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首页 [美]颜海平:女作家与男女平等的想象,1905—1948(劳特里奇 2006)

[美]颜海平:女作家与男女平等的想象,1905—1948(劳特里奇 2006)

[美]颜海平:女作家与男女平等的想象,1905—1948(劳特…

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2008-11-06 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《[美]颜海平:女作家与男女平等的想象,1905—1948(劳特里奇 2006)pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

MohammedRafeekFileAttachmentfbcovervbjpgChineseWomenWritersandtheFeministImagination,–providesacompellingstudyofleadingwomenwritersinmodernChina,chartingtheirliteraryworksandlifejourneystoexaminethepoliticsandpoeticsofChinesetransculturalfeminismthatexceedtheboundariesofbourgeoisfeministselfhoodUnlikerecentliterarystudiesthatfocusonthediscursiveformationofthemodernChinesenationstateanditsgenderingeffects,YanexplorestheradicaldegreestowhichChinesewomenwritersreinventedtheirlivesalongsidetheirwritingsindistinctlyconditionedandfundamentallyrevolutionarywaysThebookdrawsonthesewomen’svoluminousworksanddramaticlivestoilluminatetherangeofChinesewomen’sliteraryandartisticachievementsandoffersvitalsourcesforexploringthehistoryandlegacyoftwentiethcenturyChinesefeministconsciousnessanditscentralityintheChineseRevolutionItwillbeofgreatinteresttoscholarsofgenderstudies,literaryandculturalstudiesandperformancestudiesYanHaipingisAssociateProfessorofCriticalStudiesattheSchoolofTheatre,FilmandTelevision,UniversityofCaliforniaatLosAngelesandZijangChairProfessoroftheArtsandHumanisticStudiesatEastChinaNormalUniversityinShanghaiChineseWomenWritersandtheFeministImagination,–Thebooksinthisseriesexplorethepolitical,social,economicandculturalconsequencesofAsia’stransformationsinthetwentiethandtwentyfirstcenturiesTheseriesemphasizesthetumultuousinterplayoflocal,national,regionalandglobalforcesasAsiabidstobecomethehuboftheworldeconomyWhilefocusingonthecontemporary,italsolooksbacktoanalysetheantecedentsofAsia’scontestedriseThisseriescomprisesseveralstrands:Asia’sTransformationsaimstoaddresstheneedsofstudentsandteachers,andthetitleswillbepublishedinhardbackandpaperbackTitlesinclude:Asia’sTransformationsEditedbyMarkSelden,BinghamtonandCornellUniversities,USADebatingHumanRightsCriticalessaysfromtheUnitedStatesandAsiaEditedbyPeterVanNessHongKong’sHistoryStateandsocietyundercolonialruleEditedbyTakWingNgoJapan’sComfortWomenSexualslaveryandprostitutionduringWorldWarIIandtheUSoccupationYukiTanakaOpium,EmpireandtheGlobalPoliticalEconomyCarlATrockiChineseSocietyChange,conflictandresistanceEditedbyElizabethJPerryandMarkSeldenMao’sChildrenintheNewChinaVoicesfromtheRedGuardgenerationYarongJiangandDavidAshleyRemakingtheChineseStateStrategies,societyandsecurityEditedbyChienminChaoandBruceJDicksonKoreanSocietyCivilsociety,democracyandthestateEditedbyCharlesKArmstrongTheMakingofModernKoreaAdrianBuzoTheResurgenceofEastAsia,andYearperspectivesEditedbyGiovanniArrighi,TakeshiHamashitaandMarkSeldenAsia’sGreatCitiesEachvolumeaimstocapturetheheartbeatofthecontemporarycityfrommultipleperspectivesemblematicoftheauthorsowndeepfamiliaritywiththedistinctivefacesofthecity,itshistory,society,culture,politicsandeconomics,anditsevolvingpositioninnational,regionalandglobalframeworksWhilemostvolumesemphasizeurbandevelopmentssincetheSecondWorldWar,somepaycloseattentiontothelegacyofthelongueduréeinshapingthecontemporaryThematicandcomparativevolumesaddresssuchthemesasurbanization,economicandfinanciallinkages,architectureandspace,wealthandpower,genderedrelationships,planningandanarchy,andethnographiesinnationalandregionalperspectiveTitlesinclude:ChineseSociety,ndeditionChange,conflictandresistanceEditedbyElizabethJPerryandMarkSeldenEthnicityinAsiaEditedbyColinMackerrasTheBattleforAsiaFromdecolonizationtoglobalizationMarkTBergerStateandSocietyinstCenturyChinaEditedbyPeterHaysGriesandStanleyRosenJapan’sQuietTransformationSocialchangeandcivilsocietyinthestcenturyJeffKingstonConfrontingtheBushDoctrineCriticalviewsfromtheAsiaPacificEditedbyMelGurtovandPeterVanNessChinainWarandRevolution,–PeterZarrowBangkokPlace,practiceandrepresentationMarcAskewBeijingintheModernWorldDavidStrandandMadelineYueDongShanghaiGlobalcityJeffWasserstromHongKongGlobalcityStephenChiuandTaiLokLuiRepresentingCalcuttaModernity,nationalismandthecolonialuncannySwatiChattopadhyaySingaporeWealth,powerandthecultureofcontrolCarlATrockiAsiacomisaserieswhichfocusesonthewaysinwhichnewinformationandcommunicationtechnologiesareinfluencingpolitics,societyandcultureinAsiaTitlesinclude:LiteratureandSocietyisaseriesthatseekstodemonstratethewaysinwhichAsianLiteratureisinfluencedbythepolitics,societyandcultureinwhichitisproducedTitlesinclude:RoutledgeStudiesinAsia’sTransformationsisaforumforinnovativenewresearchintendedforahighlevelspecialistreadership,andthetitleswillbeavailableinhardbackonlyTitlesinclude:JapaneseCyberculturesEditedbyMarkMcLellandandNanetteGottliebAsiacomAsiaencounterstheInternetEditedbyKCHo,RandolphKluverandKennethCCYangTheInternetinIndonesia’sNewDemocracyDavidTHillandKrishnaSenChineseCyberspacesTechnologicalchangesandpoliticaleffectsEditedbyJensDammandSimonaThomasTheBodyinPostwarJapaneseFictionEditedbyDouglasNSlaymakerChineseWomenWritersandtheFeministImagination,–HaipingYanTheAmericanOccupationofJapanandOkinawa*LiteratureandmemoryMichaelMolaskyKoreansinJapan*CriticalvoicesfromthemarginEditedbySoniaRyangInternationalizingthePacificTheUnitedStates,JapanandtheInstituteofPacificRelationsinWarandPeace,–TomokoAkamiImperialisminSouthEastAsia‘AFleeting,PassingPhase’NicholasTarlingChineseMedia,GlobalContextsEditedbyChinChuanLeeRemakingCitizenshipinHongKongCommunity,nationandtheglobalcityEditedbyAgnesSKuandNgaiPunJapaneseIndustrialGovernanceProtectionismandthelicensingstateYulSohnDevelopmentalDilemmasLandreformandinstitutionalchangeinChinaEditedbyPeterHoCriticalAsianScholarshipisaseriesintendedtoshowcasethemostimportantindividualcontributionstoscholarshipinAsianStudiesEachofthevolumespresentsaleadingAsianscholaraddressingthemesthatarecentraltohisorhermostsignificantandlastingcontributiontoAsianstudiesTheseriesiscommittedtotherichvarietyofresearchandwritingonAsia,andisnotrestrictedtoanyparticulardiscipline,theoreticalapproachorgeographicalexpertiseGenders,TransgendersandSexualitiesinJapanEditedbyMarkMcLellandandRomitDasguptaFertility,FamilyPlanningandPopulationControlinChinaEditedbyDudleyLPoston,CheFuLee,ChiungFangChang,SherryLMcKibbenandCarolSWalther*NowavailableinpaperbackSoutheastAsiaAtestamentGeorgeMcTKahinWomenandtheFamilyinChineseHistoryPatriciaBuckleyEbreyChinaUnboundEvolvingperspectivesontheChinesepastPaulACohenChina’sPast,China’sFutureEnergy,food,environmentVaclavSmilTheChineseStateinMingSocietyTimothyBrookChineseWomenWritersandtheFeministImagination,–YanHaipingFirstpublishedbyRoutledgeParkSquare,MiltonPark,Abingdon,OxonOXRNSimultaneouslypublishedintheUSAandCanadabyRoutledgeMadisonAve,NewYork,NYRoutledgeisanimprintoftheTaylorFrancisGroup,aninformabusiness©YanHaipingAllrightsreservedNopartofthisbookmaybereprintedorreproducedorutilisedinanyformorbyanyelectronic,mechanical,orothermeans,nowknownorhereafterinvented,includingphotocopyingandrecording,orinanyinformationstorageorretrievalsystem,withoutpermissioninwritingfromthepublishersBritishLibraryCataloguinginPublicationDataAcataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataYan,HaipingChinesewomenwritersandthefeministimaginationbyYanHaipingpcm(Asia'stransformations)IncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexISBN(hardback:alkpaper)ChineseliteratureWomenauthorsHistoryandcriticismChineseliteraturethcenturyHistoryandcriticismFeminisminliteratureITitleIISeriesPLY''dcISBN:ISBN:ThiseditionpublishedintheTaylorFranciseLibrary,“TopurchaseyourowncopyofthisoranyofTaylorFrancisorRoutledge’scollectionofthousandsofeBookspleasegotowwweBookstoretandfcouk”ToMotherandallthosewhosepresencehasmadethisbookpossiblePrefacexiiIntroduction:OnEmpowermentUnseenRhythms,SeaChangesQiuJinandHerImaginaryTheStarsofNightOtherLifeWar,Death,andtheArtofExistenceRhythmsoftheUnreal(I)RhythmsoftheUnreal(II)Afterword:ThenandNowNotesIndexContentsIwasworkingthroughmyoldnotebookswherepassagestakenfromaleatoryreadingstranscribedtherelookedlikethewreckageofavanishedship,oraworldGlancingoversomepages,Iencounteredapassagethathasbecomeintelligibleovertheyears:AKleepaintingnamed“AngelusNovus”showsanangellookingasthoughheisabouttomoveawayfromsomethingheisfixedlycontemplatingHiseyesarestaring,hismouthisopen,hiswingsarespreadThisishowonepicturestheangelofhistoryHisfaceisturnedtowardthepastWhereweperceiveachainofevents,heseesonesinglecatastrophethatkeepspilingwreckageuponwreckageandhurlsitinfrontofhisfeetTheangelwouldliketostay,awakenthedead,andmakewholewhathasbeensmashedButastormisblowingfromParadiseithasgotcaughtinhiswingswithsuchviolencethattheangelcannolongerclosethemThisstormirresistiblypropelshimintothefuturetowhichhisbackisturned,whilethepileofdebrisbeforehimgrowsskywardThisstormiswhatwecallprogress(WalterBenjamin,Illumination,pp–)ThenIsawalargequestionmark,nexttothispassage,thatImyselfhaddrawnIpausedYHP,Preface“IamweakandthereforeIamstrong”BingXin,ThisbookrevisitsaChineserevolutionaryfeministlegacythroughanencounterwithagroupofseminaltwentiethcenturyChinesewomenwritersatthepointofintersectionoftheirprintworksandlifepassagesInformedby,butunlikeworksinrecentliterarystudiesthatfocusonthediscursiveformationofmodernChinesenationstateanditsgenderingeffects,IamcentrallyinterestedintheradicaldegreestowhichChinesewomenwritersreinventedtheirlivesalongwiththeirwritings,eachinherdistinctlyconditionedandfundamentallyrevolutionarywayItracetheirliteraryscenesandlivedtrajectoriesasintertwininglocioftheirinnovativestrugglestonavigatetheforcefieldsofaviolenthistorywhileaspiringtowomen’sempowermentAsmydiscussiondevelops,IinquirehowsuchstrugglesbywomeninprintandinlifemayinviteustorethinkaspectsoftwentiethcenturyChinaandtheChineserevolutionIntheDebrisofHistoryScholarsandhistorianshavelongdiscussedhowthespecterofChineserevolutionhaditsrisefromatimeofchaosinthedecadesfollowingtheBritishOpiumWarofandsubsequentimperialistincursionsItisindicativethat,by,WesternpowersincludingczaristRussiaandJapan,hadestablishedclaimsonthirteenoutofeighteenChineseprovincesFortheChinese,theimperativesof“becomingmodern”emergedoutofastateofemergencyTherevolutionmadevisiblethemagnitudeofthechallengesbutproducednoviablesolutionsAsthelandwasbeingphysicallytornasunder,earlytwentiethcenturywritersportrayedatraumatizedChinaontheworldstageandinscribeditwiththebodilyimageofthedefeated,humiliated,andthepossiblydoomedWalterBenjamin’sfigurationofmodernhistoryas“afieldofwreckages”andmodernhumanityas“apileofdebris”canbetakeninthiscontextasliterallyaccurateasitissociopsychicallyevocativeItisthennotincidentalthatthebodiesofthedyingandthedeadinhabitthepagesofmodernChinesewomen’swritingswithadisturbingfrequencyTheyIntroductionOnEmpowermentdesignateamaterialconditionofChinesesocietyasmuchasahorizonofthosewomen’scriticalimaginationQiuJin’sevocationofwomenwarriorswhodiedinbattle,LuYin’sdelineationofmassrefugeesdrownedinriverflood,XiaoHong’srenditionofpeasantswhostarvedtodeathandwhosebodiesscatteredacrossruralChinaareonlyafewmostobviousexamplesBingXin,longstandardizedbyliteraryhistoriansintoa“feminine”authorspecializingintranscendental“motherlylove,”bringsintoherwritingaworldofprematuredeathsofchildren,particularlyfemalechildren,inthemidstofquietdailytrialsandtribulationsasmuchasopencrossfiresofspreadingwarsSuchfictionalfiguresorjournalistscenesareaccompaniedbyremembrancesofactualpersonsthatthosewomenknewaspersonalfriends,literaryfellowtravelers,politicalcomrades,andlifecompanionsDingLing’s“SongsofDeath”(Sizhige),anautobiographicalprosework,canbereadasfiguringatumultuousworldthatsheandhercontemporarywomeninhabitedAfterdescribingindetailherearliestmemorythatregistersthedisintegrationoftheChinesegentryhousehold,thatofherfather’sfuneral,sheconcludes:“Itwasthebeginningofmynebulousconsciousnessaboutlife,whereIknewdeathHowfearfuldeathwas!Myentirechildhoodwasspentfromthenoninfollowingmymotherandherstruggle,eachdayontheedgeofdeath”Asdiscussedinthelasttwochaptersofthisbook,DingLingspentnotonlyherchildhoodbutalsothesubsequentdecades“ontheedgeofdeath,”asdidotherwomengatheredinthisbook,eachthroughherrespectivepassage,literallyandfigurativelyManywomenwritersandartistsdiedyoungintheperiodstudiedhereQiuJindiedinShaoxingatagethirtytwointhelastyearsoftheruleoftheQingcourtherpoem“OntheEveofMyDeath”(Zhixüxiaoshujüemingci)isananticipatorymourningofherowndemiseShiPingmeidiedinBeipingofencephalitisatagetwentysixandabruptlyendedtheinfluentialjournalthatshewasediting,TheWildeRose(Qiangweizhoukan)LuYindiedinlaborattheageofthirtyfourinthecityofShanghaithenunderJapanesemilitaryattackAmidBloodandFire(Xüeyühuo),herfinal,majornovelabouttheresistanceagainsttheJapaneseinvasion,waslefthalfdoneAndXiaoHong,aftergivingbirthtoadeadbabyamidwarrefugees,managedtogoonlivingforonlyeighteenmoremonthsWhilewritingTalesofHulanRiver(Hulanhezhuan),amajornovella,recallingherbirthplace,shediedofmedicalmalsurgeryatagethirtyoneinBritishHongKongunderJapanesemilitaryoccupationIfsocialdisruptionaffectedthoseandotherwomenindifferentwaysandtodifferentdegreesoverthefirstthreedecadesofthetwentiethcentury,the–SinoJapaneseWarrippedeachofthemfromtheirprecariousarrangementsoflifeandrenderedthemallrefugeesonChinesesoil“Timeisbeingwrecked,”ZhangAilingwroteinoccupiedShanghai,“wreckagesoflargermagnitudearecoming”Acursorylookatthosewomen’slivescutshortordisplacedrepeatedlyoverthedecades,leavingsomanystorieshalfwrittenandbookprojectsunfinished,shouldcautionustopauseandcompelustoponderthedefiningconditionsoftheirlivesandworks,ortheirlifeworksOnlywhenwesituatethoselifeworksintheirpertinentcontext–atimeandplacewheredeathandparticularlyfemaledeathbecamedailyroutine–canweevenbegintoapproachtheirIntroductionlifeworksembodyinghumanstruggleforsurvivalinthemidstofthedebrisofhistory,oneof“bloodandtears”asQiuJinputsitTheGenderof“theWeak”Anexplorationintosuchterrainisnotonlycognitivelybutemotionallychallenging,fortheexplorermustconfrontbarelyconcealedextremebrutalityThistimehasanotherexpressionfrequentlyfoundinmodernChinesewritings:anageof“ruorouqiangshi,”whichcanberoughlytranslatedas“theweak(ruo)becomeprey(rou)thestrong(qiang)devourtheweak(shi)”Forcontemporaryfeministscholarsinawiderangeofliterarystudiesandcriticaltheory,thecategoriesof“theweak”and“thestrong”areevocativeWritingfromthecontextofEuropeanhistory,JoanScott,MargaretFergusonandSidonieSmith,forinstance,haveintheirrespectivewaysarticulatedhow,throughouttheseventeenthandeighteenthcenturies,anewlysexualizedfemalesoulgraduallydisplacedthetheologicallyunsexedsouloftheMedievalPeriodandRenaissanceAnneFaustoSterling,SandraHarding,andDeniseRileyamongothershavedelineatedhowsuch“theologicalrevision”crowdedoutthe“autonomoussoul”whiledevelopingafeminizedconceptionofNatureinherplace,withwhichthe“lack”ofthehumancognitionorthinkingfacultyismadeouttobe“thenatural”attributeof“thesexualizedfemalesoul”Asembodimentofthis“lack,”thefemalesexisthenmarkedasthebioevidenceof“thebottomofasubject,”the“naturallyweaker,”againstwhichthemalesubjectisestablishedasthe“stronger”Indeed,“thestrongman”inEuropeanlanguages,particularlyEnglish,hasbecomesincetheseventeenthcenturyafrequentdesignationforonewhosephysicalstrengthisemblematicofmentalandmoralfaculties,whichentitleshimtopossessionofsocial,political,financial,military,andotherinstitutionalpowersFriedrichNietzsche’sfamous(orinfamous)mappingoftheinherentrhythmsof“thestronger”and“weaker”registerstheimpliedpowerrelationsbetweenthemaleandfemalesexessodesignated,asa“beyondgoodandevil”inevitability:“IsitvirtuouswhenacelltransformsitselfintoafunctionofastrongercellIthastodosoSiemussesIsitevilwhenthestrongercellassimilatestheweakerJoyanddesireappeartogetherinthestrongerthatwantstotransformsomethingintoitsfunctionjoyandthewishtobedesiredappeartogetherintheweakerthatwantstobecomeafunction”ThischaracterizationoftheweakerstrongerbinaryasthenaturalconditionofthemodernsubjectformationrevealsasocialstructurethatisalsoabiopoliticaleconomyofdesireandsexualityThe“stronger”istheforceofactivemasculinitywhose“essence”liesinhisassimilatingothersintofunctionsthatservetopromotehisdesiredexpansionasthesubjectThe“weaker”isthebodyofpassivefemininitywhose“nature”liesinher“wish”tobedesiredandassimilatedintofunctionsofthe“stronger”SuchbiopoliticalideaswerebroughtintoChinawhenthemodernEuropeancanonwastranslatedintoChineseinaperiodofcompressedtimeintheearlytwentiethcenturyMystudypaysspecificattentiontotheterm“ruozhe”(“theIntroductionweak”)andthewaysinwhichitappearsandrecurswithfigurativevariationsinmodernChinesewomen’sliteraturewhilebecomingacomponentofmodernChinesevocabularyAslateasintheyear

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[美]颜海平:女作家与男女平等的想象,1905—1948(劳特里奇 2006)

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