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首页 [美]柯临清:造就中国革命:二十世纪二十年代的激进妇女、共产政治与群众运动(加州大学 1995)

[美]柯临清:造就中国革命:二十世纪二十年代的激进妇女、共产政治与群众运动(加州大学 1995)

[美]柯临清:造就中国革命:二十世纪二十年代的激进妇女、共产政…

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简介:本文档为《[美]柯临清:造就中国革命:二十世纪二十年代的激进妇女、共产政治与群众运动(加州大学 1995)pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

covercovernextpage>title:EngenderingtheChineseRevolution:RadicalWomen,CommunistPolitics,andMassMovementsinthesauthor:Gilmartin,ChristinaKpublisher:UniversityofCaliforniaPressisbn|asin:printisbn:ebookisbn:language:EnglishsubjectWomenandsocialismChina,CommunismChinaHistory,ChinaHistorypublicationdate:lcc:HXGebddc:subject:WomenandsocialismChina,CommunismChinaHistory,ChinaHistorycovernextpage>Ifyoulikethisbook,buyit!file:E|外文著作产生中国革命:年代的激进妇女、共产党政治与群众运动filescoverhtml::pageiii<previouspagepageiiinextpage>PageiiiEngenderingtheChineseRevolutionRadicalWomen,CommunistPolitics,andMassMovementsinthesChristinaKelleyGilmartinUNIVERSITYOFCALIFORNIAPRESSBerkeleyLosAngelesLondon<previouspagepageiiinextpage>Ifyoulikethisbook,buyit!file:E|外文著作产生中国革命:年代的激进妇女、共产党政治与群众运动filespageiiihtml::pageiv<previouspagepageivnextpage>PageivDisclaimer:ThisbookcontainscharacterswithdiacriticsWhenthecharacterscanberepresentedusingtheISOcharacterset(","http:wwwworgTRimageslatingif">http:wwwworgTRimageslatingif),netLibrarywillrepresentthemastheyappearintheoriginaltext,andmostcomputerswillbeabletoshowthefullcharacterscorrectlyInordertokeepthetextsearchableandreadableonmostcomputers,characterswithdiacriticsthatarenotpartoftheISOlistwillberepresentedwithouttheirdiacriticalmarksChaptersandarereprintedinsignificantlyexpandedformfrom"GenderintheFormationofaCommunistBodyPolitic,"ModernChina,no(July):(©SagePublications,Inc),bypermissionofSagePublications,IncChapterisreprintedwithchangesfrom"Gender,PoliticalCulture,andWomen'sMobilizationintheChineseNationalistRevolution,,"inEngenderingChina:Women,Culture,andtheState(Cambridge:HarvardUniversityPress,),,bypermissionofHarvardUniversityPressUniversityofCaliforniaPressBerkeleyandLosAngeles,CaliforniaUniversityofCaliforniaPress,LtdLondon,England©bytheRegentsofTheUniversityofCaliforniaLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataGilmartin,ChristinaKEngenderingtheChineserevolution:radicalwomen,communistpolitics,andmassmovementsinthesChristinaKelleyGilmartinpcmIncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexISBN(alkpaper)ISBN(pbk:alkpaper)WomenandsocialismChinaCommunismChinaHistoryChinaHistoryITitleHXG'dcPrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmericaThepaperusedinthispublicationmeetstheminimumrequirementsofAmericanNationalStandardforInformationSciencesPermanenceofPaperforPrintedLibraryMaterials,ANSIZ<previouspagepageivnextpage>Ifyoulikethisbook,buyit!file:E|外文著作产生中国革命:年代的激进妇女、共产党政治与群众运动filespageivhtml::pagev<previouspagepagevnextpage>PagevInmemoryofArthurTBissonandAdeleAustinRickett,fortheirintellectualinspiration,devotiontoteaching,andmoralcourage<previouspagepagevnextpage>Ifyoulikethisbook,buyit!file:E|外文著作产生中国革命:年代的激进妇女、共产党政治与群众运动filespagevhtml::pagevii<previouspagepageviinextpage>PageviiCONTENTSPhotographsfollowingpageMapsixAcknowledgmentxiNoteonRomanizationxiiiIntroductionPartI:GenderintheFormationofaCommunistBodyPolitic,InaDifferentVoice:MaleCommunistRhetoriconWomen'sEmancipationTentativeProgrammaticBeginnings:WangHuiwu'sLeadershipXiangJingyu'sDilemmaInsidetheParty<previouspagepageviinextpage>Ifyoulikethisbook,buyit!file:E|外文著作产生中国革命:年代的激进妇女、共产党政治与群众运动filespageviihtml::pageviii<previouspagepageviiinextpage>PageviiiPartII:ThePoliticsofGenderintheNationalRevolution,MayThirtiethRevolutionaryUpsurgeGuangdongMassWomen'sMovementOntheVergeofRevolutionaryGenderTransformationsConclusionandConsequencesAppendixI:TableofCommunistSponsoredMassWomen'sOrganizationsAppendix:BiographicalDirectoryNotesGlossaryBibliographyIndex<previouspagepageviiinextpage>Ifyoulikethisbook,buyit!file:E|外文著作产生中国革命:年代的激进妇女、共产党政治与群众运动filespageviiihtml::pageix<previouspagepageixnextpage>PageixMAPSChinaShanghaiTheNorthernExpeditionTaipingRoute<previouspagepageixnextpage>Ifyoulikethisbook,buyit!file:E|外文著作产生中国革命:年代的激进妇女、共产党政治与群众运动filespageixhtml::pagexi<previouspagepagexinextpage>PagexiACKNOWLEDGMENTSThisworkwouldnothavereachedtheprintedpagewithoutthehelpofmanyfriendsandcolleagueswhoencouragedme,providedmewithinvaluableadviceandmoralsupport,andcommentedonmynumerousdraftsSpecialthanksgotoGailHershatter,CarmaHinton,EmilyHonig,andMarilynYoung,whopatientlywadedthroughvariousrenditionsofthismanuscriptasitevolvedfromadoctoraldissertationintoabookThisworkwasalsoimmeasurablyimprovedbythecriticismsandsuggestionsmadebyKathrynBernhardt,LauraFrader,KandiceHauf,TonySaich,KonstantinVSchevelyoff,VeraSchwarcz,MarkSelden,LyndaShaffer,RubieWatson,andWeiliYeMyworkhasbenefitedfromtheassistanceofmanyinstitutionsIamverygratefulforthegenerousfinancialsupportIhavereceivedovertheyearsTheCommitteeforScholarlyCommunicationwiththePeople'sRepublicofChinafundedtheinitialdissertationresearch,theAmericanCouncilofLearnedSocietiesprovidedmewithapostdoctoralfellowshiptoexpandandrewritethedissertation,andtheUniversityofHoustonawardedmeasummerresearchgrantthatallowedmetousetheNationalistPartyArchivesatYangmingshaninTaiwanTheUniversityofHoustonandNortheasternUniversityalsoprovidedfundingforassistancefromseveralgraduatestudents:HeZhigong,whoconscientiouslyreadthroughsomeHunanandGuangdongnewspapers,HeHongfei,whohelpedmelocatesomeimportantsourcesintheYenchingLibraryatHarvardUniversity,MichaelO'Connor,whoassistedmeinthefinalpreparationofthebibliographyandcheckingcitationsinthenotes,BarbaraClough,whosatinfrontofacomputerforagoodnumberofhourstypinginrevisionsof<previouspagepagexinextpage>Ifyoulikethisbook,buyit!file:E|外文著作产生中国革命:年代的激进妇女、共产党政治与群众运动filespagexihtml::pagexii<previouspagepagexiinextpage>Pagexiianearlierdraft,andChengYinghong,whocheckedtheinformationinthedirectoryOvertheyearsIenjoyedthehospitalityofmanylibrariesandarchivesIwishtothankthestaffsattheBeijingNationalLibrary,theBeijingNormalUniversityLibrary,theGuangzhouMunicipalLibrary,theGuangdongRevolutionaryHistoryMuseum,theHunanRevolutionaryHistoryMuseum,theModernHistoryInstituteLibraryattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences,andtheShanghaiMunicipalLibrary,allinthePeople'sRepublicofChinaHarvardUniversity'sFairbankCenterforEastAsianResearchLibrary,YenchingLibrary,andWidnerLibrarytheModernHistoryInstituteLibraryattheAcademiaSinicaandtheNationalistPartyArchivesatYangmingshaninTaiwanandtheRussianCentreforthePreservationandStudyofRecordsofModernHistoryinMoscowIwouldalsoliketoexpressmygratitudetothosewhohelpedmewiththewritingofmydoctoraldissertation,onwhichthispresentworkispartiallybasedProfessorsAllynRickettandSusanNaquinunstintinglygavemetheirtime,attention,andvaluableadviceToDingShouoftheChineseAcademyofSocialSciencesinBeijing,Ioweaspecialdebtforhisgeneroussharingofideas,insights,andadviceonsourcesThemostenjoyablepartofresearchingandwritingthisbookwasthetimeIspenttalkingwithelderlyChinesewomenandtheirfamiliesabouttheirpoliticalexperiencesinthesIamverygratefulfortheirvaluableinputandsupportAsmostoftheinterviewsoccurredintheearlys,whenlittleregardwaspaidtowomen'sroleintherevolution,weweredrawntogetherbythecommongoalofdrawingattentiontoahistoricalmomentthathadlargelybeenforgottenAnumberofpeoplecontributedinsignificantwaystothistextduringitsfinalstagesofpreparationSheilaLevine,LauraDriussi,andScottNortonoftheUniversityofCaliforniaPressmadetheentireprocessofpublishingthisworkahumaneexperienceFreelanceeditorsCarlottaShearsonandAnneCanrightofferedfinesuggestionstoimprovethereadabilityofthisworkManythanksgoaswelltoHeXiuwen,wholaboredtirelesslytoproducethreefinemaps,ZhangShaoqing,whochurnedoutacomputerizedrenditionofmyglossaryinrecordtime,andZhangJiaxuan,whoseelegantcalligraphyadornsthecoverofthisbookFinallyIowethegreatestpersonaldebttomyinnercircleoffriendsandtomyfamilyPeter,Benjamin,andBethwhoprovidedtremendousencouragementandsupportfrombeginningtoendofthisproject<previouspagepagexiinextpage>Ifyoulikethisbook,buyit!file:E|外文著作产生中国革命:年代的激进妇女、共产党政治与群众运动filespagexiihtml::pagexiii<previouspagepagexiiinextpage>PagexiiiNOTEONROMANIZATIONThesystemofromanizationemployedinthisbookispinyin,whichhasgraduallygainedinternationalacceptancesincetheChinesegovernment'sdecisionintoadoptitinitsforeignpublicationsandtherebyencourageitsuseasthestandardromanizationsystemInmostWesternworksonmodernChinesehistory,ithasreplacedthemorecumbersomeWadeGilessystemTheWadeGilesspellingofMaoTsetungisrenderedasMaoZedonginpinyin,andPeking,Canton,andtheYangtzeRiverbecomeBeijing,Guangzhou,andYangziInthisbook,however,inthecaseoftheverywellacceptednamesofSunYatsen,ChiangKaishek,andSoongQingling,exceptionstothepinyinsystemhavebeenallowedinrecognitionoftheirgeneralfamiliarityintheWest(MostWesternworksthatputSunYatsen'snameintostandardMandarinpinyinusehisrevolutionarynomdeguerre,SunZhongshan,ratherthantheproperpinyinforSunYatsen,whichisSunYixian)Theothernotableexceptioninthisbooktotheemploymentofpinyinisinthenotesandbibliography,wheretheauthors'namesarepresentedascitedThus,XieBingyingisrenderedasHsiehPingying,andChenHanshengasChenHanseng<previouspagepagexiiinextpage>Ifyoulikethisbook,buyit!file:E|外文著作产生中国革命:年代的激进妇女、共产党政治与群众运动filespagexiiihtml::page<previouspagepagenextpage>PageINTRODUCTIONThisbookbeganinBeijingintheautumnofwithasetoflengthydiscussionswithWangYizhi,aretiredprincipalofNoMiddleSchoolandaveteranwomanCommunistItwasmygoodfortunetohavebeenrecommendedtoherbyCarmaHinton,oneofherformerstudents,andbeforelongIfoundmyselfinterviewingheraboutthestoryofherlifeManytimesoverthenexttwoyearsIrodemybikeupthatlongdustyroadpastZhongguancunandBeida(BeijingUniversity)toWangYizhi'smodesthomeattheedgeofasmallpondontheramblingcampusofNoMiddleSchoolandlistenedtoherreminiscingaboutherexperiencesofgrowingupfemaleinChinaandbecomingarevolutionaryWangYizhiultimatelyentrustedmewithmuchmorethanherautobiographysheopenedupawholenewchapterinChinesewomen'shistoryMostintriguingwereherreflectionsonthefirstphaseoftheChineseCommunistmovement(),whichtookmefarfromthebeatentrackofChineseCommunistpartyhistoryIhadtraveledingraduateschoolIfoundmyselfinamazeofunchartedavenuesandalleywayspeopledwithahostofunfamiliarwomenandlinedwithamultitudeofvitalrevolutionaryorganizationsforpoliticizingwomen,suchastheShanghaiPingminGirls'School,theWomen'sRightsLeague,ShanghaiUniversity,theWomen'sMovementTrainingInstitute,andthewomen'sclassoftheWuhanCentralMilitaryandPoliticalInstituteTheworldofwomenCommunistsseemedintrinsicallyappealingasaresearchproject,butatfirstIdoubtedthatsufficientwrittendoc<previouspagepagenextpage>Ifyoulikethisbook,buyit!file:E|外文著作产生中国革命:年代的激进妇女、共产党政治与群众运动filespagehtml::page<previouspagepagenextpage>PageumentationexistedtowarrantsuchanundertakingFortuitously,thedramaticchangeinresearchconditionsforWesternersintheearlysincludedtheopeningofChineselibrariesandarchivesAtthesametime,ChineseresearchersproducedamassiveoutpouringofscholarlyanddocumentarypublicationsabouttheChineseCommunistparty,includinganimpressivecollectionofworksonCommunistwomenputoutbyaspecialresearchteamoftheAllChinaWomen'sFederationFromthesematerialsIwasabletodrawaroadmaptotheuntappedresourcesscatteredthroughChinaonwomenandtheCommunistpartyinthesConvincedthattheprojectwasviable,IbeganfullscaleresearchintheautumnofFocusingmyattentionexclusivelyonwomenrevolutionariesseemedeminentlyfittingatfirstMakingwomenvisibleandrestoringthemtohistorywasamajorendeavorofwomen'sstudieswhenIinitiatedthisprojectOnceIbecamefullyimmersedintherelevantperiodicalanddocumentaryliterature,however,thelimitationsofthisapproachforthisstudybecameevidentInordertocomprehendfullywomen'srolesintheformationoftheChineseCommunistpartyandinthemassmobilizationcampaignsoftheNationalRevolution,IneededtounderstandthewaysinwhichtheworldofCommunistwomenofthesintersectedwithandincrucialwayswascreatedbytheworldofCommunistmenThus,theuseoftheword''gender''inthetitleofthisbookisnotmeantasasynonymfor"women"Rather"gender"isinvokedasanessentialanalyticalconceptualframeworkfortheexplorationofrelationsbetweenmenandwomenintheChineseCommunistpartyandinotherrevolutionarymassmobilizationorganizationsofthesItisusedtomapthehierarchyofthenewlycreatedCommunistpolity,thedimensionsofpower,theboundariesinrevolutionaryorganizations,competingnotionsoftheproperplaceofwomeninpublicandprivatelife,andthemultiplemeaningsassociatedwithmasculinityandfemininityExaminingtheexperiencesofwomenintheearlyChineseCommunistrevolutionarymovementthroughthelensofgenderdoesnotmerelyaugmentourunderstandingofpartyactivities,asastudyofthepeasantmobilizationcampaignsmightdo,butrather,itforcesashiftinperspectiveInthisbook,incontrasttootherstudiesoftheChineseCommunistparty,thedeliberations,decisions,anddirectivesoftheCentralCommitteeandpartycongressesoftenappearlesssignificantthantheideological,cultural,andsocialfacetsofpartylifeandprogramsTothefirstgenerationofCommunists,changingwhatthey<previouspagepagenextpage>Ifyoulikethisbook,buyit!file:E|外文著作产生中国革命:年代的激进妇女、共产党政治与群众运动filespagehtml::page<previouspagepagenextpage>Pageunderstoodas"traditional"or"feudal"cultureandsocietywasinextricablyconnectedwiththetaskofpoliticaltransformationThus,manyCommunistsoftheswerejustasconcernedwithreconstitutingtheirsocialrelationshipsinaccordancewithegalitarianprinciplesastheywerewithconstructingapoliticalorganizationDedicatedtothepropositionthat"modern''marriageshadtobebasedonloveandfreechoice,theycreatedapartythatfunctionedatonceasaradicalsubcultureforsocialexperimentationandasarevolutionarypoliticalorganizationThisnewperspectiveontheearlyChineseCommunistpartyandtheculturalpreoccupationsofitsmembersbroadensourunderstandingoftheextenttowhichculturalcontentionwasatthecoreoftherevolutionaryprocessintwentiethcenturyChinaItmakesvisibletheenormousattentiondevotedtogenderissuesintherevolutionarydiscourseandpracticeofthes,issuessuchasmalefemalerelations,marriage,women'spolitical,social,andlegalstatus,thenatureofthefamily,andwomen'srolesinthepublicdomainInsodoing,itshowsthattheseissuesoftenprovedmuchmorecontentiousatagrassrootslevelthanmattersrelatedtopoliticalruleandthenatureofthestateExaminingthepartybuildingandrevolutionaryactionsoftheChineseCommunistpartyinthesthroughthelensofgenderalsosuggestsnewwaystothinkaboutimportanthistoricaleventsandtheirmeaningsinChinaduringthecourseofthiscenturyThroughitsexaminationoftheChineseCommunistparty'sgenderrelations,women'sprogram,androleinthelargescalemobilizationofwomenintheNationalRevolution,thisbookmakesvisibleoneaspectofthedramatictransformationofthepoliticalorderthatoccurredinChinaduringthesItarguesthatthesinChinawasnotjust"adecadeofchallenge,"toborrowthescholarTengSsuyü'sphrase,butaperiodofpeakinfluenceoffeminismonCommunistandNationalistrevolutionaries,andaseminalperiodinsettingcriticalfeaturesoftherelationshipofwomentotheChineseCommunistpartyThisstudyseekstointegratewhathaveuptonowremainedmoreorlessdisparatescholarlyendeavorsChinesemodernpoliticalhistoryandgenderstudiesDespitethepioneeringworkofwomenscholars,WesternspecialistswritingontheChineseCommunistrevolution()havethusfargivenlittleconsiderationtogenderissuesManypioneeringandinnovativeworksontheChineseCommunistmovementpublishedinthelastdecadehaveoverlookedthe<previouspagepagenextpage>Ifyoulikethisbook,buyit!file:E|外文著作产生中国革命:年代的激进妇女、共产党政治与群众运动filespagehtml::page<previouspagepagenextpage>PagewaysinwhichgenderfiguresintorevolutionarydiscourseandpracticeThisbookdoesnotpurporttopresentacomprehensivehistoryoftheChineseCommunistpartyinthes,butitdoesatleastbegintoplacethechallengeofengenderingtheChineseCommunistrevolutiononthescholarlyagendaWhenIbeganmywork,thedominantconceptualframeworkemployedbyhistoriansforexaminingwomen'srolesandthearticulationofwomen'sissuesinCommunistrevolutionarymovementswastheincompatibilityofMarxismandfeminismThistheoreticalapproachexertedadiscernibleinfluenceonthepioneeringscholarlyarticlesandbookspublishedintheChinafieldinthesconcerningtheCommunisttreatmentofgenderissuesinthesGiventhewelldocumentedWesternresearchontheexperiencesofwomeninotherCommunistpartiesandChineseCommunistideologicaltreatmentsofthe"womanquestion"since,itseemedemi

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    2009-03-23 10:19:25

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[美]柯临清:造就中国革命:二十世纪二十年代的激进妇女、共产政治与群众运动(加州大学 1995)

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