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首页 英国历史:从第一次罗马入侵到乔治五世

英国历史:从第一次罗马入侵到乔治五世

英国历史:从第一次罗马入侵到乔治五世

惜花
2008-12-22 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英国历史:从第一次罗马入侵到乔治五世pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

TheHistoryofEnglandfromtheFirstInvasionbytheRomanstotheAccessionofKingGeorgetheFifthVolumeTheProjectGutenbergEBookofTheHistoryofEnglandfromtheFirstInvasionbytheRomanstotheAccessionofKingGeorgetheFifth,byJohnLingardandHilaireBellocThiseBookisfortheuseofanyoneanywhereatnocostandwithalmostnorestrictionswhatsoeverYoumaycopyit,giveitawayorreuseitunderthetermsoftheProjectGutenbergLicenseincludedwiththiseBookoronlineatwwwgutenbergnetTitle:TheHistoryofEnglandfromtheFirstInvasionbytheRomanstotheAccessionofKingGeorgetheFifthVolumeAuthor:JohnLingardandHilaireBellocReleaseDate:January,EBook#Language:EnglishCharactersetencoding:ISO***STARTOFTHISPROJECTGUTENBERGEBOOKHISTORYENGLAND,V***ProducedbyCharlesAldarondo,KerenVergon,LazarLiveanuandPGDistributedProofreadersTheHistoryofEnglandFromTheFirstInvasionByTheRomansToTheAccessionOfKingGeorgeTheFifthBYJOHNLINGARD,DDANDHILAIREBELLOC,BAWithanIntroductionByHISEMINENCEJAMESCARDINALGIBBONSINELEVENVOLUMESCONTENTSofTHEEIGHTHVOLUMETheHistoryofEnglandfromtheFirstInvasionbytheRomanstotheAccessionofKingGeorgetheFifthVolumeCHAPTERICHARLESIcontinuedBattleOfEdgeHillTreatyAtOxfordSolemnVowAndCovenantBattleOfNewburySolemnLeagueAndCovenantBetweenTheEnglishAndScottishParliamentsCessationOfWarInIrelandRoyalistParliamentAtOxfordPropositionsOfPeaceBattleOfMarstonMoorTheArmyOfEssexCapitulatesInTheWestSelfDenyingOrdinanceSynodOfDivinesDirectoryForPublicWorshipTrialOfArchbishopLaudBillOfAttainderHisExecutionTreatyproposedandrefusedRoyalistsParliamentariansStateofthetwoarmiesTheking'sprotestationBattleofEdgeHillActionatBrentfordKingretirestoOxfordStateofthekingdomTreatyatOxfordIntriguesduringthetreatyReturnoftheQueenFallofReadingWaller'splotSolemnvowandcovenantDeathofHampdenActionsofSirWilliamWallerTheLordsproposeapeaceAreopposedbytheCommonsNewpreparationsforwarBattleofNewburyNewgreatsealCommissionerssenttoScotlandSolemnleagueandcovenantScotsprepareforwarCovenanttakeninEnglandCharlesseeksaidfromIrelandFederativeassemblyoftheCatholicsTheirapologiesandremonstranceCessationconcludedAFrenchenvoyRoyalparliamentatOxfordPropositionsofpeaceMethodsofraisingmoneyBattleofNantwichScottisharmyentersEnglandMarchesandCountermarchesRupertsenttorelieveYorkBattleofMarstonMoorSurrenderofNewcastleEssexmarchesintothewestHisarmycapitulatesThirdBattleofNewburyRiseofCromwellHisquarrelwithManchesterFirstselfdenyingordinanceArmynewmodelledSecondselfdenyingordinanceEcclesiasticalconcurrencesPersecutionoftheCatholicsOftheEpiscopaliansSynodofdivinesPresbyteriansandIndependentsDemandoftolerationNewdirectoryTrialofArchbishopLandHisdefenceBillofattainderConsentoftheLordsExecutionCHAPTERIITreatyAtUxbridgeVictoriesOfMontroseInScotlandDefeatOfTheKingAtNasebySurrenderOfBristolCharlesShutUpWithinOxfordMissionOfGlamorganToIrelandHeIsDisavowedByCharles,ButConcludesAPeaceWithTheIrishTheKingIntriguesWithTheParliament,TheScots,AndTheIndependentsHeEscapesToTheScottishArmyRefusesTheConcessionsRequiredIsDeliveredUpByTheScotsDissensionsatcourtProposaloftreatyNegotiationatUxbridgeDemandsofIrishCatholicsVictoriesofMontroseinScotlandStateofthetwopartiesinEnglandThearmyafterthenewmodelBattleofNasebyItsconsequencesVictoryofMontroseatKilsythSurrenderofBristolDefeatofRoyalistsatChesterOfLordDigbyatSherburnThekingretirestoOxfordHisintrigueswiththeIrishMissionofGlamorganWhoconcludesasecrettreatyItisdiscoveredPartyviolenceamongtheparliamentariansCharlesattemptstonegotiatewiththemHedisavowsGlamorganWhoyetconcludesapeaceinIrelandKingproposesapersonaltreatyMontreuilnegotiateswiththeScotsAshburnhamwiththeIndependentsCharlesescapestotheScotsTheroyalistsretirefromthecontestKingdisputeswithHendersonMotivesofhisconductHeagaindemandsapersonalconferenceNegotiationbetweentheparliamentandtheScotsExpedientsproposedbythekingScotsdeliverhimuptotheparliamentHestillexpectsaidfromIrelandButisdisappointedReligiousdisputesDiscontentoftheIndependentsAndofthePresbyteriansCHAPTERICHAPTERIIIOppositeProjectsOfThePresbyteriansAndIndependentsTheKingIsBroughtFromHolmbyToTheArmyIndependentsDrivenFromParliamentRestoredByTheArmyOriginOfTheLevellersKingEscapesFromHamptonCourt,AndIsSecuredInTheIsleOfWightMutinyInTheArmyPublicOpinionInFavourOfTheKingScotsArmInHisDefenceTheRoyalistsRenewTheWarThePresbyteriansAssumeTheAscendancyDefeatOfTheScotsSuppressionOfTheRoyalistsTreatyOfNewportTheKingIsAgainBroughtToTheArmyTheHouseOfCommonsIsPurifiedTheKing'sTrialJudgmentAndExecutionReflectionsThekingatHolmbyCharacterofFairfaxOppositionoftheIndependentsDemandsoftheArmyRefusalofparliamentThearmycarriesoffthekingMarchestowardsLondonAndtreatsthekingwithindulgenceTheIndependentsaredrivenfromparliamentCharlesrefusestheoffersofthearmyWhichmarchestoLondonEntersthecityAndgivesthelawtotheparliamentThekinglistenstothecounselsoftheofficersAndintriguesagainstthemRiseoftheLevellersTheking'sescapeHeissecuredintheIsleofWightMutinysuppressedKingrejectsfourbillsVoteofnonaddressesKingsubjectedtofartherrestraintPublicopinioninhisfavourLevellersprevailinthearmyTheScotstakeuparmsforthekingAlsotheEnglishroyalistsFeignedreconciliationofthearmyandthecityInsurrectioninKentPresbyteriansagainsuperiorinparliamentDefeatoftheScotsAndoftheearlofHollandSurrenderofColchesterPrinceofWalesintheDownsTreatyofNewportPlanofnewconstitutionHintsofbringingthekingtotrialPetitionforthatpurposeKing'sanswertotheparliamentHispartingaddresstothecommissionersHeiscarriedawaybythearmyCommonsvotetheagreementwiththekingTheHouseofCommonsispurifiedCromwellreturnsfromScotlandIndependentsprevailResolutiontoproceedagainstthekingAppointmentoftheHighCourtofJusticeHypocrisyofCromwellConductofFairfaxKingremovedfromHurstCastleFewpowersinterestthemselvesinhisfavourProceedingsatthetrialBehaviourofthekingHeproposesaprivateconferenceIscondemnedLadyFairfaxKingpreparesfordeathLetterfromtheprinceThekingisbeheadedCHAPTERIVTHECOMMONWEALTHEstablishmentOfTheCommonwealthPunishmentOfTheRoyalistsMutinyAndSuppressionOfTheLevellersCharlesIiProclaimedInScotlandAscendancyOfHisAdherentsInIrelandTheirDefeatAtRathminesSuccessOfCromwellInIrelandDefeatOfMontrose,AndLandingOfCharlesInScotlandCromwellIsSentAgainstHimHeGainsAVictoryAtDunbarTheKingMarchesIntoEnglandLosesTheBattleOfWorcesterHisSubsequentAdventuresAndEscapeAbolitionofthemonarchyAppointmentofacouncilofstateOtherchangesAttempttofillupthehouseExecutionoftheroyalistsOppositionoftheLevellersTheirdemandsResistedbythegovernmentThemutineerssuppressedProceedingsinScotlandCharlesIIproclaimedinEdinburghAnsweroftheScotsTheirdeputiestothekingMurderofDrDorislausStateofIrelandConductofthenuncioHisflightfromIrelandArticlesofpeaceCromwellappointedtothecommandTreatywithO'NeilCromwelldepartsforIrelandJonesgainsthevictoryatRathminesCromwelllandsMassacreatDroghedaMassacreatWexfordCromwell'sfurtherprogressProceedingsinScotlandCharleshesitatestoaccepttheconditionsofferedbythecommissionersProgressanddefeatofMontroseHiscondemnationHisdeathCharleslandsinScotlandCromwellisappointedtocommandinScotlandHemarchestoEdinburghProceedingsoftheScottishkirkExpiatorydeclarationrequiredfromCharlesHerefusesandthenassentsBattleofDunbarProgressofCromwellThekingescapesandisafterwardstakenThegodlinessofCromwellDissensionsamongtheScotsCoronationofCharlesCromwelllandsinFifeCharlesmarchesintoEnglandDefeatoftheearlofDerbyBattleofWorcesterDefeatoftheroyalistsThekingescapesLossoftheroyalistsAdventuresoftheCHAPTERIIIkingatWhiteladiesAtMadeleyIntheroyaloakAtMoseleyAtMrsNorton'sHisrepeateddisappointmentsCharlesescapestoFranceCHAPTERVVigilanceOfTheGovernmentSubjugationOfIrelandOfScotlandNegotiationWithPortugalWithSpainWithTheUnitedProvincesNavalWarAmbitionOfCromwellExpulsionOfParliamentCharacterOfItsLeadingMembersSomeOfItsEnactmentsTheCommonwealth,amilitarygovernmentOppositionofLilburneHistrialandacquittalAndbanishmentPlansoftheroyalistsDiscoveredandpreventedExecutionofLoveTransactionsinIrelandDiscontentcausedbytheking'sdeclarationinScotlandDepartureofOrmondRefusaltotreatwiththeparliamentOfferfromthedukeofLorraineTreatywiththatprinceItisrejectedSiegeofLimerickSubmissionoftheIrishStateofIrelandTrialsbeforetheHighCourtofJusticeTransportationofthenativesFirstactofsettlementSecondactofsettlementTransplantationBreachofarticlesReligiouspersecutionSubjugationofScotlandAttempttoincorporateitwithEnglandTransactionswithPortugalWithSpainWithUnitedProvincesNegotiationsattheHagueTransferredtoLondonRecontrebetweenBlakeandVanTrompTheStatesdeprecatearuptureCommencementofhostilitiesSuccessofDeRuyterOfVanTrompoverBlakeAnotherbattlebetweenthemBlake'svictoryCromwell'sambitionDiscontentofthemilitaryCromwell'sintriguesHisconferencewithWhitelockWiththeotherleadersHeexpelstheparliamentAndthecouncilofstateAddressesofcongratulationOtherproceedingsofthelateparliamentSpiritualoffencesReformationoflawForfeituresandsequestrationsReligiousintoleranceCHAPTERVITHEPROTECTORATECromwellCallsTheLittleParliamentDissolvesItMakesHimselfProtectorSubjugationOfTheScottishRoyalistsPeaceWithTheDutchNewParliamentItsDissolutionInsurrectionInEnglandBreachWithSpainTroublesInPiedmontTreatyWithFranceEstablishmentofanewgovernmentSelectionofmembersMeetingofParliamentItscharacterProsecutionofLilburneHisacquittalPartiesinparliamentRegistrationofbirthsTaxesReformoflawZealforreligionAnabaptistpreachersDissolutionofparliamentCromwellassumestheofficeofprotectorInstrumentofgovernmentHepublishesordinancesArrestshisopponentsExecutesseveralroyalistsExecutesDonPantaleonSaExecutesaCatholicclergymanConciliatesthearmyinIrelandSubduestheScottishroyalistsIncorporatesScotlandIscourtedbyforeignpowersWarwiththeUnitedProvincesVictoryoftheEnglishTheDutchoffertonegotiateSecondvictoryProgressofthenegotiationArticlesofpeaceSecrettreatywithHollandNegotiationwithSpainNegotiationwithFranceNegotiationrespectingDunkirkCromwellcomestonodecisionThenewparliamentmeetsIsnotfavourabletohisviewsDebatesrespectingtheInstrumentTheprotector'sspeechSubscriptionrequiredfromthemembersCromwellfallsfromhiscarriageTheparliamentopposeshisprojectsReviewstheinstrumentIsaddressedbyCromwellAnddissolvedConspiracyoftherepublicansConspiracyoftheroyalistsExecutionsDecimationMilitarygovernmentCromwellbreakswithSpainSecretexpeditiontotheMediterraneanAnothertotheWestIndiesItsfailureTroublesinPiedmontInsurrectionoftheVaudoisCromwellseekstoprotectthemSendsanenvoytoTurinRefusestoconcludethetreatywithFranceTheVaudoissubmitandCromwellsignsthetreatyCHAPTERIVCHAPTERVIIPovertyAndCharacterOfCharlesStuartWarWithSpainParliamentExclusionOfMembersPunishmentOfNaylorProposalToMakeCromwellKingHisHesitationAndRefusalNewConstitutionSindercombSexbyAllianceWithFranceParliamentOfTwoHousesOppositionInTheCommonsDissolutionReductionOfDunkirkSicknessOfTheProtectorHisDeathAndCharacterPovertyofCharlesinhisexileHiscourtHisamoursHisreligionHeoffershimselfanallytoSpainAccountofColonelSexbyQuarrelbetweenthekingandhisbrotherCaptureofaSpanishfleetExclusionofmembersfromparliamentSpeechoftheprotectorDebateonexclusionSocietyofFriendsOffenceandpunishmentofNaylorCromwellaspirestothetitleofkingHecomplainsofthejudgmentagainstNaylorAbandonsthecauseofthemajorgeneralsFirstmentionoftheintendedchangeItisopenlybroughtforwardOppositionoftheofficersCromwell'sanswertothemRisingoftheAnabaptistsCromwellhesitatestoacceptthetitleConfersonitwiththecommitteeSeeksmoretimeResolvestoacceptthetitleIsdeterredbytheofficersRefusesHissecondinaugurationThenewformofgovernmentPlottoassassinatehimItisdiscoveredArrestanddeathofSexbyBlake'svictoryatSantaCruzHisdeathAlliancewithFranceNewparliamentoftwohousesTheCommonsinquireintotherightsoftheotherhouseCromwelldissolvestheparliamentReceivesaddressesinconsequenceArrivalofOrmondTreacheryofWillisRoyalfleetdestroyedTrialsofroyalistsExecutionofSlingsbyandHewetBattleoftheDunesCapitulationofDunkirkCromwell'sgreatnessHispovertyHisfearofassassinationHisgriefforhisdaughter'sdeathHissicknessHisconvictionofhisrecoveryHisdangerHisdiscourseHisdeathHischaracterCHAPTERVIIIRichardCromwellProtectorParliamentCalledDissolvedMilitaryGovernmentLongParliamentRestoredExpelledAgainReinstatedMonkInLondonReAdmissionOfSecludedMembersLongParliamentDissolvedTheConventionParliamentRestorationOfCharlesIIThetwosonsofCromwellRichardsucceedshisfatherDiscontentofthearmyFuneralofOliverForeigntransactionsNewparliamentPartiesinparliamentRecognitionofRichardAndoftheotherhouseChargesagainstthelategovernmentTheofficerspetitionTheparliamentdissolvedTheofficersrecallthelongparliamentRejectionofthemembersformerlyexcludedAcquiescenceofthedifferentarmiesDissensionbetweenparliamentandtheofficersTheofficersobligedtoacceptnewcommissionsProjectsoftheroyalistsRisinginCheshireItissuppressedRenewalofthelatedissensionExpulsionoftheparliamentGovernmentbythecouncilofofficersMonk'soppositionHissecrecyLambertsentagainsthimParliamentrestoredItsfirstactsMonkmarchestoYorkMonkmarchestoLondonMutinyinthecapitalMonkaddressesthehouseHeisorderedtochastisethecitizensHejoinsthemAdmitsthesecludedmembersPerplexityoftheroyalistsProceedingsofthehouseProceedingsofthegeneralDissolutionofthelongparliamentMonk'sInterviewwithGrenvilleHismessagetothekingTheelectionsRisingunderLambertInfluenceoftheCavaliersinthenewParliamentTheking'slettersdeliveredDeclarationfromBredaThetwohousesrecalltheKingCharleslandsatDoverCharlesentersLondonNOTES*****HISTORYOFENGLANDCHAPTERVIICHAPTERICHARLESI(Continued)BattleOfEdgeHillTreatyAtOxfordSolemnVowAndCovenantBattleOfNewburySolemnLeagueAndCovenantBetweenTheEnglishAndScottishParliamentsCessationOfWarInIrelandRoyalistParliamentAtOxfordPropositionsOfPeaceBattleOfMarstonMoorTheArmyOfEssexCapitulatesInTheWestSelfDenyingOrdinanceSynodOfDivinesDirectoryForPublicWorshipTrialOfArchbishopLaudBillOfAttainderHisExecutionIthadbeensuggestedtothekingthat,attheheadofanarmy,hemightnegotiatewithgreaterdignityandeffectFromNottinghamhedespatchedtoLondontheearlofSouthampton,SirJohnColepepper,andWilliamUvedale,thebearersofaproposal,thatcommissionersshouldbeappointedonbothsides,withfullpowerstotreatofanaccommodationaThetwohouses,assumingatoneofconscioussuperiority,repliedthattheycouldreceivenomessagefromaprincewhohadraisedhisstandardagainsthisparliament,andhadpronouncedtheirgeneralatraitorbCharles(andhiscondescensionmaybetakenasacSidenotea:ADAugustSidenoteb:ADAugustSidenotec:ADSeptproofofhiswishtoavoidhostilities)offeredtowithdrawhisproclamation,providedtheyontheirpartwouldrescindtheirvotesagainsthisadherentsaTheyrefused:itwastheirrightandtheirdutytodenounce,andbringtojustice,theenemiesofthenationbHeconjuredthemtothinkofthebloodthatwouldbeshed,andtorememberthatitwouldlieattheirdoortheyretortedthechargehewastheaggressor,andhiswouldbetheguiltcWiththisanswervanishedeveryprospectofpeacebothpartiesappealedtotheswordandwithinafewweekstheflamesofcivilwarwerelightedupineverypartofthekingdomThreefourthsofthenobilityandsuperiorgentry,ledbyfeelingsofhonourandgratitude,orbytheirattachmenttothechurch,orbyawellgroundedsuspicionofthedesignsoftheleadingpatriots,hadrangedthemselvesundertheroyalbannerCharlesfeltassuredofvictory,whenhecontemplatedthebirth,andwealth,andinfluenceofthosebywhomhewassurroundedbuthemighthavediscoveredmuchtodissipatetheillusion,hadheconsideredtheirhabits,orbeenacquaintedwiththeirreal,butunavowedsentimentsTheywereforthemostpartmenofpleasure,fittertograceacourtthantoenduretherigourofmilitarydiscipline,devoidofmentalenergy,andlikely,bytheirindolenceanddebauchery,toofferadvantagestoapromptandvigilantenemyAmbitionwouldinducethemtoaspiretooffice,andcommandsandhonours,toformcabalsagainsttheircompetitors,andtodistracttheattentionofthemonarchbytheirimportunityortheircomplaintsTheycontainedamongthemmanywhosecretlydisapprovedofthewar,Footnote:Journals,v,,,,Clarendon,ii,,Sidenotea:ADSeptSidenoteb:ADSeptSidenotec:ADSeptconceivingthatitwasundertakenforthesakeofepiscopacy,aninstitutioninthefateofwhichtheyfeltnointerest,andotherswhohadalreadyinaffectionenrolledthemselvesamongthefollowersoftheparliament,thoughshamedeterredthemforatimefromabandoningtheroyalcoloursTherewasanotherclassofmenonwhoseservicesthekingmightrelywithconfidence,theCatholics,who,alarmedbythefierceintoleranceandtheseveremenacesoftheparliament,sawthattheirownsafetydependedontheascendancyofthesovereignButCharleshesitatedtoavailhimselfofthisresourceHisadversarieshadalluredthezealotstotheirparty,byrepre

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英国历史:从第一次罗马入侵到乔治五世

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