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首页 英语定语从句

英语定语从句

英语定语从句

铖欹
2009-03-22 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语定语从句ppt》,可适用于其他资料领域

定语从句用作定语的从句叫定语从句。定语从句所修饰的名(代)词叫作先行词。定语从句一般紧跟在先行词的后面。Thestudents(whodon’tstudyhard)willnotpass先行词定语从句theexam主句:ThestudentswillnotpasstheexamThewoman(whomyousawinthepark)isour先行词定语从句Englishteacher主句:ThewomanisourEnglishteacher从句的主语:you从句的宾语:whomAshoeshopisashop(whichsellsshoes)主句:Ashoeshopisashop从句的主语:whichThebook(thatyouwant)isonthedesk主句从句的主语:从句的宾语:Thebookisonthedeskyouthat引导定语从句的关系代词常见的有that,which,whowhom等。关系代词放在先行词和定语从句之间起连接作用同时又作定语从句的一个成份。Theman(thatwhotoldusafunnystory)isinthenextroom主语Ilostthebook((thatwhich)yougaveme)宾语归纳:that,即指人又指物作主语或宾语。which,指物作主语或宾语。who,whom指人,who作主语,whom作宾语。that,which,whom在定语从句中作宾语时可省去。)Aplaneisamachinecanfly)Thecarmyuncleboughtlastweekwasstolen)Thestudentsdon’tstudyhardwillnotpasstheexam)ThewomanyousawintheparkisourEnglishteacher)HetalkedhappilyaboutthemenandbooksinterestedhimgreatlyintheschoolwhichthatwhichthatwhothatwhomthatthatThatbookthatyouwantitisonthedeskIsthisfactorythatwevisitedlastweektheoneThisfactoryistheonethatwevisitedlastweekHeisthepersonforwhomyouarelookingforThepersontowhomyoutalkedisLilyThepersonwhomyoutalkedtoisLily归纳:定语从句要避免成分重复定语从句要避免漏用先行词含有介词的短语动词一般不拆开Jointwosentencesintoone:TheboyismybrotherHehelpedmeTheboywhohelpedmeismybrotherThefilmisinterestingTheysawitlastnightThefilmtheysawlastnightisinterestingThestudentswillnotpasstheexamTheydon’tworkhardThestudentswhodon’tworkhardwillnotpasstheexamFillintheblanksIstillrememberthedaywespentintheforestIstillrememberthedayIfirstcametoBeijingThefactorywewillvisitislargeThefactoryhisfatherworksislargeI’llneverforgetthetimeweworkonthefarmThisisthehousewelivedlastyearthatwhichwhenonwhichthatwhichwherewhenatwhichwhereinwhich归纳:关系副词when指时间,关系副词where指地点,在定语从句中作状语。即使先行词是时间地点,若作从句中的宾语只能用关系代词that,whichFillinthegaps:TheterribletyphoonkilledthepeopleandcattlewereinthefieldsThewindblewdownthetallesttreeisinfrontofourschoolgateThisistheverythingIwaslookingforThisisthesecondnovelIhaveeverreadThereisnothingintheworldcanfrightenmeWhoisthemanisreadingunderthetreeMyhometownisnotthesameoneitusedtobetwentyyearsagothatthatthatthatthatthatthat以下情况只能用that先行词既有指人又有指物当先行词前有序数词或形容词最高级时有theonly,thevery,thelast,thefirst,thesame等修饰时先行词是all,much,little,few,anything,nothingsomething,everything等不定代词主句是以whowhichwhat开头的特殊疑问句时当先行词在定语从句中作表语时Corrections:ThemanjustsaidhellotomeismychemistryteacherwhoWhoisthecomradeyoujustshookhandswithhimEgyptisacountrywhereisfamousforitspyramids(wherewhich)ThisisthebestdictionarywhichIhaveeverused(whichthat)Thehousewhereweliveinisnotverylarge(wherewhichthat)Thehousethatitwasbuiltinstayedupintheearthquake“介词+关系代词”即“介词+whomwhich”引导定语从句应注意:介词的选用至少要考虑以下的两个因素A与先行词的搭配关系)IwillneverforgetthedayIjoinedthearmy)IwillneverforgetthedaysIworkedintheschool)Iwillneverforgettheyearmysonwenttocollege)Igothomeat:pmyesterday,mostpeoplehadhadsupperonwhichduringwhichinwhichbywhichB与谓语动词的搭配习惯)HaveyoufoundthebookIpaidUSdollars)HaveyoufoundthebookIspentUSdollars)Haveyoufoundthebookwelearntalot)Haveyoufoundthebooksheoftentalksforwhichonwhichfromwhichaboutwhich“介词+whomwhich”与“whomwhichthat…+介词”的转换。)ThechaironwhichsheissittingismadeofwoodThechair(whichthat)sheissittingonismadeofwood)Isthisthebookwhichyouarelookingfor介词for不能与look分开。way作先行词)Theway(inwhichthat)helooksattheproblemsiswrong表所有关系及整体中的一部分或全部时用介词of,有时可用whose转换。)Thereareteachersinourschool,arewomenteachers)Hehasthreechildren,twoworkasteachers)Thattablehasfourlegs,allareveryshort)I’mpaintingahouse,theroofisroundI’mpaintingahousewhoseroofis)Theyliveinahouse,windowsfacesouthTheyliveinahouse,thewindowsfacesouthofwhomofwhomofwhichofwhichwhoseofwhich用介词+关系代词填空TheboywasstayingintheroomwindowhecouldclimbdownHe’sthemanIlearntthenewsWho’sthecomradeyoujustshookhandsTherearestudentsinourclass,nearlyareLeaguemembersIknowaladythehusbandisaNobelPrizewinnerDoyouknowthedriverwhocausedthetrafficaccidentamanwaskilledThisisthewayshestudiesEnglishthroughwhosefromwhomwithwhomofwhomofwhominwhichinwhichTheyuanheboughtthebookwasgivenbyhisfriendThestoryaboutShakespeare,thisisoneexample,iswellwrittenTheoldmanalwayswearshisglasseshecan’tseeanythingThekeyshewasopeningthedoorbrokeThelibraryweoftengoonSundaysisnotfarfromourschoolNooneknowthereasonsheisleavingsoearlyAtlasttheycametoariveranewbridgeisbeingbuiltforwhichofwhichwithoutwhichwithwhichtowhichforwhichoverwhich关系代词引导的定语从句:Completethefollowingsentences:IsthistheschoolyouvisitedlastyearIsthisschoolyouvisitedlastyearHeisoneofthestudentswhogoodatmathsHeistheonlyoneofthestudentswhogoodatmathsThegirlIthinkwashonestliedtomeThegirlIthinktobehonestliedtomeChinaisnolongershewasyearsagoChinaisnolongerthecountryshewasyearsago(thatwhich)theoneareiswhowhomwhatthatTheradioIboughtyesterdayisquitedifferentfromyouboughtlastmonthTheradioIboughtyesterdayisquitedifferentfromyouboughtlastmonthDoyoustillrememberthehotelwelivedlastsummerholidayDoyoustillremembertheparkwevisitedlastsummerholidayThisistheroommygrandmotherusedtolivedinThisistheroommygrandmotherusedtolivedtheonewhatinwhich(thatwhich)(whichthat)inwhichHehastwosons,andbothofworkasactorsHehastwosons,bothofworkasactorsChinahashundredsofislands,TaiwanisthelargestChinahashundredsofislands,thelargestisTaiwanThisisthehousethewindowwasbrokenyesterdayThisisthehousewindowwasbrokenyesterdayHeistheteacherhelpwehavemadegreatprogressthemwhomofwhichofwhichofwhichwhosewithwhose

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