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首页 高级英语教案张汉熙版第二册第二单元

高级英语教案张汉熙版第二册第二单元

高级英语教案张汉熙版第二册第二单元

luoli0537
2009-02-11 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《高级英语教案张汉熙版第二册第二单元ppt》,可适用于高等教育领域

LessonTwoLessonTwoMarrakechAimsAimsToknowthewritingtechniqueofexpositionTolearnthemethodsindevelopinganexpositorywriting,esptheuseofexamplesToappreciatethelanguagefeaturesTeachingContentsTeachingContentsExpositionGeorgeOrwellDetailedstudyofthetextOrganizationalpatternLanguagefeaturesExercisesTimeallocationTimeallocationBackgroundinformation(min)Detailedstudyofthetext(min)Structureanalysis(min)Languageappreciation(min)Exercises(min)ExpositionExpositionExpositionisperhapsthetypeofwritingthatismostfrequentlyusedbyastudent,ascientist,oraprofessionalExpositionexpoundingexplainingExpositionExpositionAnexpositorypaperexplainsorexploressomething,suchastheprocessofmakingamachine,thecausesofanaturalorsocialphenomenon,theplanningofaproject,orthesolutionofaproblemExpositionExpositionDescriptiondealswithappearancesandfeelingsNarrationdealswitheventsandexperienceExpositiondealswithprocessesandrelationshipsExpositionExpositionThingscanbeexplainedbyDefinitionDefinitionThekeytoadefinitionisconcretenessOnehastogiveconcretefactstomakeadefinitioneffectiveListingListingWemusthaveenoughnumberofitemstobelistedThen,ifpossible,arrangetheitemsinthegradedorderofincreasingimportanceExamplesExamplesIt'sthesimplest,themostcommon,bestmethodClassificationClassificationWehavetofollowasystemconsistentlyThecategoriesofdivisionshouldbemutuallyexclusiveThereshouldbenooverlappingOneitemcanbelongtoonecategoryandonlyoneComparisonandcontrastComparisonandcontrastWelikenonethingtoanotherbypointingouttheirsimilarities(comparison)Weemphasizethedifferencebetweenthetwo(contrast)AnalysisAnalysisWemaydiscussthecauseandeffectofahistoricalevent,itsnatureanditssignificanceinhistoryExpositionExpositionThewriterappealstoareader'sunderstandingwithverifiablefactsandvalidinformation,explainingandinterpretingthatmaterialssothatthereaderwillaccepthispointofvieworexplanationThushemustorganizeanddevelophisthoughtobjectivelyandpresentitwithhonestyandcompletenesssothatthereaderwillhaveconfidenceinwhatheissayingExpositionExpositiongenerallythewritermakesastatementofthecentralthoughtorofhispurposequiteearlyThisstatementissometimescalledthe"thesis",andmayevenbethetitleofthepieceSometimesthewritermayfirstpresentanddevelophisfactsandmakehisgeneralstatementasaconclusionattheendTheTextTheTextItisanexposition,apoliticalessayOrwellleavesnodoubtabouthisfeelingsconcerningcolonialismanditsresultsHehasshownthereaderhowmillionsofpeoplecanbeignoredandtreatedaslessthanhumanThemeThemeThesufferingandmiseryofthecolonialpeopleinMarrakechThewritergivesdescriptionsbyexamplesTheobjectivepresentationofexamplesshowthatthepeopleincolonialcountriesarepovertystrickenGeorgeOrwellGeorgeOrwellABritishnovelistandessayistbetweenthetwoworldwars*image*http:etextlibraryadelaideeduauoorwellgeorgeHeismushpraisedinthewestpartlybecauseofhisanticommunistpointofviewHewasborninIndia,father,asocalledempirebuilderservingtheBritishgovernmentabroadGeorgeOrwellGeorgeOrwellHereceivedgoodeducationinBritainandstudiedinthemostfamousschool"Eden“GeorgeOrwellGeorgeOrwellHetravelledwidelyMarrakechisoneoftheplaceshetravelledtoHistravelmadehimtakeahostileattitudetowardimperialismHeshoweddeepsympathyforthepoorandbecameafirmsupporterofsocialismGeorgeOrwellGeorgeOrwellHejoinedSpanishWarHewasseriouslywoundedTheSpanishsocialistforcesdividedintofactionThefactionhebelongedtowaspersecutedSohebecamesopessimisticanddepressed,whichledhimtowardanticommunistattitudeGeorgeOrwellGeorgeOrwellAnimalFarmapoliticalfable*image*Eachanimalrepresentsacertainhumancharacter,meanttocriticiseStalin'ssocialismGeorgeOrwellGeorgeOrwellInreadinghisworks,severalaspectsdrawourattention:Hisworksshowsharppowersofobservationanddeepsympathyforsufferingpeople HisworksgiveadeepsenseofconvictionandurgencyGeorgeOrwellGeorgeOrwellTheuseofEnglishisclear,simpleanddirect,withnoformalityofembellishment(additiondecoration)HesaidhisidealwastowriteproselikeawindowpaneasclearasglassDetailedstudyofthetextDetailedstudyofthetextMarrakech*image,,*DetailedstudyofthetextDetailedstudyofthetextAsthecorpseTheopeningparagraphisverydramaticThechoiceofthissceneandthewordsheusesimpliesmuchmorethanwhatappearsonthesurface)dirty)poorinacloudinacloudalargenumberofsmallthingsmovingthroughtheairasamassacloudofinsectscrowdcrowdItsuggests)thelackoforder)peoplearenotterriblyconcernedaboutthefuneralallmenandboys,nowomenallmenandboys,nowomenAccordingtoMuslimlaw,Muslimsmustrespectwomen,andforthisreasongirlsandwomenusedtobekeptinthehouse,wheretheycouldbesafeWhentheywentout,theyworetheveilstocovertheirfacesButthislawhasbecomeakindofexcusetodiscriminateagainstwomenpomegranatespomegranatesreferstothefruitofthepomegranatetree,anativeofAsiaItisaroundreddishfruitwithamildflavourThewordcomestoEnglishfromtheoldFrenchpomeapplegranatehavingmanyseedschantchantawordorgroupofwordsthatisrepeatedoverandoveragain,usuallybymorethanonepersonareligiousprayerorsongthatisspokenorsungononlyaveryfewnotessothatthereisnotmuchvariationinitappealtoappealtoIfsomethingappealstoyou,youfinditattractiveorinterestingattractinterestfascinateThesebooksaredesignedtoappealtochildrenTheideaofbecomingdirectorofthefactoryappealedtohimidentifyidentifyrecognisebeabletonameCanyouidentifyyourumbrellaamongahundredothersSchoolboyscouldidentifyalmosteverycarasitpassedbyderelictbuildinglotderelictbuildinglotItwouldbeanugly,forgotten,abandonedplacewhereabuildingwasbegunbutneverfinished"derelict"comesfromtheLatinwordmeaning“toabandon”##HowpeopleareburiedinMarrakechwailashortchanthackanoblonghole(digwithoutcare)dumpthebodyflingoveritalittleofthedriedupearthThefactshowsthehumanlifehasnovalueatallThethesisThethesis"Allcolonialempire"ItisthecolonialempiresthatmakethepeoplesopoorEmpiresarebuiltupbytreatingthepeopleinthecolonieslikeanimalsThisthesisisgoingtobesupportedbymoreillustrationsandexamplesRhetoricalquestionsRhetoricalquestionsWhatsortofaudienceOrwellhadinmindwhenhewrotethisessayClearlyheiswritingtoreadersofhisownraceandgeneralclassSoifyousayyes,whydon'ttheyappeartobesoundifferentiatedundifferentiatedYoucan'tdifferentiateonebrownstufffromanother,becausetheylookjustthesameIftheydohaveindividuality,itisirrecognizable,justlikeinsects,likebeesregularityregularityastateorsituationinwhichthingshappenrepeatedlyThereisnoregularityabouthisworkHemakesthesamestupidsuggestionwithgreatregularityHisheartbeatswiththeregularityofaclockpendulumagazelleagazelle*image*gazelleahoofedmammalwithaslenderneckandringedhornsGazellesarefamousfortheirgraceandbeauty,andarenativetoAfricaandAsiamintsaucemintsauce*imgemintsauce*anEnglishspecialtymadeofacombinationofchoppedmintleaves,vinegar,andwaterIt'straditionallyservedwithroastlambstowstowtoput,hideawayinsafeplaceIfyoustowsthsomewhere,youputitneatlyawayinaplacewhereitcanbekeptuntilitisneeded=storestowaway=hidestow–stow–WestowedalltheboxesintheatticPotatoesmustbestowedinacooldarkplaceMyjewelleryissafelystowedawayinthebankHisbaggagewassafelystowedawayintheplane##ThewriterdescribedtheplightoftheJews,anpoorestminorityinacolonialcountryTheirfatecouldbeworsethanthatofthenativesquartersquartersapartment(roomhouse)residentialareaforparticularkindofpeoplethedoctor'squartersservantsquartersofficers'quartersconfinedtoquarterssleepingquartersghettoesorghettosghettoesorghettosOrwellusesghettoshereinthetraditionalsenseofaportionofacitypopulatedalmostexclusivelybyJewsAghettoisapartofatownorcityinwhichmanypoorpeopleormanypeopleofaparticularrace,religion,ornationalityliveinisolationfromthemajoritygroupinthetownorcityghettoesorghettosghettoesorghettosIt'saboutthisblackkidgrowingupintheghettoghettolifeinEuropeancitiesslumsandghettosovercrowdingovercrowdingadvvingdrycleaningovereatingupdatingdowngradingsoreeyedsoreeyedEyesareinfestedfrommalnutritionlackofmedicalcareunhygienicconditionskullcapskullcapaclosefittingbrimlesscapItisoftenwornindoorsandoftenbyOrthodoxJewsMenwhostrictlypracticeJudaismareneversupposedtohavetheirheadsbaredTheremustbesomepieceofclothetcbetweenmanandGodinfestinfestWheninsects,ratsorotheranimalsinfestaplant,area,theyspreadinalargenumbersandcoverthearea,usuallycausingdamageoverrunswarmpackcrowdteemfloodfillbethickwithflyinfestedfulloffliesThebackyardwasinfestedbyrats boothboothastallforsellinggoodspublictelephoneboothanannouncerboothamotionpictureprojectionboothprehistoricprehistoricancientoutofdateoroldfashionedHisideasonmoralsarereallyprehistoric(derogorhumor)IsSimon'sprehistoriccarstillworkinglathelatheamachineforshapingwood,metal warpwarptocausetobend,curve,ortwistoutofshapeThehotsunwarpedtheboardsSomegramophonerecordswarpinveryhotweatherfrenzied–adjfrenzied–adjfullofuncontrolledexcitementWillthispushhimtoofarandleadtoafrenziedattackShewasclimbingnowwithasortoffrenziedhasteafrenziedmobofoverathousandstudentmakefrenziedeffortsselfcontainedselfcontainedselfsufficientAselfcontainedcommunityisoneinwhichallornearlyalltheneedsofthecommunityaremetfromwithinThereislittleneedtogooutsideformaterialorculturaldesiresTheJewishghettosareselfcontainednotonlybypreferencebutalsobynecessity,sinceJewsmayhavebeenunwelcomeoutsideagoodjobcollBrEagoodjobcollBrEafortunatestateofaffairsThisrestaurantisnotcheap,soit'sagoodjobyou'vebroughtplentyofmoneyHe'sgone,andagoodjobtooThat'sonlyforshowThat'sonlyforshowTheJewonlypretendstoworkasapoorlabourershownsthfalseorsuperficial,pretenceImakeashowofinterest,butIreallycouldn'thavecaredlessHeputonagoodshow,buthedidn'tdeceiveanyoneHeisnotreallyillheisjustputtingonashowwitchcraftwitchcraftOrwellisprobablyreferringtomanyoccasionsinthe'sinbothEnglandandAmericawheninnocentwomenweretriedandoftenburnedorotherwisepunishedforwitchcraftBytheverynatureofthechargeitwasimpossiblefortheaccusedtodefendherself,justasitwasfortheJewsAndliketheJewswitchesservedasscapegoatsfortheillsofsocietythatcouldn'tbeexplainedSuchtrialsreachedtheirpeakinAmericaatSalem,Massachusetts##HaveyoualreadysensedoutthetoneOrwellhereisextremelybitterandironicalHedidn'topenlycriticizethewhitecolonialistswhopaidnoattentiontothepeoplewhosufferfrompovertyandmiseryInstead,hepretendsthattheyhaveasoundreasontoignoresuchpeopleThepeoplesimplycannotbeseenbecausetheyareofthecoloroftheearthInahotcountry…Inahotcountry…Youdon’tevenseethelaboreploughingthefieldSouthofGibralterallcountriesorearinNorthAfricaEastofSuezthemiddleeastAsiancountriesItisonlybecauseofthis…Itisonlybecauseofthis…“This”herestandsforthefactthatpeoplealwaysmissthepeasantslaboringinthefieldsbecausetheyhavethecoloroftheearthItisonlybecauseofthisreasonthatthesepoorstarvedcountriesareacceptedastouristresortsWhatdoesMoroccomeanWhatdoesMoroccomeanMoroccobeingaFrenchcolony,tomanyFrenchmenMoroccohasnomoremeaningthanaplacewheretheymightfindagovernmentjob,buyanorangegrovewiththeirmoneyorinvesthismoneyToanEnglishmanMoroccomeansnothingbutaromantic,mysteriouscountrywhichhehasreadinthenovelsCamels,castlesaretheromanticbitsinhismindbythenovelserodeerodewearawayeatintoIfrockorsoilerodesoriserodedbytheweather,seaorwind,itcracksandbreakssothatitisgraduallydestroyedRainandriverserodedthesoftsandstonesdesolatedesolatebarren(ofaplace)inaruinedandneglectedstateIfsthisdesolate,itisemptyofpeopleandlackingincomfortIfsbisdesolate,theyfeelverysad,lonelyandwithouthopeTheforestwasleftdesolatebythefireAfterthewarthetownwasadesolateplaceShehasbeendesolatesincelosingherjobdesolatedesolatevThelandwasdesolatedbyfloodsWeweredesolatedbythedeathofourgoodfriendlucernelucerne*image*namedfromtheFrench"Luzerne"(glowwornfromitsshinyseeds)ismorecommonlycalledalfalfaItiswidelycultivatedandusedasforagefoddernfoddernroughfoodforcattleorhorses,gatheredfromthefieldsandstoredspikenlongpointedpieceofmetalwithanoutwardorupwardpointharrownheavyframewithmetalteethordisksforbreakingupgroundafterploughingThisisasmuch…equaltoThisisasmuch…equaltoTheanimalsyokedtotheploughhadjustenoughstrengthtoploughthesoiltoadepthofaboutfourinchesTheycouldnotmakedeeperfurrowsgetatgetattoreachMarrakechisverydryEvenatadepthoforfeetthereisonlybutatrickleofwaterParaParaMiserablelifeofwomenIsupposethat…Isupposethat…TheauthorgavetheoldwomanalittlemoneyTheresponsewasashrillwailforshewasgreatlysurprisedTheoldwomanwasfullyaccustomedtohermiserableexistenceandtonotbeingtakennoticeofbyanyone,soshealmostconsideredtheauthortobedoingsomethingunnaturalbygivingherthemoneySheacceptedher…Sheacceptedher…Shetookitforgrantedthatasanoldwomanshewasthelowestinthesociety,thatshewasonlyfitfordoingheavyworklikeananimalStBernarddogStBernarddog*image*ASaintBernarddogisalarge,strongdog,thebreedofwhichcomesfromSwitzerlandThesedogsareoftenusedasapatroldogsinthemountainsThenamecomesfromthemonksoftheSaintBernardmonasterywhomadeuseofthebreedfifteenhandsmulefifteenhandsmuleAmuleaboutinchesorfeethighinfuriatevinfuriatevfillwithfuryorrageoutrageaggravateenrageprovokeComparisonComparisonDonkeyandWomanBothareoverloadedBotharewillingcreaturesBotharesmallBothareilltreatedBothhaveanmiserableendComparisonComparisonDonkeyandWomanVisibleInvisibleImplicationWomenareworsetreatedParaAsthestorks…ParaAsthestorks…Thepassiveplodding,earthboundblacksarecontrastedwiththeglitteringwhitebirdssogreat,pureandloftywhosailabovethemintheskyWhiletheformerareweigheddownbyheavypacks,aresweatinganduncomfortablyhot,thelatteraretosoarunfetteredinthecoolskyaboveContrastContrastStorknorthNegro–southclumpandclatterclumpandclatteronomatopoeiawordsdescribingthesoundofbootsandironwheelsastheymovedovertheroadSenegaleseSenegaleseTheblacksoldierswerefromSenegalSenegal:RepublicofSenegal,acountryinwesternAfrica,formerlypartofFrenchWestAfrica,population–,,,capitalDakarItbecameindependentin*image,*reachmedownreachmedownBritishcolloquialismsecondhandorreadymadeclothingwideeyedwideeyedWiththeeyesopenedwidely,asbecauseofsurprise,fear,lackofsophisticationIsawhowitwasIsawhowitwasIunderstandthereasonwhyThisistheresultofcolonizationThiswretchedboy…Thiswretchedboy…Thismiserableblackboyis,asaresultofthecolonizationofhiscountry,aFrenchcitizenThereforehehasbeenforcedtoleavehishomeintheforestandcometoagarrisontownwhereheahstodohardlaborsuchasscrubbingfloorsforthewhitesandwherehewillcatchsyphilisHoweverthisboy,insteadofhatingthewhites,hasdeeprespectforthemInthisconnection…Inthisconnection…inthiscaseWhilespeakingofsuchthings(whilespeakingoftheonethoughtwhicheverywhitemanthinks…)Itdoesn’tmattertwopence:Itdoesn’tmattertwopence:Itdoesn’tmatterabitItdoesn’tmatteratallNCONCONCOorNonCOsNoncommissionedofficeranenlistedpersonofanyvariousgradesinthearmedforces,fromcorporal下士tosergeant军士inclusiveranksranksThebodyofsoldiersofanarmy,asdistinguishedfromtheofficerscattlessoldiersobedientSymbolSymbolwhitebirdscrapsofpapersymbolicoffreedomFiveexamplestoillustratethefactFiveexamplestoillustratethefacttheburialofthepoorpeopleanemployeeofthemunicipalitypoorlivingandworkingconditionsoftheJewspoornaturalconditionsmiserablelifeofwomenThecauseoftheirpovertyThecauseoftheirpovertyColonialization"Allcolonialempiresareinrealityfoundeduponthisfact"(para)Racialdiscrimination"Thepeoplehavebrownfacesbesidestherearesomanyofthem"(para)"Heisthesamecolourastheearth,…"(para)ThecauseoftheirpovertyThecauseoftheirpovertyBlackpeople'signoranceHeshowedhisprofoundrespecttohisenemy"Hehasfeelingsofreverencebeforeawhiteskin""OnlytheNegroesdidn'tknowit“PoornaturalconditionsOrganizationalpatternOrganizationalpattern Sect(para)ExobjectivepresentationofExampletheburialofthepeopleinMarrakechSect(para)thethesis“Allcolonialempiresarefoundeduponthisfact”theauthor'scentralideaColonializationisbasedonthefactthatpeopleareverypoorOrganizationalpatternOrganizationalpatternSect(para)ExTheArabiangovernmentemployeeisaspoorasabeggarSect(para)Ex)thelivingconditionsoftheJews)thehardworktheJewsdo)biasedattitudeagainsttheJewsOrganizationalpatternOrganizationalpatternThespecificexampleofthepeopleclamouringforacigaretteshowsthatthepeoplearesopoor,yetpeoplestillhaverumour

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高级英语教案张汉熙版第二册第二单元

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