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首页 北师大近6年考博英语真题及答案

北师大近6年考博英语真题及答案

北师大近6年考博英语真题及答案

上传者: keke 2009-02-02 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《北师大近6年考博英语真题及答案pdf》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含仅供个人学习使用版权归北师大所有北师大考博英语试题IListeningComprehension(points)SectionADirections符等。

仅供个人学习使用版权归北师大所有北师大考博英语试题IListeningComprehension(points)SectionADirections:TherearefivestatementsinthissectionEachstatementwillbespokenonly'onceWhenyouhearastatement,readthefourchoicesgivenandchoosetheonewhichisclosestinmeaningtothestatementyouhaveheardbymarkingthecorrespondingletterA,B,C,orDontheANSVERSHEETwithasinglelinethroughthecenterAHeisinadrugstoreBHeisatadepartmentstoreCHeisathomeDHeisathisdoctor'sofficeAImissedin'trainbecauseyoustoppedmeBYoumademeforgetwhatIwassavingCYoulookedsodeepinthoughtthatIdidn'twanttobotheryouDYoutoldmenevertointerruptyouASallydrovebackandforthtoworktwicetodayBSallytooklongtimetodoherworkCSallytookherlunchwithhertoworkDSallyusuallygetstoworkinmuchlesstimeAIfyouauditacourse,youdon'thavetotakethetestsBYouhavetotakeatestifyouwanttoaddanothercourseCOfcourseyouneedtobuysometextbooksDItisnotnecessarytoorderatextbookAThespeaker'ssalaryis$BThespeaker'ssalaryis$CThespeaker'ssalaryis$DThespeaker'ssalaryis$SectionBDirections:Inthissection,youwillhearfiveshortconversationsAttheendofeachconversation,aquestionwillbeaskedaboutwhatwassaidBoththeconversationandthequestionwillbespokenonlyonceAftereachquestiontherewillbeapauseDuringthepause,youmustreadthefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandD,anddecide欢迎加入北师大考博QQ群:欢迎加入北师大考博QQ群:仅供个人学习使用版权归北师大所有whichisthebestanswerThenmarkthecorrespondingletterontheANSWERSHEETwithasinglelinethroughthecenterACleanupherroomBGetherreportbackCNotwaitforhimpastnoonDNotworryaboutherraincoatAItwasprobablyMrBrown'sphonenumberthatthewomanwrotedownBitwasjustanhouragothatthemanmetMrBrownCThewomanforgottowritedownthephonenumberDThewomanneededasheetofpapertoputdownthenumberASomeonewhoisinchargeofhuntingBAbossofacompanyCAjobseekingadvisorDSomeonewhoisinchargeoflookingfortalentsforacompanyAThewomanisnotcarefulatallthistimeBNomatterhowcarefulonecanbe,itisnotenoughCThewomanismostcarefulthistimeDThewomanhasneverbeencarefulATon:stayedinaroomonthesecondfloorforanhourBNobodybutthewomannoticedthatTomwasabsentCTomwasabsentwhenthediscussionwasheld"~DTomstayedinRoomforanhourSectionCDirections:Inthissection,youwillhearaninterviewLookatthefivestatementsforthispartonyourtestpaperanddecideifyouthinkeachstatementistrueorfalsewhileyouarelisteningtotheinterviewIfyouthinktheansweristrue,markA,ifyouthinktheanswerisfalse,markBontheeNSVERSHEETwithasinglelinethroughthecenterXiangzhenhaslivedintheUnitedStatessinceshewastenyearsoldInKorea,theAmericangesturefor"come"isused:ocalldogsWhentalkingtoanolderpersonorsomeonewithahighersocialpositionKoreanstraditionallylookattheperson'sfeet欢迎加入北师大考博QQ群:欢迎加入北师大考博QQ群:仅供个人学习使用版权归北师大所有Betweenmalesandfemales,directeyecontactisasignofattraction,AftermanyyearsintheUnitedStatesXiangzhen'sbodylanguageisstillcompletelyKorean"'IIReadingComprehension(points)Directions:ReadthefollowingpassagescarefullyendthenselectthebestanswerfromthefourchoicesmarkedA,B,C,andDbymarkingthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecenterSincethefirstbrainscannerwasconstructedseveralyearsago,computedtomographyorcomputedmedicalimagery,hasbecomefairlywidelyusedItsrapidacceptanceisduetothefactthatithasovercomeseveralofthedrawbacksofconventionalXraytechnologyTobeginwith,conventionaltwodimensionalXraypicturescannotshowalloftheinformationcontainedinathreedimensionalobjectThingsatdifferentdepthsaresuperimposed,causingconfusiontotheviewerComputedtomographycangivethreedimensionalinformationThecomputerisabletoreconstructpicturesofthebody'sinteriorbymeasuringthevaryingintensitiesofXraybeamspassingthroughsectionsofthebodyfromhundredsofdifferentanglesSuchpicturesarebasedonseriesofthin"'slices"Inaddition,conventionalXraygenerallydifferentiatesonlybetweenboneandair,asinthechestandlungsTheycannotdistinguishsofttissuesorvariationsintissuesTheliverandpancreasarenotdiscernibleatall,andcertainotherorgansmaxonlyberenderedvisiblethroughtheuseofradiopaquedyeSincecomputedtomographyismuchmoresensitive,thesofttissuesofthekidneysorthelivercanbeseenandclearlydifferentiatedThistechniquecanalsoaccuratelymeasuredifferentdegreesofXrayabsorption,facilitatingthestudyofthenatureof"tissueAthirdproblemwithconventionalXraymethodsistheirinabilityIomeasurequantitativelytheseparatedensitiesoftheindividualsubstancesthroughwhichtheXrayhaspassedOnlythemeanabsorptionofallthetissuesisrecordedThisisnotaproblemwithcomputedtomographyItcanaccuratelylocateatumorandsubsequentlymonitortheprogressofradiationtreatment,sothatinadditiontoitsdiagnosticcapabilities,itcanplayasignificantroleintherapyConventionalXraysmainlyshowthedifferencebetweenAboneandairBliverandpancreasCmuscleandotherbodytissuesDheartandlungs欢迎加入北师大考博QQ群:欢迎加入北师大考博QQ群:仅供个人学习使用版权归北师大所有WhatkindofviewismadepossiblebycontiguouscrosssectionsofthebodyATwodimensionalBThreedimensionalCAnimatedDIntensifiedItcanbeinferredformthepassagethatcomparedtoconventionalXraytechniques,computedtomographyismoreAcompactBrapidCeconomicalDinformativewhatistheauthor'sattitudetowardthisnewtechniqueACautiousBTolerantCEnthusiasticDCriticalAccordingtothepassage,computedtomographycanbeusedforallofthefollowingEXCEPTAmonitoringapatient'sdiseaseBdiagnosingdisordersClocatingtumorsDreconstructingdamagedtissuesPassageBecauseearlymanviewedillnessasdivinepunishmentandhealingaspurification,medicineandreligionwereinextricably,linkedforcenturiesThisnotionisapparentintheoriginofourword"pharmacy,"whichcomesfromtheGreekpharmakon,meaning"purificationthroughpurging"ByBC,theSumeriansintheTigrisEuphratesvalleyhaddevelopedvirtuallyallofourmodernmethodsofadministeringdrugsTheyusedgarglesinhalations,pills,lotions,ointments,andplastersThefirstdrugcatalog,orpharmacopoeia,waswrittenatthattimebyanunknownSumerianphysicianPreservedincuneiformscriptonasingleclay'tabletarethenamesofdozensofdrugstotreatailmentsthatstillafflictustodayTheEgyptiansaddedtotheancientmedicinechestTheEbersPapyrusascrolldatingfromBCandnamedaftertheGermanEgyptologistGeorgeEbersrevealsthetrialanderrorknowhowacquiredbyearlyEgyptianphysiciansTorelieveindigestion,achewofpeppermintleavesandcarbonates(knowntodayAsantacids)wasprescribed,andtonumbthepainoftoothextraction,EgyptiandoctorstemporarilystupefiedapatientwithethylalcoholThescrollalsoprovidesarareglimpseintothehierarchyofancientdrugpreparationThe"'chiefofthepreparersofdrugs"wastheequivalentofaheadpharmacist,whosupervisedthe"'collectorsofdrugs"fieldworkers,whogatheredessentialmineralsandherbsThe"'preparers"aides"(technicians)欢迎加入北师大考博QQ群:欢迎加入北师大考博QQ群:仅供个人学习使用版权归北师大所有driedandpulverizedingredients,whichwereblendedaccordingtocertainformulasby'the"'preparers"Andthe"conservatorofdrugs"oversawthestorehousewherelocalandimportedmineral,herb,andanimalorganingredientswerekeptBytheseventhcenturyBCtheGreekshadadoptedasophisticatedmindbodyviewofmedicineTheybelievedthataphysicianmustpursuethediagnosisandtreatmentofthephysicalcausesofdiseasewithinascientificframework,aswellascurethesupernaturalcomponentsinvolvedThus,theearly,Greekphysicianemphasizedsomethingofaholisticapproachtohealth,evenifthesuspected"mental"causesofdiseasewerenotrecognizedasstressanddepressionbutinterpretedascursesfromdispleaseddeitiesThemoderneraofpharmacologybeganinthesixteenthcentury,usheredinby'thefirstmajordiscoveriesinchemistryTheunderstandingofhowchemicalsinteracttoproducecertaineffectswithinthebodywouldeventuallyremovemuchoftheguessworkandmagicfrommedicineDrugshadbeenlaunchedonascientificcourse,butcenturies"wouldpassbeforesuperstitionwasdisplacedby'scientificfactOnemajorreasonwasthatphysiciansunawareoftheexistenceofdiseasecausingpathogenssuchasbacteriaandviruses,continuedtodreamupimaginarycausativeevilsAnd'thoughnewchemicalcompoundsemerged,theireffectivenessintreatingdiseasewasstillbasedlargelyontrialanderrorManystandard,commondrugsinthemedicinechestdevelopedinthistrialanderrorenvironmentSuchisthecomplexityofdiseaseandhumanbiochemistrythateventoday,despiteenormousstridesinmedicalscience,manyofthelatestsophisticateadditionstoourmedicinechestshelveswereaccidentalfindsTheauthorcitestheliteraldefinitionoftheGreekwordpharmakoninthefirstparagraphinordertoAshowthatancientcivilizationhadanadvancedformofmedicalscienceBpointoutthatman}'ofthebeliefsofancientcivilizationsarestillheldtodayCillustratethatearlymanthoughtrecoveryfromillnesswaslinkedtointernalcleansingDemphasizetheprimitivenatureofGreekmedicalscienceAccordingtothepassage,theseventhcenturyGreeks'viewofmedicinedifferedfromthatoftheSumeriansinthattheGreeksAdiscoveredmoreadvancedchemicalapplicationsofdrugsBacknowledgedboththementalandphysicalrootsofillness欢迎加入北师大考博QQ群:欢迎加入北师大考博QQ群:仅供个人学习使用版权归北师大所有CestablishedarigidhierarchyforthepreparationofdrugsDattributeddiseasetopsychological,ratherthanphysical,causesInParagraph,theword"holistic'"mostnearly'meansAintegratedBreligiousCmodernDphysiologicalThepassageindicatesthatadvancesinmedicalscienceduringthemoderneraofpharmacologymayhavebeendelayedby,AalackofunderstandingofheoriginsofdiseaseBashortageofchemicaltreatmentsfordiseaseCaninaccuracyinpharmaceuticalpreparationDanoveremphasisonthepsychologicalcausesofdiseaseInthefinalparagraph,theauthormakeswhichofthefollowingobservationsaboutscientificdiscoveryAHumanbiochemistryissuchacomplexsciencethatimportantdiscoveriesareuncommonBManycuresforcommondiseaseshaveyettobediscoveredCTrialanderroristhebestavenuetoscientificdiscoveryDChanceeventshaveledtothediscoveryofmanymodemdrugsPassageWhenimaginativementurntheireyestowardsspaceandwonderwhetherlifeexistsinany'partofit,theymaycheerthemselvesbyrememberingthatlifeneednotresemblecloselythelifethatexistsonEarthMarslooksliketileonlyplanetwherelifelikeourscouldexist,andeventhisisdoubtfulButtheremaybemilerkindsoflifebasedonotherkindsofchemistryandtheymaymultiplyonVenususorJupiterAtleaswecannotproveatpresentthattheydonotEvenmoreinterestingisthepossibilitythatlifeontheirplanetsmaybeinamoreadvancedstageofevIutionPresentdaymanisinapeculiarandprobablytemporarystageHisindividualunitsretainastrongsenseofpersonalityTheyare,infact,stillcapableunderfavorablecircumstancesofleadingindividuallivesButman'ssocietiesarealreadysufficiently'developedtohaveenormouslymorepowerandeffectivenessthantheindividualshaveItisnolikelythatthistransitionalsituationwit!continueverytongortheevolutionarytimescaleFiftythousand,yearsfromnowman'ssocietiesmayhavebecomesocloseknitthattheindividualsretainnosenseofseparatepersonalityThenlittledistinctionwillremainbetweentheorganicpartsofthemultipleorganismandtheinorganicparts(machines)thathavebeenconstructedbyitAmillionyears欢迎加入北师大考博QQ群:欢迎加入北师大考博QQ群:仅供个人学习使用版权归北师大所有furtheronmanandhismachinesmay'havemergedascloselyasthemusclesofthehumanbodyandthenervecellsthatsettheminmotionTheexplorers~ofspaceshouldbepreparedforsomesuchsituationIftheyArriveonaforeignplanetthathasreachedanadvancedstage(andthisisby'nomeansimpossible),they'mayfinditbeinginhabitedbyasinglelargeorganismcomposedofmanycloselycooperatingunitsTheunitsmaybe"'secondary,'"machinescreatedmillionsofyearsagobyapreviousformoflifeandgiventhewillandability'tosurviveandreproduceTheymaybebuiltentirelyofmetalsandotherdurablematerials,ifthisisthecase,theymaybemuchmoretolerantoftheirenvironmentmultiplyingunderconditionsthatwoulddestroyimmediatelyanyorganismmadeofcarboncompoundanddependentonthefamiliarcarboncycleSuchcreaturesmightberelicsofapastage,manymillionsofyearsago,whentheirplanetwasfavorabletotheoriginoflifeortheymightbeimmigrantsfromafavoredplanetWhatdoestheword"cheer"(Para,Line)implyAImaginativemenaresureofsuccessinfindinglifeonotherplanetsBImaginativemenaredelightedtofindlifeonotherplanetsCImaginativemenarehappytofindadifferentkindoflifeexistingonotherplanetsDimaginativemeacanbepleasedwiththeideathattheremightexistdifferentformsoflifeonotherplanetsHumansonEartharecharacterizedbyAtheirexistenceasfreeandseparatebeingsBtheircapabilityoflivingunderfavorableconditionsCtheirgreatpowerandeffectivenessDtheirstrongdesireforlivinginacloseknitsocietyAccordingtothispassage,somepeoplebelievethateventuallyAhumansocietieswillbemuchmorecooperativeBmanwillliveinahighlyorganizedworldCmachineswilltakecontrolovermanDlivingbeingswilldisappearfromEarthEvenmostimaginativepeoplehavetoadmitthatAhumansocietiesareasadvancedasthoseonsomeotherplanetsBplanetsotherthanEartharenotsuitableforlifelikeourstostay,Citisdifficulttodistinguishbetweenorganicpartsandinorganicpartsofthehumanbody欢迎加入北师大考博QQ群:欢迎加入北师大考博QQ群:仅供个人学习使用版权归北师大所有DorganismsaremorecreativethanmachinesItseemsthatthewriterAisinterestedintheimaginarylifeformsBiseagertofindadifferentformoflifeCiscertainoftheexistenceofanewlifeformDiscriticaloftheimaginativepeoplePassageEducationisoneofthekey,wordsofourtimeAmanwithoutaneducation,manyofusbelieve,isat:unfortunatevictimofunfortunatecircumstancesdeprivedofoneofthegreatesttwentiethcenturyopportunitiesConvincedoftheimportanceofeducation,modernstates‘invest',ininstitutionsoflearningtogetback"interest"intheformofalargegroupofenlightenedyoungmenandwomenwhoarepotentialleadersEducationwithitscyclesofinstructionsocarefullyworkedout,punctuatedbytextbooksthosepurchasablewellsofwisdomwhatwouldcivilizationbelikewithoutitsbenefitsSomuchiscertain:thatwewouldhavedoctorsandpreachers,lawyersanddefendants,marriagesandbirthbutourspiritualoutlookwouldbedifferentWewouldlaylessstresson"factsandfigures"andmoreonagoodmemory,onappliedpsychology,,andonthecapacityofamantogetalongwithhisfellowcitizensIfoureducationalsystemwerefashionedafteritsbooklesspastwewouldhavethemostdemocraticformof"college"imaginableAmongthepeoplewhomweliketocallsavagesallknowledgeinheritedbytraditionissharedbyallitistaughttoeverymemberofthetribescthatinthisrespecteverybodyisequally,equippedforlifeItistheidealconditionofthe"equalstart"whichonlyourmostprogressiveFormsofmoderneducationtry,toregainInprimitiveculturestheobligationtoseekandtoreceivethetraditionalinstructionisbindingtoallThereareno"illiterates"ifthetermcanbe,appliedtopeopleswithoutascriptwhileourowncompulsoryschoolattendancebecamelawinnecessaryin,inFrancein,andinEnglandin,,andisstillnonexistentinanumberof"civilized"nationsThisshowshowlongitwasbeforewedeemeditnecessarytomakesurethinallonknowledgeaccumulatedbythe"happyfew"duringthepastcenturiesEducationinthewildernessisnotamatterofmonetarymeansAllareentitledtoanequalstartThereisnoneofthehurrywhich,inoursociety,oftenhampersthefulldevelopmentofagrowingpersonalityThere,achildgrowsupundertheeverpresentattentionofhisparentsthereforethejunglesandthesavagesknowofno"juveniledelinquency"Nonecessityofmakingalivingawayfromhomeresultsinneglectofchildren,andnofatherisconfrontedwithhisinabilityto"buy"aneducationforhischild欢迎加入北师大考博QQ群:欢迎加入北师大考博QQ群:仅供个人学习使用版权归北师大所有ThebesttitleforthispassageisATheSignificanceofEducation

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  • yanzi 2009-08-21 01:27:36

    谢谢

  • 坤困 2009-02-12 23:22:00

    谢谢你的好心了,真是好心人~~

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