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首页 时代周刊(英文版)

时代周刊(英文版)

时代周刊(英文版)

forys88
2009-03-22 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《时代周刊(英文版)pdf》,可适用于外语资料领域

InthisissueEdition:USVolNoCOVERBrokenDown(CoverStoryTheWell)WhatthewarinIraqhasdonetoAmerica'sArmyandhowtofixitATimeinvestigationTheFrenchExodus(Europe)ByPETERGUMBELWhyagrowingnumberoftalentedandambitiousyoungpeopleareleavingFrancebehindDads'DilemmaByLIAMFITZPATRICKAsianfathersareinabind,tuggedinoppositedirectionsbyresponsibilitiesatworkandathomeIsthereawayoutWhileYouWereSleepingByDANIELWILLIAMSDreamswerelongdismissedasneurologicalgarbage,butnowscientistsarebeginningtoprobethesecretsofournightlyvisionsNATIONDon'tLaughatAlFranken(TheWellProfile)TheSNLalumandbestsellingcriticofallthingsconservativeturnshiseyetotheSenateCanheconvinceMinnesotansthathiscandidacyisn'tajokeWORLDPostcard:BelfastLongdistrustedbytheregion'sCatholics,NorthernIreland'spolicearetryingtorecasttheforceasnonpartisanOnpatrolinacitythatisstillpolarizedSOCIETYStudentStuntmen(LifeEducation)AFrenchimporthascollegehipstersgoingheadoverheels,butsomecampuscopsthinkit'salittletooflyTheDrifters(LifeTheLaw)USSupremeCourtJusticesmaycometothebenchwithanideologicalpointofview,butitchangesAllSteamedUp(LifeGoingGreen)Theworld'sbiggestcountryisstartingtogogeothermalthankstooneofthesmallestHormoneTherapyRedeemed(Health)Afteryearsofconflictingresults,thetreatmentformenopauseismoreorlessbackwhereitstartedTheHyperconnected(LifeTECHNOCULTURE)We'readdictedtodata,andnewinventionslikeTwitterandtheiPhonewillonlymakeitworseActingLikeaPresident(LifeHistory)MostpoliticianswhomakeittotheWhiteHousehavealsobecomemastersoftheartofperformingTheMoneyQueens(LifeBusiness)WomenarenotspendaholicsSowhydopersonalfinancebookstrytomakeusfeelguiltyNOTEBOOKVerbatimPeople(People)THESCOREStroll(Dashboard)WorldSpotlight:WhyIranBackedDown(Dashboard)MoneyYells(BriefingTheMoment)Inthefirstprimary,RomneyandObamacrashtheirpartiesBeatificationBox(Dashboard)ANaturalGasGang(Dashboard)WashingtonMemo:TakingOnGonzales(BriefingDashboard)AuditAlert(Dashboard)NumbersMilestones(Briefing)Newsreel(Dashboard)RisingSunRevisions(Dashboard)ARTSENTERTAINMENTEinsteinFaith(BookExcerpt)Inanexclusiveexcerptfromanewbiography,thegreatphysicistwrestleswithwhatitmeanstobelieveinGodCheatSheet(Downtime)Whatyouwon'tbeabletoavoid,whatyoushouldseeandwhatyoushouldskipButWeKnowWhatWeLike(Television)WhatAmericanIdolsaysaboutAmericantastesWhyCan'taWomanBeaMan(TheBigPicture)Thatmaybetheonlywayfemalescangetgoodrolesintoday'sblockbustermoviesJustDon'tCallItaTelethon(Television)ESSAYStockman'sSecondAct(Commentary)Reagan'sbudgetguyischargedwithfraudDidn'thepracticehisfiscalfinaglingonthemasterAnAdministration'sEpicCollapse(Commentary)Bush'sresponsetothreescandals,saysJoeKlein,showsonceagainthathishyperpartisanshiphasbeenatravestyofgovernanceandacomprehensivefailureTheAgeofUTurnsFlipflopsgetabadname,butoftenthebestcourseistoreversecoursePEOPLEQuestionsHewastheGovernorofArkansasformorethanadecadeWiththesupportofsocialconservatives,theRepublicanunderdogisaimingforahigheroffice:thepresidencyMikeHuckabeewillnowtakeyourquestionsSPECIALSECTIONWrinklesinLivingColor(GlobalBusinessMarketing)CanDovesellanewlineofbeautyproductsbytellingwomenthatagingisOKLendingahand(GlobalBusinessMicrofinance)Fightingpovertywithsmallloansishot,butmicrocreditisnotamagicbulletforunderdevelopmentLETTERSInboxThursday,Apr,America'sBrokenDownArmyByMarkThompsonFormostAmericans,theIraqwarisbothdistantandneverendingForPrivateMatthewZeimer,itwasneitherShortlyaftermidnightonFeb,ZeimerhadhisfirsttasteofcombatashescrambledtotheroofoftherdInfantryDivision'sCombatOutpostGrantincentralRamadiUndercoverofdarkness,SunniinsurgentswereattackinghisnewpostfromnearbybuildingsAmidthesmoke,noiseandconfusion,ablastsuddenlyrippedthroughtheftconcretewallshieldingZeimerandafellowsoldier,killingthembothZeimerhadbeeninIraqforaweekHehadbeenathisfirstcombatpostfortwohoursIfZeimer'scombatcareerwasbrief,sowashistrainingHeenlistedlastJuneatage,threeweeksaftergraduatingfromDawsonCountyHighSchoolineasternMontanaAfterfinishingnineweeksofbasictrainingandadditionalpreparationininfantrytacticsinOklahoma,hearrivedatFortStewart,Ga,inearlyDecemberButZeimerhadmissedtheintensefourweekpreIraqtrainingatasteofwhattroopswillfaceincombatthathisstBrigadecomradesgotattheirhomepostinOctoberInstead,Zeimerandaboutothermembersofthe,strongbrigadegotacutrate,daycourseonweaponuse,firstaidandIraqicultureThat'sthesamelengthasthecoursethatteachessoldiersassignedtogenerals'householdstaffsthefinerpointsoftableserviceTheArmyandtheWhiteHouseinsisttheabbreviatedtrainingwasadequate"Theycangetdeserttrainingelsewhere,"spokesmanTonySnowsaidFeb,"likeinIraq"ButoutsidemilitaryexpertsandZeimer'smotherdisagreeTheArmy'srushtocarryoutPresidentGeorgeWBush'sordertosendthousandsofadditionaltroopsmorequicklytoIraqisforcingtwoofthefivenewbrigadesboundforthewartoskipstandardtrainingatFortIrwin,CalifThesesoldiersaren'tgettingthebenefitofparticipatinginwargamesonthewideMojaveDesert,wheregunjammingsandandfauxinsurgentscloselyresembleconditionsinIraq"GiventhenewpolicyofhavingtroopsamongtheIraqis,"saysLawrenceKorb,aformerPentagonpersonnelchief,"theyshouldbegivingouryoungsoldiersmoretraining,notless"Zeimer'smotherwasunawareofthegapinherson'straininguntilTIMEtoldheraboutitonAprilTwodayslatertheArmydisclosedthatZeimermayhavebeenkilledbyfriendlyfire"They'reshippingmoreandmoreyoungkidsovertherewhodon'tknowwhatthey'regettinginto,"JanetSeymoursaidquietlyafterlearningwhathersonhadmissed"They'veneverseenwarotherthanontheTV"Thetruncatedtrainingtherushtogetunderpreparedtroopstothewarzone"isabsolutelyunacceptable,"saysRepresentativeJohnMurtha,thePennsylvaniaDemocratandopponentofthewarwhochairstheHouseAppropriationsdefensesubcommitteeAdecoratedMarineveteranofVietnam,Murthaisexperiencingasenseofdéjàvu"ThereadinessoftheArmy'sgroundforcesisasbadasitwasrightafterVietnam,"MurthatellsTIMEEvenColinPowellaretiredArmygeneral,onetimeChairmanoftheJointChiefsandBush'sfirstSecretaryofStateacknowledgesthatafterspendingnearlysixyearsfightingasmallwarinAfghanistanandfouryearswagingamediumsizewarinIraq,theservicewhoseuniformheworeforyearsisontheropes"TheactiveArmy,"PowellsaidinDecember,"isaboutbroken"BushwarnedthatifDemocratsinCongressdidnotpassabilltofundthewaronhisterms,"thepriceofthatfailurewillbepaidbyourtroopsandtheirlovedones"Buttheyarealreadypayingapricefordecisionshehasmade,andthelargercostsarelikelytobeborneforatleastagenerationThisisnotonlyamatteroftheUS'sabilitytodefenditselfathomeandprotectitsinterestsoverseas,vitalthoughthosemissionsareTheArmyistheheartoftheUSmilitary,practicingwhatdemocraciessometimesmanageonlytopreachAllsoldiersarecreatedequalraceandclassdefertorankandmeritExceptforthestars,thegeneralwearstheuniformoftheprivateincombatTheArmyisthepublicinstitutionthatsetsthepaceforotherstofollow,makesthestakeshigher,thedemandsgreaterItsrewardsarepaidingloryandbloodAvolunteerArmyreflectsthemostcentralandsacredvowthatcitizensmaketooneanother:soldiersprotectanddefendthecountryinreturn,thecountrypromisestogivethemthetoolstheyneedtocompletetheirmissionandhonortheirservice,whatevertheoutcomeItwasBush,ontheeveoftheelection,whopromised"toallofourmenandwomeninuniformandtotheirparentsandtotheirfamilies,helpisontheway"BesidesputtingPowellatState,thePresidentreinforcedhisAdministrationwithtwoformerDefenseSecretaries:VicePresidentDickCheneyand,inthejobforasecondtime,DonaldRumsfeldSoitisnosmallironythattoday'sUSArmyfindsitselfunderthegreateststraininagenerationThePentagonmadethatclearAprilwhenitannouncedthattwoArmyunitswillsoonreturntoIraqwithoutevenayearathome,comparedwiththetwoyearsunitshavetraditionallyenjoyedOneisheadedbackafterdaysshortofayear,theother"Thisisthefirsttimewe'vehadavoluntaryArmyonanextendeddeployment,"saysAndrewKrepinevich,aretiredArmyofficerwhoadviseshisoldservice"Alotofcanariesaredroppingdeadinthemine"ThemainconsequencesofatightlystretchedArmyisthatmenandwomenarebeingsentintocombatwithlesstraining,shorterbreaksanddisintegratingequipmentWhenthosestoriesgetout,theymakeithardertoretainsoldiersandrecruittheminthefirstplace"Forus,it'sjustanotherseriesofneverendingdeployments,andformany,includingme,thereisonlyoneanswertothatshowmethedoorout,"wroteanofficerinaprivateemailtoCongressmanSteveRothmanofNewJerseyArmyequipmentiswearingoutevenfasterthanArmytroopsGearandweaponsareusuallyleftinthewarzonetobeusedbynewlyarrivingtroopsThatgrindstheequipmentintoscrapuptotimesasfastasinpeacetimeThelackofgunsandarmorbackhomehasaboomerangeffect:manyofthetroopstrainingintheUSarenotfamiliarwithwhatthey'llhavetodependononcetheyarriveinIraqTodayhalftheArmy'scombatbrigadesaredeployedoverseas,withtheremainderrecoveringfromtheirlatestdeploymentorpreparingforthenextoneForthefirsttimeindecades,theArmy's"readybrigade"aunitofthefamedndAirborneDivisionprimedtoparachuteintoahotspotanywhereintheworldwithinhoursisaluxurytheUSArmycannotaffordAllitsforcesarealreadydedicatedtothewarsinIraqandAfghanistanRepeatedcombattourshave"ahugeimpactonfamilies,"GeneralPeterSchoomaker,theArmychiefofstaff,toldCongressinFebruaryThosedeployedtoIraqorAfghanistanmorethanonce,sofarhaveaincreaseinacutecombatstressoverthosewhohavebeendeployedonlyonceAndthatstressiswhatcontributestoposttraumaticstressdisorder,accordingtoanArmystudy"Theirwivesaresaying,Iknowyou'reproudofwhatyou'redoing,butwe'vegottogetoutofhere,"saysBarryMcCaffrey,aretiredfourstargeneralNewDefenseSecretaryRobertGatesconcedestherearereadinessproblemsHetoldCongressMarchthatnextyear'sproposed$billiondefensebudgetthehighest,adjustedforinflation,sinceWorldWarIIwill"makeagoodstartataddressingthereadiness"issuesplaguingtheArmyHisfirstconcernbeforetakingthepostinDecemberwashissuspicion"thatourgroundforcesweren'tlargeenough,"andhehasurgedtroophikesstartingnextyearTHEWRONGKINDOFWARTheArmy'sproblemswerelonginthemaking,andtheextendeddeploymentsinIraqandAfghanistanhaveexposedthemforalltosee:morethanadecadeofunderfundingforbootsonthegroundwhilecoldwaradministrationsfromRichardNixon'stoBillClinton'sspentlavishlyonthePentagon'shightechwizardryThefirstGulfWardidn'thelpItlastedhoursontheground,wasfoughtmainlyfromtheairandreinforcedtheimpressionthatgruntsmatterlessthangeeksToday'sArmywasmoldedforpeacetimemissions,withoccasionalspasmsofalloutwar,notforthelengthyguerrillacampaignsitiswaging"FollowingVietnam,alotofthoughtfulofficerssaid,Thisisnotthekindofwarthatwewanttofight,"explainsSenatorJackReed,DemocratofRhodeIsland,aVietnameraArmyofficerCounterinsurgencywarsdidn'tplaytotheUS'sstrongsuitsuperiortechnologyandinsteaddemandedpatience,whichishardertocomebyinthiscultureEvennow,morethanfouryearsafterinvadingIraq,thePentagonseemstobeinvestingmuchofitscurrent$billionbudgetinanefforttofightthewrongwarAmerica'spotentialenemiesaroundtheworldwatchedthefirstGulfWarandlearnedthattheUSwasunbeatableonaconventionalbattlefieldButtheDefenseDepartmentlingeredinacoldwarhangoverTheAirForcecontinuestobuy$millionfighters,andtheNavy$billionsubmarines(TheArmyisnotfreeofthistendencyItwantstospend$billionontheFutureCombatSystem,anetworkofgroundvehiclesanddronesofquestionablevalueintheirregularwarfarethat'slikelyinthestcentury)GateshassecondguessedthePentagon'sspendingprioritiesandsaysheisstudyingwhethertheDefenseDepartmentisbuyingweapons"moretiedtocoldwarneedsthanfutureneeds"EvenJohnAbizaid,theoutgoingArmygeneralwhocommandedthetroopsfightinginAfghanistanandIraqforthepastthreeyears,acknowledgesthatheneverhadtherighttoolsforhismission"ThisisnotanArmythatwasbuilttosustainalongwar,"hetoldaHarvardaudiencelastfallTheforcewassostretched,hewarnedCongressatthetime,thata,strongtroopsurgeinIraqcouldnotbesustainedNowthatAbizaidisnolongerincommand,Bushhasordered,moretroopsintothefightThoseinchargedenythere'sacrisisSchoomaker,theArmy'stopgeneral,servedintheVietnameraArmy"IknowwhatanArmythat'snearbrokensmellslike,whatitlookslike,howitacts,"hesaidinJanuary"Drugproblems,raceproblems,insubordinationallkindsofthingsgoingonWe'renowherenearanythinglikethat"GeneralGeorgeCasey,whowillsucceedSchoomakerastheArmy'stopofficerApril,saidathisconfirmationhearingthat"theArmyisfarfrombroken"Thetopbrassacknowledgethattheyhavehadtohusbandtheirresources,pushingsoldiersandsuppliesintocombatandshortchangingeverythingelseleftbehindButadetailedlookattheArmy'speopleanditsgearshowsthattheinstitutionisbarelyholdingtogetherTHETROOPSARETIREDNearly,soldiersandtheirsupportersmetrecentlyinFortLauderdale,Fla,atagatheringoftheAssociationoftheUSArmy,aproArmygroupAretiredgeneralspokeprivatelyofadisconcertingchangeinrecentmonthsinthewoundedsoldiershevisitsatWalterReedArmyMedicalCenter"Eversincethewarstarted,they'dbesayingalltheywantedtodowastogetbacktotheirbuddiesinIraqtokeeponfighting,"hesaid"Nowit'smoreaboutgettingoutandwonderingaboutcivilianjobsThere'sverylittlechatteraboutrejoiningtheunit"ThatkindoffrontlinereportunnervestheArmy'shighcommandWhiletheyacknowledgethatequipmentshortfallsandfaultyplanshaveplaguedtheIraqcampaign,theyhavealwaysbeenabletoparrysuchconcernsbypointingtoGIsincludingthosewoundedinactionwhobelieveinthewarandaregunghotoreenlistThesoldiers'changeofheartisreflectedinapollbytheindependentArmyTimesInDecember,forthefirsttime,moretroopssurveyeddisapprovedofthePresident'shandlingofthewar()thanapprovedofit()Overthepasttwoyears,thenumberoftroopssurveyedwhothinkvictoryislikelyhasfallenfromtoArmysuicides,anadmittedlyroughbarometerofmorale,showasteadyincrease,risingfromconfirmedinto(plussevenpossiblesuicidesstillunderinvestigation)lastyearDesertionsareclimbingInthefield,manpowershortagesareeverywhereCaptainDavidEastburn'sartillerycompanypartofthendInfantryDivisionarrivedforitssecondtourinIraqwithonlyofitspersonnelslotsfilled"Itjustputsextrapressureonus,"Eastburn,,saysofhistroopsduringapatrolinsoutheasternBaghdad"Theyhavetoworklonger,hardertomakeupforthelackofpersonnel"Aftertrainingtofiretheartillery'sbiggunsatfoesmilesaway,hisunitispullinginfantryduty"IlovetheArmy,"theyearveteran,anativeofColumbus,Ohio,says,"butIhatethiswar"LOWERINGTHESTANDARDSForitspart,theBushAdministrationboastsofitsplantopermanentlyboosttheArmyby,troops,to,,overthenextfiveyearsGordonSullivan,aretiredArmychiefofstaffandheadoftheAssociationoftheUSArmy,saystheservice'ssize"shouldbeapproaching,"todothejobthenationexpectsofitButwherewillsuchnumberscomefromTrue,theArmyismakingitsrecruitingtargetsbutonlybyacceptinglessqualifiedpeopleRecruitsfromtheleastskilledcategoryhaveclimbedeightfold,tonearly,overthepasttwoyearsJusthadhighschooldiplomaslastyear,asharpdropfrominThepasttwoyearshavebeenthefirstinadecadeinwhichtheArmymissedthePentagongoalofwithdiplomas(TheresthaveGEDs)TheArmyhasboostedthemaximumenlistmentagefromtobutofrecruitsoverdropoutwithinsixmonths,doubletherateforyoungersoldiersToboostitsnumbers,theArmyhashadtocutitsstandardsItgrantedrecruitsnearlytwiceasmanywaiversforfeloniesandotherpersonalshortcomingsinasitdidinSuchwaiversallowprospectswithcriminalrecords,medicalproblemsorpooraptitudescorestoenlistTheyclimbedfrom,into,lastyear,PentagondatashowOneresponsetodifficultiesinrecruitment:stoppeoplefromleavingSergeantIsaiahSantopoaloisoneof,soldierswhohavebeenbarredfromquittingtheArmybyastoplossorderthatkeepsGIsinuniformbeyondtheirretirementdateortheendoftheirenlistmentobligationSince,theArmyhasdenieddeparturesfortroopsheadedtooralreadyinIraqorAfghanistanasawaytopromotecontinuityinfightingunits"Idefinitelywanttogetout,"saysSantopoalo,,oftherdCavalryRegimentoutsideBaqubah,mileseastofBaghdadThreeweeksbeforehisenlistmentwasuplastyear,theArmyorderedhimtoIraqforasecondtourHehadbeenplanningtolivewithhiswifeinChicagoandattendfilmschoolbynowInstead,SantopoalostalksSunniinsurgentsthroughthepalmgroves"YoustarttothinkaboutwhatlifecouldbesittingonabeachdrinkingaCorona,"hesays"That'swhenitaffectsyou"TheArmyhasbeenturningtoitssisterservicesforenlisteesAbout,"sandboxsailors"fromtheNavyandairmenfromtheAirForceareservingas"inlieuof"soldiersdrivingtrucksandprovidingsecurityinIraqandAfghanistanDedicatingAirForcepersonneltoArmymissionsishurtingtheAirForce,itslead

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时代周刊(英文版)

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