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首页 新东方《王强口语》教材PDF版-1

新东方《王强口语》教材PDF版-1

新东方《王强口语》教材PDF版-1

静待花开
2008-11-02 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《新东方《王强口语》教材PDF版-1pdf》,可适用于考试题库领域

王强口语(一)册第一课时LessononeShortConversations:短对话.(AnoutlineoftheConversation)短对话梗概善良的Whittaker(Whit)乐于助人。他想通过把下一周举办成“同情周”(‘CompassionWeek’)来展示爱(love)和同情(compassion)。为了调动三个女孩子参与的积极性Whit故意把这次见面搞得很神秘(keepthethreegirlsinsuspense)。女孩子们原以为是来聚餐(havelunch)这时Whit才对她们说出本意原来是希望她们帮助募捐(raisemoney)为那些无家可归的人(thehomeless)送去温暖。.(ADetailedExplanationoftheConversation)短对话评解⇒(thehomeless)theadj⇒人homelessadj⇒例::ahomelesspersonthehomeless⇒复数无家可归之人例::Thehomelesssometimeshavetosleepinthestreets例::Theresortiscrowdedwiththerichandfamousinwinter例::Shegivesalotofmoneytothepoor⇒(Hi)是美国人之间用来打招呼的很随意的说法。当别人用“hi”来招呼你的时候回答通常也是“hi”。例::Hi,Victor⇒回答:Hi,Betty例::Hi⇒Hi,thanksforcoming例::Hi,howareyoudoing比“hi”更正式的问候语有这样一些当与人初次见面或在会议、会谈等重要场合应选用如下说法:GoodmorningafternooneveningHownicetoseeyouHello,VictorHowareyou比“hi”更随意的问候语有这样一些与熟人打招呼时使用:What'shappeningWhat'snewHowareyoudoingWhat'supLongtime,nosee⇒(thanks)美语中表示“感谢”对方的说法有不少最常用的是“thankyou”而习惯的搭配是thankyoufor由于“for”是介词它的后面应当用名词性成份如果要用动词其后必需加“ing”来把动词名词化。动名词例::Thankyouforcoming例::Thankyouforcalling例::Thankyouforhelpingme名词例::Thankyouforthebook例::Thankyouforthegift例::Thankyoufortheinformation而口语中较随意的说法是:“thanks”。例::Thanksforbringingmybag例::Thanksforcoming例::Thanksfortheride这里的“thanks”仍为动词。当然它也可用作名词这时它后面不接“for”:例::Thanksalot例::Manythanks例::Thanksabunch*提醒:thanksto这一短语的意思是“becauseof”“由于..”“因为..”。例::Thanks(to)herhelp,Ifoundmykeys⇒(hey)美语用来表示吃惊(surprise)愉悦(pleasure)或有疑问(questing)的语气词:例::Hey,youguys,waitforme!例::Hey,thatmybike!"hey"也常用来引起他人的注意(getattention)相当于汉语的“喂”“嘿”。例::Hey!Comeseemynewcar!例::Hey!I'vegotagirlfriend"hey"的第三个用法是与极熟的人打招呼相当于说hello,hi:例::Hey,Victor例::Hey!How'sitgoing例::Hey!What'sup⇒(church)基督教徒聚在一起进行祈祷的建筑物(教室):例::Wecametoachurchandwentinsidetositandenjoythequiet这个词还用来表示“教会”或“教徒的聚会”:例::I'llseeyouafterchurch例::(见课文):LineP:sincechurch就是这个意思。(文化)·churchyard指教堂四周埋葬死人的地方教堂的墓地。·经常上教堂的人:churchgoerchurchgoers·相关的:庙寺:temple清真寺:mosque⇒(pin):大头针别针。也指衣服的装饰用针。例::towearabeautifulgoldpinonethecoat⇒(needle):缝衣的针医院手术后缝线的针医生注射用的针往往指带针眼的。例::tothreadaneedleforsb汉语有“大海捞针”一说英文正好用needle一词。例::aneedleinahaystack(pinsandneedles):指久生未动手脚像针扎一样麻木的感觉(get)例::MayIsitdownI'vegotpinsandneedlesinmylegsafterstandinghereforsuchalongtime(getonpinsandneedles):忧虑焦灼不安。例::Don'tkeepyourgirlfriendonpinsandneedles,giveheracallimmediately(着急)(引伸):·pin极少美语口语形容出奇的安静鸦雀无声会这么说youcanhearapindrop例::Whenherexhusbandwalkedin,youcouldhearapindrop例::It'ssoquietyoucanhearapindrop·pin和needle作动词时口语中也有常用的说法pinsbdownto(源于把…钉牢)带某人做出决定或选择例::Youshouldtrytopinhimdowntohispromise你应该设方让他不得不履行承诺。needlesbabout(故意地)说些不中听的话刺激对方(用话)挑逗对方惹对方发作。例::JohnalwaysneedlesBobabouthislackofguts用话激…说他胆子小。pinsthdown:发现或找到了某件事情的细节例::Thedetectivefinallypinneddowntheidentityofthekiller搞清楚了…⇒(figure)口语中表示期待、相信、设想某事会发生一般后接that引导:例::Ifiguredthatyou'dwanttogoswimming课文中省略that常是口语表达法不过省略前面的动词常是say,deny,think,feel,hope,fear等动词且句子要短。例::Hethoughtshehadalreadygonefigureout这一短语极常用表示解决破译找出发现等意思。例::Letmetrytofigureoutthispuzzle我来试试找出谜底是什么。⇒(whet)过去式:(whetted)最早指把刀磨锋利towhetaknife=tosharpenaknife引伸来表示刺激增强欲望等后面搭配的词常是:appetite和interest等。例::Thesmellofroastduckreallywhetsmyappetite例::ThespeakerwhettedmyinterestenoughthatIboughtthebook⇒(sotospeak)补充语用于句尾也作为插入语用于句中。表示某事某种程度上是真的相当于汉语的“可以这么说吧”“算是…吧”“恕我直言”等。⇒(either):两种发言都可接受。这里的either是用于句尾表示否定意义的副词相当于汉语的“也不”。表达“也”这样的肯定意义时用“too”。例::Heisnotapartyanimal,andIamnoteither好凑热闹的人⇒(huh)口语常用来表示提问的语气词也可表示:吃惊不屑一顾或无所谓。例::HuhWhatdidyousay相当于:What例::HuhIdon'tgiveadamn⇒(pastor):主管牧师牧师常用的两个词还有minister和priest⇒(preach):尽管常用来表示教会的“布道”“传教”等在日常口语也常引伸来表示极力地倡导、灌输、劝诱希望他人接受例::Shouldtheybeallowedtopreachhatred诱导人们充满仇恨例::Weshouldpreachtoleranceofothers倡导对别人宽容⇒(compassion):同情、怜悯不用复数和pity,sympathy相比它更强调要帮助不幸之人。搭配有:have~forfeel~forin(wite)compassion例::Thenursehascompassionforthesickpatient例::Shelookedathimincompassion怜悯的看着他⇒(extend)表示给予相当于give,offer常与thanks,goodwishes,compassion,condolences例::I'dliketoextendmythankstoeverybodyformakingthiseveningasuccess例::Victorextendedhisgoodwishestothenewlymarriedcouple例::We'dliketoextendourcondolencestothefamily⇒(shelter):有顶的遮盖物躲避处吃、住:food,shelter衣、食、住:food,clothingandshelter衣、食、住、行:food,clothing,shelterandtransportation衣、食、住、行:basicnecessitiesoflife(动词)→例:Thecityfoods,clothes,andshelterstheorphans(孤儿)⇒(comeupwith)想到一个主意或计划搭配有:idea,planproposal,solutionway等⇒(inneed)指人在food,clothing,andhousing等生活必需品方面的要求,所以它的用法"人"后面inneed课文中:thoseinneed,非常口语的说法,省略了"whoare"例:Contributesomemoneyforthosewhoareinneed例:Thecharityworkswitholdpeoplewhoareinneed⇒(helpout):遇到困难问题时口语中表达请求帮助常用helpout,相当于“帮帮忙啦”比如你在填猜字迷(wordpuzzle)你不得解这时你可以说:例:Ifyouaresogood,pleasehelpmeout⇒(becauseof)介词短语后面应跟名词例:Istayedhomebecauseofillness⇒(talent)①天生的能力可数名词可用单也可用复数例:Jessicahasquiteatalentformusic例:Histalentsarebeingwastedinthatjob②在口语中也常指专业人才人才特别指娱乐业方面不用复数形式但可使用定冠词:thetalent例:Goodtalentishardtofindunlessyougothroughanagent⇒(help)对某人来说做事可以变得可能或更容易常用helpto例:Avoidingfattyfoodsandsaltcanhelptobringdownyourbloodpressure协助帮助某人做某事则用helpdo如课文的例子:“helpraisemoney”小说helptoraisemoney例:Icanhelporganizetheseshoes相当“我可以帮你来”。例:Mikecanhelploadthetruck相当“Mike可以帮我的”。如果主语不是人而是物并且表示的是有助或有利于改善某种艰难的或痛苦的情形也要用helpdo例:Aspirinwillhelprelievethepain⇒(counton)relyondependon信赖、靠得住、搭配:~sbtodo例:Youcancountonmetohelp例:IcancountonVictortogetthejobdone③翻译一遍短对话。④听一遍录音。第二课时Longconversations长对话()梗概:男女之间的约会。Laura总是迟到。Victor很不高兴。说好了去看电影可Laura又见到时装情不自禁。电影误了Laura再三恳求下Victor答应去跳舞。Laura精心打扮一番后Victor却没按约定的时间到来。Laura以为Victor小心眼有意涮她一次恼怒之中只好御下打扮准备睡觉这时Victor敲门了……①听一遍录音②看课文跟读③详解:⇒(cutit)口语中常和否定式连用表示没有达到要求不能令人满意这个意思。例:Thissloppy(马马虎虎)workjustdoesn'tcutitinourcompany(不合格不可接受)请不要和(cutitout)相混住口、住手例:You'retalkingnonsenseagainCutitout!例:WhyIthinkyouhaveacrushonJane!Cutitout!别瞎说。⇒(besupposedto)口语中十分常用supposed是形容词。口语中有以下四种问法值得注意。、表示“有……意图”或“按照想象应该”→(照理应该)例:amedicinethatissupposedtorelievepain、表示“按要求约定应当……”如果课文中的例子(本该、本应当)例:She'ssupposedtodoatschool、表示“许可、允许”→(不能)例:You'renotsupposedtosmokeinhere、表示“相信的期待中的”→(被认为、被相信是)例:You'resupposedtobemybestfriend我视你为…⇒(now)单独用时表示强调引起人的注意命令转话题例:Now,whowantstogotothebeach例:Now,wheredidIputmystapler口语中安慰别人会说“now,now”两个词相当于汉语的“好了好了”。例:Now,now,don'tcry课文中的意思是:“好了好了……”另外:nowthat在口语经常出现连接词:“因为”“由于”例:NowthatIliveonlyafewblocksfromwork,Iwalktoworkandenjoyit例:Nowthatit'sdartout,I'dbettergohome例:Nowthatyou'vebrokenit,you'dbetterfixit例:Nowthatspringishere,wecanexpertmilderweather⇒(get)表示“理解”、“明白”getthemessage明白用意getthepoint明白意思是什么。例:Ididn'tgetwhathesaid例:Igotyou!例:Yougotit!完全正确我完全同意你的说法。⇒(checkout)、表示leave旅馆住完饭店后办手续离开例:WehavetocheckoutearlytomorrowmorningtocatchthefirstplanebacktoBeijingthecheckouttime(is)离后时间、表示商店超市付钱图书馆借出书时用例:IwascheckingoutmygrocerieswhenIrememberedthatIhadn'tgottenanyyogurtatthecheckoutcheckoutcounter付款台(商店超市等)图书被借出去的地方。、表示“看看是否属实”“证实”“验证一下”(课文)checksbsthout例:Itsoundsgoods,I'llcheckitout⇒(holdit!)“制止”“停下来不要继续……”相当于:“别动”“慢”例:Holdit!What'swrongYoualmoststeppedonmycontactlens⇒(noway)坚决拒绝决不没门儿没戏下辈子吧!例:WillyoutakemyTOEFLtestformeNoway!我才不干呢!例:Marryhim嫁给他?Noway!下辈子吧!⇒(tryon)表示“试衣服”(课文)tryoneverydress每件都试例:Tryonthoseshoes试鞋合不合脚。例:Tryonthoseuniformsforsize试衣间fittingroom⎭⎬⎫⎩⎨⎧smallbig小大太tooforme正好Thatfitsmewell⇒(peek)瞄一眼后常用at⇒peekat…用peek常含有不该看而偷偷看的意思这里是表示快瞄一眼。⇒(fashion)指穿着或行为方面的“时尚”不用复数。例:FashionhasneverinterestedmeIWantcomfort以复数出现时fashions专指衣服的设计和样式:例:Ihaveadecentjob,soIcanaffordtobuythelatestfashions与fashions相搭配的形容词有:newlatest等。⇒(finished)adj.完成了,做完了⇒I'mfinished相当于I'mdone这个意思与说:Ihavefinished一致.完结了...,.完蛋了...,.被毁了...⇒sb'scareerisfinished断送了前途..,仕途..I'mfinished!我这下可完了!⇒(catch)除表示“抓住”以外口语常表达“按时赶上”…例:tocatchthe:train例:tocatchthelastshow⇒(picksbup)用车接某人⇒dropsboff用车把…送到某地例:Who'sgoingtopickmeupattheairport例:MywifeiswaitingformenowIcanonlydropyouoffsomewhereonmywaybackhome⇒(makeit)成功,达到目地例:Ifyoudon'tstudyhard,you'llnevermakeit!例:Imadeit!⇒(whodoeshethinkheis)常表示愤怒时,对一个人傲慢无礼不屑一顾,他别自以为是了!例:WhodoyouthinkyouareYoucan'ttalktomethatway!接近的口语:例:Whodoyouthinkyou'rekidding你在哄谁例:Whodoyouthinkyou'retalkingto你知道你再跟谁说话吗你怎么可以这么对我讲话⇒(awesome)棒极了例:Yournewhaircutisawesome真棒例:YougotstraightA'sthissemesterThat'sanawesomeachievemen真令人赞叹!⇒(hot)生气,愤怒I'mhot!我生气了!英语:急燥的脾气→hottemper例:Billhasahottemperandgetsangryalot脾气太爆动不动就发火⇒(standup)说来没来例:Ididn'tmeantostandyouuplastnight,butIwascaughtintraffic⇒(changeinto)换衣服,改穿…课文:换成舒服的衣服准备睡觉例:I'lljustchangeintosthalittledressier考究一点的习语篇:在日常生活中比较习惯用的说法美语就会特别地道可以增进我们的听力、理解力。⇒goplaces:例:Wow,didyouseethenewguyonthebasketballteamtodayatpractice例:Yeah,he'sanewstudenthere例:Heisreallyanamazingathlete很棒的:amazing例:Hecanshoottheballfromfaroutsidethepointlineordribbleitintothehoopanddunktheball三分线:pointline以外远投:shoottheball突破上篮:dribbleitintothehoop灌篮:dunk例:Heplaysdefensereallywell,too防守:playdefense例:Heblockedtenshotsduringpractice阻挡:block例:Thatkidisreallygoingplaces例:Iknow,heisdefinitelygoingtobeasuccessfulbasketballplayer例:He'llprobablymakeitintotheNBAsomeday⇒betheteacher'spet:tobetheteacher'sfavoritestudent例:Youknow,Sue,Ireallydon'tthinkit'sfairhowIalwaysraisemyhandinchemistryclasstoanswerquestions,buttheteachernevercallsonme举手:raisehand例:MsBrownalwayschoosesSallytohelpherwithdemonstrationsandanswerhomeworkquestions演示:demonstrations例:ComeonMary!EveryoneknowsSallyistheteacher'spetIneveryclassIhavehadwithher,sheisalwaystheteachers'favoritestudent别这样:come忍受:havehadwith例:Iknow,butit'snotfair!Theteachersshouldtrytogetmorestudentsinvolvedwiththeclassinsteadofjustcallingontheirfavoritestudent参加到课堂中来:get…involvedwith⇒getone'sfootinthedoor:表示达到了一个令自己比较满意的地步。例:John,doyouhappentoknowanyonewhoworksatanybigbookpublishingcompaniesinNewYork出版公司:bookpublishing例:Hmmm,I'mnotsureifIdoWhyWhatdoyouneed不太清楚:notsureif第三课时⇒betheteacher'spet:tobetheteacher'sfavoritestudent例:Youknow,Sue,Ireallydon'tthinkit'sfairhowIalwaysraisemyhandinchemistryclasstoanswerquestions,buttheteachernevercallsonme举手:raisehand例:MsBrownalwayschoosesSallytohelpherwithdemonstrationsandanswerhomeworkquestions演示:demonstrations例:ComeonMary!EveryoneknowsSallyistheteacher'spetIneveryclassIhavehadwithher,sheisalwaystheteachers'favoritestudent别这样:come忍受:havehadwith例:Iknow,butit'snotfair!Theteachersshouldtrytogetmorestudentsinvolvedwiththeclassinsteadofjustcallingontheirfavoritestudent参加到课堂中来:get…involvedwith⇒getone'sfootinthedoor:表示达到了一个令自己比较满意的地步。例:John,doyouhappentoknowanyonewhoworksatanybigbookpublishingcompaniesinNewYork出版公司:bookpublishing例:Hmmm,I'mnotsureifIdoWhyWhatdoyouneed不太清楚:notsureif⇒seeeyetoeye:表示双方对问题的看法是一致的。例:Idon'tunderstandTomhowcanyouvoteforMrJonesforthecompany'sCEOinsteadofMrRichards例:WellI'magoodfriendofMrJones'andIwanttoseehimbecomesuccessful例:ButMrRichardsisfarmorequalifiedforthejobEveryoneknowsthatIguesswejustdon'tseeeyetoeyeonthisissueWearejustgoingtohavetodisagreefarmore:强调远远超出胜任这个层次。haveto:不得不只好⇒rubsaltintothewound⇒putone'sbestfootforwardgetone'sducksinarowLessonTwoShortConversations:短对话.AncutlineoftheConversationDonna同Jessie之间由于说话时不慎重产生了误解(misunderstanding)Connie希望彼此像成熟女性(maturewomen)一样讨论问题(discusstheidea)言归于好(trytomakeup)。Donna在Connie说服下勉强同意但却拒绝采取主动。.短对话详解⇒grudge:心存的不满积怨尤指对自己不好的人的一种愤怒的情感常以这样的搭配出现:holdagrudge或holdagrudgeagainstsb例:Hewasn'tonetoholdagrudge,buthewasn'tgoingtobefriendly他不是那种堵气的人可他也不会十分友好。例:Donnawon'ttalktoJessiebecauseshe'sholdingagrudgeagainsther耿耿于怀。⇒SohaveI口语中表示“也……”常用sov(动词)s(主语)。课文中SohaveI意思是I'vebeenthinkingaboutthehomelesstoo我也在考虑突出的意思是:also,too这一意义:例:IlikebeefSodoI例:IamateacherSoamI例:IhaveabikeSohaveI例:IwillgoSowillI注意区别这样的语序:例:YouareateacherSoIam的确=>indeedexactly例:ItwascoldyesterdayYes,soitwas的确如此例:We'vehadalotofrainrecentlySowehave=>Yes,wehave课文:You'vebeenthinkingaboutthehomeless,huhSoIhave⇒infact实际上其实作副词成份例:Infact,youshouldneverhaveaskedthequestion用来强调(表示递进的意思):确切地说甚至这一用法在口头表达时常出现应引起注意。例:Iwasn'tinShanghailastmonthInfact,I'veneverbeenhere例:Robertwasn'tattheexamyesterdayInfact,hedidn'tcometoschoolatall…甚至根本…⇒gettogether口语中另一常见形式为名词gettogether聚会例:Helenwenthomeforafamilygettogetherovertheweekend⇒I'msure表示“肯定确定无疑”搭配:正式I'msurethat句子口语表达中that常省略比较:例:I'msurethatIleftmywalletonmydesk(口)例:I'msureleftmybankcardintheATM⇒mean意思是口语中有这样常说的两句:例:ImeanwhatIsay例:IsaywhatImean⇒inthemeeting通常表示“开会时发生什么”用at,表达一种现场感与meeting接近的conferenceparty,ceremony等也用at这里用“in”强调指开会期间突出时间性。例:We'regoingtodiscussyourproposalattomorrow'smeeting例:Hemadehisracistremarksatapressconfenrence例:Ireceivedmanygiftsatmybirthdayparty例:Theyhadafightatahighschooldance⇒bossy专横的霸道的例:“Moveover”shesaidinabossytone语气霸道地说。例:Thebossymandoesn'thavemanyfriends横了叭叽的人。例:John,whyareyousobossy喜欢指手划脚的?⇒Uhhuh口语中多用形声词表达情感形式相接近的有:huhuhohohuhhuhuhohuhuh常发鼻音:说huhuh和uhoh时常伴随着摇头withashakeofthehead表示否定“不不”uhhuh常伴随着点头withanodofthehead表示肯定“是啊!”例:LoveyouHuhuhuhuh例:LoveyouUhhuh说uhoh和ohoh表示吃惊特别是令人不愉快的吃惊相关于口语中的另一个:oops!第四课时=>bet口语中常有表示跟…打赌一说用bet:例:Let'smakeabetonthis(否定)DoyouthinkI'llgetmymoneybeckIwouldn'tbetonit例:Ibetyoutenyuanthatyoudarenotdive但用youbet时表示“当然”“一定”例:CanyouhaveanothercokeYoubet例:YoubetIcandrivehomemyself=>mature表示“成熟”指精神的(mental)情感的(emotional)或身体的(physical)方面发育成熟。像课文注()。例:Billisonlybuthe'sverytallandalreadyquitemature常用来指人或动物搭配:amaturewomanamaturedramatistamatureanimal美国口语中指战争电影观众常用matureaudiences例:Becauseofthesubjectthismovieisrecommendedformatureaudiencesonly成人、少儿不宜。=>disorganize把…安排组织得井然有序用organize由是产生了个重要的词一个就是disorganized混乱无序没有计划性的指“人”organized安排得井然有序有程序的有条理的。例:Athomeandaway,atwork,atschool,andatplaybeingorganizedtoucheseveryaspectofyourlife做得井井有条。例:Youshouldtrytokillyourdisorganizedworkhabits毫无条理的工作习惯。=>crazy表示“发疯”第一课中长对话中有:Youtryoneverydress,anditdrivesmecrazy!这里的drivemecrazy=drivemenuts快把我逼疯了?但口语中它也用来表示:“不实际不可行”“愚蠢的”。例:That'sacrazyideait'stoocomplicated这想法不行太复杂。例:It'scrazytothinkyou'llgetaheadwithoutaneducation不过crazyabout非常喜欢对…漏过。例:I'mjustcrazyaboutwatchingTV例:I'mcrazyaboutthatgirlinmyEnglishclass=>guy:男人例:Twoguysandonegirllefttheroom但口语中有时用来指一帮人包括男的和女的。例:Areyouguyscomingtotheparty=>makeup和好和解(这里不是“化妆”的意思):becomefriends例:Theytalkedovertheirdifferencesandmadeup说出交换意思。=>notachance常用句例:DoyouthinkourschoolteamwillwintomorrowNotachance!例:CanIhavethispieceoffurniturediliveredbyMondayNotachance!口语中使用“not”简短却实用的常用句还有:notagain!相当于汉语的“不会吧”“怎么又这样呢”!表示不相信某事又发生了。例:FredwasdumpedbyhisgirlfriendNotagain!例:Thesinkinthebathroomisleaking

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