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首页 [瑞典]毕汉思;中国与世界交往和贸易,589—1276(布里尔 2005)

[瑞典]毕汉思;中国与世界交往和贸易,589—1276(布里尔 2005)

[瑞典]毕汉思;中国与世界交往和贸易,589—1276(布里尔…

Stlnz
2008-10-12 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《[瑞典]毕汉思;中国与世界交往和贸易,589—1276(布里尔 2005)pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

DIPLOMACYANDTRADEINTHECHINESEWORLDHANDBOOKOFORIENTALSTUDIESHANDBUCHDERORIENTALISTIKSECTIONFOURCHINAeditedbySFTEISERMKERNVOLUMEEIGHTEENDIPLOMACYANDTRADEINTHECHINESEWORLDDIPLOMACYANDTRADEINTHECHINESEWORLDBYHANSBIELENSTEINBRILLLEIDEN•BOSTONThisbookisprintedonacidfreepaperLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataBielenstein,HansDiplomacyandtradeintheChineseworld,HansBielensteinpcm(HandbuchderOrientalistik,ISSN=HandbookofOrientalstudies,Section,China)IncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexISBN(alkpaper)ChinaCommerceHistoryChinaForeignrelationsToChinaHistorySuidynasty,ChinaHistoryTangdynasty,ChinaHistorySongdynasty,ITitleIIHandbuchderOrientalistikVierteAbteilung,ChinaHFB''dcISSNISBN©CopyrightbyKoninklijkeBrillNV,Leiden,TheNetherlandsKoninklijkeBrillNVincorporatestheimprintsBrillAcademicPublishers,MartinusNijhoffPublishersandVSPAllrightsreservedNopartofthispublicationmaybereproduced,translated,storedinaretrievalsystem,ortransmittedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronic,mechanical,photocopying,recordingorotherwise,withoutpriorwrittenpermissionfromthepublisherAuthorizationtophotocopyitemsforinternalorpersonaluseisgrantedbyBrillprovidedthattheappropriatefeesarepaiddirectlytoTheCopyrightClearanceCenter,RosewoodDrive,Suite,DanversMA,USAFeesaresubjecttochangeprintedinthenetherlandsvcontentsCONTENTSListofMapsixTheSourcesIntroductionContinentalSouthAsiaandtheIslandsChiaochihLinyiChampaTomienWuhsün,P’up’o,SanmalanFunanChenlaSengkao,Wuling,Chiacha,ChiumiChanpoorChanp’oLohuChenlifuCh’iht’uToholoT’ouhoChoumeiliuP’oliLoch’a“rivijayaTop’otengK’olingShep’oPoniT’ohuanMoyiKolosheKant’angChunaorShunaTomoch’angP’anp’anTantanP’iaocontentsviP’utuanorP’ukanShihtzuIndiaChulienWuch’aorWuch’angorWutuNachiehNepalTs’engt’anJapanKoreaKoguryoPaekcheLaterPaekcheSillaKoryoTheNortheastTheHsi(insouthernJehol)TheHsi(atShiraMuren)PohaiTinganTheBlackRiverMohoTheShihweiTheWulohunTheSouthwestTibetTheEasternKingdomofWomenFuGreaterYangt’ungSup’iTheKingdomofWomenNanchaoCh’inghaiTheT’uyühunTheTibetansofTsongkhaEastTurkestanTheNorthernSilkRouteTurfanKarashahrKuchaKashgarviicontentsTheSouthernSilkRouteChuchüpoKhotanWestTurkestanFerghanaTashkentSamarkandKabådh§nHoKishM§imarghBukharaWunahoMuTokhariaPolanYataYitaKhuttalChiehShihniKashmirandAfghanistanKashmirHsiliChangch’iupaGilgitKapiáaHsiehyiTheMiddleEastPersiaTheArabsFulinTheTurkicTribesTheEasternTurksTheWesternTurksTheShat’oTheBasmilTheQarluqsTheTurgeshTheLiukueiTheKulikancontentsviiiThePomaTheHsüehyent’oThePayehkuTheT’ungloTheP’ukuTheTupoTheHuhsüehTheApaTheUighursShachouTheKirghizTheTanghsiangHsiaLiaoChinConclusionWeightsandMeasuresQuotedLiteratureSourcesAnalyticalLiteratureIndexixcontentsLISTOFMAPSContinentalSouthAsiaandtheIslandsintheChinesesources,thcenturyContinentalSouthAsiaandtheIslandsintheChinesesources,thcenturyKoreacTheNortheastCh’anganandenvironsTheSouthwestandCh’inghaiTsongkhaEastTurkestanWestAsiaPlacenamesconnectedwiththeTurkicandTanguttribesPlacenamesconnectedwiththeKhitanandJurchencontentsxthesourcesTHESOURCESThechiefsourcesforthecurrentworkarethedynastichistoriesTheywereforthistimecompiledbycommittees,eachpresidedoverbyawellknownscholar,theSuishubyWeiCheng(),thePeishihbyLiYenshou(fl),theChiuT’angshubyLiuHsü(),theHsinT’angshubyOuyangHsiu(),theChiuWutaishihbyHsüehChücheng(),theWutaishihchibyOuyangHsiu,theSungshih,Liaoshih,andChinshihbyT’ot’o(),andtheYüanshihbyWangYi()Thesehistoriesgiveinformationaboutforeignstatesandtribes,theirrulers,andtheirrelationstoChinaandeachotherTheimperialannalshavebrief,welldatedaccountsLaterchaptersdevotedtoforeigncountriesorpeoplesarepoorerindatesbutricherininformationImportanttribesaregivenchaptersoftheirown,lesseronesarelumpedtogetherForinstance,ChiuT’angshuhasindividualchaptersfortheTurks,Uighurs,andTibetans,followedbychaptersontheSouthernBarbarians,WesternBarbarians,EasternBarbarians,andNorthernBarbariansInadditiontothedynastichistories,valuablematerialisavailableelsewhereThereare,firstofall,thetextscalledCollectedMattersofImportance(Huiyao)TheT’anghuiyaoandWutaihuiyaowerebothcompletedbyWangP’u()inTheSunghuiyaowasreconstitutedastheSunghuiyaokaofromtheYunglotatienbyHsüSung()ThentherearetheencyclopaediasTheT’ungtienwascompiledbyTuYu()ItisanimportantsourcebuthasnorelevantinformationbeyondthereignofHsüantsung()TheTs’efuyüankueibyWangCh’injo,YangYiandotherswascompletedinItcoverstheperiodfromSuithroughtheFiveDynasties,anditschapterson“TributeMissions”havenumerouswelldatedentriesTheWenhsienItisapeculiarityoftheHsinT’angshuthattheImperialAnnalsneverrefertoforeignmissionsdirectlyTheentrieswillsaythattheTibetansorTurksrequestedpeaceorsoughtamarriage,whichnaturallyhadtobedonebywayofmissions,butmentionnoenvoysThismusthavebeenaneditorialdecisionbyOuyangHsiuhimselfCompiledbyOuyangHsiualoneItwaslaterreferredtoastheHsinWutaishih,andIquoteitunderthatnamethesourcest’ungk’aobyMaTuanlin(fl)buildsontheT’ungtienandhasentriesdowntoItisespeciallyinformativeontheSungFinally,theTzuchiht’ungchienbySsumaKuang()becomesincreasinglyimportantItendswiththeFiveDynasties,andthecloserwegettoSsumaKuang’sowntimethemorenewinformationisoffered,allpresentedwiththeauthor’susualadmirableclarityLiT’ao()wroteacontinuationofSsumaKuang’swork,calledtheHsüTzuchiht’ungchiench’angpienItcoverstheperiodandhasusefulinformationnotfoundelsewhereThereare,ofcourse,sourcesavailableinlanguagesotherthanChinese,suchasArabic,Korean,Japanese,andperhapsTibetan,buttheChinesearebyfartherichestIhadtorestrictmyworktoamaneagableproportion,andthereforebaseitontheChinesecorpusofinformationInHantimes,foreignmissionstoChinahadbeenrelativelyrareandthedynastichistorianshadeveryreasontorecordthemwithprideDuringtheSixDynasties,missionsincreasedinnumberButthesedynastieswerebrief,andtheirarchivalrecordsconsequentlylimitedThedynastichistorianshadtroublefillingtheirworks,whichcanbeseenfromthefactthattheypaddedthemwithlengthyandunnecessaryquotationsfromegmemorialsTheyhadnoneedtosavespaceUndertheT’ang,andSung,thesituationchangedArchivalmaterialsbecamesoabundantthatthecompilershadtobecarefultokeeptheirdynastichis

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