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首页 2009考研英语作文背诵版

2009考研英语作文背诵版.doc

2009考研英语作文背诵版

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2009-01-11 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2009考研英语作文背诵版doc》,可适用于高等教育领域

考研英语作文背诵精华之十三章经沪江风中劲草倾力打造wwwhjbbscom转载请保留此信息英语作文十三章经第一部分:九大原则词汇。这个是来自《托福作文高分技巧》吴建业编。九大原则词汇是展开思路用的。我们在写作文的时候没有办法展开的时候就可以按这九大原则展开。比如说偶像崇拜离不开浪费钱浪费时间在文化方面有什么好处在健康方面心理方面有什么影响等等这样就有话说。所以记忆这些万金油式的保底词汇是非常必要的。第一部分:九大原则词汇一、金钱原则词汇资产assetv浪费beextravagant预算budgetn消费品consumergoods贵重的costlya存钱depositvt经济负担economicburden经济困难economicdifficulty花费expendvt奢侈的extravaganta资助financen接受某人的资助经济资助financeaid给某人经济资助资金紧张financestrain某部门资金紧张政府税收governmentrevenue医疗保健healthcare政府的医疗保健无家可归homeless饥饿hungern收入incomen保险insurancen投资investv失业者joblessn下岗工人laidoffworker滥用lavishv有限的公共资金limitedpublicfunds赚钱的lucrativea豪华的luxuriousa挥霍moneyconsuminga拜金主义的moneyorienteda必需品necessityn贫困的needya透支overdraftv抵押pawnv财产property节约紧缩开支retrenchvi赢利的profitablea津贴subsidizev纳税人taxpayer福利welfare二、健康原则词汇有氧运动aerobicexercise平衡饮食balanceddiet有害健康的bephysicallydamaging过于肥胖的bloated致癌的cancercausing食肉类的carnivorousadj慢性的chronic方便食品conveniencefood治愈cure头昏眼花的dizzy危及endangervt精力充沛的energeticadj传染病epidemics根除eradicatevt使恶化exasperatevt过量摄入excessiveintake排气exhaust疲劳fatiguen高脂肪高热量highfatandcalorie免疫的immune绝症incurabledisease消化不良indigestion懒惰的indolentadj传染病infectiousdisease失眠症insomnian垃圾食品junkfood慢跑jog预期寿命lifeexpectancy减肥loseweight疾病malady营养不良malnutrition医学的medical近视nearsighted营养品nourishmentn器官移植organtransplant超重overweight预防prevention治疗treament肿瘤tumor提供营养nourish卡路里calorie饥饿starvation营养不良malnutrition三、智力原则词汇表达能力abilityofexpression洞察力acumen熟练的adept赏识appreciatevt评价assessmentn智力brainsn发挥才干bringintothetalents证书certificaten创造性的creativeadj培养cultivatevt识别力discernmentn天资endowmentn开发explorevt幻想的fantasticadj理想主义idealismn个性individualityn天赋inherencen本能的instinctiveadj智商intelligencequotient有文化literacy掌握mastervt值得称赞的品质meritn激情passionn观点perspectiven充分发挥putintogreatplay素质教育qualityeducation荒谬的ridiculousadj生存能力survivalability依赖科技的technologydependentadj远程教育teleeducationn思维模式thinkingpattern智慧witn四、文化原则词汇传统与现代巧妙结合acleverblendoftraditionalandmodern同一的世界文化ahomogenousworldculture归属感asenseofbelonging土著文化aboriginalculture吸取精华absorbthequintessence吸收absorb美学价值aesthetic祖先ancestor古代的ancient人类学家anthropologists陈旧观念antiquatedidea艺术价值artisticvalue同化assimilatevt丰富的beabundantadj传递bepasseddown灿烂光辉的文化brilliantandgorgeousculture发扬光大carryforward著名的celebrated特有的characteristicadj文明的civilizedadj凝聚力cohesionn文化摇篮cradleofculture培养cultivatevt文化习惯culturalhabit文化遗产culturalheritage文化特性culturalidentity文化古迹culturalobjectsandhistoricrelics文化、精神和学术生活cultural,spiritual,andintellectuallife狂热的崇拜cultn破坏devastatevt知识的传播diffusionn多样性diversityn民族文化特色ethnicandculturalidentity节日气氛festivityn民间艺术folkart文化全球一体化globalizationofculture博大精深greatandprofound手工艺handicraftn历史文物historicrelics文盲illiteracy不朽的immortaladj正流行invogue根深蒂固的看法ingrainnotion继承inheritn有意义的instructiveadj少数民族minorityn民族特性nationalidentity民族自豪感nationalpride思想开放openmindedadj不流行了的outoffashion外来影响outsideinfluence通俗的popularadj宝贵的preciousadj取其精华去其糟粕rejectthedrossandassimilatetheessence表现、象征representvt保护retentionn社会学sociologyn壮丽的splendidadj时髦的stylishadj表面的superficialadj传统文化教育traditionalculturaleducation以……为骄傲takepridein种族传统tribaltraditions多样性varietyn五、道德原则词汇虐待abuse,好斗的aggressiveadj自私自利的人anegocentricperson易受社会恶习的侵蚀bepronetosocialills虐待儿童childabuse家庭暴力domesticviolence有深远的影响haveatremendousimpact无知ignorance不成熟的immatureadj干涉interventionn青少年的juvenileadj松散的纪律laxdiscipline引入歧途的misleadingadj天真的naive负面的影响negativerolemodel不恰当的材料offensivematerial家长的过分宽容parentalpermissiveness犯罪perpetrate不正当的pervertedadj恰当的指引properguidance合理化rationalization抵挡住诱惑resistthetemptation危险的行为riskybehaviors行为榜样rolemodel单亲家庭singleparentfamily宠坏的spoiledadj密切家庭感情strengtheningthefamilyties把虚幻当现实takefantasyforreality抚养upbringing受害者victimn粗俗的vulgaradj扫除文盲wipeoutilliteracy六、感情原则词汇充满深情的affectionateadj忧虑anxietyn孤独apartnessn,愉快的cheerfuladj性格相似的congenialadj令人绝望的desperateadj缺乏自信的diffidentadj行为古怪的人eccentricadj情绪emotionn热情enthusiasmn忠实的faithfuladj鼓励fostervt友好的friendlyadj失败的frustrated隔阂gapn和谐的harmoniousadj怀有希望的hopefuladj忽视ignorevt虐待illtreatvt自卑的inferioradj内向的introvertedadj误会misunderstandingn乐观者optimistn悲观的pessimisticadj反叛的rebelliousadj浪漫的romanticadj诚挚sincerityn紧张的strainedadj充耳不闻turnadeafear不爱交际的unsociableadj热心的warmheartedadj忧虑worryn七、权利原则词汇指责accusevt禁止banvtn公然侵犯brazenencroachment公正的candidadj集体主义collectivismn秘密的confidentialadj消费者协会consumer’sassociation版权copyrightn视为……权利demandasone’sdue确立establishmentn被迫forcevt合理的legalityadj限制limitnvt压力pressuren隐私privacyn正直的righteousadj性别歧视sexualdiscriminations社会保障制度socialsecurity强制的compulsoryadj八、时间原则词汇浪费时间agreatwasteoftime效率efficiencyn沉湎于indulgein沉迷于beobsessedwith消磨时光passtime自控selfcontroln自律selfdiscipline挤时间squeezetime占用takeup上瘾beaddictedto九、环保原则词汇大气污染atmosphericpollution被耗尽beexhausted美化beautificationn污秽的begrimedadj化学物质chemicalsubstances条件conditionn保护conservevt沙漠化desertificationn使恶化deterioratevt灭绝dieout一次性产品disposableproducts持久的,耐用的durableadj生态平衡ecologicalbalance生态系统ecologicalsystem排放emitvt濒临灭绝的物种endangeredspecies能源短缺energyshortage环保的environmentalistn使加剧exacerbatevt风景landscapen城市垃圾municipalrefuse城市污水municipalsewage噪声污染noisepollution尽可能改善工作环境optimizetheenvironmen农药pesticide有毒的poisonous污染物pollutantn毁灭ruinv水土流失soilerosion土壤污染soilpollution废气wastegas废水wastewater水体污染waterbodypollution使变得更坏worsenv第二部分:个人总结生活话题分类词汇(特别关注二和三)一、图表写作常用词汇★★表格图table图表chartdiagramgraphcolumn描述:showdescribeillustraterevealrepresent数字figure数据statistic百分比percentage比例proportion一般haveatover在面积上inarea最高peaksreachedapeakhighpoint最低bottomedoutreachedthebottom变化increasejumpriseclimbdecreasefalldropdeclinereducefluctuateremainsteadystablestaysame程度suddensuddenlyrapidrapidlydramaticdramaticallysignificantsignificantlysharpsharplysteepsteeplygradualgraduallyslowslowlyslightslightlystablestablyalmostnearlyapproximatelyexactlypreciselyincreasebydecreaseby(写出变化幅度)合计美元addupto$总数达:addupto占世界总人数的makeupof从……增加到rosegrewclimbedfrom…to增加到grewupto增至最高峰:Risetoahighof减少到decreaseto跌至最低谷:droptoalowof大幅度增长increasesharply飞速:rapidlysharplysteeply高居榜首Topthelistheadthechart饼状图圆形图(piechart)稳固下降steadydecline由…组成:consistofbemadeupofbecomposedof占比例:accountformakeuppercent位居第一:rankthefirst仅次于issecondto居第二位:insecondspot倒数第一isthelastone第二大部份rankthesecondthesecondlargestsection与相比:comparedwithA与B成比例AbeinproportiontoB差不多:Aboutaroundroughly多达asmanyas正好:Exactlyprecisely水平:leveloff递增:ontheriseincreasegrowriseclimbgoup急剧上升:growsharply递减:onthedeclinedecreasefallreducegodown曲线图(graphchartdiagram)柱状图(barchart)增加:increasegrowriseclimbgoup减少:decreasedeclinefallreducegodown剧烈显著大幅度:sharplydramaticallysignificantlyrapidlyconsiderablyenormouslyprofoundlysubstantially平稳逐渐:steadilygraduallyslightly持续上升下降:onanincreaseonthedecline保持不变:remainstableremainsteadyremainunchanged上升后变得平稳:reachaplateau达到顶点低谷:reachthetoppeakfalltothebottom波动:fluctuateriseandfall达到了:reachapproachadduptoamounttoincreasetodecreaseto某年发生的变化:sawwitnessedasharpincreasein…是年的倍:wastwiceasmanyasthatin从图表上看:Fromthesegraphs得到结论:drawaconclusion二、关于生活体验等(常考特别重要)★★★★产品科技含量technologicalelementofproduct大学生创业universitystudents’innovativeundertaking双赢局面winwinsituation首创精神pioneeringspirit振兴中华makeChinapowerfulandstrong富裕affluence繁荣boom购买力buyingpower竞争competition生活费用costofliving解决问题crackthenuts大家公认itisuniversallyacknowledgedthat全力以赴bringone’stalentintofullplay适应新的形势变化adaptadjustaccommodateoneselftonewenvironmentchange获得成功achieveaccomplishsuccess提出观点advanceputforwardcomeupwithargumentsideas较好地驾驭生活beabetterpilotofone’slife对……很好的了解haveabetterunderstandingof把某种因素考虑进去takesthintoaccountconsiderationgivemuchthoughtto品味人生自由青春savorthelifefreedomyouth交流经验shareexperienceideasproblemsknowledge发挥起到积极作用playanimportantactivegreatrolepart面临困难危险beconfrontedwithdangerdifficultyinthefaceof阻碍了成功standinthewayofsuccessbeanobstaclebarrierto缩小差别narrowfillthegapgulf(betweencityandcountry)把成功错误归因于attributeoweone’ssuccessfailureto对……重要bevitalimportantindispensableto施加压力exertputpressureon重视attachassignmuchimportancesignificanceto把注意力集中在focusconcentrateone’sattentioneffortsupon抓住机会grabseizetaketheopportunity有可能thereis(littlemuch)possibilitylikelihoodthat献身于devotededicatecommitoneselftoacausecareer真正重要的是whatreallymatterscountsis影响思想态度shapeone’sthinkingattitude实现自己的理想愿望realizefulfillachieveone’sdreamhope减轻压力紧张reducealleviatethestresspressure提高社会地位upgradesocialstatusenhancesocialposition加快促进发展accelerateadvanceenhancethedevelopment随着生活节奏的加快withthequickeningpaceofmodernlife充满激情haveaburningdesirefor充满渴望haveagreatpassionfor沮丧的gloomy客观的objective主观的subjective乐观的optimistic悲观的pessimistic怨恨的resentful可敬的respectable深远的影响farreachingconsequences以其最强有力的形式initsstrongestform挣钱养活自己earnone’sliving赡养父母supportone’sparents普遍现象commonphenomenon现代社会modernsociety相互对立inoppositiontoeachother不管nomatterhow如何对待财富与幸福howtoapproachwealthandhappiness一个更美好更光明的未来amuchbetterandbrighterfuture从失败中吸取教训drawusefullessonsfrom丧失信心并退却了loseheartandgivein人民对待……的看法截然不同peoplearequitedifferentfromeachotherintheiropinionson…无可否认thereisnodenyingthefactthat赏识他的非凡的能力appreciatehisexceptionalability人才招聘会jobhunting大势所趋thewaveofthefuture一时冲动animpulseactivity体力劳动physicallabor灵活的flexible充分发挥……的积极性bringone’sinitiativeintofullplay三、关于教育的词汇(非常重要)★★★★入学enterentrance登记注册becomeamemberoftoenrollenrollmentregisterregistration录取admissionbeadmittedtoaccept获取进一步教育obtainfurthereducation要求录取条件requirements录取标准admissionstandards学习成绩academicrecordacademicachievements索要申请材料requestforapplicationmaterial教育目标educationalgoals文凭diploma学位degree教育体制educationalsystem学前教育preschooleducation小学primaryschoolselementaryschools中学middleschoolshighschools初中juniormiddleschooljuniorhighschool高中seniormiddleschoolseniorhighschool职业学校技术学校vocationalschoolstechnicalschools大学学院collegesuniversitiesinstitutes同样地类似地likewisesimilarlyinthesameway与……相似与……一致和……等同bethesameascorrespondtoagreewithresemblebeequivalentto相反与……不同相比而言另一方面不过incontrastbycontrastwithtoontheotherhandonthecontrarybycomparison与……不同differentfrom不同之处差别差异区别distinctiondissimilarity尖端科学advancedscience一流的设施firstratefacilities扩大知识面boradenone’sscopeofknowledge人生观outlookonlife体验新文化experienceanewculture优缺点strengthsandweakness高素质、有经验的老师highlyqualified,wellexperiencedteachingstaffs多文化multicultural脱颖而出standoutfromthecrowd核心能力corecompetencies独立思考thinkindependently挑战challenge机遇opportunities开阔视野expandyourhorizons与人交往integratewithotherpeople人际交往能力interpersonalskill建设性constructive前景prospects国际声誉worldclassreputation发挥学习潜能reachhisorherfulllearningpotetial素质教育educationforallrounddevelopment知识产权intellectualpropertyfights失学儿童dropoutstudent扫盲eliminateilliteracy人才外流braindrain复合型人才interdisciplinarytalent教书育人impartknowledgeandeducatepeople精神文明建设promoteculturalandideologicalprogress科教兴国relyonscienceandeducationtorejuvenatethenation因材施教teachstudentsaccordingtotheiraptitude义务教育compulsoryeducation知识经济knowledgebasedeconomy丰富生活enrichourlife扩大视野broadenmyhorizon接触各种思想beexposedtonewideasexperience产生影响haveexertaprofoundinfluenceonlifepersonalityhaveadramaticundesirableeffecton开阔眼界broadenone’soutlookexpandone’smentalhorizons充分发挥能力givefullplaytoone’sability论题主题:themes大学毕业生universitygraduates儿童教育childeducation热门话题hottopic教育专家educationalexpert保护知识产权protectintellectualproperty成人教育和职业教育adulteducationandvocationaleducation文化素质culturalqualities推动giveapushto促进进步promoteprogress概念concept改进教和学improveteachingandlearning按分数accordingtothegrades培养train,cultivate地区性的regional读写困难difficultiesforemployment就业机会opportunitiesforemployment受过良好教育welleducated遗憾的是itisapitythat造成了困难causesomedifficulties希望工程HopeProject青年志愿者YoungVolunteers有用的知识usefulknowledge创新innovation分析的技巧analyticalskil四、关于住房、生活条件等的词汇★★生活条件livingconditions归因于beattributedto提高……的能力enhancetheabilityto生活水平livingstandard刺激人们对……的渴望stimulatepeople’sdesirefor制定政策formulatepolicies向……提供贷款grantloansto为…拨出大量资金allocatehugefundsfor象征serveasasymbolof改进生活betterone’slife随着物价和房租迅速上升withthepricesandhouserentsincreasingrapidly高层建筑highbuildings涌入城市rushintothecity前景不容乐观theconditionisstillfarfrombeingsatisfactory当务之急是itisurgentforusto…开拓地下空间openupundergroundhousingarea住房问题housingproblem公寓flat买房buyaccommodation首付downpayment院子yard选择合适的房址chooseaproperlocation当地居民localresidents当地政府localauthorities计划生育birthcontrol脱贫致富shakeoffpovertyandsetoutonaroadtoprosperity突围困难makebreakthroughoutofdifficulty许多问题ahostofamultitudeofproblems引起人们的注意attractgeneralpublicattentiontosth意识到thereisagrowingawarenessthat随着物价和房租迅速上升withthepricesandhouserentsincreasingrapidly人均收入迅速提高averagepersonalincomeincreaserapidly人口的出生率已经大大下降therehasbeenagreatdeclineinbirthrates人民生活改善theimprovementinpeople’slivingconditions改革开放政策thereformandopeninguppolicy国民经济正在迅速发展therehasbeenarapidexpansionofnationaleconomy出生率已得到控制thebirthratehasbeenputonthecontrol对……的生存造成显著的威胁causethemostsignificantthreattothesurvivalof…日益增长的需求everincreasingdemand满足人民日益增长的需求meetthegrowingneedsofpeople死亡率出生率deathratesbirthrates医疗保健的改革theimprovementinmedicalcare假冒伪劣商品fakeandinferiorproducts多余的redundant难以抗拒的irresistibly房地产realestates刺激spur动摇信心shatterconfidence大城市metropolis空调airconditioningairconditioner(空调机)远远超过farsurpass左右为难dilemma代价太高highcost与日俱增increaseeveryday生活质量thequalityoflife偏远地区remoteareas高层建筑highrisingbuilding住房建设housingconstruction从长远的观点看inthelongrun境况circumstance必然结论inevitableconclusion广大农村vastruralareas推广spread把……应用于生产apply…toproduction温饱问题thepeople’sbasicneedforfoodandclothing消费者协会consumerassociation小康生活livingarelativelycomfortablelife不容忽视cannotbeignored生活环境变得卫生livingenvironmentbecomesanitary五、关于互联网的词汇★★★互联网theInternet对…着迷为…所困扰beobsessedwith网恋cyberromance对……表现出极大的兴趣todisplaymuchinterestin引起人们的兴趣和注意toarousepeople’sinterestandconcern找出……的原因totracethereasonfor由于thanksto(好的方面)dueto(不好的方面)高度的压力highpressure被剥夺tobedeprivedof在现实生活中inreallife爱上某人tofallinlovewithsb虚幻的世界unrealworld尝试新事物totrynewthings说谎totelllies形成正确态度developacorrectattitude正确利用tomakeproperuseof成为……的牺牲品tofallvictimto网上经营webbusiness网上文化onlineculture大众传播媒介massmedia网上购物onlineshopping发电子邮件forwardanemail网络经济CyberEconomy网上冲浪surfthenet技术进步technologicaladvancement跟得上变化keepupwiththechange计算机的发明inventionofcomputers信息安全informationsecurity盲目追逐时尚followsomefashionblindly形成不良活习气betemptedintoanunhealthylifestyle信息网络informationnetwork影响人们行为举止influencethewaythatpeoplebehave视觉娱乐节目visualentertainment易受影响的susceptible科技的发展advanceinscienceandtechnology六、关于青少年犯罪和生活的词汇 青少年犯罪率adolescentcrimerate持续上升keeponarise违反法律breakthelaw应该是resupposedtobe引起警惕和关注causealarmandattention放火,纵火arson在大街上抢劫同龄人robtheirpeersonthestreet社会和经济背景socialandeconomicbackgrounds青少年罪犯youngoffenders青少年犯罪率的升降theriseandfallofadolescentcrimerate保持在最低点remainataminimum预测后果predicttheconsequences尽可能接受更多的教育receiveasmucheducationaspossible使他们免受暴力的影响protectthemfromtheinfluenceofviolence将不良影响减小到最低点reducethebadinfluencetoaminimum避免不良后果avoidharshconsequences青少年犯罪juveniledelinquency拜金主义moneyworship虐待儿童childabuse人们认为itisgenerallywidelybelievedheldagreedthat剥夺机会depriveoneselfofthechanceright电视暴力对青少年行为有很大的影响力violenceonTVhasagreatinfluenceonyoungadults’behavior为了维护社会治安inordertokeeplawandorder应该接受法律教育shouldbesupposedtogetalaweducation越来越多的人increasingnumberofpeople流行的时尚的faddy提供营养nourish饥饿starvation营养不良malnutrition七、关于自然生态环境保护的词汇(、真题)保护环境toprotecttheenvironment生态系统ecologyecologicalsystem丰富的自然资源abundantnaturalresources可再生资源renewableresources石油petroleum太阳能solarenergy电力electricpower水电hydropower风能windenergy核能nuclearenergy野生动物wildlifewildanimals濒临灭绝的物种endangeredspecies用尽todepletedepletionofexhaustuseup滥用地球资源abusetheearth’sresources砍伐森林deforestation

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2009考研英语作文背诵版

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