加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 [中]朱剑飞 空间策略:帝都北京,1420—1911 (鲁特兰吉 2004)

[中]朱剑飞 空间策略:帝都北京,1420—1911 (鲁特兰吉 2004)

[中]朱剑飞 空间策略:帝都北京,1420—1911 (鲁特兰…

Stlnz
2008-09-20 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《[中]朱剑飞 空间策略:帝都北京,1420—1911 (鲁特兰吉 2004)pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

CHINESESPATIALSTRATEGIESHowwasBeijingconceived,designedandconstructed,asapoliticalarchitectureHowdidtheChinesedesignaspace,atthescaleofabuilding,acityandalargecivilengineeringprojectWeretheconstructionsoftheGreatWall,theGrandCanal,thecityofBeijingandtheimperialpalaceinterrelatedDoesthatrevealalayoutofpowerrelations,aformalisticaestheticoranexistentialworldviewByexaminingthebuildingsofImperialBeijing(–)thisbookseekstoanswerthesequestions,andexploreagenericapproachtospatialdispositionintheChinesetraditionChineseSpatialStrategiesconsidersspatialdesignonmanylevelsandindifferentaspectsincluding:•thedesignofageopoliticalmapofChinainAsia•thelayoutofthecityasarepresentationofimperialideology•thecityasasocialrealmofinterrelationsbetweenthecentralauthorityandlocalurbansociety•theForbiddenCityasanapparatusofpower•animperialreligioussystemacrossthecity•acomparisonwithEuropeanapproachtostatepowerandtovisualaestheticcompositionsDrawinguponrecentworkinsocialtheory,theauthorprovidesaspatialandpoliticalanalysisoftheForbiddenCity,andarealistic,analyticalandcriticalaccountofImperialBeijingThisbooktranscendstheconventionofformaldescriptionsofChinesebuildingsandcities,andwillappealtoallthosewithaninterestinChinesearchitectureinabroadperspectiveJianfeiZhuteachesArchitectureintheFacultyofArchitecture,BuildingandPlanningattheUniversityofMelbourneCHINESESPATIALSTRATEGIESImperialBeijing–JianfeiZhuFirstpublishedbyRoutledgeCurzonNewFetterLane,LondonECPEESimultaneouslypublishedintheUSAandCanadaByRoutledgeCurzonWestthStreet,NewYork,NYRoutledgeCurzonisanimprintoftheTaylorFrancisGroup©JianfeiZhuAllrightsreservedNopartofthisbookmaybereprintedorreproducedorutilizedinanyformorbyanyelectronic,mechanicalorothermeans,nowknownorhereafterinvented,includingphotocopyingandrecording,orinanyinformationstorageorretrievalsystem,withoutpermissioninwritingfromthepublishersBritishLibraryCataloguinginPublicationDataAcataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishlibraryLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataZhu,Jianfei,–Chinesespatialstrategies:imperialBeijing,–JianfeiZhupcmIncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexArchitecture–China–Beijing–MingQingdynasties,–Space(Architecture)–China–BeijingArchitectureandstate–China–BeijingArchitectureandreligionCityplanning–China–BeijingForbiddenCity(Beijing,China)Beijing(China)–Buildings,structures,etcITitleNAPZ��–dcISBN–––ThiseditionpublishedintheTaylorFranciseLibrary,ISBNMasterebookISBNISBN(AdobeeReaderFormat)(PrintEdition)FORMYPARENTS,ANDHONGANDSHIYAOCONTENTSListoffiguresixAcknowledgementsxiiiIntroduction:BeijingasacriticalproblemInsearchofaChinesespaceOutlineoftheresearchandtheargumentAnoteonmethodPARTIAsocialgeographyAgeopoliticalprojectCityplanasideologyAclassicaltraditionNeoConfucianismSocialspaceofthecityAcityofcitiesSpaceofthestateSpaceofsocietySocietyversusthestateConcludingnotestoPartI:ArchitectureofthecityandthelandviiPARTIIApoliticalarchitectureAseaofwalls:thePurpleForbiddenPalaceThePalaceCityThepalace:framingapoliticallandscapeTheinnercourtasacorporealspaceTheoutercourtasaninstitutionalspaceAcompositionofforcesThepalace:abattlefieldFlowsofreportsanddirectivesDefenceRecurringcrisesConstructsofauthorityLegalismandTheArtofWarVisàvisthePanopticon:twoagesofreasonConcludingnotestoPartII:ArchitectureasamachineofthestatePartIIIReligiousandaestheticcompositionsAreligiousdiscourseComposingandbuildingthediscoursePerforminganideologyFormalcompositions:visualandexistentialBeijingasascrollVisàvis‘Cartesianperspectivalism’:twowaysofseeingConcludingnotestoPartIII:ArchitectureofhorizonAppendix:dynasties,reignsandemperorsNotesBibliographyIndexCONTENTSviiiFIGURESLocationofprincipalcapitalsinChinesedynastichistoryMingChina’smaritimeexpeditionsbetweenandSectionsoftheGreatWallconstructedafterthesNorthernbordergarrisonsandsectionsoftheGreatWallbuiltafterthesTheGrandCanalreopenedbyPlanofBeijingintheMingandQingdynasties(–)PlanoftheForbiddenCityanditsimmediatesurroundingsAninterpretationoftheKaogongji’splanningtheoryofanimperialcapitalAportraitofEmperorKangxiinhislibrary,byanartistoftheQingdynastyCitywallandcitygateinBeijingTwolevelsofspaceandtheirsocialfunctionsinBeijingAstructureofthecitywallsofBeijing:adevelopmentofhierarchicaldepthOpenurbanspaceofBeijingAnetworkofopenurbanspaceofBeijing:CapitalCityandOuterCityAnetworkofopenurbanspaceofBeijing:ImperialCityApolarizingtendencyamongthecitiesofBeijing:‘free’versus‘controlled’spaceThepercentmostintegratedlines,forminganintegrationcore,intheImperialCityThepercentmostintegratedlines,forminganintegrationcore,intheCapitalCityThepercentmostintegratedlines,forminganintegrationcore,intheOuterCityThebodyofthestate:locationofimperialpalaces,stateministries,prefectureofficesandcountryofficesandtheassociatedfunctionsinBeijingoftheQingdynastyThewarmachineofthestate:adispositionofsecurityandmilitaryforcesinBeijinginthemidQingdynasty(lateseventeenthandearlyeighteenthcenturies)ixTwoareasoftheCapitalCityofBeijingin:covering(a)Andingmenand(b)DongzimenAspectacleofstate:asceneoftheemperorwithhisentourageenteringBeijingfromhistourtosouthernChinaNodesofacivicsocialspace:adistributionofmajortemple,fairandpilgrimsites,andtheareasofguildhalls,theatresandtheatrerestaurantsinBeijinginthenineteenthcenturyAkeynodeofacivicsocialspace:LongfusitemplewithitsurbansurroundingsinAspectacleofacivicsociety:scenesofafestivalatanintersectingnodeSectionofascrollpaintingQingmingShanghetu(UpalongariveratQingmingfestival)byChenMeiandothers,Aspectacleofacivicsociety:scenesofamarketfairinthesuburbSectionofascrollpaintingQingmingShanghetu(UpalongariveratQingmingfestival)byChenMeiandothers,TheForbiddenCityviewedfromaboveApassageintheForbiddenCityAmapoftheForbiddenCity(–)A‘courtyardboundary’mapoftheForbiddenCity(–)AcourtyardboundarymapoftheForbiddenCity(–),withtheuspacemarkedinblackA‘cellmap’oftheForbiddenCity(–),withtheuspacemarkedDepthvaluesofallspacesfromthestandpointofthefourgates,markedonthecellmapAdiagonalprogressionofdepth,towardsthenorthwest,intheForbiddenCityThesouthtonorthroute,anddepthvaluesofallspacesfromthesoutherngate,onthecellmapoftheForbiddenCityThesoutheastdiagonalroute,anddepthvaluesofallspacesfromthesoutheasterngates,onthecellmapoftheForbiddenCityThepercentmostintegratedandpercentmostsegregatedspacesintheForbiddenCityKeyspacesmarkedonthecourtyardboundarymapKeyspacesmarkedonthecellmapResidenceofthecourtladiesinrelationtothatoftheemperor:onthecourtyardboundarymapResidenceofthecourtladiesinrelationtothatoftheemperor:onthecellmapAschematicplanofthePalaceofMentalCultivation(yangxindian):the‘real’residencefortheemperorFIGURESxAviewintothefrontgateofthePalaceofMentalCultivationEasternsideroominthePalaceofMentalCultivationwhereEmpressDowagerheld‘audiencebehindthecurtain’(chuiliantingzheng)fromDeploymentofeunuchsinthecentralareaoftheinnercourt:onthecourtyardboundarymapDeploymentofeunuchsinsidethetworesidentialcompoundsfortheemperor:onthecourtyardboundarymapDeploymentofeunuchsinthecentralareaoftheinnercourt:onthecellmapAlayoutofstateinstitutionsoftheQinginBeijingTwomajorroutesintotheForbiddenCity:thecentralaxialrouteforceremoniesandthesoutheastdiagonalrouteforworkingaudiencesandotherpracticalcommunicationsAconstitutionofthethroneandthestateinMingQingChinaRoutesofanationwidepostalsystemlinkingBeijingtotheprovincesandfrontierregions,asinthelateMingdynasty()AdeploymentofsecurityanddefensiveforcesintheForbiddenCity,intheearlynineteenthcenturyPatrollingroutesatnightinsideandoutsidetheForbiddenCity,intheearlynineteenthcenturyTrajectoryofChengDe’sassassinationattemptintheForbiddenCityinTrajectoryofLinQing’sinvasionintotheForbiddenCityinThepyramidofauthority:asociospatialconstitutionofthethroneandthestateinMingQingChinaInterpretationsofshi:akeyconceptinLegalismandTheArtofWarElevation,sectionandplanofaPenitentiaryPanopticondesignedbyJeremyBenthaminAprisoner,inhiscell,kneelingatprayerbeforethecentralinspectiontowerinapanopticprisoninEuropeintheearlynineteenthcenturySitesof‘celestial’sacrificeand‘terrestrial’ceremonyattendedbytheemperorinpersonintheQingdynastyPrimarypointsofaspatiotemporalframeworkofareligiousinstitutionattheQingcourtThefourfocalsitesof‘terrestrial’ceremonyinsidetheForbiddenCityTheHallofSupremeHarmony(taihedian)viewedfromthesouthFIGURESxiTheMeridianGate(wumen)andtheForbiddenCitybeyondviewedfromthesouthPlanoftheAltarofHeaven,withsitesfor‘celestial’sacrificesPlanoftheCircularAltar,asiteforasupreme‘celestial’sacrificeAnaerialviewoftheAltarofHeavenfromthesouthAcrosssectionalongthecentralaxisfromTiananmeninthesouthtoShengwumeninthenorthThelastoftwelvescrollpaintingstitledKangxiNanxuntu(EmperorKangxi’stourtotheSouth),byWangHui(–)andothers–AsectionofascrollpaintingtitledQianliJiangshantu(Athousandliofriversandmountains),byWangXimeng(active–)–Anillustrationoftheaidsusedtodrawaperspective,byAlbrechtDürer,DesignofacenotaphforSirIsaacNewton,byEtienneLouisBoullée,ApaintingtitledViewofanIdealCity,byanartistintheSchoolofPierodellaFrancesca,cAnaerialviewofVersailles,builtandextendedfromAnaerialviewfromthenorthontheaxis,overlookingcentralBeijingformedinandextendedinFIGURESxiiACKNOWLEDGEMENTSMyprimarydebtistoBillHillierandJulienneHansonwhosupervisedmyPhDthesisatUniversityCollegeLondonfromwhichthisbookisdevelopedStephanFeuchtwangatLondonSchoolofEconomicsandPoliticalSciencesofferedimportantadviceontheresearchandcriticalcommentsonthethesisThisresearchsincethenwasmuchdevelopedinthelecturesandseminarsIgaveatseveralinstitutionsIbenefitedalotfromtheconversationswithmanyattheseschools:MarkCousinsattheArchitecturalAssociation(London),WuLiangyong,GuoDaiheng,ZhangFuheandZhangJieatTsinghuaUniversity(Beijing),ZouDenong,WangQiheng,ZhangYukunandZhangQiatTianjinUniversity,GuoHusheng,ZhuGuangyaandChenWeiatSoutheastUniversity(Nanjing),WuJiang,ChangQingandPengNuatTongjiUniversity(Shanghai)andrecentlyYungHoChangatPekingUniversity(Beijing),ZhaoChen,WangQunandDingWowoatNanjingUniversity,andLiShiqiaofromNationalUniversityofSingaporeBarrieShelton,RorySpence,StanislausFungandAugustinBerquehavegivenhelpfulcommentswhileIwasvisitingHobart,AdelaideandSydneyAttheUniversityofMelbourne,creditshouldbegiventoRossKing,MilesLewisandKimDoveyfortheinitiallectureandconversationsTheuniversityalsoofferedgenerousgrantsthatsupportedthewritingofthemanuscriptpublishedhereIhavereceivedusefulcommentsandadviceonadraftofthebookfromJohnFriedmann,MichaelDutton,KimDovey,AnthonyKing,ThomasMarkusandtwoanonymousrefereesMaryWallandWangMingxian,theeditorofAAFiles(London)andJianzhushi(Beijing),haveactivelysupportedthepublicationofapartofthisresearch,whichhasattractedcontinuousresponseandcriticaldebate(especiallyinChina),whichinturnhavehelpedtherevisionofthedraftOngoingdiscussionswithWilliamLim,YungHoChangandChuJoeHsiahavehelpeddevelopacontemporaryviewpointabouttheresearchFortheillustrationspublishedinthisbook,IhavereceivedgreathelpfromAmyChanandAndrewMartelSeanDoylehasofferedprofessionaladviceontheproductionoftheillustrationsMysincerethankstothemallThewritingofthisbookisalsoalifeexperience,alongjourney,fromLondontoMelbourne,viasomanyotherplacesMygreatestthanksaretoHongforconstantandenduringsupport,andtoShiyaoforunderstandingandforrevealinganewlifegrowingupalongthejourneyxiiiCreditsPartsofChapter,andwerefirstpublishedinmy‘ACelestialBattlefield:TheForbiddenCityandBeijinginLateImperialChina’,AAfiles,London,no,Autumn,pp–©ArchitecturalAssociationandtheauthorThisarticlewastranslatedintoChinesebyXinXifangandpublishedinJianzhushi(Architect),Beijing,no,pp–,whichwasreprintedinWenhuaYenjiu:CulturalStudies,Tianjin,no,,pp–IllustrationcreditsFigures,,:CambridgeUniversityPress(fromFrederickWMoteandDenisTwitchett(eds)TheCambridgeHistoryofChina,vol,Part,)Figure:TsinghuaUniversity(fromLinZhu(comp)ZhongguoJianzhushiZiliaoji,,Beijing)Figures,,,,:LiuDunzhen,ZhongguoGudaiJianzhushi,Beijing:ZhongguoJianzhuGongyeChubanshe,Figures,,,:PalaceMuseum,Beijing,People’sRepublicofChinaFigure:OsvaldSiren,TheWallsandGatesofPeking,,intheplatessectionwithnopaginationFigures,:XinyayuanInstitute(comp)QianlongJingchengQuantu,,BeijingFigures,:NationalPalaceMuseum,Taipei,Taiwan,RepublicofChinaFigures,:BeijingChubanshe(fromHouRenzhietal(comp)BeijingLishiDituji,)Figures,:AllenLane,PenguinBooks(YuZhuoyun(comp)PalacesoftheForbiddenCity,)Figure:HaraShoboPress(fromChenChengSiang,AnHistoricalandCulturalAtlasofChina,)Figure:AcademyEditions(fromLaurenceGLiu,ChineseArchitecture,)Figures,:GeorgeBraziller,Inc(fromNelsonIWu,ChineseandIndianArchitecture,)Figure:BibliothéquenationaledeFranceFigure:ArtResourceIncandScalaGroupSpA©PhotoSCALA,Florence,MinisteroBenieAttCulturali,Figure:CaisseNationaledesMonumentsHistoriquesetdesSites(fromSpiroKostof,AHistoryofArchitecture,)Figure:ZijinchengChubanshe,PalaceMuseumPress(fromDijingJiuying:AsDuskFellUpontheImperialCity,)EveryefforthasbeenmadetocontactcopyrightholdersfortheirpermissiontoreprintmaterialinthisbookThepublisherswouldbegratefultohearfromanycopyrightholderwhoisnothereacknowledgedandwillundertaketorectifyanyerrorsoromissionsinfutureeditionsofthisbookACKNOWLEDGEMENTSxivINTRODUCTIONBeijingasacriticalproblemInsearchofaChinesespaceFromtheGreatWalltotheForbiddenCity,fromtheSummerPalaceofBeijingtothegardensofSuzhou:thewondersofChinesearchitectureareknowntomanyintheworldTheyarewellpresentedinpopularliteratureandincreasinglyinacademicstudiesDespiteourincreasingknowledgeaboutthem,however,criticalissuesconcerningspatialdesignintheChinesetraditionremainsnotwellexploredIfthereisindeedauniqueapproachinthistradition,whatisitandhowisitconstituted,insocial,culturalandtheoreticalcontextWhatis,ifany,aChineseapproachtospatialdesignWhatisaChineseapproachtospatialpositioning,ofthingsandhumanbeings,ofobjectsandsubjects,inrelationtoeachotherandinrelationtonatureCurrentscholarshipislimitedtotwolinesofinquiryItiseithertoomuchconcernedwithphysicalstructure,formandlayout,asintheareaofChinesearchitectureandcityplanning,tobeabletoexplorethesequestionsdirectlyandcriticallyOr,insinologyandreligiousstudies,whenanattemptismadetomovebeyondthephysical,thefocusisoftenonsymbolicandspiritualdimensions,onreligiousstructuresandthelayoutofancientcapitalcitiesAssuch,studiesonChinesespacesanddesignapproachesremainmuchconstrained,bytheconcernsofform,physicalityandsymbolicrepresentationTheproblemismultifacetedOntheonehand,thereisalackofsocialrealism,ofacloseattentionpaidtosocialrealityinhistoricalcontextregardingthedesignanduseofspaceandformOntheother,thereisalackofanalyticalpenetration,ofdetailedanddifferentiatedanalysis,onspecificform,space,socialuseandculturaldiscourseFurthermore,thestudyisnotcriticalinaserioussenseThereisnoframingofquestionsinacontemporarymindset,noinquiryofaChineseapproachtospatialdesignasatheoreticalproblem,inaframeofideasandconceptsraisedincontemporarycriticaldiscourseToday,thequestionaboutaChineseapproachtospatialdesignacquiresanewsignificanceInthepasttwodecades,amidsttheforcesofglobalization,Chinahasmanagedtoregenerateitself,andistransformingitselfintoamodern,industrialandmercantilepowerLargebuildingsandstructuresareconstructedincitiesacrossChinaClustersofcitiesarenetworkedintomegacitiesThecentralstate,ontheotherhand,isactivelyleadingtheeconomyandsocietyWhataretheculturalunderpinningsbehindthesedevelopmentsIsthereagenericapproachtospaceandspatialdesignbehindthesedevelopments,rootedinChina’spastanddevelopedthroughitslonghistoryBeijing,thecapitaloflateimperialChina,isperhapsagoodcasetostartsuchanin

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/49

[中]朱剑飞 空间策略:帝都北京,1420—1911 (鲁特兰吉 2004)

仅供在线阅读

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利