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首页 2009考研英语作文预测班辅导讲义-徐绽【考研邦】

2009考研英语作文预测班辅导讲义-徐绽【考研邦】

2009考研英语作文预测班辅导讲义-徐绽【考研邦】

考研邦
2009-03-07 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2009考研英语作文预测班辅导讲义-徐绽【考研邦】pdf》,可适用于高等教育领域

考研邦wwwkaoyanbangnetQQ:更多最新考研视频资料请到wwwkaoyanbangnet第一节重点话题与句型(一))Withtherapidgrowthofoureconomy(transportationsystemmarketeconomyprivateenterpriseshousingindustry…),anincreasingnumberofproblemshavearisen,suchas…)Withtherapiddevelopmentofscienceandtechnology(electronicindustryhighereducation…),moreandmorepeoplecometorealizethat…)Currently,thereisawidespreadconcernoverhighunemploymentrate(desertificationwidespreadcorruptionenergycrisistrafficjamswatershortageincreasingtrafficaccidents…))Nowadays,aheateddebateaboutprivatecars(China’sfootballbraindrain…)isunderwayinChina)Since“sustainabledevelopment”isourmaingoal,weshouldpaymoreattentiontostrikingabalancebetweeneconomicdevelopmentandenvironmentalprotection(producingmoregoodsandsavingnaturalresources…))Withmoreemphasisputon“buildingaharmonioussociety”,peoplebegintorealizetheimportanceofsolvingtheproblemofinequality(solvingtheproblemofunemploymentenablingsomepeopletogetrichandhelpingthedisadvantaged…))Asthecentraltaskofourcountryisto“buildawelloffsocietyinanallroundway”,moreeffortsarebeingmadetoimprovethelivingstandardsofthepeople…(peopleneedmorecomfortablehousingandmoreconvenienttransportation…))Unlessweputmoreemphasisonenvironmentalprotection(interpersonalrelationshipequalityhowtodealwithstress…),theproblemwillbeahindrancetoourbuildinga“harmonioussociety”)Asthepublicawarenessofmarketeconomy(populationcontrolhumanrightscompetitionlawsandregulations…)heightens,…)DifferentpeopleholddifferentviewsonaccessiontoWTO(studyingabroadprivatecarsInternetsurfing…)Someareinfavorof…,whileothersareagainst…)Whenitcomestotheproblem(theissuethecase…)ofeatingwildanimals(netchattingmorningexercise…))Asfarasfamilyplanning(adulteducationrecycling…)isconcerned,thereismuchroomforimprovement)Thepictureonlyrevealsthetipofanuglyicebergofseriousenvironmentalpollution(widespreadwasteorganizedcrime…))Allthesestatistics(pictures…)revealapainfulfactthatcorruptionisspreadingrapidlyinourcountry(moreandmorefishhavebeenkilled…))Withoutlove,myclassmateXiaoWangwouldhavediedinthehospitalButwithourloveandcare,hesurvivedtheillnessandcanenjoyhislifenow无限精彩人生文都铸就永恒徐绽博客:wdxuzhanblogsohucom)Withoutcomputers(cellphonesprivatecarstheInternet…),itwouldbedifficulttoimaginemodernlife)Itisimperativeforustotakeeffective(drasticimmediateprompt…)measurestocorrectthesituation(eliminateenvironmentalpollutionfightagainstcorruptionbandrugabuse…))TheparticipatingSloganshouldbeanembodimentoftheconceptof“GreenOlympics,HiTechOlympicsandPeople’sOlympics”with“People’sOlympics”asitshighlightandshouldreflecttheuniqueculturalbackgroundandhumanismofChinaandBeijing(OneWorld,OneDream))Letusworkhandinhandtosolvethisproblem(holdbackatidalwaveofcrimesfightagainstcorruption…))Weshoulddoourbestineliminatingindustrialpollution(fakecommoditiespovertyinChina…)重点话题与句型(二)Wehavejustcrossedthethresholdofthestcenturyandthecurtainofthenewmillenniumisslowlyrising我们刚刚跨入世纪的门槛,新千年的帷幕正在徐徐升起Weareblessedwithnewopportunitiesandfacedwithnewchallenges我们被赋予新的机会,并且面临着新的挑战Withtheincreasinglymorerapidlyeconomicglobalizationandurbanization,moreproblemsarebroughttoourattention随着日益迅速的经济全球化和城市化,更多的问题受到我们的关注alongwiththedevelopmentof,moreandmore随着的发展,越来越多Inthepastfewyears,therehasbeenasharpgrowthboomdeclinein在过去几年内,有显著增长激增明显滑坡withthesteadygrowthinthecountry'seconomyaswellasthepeople'livingstandard,随着国家经济和人民生活水平的稳步增长,aslivingtempopacequickens,随着生活节奏的不断加快,Whiletherhythmpacetempoofpeople'slivingisspeedingup,alotofchangeshavetakenplacein人民生活节奏加快的同时,也发生了很多变化withthefantasticspurbothinindustryanditseconomyinChina,thenumberofisontherise随着中国工业经济的迅猛发展,的数目不断上升Itiscommonlybelievedthattheriseinistheinevitableresultofeconomicdevelopment人们普遍认为,的增长是经济发展的必然结果Inrecentyears,Chinahasexperiencedanalarmingincreasein最近几年来,中国有了惊人的增长Nowadayspeopleinincreasingnumbersbegintorealizebeawareofnoticetheimportanceoftheproblemofeducationpollutionunemployment现在越来越多的人开始认识到教育,污染,失业问题的重要性考研邦wwwkaoyanbangnetQQ:更多最新考研视频资料请到wwwkaoyanbangnetWeoftenfindourselvescaughtinvolvedinadilemmawhetherweshouldreachforthebear'spaworfortheshark'sfin我们常常发现自己陷入一个进退维谷的境地:是取鱼翅还是熊掌Thereisagrowingworldwideawarenessoftheneedfor世界性的对需要的认识正在不断深入Recentlytheissueproblemofhasbeeninthelimelightbroughtintofocusbroughttopublicattentionconcern最近的问题引起了人们的注意成了焦点问题引起了公众的注意关注Recentlythephenomenonhasarousedwideconcern最近这个现象引起了广泛关注Oneofthe(universalpressingburningurgent)problemsissueswearefacedwith(confrontingus)isthat我们面临的其中一个全球性的紧迫的迫在眉睫的问题是Recentlytheproblemissueconflicthasbecomethefocusconcernofthepublic最近这个问题冲突成了公众关注的焦点中心Thereisa(publicgeneralheatedimpassioned)debatediscussioncontroversytodaynowadaysastooveronconcerningtheissueproblemofThosewhocriticizeopposeobjecttocontendarguethatTheybelievethatButpeoplewhoadvocatefavorarefor,ontheotherhand,maintainassertthat当前,人们就某事现象展开了激烈广泛的热烈的讨论争论批评反对的人们辩称,他们认为然而,支持者却认为Apublicdebatehasarisenastothephenomenonof关于的现象引发了一场公众讨论Thereisalongrunningdebateastowhether关于是否有一场持久论战Itisundeniablethathasbecomethebiggestconcernofthepresentdayworld不可否认的是,已成了当今世界最令人关注的问题NowitiscommonlygenerallywidelybelievedheldacceptedrecognizedthatTheyclaimargueholdthat,butIwonderdoubtwhether现在人们普遍认为人们认为但是我怀疑它是否Accordingto(n)surveyinvestigationanalysisstatisticsreportreleasedconductedmadeby,thereisagrowingincreasingdecliningnumberofwhowhich根据发表的所做的一份调查分析统计数据报告,的数目呈上升下降的趋势Onceinanewspapermagazine,Ihitupon(cameacross)thereportthat有一次,在一份报纸一本杂志上,我看到过一篇报道Thiscasehasarousedechoesthroughoutthecountry,withmoreandmorepeoplefollowingitslead,butideasaboutitvarywidely这个时间在全国产生了反响,随着越来越多的人步其后尘,对它的看法却有很大的不同ThediscussionaboutwhetherornotisaverycontroversialoneTherearepeopleonbothsidesoftheargumentwhohavestrongfeelings关于是否的讨论是个很有争议性的问题争论的双方情绪都非常激动Thosewhocriticizeopposeobjecttoareagainstcontendargueholdthatbutpeoplewhoadvocatefavorarefor,ontheotherhand,maintainassertclaimthat批评反对的人争论认为,但是支持赞成的人则认为声称Someargueholdthat,butotherssetforthatotallydifferentargumentabouttheissueof有些人争论认为,但另外一些人则对的问题提出了完全不同的观点无限精彩人生文都铸就永恒徐绽博客:wdxuzhanblogsohucomTheothersideofthecoinhasvoicedstrongoppositionsayingthat争论的另一方发表了强烈的反对声音,声称重点话题与句型(三)描述图画或图表的常用句型:Ascanbeclearlyseenfromthepicture,…从这张画中可以清楚地看到…译:从这张画中可以清楚地看到随着国际文化交流的增加越来越多的外国人渴望访问中国。Ascanbeclearlyseenfromthepicture,withtheincreaseinculturalexchangeamongcountries,anincreasingnumberofforeignersareeagertovisitChinaAsisshownabove…正如上面所示…译:正如上面所示有两幅漫画描述了两种完全不同的情景。一幅描绘了人们在努力工作而另一幅暗示了懒惰导致失败。Asisshownabove,therearetwocartoonspresentingtwoquitedifferentsituationsOnedepictspeoplewhoareworkinghard,whiletheotherimpliesthatlazinessresultsinfailureWhatavividpictureitis!Ittellsusthat…这是一幅多么生动形象的画啊!它告诉我们…译:这是一幅多么生动的画啊!它告诉我们爱就像一盏在黑暗中的油灯,它照亮了人们的心灵。Whatavividpictureitis!Ittellsusthatloveisjustlikeanoillampinthedark,whichlightenspeople’sheartsAccordingtothestatisticsgiveninthetable,…根据表中所给的统计数字…译:根据表中所给的统计数字最近年来旅游者的人数大大增加年达到,,人。Accordingtothestatisticsgiveninthetable,thenumberoftouristshasgrowngreatly,,,peopleinItcanbeseenfromthestatistics(orpicture)that…从这些统计数字(或这张图画)中可以看到…译:从这些统计数字(或这张图画)中可以看到随着城市中汽车数量的不断增加,空气污染和噪音已经成为威胁城市居民生存的主要公害(publichazards)。Itcanbeseenfromthestatistics(orpicture)thatwiththerapidincreaseinthenumberofcars,airpollutionandnoisehavebecomethemainpublichazardsthreateningthesurvivalofcityresidentsItisgenerallybelieved(或accepted,thought,held)that…人们普遍认为…译:人们普遍认为各国政府应该采取有力措施来保护森林资源。ItisgenerallybelievedthatthegovernmentsofallcountriesshouldtakeeffectivemeasurestoprotectforestresourcesThepictureisthoughtprovoking,…这幅画发人深省…译:这幅画是发人深省的它所说明的是我们今天社会普遍存在的一种现象。Thepictureisthoughtprovoking,andwhatitillustratesisacommonphenomenoninour考研邦wwwkaoyanbangnetQQ:societytodayWhatthedrawingdescribesimpliesthat……这张图画所描述的内容暗示了…译:这张图画所描述的内容暗示了我们应该经得住失败的考验。Whatthedrawingdescribesimpliesthatweshouldwithstandthetestoffailure关于比较、利弊、优缺点的句型:Shave(orhas)alotofadvantagesover(与相比有许多优点)Comparedwith…,sbsthhashavetheadvantageof…(有…方面的长处的优点是…)beofgreatbenefittosbsth(对有益)benefitsbsth(对有好处)benefitfromsth(由于而受益)do(alotof)goodtosb(对有许多好处)begoodforsbsth(对有益)dodamagetosthdamagesth(对造成损坏)doharmtosthharmsthendangersth(对有害处)beas(notso)goodgreatasnotsomuchas(与其说,不如说)比较结构句型Personally,I’m…更多最新考研视频资料请到wwwkaoyanbangnetisthat…bothandTheadvantagesofBAinfavoroflikepreferoutweighthebenefitwegainfromIthasTheyhaveadvantagesstrengthsdisadvantagesweaknessesOneAnotherThebiggestadvantagebenefitcarrymoreweightthanthoseofaremuchgreaterthanthoseofTheeffectofisheightenedbyanotheradvantageBenjoyscontrastcomparison无限精彩人生文都铸就永恒徐绽博客:wdxuzhanblogsohucomA’sadvantageswhenB’sadvantagesaresoundsridiculousmeansnothingmentionedconsiderationconsideredtakenintoWhentheadvantagesanddisadvantagesof…arecarefullycompared,themoststrikingisfindingconclusionselfevidentobviousAlthoughAwithBin…atheadvantageof…,itcan’tcompete…hasenjoysgainsdistinctenormousconsiderableBycontrast,Onthecontrary,Despitetheseadvantages,Likeanythingelse,GoodasAisitsowndisadvantagesproblemsharmfuleffectsalsohasbrings说明原因的句型:Therearetwosomegoodreasonsforsthtodosth…生活条件改变的原因有两条。首先我们一直在贯彻执行改革开放政策。其次我们的经济在迅速发展并且出生率得到了控制。Therearetworeasonsforthechangesinpeople'slivingconditionsFirst,wehavebeencarryingoutanopeningandreformpolicySecond,ournationaleconomyisdevelopingrapidlyandthebirthratehasbeenundercontrolWehavetwogoodreasonsforagainst我们有两条充分理由反对工业不受控制的发展。WehavetwogoodreasonsagainsttheuncontrolleddevelopmentofindustryThereasonforisthat从句我们支持“希望工程”的原因是,许多贫困地区的儿童付不起继续学业的各种费用。Thereasonforustosupportthe“ProjectHope”isthatmanychildreninpoorareascannotshoulderdifferentkindsofexpensestocontinuewiththeirschooling考研邦wwwkaoyanbangnetQQ:原因结构句型更多最新考研视频资料请到wwwkaoyanbangnetThereareforthein…manydifferentseveralanumberorcausesfactorsdramaticmarkedsignificantincreasechangesdecreaseproblemThereareseveralreasonsformypreferencechoicedecisionWhy…FinallyPerhapstheis…First,…Foronething,…Onereasonis…Second,…Foranother,…primarymainmostimportantreasoncauseThefor…arereasoncausescomplicatedmanyprofoundAnumberoffactorscouldtheexplainresultinaccountforcontributetosuccesschangechoicedecisionAnotheris…causefactorreason…alsotheriseproblemisresponsibleforplaysapartincontributesto无限精彩人生文都铸就永恒徐绽博客:wdxuzhanblogsohucomThein…increasedecreasechangemainlylargelypartlythefactthat…severalresultarisefromisattributableduetoisbecauseofOnemaythebackto…attributeascribeoweincreasedecreasechangeOnemaytracethebackto……isnotphenomenontheonlyanswerbyitselfanadequateexplanationthewholestorytrendproblemButitdoesn’tthewhy…of…answerexplainquestionproblem关于因果关系的句型:物价上升的原因是需求的增加。Thecauseof(=reasonfor)higherpriceswasanincreaseindemand或:Becausethedemandhasincreased,thepricesarehigher或:Anincreaseindemandresultsinhigherprices或:ThedemandhasincreasedAsaresult,thepricesarehigher或:Ifthereisanincreaseindemand,thenpricesrise译:他们取得的成果是由于他们的刻苦努力。Whattheyhaveachievedresultsfromtheirhard(=painstaking)work表示不同看法的句型:人们对这个问题的看法各不相同。Whenitcomestosth,theopinionsofpeoplediffer有些人认为…其他人争辩说…还有一些人主张…SomebelievethatOthersarguethatStillothersmaintainthat他们的观点各不相同。Theyarequitedifferentfromeachotherintheiropinions有些人持这样的观点:孩子少是好事。Somepeopleholdtheopinionthatitisgoodto考研邦wwwkaoyanbangnetQQ:更多最新考研视频资料请到wwwkaoyanbangnethaveasmallfamily他们对这个问题的态度大相径庭。Theythinkquitedifferentlyonthisquestion他们对噪音问题的态度截然不同。Theydiffergreatlyintheirattitudestowardsnoiseproblem家长和孩子对这个问题的看法不同。家长认为孩子应努力学习得到好的学习成绩。而孩子们则认为他们应该有更多的自由来支配他们的闲暇时间来安排他们的未来。ParentsandchildrenthinkdifferentlyonthisquestionParentsholdthatchildrenshouldworkhardanddowellatschoolChildren,however,maintainthattheyshouldhavemorefreedomtospendtheirleisuretimeandtoplanfortheirownfuture表示必须、紧急、有困难做某事的句型:Itisimportant(necessary,urgent,difficult,easy,convenient,comfortable,expensive,desirable,advisable)forsbtodosth常用谚语(在议论文中):常言道“事物总是一分为二的。”Asapopularsayinggoes,"Everycoinhastwosides"Asaproverbsays,"Everythinghastwosides"Ontheonehand,physicalexerciseisgoodforyourhealthOntheotherhand,ifyoudon'tdealwithitproperly,itwilldoharmtoyourhealthSoweshouldlookatthematterfromtwosidesAsaproverbsays,"Wherethereisawillthereisaway"(有志者事竟成。)Asapopularsayinggoes,"Amanisknownbythecompanyhekeeps"(观其交友知其为人。)Asisknowntoall,"Nopains,nogains"(没有苦就没有甜。)It’snousecryingoverthespiltmilk(覆水难收。)Morehaste,lessspeed(欲速者不达。)Lookbeforeyouleap(三思而后行。)Hewholaughslastlaughsbest(谁最后笑谁笑得最好。)辩论中常用的句型:Thereisnodoubtthat译:毫无疑问therapidincreaseinpopulation促使thesharpdecreaseinthespeciesofwildanimalsItisobviousclearthat爱心是一盏灯,越黑暗的地方,它越明亮。众所周知中国一贯主张,国家不管大小,应该一律平等。Asisknowntoall,Chinaalwaysmaintainsthatallnationsshouldbeequal,betheylargeorsmall(It's)nowonder(难怪)译:他不努力工作,难怪他丢了工作。Itgoeswithoutsayingthat(不成问题,很自然):很自然健康的人比病人幸福。ItgoeswithoutsayingthathealthypeoplearemuchhappierthansickonesWhatismoreimportant,weshould保持ecologicalbalanceIamconvincedthatonlyifoursocietyisfulloflove,tomorrowwillbemuchbetterand无限精彩人生文都铸就永恒徐绽博客:wdxuzhanblogsohucombrighterItisnoexaggerationtosay…可以毫不夸张地说…举例表示法:Forexample,Forinstance,thepeople'seconomicstatushasbeengreatlyimprovedAcaseinpointisthattheeconomicstatusofthepeoplehasbeenimprovedLet'shaveanexampleTVsets,refrigeratorsandrecordershavebecomehouseholdnecessities重点话题与句型(四).开头段的常用核心句型)Thearguermayberightabout,butheseemstoneglecttomentionthefactthat)Contrarytogenerallyacceptedviews,Iarguethat)Thereisanelementoftruthinthisargument,butitignoresadeeperandmorebasicfactthat)Itistruethat,butthisisnottosaythat)Themainobviousproblemwiththisargumentisthatitisblindtothebasicfactthat)Itwouldbenaturalreasonabletothinkthat,butitwouldbeabsurdtoclaimthat)Inallthediscussionanddebateover,oneimportantfactisgenerallyoverlookedneglected)Thereisabsolutelynoreasonforustobelievethat)Toassumethatisfarfrombeingproved)Acloseinspectionofthisargumentwouldrevealhowflimsy(groundless)itis)Onthesurface(Atfirstthought),itmayseemanattractiveidea,butonsecondthought,wefindthat)Toomuchemphasisplacedonmayobscureotherfacts)Theproblemfactarethat)Howeverlogicalthisargumentmaybe,itonlyskimsthesurfaceoftheproblem)AsfarasIamconcerned,Ibelievethat)AlthoughIappreciatethat,Icannotagreewith)ThosewhoobjecttoarguethatButpeoplewhofavor,ontheotherhand,arguethat)Currently,thereisageneralconcernover)NowitiswidelyacknowledgedthatButIwonderwhether)Thesedaysweoftenhearabout,butisthisreallythecase、中间段的常用核心句型)ThechangeinMainlyresultsfrom)TheincreaseinIsduetothefactthat考研邦wwwkaoyanbangnetQQ:更多最新考研视频资料请到wwwkaoyanbangnet

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2009考研英语作文预测班辅导讲义-徐绽【考研邦】

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