加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 [美]齐邦媛 王德威:二十世纪下半叶的中国文学:一个批评的概述(印第安那大学 2000)

[美]齐邦媛 王德威:二十世纪下半叶的中国文学:一个批评的概述(印第安那大学 2000)

[美]齐邦媛 王德威:二十世纪下半叶的中国文学:一个批评的概述…

Stlnz
2008-10-12 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《[美]齐邦媛 王德威:二十世纪下半叶的中国文学:一个批评的概述(印第安那大学 2000)pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

CHINESELITERATUREINDIANAUNIVERSITYPRESS•BLOOMINGTONANDINDIANAPOLISINTHESECONDHALFOFAMODERNCENTURYACRITICALSURVEYEditedbyPANGYUANCHIandDAVIDDERWEIWANGWilliamTay’s“Colonialism,theColdWarEra,andMarginalSpace:TheExistentialConditionofFiveDecadesofHongKongLiterature,”LiTuo’s“ResistancetoModernity:ReflectionsonMainlandChineseLiteraryCriticisminthes,”andMichelleYeh’s“DeathofthePoet:PoetryandSocietyinContemporaryChinaandTaiwan”firstappearedinthespecialissue“ContemporaryChineseLiterature:CrossingtheBoundaries”(editedbyYvonneChang)ofLiteratureEastandWest()JeffreyKinkley’s“ABibliographicSurveyofPublicationsonChineseLiteratureinTranslationfromto”firstappearedinChoice(AprilcopyrightbytheAmericanLibraryAssociation)AlloftheessayshavebeenrevisedforthisvolumeThisbookisapublicationofIndianaUniversityPressNorthMortonStreetBloomington,INUSAhttp:wwwindianaedu~iupressTelephoneordersFaxordersOrdersbyemailiuporderindianaedu©byDavidDWWangAllrightsreservedNopartofthisbookmaybereproducedorutilizedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronicormechanical,includingphotocopyingandrecording,orbyanyinformationstorageandretrievalsystem,withoutpermissioninwritingfromthepublisherTheAssociationofAmericanUniversityPresses’ResolutiononPermissionsconstitutestheonlyexceptiontothisprohibitionThepaperusedinthispublicationmeetstheminimumrequirementsofAmericanNationalStandardforInformationSciencesPermanenceofPaperforPrintedLibraryMaterials,ANSIZManufacturedintheUnitedStatesofAmericaLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataChineseliteratureinthesecondhalfofamoderncentury:acriticalsurveyeditedbyPangyuanChiandDavidDerweiWangpcmIncludesindexISBN(alkpaper)ChineseliteraturethcenturyHistoryandcriticismICh’i,PangyüanIIWang,Tewei,DavidPLC’dcPrefacebyPangyuanChiixAcknowledgmentsxiEditors’NotexiiIntroductionbyDavidDerweiWangxiiiFAREWELLTOTHEGODSContemporaryChineseLiteraryTheory’sFindesiècleStruggleZaifuLiuTAIWANLITERATURE,–PangyuanChiCOLONIALISM,THECOLDWARERA,ANDMARGINALSPACETheExistentialConditionofFiveDecadesofHongKongLiteratureWilliamTayREINVENTINGNATIONALHISTORYCommunistandAntiCommunistFictionoftheMidTwentiethCenturyDavidDerweiWangTHESCHOOLANDTHEHOSPITALOntheLogicsofSocialistRealismSuWeiMODERNISMANDITSDISCONTENTSTaiwanLiteratureinthesKoCh’ingmingBEYOND“NATIVISTREALISM”TaiwanFictioninthesandsYangChaoCONTENTSvi|CONTENTSSEARCHINGFORROOTSAnticulturalReturninMainlandChineseLiteratureofthesLiQingxiREMEMBERINGTHECULTURALREVOLUTIONChineseAvantgardeLiteratureofthesWuLiangRESISTANCETOMODERNITYReflectionsonMainlandChineseLiteraryCriticisminthesLiTuoFEMINISMANDFEMALETAIWANWRITERSChungLingBREAKINGOPENChineseWomen’sWritingintheLatesandsJingyuanZhangTHECULTURALIMAGINARYOFACITYReadingHongKongThroughXiXiStephenCKChanANSWERINGTHEQUESTIONWhatIsChinesePostmodernismPostMaoDengismXiaobinYangDEATHOFTHEPOETPoetryandSocietyinContemporaryChinaandTaiwanMichelleYehCONTENTS|viiAPPENDIXABibliographicSurveyofPublicationsonChineseLiteratureinTranslationfromtoJeffreyCKinkleyContributorsIndexPREFACEPANGYUANCHIInthelastweekofDecember,morethanthreehundredpeoplegatheredinTaipeiforanunprecedentedconferenceonmodernChineseliteratureTheweatherwascold,butheartswerewarmandexpectationswerehighTheeventwasunusualbecauseofitsambitiousrangeoftopicsanditsparticipantsitdrewnotonlywritersandscholarsfromHongKong,theUnitedStates,andEurope,butalsoalargegroupfrommainlandChinaAmeetinglikethiswouldhavebeenbeyondanyone’swildestexpectationsinthefortyyearsafterthe“greatdivide,”theyear,inwhichtheChineseCommunistsseizedtheChinesemainlandandtheNationalistgovernmentmoveditsbasetoTaiwanAnabruptandtotalseveranceofalltiesacrosstheTaiwanStraitswasfollowedbydecadesofpoliticalantagonismandgreatturmoilonthemainland,thoughTaiwanexperiencedaverydifferentdevelopmentItstwomillionpeople,whoweremainlycivilservantsandsoldiers,wereallowednocontactevenwithfamilymembersforalmostfourdecadesItwasnotuntilaftertheconclusionoftheCulturalRevolutioninlate,thentheliftingofmartiallawinTaiwanin,thatthefirstsignsofathawinmainlandChinaappeared,reflectedinitsliteratureAfterthesetwomajorevents,communicationswerereopenedwiththeChinesemainland,andcrossStraitsfamilyreunionswereallowedStartingfromthistime,ChinesewritersbegantobroadentheirscopeofliterarychallengesOverseastravelbecamemorefrequentoldtotemsandtaboosthatformerlydominatedthetwosidesbegantobereexamined,andveryoftenwerejettisonedLiterarycreationbecameinvigoratedbyanewvitalityanddiversityThisvolumeisinspiredbythespiritoftheconferenceHalfofthesixteenessaysarederivedfromthepaperspresentedattheconferenceothersweresolicitedespeciallyforthevolumeAllhavebeensubstantiallyrevisedandexpandedtoreflectthebroaderrangeofChineseliterarymutationsfromthelatestothelatesTheseessaysendeavortosumupthecomplexchronologyofthehighlyheterogeneousChineserealitythroughtheliteraryportrayaloflifeonbothsidesoftheStraits,inx|PREFACEHongKong,andamongtheChinesescatteredoverseas,asreflectedintheworksofexpatriatewritersoftentermed“Diasporaliterature”eitherwithorwithoutastrong,tearful“obsessionwithChina”Wehope,asexpressedinoneoftheconference’sopeningspeeches,thatinthecomingcentury,Chineseliteraturewillbewrittenintheqingfengclearbreeze,onjingtublessedland,andwithxiyuedelightACKNOWLEDGMENTSTheeditorswishtothankTheCulturalFoundationofUnitedDailyNewsGroupforitsgenerousfundingofthisvolumeatvariousstagesParticularlywewanttoexpressgratitudetoDrYumingShawandDrChiehmingChenfortheirsupportThanksarealsoduetoMichaelBerry,LettyChen,CarlosRojas,WeijieSong,andXiaojueWangforeditorialassistanceJohnGallman,JaneLyle,andMichaelNelsonofIndianaUniversityPresswereextremelyhelpfulwhenthemanuscriptwasbeingpreparedforpublicationOurfinalthanksgotoallthescholarsandtranslatorswhoenthusiasticallyparticipatedinthisprojectPCPDDWEDITORS’NOTEContributors’nameshavebeenleftintheorderandtransliteration(WadeGilesorpinyin)originallygiven,consistentwiththeauthors’preferencesandthewaytheyareknownintheliterarycommunityThroughoutthiscollection,namesarespelledaccordingtothepinyinsystemInessayswherenameswereoriginallyspelledaccordingtotheWadeGilessystem,thepinyinversion,followedbytheWadeGilesversioninparentheses,isusedatthefirstoccurrenceofthenameThereafter,onlypinyinisusedINTRODUCTIONDAVIDDERWEIWANGThisvolume,apreliminarysurveyofmodernChineseliteratureinthesecondhalfofthetwentiethcentury,hasthreegoals:tointroducefigures,works,movements,anddebatesthathaveconstitutedChineseliteraturefromtotheendofthecenturytodepicttheenunciativeendeavors,rangingfromideologicaltreatisestoavantgardeexperiments,thathaveinformedthediscourseofChineseculturalpoliticsandtoobservethehistoricalfactorsaffectingtheinterplayofChinese(post)modernitiesacrosscommunities:onthemainland,inTaiwan,inHongKong,andoverseasGiventhecomplexdevelopmentofChineseliteratureoverthepasthalfcentury,itisimpossibletopresentanexhaustiveaccountofeitherhistoricaldataortheoreticalissuesTherefore,thiscollectionofessaysintendstomapthescholarlypathsalreadytroddenorreadytobeexplored,andthustoanticipatethescopeofcriticalinquiryintheyearstocomeTheexistingparadigmofChineseliterarystudiestreatstheMayFourthMovementastheharbingerofliterarymodernization,andtheyearoftheChineseCommunistseizureofmainlandChinaasthepointwhenthismodernizationcametoanabruptendChineseliteratureafterissaidtobesoconditionedbypoliticalantagonismandhistoricalturmoilthatitlackstheformalandconceptualrigorithadbeforeSuchascenariotreatstwentiethcenturyliterarydevelopmentastwoseparateanddiscretesegments,aPreEraandaPostEraThisisanillinformednotionAlthoughChineseliteratureafterhassufferedfromnumerouspoliticalinterventions,mostpoignantlyattestedtointheatrocitiesoftheGreatCulturalRevolution,mainlandChinesewritersneverceasedtoproducesignificantworkwhengivenhalfachanceMeanwhile,sincemidcentury,writersinTaiwan,inHongKong,andoverseashavecontributedsomeofthemoststimulatingworksinthecorpusoftwentiethcenturyChineseliteratureOverthepasttwodecades,mainlandChineseliteraturewhichproclaimedthesasyetanother“NewEra”has,atlast,againreceivedcriticaladmirationButathoroughstudyofitscomplexaffiliationswiththeliteratureofthesands,orofevenearlierxiv|INTRODUCTIONperiods,hasyettoappear,andnexttonothinghasbeensaidaboutitsdialogicalrelationswithliteratureproducedinotherChineseregions,suchasHongKongandTaiwanAfterthegreatdivideof,Chinafellintoseparateliterary,political,andhistoricalentities,eachrecitingitsownselfnarrativeandpursuingitsownideaof(post)modernityThewaytheseliteraryentitieshaveilluminated,supplemented,subverted,andevendeniedeachother’sconceptualexistenceconstitutesoneoftheuntoldstoriesofthemodernChineseageItisaparadoxthatChinesecriticscanpursuea“politicsofmarginality”anda“poeticsofhybridity,”orseek“globalcontextualization”with“localarticulation,”whileblindlymarginalizingallformsofChinesemodernitythathavenotemergedwithinsomepreconceivedmainstream,andresolutelyrefusingtoarticulatethelocalcontextsofmodernChinesecreativityNowthattheageof“post”ismspostmodernism,postcolonialism,postMaoism,post–martiallawism,etcseemstobecomingtoanend,wecanproposethatonefinal“post”ism,arguablythemostchallengingone,shouldnotbeoverlooked,namelytheclusterofpostmutationsofChinaThesemutationsoccurrednotinsome“center,”andequallynotinsomesoontobecentered“margin,”butin“China”asvariouslyexperiencedbyChineseHencethisvolumecollectsfifteenessayscontributedbyscholarsfrommainlandChina,Taiwan,HongKong,andoverseas,reflectingthefactthatsinceChineseliteraturehashadfarmorevitalityanddiversitythanisadmittedintheusualmonologicalaccountsAlthoughendlesslyharassedbypoliticalintervention,Chineseliteratureinthesefivedecadeshascontinuedtorejuvenateitself,eachtimeendowedwithmoresophisticatedfacultiesofresistanceEvenmoreimportant,thankstothehistoricalfactoffragmentationanddispersal,writershavebeenmadetointerprettheChineseexperienceinwaysthatcouldneverbemarshaledintoastiflingunitySoasthecenturythatonceconsidereditselfsupremelymoderncomestoanend,theChineseliteratureofthefirstfivedecadeshasarguablybeenrivaledorevensurpassedbytheChineseliteratureofthepastfivedecadesTheyear,frequentlycitedasamomentofparadigmaticshiftintwentiethcenturyChineseliterature,witnessedtheChineseCommunisttakeoverofthemainland,followedbytheretreatoftheNationalistgovernmenttoTaiwanandthediasporaofmorethantwomillionChinesepeopletoTaiwan,toHongKong,andoverseasAlongwiththedrasticshiftofgeopoliticscameradicalchangesinthegeopoeticconfigurationofChineseliterature,signalingthearrivalofaneweraChineseCommunistliteraturewassanctionedwiththefoundingofthePeople’sRepublicin,butitsrootscanbetracedasfarbackastheINTRODUCTION|xvrevolutionarypoeticsofthepost–MayFourthdaysThisrevolutionarypoeticsincludestheconvictionoftheimmediatelinkbetweenfictionalrhetoricandnationalpolicy,aPrometheansymbolismofrebellionandsacrifice,an“obsessionwithChina,”andanapocalypticvisionofnationalrejuvenationthroughrevolutionWritingbecomesthetextualmanifestationoftherevolutionthroughwhichsocialandpoliticalevilscanbeexposed,newandprogressivethoughtscanbepropagated,andabrightfutureforanewChinacanbemappedoutRealism,beitlabeledcritical,revolutionary,romantic,orsocialist,isthemajorformatofthisdiscourse,notmerelybecauseofitsmimeticpresuppositionbutalsobecauseofitsadherencetoarationalistagendaandtototaltruthclaimsMaoZedong’sYan’antalksandtheliteraturethatemergedintheirwakeshouldberegardedasaradicaloutcomeofthisrevolutionarypoeticsThetalksbroughtoutitsauthoritarianpotential,confirmingthemystical“powerofanincalculablemagnitude”ofliteraturewhileinsistingthatthispowercouldnotbefullyplayedoutunlessithadbeendisciplinedAtitsmostutopianlevel,Communistliteratureissaidtobeabletobridgethegapbetweentheelitewritersandtheilliterateaudience,the“literary”subjectandthe“everyday”event,individualtalentsanddogmatictradition,deplorablepastandirresistiblefutureWritingandrevolution,inkandblood,aremixedtoproduceamostpowerfulliteraryagencyThefactis,however,thatmarkedthebeginningofarapiddegradationofChineseliteratureinbothvitalityandvarietyWhatfollowedisabynowalltoofamiliarsequenceofpurgesandcampaigns:therectificationmovement,theHuFengincident,theDingLingandChenQixiaincident,the“HundredFlowers”movement,the“AntiRightist”campaign,the“writingincelebrationofthefirstthirteenyearsoftheRepublic”movement,andthe“GreatCulturalRevolution”NumerousaccountshavebeenwrittenaboutthecausesandeffectsoftheseeventsandthedisastrouspenaltiesthatwritershadtopayforexercisingtheirvocationsYetonequestionremainstobeasked:Ifcensorship,incarceration,andevenexecutionhadneverkeptwritersfromchurningoutprovocativeworksbefore,howcouldasuccessfulrevolutionturnwritingintoanimpossiblemissionafterBeyondtheextratextualinterferences,rangingfromMao’shegemonicruletothepowerstruggleamongideologues,lieunexploredfactorsthatarosefromwithinliteratureasaculturalinstitutionIcallattentionheretotheimplosionoftherevolutionarypoetics,which,asmentionedabove,wasderivedfromtheearlyMayFourtheraandevolvedintotherationaleofChineseCommunistliteratureIfrevolutionarypoeticsforeseesanapocalypticmomentinwhichthefinaltruthofhistoryisatlastrevealed,revolutionarywritingformodernxvi|INTRODUCTIONChinesewritersintheMayFourthandpost–MayFourtherasmeansyearningforthatimminentrevelatorymomentWritingisatonewiththestateofanticipation,immediateknowledgeofahigherknowledgethatistocomeParadoxically,MayFourthwritingisalsoatonewithastateofprocrastination,sincehavingforetoldthefuturerevolution,italsoinscribestheprolongedstayofaconfusedChinese“present”thatshouldhavelongagorecededintothepastHoweverpopular,post–MayFourthworksbymasterssuchasLuXunorMaoDunentailedthisnegativedialecticthemoreawriterwrote,themoreheorshearticulatedhisorherincapacitytoreachtheidealstateofrationalityaccessibleonlythroughrevolutionWritingintheprerevolutiondaysthuscanbestbedefinedasanactofselfdenialadesperatenamingofwhatrealityisnotWritersafterweretoldthattheycouldfinallyinhabitthenewdiscoursethatallearlierwritingshadpromisedtoexecutebutfailedtoachieveThisnewdiscourse,however,turnedouttoimposeadoublebindOntheonehand,itinformedthewritersthattherevolutionhadsucceededthusconditionsfortheexistenceofprerevolutionaryliteraturehaddisappearedIfthefervorofmodernitywasformerlyoccasionedbysocialandpoliticalinjustice,indignationhadbecomeredundantinthenewsociety,exceptforrecallingthebadolddaysandreaffirmingthehappystatusquoOntheotherhand,thenewdiscourseinformedwritersthattherevolutionwasnotyetcompletesomeclassenemiesremainedtobeoverthrown,andmoreanticapitalistwarsremainedtobefoughtButifwritersresumedthecriticalpositionsofprerevolutionarydays,theywouldonlybepostponingratherthanhasteningthefullnessofrevolutionEitherway,theywereforcedtoadoptrolesdesignedforthembytheParty,whosesuperiorknowledgeofthefuturetheythemselveshadproclaimedTheresultwasahollowingoutoftherationalethatsubstantiatedthemoralcourageandtheoreticalrigorof“literatureforrevolution”beforeWiththisargumentImitigateneitherthePartymachine’scontrolovercreativefreedomnorMao’sownwillinrunningthatmachineRather,IproposeamorecomplexcontextfortheriseofPRCliterarydiscourse,ofwhichMaoismisonlythemostoutrageouscharacteristicWhenthemajorityofestablishedwritersstoppedproducingnewandprovocativeworksinthes,theywereinhibited,Iargue,asmuchbytheinvinciblecoercionimposedbythePartyasbyanaporiaintheirownliterarybeliefsFormost,thedisappearanceanddespairoftheircolleagueswasnotsufficienttoforeshadowtheuniversaldarknessoftheCulturalRevolution,inwhichthosewhobelievedinrevolutionbecamethesubjectsofindignantrevolutionarytalesHundredsofwriterswereservedupatthisLuXun–esquebanquet,acannibalismtheythoughttheyhadabolishedwiththehelpoftheirnowsuperfluouswritingsThechildrenoftheINTRODUCTION|xviiformerlyindignantMayFourthstudentsnowdevouredtheirparents,havingatleastinheritedfromthemtheoriginalmodernistaporiaAccordingly,ifthecasesofDingLingandHuFengandmanyotherliteratiarestillilluminatingtous,itisnotbecausethesewritersprovedtheirintegritybystandingupagainsttheParty,butbecausetheyunwittinglyactedoutthecontradictionsoftherevolutionarypoeticssharedbymodernChineseSoweshouldnotfeeltoosurprisedtoseeDingLingreemergefrompersecutioninthelates,strikinganevermorestubbornpostureindefenseofMaoismMoreintriguingarethecasesofWangMengandLiuBinyanBothhadalreadyspokenoutagainstreigningliterarypolicyinthe“HundredFlowers”movementandpaidanenormouspriceforthisinthenextdecades,andboths

用户评价(1)

  • UC 下载不了了,哪位好心人帮忙重新传一次?

    2008-10-23 14:12:20

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/49

[美]齐邦媛 王德威:二十世纪下半叶的中国文学:一个批评的概述(印第安那大学 2000)

仅供在线阅读

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利