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首页 新东方综合讲义

新东方综合讲义

新东方综合讲义

静待花开
2008-11-02 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《新东方综合讲义doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

两个要求:PPPassion·Inspiration·Motivation全球化的影响职业趋向个人价值的实现Practice好好背单词课上所要解决的三件事情:IcameIfoughtIconqueredIcameIlearnedIforgot,句子的理解,核心单词的突破(-单词相差个核心词汇左右)如何来学习词汇(背单词)如何来学习词汇(背单词)pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosispneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosispneum:表示肺的肺部的ono:表示这个词是一个医学词汇ultra:表示“过度的”microscopic:telescope望远镜microscope显微镜microscopic“小的异常小的”silico:silicon“硅的硅酸盐的”volcano:“火山火山灰尘埃”coniosis:“表示沉着性疾病”整个单词:“肺部超微粒硅酸盐尘埃沉着性疾病”又叫“矽肺病”方法一:词根词缀法英语当中绝大多数词汇来源于拉丁语拉丁语构词规范:前缀词根及后缀前缀:正反意或方向性词根:单词本身的含义后缀:词性词根词缀法记忆单词的优点及好处:串成串来记忆:认识的单词和不认识的单词透过词根词缀来猜单词例子:dict词根:说predictpre前缀:在之前向前predict:预言dictationtion典型的名词(n)后缀dictation听写dictatororer表示人dictator独裁者统治者logu词根:说dialoguedia相对的对面的diameter:(圆的)直径dialogue:对话monologuemono单独的独自的monologue:独白loqu词根:说loquatious多嘴的能聊的(东北话:唠嗑的)eloquent有口才的能言善辩的(东北话:爱唠嗑的)sect词根:切(cut)sectiontion名词后缀section:部分transectiontrans前缀:从一个地方到另一个地方egtransplant横transection横切面横截面横断面vivisection:vivi>vivid生动的活泼的vivi活的vivisection:活体解剖对学习词根词缀有帮助的本书:胡敏《讲故事背单词》(基础相对不好高中之后没有背过单词的同学)蒋争《英语词汇的奥秘》刘毅一系列丛书(含有字根、字缀的)俞敏洪《英语六级词根词缀联想记忆法》中级英语词汇词根词缀是关键方法二:联想记忆法ComplementCompliment发音一致外形相近意思完全不同一个是“补充补足”另外一个是“赞美赞扬”相差一个字母如何记忆如何区分呢?联想记忆法Compliment:“i”联想成“爱”->“赞美赞扬”的意思Complement:“心中无爱”->“补充补足”三种联想记忆词汇的方法:词义联想(近义词反义词)近义词三个“遵守”Complywithconformtoadhereto四个“永远”Permanentperpetualeternalforever五个“激起唤起引起引发”Evokeelicitprovokearousetrigger反义词Ascend<>descend词形和读音联想凹凸A:->A两个单词:Fragrant芳香的富裕的Flagrant恶臭的臭名昭著的通过汉语拼音来联想例子:Chaos-吵闹喧闹Bungalow-平房Peccadillo-小缺点小毛病方法三:阅读中记忆单词选择什么样的文章来读?文章有个单词(个单词不认识)方法四:适当地做词汇题目加强对词汇的理解和记忆难词辨义Descend下降(仅仅表示从高处到低处简单的下降)Decline下降(数字、比率和指标的下降)方法五:通过级词汇的相关性来学习词汇Overpassoverpassoverpassn过街天桥v超越跨越Underlineunderlineunderlinev突出强调方法六:利用“人体规律法”背单词每天背多少单词最合适每个单词背几遍最合适什么时间背单词最合适什么环境、什么温度背单词最合适用什么姿势背单词最合适、最健康、记忆效果最好:站着背坐着背躺着背趴着背蹲着背跑着背跳着背每天背个单词左右最佳:a)如果是短期记忆:每个单词背遍b)如果要长期记忆:每个单词背遍最好背单词的最佳时间:晚上睡前的半小时和早上醒来后的小时背单词最适宜的温度:摄氏度左右(个人体验)背单词最佳姿势:“倒背如流”(可操作性不强)最佳的姿势:来回走着背。优点:a)辅助记忆便于思考利于大脑的快速运转b)预防疾病Cervicalspondylosis颈椎软骨疾病方法七:生活当中随时随地背单词Robust畅销的饮料“乐百事”:强壮的健壮的Yoghurt:酸奶Reserved:预定预留v原型是reserve真题(年月题)whenhetriedtomakea,hefoundthatthehotelwascompletelyfilledbecauseofaconventionA)reservationB)claimC)messD)revision真题(年月题)Whenhetriedtomakea,hefoundthatthehotelthathewantedwascompletely   filledbecauseofaconvention  A)complaint       B)claim           C)reservation     D)decision总结:背单词眼耳口手齐到才能真正记住单词六级常考词汇的分类部分真题的讲解六级常考词汇分类:长难单词:a拼写长b,读音怪c意思抽象注意:又抽又长的单词egreservationobligation:义务Althoughmostdreamsapparentlyhappen,dreamactivitymaybeprovokedbyexternalinfluencesA)spontaneouslyC)homogeneouslyB)simultaneouslyD)instantaneously近义词egscangazepeerglancescan扫视浏览glance一瞥短语搭配:六级考试考查四级短语seeto照料照顾lookinto调查goinfor从事参与,形近易混词Sheera完全的纯粹的shearn大剪刀v剪羊毛stationarya静止的不动的stationeryn文具foula犯规的nv犯规fowln家禽UNITHiscareerwasnotnoticeablybythefactthathehadneverbeentocollegeA)preventedB)preventedC)hinderedD)refrainedWhentrappedindriftingsands,donotstruggle,oryouwillbeindeeperA)absorbedB)pushedC)heavedD)suckedToforhisunpleasantexperienceshedrankalittlemorethanwasgoodforhimA)commenceB)compromiseC)compensateD)complimentAllvisitorsarerequestedtowiththeregulationsA)complyB)agreeC)assistD)consentThecaptainthehorizonforapproachingshipsA)scannedB)scrutinizedC)exploredD)sweptThevastmajorityofpeopleinanygivenculturewillestablishedstandardsofthatcultureA)confineB)conformC)confrontD)confirmAlthoughhewasonadiet,thefoodhimenormouslyA)inspiredB)temptedC)overcameD)encouragedHisargumentdoesnotsuggestthatmankindcantobewastefulintheutilizationoftheseresourcesA)resortB)grantC)affordD)entitleIfyouwantthispainkiller,you'llhavetoaskthedoctorforaA)receiptB)recipeC)subscriptionD)prescriptionSomefishhaveagreaterforacidwaterthanothersA)toleranceB)resistanceC)dependenceD)persietenceTherewasonceatowninthiscountrywherealllifeseemedtoliveinwithitssurroundingsA)coincidenceB)harmonyC)uniformD)allianceThecourtconsidersafinancialtobeanappropriatewayofpunishinghimA)paymentB)obligationC)optionD)penaltyItistruethatawildplantintoamajorfoodcropsuchaswheatrequiresmuchresearchtimeA)multiplyingB)breedingC)magnifyingD)generatingThegovernmenthasdevotedalargersliceofitsnationaltoagriculturethanmostothercountriesA)resourcesB)potentialC)budgetD)economyInthispoorcountry,survivalisstilltheleadingindustryallelseisA)luxuryB)accommodationC)entertainmentD)refreshmentSomecriminalswereprintingdollarbillsuntiltheywerearrestedA)decentB)fakeC)patentD)suspiciousMrBloomisnotnow,buthewillbefamoussomedayA)significantB)dominantC)magnificentD)prominentHisbodytemperaturehasbeenfordays,thehighestpointreachingdegreecentigradeA)uncommonB)disorderedC)abnormalD)extraordinaryHeseemstobeenoughtoclimbtothemountaintopinanhourA)radiantB)conscientiousC)conspicuousD)energeticAlthoughcatscannotseeincompletedarknesstheireyesaremuchmoretolightthanarehumaneyesA)glowingB)brilliantC)sensitiveD)gloomy单词记忆方法:gloom)oom->roomgl-room)loo->lookgg-look-mmWhilenuclearweaponspresentgravedangers,thepredominantcrisisofoverpopulationiswithustodayA)inevitableB)constantC)overwhelmingD)potentialThisisthepianoonwhichthecomposercreatedsomeofhisgreatestworksA)trueB)originalC)realD)genuineComparisonandcontrastareoftenusedinadvertisementsA)intentionallyB)pertinentlyC)incidentallyD)tiresomelyAcompleteinvestigationintothecausesoftheaccidentshouldleadtoimprovedstandardsandshouldnewoperatingproceduresA)resultisB)matchwithC)subjecttoD)proceedwithpopularbeliefthatclassicalmusicistoocomplex,itachievesasimplicitythatonlyageniuscancreateA)SubjecttoB)ContrarytoC)FamiliartoD)SimilartoThebondoftrueaffectionhadpulledussixverydifferentmenfromsixverydifferentcountriesacrossAntarcticaweprovedintheendthatweweren'tverydifferentA)forallB)asusualC)inparticularD)afterallThoughherparentshermusicalability,Jerrilou'spianoplayingisreallyterribleA)pourscornonB)heappraiseuponC)giveventtoD)castlightuponSomechildrendisplayancuriosityabouteverynewthingtheyencounterA)incredibleB)infectiousC)incompatibleD)inaccessibleBruceStephengrippedthewheelhardasthecarbouncedupanddownA)stirringB)drivingC)steeringD)revolvingManyofthescientistsandengineersarejudgedhowgreattheirachievementsareA)inspiteofB)inwaysofC)infavorofD)intermsofUnitThedirectionsweresothatitwasimpossibletocompletetheassignmentA)ingeniousB)ambitiousC)notoriousD)ambiguousBecauseadegreefromagooduniversityisthemeanstoabetterjob,educationisoneofthemostareasinJapaneselifeA)sophisticatedB)competitiveC)considerateD)superficialIfapersontalksabouthisweakpoints,hislistenerisexpectedtosaysomethinginthewayofA)persuasionB)remedyC)encouragementD)compromiseHerinterestinredecoratingthebighousekeptherforawholeweekA)constrainedB)dominatedC)restrictedD)occupiedIfweourrelationswiththatcountry,we'llhavetofindanothersupplierofrawmaterialsA)diffuseB)diminishC)terminateD)precludeMoviedirectorsusemusictotheactiononthescreenA)contaminateB)complimentC)contemplateD)complementAterribletrafficaccidenthappenedpeopleweresaddenedwhentheywatchedthesightonTVA)panicB)patrioticC)patheticD)periodicManytouristswerebythecity'scomplicatedtrafficsystemA)degradedB)bewilderedC)evokedD)divertedOverthelastfifteenyears,runninghasbecomeapopularformillionparticipantsofallagesA)fantasyB)pastimeC)symposiumD)penaltySomepeoplethinkthatatranslation,orwordforwordtranslation,iseasierthanafreetranslationA)litetalB)literaryC)liberalD)linearManynovelsthatattempttomirrortheworldarereallyoftherealitythattheyrepresentA)reflectionsB)demonstrationsC)illuminationsD)reproductionsItisthroughlearningthattheindividualmanyhabitualwaysofreactingtosituationsA)retainsB)gainsC)achievesD)acquiresGenerally,itisonlywhenanimalsaretrappedthattheytoviolenceinordertoescapeA)proceedB)appealC)resortD)inclineMaryoncewithanothermusiciantocomposeapieceofpopmusicA)mergedB)collaboratedC)coincidedD)constitutedDuringtheirfistteachertrainingyear,thestudentsoftenvisitedlocalschoolsfortheoflessonsA)observationB)investigationC)inspectionD)examinationHeattendstotheofimportantbusinesshimselfA)transactionB)transitionC)transmissionD)transformationOutofrevenge,hedidhisworsttoblackenhercharacterandruinherreputationA)perfectB)totalC)sheerD)integralAmostargumentaboutwhoshouldgoandfetchthebreadfromthekitchenwasgoingonwhenIcameinA)trivialB)delicateC)minorD)miniatureThechildrencheeredupwhentheysawhundredsofcolorfulballonsslowlyintotheskyA)floatingB)raisingC)heavingD)ascendingDoyouhaveanyaboutwhatlivingbeingsonotherplanetswouldbelikeA)idealB)comprehensionC)notionD)intelligenceWerarelyperceivemorethanaminuteofthesightsandsoundsthatfalluponoursenseorgansthegreatmajoritypassusbyA)fictionB)functionC)fractionD)frictionFormanypatients,institutionalcareisthemostandbeneficialformofcareA)persistentB)appropriateC)thoughtfulD)sufficientIt'spleasureforhimtohisenergyandevenhislifetoresearchworkA)dedicateB)dictateC)decorateD)directTheyarewellwitheachothersincetheyoncestudiedinthesameuniversityA)identifiedB)recognizedC)acknowledgedD)acquaintedThereisadifferenceinmeaningbetweenthewordssurroundingsandenvironmentA)gentleB)subtleC)feebleD)humbleAllthefinishedproductsarestoredinaofthedeliveryportandshippingisavailableatanytimeA)garageB)cabinetC)capsuleD)warehousewhenhetriedtomakea,hefoundthatthehotelwascompletelyfilledbecauseofaconventionA)reservationB)claimC)messD)revisionParentstakeagreatinterestinthequestionsbraisedbytheirchildrenA)nastyB)naiveC)obscureD)offensiveAlthoughitwashisfirstexperienceaschairman,beoverthemeetingwithgreatskillA)presidedB)administeredC)masteredD)executedBothpartiespromisedtothecontracttobesignedthefollowingdayA)keepwithB)tanglewithC)adheretoD)devotetoUnitTheSpaceAgeinOctoberwhenthefirstartificialsatellitewaslaunchedbythe  SovietUnion  A)initiated       B)originated      C)embarked        D)commencedJohnsaidthathedidn'tquiteandaskedmetorepeatwhatIhadsaid  A)snatchup       B)summonup       C)catchon        D)watchoutWhenhetriedtomakea,hefoundthatthehotelthathewantedwascompletely   filledbecauseofaconvention  A)complaint       B)claim           C)reservation     D)decisionInourhighlytechnologicalsociety,thenumberofjobsforunskilledworkeris  A)shrinking       B)obscuring       C)altering        D)constrainingThefirehascausedgreatlosses,butthefactorytriedtotheconsequencesbysaying  thatthedamagewasnotasseriousasreported   A)decrease        B)subtract        C)minimize        D)degradeIftheworldistoremainpeacefultheutmosteffortmustbemadebynationstolimit   local  A)collisions      B)combats         C)contradictions  D)conflictsSatellitecommunicationsaresouptodatethatevenwheninthemiddleofthe   Pacific,businessmencancontacttheirofficesasiftheywerenextdoor  A)gliding         B)cruising        C)piloting        D)patrollingInthepasttenyearsskyscrapershavedevelopedinChicagoandNewYorkCity  A)homogeneously   B)simultaneously  C)spontaneously   D)harmoniouslyThecourtconsidersafinancialtobeanappropriatewayofpunishinghim  A)option          B)duty            C)obligation      D)penaltyIthinkthatIcommittedainaskingherbecausesheseemedveryupsetbymy  question  A)blunder         B)revenge         C)reproach        D)scandalEvenwhentextbooksarethroughaschoolsystem,methodsofteachingmayvary   greatly  A)commonplace     B)standardized    C)competitive     D)generalizedTheyhavealwaysregardedamanofandfairnessasareliablefriend  A)robustness      B)temperament     C)integrity       D)compactnessAllindividualsarerequiredtotothelawsmadebytheirgovernments  A)obey            B)conform         C)concede         D)observeThebasiccausesareunknown,althoughcertainconditionsthatmayleadtocancerhavebeen    A)identified      B)guaranteed      C)notified        D)conveyedItisverystrangebutIhadanthattheplanewouldcrash  A)inspiration     B)intuition       C)imagination     D)incentiveThechangingimageofthefamilyontelevisionprovidesintochangingattitudes   towardthefamilyinsociety  A)insights        B)presentations   C)revelations     D)specificationsThetownplanningcommissionsaidthattheirfinancialoutlookforthenextyearwas  optimisticTheyexpectincreasedtax  A)efficiency      B)revenues        C)privileges      D)validityBillisanexampleofaseverelydisabledpersonwhohasbecomeatmanysurvival   skills  A)proficient      B)persistent      C)consistent      D)sufficientThetiesthatbindustogetherincommonactivityaresothattheycandisappearat  anymoment  A)trivial         B)fatal           C)tentative       D)feebleDuringtheconstructionofskyscrapers,cranesareusedtobuildingmaterialstothe  upperfloors  A)toss            B)tow             C)hoist           D)hurlDiamondshavelittlevalueandtheirpricedependsalmostentirelyontheirscarcity  A)extinct         B)permanent       C)surplus         D)intrinsicThekitchenwassmallandsothatthedisabledcouldreacheverythingwithout  difficulty  A)conventional    B)compact         C)compatible      D)conciseHewillresigninviewofthecompletefailureoftheresearchproject  A)doubtfully      B)adequately      C)presumably      D)reasonablyThegoalistomakehighereducationavailabletoeveryonewhoiswillingandcapable   hisfinancialsituation  A)withrespectto B)inaccordwith  C)regardlessof   D)intermsofTheoriginalelectionsweredeclaredbytheformermilitaryruler  A)void            B)vulgar          C)surplus         D)extravagantTheystoodgazingatthehappyofchildrenplayinginthepark  A)perspective     B)view            C)landscape       D)sceneAnobviouschangeofattitudeatthetoptowardswomen'sstatusinsocietywill   throughthecurrentlawsysteminJapan  A)permeate        B)probe           C)violate         D)gropeWhenherealizedhehadbeentosignthecontractbyintrigue,hethreatenedto   startlegalproceedingstocanceltheagreement  A)elicited        B)excited         C)deduced         D)inducedTheseareasrelyonagriculturealmost,havingfewmineralresourcesandaminimum   ofindustrialdevelopment  A)respectively    B)extraordinarily C)incredibly      D)exclusivelyUnitWhenpeopleareaskedwhatkindofhousingtheyneedorwant,thequestiona   varietyofanswers  A)evokesB)mediatesc)defiesD)magnifiesIfyouwanttosetupacompany,youmustwiththeregulationslaiddownbythe   authorities   A)complyB)adhereC)confirmD)accordAlthoughthereareoccasionaloutbreaksofgunfire,wecanreportthatthe   rebellionhasinthemainbeen  A)destroyedB)suppressedC)canceledD)restrainedSincethetwocountriescouldn'ttheirdifferences,theydecidedtostoptheir  negotiations    A)obligeB)reconcileC)rectifyD)obscureThepresidentialcandidatehispositionbywinningseveralprimaryelections    A)enforcedB)enrichedC)consolidatedD)intensifiedThefuelofthecontinentalmissileissupposedtobebythisdevice    A)lightedB)inspiredC)firedD)ignitedMikejustdiscoveredthathispassporthadthreemonthsago    A)expiredB)amendedC)abolishedD)constrainedFranklyspeaking,yourarticleisverygoodexceptforsomemistakesingrammar    A)trivialB)obscureC)rareD)glaringTherewasonceanideathattheearthwasflatandmotionless    A)eternalB)offensiveC)absurdD)intrinsicCertainspeciesdisappearedorbecameasnewformsarosethatwerebetteradapted   totheEarth'schangingenvironment   A)feebleB)extinguishedC)extinctD)massiveHisdirectionsconfuseduswedidnotknowwhichofthetworoadstotake   A)ambiguousB)complicatedC)intricateD)arbitraryFranklinDRooseveltarguedthatthedepressionstemmedfromtheAmerican  economy'sflaws  A)underliningB)vulnerableC)vulgarD)underlyingunder开头的一系列六级词汇:undertake承担承办从事着手undergo经受经历underline突出强调underlining突出的强调的underlie以…为基础underlying基础的基本的underdone半熟的<->overdone过熟的故事中的词汇六级钟和饮食相关的单词:翻译菜名的公式烹调方法+菜品+主料+wit

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