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首页 托福词汇

托福词汇

托福词汇

yaobo7772
2009-03-04 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《托福词汇doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

TOEFL词汇EdwardQingTOEFL词汇abound'baundv充满富于accredit'kreditvt委派官员到国外,授权abut'btv邻接,毗邻accordion'k:dinn手风琴accretion'kri:nn增加,增大absenteeismbsn'ti:izmn旷课,旷工abide'baidvi遵守vt忍受ablaze'bleizadj着火的,闪耀的abrasion'breinn表面磨损abhorb'h:v憎恶,痛恨accedek'si:dv应允,同意acrid'kridadj(指味道或气味)辛辣的,刺鼻的(语气)尖酸的,刻薄的acrimoniouskri'munisadj尖刻的,尖酸的acronym'krnimn用大写字母表示的缩写词adept'deptadj熟练的,擅长的adjacent'deisntadj接近的,毗连的,邻近的adjunct'dktn附件,附属admonishd'mnivt训诫,训斥adobe'dubin泥砖,土坯(房)adorn'd:nvt装饰advent'dventn(尤指不寻常的人或事)出现,到来adverse'dv:sadj敌对的不利的不幸的aesthetici:s'etikadj美学的,审美的affinity'finitin吸引力,亲和力密切关系afflict'fliktvt折磨使苦恼affluence'flunsn富裕丰富aggravate'grveitv使恶化,使加重aggregate'grigeitn聚集,集合agile'dailadj敏捷的,活泼轻快的agitation`di'teinn焦虑,心神不定agrarian'grerinadj有关土地的耕地的ailment'eilmntn(长期的)疾病ajar'd:adj(门、窗等)微开的akinto有密切关系的,相近的allegiance'li:dnsn忠贞,效忠allegory'ligri,'lig:rin寓言alliteration`lit'reinn头韵allusion'lu:nn提及,暗示aloft'lftadv在高处在空中aloof'lu:fadj远离的,冷淡的,漠不关心的ambience'mbinsn周围环境,气氛ambiguousm'bigjusadj不明确的,含糊的ambivalentm'bivlntadj(对人或物)有矛盾看法的amble'mblv漫步,缓行amenable'mi:nbladj讲道理的顺从的有义务的应服从的amenity'mi:nitin礼仪舒适,宜人amid'midprep在中amnesiam'ni:zin健忘症ample'mpladj富足的,充足的anarmyof大群的,大量的anarchist'nkistn无政府主义者anatomy'ntmin解剖解剖学anecdotal`nik'dutladj轶话的,多轶事趣闻的anesthesia`nis'i:zin麻醉angular'gjuladj有角的尖角的annex'neks,'neksv附加,添加兼并annihilate'naileitvt消灭消减antagonistn'tgnistn对手,敌手anthem'nmn圣歌,赞美歌anthologyn'ldin诗集,文选anthropologynr'pldin人类学antiquated'ntikweitidadj陈旧的,过时的anticipaten'tisipeitv预料,预期antiquityn'tikwitin古迹古物古代antiseptic`nti'septikn杀菌剂防腐剂adj防腐的,杀菌的apathetic`p'etikadj缺乏兴趣的,漠不关心的apex'eipeksn顶点,最高点apparel'prln衣服,服饰apportion'p:nv(按比例或计划)分配appraisal'preizln评价,估价appreciable'pri:bladj(数量或变化等)很大,足以感受到或产生影响的,值得重视的aptptadj恰当的,贴切的arbitrary':bitrriadj专横的,专制的,武断的arboreal:'b:riladj树栖的树的,乔木的archipelago`:ki'pelgun群岛ardent':dntadj热烈投入的,极热心的arduous':djusadj费力的,艰难的aria':rin独唱曲,咏叹调arid'ridadj干旱的arsenal':snln兵工厂,军械库arthritis:'raitisn关节炎articulate:'tikjulitv清楚地讲话,清晰地发音ascertain`s'teinvt查明,确定asphyxiations`fiksi'einn窒息assiduous'sidjusadj勤勉的assemble'semblv集合,装配聚集assimilate'simileitvt学习,吸收(知识)吃,吸收(食物或营养)asymmetrical`eisi'metrikladj不均匀的,不对称的atheist'eiiistn无神论者atrophy'trfin萎缩(症)衰退attire'tain穿著,装饰(正规服装总称)attorney't:nin代理人,辩护律师attribute'tribju:tn属性,品质v把归于,归因于audition:'dinn(对艺人的)面试(指试演,试唱等)auger':gn螺丝钻,钻孔机augment:g'mentv增加,增大aurora:'r:rn极光(南北极夜晚所放彩光)auxiliary:g'ziljriadj辅助的补充的avalanche'vl:nn雪崩avantgarde'va:'g:rdn先锋派(艺术流派之一)avariciousv'risadj贪财的,贪婪的aversion'v:nn厌恶,憎恨avert'v:tvt避免,规避avid'vidadj渴望的热心的avocation`v'keinn副业,嗜好awe:n敬畏backdrop'bkdrpn舞台背景背景backlog'bklgn积压(未办完)之事baffle'bflvt使困惑使迷惑balmy'b:miadj(天气)温和的微风拂面的bandannabn'dnn大手帕banish'bnivt流放,驱逐出境barbb:bn(鱼钩等的)倒钩倒刺bargeb:dn驳船barnb:nn谷仓baroqueb'rk,b'rukadj(艺术、建筑等)高度装饰的过份雕琢的barrel'brln桶barter'b:tn物品交换,实物交易beadbi:dn珠子(液体)小滴beakbi:kn鸟嘴bedrockbed'rkn基础,基石beguilebi'gailvt欺骗诱骗打发时间找乐趣beliebi'laiv掩饰bellows'beluzn风箱bequestbi'kwestn遗产besetbi'setv包围,困扰besiegebi'si:dv围攻困扰bestowbi'stuv给予赐赠(奖励、荣誉等)bewilderbi'wildv迷惑,把弄糊涂,使不知所措bias'baisn偏见倾向偏好bicameralbai'kmrladj两院制的,有两个议院的bison'baisnn美洲或欧洲的野牛bizarrebi'z:adj指态度,容貌,款式等奇异的,古怪的blandblndadj淡味的无味的blazing'bleiziadj炽烧的,强烈的bleachbli:tvt去色,漂白n漂白剂bleakbli:kadj荒凉的凄凉的blinkblikv眨眼bluffblfn陡峭的悬崖,绝壁bluntblntadj(说话)直言不讳的(刀、铅笔)钝的不尖的blushblv脸红,羞愧boldbuldadj勇敢的大胆的,放肆无礼的bolster'bulstn垫子,枕垫bonanzab'nnzn富矿带,带来好运之事,幸运boonbu:nn恩惠恩赐boulder'buldn巨石boundbaundadj负有义务的被束缚的n限制bouquetbu:'kein花束boycott'biktvt联合抵制braidbreidv编织brawlbr:ln争吵breachbri:tv造成缺口打破突破n违背破坏brimbrimn(杯)边缘brinkbrikn边缘briny'brainiadj盐水的咸的briskbriskadj活泼的,轻快的brittle'britladj易碎的broachbrutv提出(谈话的主题)brookbru:kn小河buckle'bkln带扣v(使)变弯曲budbdn芽,蓓蕾v发芽bulkblkn大批大部分物体容积bumpbmpn肿块突起v碰(伤),撞(破)bunchbntn串,束群v捆成一束聚集burgeon'b:dnv迅速成长发展burrow'brun洞穴v挖地洞bustbstn半身(雕)像byword'baiw:dn谚语绰号cadence'keidnsn(说话时语调的)抑扬顿挫caliber'klibn才能,才干(人或事的)品质calibration`kli'breinn校准标定,刻度candid'kndidadj率直、坦白而诚实的cannibalism'kniblizmn同类相食canopy'knpin天篷,遮篷captivitykp'tivitin囚禁,拘留carapace'krpeisn(蟹或龟等的)甲壳cardiac'k:dikadj心脏的cardinal'k:dinladj首要的,主要的一种美洲鸟,雄性有深红色羽毛cargo'k:gun船货,货物caricaturekrik'tjun(滑稽模仿的)讽刺画carnivorousk:'nivrsadj食肉的carvek:vv(把肉等)切成片catastrophek'tstrfi异常的灾祸cavern'kvnn大山洞,大洞穴cavity'kvitin洞腔celestialsi'lestiladj天体的,天上的cellist'telistn大提琴家census'senssn人口调查,人口普查centennialsen'tenjln百年纪念chafeteifvt擦热,擦破chagrin'grinn懊恼,失望chapel'tpln小礼拜堂charter't:tn宪章,章程chasteteistadj贞洁的chilltiln寒意,寒战v使冷,变冷冷却chisel'tizln凿子v砍凿chivalry'ivlrin骑士精神,骑士制度choketukvt使窒息choptpvt砍choret:n零工,杂务choreography`kri'grfin舞蹈编排chronic'krnikadj长期的慢性的chronological`krn'ldikladj按年代顺序排列的chubby'tbiadj丰满的,圆胖的chunktkn大块矮胖的人或物cipher'saifn密码circumscribe's:kmskraibv划界限限制citadel'sitdln堡垒,要塞citesaitvt引用举例clamklmn蛤,蛤肉clamor'klmn叫嚣,喧哗clanklnn家族,宗族clergy'kl:din牧师clogklgvt阻碍clotkltnv凝块clutchkltn一次所孵的卵(或蛋)coalesce`ku'lesv联合,合并coaxkuksv哄诱,巧言诱哄耐心调理coherentku'hirntadj粘着的连贯的,有条理的coilkiln(一)卷线圈vt盘绕,卷collaboratek'lbreitv(文艺,科学等方面)协作,合作colloquialk'lukwiladj口语(体)的,通俗语的colonize'klnaizvt建立殖民地,拓殖(生物群体)定居,居于colossalk'lsladj巨大的combustiblekm'bstbladj易燃的commodityk'mditin商品日用品communal'kmjunladj公共的公社的commuterk'mju:tn往返者compelkm'pelv强迫,使不得不compellingkm'peliadj引人注目的compensate'kmpenseitv补偿,赔偿complacencekm'pleisnsn自满,自以为是complicitykm'plisitin共谋,串通comprisekm'praizvt包含由组成compulsorykm'plsriadj必需做的,被强制的concave`kn'keivadj凹的concealkn'si:lv隐藏,隐瞒concedekn'si:dvi承认conceivekn'si:vvt构思以为,设想concentrickn'sentrikadj同心的concertedkn's:tidadj共同筹划的,合作的concisekn'saisadj简洁的,简明的concomitantkn'kmitntadj伴随而来的concurkn'k:vi观点相同,同意concurrentkn'krntadj同时发生的condensation`knden'seinn压缩,浓缩condiment'kndimntn调味品condor'kndn秃鹰confederatekn'fedreitn同盟者,盟友conferkn'f:vi颁给,赋与协商confidekn'faidv吐露(心事),倾诉confinekn'fainv限制confluence'knflunsn汇集conformkn'f:mvi遵守,顺从符合confoundkn'faundvt使糊涂,迷惑congenialkn'di:niladj(指人)(因性情、志趣等相近)彼此合得来的适意的congenitalkn'denitladj先天的,天生的congestionkn'destnn拥挤,拥塞congregate'kgrigeitvt聚集conifer'kunifn松类,针叶树connoisseur`kn's:n鉴赏家,行家consensuskn'senssn一致,共识consequence'knsikwnsn结果,后果consonant'knsnntadj协调一致的conspicuouskn'spikjusadj显著的,显眼的,引人注目的consort'kns:tv陪伴,结交conspiracykn'spirsin阴谋constellation`knst'leinn星座灿烂的一群constituentkn'stituntn成分,要素选举者contagiouskn'teidsadj传染性的,会感染的contaminatekn'tmineitv弄脏,污染,感染contemplate'kntempleitv沉思,对作周密考虑contiguouskn'tigjusadj接近的,接壤的continuumkn'tinjumn连续统一体contour'kntun轮廓周线,等高线convergekn'v:dv聚合,集中于一点,会聚convex`kn'veksadj凸出的convictkn'vikt,'knviktvi判罪,定罪convivialkn'viviladj欢乐的,快乐的corroboratek'rbreitvt(以新的资料或证明)支持或证实corruptionk'rpnn腐败,贪污,堕落cosmic'kzmikadj宇宙的cosmopolitan`kzm'plitnadj世界性的,包含全世界的,遍布全世界的counsel'kaunslnv劝告counteract`kaunt'rktv消除,抵消counterfeit'kauntfitv伪造,仿造counterpart'kauntp:tn相对物,极相似之人或物courier'kurin送急件的人,信使cozy'kuziadj舒适的crater'kreitn火山口,弹坑credence'kri:dnsn信任,相信credentialkri'den()ln凭证,文凭creekkri:kn小溪,小河crevice'krevisn缺口,裂缝crimson'krimznadj深红色cripple'kriplv削弱,使残废criterionkrai'tirinn标准,准则critiquekri'ti:kn(文艺等的)批评,评论crooked'krukidadj狡诈的弯曲的crucial'kru:ladj至关重要的,决定性的紧要关头的crudekru:dadj未提炼的,粗糙的crumple'krmp()lvt压皱,扭弯crustkrstn硬外皮地壳cubism'kju:bizmn立体主义cuekju:n提示,暗示culinary'klinriadj厨房的,烹调的cumbersome'kmbsmadj笨重的,难处理的cunning'kniadj狡猾的,富有心计的n狡猾,诡诈curatorkju'reitn(博物馆等)馆长custodiank'studinn看守人,保管人dagger'dgn短剑dartd:tvt飞奔飞快的动作dashoff水猛冲感情爆发daunting'd:ntiadj使人畏缩的deadlock'dedlkn相持不下僵局debris'debri:n碎片碎石废墟残骸decadent'dekdntadj颓废的decent'di:sntadj适当的可接受的.得体的体面的deceptivedi'septivadj欺骗的导致误解的deciduousdi'sidjusadj每年落叶的decimal'desimladj十进制的deckdekn一副(纸牌)declivitydi'klivitin倾斜面斜坡decreedi'kri:v颁布defecate'defikeitv澄清净化deferdi'f:v遵从听从延期defiancedi'fainsn藐视公然反抗deficit'defisitn赤字deflectdi'flektv使偏离使转向deformdi'f:mv使变形deftdeftadj灵巧的,熟练的deigndeinv赐予惠允(做某事)deity'di:iti,'dei`n神被奉若神明的人(或物)deliberatelydi'librtliadv故意地deliriumdi'lirimn精神错乱发狂deluge'delju:dn大洪水豪雨demobilizedi:'mubilaizv遗散(军人)使复员denominationdi`nmi'neinn宗教组织(长度币值的)单位denotedi'nutv指示表示dentdentn缺口凹痕v弄凹depictdi'piktv描绘雕画描写描述depletedi'pli:tvt耗尽,使衰竭deploredi'pl:v悲叹痛惜depot'depun货栈,仓库depreciationdi`pri:i'ei()nn贬值depredation`depri'dei()nn劫掠蹂躏derivedi'raivv得到获取源于源自desalinationdi:`sli'neinn脱盐淡化designate'dezignit,`neitv指定选派,任命desolate'desleitadj(地方)荒凉的despoildi'spilv夺取掠夺destitute'destitju:tadj贫困的赤贫的deterdi't:v吓住威慑detergentdi't:dntn清洁剂洗涤剂deterioratedi'tirireitv(使)恶化败坏detestdi'testv深恶憎恶detriment'detrimntn损害伤害detrimental`detri'mentladj有害的不利的devastate'devsteitv毁坏破坏deviate'di:vieitv越轨背离devoiddi'vidadj全无的缺乏的devourdi'vauv贪婪地吃吞食diagonaldai'gnlnadj对角线(的)diction'diknn措辞用语didacticdi'dktikadj教诲的说教的dignity'dignitin尊严高贵dilapidateddi'lpideitidadj破旧的倒塌的digressdai'gresv离题,脱轨dilatedai'leitv使膨胀,使扩大dilemmadi'lemn左右为难窘境困境dilutedai'lu:tv冲淡变淡dimdimadj暗淡的模糊的怀疑的diminishdi'miniv(使)减少(使)变小discerndi's:nv辨明了解discernibledi's:nbladj可辨别的discerningdi's:niadj有辨识能力的discipledi'saipln门徒追随者disconcert`diskn's:tvt使惊惶使不安discontented`diskn'tentidadj不满意的不满足的discourse'disk:sn演讲论述discretedi'skri:tadj分开的不连续的disgustdis'gstvt呕吐厌恶disinteresteddis'intristidadj(因不涉及个人利益)公正的dismal'dizmladj忧郁的,沮丧的阴暗的,惨淡的dismaydis'mein沮丧,惊慌v使惊愕,使惊慌使沮丧dismemberdis'membv肢解拆卸disorientdis':rintvt使迷失,使迷惑dispatchdi'sptv(紧急)派遣,分配n(紧急)派遣,分配dispensarydi'spensrin诊所,药房dispensedi'spensv分配,分发dispersedi'sp:sv分散,疏散disposition`disp'zinn性情disseminatedi'semineitv散布,传播dissentdi'sentv不同意,持异议dissertation`dis'teinn(学位)论文dissipate'disipeitv驱散distilldi'stilvt蒸馏,提炼,提取distinctivedi'stiktivadj有特色的,出众的distortdi'st:tv弄歪(形状等)歪曲,曲解divergedai'v:dv分歧,差异divinedi'vainadj上帝的,神的,神圣的dizziness'dizinisn头昏眼花,眩晕doctrine'dktrinn教义,教旨dogged'dgidadj顽强的,固执的dogma'dgmn教条,教义dormant'd:mntadj静止的,休眠的dorsal'd:s()ladj背部的,背脊的draindreinv(使)流走,(使)排光n消耗drastic'drstikadj激烈的,(药)猛烈的dreaddredn畏惧,恐怖dreary'dririadj沉闷的,乏味的dribble'driblv滴下driftdriftv漂流漂泊droughtdrautn干旱drowsy'drauziadj昏昏欲睡的drudgery'drdrin苦工,苦差事dubious'dju:bisadj觉得可疑的,犹豫不决的ductile'dktailadj(指金属)可锻的,有韧性的,延展的dumbdmadj哑的dumpdmpv倾卸,倾倒duplicate'dju:plikitadj完全相同的v复写,复制dutiful'dju:tifl,'du:tifladj恭敬的,忠实的dwelldwelv居住,生活于dwindle'dwindlv日渐减少,变小eccentricik'sentrikadj古怪的,异常的eclecticismek'lektisizmn折中主义eclipsei'klipsn(日,月)食v使失色,盖过economizei'knmaizvi节俭edifice'edifisn宏伟的建筑物effluent'efluntn废水,污水eliciti'lisitv得出,引出(真理等)eligible'elidbladj合格的,有资格的elixiri'liksn长生不老药,仙丹妙药ellipticali'liptik()ladj椭圆的省略的elongate'i:lgeitv延长,伸长eloquent'elkwntadj有口才的,雄辩的eludei'lu:dv躲避emancipatei'mnsipeitv解放,释放embedim'bedv插入,镶嵌embellishim'beliv装饰,修饰emblem'emblmn象征,标志徽章embossim'bsv加浮雕花纹于,使凸出embroiderim'bridvt绣花装饰embryo'embriun胚胎,事物的萌芽期eminent'eminntadj著名的,显著的emissary'emisrin信使emissioni'minn(光,热等的)发出,发射发出物emulate'emjuleitv努力赶上(或超过),仿效enacti'nktv制定(法律)encasein'keisv围住,包起encompassin'kmpsv包括包围encroachin'krutv侵占,蚕食endeavorin'devv尝试,努力n努力,尽力endemicen'demik,in`adj地方性的当地的endorsein'd:sv赞同,支持endowin'dauv捐赠赋予engravein'greivv雕上,刻上entailin'teilvt使必须,使承担entanglein'tglv缠住使陷入困境enticein'taisvt怂勇,引诱entrenchedin'trenttadj确立的,稳固的entreatin'tri:tv恳求,乞求entrepreneur`ntrpr'n:n企业家,创业人envisionen'vinv想象,预想epic'epikn史诗,叙事诗epidemic`epi'demikn传染病epoch'i:pkn纪元,时代equilibrium`i:kwi'librimn(敌对之间)均衡(情感)平衡equitable'ekwitbladj公平的,公正的equivocatei'kwivkeitv模棱两可地说,支吾eradicatei'rdikeitv根除,杜绝erecti'rektv使直立,竖立建立,创erodei'rudn腐蚀,侵蚀erratici'rtikadj古怪的(运动或行为)不规则的escalate'eskleitv升级,逐步增强ethereali'iriladj灵巧的ethics'eiksn伦理学etiquette'etiketn礼仪,礼节evisceratei'visreitv取出肠及内脏exactingig'zktiadj费力的苛求的,要求严格的exaltig'z:ltv(高度)赞扬,歌颂exaltedig`z:ltidadj崇高的,高贵的exasperateig'z:spreitv激怒,使恼怒excavate'ekskveitv挖掘,挖出excess'eksesadj过度的,额外的n过量,超过excursionik'sk:nn远足,游览exemplaryig'zemplriadj模范的,典范的,可仿效的exertig'z:tv运用,行使,施加exhaleeks'heilvt呼出,呼气exhilaratingig'zilreitiadj使人兴奋的exemptig'zemptadj被免除的exile'eksail,'egzailvt流放exorbitantig'z:bitntadj(指价格、索价等)过高的,昂贵的exoticig'ztikadj外来的,从国外引进的异国情调的奇异的,吸引人的expedition`ekspi'dinn远征expertise`eksp:'ti:zn专门技能explicitik'splisitadj明确的,清楚的exponentik'spunntn指数expresslyik'spresliadv特意地,专门exteriorek'stirin外部,外表exterminateik'st:mineitv根除,灭绝extolik'stlv赞美exuberantig'zju:brntadj(人)充满活力的exultig'zltvi非常高兴,欢跃fabric'fbrikn织物,布结构,构造fabricate'fbrikeitv制造伪造facadef's:dn(建筑物的)表面(尤指给人假象的)表面,外观facet'fsitn(问题等的)方面facilitatef'siliteitv使容易,有助于,促进facsimilefk'similin复制,膺品faction'fknn派别,宗派,小集团distastedis'teistn讨厌,嫌恶factual'fktuladj事实的,实际的faculty'fkltin教职工总称才能能力falcon'f:knn【动】(猎鸟用的)猎鹰fallaciousf'leisadj谬误的,靠不住的famine'fminn饥荒,饥饿fanaticf'ntikadj(常贬)(宗教或政治信仰等方面)狂热的fanfare'fnfen宏大的场面farcef:sn闹剧,滑稽剧fateful'feitfladj重大的,决定性的faucet'f:sitn水龙头fauna'f:nn动物群,动物区系feeble'fi:bladj虚弱的,衰弱的fermentf'mentv(使)发酵n骚动,动乱fervor'f:vn热情,热烈,炽热feudfju:dn世仇feverish'fi:vriadj发烧的兴奋的fidelityfi'delitin忠实,忠诚figurehead'fighedn装饰船头的雕像,破浪神finchfintn鸣禽finessefi'nesn精密技巧,灵巧手腕flabby'flbiadj(肌肉等)不结实的,松弛的flairflen才能,本领flamboyantflm'bintadj艳丽的,炫耀的flareflen闪光,闪耀v闪光,闪耀flatter'fltv奉承,谄媚fleeting'fli:tiadj短暂的,飞逝的flicker'flikv闪烁,摇曳flintflintn打火石flora'fl:rn某一地区或时期的植物总称flockflkn(禽、畜等的)群,大量v蜂拥,群集flounder'flaundn比目鱼v挣扎fluctuate'flktueitv波动,起伏fluffy'flfiadj绒毛的,松软的fluorescentflu'resntadj荧光的fluxflksn变迁涨潮foefun敌人,敌军foliage'fuli`idn树叶,植物folklore'fukl:n民俗学,民间传说folly'flin愚笨,愚蠢fomentfu'mentv煽动,助长forage'fridv搜寻(食物)n(牛马的)饲料foray'frein突袭,偷袭fordf:dn浅滩,水浅可涉处foreshadowf:'duv预示forestallf:'st:lv预防,预先阻止forfeit'f:fitv(因过失而)丧失forsakef'seikv遗弃,抛弃誓绝fortf:tn要塞,堡垒forte'f:ti,'f:tein长处,特长fortuitousf:'tju:itsadj偶然的,意外的foster'fstv养育,抚养鼓励,促进foulfauladj恶臭的fraction'frknn小部分,少量fracture'frktn骨折v断裂frayfreiv磨损,磨破n吵架,冲突freightfreitn船货,货运vt装货,运送freneticfri'netikadj狂乱的,发狂的frenzy'frenzin狂乱,狂暴fresco'freskun壁画v做壁画friction'friknn摩擦冲突,不和frigid'frididadj严寒的态度冷淡的,不友好的fringe'frindn边缘边界adj边缘的,额外的frivolityfri'vlitin轻浮frostfrstn霜霜冻v结霜frownfraunv不赞成,反对皱眉frugal'fru:gladj节约的,节俭的fumefju:mn(浓烈或难闻的)烟,气体fumigate'fju:migeitv以烟熏消毒fungi'fngain真菌furious'fjurisadj狂怒的狂暴的furnish'f:niv供应,提供fusefju:zv熔化融合gaiety'getin欢乐的精神,欢乐的气氛gallant'glnt,g'lntadj(对女子)殷勤的勇敢的,英勇的galvanize'glvnaizv电镀,镀锌激励gangster'gstn暴徒,歹徒garbg:bn服装,装束gaugegeidv计量,评价gaygeiadj明亮的gazetteg'zetn政府的公报gemdemn宝石,珠宝genial'di:niladj和蔼可亲的gibedaibv嘲弄,讥笑gilding'gildin贴金箔,镀金girder'g:dn大梁(钢架结构的)glacial'gleiladj冰川的,冰冷的glazedgleizdadj装玻璃的,表面光滑的gleangli:nv搜集gnawn:v咬,啃glossy'glsiadj平滑的,有光泽的glowing'gluiadj发光的,明亮的容光焕发的,生气勃勃的glorify'gl:rifaiv美化,赞扬gorgeous'g:dsadj绚丽的,华美的,极好的gospel'gspln福音gourmet'gumein美食家graftgr:ftvt嫁接graphite'grfaitn石墨grasshopper'gr:s`hpn蚱蜢,蚂蚱grazegreizv(牲畜)吃草,放牧greasegri:sn油脂,滑脂grindgraindv磨碎,碾碎gropegrupv摸索,探索gulfglfn海湾gulpglpv吞,一口吞(下)吞咽gushgv(使)涌流gustgstn一阵(风)(感情的)爆发hailheiln冰雹v致敬,向欢呼hallmark'h:lm

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