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高中英语

高中英语

上传者: liangjie02 2009-03-24 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《高中英语ppt》,可适用于高中教育领域,主题内容包含高三英语总复习语法系列训练倒装结构南莫中学高三英语备课组倒装语序分为“全部倒装”和“部分倒装”。在全部倒装的句子中整个谓语都放在主语的前面在部分倒装符等。

高三英语总复习语法系列训练倒装结构南莫中学高三英语备课组倒装语序分为“全部倒装”和“部分倒装”。在全部倒装的句子中整个谓语都放在主语的前面在部分倒装的句子中只是谓语中的一部分(如助动词、情态动词或系动词be等)放在主语前面其余部分仍放在主语后面。下面将常见的倒装情况分述如下:一、由there,here或now等引起谓语为come(或go)的句子例如:Therecomesthebus!Theregoesthebell!HerecomesMary!Nowcomesyourturn注:如果主语为人称代词仍用自然语序例如:Therehecomes!Hereshecomes!二、由then引起谓语为come(或follow)的句子例如:ThencameanewdifficultyThenfollowedeightyearsoftheAntiJapaneseWarThencamewind,hailandfrost三、由here(或there)引导谓语为be的句子如:HereisChina’slargesttropicalforestHerearesomepicturebooks注:如果主语为人称代词仍用自然语序如:HereyouareHereweareHereitisThereheis四、由so引起的表示前面所说的情况也适用于另一个人(或物)的句子如:“Wemuststartfortheworksitenow”“Somustwe”SocietyhaschangedandsohavethepeopleinitHeplaystheviolinquitewellSodoesmysisterHehasbeentoBeijing,sohaveI注:如果一个句子只是重复前面一句话的意思尽管so用开头语序也不要倒装如:Itwascoldyesterday–Soitwas!TomorrowwillbeMonday–Soitwill五、由neither或nor引起的表示前面所说的情况也适用于另一个人(或物)的句子如:Iwon’tdosuchathing–NeitherNorwillIIfyouwon’tgo,neithershallIIhaven’tdonemyhomework–NeitherNorhaveIIdidn’treadthenoticeonthebulletinboard,nordidhe六、在if引导的非真实条件句中如有助动词had,should或were时可以省略if进行倒装如:HadIcomefiveminutesearlier,Iwouldhavemetthefamousscientist(IfIhadcomefiveminutes…)HadIbeeninformedearlier,IcouldhavedonesomethingShouldanyonecall,tellhimtowaitformehereWereItenyearsyounger,IwouldbeabletoclimbtothetopofthehillShouldyouchangeyourmind,letusknow(IfIwereyou…不倒装)七、在描写情景时有时为了生动可以把out,in,up,down,away等副词放在主语前同时主谓倒装如:UpwentthearrowintotheairUpflewtheredballoonFollowingtheroar,outrushedatigerfromamongthebushes注:如果主语是一个人称代词谓语仍放在后面如:AwaytheywentDownitflewUpitwent八、当as引导让步状语从句时可以把表语提到前面来采用“形容词(或副词、名词)as主语谓语”这种形式如:Oldasmyfatheris,hekeepsupwithhisEnglishstudyChildasheis,heknowssomethingofelectricityTiredashewas,hecontinuedtoworkYoungasshewas,shewasalreadydirectorofafactory九、当always,often,well,manyatime等词放在句首时后面常用倒装语序如:AlwaysdidthesoldiergotohelpthevillagersOftendidwewarnthemnottodosoWelldoIrememberthedayIsawawildtigerManyatimedidhegoswimmingintheriver注:上述所说的词不放在句首不用倒装语序。十、only所修饰的副词、介词短语或状语从句放在句首时其后面的主语部分要进行倒装如:OnlyinthiswaycanyouhopetoimprovethesituationthereOnlythendidIrealizethatIwaswrongOnlyoncedidhisfatherdiscusshisfuturewithhimOnlyyesterdaydidIrealizewhatwasgoingonOnlyafterhecamebackwasIabletoseehim注:only修饰主语仍用自然语序如:OnlysocialismcansaveChina十一、含有否定意义的副词、连词或短语构成的状语放在句首时常用倒装语序。这些词和词组有:not,never,hardly,seldom,little,rarely,scarcely,notuntil,notonly…butalso…,neither…nor…,nosooner…than…,hardly…when…,scarcely…when等例如:NevershallIforgetthedaywhenIjoinedtheLeagueNotuntilIbegantoworkdidIrealizehowmuchtimeIhadwastedNotonlydidhereadthebook,butalsorememberedwhathehadreadNosoonerhadhearrivedtherethanhefellillHardlyScarcelyhadshefallenasleepwhenaknockatthedoorawakenedher注:上面所说的词和词组如果不在句首句子不必用倒装语序。另外notonly…butalso连接两个主语时不用倒装如:Notonlythestudents,butalsotheteacherwishesforaholiday十二、当so(或such)…that…结构中的so或such用于句首时要采取倒装语序如:SoloudlydidhespeakthatevenpeopleinthenextroomcouldhearhimSoloudlydidhespeakthathewasheardupstairsSosmallwasthemarkthatIcouldhardlyseeitSoangrywashethathecouldn’tspeakSofastdoeslighttravelthatitisdifficultforustoimagineitsspeedSuchwastheforceoftheexplosionthatallthewindowswerebrokenSuchwashisstrengththathecouldbendironbars注:such和be连用作表语时也常用倒装语序如:SuchwastheresultSuchwereherwordsSuchwasthestoryhetold十三、在下列结构中也常用倒装语序:OnahillinfrontofthemstoodagreatcastleOnthebedlayasickoldmanUnderthetreewassittingoneofthebiggestmenIhaveeverseenSeatedonthegroundareagroupofyoungmenplayingcardsLyingonthefloorwasaboyagedaboutseventeenGoodbye!

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