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首页 现在完成时

现在完成时

现在完成时

上传者: jasmine0482 2009-03-21 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《现在完成时doc》,可适用于初中教育领域,主题内容包含ThePresentPerfectTense一现在完成时的构成:主语havehas过去分词(过去分词:规则动词的过去分词构成与动词过去式相同不规则动符等。

ThePresentPerfectTense一现在完成时的构成:主语havehas过去分词(过去分词:规则动词的过去分词构成与动词过去式相同不规则动词需要特殊记忆。-略)      Exercises选择填空()IEnghishinthisschoolsince(A)taught(B)havetaught(C)tea(D)wouldteach()Lileithepenforfiveyears(A)hashad(B)bought(C)havehad(D)havebought()Katehergrandmother'sphotobefore(A)haven'tseen(B)haveseen(C)see(D)hasn'tseen()Maryyouthesedays(A)Has,seen(B)Do,see(C)Did,see(D)Is,seeing()sofar,wethousandsofBuildinginQuanzhou(A)build(B)havebuild(C)build(D)willbuild二、否定式:主语haven’thasn’t过去分词。      疑问式:HaveHas主语过去分词      简略答语:Yes,主语havehas(肯定)         No,主语haven’thasn’t(否定) Exercises选择填空()Haveyoufinishedyourwork(A)Yes,Ihave(B)Yes,Ido(C)Yes,Iam(D)Yes,Idid()HassheeverlearnedEnglish(A)Yes,shehas(B)Yes,shedoes(C)No,shedoesn’t(D)No,shehas()Hefinishedhishomeworkyet(A)doesn’t(B)haven’t(C)hasn’t(D)doesn’thave三现在完成时的含义之一表示过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果常与nevereverjustalreadyyetbefore。sofar等连用。这些标志词可以表达这种含义以already,just和yet为标志already,just和yet表示到现在为止动作或状态已经、刚刚或还没有发生。Hehasalreadygotherhelp   Hehasjustseenthefilm     Hehasn’tcomebackyet。 以ever和never为标志      ever和never表示到现在为止动作或状态曾经或从来没有发生过。      ThisisthebestfilmIhave everseen    HehasneverbeentoBeijing  以动作发生的次数为标志      若某一动作到现在为止已经发生了若干次,则要使用现在完成时。    HesayshehasbeentotheUSAthreetimes 以sofar为标志      sofar往往表示到目前为止动作或状态已经发生。      HehasgottoBeijingsofarShehaspassedtheexamsofarnevereverjustalreadyyetbefore。sofar的用法(略)Exercises选择填空()HaveyoutravelledonthetrainYes,Ihave(A)never(B)ever(C)just(D)yet()HaveyoufinishedyourhomeworkNot(A)ever(B)already(C)yet(D)just()Wehaven'tfinishedourhomework(A)already(B)ever(C)yet(D)never()HaveyoulearnedEnglishYes,I'velearnedalot(A)never,ever(B)ever,never(C)ever,already(D)alreadyever()HaveyoufinihedyourhomeworkYes,I'vedonethat(A)yet,already(B)already,yet(C)ever,never(D)still,just()John'sfatherborrowedsomepictures(A)havealready(B)hasjust(C)haveever(D)hasyet四、现在完成时含义之二表示过去已经开始,一直延续到现在的动作或状态。常与for,since,howlong,,thesedays等连用。Since过去点的时间(since短语或从句表示过去的动作延续至今since之后的时间为一点)MrSmithhasworkedheresinceHe’slearnedabout,Englishwordssincehewenttocollegefor一段时间(数词量词)(for短语表示动作延续多长时间for的宾语为时间段)。此划线部分用howlong提问。WehaveknowneachotherfortwentyyearsIhaven’tseenherforalongtimeExercisesA)用since和for填空)twoyears)twoyearsago)lastmonth))yesterday)o’clock)hours)anhourago)wewerechildren)lunchtime)shelefthereB)用since和for填空HehaslivedinNanjingtheyearbeforelastI’veknownhimwewerechildrenOurteacherhasstudiedJapanesethreeyearsShehasbeenawayfromthecityabouttenyearsIt’sabouttenyearssheleftthecityC)选择填空()I'vebeenlikethiseversnice(A)lastweek(B)foraweek(C)aweekbefore(D)thelastweek()Mymotherhasworkedinthisfactoryyears(A)about(B)for(C)in(D)since()Ihaven'theardfromhimlastweek(A)since(B)for(C)ago(D)before()Hisfatherjoinedtheparty(A)forthreeyears(B)sincethreeyearsago(C)threeyearsago(D)intwoyears'time()Hemovedherein,andhehasbeenhere(A)atthattime(B)forfiveyearsago(C)sincefouryears(D)forfouryears()Tomhasbeenawayfromhomeaboutfivedaysago(A)(B)in(C)since(D)for五、句式:主句(现在完成时)+since从句(一般过去时)Exercies选择填空()sheEnghishinourschooleversinceshehere(A)hastaught,come(B)taught,came(C)hastaught,hascome(D)teaches,hascome()OurEnghishteacherinourschoolsincehetoChina(A)hastaughtcome(B)taught,…come(C)hastaught,hascome(D)teaches,has…come()SheinQuanzhousinceshebornin(A)haslived,hasbeen(B)haslived,was(C)lived,hasbeen(D)lived,was六、句式:It’s+一段时间+since从句(用一般过去时)Exercies选择填空()It’stenyearssinceshe(A)hasleft(B)hasbeenaway(C)left(D)leave()It’sthreeyearssincehethearmy(A)hasjoined(B)hasbeenin(C)join(D)joined七、havebeenin,havebeento与havegoneto的用法have(has)beenin表示“在某地呆多长时间”常与表示一段时间的状语连用如:since,for,howlong等。例如:MrBrownhasbeeninShanghaiforthreedays此外还有这些搭配:havebeenhere(there)athome(school)onthefarmhavebeenhere(there)abroadhave(has)beento表示“曾经去过某地”现在已经不在那里了。可与just,ever,never等连用IhavejustbeentothepostofficeMaryhasneverbeentotheGreatWallHaveyoueverbeentoHangzhouhave(has)beento后面可接次数表示去过某地几次。:IhavebeentoBeijingthreetimes。Theyhavebeentothatvillageseveraltimeshave(has)goneto意为“到某地去了”表示到了某地或正在去某地的途中。总之说话时该人不在现场一般不用第一、第二人称代词作句子的主语。WhereisTomHehasgonetothebookshop。JackJohnsonhasgonetoLondonExercisesA)用have(has)been或have(has)gone填空。A:WhereLiFeiB:HetoHainanIslandA:HowlonghethereB:HethereforthreedaysA:Whenwillhecomeback,doyouknowB:I’mafraidhewon’tcomebackrecentlyA:CouldyoutellmethewaytoHainanIslandB:Sorry,IneverthereA:HowmanytimesLiFeitothatplaceB:HethereonlyonceB)用havehasbeentoin,havegoneto的各种形式填空。)WhereisJackHehiscountry)Davidtheparkjustnow)JohnEnglandsincehecameback)Howlonghavethisvillage)TheSmithsBeijingforyears)youeverAmericaYes,Itheremanytimes)Ithisschoolsincethreeyearsago)WhereisJimHethefarmC)选择填空()Mrswhitesisn'there,sheLondon,shetheremanytimes(A)hasbeento,went(B)hasgoneto,hasbeen(C)wentto,hasgone(D)hasbeento,hasgone()ShehastoBeijingtwice(A)gone(B)got(C)been(D)come()whereyourfather,LiLeiToBeijing(A)have,been(B)has,been(C)have,gone(D)has,gone()MrGreenisn'tintheoffice,Hetothelibrary(A)hasgone(B)went(C)hasbeen(D)willgo()MrsmithtoTokyoandhewillbebackinaweek(A)hasbeen(B)hasvisited(C)hassent(D)hasgone()TheyChinafortwoyears(A)havebeento(B)havebeenin(c)havegoneto(D)havecometo八、现在完成时的反意疑问句【have(n’t)has(n’t)+代词】Exercises选择填空()Jim'sbeentotheGreatwallbefore,(A)isn't(B)wasn't(C)hasn't(D)doesn't()She'sneverbeentoEngland,she(A)has(B)hasn't(C)isn't(D)is九、Howlong与现在完成时Exercies选择填空()haveyoubeenhereSincelastyear(A)Howfar(B)Howlong(C)Howoften(D)Howsoon()hasHanmeibeeninthelibrary(A)Howlong(B)Howsoon(C)Howfar(D)Howoften()Howlonghethelibrarybook(A)has,borrow(B)has,kept(C)has,bought(D)did,buy十、短暂性转换延续性ExercisesA)按要求把短暂性转换为延续性动词arriveatinswgettoreachswcomegomovetoswbeinswatschoolathomeonthefarmbeherebethere)HegottoBeijingfiveminutesagoHeBeijingfor)ImovedtotheUSAlastyearItheUSAsince)IwenthomeyesterdayIhomefor)TheycameherelastweekTheyheresincecomegoback,returnbebackcomegooutbeout)HecameouttwoyearsagoHefor)WereturntoFuzhouyesterdayWetoFuzhousincebecomebe)IbecameateacherinIateacherfor)TheriverbecamedirtylastyearTheriverdirtyforclosebeclosedopenbeopen)TheshopclosedtwohoursagoTheshopfor)ThedooropenedatsixinthemorningThedoorforsixhoursgetupbeupdiebedeadleaveswbeawayfromswfallasleepgettotsleepbeasleepfinishendbeovermarrybemarried)IgotuptwohoursagoIsince)HeleftFuzhoujustnowHeFuzhouforfiveminutes)MygrandpadiedinMygrandpafor)ThemeetingfinishedatsixThemeetingforsixhours)IgottosleeptwohoursagoIsince)TheymarriedinTheysincestartbegintodosthdosthbeginbeon)IbegantoteachatthisschoolinIatthisschoolsince)ThefilmbegantwominutesagoThefilmforborrowkeeplosenothavebuyhaveputonwearcatchgetacoldhaveacoldgettoknowknow)TheyborroweditlastweekTheyitsince)IboughtapentwohoursagoIapenfor)IgottoknowhimlastyearIhimsince)IputonmyglassesthreeyearsagoImyglassesforhavehasgonetohavebeenin)HehasgonetoBeijingHeBeijingfortwodaysjointheleaguethePartythearmybealeagueaPartymemberasoldierbeamemberoftheleaguethePartybeintheleaguethePartythearmy)HejoinedtheleagueinHeafortwoyearsHeathefortwoyearsHetheleaguefortwoyears)MybrotherjoinedthearmytwoyearsagoMybrotheraforMybrotherinfortwoyearsB)汉译英)这本字典我已买了三年了。)他离开中国三年了。)我认识他们五年了。)他们已去了美国五年了。)自从他搬到福州他就住这儿了。)他们已经结婚年。)我妹妹成为一个大学生已经三年。)这会已开了多长时间了?)这门已经关了两天了。)我入团年了。ItwoyearsagoIafortwoyearsIaoffortwoyearsIthefortwoyears)自从年以来他们就认识。)我来到农场已年了。C)选择填空()HowlongcanIthisbookTwoweeks(A)borrow(B)keep(C)lend(D)return()Herfatherinandherhusbandformorethanfiveyears(A)died,dead(B)hasdied,dead(C)died,hasbeendead(D)hasdied,hasdied()Ihavethisnicewatchfortwoyears(A)had(B)bought(C)borrowed(D)lend()Hehishomefortenyears(A)hasleft(B)leftfrom(C)hasbeenawayfrom(D)wasawayfrom()Healeaguemenberforthreeyears(A)is(B)hasbeen(C)hasbecome(D)havebecome()Lihua'sbrotherhasfortwoyears(A)joinedthearmy(B)beenanarmy(C)becomeasoldier(D)beeninthearmy()Hehasn'tQuanzhoueversinceheleftschool(A)left(B)beenaway(C)been(D)away十一、现在完成时与一般过去时的用法比较现在完成时表示过去的动作一直延续到现在甚至会继续下去或表示过去的动作对现在造成的影响一般过去时表示动作发生的时间在过去。试比较:Theplanehasarrived飞机已经来了。(说明现在的情况:飞机在这儿)Theplanearrivedaquarterago飞机是一刻中以前来的。(强调动作发生的时间在过去)Ihavetaughthereforfifteenyears我在这儿已经教了十五年。(表示十五年前的动作一直延续到现在还可能会继续。)Itaughthereforayear我过去在这儿教过一年。(表示“我“现在已经不在这儿任教了)When常与与一般过去时连用Howlong常与与现在完成时连用WhendidyoucometoBeijingHowlonghaveyoubeeninBeijingExercises选择填空()HaveyoufinsheedyourhomeworkYes,Iitlastnight(A)finish(B)finished(C)havefinished(D)willfinish()youevertoNanjingYes,Itherelastyear(A)Have…gone,havegone(B)Have…been,went(C)Did…go,went(D)Did…go,has,been()WhenyouLucyinNewYorkIherefortwoyears(A)did…meet,have'tseen(B)did…meet,haven'tseen(C)did…meet,don'tsee(D)would…meet,hadn'tseen()whenyoutoBeijingHowlongyouhere(A)have…come,have…keen(B)did…come,have…keen(C)did…come,did…go(D)did…come,have…gone

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