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首页 考研英语(2009版)--完型填空(冲刺)讲义【考研邦】

考研英语(2009版)--完型填空(冲刺)讲义【考研邦】

考研英语(2009版)--完型填空(冲刺)讲义【考研邦】

考研邦
2009-03-07 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《考研英语(2009版)--完型填空(冲刺)讲义【考研邦】pdf》,可适用于高等教育领域

考研邦wwwkaoyanbangnetQQ:考研英语冲刺班完型填空讲义主讲:李玉技欢迎使用新东方在线电子教材新题型历年真题年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试页PartBDirections:Inthefollowingtext,somesentenceshavebeenremovedForQuestions,choosethemostsuitableonefromthelistAGtofitintoeachofthenumberedblanksTherearetwoextrachoices,whichdonotfitinanyofthegapsMarkyouranswersonANSWERSHEET(points)Canada’spremiers(theleadersofprovincialgovernments),iftheyhaveanybreathleftaftercomplainingaboutOttawaattheirlateJulyannualmeeting,mightspareamomenttodosomething,together,toreducehealthcarecostsThey’reallgroaningaboutsoaringhealthbudgets,thefastestgrowingcomponentofwhicharepharmaceuticalcostsWhattodoBoththeRomanowcommissionandtheKirbycommitteeonhealthcaretosaynothingofreportsfromotherexpertsrecommendedthecreationofanationaldrugagencyInsteadofeachprovincehavingitsownlistofapproveddrugs,bureaucracy,proceduresandlimitedbargainingpower,allwouldpoolresources,workwithOttawa,andcreateanationalinstitutionBut“national”doesn’thavetomeanthat“National”couldmeaninterprovincialprovincescombiningeffortstocreateonebodyEitherway,onebenefitofa“national”organizationwouldbetonegotiatebetterprices,ifpossible,withdrugmanufacturersInsteadofhavingoneprovinceoraseriesofhospitalswithinaprovincenegotiateapriceforagivendrugontheprovinciallist,thenationalagencywouldnegotiateonbehalfofallprovincesRatherthan,say,Quebec,negotiatingonbehalfofsevenmillionpeople,thenationalagency更多最新各大辅导班考研视频资料请到wwwkaoyanbangnetAdministrator新建图章考研邦wwwkaoyanbangnetQQ:wouldnegotiateonbehalfofmillionpeopleBasiceconomicssuggeststhegreaterthepotentialconsumers,thehigherthelikelihoodofabetterpriceAsmallstephasbeentakeninthedirectionofanationalagencywiththecreationoftheCanadianCoordinatingOfficeforHealthTechnologyAssessment,fundedbyOttawaandtheprovincesUnderit,aCommonDrugReviewrecommendstoprovinciallistswhichnewdrugsshouldbeincludedPredictably,andregrettably,QuebecrefusedtojoinAfewpremiersaresuspiciousofanyfederalprovincialdealmakingThey(particularlyQuebecandAlberta)justwantOttawatoforkoveradditionalbillionswithfew,ifany,stringsattachedThat’sonereasonwhytheideaofanationallisthasn’tgoneanywherewhiledrugcostskeeprisingfastPremierslovetoquoteMrRomanow’sreportselectively,especiallythepartsaboutmorefederalmoneyPerhapstheyshouldreadwhathehadtosayaboutdrugs:“Anationaldrugagencywouldprovidegovernmentsmoreinfluenceonpharmaceuticalcompaniesinordertoconstraintheeverincreasingcostofdrugs”SowhenthepremiersgatherinNiagaraFallstoassembletheirusualcomplaintlist,theyshouldalsogetcrackingaboutsomethingintheirjurisdictionthatwouldhelptheirbudgetsandpatientsAQuebec’sresistancetoanationalagencyisprovincialistideologyOneofthefirstadvocatesforanationallistwasaresearcheratLavalUniversityQuebec’sDrugInsuranceFundhasseenitscostsskyrocketwithannualincreasesfrompercenttopercent!BOrtheycouldreadMrKirby’sreport:“thesubstantialbuyingpowerofsuchanagencywouldstrengthenthepublicprescriptiondruginsuranceplanstonegotiatethelowestpossiblepurchasepricesfromdrugcompanies”CWhatdoes“national”meanRoyRomanowandSenatorMichaelKirbyrecommendedafederalprovincialbodymuchliketherecentlycreatedNationalHealthCouncilDTheproblemissimpleandstark:healthcarecostshavebeen,are,andwillcontinuetoincreasefasterthangovernmentrevenuesEAccordingtotheCanadianInstituteforHealthInformation,prescriptiondrugcostshaverisensinceattwicetherateofoverallhealthcarespendingPartoftheincreasecomesfromdrugsbeingusedtoreplaceotherkindsoftreatmentsPartofitarisesfromnewdrugscostingmorethanolderkindsPartofitishigherpricesFSo,iftheprovinceswanttorunthehealthcareshow,theyshouldprovetheycanrunit,startingwithaninterprovincialhealthlistthatwouldendduplication,saveadministrativecosts,preventoneprovincefrombeingplayedoffagainstanother,andbargainforbetterdrugpricesGOfcoursethepharmaceuticalcompanieswillscreamTheylikedividedbuyerstheycanlobbybetterthatwayTheycanusethethreatofremovingjobsfromoneprovincetoanotherTheycanhopethat,ifoneprovinceincludesadrugonitslist,thepressurewillcauseotherstoincludeitontheirsTheywouldn’tlikeanationalagency,butselfinterestwouldleadthemtodealwithit年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试OnthenorthbankoftheOhioRiversitsEvansville,Ind,homeofDavidWilliams,,andofa更多最新各大辅导班考研视频资料请到wwwkaoyanbangnet考研邦wwwkaoyanbangnetQQ:riverboatcasinowheregamblinggamesareplayedDuringseveralyearsofgamblinginthatcasino,Williams,astateauditorearning$,ayear,lostapproximately$,Hehadnevergambledbeforethecasinosenthimacouponfor$worthofgamblingHevisitedthecasino,lostthe$andleftOnhissecondvisithelost$Thecasinoissuedtohim,asagoodcustomer,aFunCard,whichwhenusedinthecasinoearnspointsformealsanddrinks,andenablesthecasinototracktheuser’sgamblingactivitiesForWilliams,theseactivitiesbecomewhathecallselectronicmorphine()Inhelost$,tooneslotmachineintwodaysInMarchhelost$,Hesometimesplayedtwoslotmachinesatatime,allnight,untiltheboatlockedatam,thenwentbackaboardwhenthecasinoopenedatamNowheissuingthecasino,chargingthatitshouldhaverefusedhispatronagebecauseitknewhewasaddictedItdidknowhehadaproblemInMarch,afriendofWilliams’sgothiminvoluntarilyconfinedtoatreatmentcenterforaddictions,andwrotetoinformthecasinoofWilliams’sgamblingproblemsThecasinoincludedaphotoofWilliamsamongthoseofbannedgamblers,andwrotetohima“ceaseadmissions”letterNotingthemedicalpsychologicalnatureofproblemgamblingbehaviors,thelettersaidthatbeforebeingreadmittedtothecasinohewouldhavetopresentmedicalpsychologicalinformationdemonstratingthatpatronizingthecasinowouldposenothreattohissafetyorwellbeing()TheWallStreetJournalreportsthatthecasinohassignswarning:“Enjoythefunandalwaysbetwithyourhead,notoverit”EveryentranceticketlistsatollfreenumberforcounselingfromtheIndianaDepartmentofMentalHealthNevertheless,Williams’ssuitchargesthatthecasino,knowinghewas“helplesslyaddictedtogambling,”intentionallyworkedto“lure”himto“engageinconductagainsthiswill”Well()ThefourtheditionoftheDiagnosticandStatisticalManualofMentalDisorders(DSMIV)says“pathologicalgambling”involvespersistent,recurringanduncontrollablepursuitlessofmoneythanofthrilloftakingrisksinquestofawindfall()Pushedbyscience,orwhatclaimstobescience,societyisreclassifyingwhatoncewereconsideredcharacterflawsormoralfailingsaspersonalitydisordersakintophysicaldisabilities()Fortyfourstateshavelotteries,havecasinos,andmostofthesestatesaretovaryingdegreesdependentonyoumightsayaddictedtorevenuesfromwageringAndsincethefirstInternetgamblingsitewascreatedin,competitionforgamblers’dollarshasbecomeintenseTheOctissueofNewsweekreportedthatmilliongamblerspatronize,virtualcasinoseveryweekWith$billionbeinglostonInternetwagersthisyear,gamblinghaspassedpornographyastheWeb’smostprofitablebusinessAAlthoughnosuchevidencewaspresented,thecasino’smarketingdepartmentcontinuedtopepperhimwithmailingsAndheenteredthecasinoandusedhisFunCardwithoutbeingdetectedBItisunclearwhatluringwasrequired,givenhiscompulsivebehaviorAndinwhatsensewashiswilloperativeCBythetimehehadlost$,hesaidtohimselfthatifhecouldgetbacktoeven,hewould更多最新各大辅导班考研视频资料请到wwwkaoyanbangnet考研邦wwwkaoyanbangnetQQ:quitOnenighthewon$,,buthedidnotquitDGamblinghasbeenacommonfeatureofAmericanlifeforever,butforalongtimeitwasbroadlyconsideredasin,orasocialdiseaseNowitisasocialpolicy:themostimportantandaggressivepromoterofgamblinginAmericaisgovernmentEDavidWilliams’ssuitshouldtroublethisgamblingnationButdon’tbetonitFItisworrisomethatsocietyismedicalizingmoreandmorebehavioralproblems,oftendefiningasaddictionswhatearlier,sternergenerationsexplainedasweaknessofwillGTheanonymous,lonely,undistractednatureofonlinegamblingisespeciallyconductivetocompulsivebehaviorButevenifthegovernmentknewhowtomoveagainstInternetgambling,whatwouldbeitsgroundsfordoingso年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试PartBDirections:Inthefollowingarticle,somesentenceshavebeenremovedForQuestions,choosethemostsuitableonefromthelistAGtofitintoeachofthenumberedblanksTherearetwoextrachoices,whichdonotfitinanyoftheblanksMarkyouranswersonANSWERSHEET(points)Thetimeforsharpeningpencils,arrangingyourdesk,anddoingalmostanythingelseinsteadofwritinghasendedThefirstdraftwillappearonthepageonlyifyoustopavoidingtheinevitableandsit,standup,orliedowntowrite()BeflexibleYouroutlineshouldsmoothlyconductyoufromonepointtothenext,butdonotpermitittorailroadyouIfarelevantandimportantideaoccurstoyounow,workitintothedraft()Grammar,punctuation,andspellingcanwaituntilyoureviseConcentrateonwhatyouaresayingGoodwritingmostoftenoccurswhenyouareinhotpursuitofanidearatherthaninanervoussearchforerrors()Yourpageswillbeeasiertokeeptrackofthatway,and,ifyouhavetoclipaparagraphtoplaceitelsewhere,youwillnotloseanywritingontheothersideIfyouareworkingonawordprocessor,youcantakeadvantageofitscapacitytomakeadditionsanddeletionsaswellasmoveentireparagraphsbymakingjustafewsimplekeyboardcommandsSomesoftwareprogramscanalsocheckspellingandcertaingrammaticalelementsinyourwriting()TheseprintoutsarealsoeasiertoreadthanthescreenwhenyouworkonrevisionsOnceyouhaveafirstdraftonpaper,youcandeletematerialthatisunrelatedtoyourthesisandaddmaterialnecessarytoillustrateyourpointsandmakeyourpaperconvincingThestudentwhowrote"TheAPasaStateofMind"wiselydroppedaparagraphthatquestionedwhetherSammydisplayschauvinisticattitudestowardwomen()RememberthatyourinitialdraftisonlythatYoushouldgothroughthepapermanytimesandthenagainworkingtosubstantiateandclarifyyourideasYoumayevenendupwithseveralentireversionsofthepaperRewriteThesentenceswithineachparagraphshouldberelatedtoasingletopicTransitionsshouldconnectoneparagraphtothenextsothattherearenoabruptorconfusingshiftsAwkwardorwordyphrasingorunclearsentencesandparagraphsshouldbemercilesslypokedandproddedintoshapeATomakerevisingeasier,leavewidemarginsandextraspacebetweenlinessothatyou更多最新各大辅导班考研视频资料请到wwwkaoyanbangnet考研邦wwwkaoyanbangnetQQ:caneasilyaddwords,sentences,andcorrectionsWriteononlyonesideofthepaperBAfteryouhaveclearlyandadequatelydevelopedthebodyofyourpaper,payparticularattentiontotheintroductoryandconcludingparagraphsIt'sprobablybesttowritetheintroductionlast,afteryouknowpreciselywhatyouareintroducingConcludingparagraphsdemandequalattentionbecausetheyleavethereaderwithafinalimpressionCIt'sworthremembering,however,thatthoughacleancopyfreshoffaprintermaylookterrific,itwillreadonlyaswellasthethinkingandwritingthathavegoneintoitManywritersprudentlystoretheirdataondisksandprinttheirpageseachtimetheyfinishadrafttoavoidlosinganymaterialbecauseofpowerfailuresorotherproblemsDItmakesnodifferencehowyouwrite,justsoyoudoNowthatyouhavedevelopedatopicintoatentativethesis,youcanassembleyournotesandbegintofleshoutwhateveroutlineyouhavemadeEAlthoughthisisaninterestingissue,ithasnothingtodowiththethesis,whichexplainshowthesettinginfluencesSammy'sdecisiontoquithisjobInsteadofincludingthatparagraph,sheaddedonethatdescribedLengel'scrabbedresponsetothegirlssothatshecouldleaduptotheAP"policy"heenforcesFInthefinalparagraphaboutthesignificanceofthesettingin"AP,"thestudentbringstogetherthereasonsSammyquithisjobbyreferringtohisrefusaltoacceptLengel'sstorepoliciesGByusingthefirstdraftasameansofthinkingaboutwhatyouwanttosay,youwillverylikelydiscovermorethanyournotesoriginallysuggestedPlentyofgoodwritersdon'tuseoutlinesatallbutdiscoverorderingprinciplesastheywriteDonotattempttocomposeaperfectlycorrectdraftthefirsttimearound模拟题二AlbertEinsteinwhosetheoriesonspacetimeandmatterhelpedunravelthesecretsoftheatomandoftheuniversewaschosenas“PersonoftheCentury”byTimemagazineonSundayAmanwhoseverynameissynonymouswithscientificgeniusEinsteinhascometorepresentmorethananyotherpersonthefloweringofthcenturyscientificthoughtthatsetthestagefortheageoftechnology“TheworldhaschangedfarmoreinthepastyearsthaninanyothercenturyinhistoryThereasonisnotpoliticaloreconomicbuttechnologicaltechnologiesthatfloweddirectlyfromadvancesinbasicscience”wrotetheoreticalphysicistStephenHawkinginaTimeessayexplainingEinstein'ssignificanceTimechoseasrunnerupPresidentFranklinRoosevelttorepresentthetriumphoffreedomanddemocracyoverfascismandMahatmaGandhiasaniconforacenturywhencivilandhumanrightsbecamecrucialfactorsinglobalpolitics“WhatwesawFranklinRooseveltembodyingthegreatthemeoffreedom'sfightagainsttotalitarianismGandhipersonifyingthegreatthemeofindividualsstrugglingfortheirrightsandEinsteinbeingbothagreatgeniusandagreatsymbolofascientificrevolutionthatbroughtwithitamazingtechnologicaladvancesthathelpedexpandthegrowthoffreedom”saidTimeMagazineEditorWalterIsaacsonEinsteinwasborninUlmGermanyinHewasslowtolearntospeakanddidnotdowellinelementaryschoolHecouldnotstomachorganizedlearningandloathedtakingexams更多最新各大辅导班考研视频资料请到wwwkaoyanbangnet考研邦wwwkaoyanbangnetQQ:InhoweverhewastopublishatheorywhichstandsasoneofthemostintricateexamplesofhumanimaginationinhistoryEverythingelsemassweightspaceeventimeitselfisavariableAndheofferedtheworldhisnowfamousequation:energyequalsmasstimesthespeedoflightsquaredE=mcEinsteindidnotworkontheprojectEinsteindiedinPrincetonNewJerseyinA“Indirectlyrelativitypavedthewayforanewrelativisminmoralityartandpolitics”IsaacsonwroteinanessayexplainingTime'schoices“Therewaslessfaithinabsolutesnotonlyoftimeandspacebutalsooftruthandmorality”Einstein'sfamousequationwasalsotheseedthatledtothedevelopmentofatomicenergyandweaponsInsixyearsafterhefledEuropeanfascismandsettledatPrincetonUniversityEinsteinanavowedpacifistsignedalettertoPresidentRoosevelturgingtheUnitedStatestodevelopanatomicbombbeforeNaziGermanydidBhowhethoughtoftherelativitytheoryC“ClearlynoscientistbetterrepresentsthoseadvancesthanAlbertEinstein”morethananyotherpersonDRooseveltheededtheadviceandformedthe“ManhattanProject”thatsecretlydevelopedthefirstatomicweaponEInhisearlyyearsEinsteindidnotshowthepromiseofwhathewastobecomeFInhis“SpecialTheoryofRelativity”EinsteindescribedhowtheonlyconstantintheuniverseisthespeedoflightGItissaidthatEinstein’ssuccessliesinthefactthatfewpeoplecanunderstandhistheories模拟试题五Mobilephonesshouldcarryalabeliftheyprovedtobeadangeroussourceofradiation,accordingtoRobertBell,ascientistAndnomoremobilephonetransmittertowersshouldbebuiltuntilthelongtermhealtheffectsoftheelectromagneticradiationtheyemitisscientificallyevaluated,hesaid"Nobody'sgoingtodropdeadovernightbutweshouldbeaskingformorescientificinformation,"RobertBellssaidataconferenceonthehealtheffectsoflowlevelradiationAreportwidelycirculatedamongthepublicsaysthatuptonowscientistsdonotreallyknowenoughtoguaranteetherearenoilleffectsonhumansfromelectromagneticradiationAccordingtoRobertBell,therearemillionmobilephonesinAustraliaaloneandtheyareincreasingby,adayAswell,thereare,transmittertowersaroundAustralia,manyinhighdensityresidentialareasRobertBellsuggeststhatuntilmoreresearchiscompletedtheGovernmentshouldbanconstructionofphonetowersfromwithinametreradiusofschoolgrounds,childcarecentres,hospitals,sportsplayingfieldsandresidentialareaswithahighpercentageofchildrenHeaddsthatthereisalsoevidencethatifcancersufferersaresubjectedtoelectromagneticwavesthegrowthrateofthediseaseaccelerate更多最新各大辅导班考研视频资料请到wwwkaoyanbangnet考研邦wwwkaoyanbangnetQQ:AHesaysthereisemergingevidencethatchildrenabsorblowlevelradiationataratemorethanthreetimesthatofadultsBBytheyearitisestimatedthatAustraliawillhavemillionmobilephones:nearlyoneforeverytwopeopleC"Ifmobilephonesarefoundtobedangerous,theyshouldcarryawarninglabeluntilpropershieldscanbedevised,"hesaidDThenwhofinancestheresearchAccordingtoRobertBell,itisreasonableforthemajortelephonecompaniestofunditBesides,healsourgestheGovernmenttosetupawideranginginquiryintopossiblehealtheffectsEForexample,Telstra,OptusandVodaphonebuildtheirtowerswhereitisgeographicallysuitabletothemanddisregardtheneedofthecommunityTheelectromagneticradiationemittedfromthesetowersmayhavealreadyproducedsomeharmfuleffectsonthehealthoftheresidentsnearbyFTheconclusionisthatmobilephonebringmoreharmthanbenefitGThemobileph

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考研英语(2009版)--完型填空(冲刺)讲义【考研邦】

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