknessThelittlequaillaughsathim,saying,"Wheredoeshethinkhe'sgoingIgiveagreatleapandflyup,butInevergetmorethantenortwelveyardsbeforeIcomedownflutteringamongtheweedsandbramblesAndthat'sthebestkindofflyinganyway!Wheredoeshethinkhe'sgoing"SuchisthedifferencebetweenbigandlittleThereforeamanwhohaswisdomenoughtofilloneofficeeffectively,goodconductenoughtoimpressonecommunity,virtueenoughtopleaseoneruler,ortalentenoughtobecalledintoserviceinonestate,hasthesamekindofselfprideastheselittlecreaturesSungJungtzuwouldcertainlyburstoutlaughingatsuchamanThewholeworldcouldpraiseSungJungtzuanditwouldn'tmakehimexerthimselfthewholeworldcouldcondemnhimanditwouldn'tmakehimmopeHedrewaclearlinebetweentheinternalandtheexternal,andrecognizedtheboundariesoftruegloryanddisgraceButthatwasallAsfarastheworldwent,hedidn'tfretandworry,buttherewasstillgroundheleftunturnedLiehTzucouldridethewindandgosoaringaroundwithcoolandbreezyskill,butafterfifteendayshecamebacktoearthAsfarasthesearchforgoodfortunewent,hedidn'tfretandworryHeescapedthetroubleofwalking,buthestillhadtodependonsomethingtogetaroundIfhehadonlymountedonthetruthofHeavenandEarth,riddenthechangesofthesixbreaths,andthuswanderedthroughtheboundless,thenwhatwouldhehavehadtodependonThereforeIsay,thePerfectManhasnoselftheHolyManhasnomerittheSagehasnofameYaowantedtocedetheempiretoHsuYu"Whenthesunandmoonhavealreadycomeout,"hesaid,"it'sawasteoflighttogoonburningthetorches,isn'titWhentheseasonalrainsarefalling,it'sawasteofwatertogoonirrigatingthefieldsIfyoutookthethrone,theworldwouldbewellorderedIgoonoccupyingit,butallIcanseearemyfailingsIbegtoturnovertheworldtoyou"HsuYusaid,"YougoverntheworldandtheworldisalreadywellgovernedNowifItakeyourplace,willIbedoingitforanameButnameisonlytheguestofrealitywillIbedoingitsoIcanplaythepartofaguestWhenthetailorbirdbuildshernestinthedeepwood,sheusesnomorethanonebranchWhenthemoledrinksattheriver,hetakesnomorethanabellyfulGohomeandforgetthematter,mylordIhavenousefortherulershipoftheworld!Thoughthecookmaynotrunhiskitchenproperly,thepriestandtheimpersonatorofthedeadatthesacrificedonotleapoverthewinecasksandsacrificialstandsandgotakehisplace"ChienWusaidtoLienShu,"IwaslisteningtoChiehYu'stalkbigandnothingtobackitup,goingonandonwithoutturningaroundIwascompletelydumfoundedathiswordsnomoreendthantheMilkyWay,wildandwideofthemark,nevercomingnearhumanaffairs!""Whatwerehiswordslike"askedLienShu"HesaidthatthereisaHolyManlivingonfarawayKusheMountain,withskinlikeiceorsnow,andgentleandshylikeayounggirlHedoesn'teatthefivegrains,butsucksthewind,drinksthedew,climbsuponthecloudsandmist,ridesaflyingdragon,andwandersbeyondthefourseasByconcentratinghisspirit,hecanprotectcreaturesfromsicknessandplagueandmaketheharvestplentifulIthoughtthiswasallinsaneandrefusedtobelieveit""Youwould!"saidLienShu"Wecan'texpectablindmantoappreciatebeautifulpatternsoradeafmantolistentobellsanddrumsAndblindnessanddeafnessarenotconfinedtothebodyalonetheunderstandinghasthemtoo,asyourwordsjustnowhaveshownThisman,withthisvirtueofhis,isabouttoembracethetenthousandthingsandrollthemintooneThoughtheagecallsforreform,whyshouldhewearhimselfoutovertheaffairsoftheworldThereisnothingthatcanharmthismanThoughfloodwaterspileuptothesky,hewillnotdrownThoughagreatdroughtmeltsmetalandstoneandscorchestheearthandhills,hewillnotbeburnedFromhisdustandleavingsaloneyoucouldmoldaYaooraShun!Whyshouldheconsenttobotheraboutmerethings"AmanofSungwhosoldceremonialhatsmadeatriptoYueh,buttheYuehpeoplecuttheirhairshortandtattootheirbodiesandhadnouseforsuchthingsYaobroughtordertothepeopleoftheworldanddirectedthegovernmentofallwithintheseasButhewenttoseetheFourMastersofthefarawayKushe:Mountain,andwhenhegothomenorthoftheFenRiver,hewasdazedandhadforgottenhiskingdomthereHuiTzusaidtoChuangTzu,"ThekingofWeigavemesomeseedsofahugegourdIplantedthem,andwhentheygrewup,thefruitwasbigenoughtoholdfivepiculsItriedusingitforawatercontainer,butitwassoheavyIcouldn'tliftitIsplititinhalftomakedippers,buttheyweresolargeandunwieldythatIcouldn'tdipthemintoanythingIt'snotthatthegourdsweren'tfantasticallybigbutIdecidedtheywerenouseandsoIsmashedthemtopieces"ChuangTzusaid,"Youcertainlyaredensewhenitcomestousingbigthings!InSungtherewasamanwhowasskilledatmakingasalvetopreventchappedhands,andgenerationaftergenerationhisfamilymadealivingbybleachingsilkinwaterAtravelerheardaboutthesalveandofferedtobuytheprescriptionforahundredmeasuresofgoldThemancalledeveryonetoafamilycouncil`Forgenerationswe'vebeenbleachingsillsandwe'venevermademorethanafewmeasuresofgold,'hesaid`Now,ifweselloursecret,wecanmakeahundredmeasuresinonemorningLet'slethimhaveit!'ThetravelergotthesalveandintroducedittothekingofWu,whowashavingtroublewiththestateofYuehThekingputthemaninchargeofhistroops,andthatwintertheyfoughtanavalbattlewiththemenofYuehandgavethemabadbeatingAportionoftheconqueredterritorywasawardedtothemanasafiefThesalvehadthepowertopreventchappedhandsineithercasebutonemanusedittogetafief,whiletheotheronenevergotbeyondsilkbleachingbecausetheyuseditindifferentwaysNowyouhadagourdbigenoughtoholdfivepiculsWhydidn'tyouthinkofmakingitintoagreattubsoyoucouldgofloatingaroundtheriversandlakes,insteadofworryingbecauseitwastoobigandunwieldytodipintothings!Obviouslyyoustillhavealotofunderbrushinyourhead!"HuiTzusaidtoChuangTzu,"IhaveabigtreeofthekindmencallshuItstrunkistoognarledandbumpytoapplyameasuringlineto,itsbranchestoobentandtwistytomatchuptoacompassorsquareYoucouldstanditbytheroadandnocarpenterwouldlookatittwiceYourwords,too,arebiganduseless,andsoeveryonealikespurnsthem!"ChuangTzusaid,"Maybeyou'veneverseenawildcatoraweaselItcrouchesdownandhides,watchingforsomethingtocomealongItleapsandraceseastandwest,nothesitatingtogohighorlowuntilitfallsintothetrapanddiesinthenetThenagainthere'stheyak,bigasacloudcoveringtheskyItcertainlyknowshowtobebig,thoughitdoesn'tknowhowtocatchratsNowYouhavethisbigtreeandyou'redistressedbecauseit'suselessWhydon'tyouplantitinNotEvenAnythingVillage,orthefieldofBroadandBoundless,relaxanddonothingbyitsside,orliedownforafreeandeasysleepunderitAxeswillnevershortenitslife,nothingcaneverharmitIfthere'snouseforit,howcanitcometogrieforpain"eritAxeswillnevershortenitslife,nothingcaneverharmitIfthere'snouseforit,howcanitcometogrieforpain"SectionSectionSectionSectionTWOTWOTWOTWODISCUSSIONDISCUSSIONDISCUSSIONDISCUSSIONONONONONMAKINGMAKINGMAKINGMAKINGALLALLALLALLTHINGSTHINGSTHINGSTHINGSEQUALEQUALEQUALEQUALTZUCH'IOFSOUTHWALLsatleaningonhisarmrest,staringupattheskyandbreathingvacantandfaraway,asthoughhe'dlosthiscompanionYenCh'engTzuyu,whowasstandingbyhissideinattendance,said,"WhatisthisCanyoureallymakethebodylikeawitheredtreeandthemindlikedeadashesThemanleaningonthearmrestnowisnottheonewholeanedonitbefore!"Tzuch'isaid,"Youdowelltoaskthequestion,YenNowIhavelostmyselfDoyouunderstandthatYouhearthepipingofmen,butyouhaven'theardthepipingofearthOrifyou'veheardthepipingofearth,youhaven'theardthepipingofHeaven!"Tzuyusaid,"MayIventuretoaskwhatthismeans"Tzuch'isaid,"TheGreatClodbelchesoutbreathanditsnameiswindSolongasitdoesn'tcomeforth,nothinghappensButwhenitdoes,thententhousandhollowsbegincryingwildlyCan'tyouhearthem,longdrawnoutInthemountainforeststhatlashandsway,therearehugetreesahundredspansaroundwithhollowsandopeningslikenoses,likemouths,likeears,likejugs,likecups,likemortars,likerifts,likerutsTheyroarlikewaves,whistlelikearrows,screech,gasp,cry,wail,moan,andhowl,thoseintheleadcallingoutyeee!,thosebehindcallingoutyuuu!Inagentlebreezetheyanswerfaintly,butinafullgalethechorusisgiganticAndwhenthefiercewindhaspassedon,thenallthehollowsareemptyagainHaveyouneverseenthetossingandtremblingthatgoeson"Tzuyusaid,"Bythepipingofearth,then,youmeansimplythesoundofthesehollows,andbythepipingofmanthesoundofflutesandwhistlesButmayIaskaboutthepipingofHeaven"Tzuch'isaid,"Blowingonthetenthousandthingsinadifferentway,sothateachcanbeitselfalltakewhattheywantforthemselves,butwhodoesthesounding"GreatunderstandingisbroadandunhurriedlittleunderstandingiscrampedandbusyGreatwordsareclearandlimpidlittlewordsareshrillandquarrelsomeInsleep,men'sspiritsgovisitinginwakinghours,theirbodieshustleWitheverythingtheymeettheybecomeentangledDayafterdaytheyusetheirmindsinstrife,sometimesgrandiose,sometimessly,sometimespettyTheirlittlefearsaremeanandtremblytheirgreatfearsarestunnedandoverwhelmingTheyboundofflikeanarroworacrossbowpellet,certainthattheyarethearbitersofrightandwrongTheyclingtotheirpositionasthoughtheyhadswornbeforethegods,surethattheyareholdingontovictoryTheyfadelikefallandwintersuchisthewaytheydwindledaybydayTheydrowninwhattheydoyoucannotmakethemturnbackTheygrowdark,asthoughsealedwithsealssucharetheexcessesoftheiroldageAndwhentheirmindsdrawneartodeath,nothingcanrestorethemtothelightJoy,anger,grief,delight,worry,regret,fickleness,inflexibility,modesty,willfulness,candor,insolencemusicfromemptyholes,mushroomsspringingupindampness,dayandnightreplacingeachotherbeforeus,andnooneknowswheretheysproutfromLetitbe!Letitbe!Itisenoughthatmorningandeveningwehavethem,andtheyarethemeansbywhichweliveWithoutthemwewouldnotexistwithoutustheywouldhavenothingtotakeholdofThiscomesclosetothematterButIdonotknowwhatmakesthemthewaytheyareItwouldseemasthoughtheyhavesomeTrueMaster,andyetIfindnotraceofhimHecanactthatiscertainYetIcannotseehisformHehasidentitybutnoformThehundredjoints,thenineopenings,thesixorgans,allcometogetherandexisthereasmybodyButwhichpartshouldIfeelclosesttoIshoulddelightinallparts,yousayButtheremustbeoneIoughttofavormoreIfnot,aretheyallofthemmereservantsButiftheyareallservants,thenhowcantheykeeporderamongthemselvesOrdotheytaketurnsbeinglordandservantItwouldseemasthoughtheremustbesomeTrueLordamongthemButwhetherIsucceedindiscoveringhisidentityornot,itneitheraddstonordetractsfromhisTruthOnceamanreceivesthisfixedbodilyform,heholdsontoit,waitingfortheendSometimesclashingwiththings,sometimesbendingbeforethem,herunshiscourselikeagallopingsteed,andnothingcanstophimIshenotpatheticSweatingandlaboringtotheendofhisdaysandneverseeinghisaccomplishment,utterlyexhaustinghimselfandneverknowingwheretolookforrestcanyouhelppityinghimI'mnotdeadyet!hesays,butwhatgoodisthatHisbodydecays,hismindfollowsitcanyoudenythatthisisagreatsorrowMan'slifehasalwaysbeenamuddlelikethisHowcouldIbetheonlymuddledone,andothermennotmuddledIfamanfollowsthemindgivenhimandmakesithisteacher,thenwhocanbewithoutateacherWhymustyoucomprehendtheprocessofchangeandformyourmindonthatbasisbeforeyoucanhaveateacherEvenanidiothashisteacherButtofailtoabidebythismindandstillinsistuponyourrightsandwrongsthisislikesayingthatyousetoffforYuehtodayandgotthereyesterdayThisistoclaimthatwhatdoesn'texistexistsIfyouclaimthatwhatdoesn'texistexists,theneventheholysageYucouldn'tunderstandyou,muchlessapersonlikeme!WordsarenotjustwindWordshavesomethingtosayButifwhattheyhavetosayisnotfixed,thendotheyreallysaysomethingOrdotheysaynothingPeoplesupposethatwordsaredifferentfromthepeepsofbabybirds,butisthereanydifference,orisn'tthereWhatdoestheWayrelyupon,thatwehavetrueandfalseWhatdowordsrelyupon,thatwehaverightandwrongHowcantheWaygoawayandnotexistHowcanwordsexistandnotbeacceptableWhentheWayreliesonlittleaccomplishmentsandwordsrelyonvainshow,thenwehavetherightsandwrongsoftheConfuciansandtheMoistsWhatonecallsrighttheothercallswrongwhatonecallswrongtheothercallsrightButifwewanttorighttheirwrongsandwrongtheirrights,thenthebestthingtouseisclarityEverythinghasits"that,"everythinghasits"this"Fromthepointofviewof"that"youcannotseeit,butthroughunderstandingyoucanknowitSoIsay,"that"comesoutof"this"and"this"dependson"that"whichistosaythat"this"and"that"givebirthtoeachotherButwherethereisbirththeremustbedeathwherethereisdeaththeremustbebirthWherethereisacceptabilitytheremustbeunacceptabilitywherethereisunacceptabilitytheremustbeacceptabilityWherethereisrecognitionofrighttheremustberecognitionofwrongwherethereisrecognitionofwrongtheremustberecognitionofrightThereforethesagedoesnotproceedinsuchaway,butilluminatesallinthelightofHeavenHetoorecognizesa"this,"buta"this"whichisalso"that,"a"that"whichisalso"this"His"that"hasbotharightandawronginithis"this"toohasbotharightandawronginitSo,infact,doeshestillhavea"this"and"that"Ordoesheinfactnolongerhavea"this"and"that"Astateinwhich"this"and"that"nolongerfindtheiroppositesiscalledthehingeoftheWayWhenthehingeisfittedintothesocket,itcanrespondendlesslyItsrightthenisasingleendlessnessanditswrongtooisasingleendlessnessSo,Isay,thebestthingtouseisclarityTouseanattributetoshowthatattributesarenotattributesisnotasgoodasusinganonattributetoshowthatattributesarenotattributesTouseahorsetoshowthatahorseisnotahorseisnotasgoodasusinganonhorsetoshowthatahorseisnotahorse,HeavenandearthareoneattributethetenthousandthingsareonehorseWhatisacceptablewecallacceptablewhatisunacceptablewecallunacceptableAroadismadebypeoplewalkingonitthingsaresobecausetheyarecalledsoWhatmakesthemsoMakingthemsomakesthemsoWhatmakesthemnotsoMakingthemnotsomakesthemnotsoThingsallmusthavethatwhichissothingsallmusthavethatwhichisacceptableThereisnothingthatisnotso,nothingthatisnotacceptableForthisreason,whetheryoupointtoalittlestalkoragreatpillar,aleperorthebeautifulHsishih,thingsribaldandshadyorthingsgrotesqueandstrange,theWaymakesthemallintooneTheirdividednessistheircompletenesstheirco

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  • 小陈 找了很久了,太感谢了

    2009-12-14 05:44:16

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庄子(英文版)Watson 译

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