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首页 虚拟语气课件

虚拟语气课件

虚拟语气课件

Haisom
2009-01-20 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《虚拟语气课件ppt》,可适用于高等教育领域

虚拟语气虚拟语气表示动作或状态不是客观存在的事实而是说话人的主观愿望假设或推测等。egIfIwereyou,IshouldstudyEnglishIwishyoucouldgowithmeMayyousucceed!用于条件从句用于主语从句用于宾语从句用于状语从句用于定语从句用于简单句wish,suggest,orderItiswas形容词+that…If…asif,asthough基本用法基本用法Ifplacesalike,therewouldbelittleneedforgeographersAbeingBareCbeDwereIfwe(know)thatthebookswereavailable,wewouldhaveboughtthemyesterdayhadknown有时可以把含有助动词情态动词be或have的虚拟条件句省去而将had,should,were等词提到主语之前即倒装。*IfIwereyou,Iwouldgowithhim=WereIyou,Iwouldgowithhim*IfIhadknownthenews,Iwouldhavetoldyouaboutthat=HadIknownthenews,Iwouldhavetoldyouaboutthat倒装用法倒装用法Hadheworkedharder,hethefinalexaminationsAmusthavegotthroughBwouldhavegotthroughCwouldgetthroughDcouldgetthroughtomorrowmorning,shewouldreachBeijingbythisSundayAWouldsheleaveBifshewillleaveCHadsheleftDWereshetoleave主从句的动作发生时间不一致的情况。 有时条件从句中的动作和主句中的动作发生的时间不一致这时动词的形式要根据它所表示的时间加以调整。egIfyouhadlistenedtothedoctor,youwouldbeallrightnow  IfyouhadpracticedspeakingEnglishmore,youwouldbeabletospeakitfluently   (从句动作指过去主句动作指现在)Icouldhavecalledyouyesterday,butIyoutelephonenumberAdidn’thaveBwon’thaveChadn’thaveDwouldn’thavePeterthedriver’stest,buthewasn’tcalmenoughinthelasttenminutesAmighthavepassedBmusthavepassedCwillpassedDoughttohavepassed “Itisimportant(strangenaturalnecessaryvitalurgentimperativenaturalessentialdesirable)that…(should)V原形”表示某事“重要”“奇怪”“自然”“必要”等意义。egItisimportantthateverymember(should)informhimselfoftheserulesItisnecessarythathe(should)besentthereatonceItisdecided(hasbeendecided)thatthemeeting(should)bepostponedtilltomorrow用于主语从句中Itisnecessarythathe(take)agoodrestafterworkingforalongtimeItwasridiculousthathethatwayyesterdayAbehavedBshouldbehaveCshallbehaveDwouldbehave(should)take用于宾语从句用于宾语从句IwishIlongerthismorning,butIhadtogetupandcometoclassAcouldhavesleptBhadsleptCmighthavesleptDhavesleptHowhewishedthathetheconcert!AwenttoBhadgonetoCshouldhavegonetoDwouldgoto在表示建议要求命令的词“suggest,demand,order,propose,insist,command,request,desire”后的宾语从句中:“(should)动词原形”egIsuggestthatwe(should)setoffatonceIdemandedthathe(should)answermeimmediately注:以上动词的名词形式用于同位语从句中从句中的动词也是用“(should)动词原形”ThedoctorrecommendedthatheforafewdaysArestsBrestCrestedDwillrestThedoctorrequiredthateverymemberinhisdepartment(refer)tohisreport(should)referWeareinfavorofyourproposalthatthemeetingAshouldbeputoffBwasputoffCshouldputoffDistoputoffHisrecommendationwasthatanexperiencedsalesmanagertothebranchcompanyinShanghaitotakechargeofthemarketingthereAwassentBsendCbesentDwouldbesent用于状语从句用于状语从句evenifeventhough主句和从句都用虚拟语气动词形式与含有非真实条件句的虚拟语气相同。egEvenifLinTaowerehere,IshouldsaythesamethingEventhoughhehadbeenill,hewouldhavegonetohisofficeasifasthough从句的谓语形式为动词过去式(be用were)或“had过去分词”egHetreatsmeasifIwereastrangerShetalkedaboutthefilmasifshehadreallyseenitlest,forfearthat,incase“以防以免”Sheemphasizeditagainandagain,lesthe(should)forgetLest从句用虚拟语气(should)V原形用于其他从句用于其他从句“Itis(abouthigh)time(that)…”,从句动词形式用过去式It’stimewewenttoschoolIt’shightimewedidourhomeworkwouldrather,wouldsooner(宁愿)wouldjustassoon(宁愿)后谓语用一般过去时:表示现在或将来虚拟过去完成时:表示过去虚拟虚拟条件句可以转化的形式。虚拟条件句可以转化的形式。省略连词if在书面语中如果虚拟条件从句中有werehad或should可以省略if把这几个词放到主语之前构成主谓倒装。egHadhebeenmorecareful(Ifhehadbeenmorecareful),suchmistakescouldhavebeenavoided用介词短语代替条件状语从句without,butfor(要不是),otherwise,butthat,exceptfor,only,but,oregWithoutair(Iftherewerenoair),therewouldbenolivingthings与现在事实相反Butforyourhelp(Ifithadnotbeenforyourhelp)Icouldnothavedoneit与过去事实相反Withoutwaterandair,therelivingthingsontheearthAbeBwouldbenoCweretobeDwasYouyourworkaheadoftimewithouttheirhelpAhaven’tcompletedBwouldn’thavecompletedCweren’tcompletingDshouldn’thavecompleted省略主句(常用以表示愿望)IfonlywouldV原形(或V一般过去)“要是……就好了”Ifonlyshehadnotleft!Ifonlymygrandmotherwerewithme!Ifonlythewindweretoshouldstop!Ifonlyshe(know)thatherbehaviorwasnotwelcome,shewouldhavebeenmorecarefulwithhermannersIlostthepenyouhadboughtmeformybirthdayIfonlyI(notlose)ithadn’tlosthadknown判断是否虚拟判断虚拟类型判断虚拟时间

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