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首页 [英]劳拉·麦克卢尔:古典世界的性与性别:原始资料汇编(布莱克维尔 2004)

[英]劳拉·麦克卢尔:古典世界的性与性别:原始资料汇编(布莱克维尔 2004)

[英]劳拉·麦克卢尔:古典世界的性与性别:原始资料汇编(布莱克…

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简介:本文档为《[英]劳拉·麦克卢尔:古典世界的性与性别:原始资料汇编(布莱克维尔 2004)pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

SexualityandGenderintheClassicalWorldREADINGSANDSOURCESBlackwellPublishersSEXUALITYANDGENDERINTHECLASSICALWORLDINTERPRETINGANCIENTHISTORYThebooksinthsseriescontainamixtureofthemostimportantpreviouslypublishedarticlesinancienthistoryandprimarysourcematerialuponwhichthesecondaryliteratureisbasedTheseriesencouragesreaderstoreflectuponavarietyoftheoriesandmethodologies,toquestiontheargumentsmadebyscholars,andtobegintomastertheprimaryevidenceforthemselvesPUBLISHEDSexualityandGendevantheClassicalWovldEditedbyLauraKMcClureINPREPARATIONRomanImpevaalasmEdtedbyCraigeChampionAncientGveekDemocvacyEditedbyEricRobinsonSexualityandGenderintheClassicalWorldREADINGSANDSOURCESBlackwellPublishersbyBlackwellPublishersLtdaBlackwellPublishingcompanyexceptforeditorialarrangementandintroductionbyLauraKMcClureEditorialOffices:CowleyRoad,OxfordOXJF,UKMainStreet,Malden,MA,USATel:()Tel:AllrightsreservedNopartofthispublicationmaybereproduced,storedinaretrievalsystem,ortransmitted,inanyformorbyanymeans,electronic,mechanical,photocopying,recordingorotherwise,exceptaspermittedbytheUKCopyright,DesignsandPatentsAct,withoutthepriorpermissionofthepublisherTherightofLauraKMcCluretobeidentifiedastheAuthoroftheEditorialMaterialhasbeenassertedinaccordancewiththeCopyright,DesignsandPatentsActFirstpublishedbyBlackwellPublishersLtdLibvavyofConJvessCataloginJinPublicationDataSexualityandgenderintheclassicalworld:readingsandsourceseditedbyLauraKMcClurepcm(Interpretingancienthistory)Includesbibliographicalreferences(pWomenHistoryToSexroleRomeHistoryToliteratureHistoryandcriticism)andindexISBNISBNSexroleGreeceHistoryToIMcClure,Laura,SeriesSexroleinliteratureClassicalHQS’dcAcataloguerecordforthistitleisavailablefromtheBritishLibrarySetinGaUiardbyKolamInformationServicesPrivateLimited,Pondicherry,IndiaPrintedandboundbyTJInternational,CornwallForfurtherinformationonBlackwellPublishersvisitourwebsite:wwwblackwellpublisherscoukFORRICHARDLastofIllastvationsPvefaceAcknozvledgmentsEditov’sIntvoductionContentsxXXiiPARTGreeceClassicalGreekAttitudestoSexualBehaviourI<JDovevSource:Aristophanes’SpeechfromPlato,SymposiuwzdalDoubleConsciousnessinSappho’sLyricsJJWinklevSources:SapphoandHomer,IliadandOdysseyBoundtoBleed:ArtemisandGreekWomenHI<ngSources:Hippocrates,OnUnmarriedGirlsEuripides,HippOlytUSviiiCONTENTSPlaylngtheOther:Theater,Theatricality,andtheFeminineinGreekDramaFIZeatlanSOUYCCS:Sophocles,WomenofT~achis,Euripides,BacchaePARTRomeTheSilentWomenofRomeMIFanleySOUYCCS:FuneraryInscriptions:CE,,,ILS,,CIL,,lTheBodyFemaleandtheBodyPolitic:Livy’sLucretiaandVerginiaSRJoshelSOUYCC:Livy,OntheFoundingofRomeMistressandMetaphorinAugustanElegyMWykeSOUYCCS:Propertiusa,bandCicero,InPliny’sBrassiereARaehlanSOUYCC:PlinytheElder,NatumlHistoYyDc~~~scofMIZYLUSCUC~~USPARTIClassicalTraditionTheVoiceoftheShuttleIsOurslI<JoplanSOUYCC:Ovid,MetumoYphosesBablao~mphyIndexIllustrationsZeusandGanymedeAtticredfigurelzylix,cBCEMuseoArcheologicoNazionale,Ferrara,PhotoSCALASapphoandAleaeusDetailAtticredfigurekalathos,attributedtotheBrygosPainter,cBCEStaathchesAntkensammlungenundGlyptothek,Munich,PhotoWehrheimAvtemisandSwanWhitegroundlelzythos,attributedtothePanpainter,cBCEStateHermitageMuseum,StPetersburg,invnoBHevaelesandDeianeivawithPoisonedRobeAtticredfigurepelilceinthemanneroftheWashingPainter,cBCEBritishMuseum,London,ETheBritishMuseum,LondonGvaveRelieffovLysandvaFirstcenturyCECollectionoftheGettyMuseum,Mahbu,Cahfornia,noAATheJPaulGettyMuseumTavquinandLuevetiaPaintingbyTitian,cCEFitzwilliamMuseum,UniversityofCambridgeCoupleataRomanBanquetWallpaintingfromHerculaneum,cCEMuseoNazionale,NaplesPhotoAKG,London“BikiniGivls”MosaicfromthevillaatPiazzaArmerina,theinnerofthetworoomsatthesoutheastcorneroftheperistyle,cCE,NoinFigPhotoAKGLondonPvoeneandPhilomelaPvepavetoIGllItysAtticredfigurelzylix,cBCEMusduLouvre,Paris,GPrefaceThsbookisdesignedforundergraduatestudentsofclassicalhumanitiesandtheirteachersItbeganasaxeroxedpacketofreadingsassignedformycourseongenderandsexuahtyintheclassicalworldattheUniversityofWisconsinMadsonItgoeswithoutsaylngthatmystudentsandteachingassistantsovertheyearshaveplayedanintegralroleinshapingthisvolumeIamparticularlygratefulfortheirenthusiasmandhelpfulcriticismTheirinputhasbeenindspensabletotheprocessofrevisingandreformulatingthscollectionforpublicationInparticular,IwouldliketothanlzRobNelsenandAlexPappas,myteachingassistantsduringfallsemester,,fortheirinvaluablesuggestionsfromthetrenchesConversationswithcolleaguesinmyhomedepartmentandelsewhereprovidedmewithstimulatingperspectivesonancientgenderstudesTheanonymousrefereesforBlaclmellgavethoughtfulsuggestionsaboutthebook’scontents,asdidEllenGreen,AndriLardinois,IGrlzOrmand,andMariaWylzeDepartmentalcolleaguesCaroleNewlandsandVictoriaPagandeservespecialmentionfortheirexcellentadviceontheRomanmaterialsinadditiontostrengtheningtheselectionofessaysinvolume,theyprovidedmewithmanyhoursofenjoyablereadingIamespeciallygratefultoCaroleforgenerouslyagreeingtoreviewtheLatintranslationsduringahecticsummerOntheGreekside,thanlzsareduetoPatriciaRosenmeyerforherthoughtfulandarticulateresponsestotheGreektranslationsAnyerrorsorinfelicitiesthatmayremainaresolelymyownLastly,thanksareowedtoAlBertrand,thecommissioningeditoratBlaclmell,forinvitingmetoedtthisvolumeandforhsenduringPREFACExienthusiasmabouttheprojectThanksalsotoAngelaCohen,theedtorialcontrolleratBlaclavell,forherhelpwiththeproductionprocess,andtoJuanitaBulloughforherexpertcopyedtingLKMMadison,WisconsinAcknowledgmentsTheeditorandpublishersgratefullyacknowledgethefollowingforpermissiontoreprintcopyrightmaterial:AnmaCompanyforPJoplin,“TheVoiceoftheShuttleIsOurs,”StandfvdLatemtweReview():,byAnmaLibriandCompanyTheMasterandFellowsofDarwinCollege,Cambridge,forMIFinley,“TheSilentWomenofRome,”fromDaseovevaesandContyovewaes,pp,byChattoandWindus,avisionofRandomHouseOxfordUniversityPressforSJoshel,“TheBodyFemaleandtheBodyPolitic:Livy’sLucretiaandVerginia,”fromAkchlin(ed),l’owzopaphyandRepyesentationanGyeeeeandRome,pp,ObyOxfordUniversityPress,IncPrincetonUniversityPressforAkchlin,“Pliny’sBrassiere,”fromJHalletandMSlzinner(eds),RomanSexualataes,pp,byPrincetonUniversityPressRoutledge,Inc,forJJWinlzler,“DoubleConsciousnessinSappho’sLyrics,”fromTheConstmintsofDesiye,ppand(notes),byRoutledgeandforHng,“BoundtoBleed:ArtemisandGreekWomen,”fromACameronandAKuhrt(eds),ReJeetzonsofWomeninAntiquity,pp,byRoutledgeBothusedbypermissionoftheTaylorandFrancisGroupACKNOWLEDGMENTSXiiiTheStateUniversityofNewYorlzPressforKJDover,“ClassicalGreekAttitudestoSexualBehaviour,”fromJPeradottoandJPSullivan(eds),WomenintheAncientWodd:TeAyethusaPapem,bytheStateUniversityofNewYorlzTexasTechUniversityPressforMWylze,“MistressandMetaphorinAugustanElegy,”Helios():,byTexasTechUniversityPressTheUniversityofCaliforniaPressforFZeithn,“PlaylngtheOther:Theater,Theatricahty,andtheFeminineinGreekDrama,”Repyesentations():,byTheRegentsoftheUniversityofCahforniaUnlessspecifiedotherwise,alltranslationsaretheeditor’sownEditor’sIntroductionInthebeginningtherewerethreesexes,notjustthetwosexes,themaleandthefemale,asatpresenttherewasathirdlundthatsharedthecharacteristicsoftheothertwo,andwhosenamesurvives,eventhoughthethingitselfhasdisappearedForatthattimeonewasandrogynousinformandshareditsnamewithboththemaleandthefemalePlato,SymposiumThshumorouscreationmythbythecomicpoetAnstophanesinPlato’sSymposamadustrateshowkeenlyissuesofgenderandsexuahtypreoccupiedclassicalauthorsandtheiraudencesItalsosuggests,ifonlyforthesakeofamusement,howsuchissuescouldbedetachedfromthefactofbiologicaldifferenceeveninantiquityThisbookinvitesundergraduatestudentstoreflectonthelivesofancientwomenandthesocialandpoliticalforcesthatshapedthemItalsoattemptstoprovideasenseoftheevolutionofgenderstudeswithnthedxiplineofclassicsandthedifferentmethodologiesandapproachesusedbyclassicalscholarsFinally,thevolumeencouragesreaderstoconsidergenderandsexuahtyinclassicalantiquityasculturallydetermined,sociallyconstructedcategories,therebyincreasingawarenessoftheassumptionsandprocessesatworkintheformationofmodernconceptsofgenderWhdemanyexcellentanthologiesaddressthesubjectofwomeninantiquity(seeReferencesandFurtherReadingattheendofthisintroduction),mostdonotdealatallwithconstructionsofsexualityandgenderThsvolumeseekstoaddressthsproblembyincludmgessaysnotEDITOR’SINTRODUCTIONonlyaboutthestatusandrepresentationofwomenbutalsothoseconcernedwithsexuahtyandmascuhnityintheGrecoRomanworldMoreover,alloftheessayscontainedinthisvolume,ortheirauthors,haveplayedaformativeroleinshapingthefieldofancientgenderstudesAsdiscussedmorefullybelow,researchonwomeninantiquityhasundergoneseveraltransformationssinceitsinceptionasasubfieldofclassicalstudiesintheearlysFoucault’sHasto~yofSexaality,especiallythetwovolumesthatdealwithclassicalantiquityfirsttranslatedintoEnglishinand,hashadamajorimpactonhowclassicistsviewthestudyofwomen,gender,masculinity,andsexuahtyintheancientworldManyoftheessayscontainedinthsvolumehavebeeninsomewayinfluencedbyFoucaultwhdesomeselfconsciouslypositionthemselvesagainsthim,othersshowadebttostructurahst,psychoanalpc,feminist,andanthropologicaltheoriesTheycoverarangeofgenres,includinglyricandepicpoetry,tragedy,phlosophicalprose,history,medcalwritings,andinscriptionsTheStudyofWomeninAntiquity:ABriefHistoryInterestinthestatusofwomeninclassicalantiquityextendsbacktothenineteethcentury,when“woman”asaconceptualcategory,isolatedfromtherestofhistory,becamethefocusofscientificandpositivistinquiry(Blok:)notcoincidentally,mostofthemodernacademicdisciplines,includingclassics,weredelineatedduringthssameperiodNineteenthcenturypositivistscholarsexaminednotonlytheimagesofwomenfoundinpoetictexts,butalsostudedtheirsocialpositioninnumerousjuridcal,phdosophical,andhistoricaltractsfromantiquitySuchthinlunginformedonewellknownnineteenthcenturyGermantreatiseonancientwomen:JohannBachofen’sMatteTReeht(“Motherkght”anEnglishtranslationofthsworkisgivenintheReferences)articulatedstagesofculturaldevelopmentinwhchwomenreactedtoanoriginalcommunalsocietyinwhichindividualfamilytiesandpropertyrightswerenotsufficientlydelimitedTheirrebelhon,Bachofenproposed,ledtoanewstagewhchrecognizedtheprimaryhumanbondasthatbetweenmotherandchldinthsnewdevelopment,ferthtyandfemininitybecamethepredominantsubjectsofreligionuntilsupplantedbypatriarchy(Blok:)Bachofen’sviewsreflectedasecondstrandofnineteenthcenturythought,romanticideahsmHowever,justlikepositivism,thisapproachalsoisolatedwomenasaseparateculturalcategory,anideathatinfluencedthescholarshiponwomeninclassicalantiquityuntdthelatesEDITOR’SINTRODUCTIONThepublicationofaspecialedtionoftheclassicsjournalAyethasa(vol,no,)intheearlysstimulatedtherapidgrowthofthestudyofwomeninantiquityintheUnitedStates(PeradottoandSuhvan)lThesubsequentpublicationofSarahPomeroy’sGoddesses,Whoyes,WivesandSlavesinhadaprofoundandlastingimpactonthestudyofwomeninantiquitybothinthescholarlycommunityandintheclassroomPomeroywondered“whatthewomenweredoingwhdemenwereactiveinalltheareastradtionallyemphasizedbyclassicalscholars”(Pomeroy:ix)Inherview,onelatercontestedbyBlok(),majorworksofancienthistorysimplyomitted“women”asasocialcategoryPomeroythussetouttorecoverthelivesofancientwomeneveninthefaceoftheacutechallengesposedbytheprimarysources,mostofwhchwerewrittenbymenforamaleaudienceSheobservedthatliterarysourcessuchasplaysandepicdonotbearaclosecorrespondencetoeverydaylife,althoughtheymayshedlightonhowancientculturesconceptuahzedwomenRather,othertypesoftexts,history,biography,letters,andlegalworks,aswellasvisualmaterialsandpapyri,canmoreaccuratelyilluminatethedadylivesofancientwomen,particularlytheeliteTheobservationthatnoncanonicaltextsmayprovidesignificantinformationonwomeninclassicalworldisfurtherreflectedinmanyoftheessaysandsourcesselectedforthsvolumeFollowingthepublicationofPomeroy’sbook,severalnewcollectionsofessaysdevotedtothesubjectofwomeninantiquityappearedintheUnitedStatesReJeetionsofWomeninAntiqaity,edtedbyHeleneFoleyandpublishedin,grewoutofaspecialissueofthejournalWomen’sStadiesandrepresentedthefirstcollectionofessaysonwomenintheancientworldtobepublishedinamajorwomen’sstudesjournalAnotherearlyanthologybroughtawiderangeofperspectivestothestudyofwomenintheancientworld:AverilCameronandAmelieKuhrt’sImagesofWomeninAntiquityhadacomparativepurpose,providngmaterialonwomenfrommanydifferentancientsocieties,includngGreece,Rome,theNearEast,andhistoricalperiods,rangingfromtheclassicalworldtoearlyChristianandJewishthoughtandthemedevaleraIncombinationwiththespecialeditionsofAyethasa,thesecollectionsfacilitatedtheteachingofuniversitylevelcoursesonwomeninantiquityintheUnitedStates,manyofwhchadoptedtheoutlineprovidedbyPomeroyinthespecialeditionofAyethasaANationalEndowmentfortheHumanitiesseminaronWomeninClassicalAntiquity,heldatHunterCollegeinthesummerof,ledtothecreationof“WomeninClassicalAntiquity:FourCurricularModules,”apamphletwidelycirculatedintheUnitedEDITOR’SINTRODUCTIONStatesthatalsobecamethebasisforFanthametal’stextbook,WomenintheClassicalWodd(dxussedbelow)Finally,thepublicationofMaryLeflzowitzandMaureenFant’sWomen’sLqeinGyeeeeandRomeinmadeavailableawiderangeofancientsourcesonwomen,someneverbeforepublishedinEnglishWhereasPomeroy,asthescholarsbeforeher,concentratedonreconstructingthereallifecircumstancesofwomen’slives,otherscholarsconsideredtheconceptualstructuresthatinformedtheliteraryandmythicalrepresentationofwomen,andhowtheyintersectedwithsocialandpoliticalinstitutionsMostofthsworkfocusedonGreekratherthanRomanculture,atrendthatprevailedforthenexttwodecadesTwoessaysfromtheearlysonwomeninAtheniandrama,“ConceptionofWomeninAthenianDrama’’byHeleneFoley(Foley:)and“PlaylngtheOther:Theater,Theatricahty,andtheFeminineinGreekDrama’’byFromaZeithn,anessayincludedinthisvolume(chapter),shiftedthefocusawayfromrecoveringwomen’shistoricalreahtytounderstandmgtheconceptualframeworkbehindtheirliteraryandmythcrepresentationanditsrelationtothesocialandideologicalcontextofdemocraticAthensSeveralimportantliteraryandculturaltheoriesbroughtaboutthisshiftofemphasisinclassicalstudesPsychoanalpctheoryfirstmadeanimpactonclassicalstudiesinthelatesScholarsinfluencedbypsychoanalpcthoughthaveattemptedtointerpretclassicalmythologyandliteratureasreflectingthepsychopathologyofancientculturesPhdipSlater,inhisTheGlo~yofHem,firstpublishedin,considersthepsychologicaloriginsofgenderconfictinGreekmythologythroughanexplorationoftheHeraclesmythHeclaimsthatmaleanxietiesinclassicalAthenianscanbetracedtothemothersonrelationship:theAthenianmother,confinedtothehomeandenviousofmaleprivilegeandpower,ventedhernegativefeelingsonhermalechddren,incitingthemtoacheveandthenpunishingtheirsuccessesThsambivalenceresultedinoverconfidentandyetinsecuremenwhobothfearedandhatedwomenandwhosoughttocompensatefortheirinadequaciesbyatirelessquestforsocialstatusInrecentyears,feministclassicalscholarshavetalzenissuewithstrictFreudaninterpretationssuchasSlater’s,arguingthatthenineteenthcenturymodelofnuclearfamilyusedbyFreudbearslittleresemblancetoancientfamilystructuresAlthoughorthodoxFreudianinterpretations,especiallythoseinvolvingoutmodedconceptssuchaspenisenvy,havefallenbythewayside,elementsofpsychoanalpcandpostpsychoanalpctheorycansdlbefoundinfeministclassicalscholarshipEDITOR’SINTRODUCTIONIncontrasttothepsychoanalpcapproach,structuralisttheoryhashadamoreenduringlegacyinthefieldofclassicsStructurahsmholdsthatthestructureoflanguageitselfproducesreahtylinguisticstructures,notindividuals,produceanddeterminemeaning,sincepeoplecanonlythinkbymeansofwordsThusindvidualsdonotmalc

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  • 依然东风夜 是英文版的啊,英语不是太好,只是想随便翻翻

    2010-10-10 21:28:17

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[英]劳拉·麦克卢尔:古典世界的性与性别:原始资料汇编(布莱克维尔 2004)

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