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英语一

英语一

上传者: cy5407 2008-09-11 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《英语一doc》,可适用于成人教育领域,主题内容包含TextAFallaciesaboutFood本课主要单词fallacyn谬误谬论错误的推理或信念Thattheearthisflatusedtob符等。

TextAFallaciesaboutFood本课主要单词fallacyn谬误谬论错误的推理或信念Thattheearthisflatusedtobeapopularfallacy(地球是扁平的这一谬误曾一度很流行。)Needlesstosay,thisstatementisbasedonfallacy(不用说这是一个基于谬误推理的陈述。)Whatyouhadseencouldn'tbetrue,itmightbeafallacyoftheeye(你所看到的不可能是真的也许是你的视错觉。)qualityn质量品质特性 adj优质的高级的Heisamanofmanygoodqualities(他具有许多优秀品质。)Thequalityofyourproductsissuperiortothatofours(你们的产品质量比我们的好。)Theypromisedthattheywouldofferthecommunityavarietyofqualityservices(他们承诺为社区提供多项优质服务。)Youhavenoreasontodeprivemeoftherighttoaqualityeducation(你没有理由剥夺我受良好教育的权利。)qualifyv使合适使胜任Iamnotverysureifheisqualifiedforthejob(我不很肯定他是否胜任这份工作。)Hisskillsqualifyhimforthejob(他的技艺使他有资格担任这一工作。)qualifiedadj有资格的称职的Whatareyougoingtodowithallthesepoorlyqualifiedofficers(你会拿这些不称职的军官怎么样呢?)Heistryinghardtomakehimselfaqualifiedteacher(他在努力使自己成为一个称职的教师。)savageadj野蛮的未开化的凶猛的残酷的 n野蛮人粗野的人Mostofthetimeelephantsaretamebuttheycanbeverysavage(大多数时候大象很温顺但他们也会大发野性。)Noonecanputupwithhissavagemanners(谁也忍受不了他的粗暴态度。)Theydon'tknowwhatwillbetherewaitingforthemoncetheygettothesavagewilderness(他们不知道进入蛮荒之后等待他们的会是什么。)Hewasafraidthathewouldencountersomesavagesifhestayedonthatisolatedisland(他担心呆在孤岛上会碰上野蛮人。)triben种族部落(动植物)族类Thisattitudestillremainsinsomeprimitivetribes(这种观念在一些原始部落中依然存在。)Theydidn'tquiteexpectthatthetribeofcatscouldgivethemsomuchtrouble(他们没有料到猫族会给他们带来如此多的麻烦。)braveryn勇敢大胆 braveadj勇敢的 v冒(危险等)敢于做(某事)Beinganurserequiresinfinitepatienceandbravery(做护士需要无限的耐心和勇敢。)Hemadeabraveattempttopreventthegroupfighting(他勇敢地试图阻止群殴。)Theybravedallthedangersanddifficultiesincompletingtheirwork(他们冒着各种危险和困难完成了任务。)eageradj热切的渴望的beeagertodosth渴望做某事beeagerforaboutsth渴求某事eagerbeaver做事异常卖力的人雄心勃勃的人Theeagercrowdstreamedintothehall(急切的人群涌进了大厅。)Sheopenedthetelegramwitheagerfingers(她用手指急不可奈地拆开了电报。)Theteacherfoundallthestudentswereeagertoexpresstheiropinions(老师发现所有的学生都渴望表述自己的观点。)Iameagerfortheperformancetobegin(我热切地等待着演出的开始。)civilizedadj文明的开化的civilizationn文明文化Theiraimistocreateanorderly,justandcivilizedsociety(他们的目标是建立一个有序公正而文明的社会。)ProfessorSmithisgoingtogiveusalectureonthehistoryofWesterncivilization(史密斯教授将给我们做有关西方文明史的讲座。)Chinaisoneofthefourancientcivilizations(中国是四大文明古国之一。)rootn根根本根源 v(使)生根(使)扎根Theediblepartofthisplantisitsroot(这种植物的可食部分是根。)Sheflushedtotherootofherhair(她羞得满脸通红。)Thelustformoneyistherootofallevils(贪财是一切罪恶的根源。)Herloveforthemothercountryisdeeplyrooted(她对祖国的爱坚贞不移。)Hesatthererootedlikeastatue(他像一尊雕塑一样一动不动地坐在那儿。)magicn魔法魔力魔术 magicaladj有魔力的神秘的 magiciann魔术师巫师Theprincewasturnedbymagicintoabeast(王子被魔法变成了一只野兽。)Wearetryingtofindsomeonetodosomemagicattheparty(我们正找人在晚会上玩魔术。)Themagicofmusicisbeyondwords(音乐的魅力无法用言语形容。)Heusedtobelievethattheoldladyhadmagicalpowers(他曾以为那个老太太有魔力。)Noonewouldeverforgetthismagicalexperience(谁也不会忘记这一神秘的经历。)Themagicianwavedhiswandandtherabbitdisappeared(魔术师挥了挥魔杖兔子不见了。)(注意:magic也可以做形容词用词义和magical一样。但是magic通常只能做定语用而magical既可做定语用也可做表语用。)poisonousadj有毒的 poisonnv毒药中毒毒死破坏Becareful!Itisoneofthemostpoisonoussnakesintheworld(小心这是世界上最毒的一种蛇。)Don'teattheleavesofthisplant,theyarepoisonous(别吃这种植物的叶子有毒!)Ifhedrankthepoison,hewouldprobablydie(如果他喝了这毒药他可能会死。)Oneman'shoneyisanotherman'spoison(对甲有利未必对乙也有利。)Hepoisonedhiswife(他毒死了自己的妻子。)Industrialwastesarepoisoningtheatmosphere(工业废料在污染着大气。)Hehadpoisonedthepoliticallifeofthenation(他破坏了这个国家的政治生活。)overseasadv在海外在国外 adj海外的国外的Hesaidhewouldtraveloverseasifhehadalongholiday(他说如果有长假他就去国外旅游。)Thesecompaniesareinvestinglargesumsoverseas(这些公司正向海外进行高额投资。)TheoverseasChinesedonatedmedicineandclothestothefloodedarea(海外华人向受灾地区捐赠药品和服装。)Thereisavastoverseasmarketforourgoods(我们的产品有广阔的海外市场。)widespreadadj分布广的普遍的Therewasawidespreadbeliefthatshecommittedsuicide(人们普遍认为她是自杀的。)Industrialrobotswillbeinwidespreaduse(工业机器人将会广泛使用。)Pollutionproblemisnowattractingwidespreadattention(污染问题正引起广泛关注。)digestiveadj消化的有消化力的digestv消化领会digestionn消化领悟indigestibleadj难理解的难消化的Thedoctortoldhimtheremightbesomethingwrongwithhisdigestivesystem(医生对他说他的消化系统可能有问题。)Itwillbeveryhelpfulforyoutodigesttheimportantpointsinthebook(领会这本书中的要点将会对你很有帮助。)Everydaytheygavetheoldmanfoodthatwaseasyofdigestion(他们每天给老人易于消化的食物。)Thesteakwastoughandindigestible(这牛排太老不易消化。)foundationn根据基金会基地Theearlytraininggaveheraveryfirmfoundation(早期的训练给她打下了坚实的基础。)Infacttherumoriswithoutfoundation(事实上这个谣传没有根据。)ThisconferenceissponsoredbytheNationalFoundationforEducationalResearch(这个会议是由全国教育研究基金会主办的。)Theconstructionworkersarelayingthefoundationsforastorybuilding(建筑工人们正在为一座层的高楼打地基。)beliefn相信信念believev相信认为Itishisbeliefthathewillsucceedsoonerorlater(他相信他迟早会成功。)Whathetoldmejustnowisreallybeyondmybelief(他刚才对我说的话令我难以置信。)Ibelievewewillwinthematch(我相信我们会赢这场比赛。)Believeitornothegotafullmarkintheexam(信不信由你他考试得了满分。)combinationn结合联合化合物combinev结合联合Thecolorpurpleisacombinationofredandblue(紫色是由红蓝两色混合而成。)Thefootballplayersshowedgoodcombination(足球队员们配合默契。)Itwilldousalotofgoodifwecancombinetheorywithpractice(如果把理论和实际结合起来将对我们大有好处。)Heverywellcombinesthecharactersofsoldierandpoet(他把军人和诗人的性格很好地融合在一起。)chieflyadv主要地chiefn首领长官 adj主要的Thisvegetablejuiceismadeupchieflyoftomatoesandcucumbers(这种蔬菜汁主要由西红柿和黄瓜制成。)Iwillhavetogoandtalktoyourdepartmentchiefaboutit(我得和你们部门的头儿好好谈谈。)Ithinkthiswillbecomethechiefconcernoftheworldtoday(我认为这将成为当今世界的首要关心的问题。)theeditorinchief总编     thechiefengineer总工程师chiefexecutive最高行政长官  chiefjustice首席法官chiefofstaff参谋长      chiefofstate国家元首containv包含容纳克制Thisminibuscancontainpassengers(这辆面包车可乘坐人。)Howmuchwatercanthiswatertankcontain(这只水箱能装多少水?)Thisbookcontainsthematerialyouneed(这本书里有你需要的材料。)Hecannotcontainhimselfforthejoy(他高兴得不能自制。)本课主要构词法affixation词缀法名词后缀–ityquality名词后缀–ationioncombination,civilization,foundation,digestion名词后缀–turemixture形容词后缀–ouspoisonous形容词后缀–ibleindigestible形容词后缀–fulhelpful,powerful副词前缀overoverseascompounding合词法复合形容词widespreadmaneating复合名词maneatingcarbohydrate本课简介  本课主要介绍了由古至今人们对饮食的看法。远古时候人们认为吃什么补什么。文明社会的人们则一度认为人参的根鸡蛋西红柿有各自不同的神奇功用。今天人们认为鱼有强身健脑壮骨美肤等作用还认为饮食方面有诸多禁忌。如此种种的说法是否有道理本课课文会给你一个答案。本课主要语言点Manyprimitivepeoplebelievedthatbyeatingananimaltheycouldgetsomeofthegoodqualitiesofthatanimalforthemselves本句中that引导的是一个宾语从句。宾语从句在前几个单元中我们已有了比较多的了解。掌握宾语从句并不困难。请看下面的句子:)Youmustrememberthatitisnevertoooldtolearn(你必须记住:活到老学到老。))Hesaysthatfriendshipisveryimportanttohim(他说友谊对他很重要。))Don'tforgetwhatyourparentssaidtoyou(别忘了父母对你说过的话。))Canyoutellmewherethebookstoreis(你能告诉我书店在哪儿吗?))Idon'tknowwhethertheletterisoverweight(我不知道这封信是否超重。)by后面跟动词的现在分词表示某人做了某件事并通过这件事产生了某个结果。请看下面的句子:)BybribinganurseIwasabletoseesomefiles(通过贿赂护士我才有可能看到一些卷宗。))Theymadealivingbysellingnewspapers(他们通过卖报谋生。))Hetriedtosolvehisproblembycheatingme(他通过骗我来解决自己的问题。))Welearntoswimbyswimming(我们在游泳中学会游泳。)Theythoughtthateatingdeerwouldmakethemrunasfastasthedeer本句中that同样是引导一个宾语从句。在宾语从句中动名词短语eatingdeer做主语。请看下面的句子:)Chattingontheinternetwouldmakehimforgeteverything(在网上聊天会使他忘记一切。))Puttingonairwouldn'tdoyouanygood(摆架子不会对你有什么好处。))Makingfriendswiththemisnoeasyjob(跟他们交朋友不是一件容易的事。)makesbdosth意思是“使某人做某事”。make后面的复合宾语中动词不定式符号to要省去但是用被动语态时一定要用to请看下面的句子:)Thebossmadethemworkfrommorningtillnight(老板使他们从早到晚地干活。))Hemademesithereallthetime(他让我一直坐在这儿。))Shewasmadetofinishthebookintwodays(byherfather)(父亲让她两天把书看完。))Iwasmadetoreturnthemoneyassoonaspossible(bymyfriend)(朋友让我尽快还钱。)Somesavagetribesbelievedthateatingenemiesthathadshownbraveryinbattlewouldmakethembrave本句中的第一个that引导的又是一个宾语从句而后一个that引导的是定语从句修饰enemies。请看下面的句子:)Heisamanthatyoucanrelyon(他是一个你可以依靠的人。))ShegavemesomebooksthatIamreallyinterestedin(她给了我一些我很感兴趣的书。))IwouldneverforgetthetwoyearsthatIspentinthatvillage(我永远也不会忘记我在那个村子里度过的两年时光。)本句中thembrave是make的复合宾语请看下面的句子:)Don'twaitforhimHewillmakeuslate(别等他了他会使我们迟到的。))Hewasafraidthatthestorywouldmakethingsworse(他担心那个故事会使事情更糟。))Ididn'tknowthatthenewshadbeenmadepublic(我不知道这个消息已经公开了。)Itwasoncethought…EggswerethoughttomakethevoiceprettyTomatoeswerebelievedtohavemagicalpowersTheywerecalledloveapplesandweresupposedtomakepeoplewhoatethemfallinlove上面的这些句子全部用的是被动语态。请翻译下面的句子:)孩子们受到很好的照顾。(Thechildrenarewelltakencareof))这个问题最近被谈论得很多。(Thisquestionhasbeenmuchtalkedaboutrecently))体育代表团在机场受到了热烈欢迎。(Thesportsdelegationwasgivenawarmwelcomeattheairport))那里讲什么语言?(Whatlanguageisspokenthere))这本书是为儿童写的。(Thisbookiswrittenformchildren))他被认为是这个工作的最佳人选。(Heisthoughttobethebestcandidateforthejob)suppose是一个常用词请注意掌握。)Isupposeitwasreasonableforhimtowanthismoneyback(我看他想要回他的钱是合理的。))Isupposetheansweristhathewasnotsohardworking(我想答案在于他不够刻苦。))Thesituationwasevenworsethanwassupposed(形势比料想的更糟糕。))Whodoyousupposeistherightpersonforthejob(你认为谁是这个工作的合适人选?))Iamnotsupposedtotalktoyouaboutthis(我不能和你谈这个。))HewassupposedtoleaveforShanghailastnight(他应该昨夜动身去上海。))SupposeSupposingsomethingshouldgowrong,whatwouldyoudo(如果有了什么差错你怎么办?)HowsurprisedthepeoplewhothoughttomatoespoisonouswouldbeiftheycouldknowthatmillionsofpoundsoftomatoesweresuppliedtosoldiersoverseasduringWWII“howsurprisedthepeoplewouldbe”是主句这是一个感叹句who引导的定语从句修饰peopleif引导的是条件状语从句。感叹句通常用what或how引起。what用来修饰一个名词how修饰一个形容词副词或动词。请看下面的句子:)Whatakindheartedmanheis!(他是一个多么好心的人啊!))Whatgoodnewsitis!(多好的消息啊!))Whatabeautifulcity!(多美的城市啊!))Howlovelythechildrenare!(多可爱的孩子啊!))Howwellshewrites(她写得多好啊!))HowIhatedallthis(我多恨这一切啊!)Onesuchideaisthatfishisthebestbrainfood本句中that引导的是一个表语从句。请看下面的句子:)Mysuggestionisthatweshouldleaverightnow(我的建议是我们现在就离开。))WhatistroublingmeisthatIdon'thavemuchexperienceinteaching(使我苦恼的是我在教学方面的经验不多。))Myideaisthatweofferthemmorehelp(我的意思是我们给他们提供更多的帮助。))Thefactisthatwedon'thaveenoughhands(事实是我们人手不够。)Washingfooddownwithwaterasasubstituteforchewingisnotagoodideasubstitutefor是一个常用词组意思是“代替代用品”substitute也可以做动词用意思是“替代”。请看例句:)Don'tyouthinkitagoodideatouseplasticasasubstituteforwood(你觉得用塑料做木材的代用品是个好主意吗?))Daydreamingcannotsubstituteforhardwork(白日梦不能取代辛勤的努力。))AmiddleagedwomansubstitutedfortheEnglishteacherduringherabsence(英语老师不在时由一位中年妇女代替。)Manypeoplethinkofbreadasacarbohydratefoodthinkof…as是一个习惯用法意思是“把…看作是…”“认为…是…”。请看下面的句子:)Peoplethinkofhimasahero(人们把他看作英雄。))Hethinksofhimselfasthemostimportantmemberofthefamily(他认为自己是最重要的家庭成员。))TheYellowRiveristhoughtofasthecradleoftheChinesenation(黄河被看作是中华民族的摇篮。)与thinkof…as意思相近的习惯用法还有regard…asconsider…aslookupon…asview…assee…as等等。本课主要词组  beeagerto         besupposedto  fallinlove         growup  besuppliedto        substitutefor  havesthtodowith      atthemeal  asamatteroffact      thinkof…as…  inthesameway本课主要句型宾语从句ManypeoplebelievethatbyeatingananimaltheycouldgetsomeofthegoodqualitiesofthatanimalforthemselvesTheythoughteatingdeerwouldmakethemrunasfastasthedeerSomesavagetribesbelievethateatingenemiesthathadshownbraveryinbattlewouldmakethembrave表语从句OneideawasthatfishisthebestbrainfoodAnotherideaisthatyoushouldnotdrinkwaterwithmealsThereasonwasthattheacidintheorangejuicewouldmakethemilkcurdleandbecomeindigestibleAsimilarwrongideaisthatfishandicecream…forapoisonouscombinationStillanotherideaisthatproteinsandcarbohydratesshouldneverbeeatenatthesamemeal感叹句Howsurprisedthatpeople…wouldbe…形容词副词的比较级和最高级TheythoughteatingdeerwouldmakethemrunasfastasdeerManeatingmayhavestartedbecausepeoplewereeagertobecomeasstrongandbraveastheirenemiesOnesuchideaisthatfishisthebestbrainfoodFishisgoodbrainfoodjustasitisgoodmusclefoodandskinandbonefoodButnoonehasbeenabletoprovethatfishisanybetterforthebrainthanmanyotherkindsoffoodItisjustasfoolishtosaythatoneshouldnevereatmeatandpotatoestogetherasitistosaythatoneshouldnevereatbreadordrinkmilkTextBDoAnimalsThink短语表达agreatdealThereisagreatdealofconcernaboutenergyshortageWelearnedagreatdealfromherbelikeLookatthelittleboy,heissomuchlikehisfatherWarisnotlikewhathedescribedinhisnovelhavetimeforIdon'tknowwhyhedidn'thavetimeforbreakfastDon'tworry,wewillhaveenoughtimefordiscussionengageinHeistryingveryhardtoengagethewomaninfurtherconversationItisnotappropriateforaformerpresidenttoengageincommercetakecareofTheoldpeoplearewelltakencareofinthenursinghomesShetookcareofherlittlebrotherwhilemotherwasawayinsomemanyrespectsinonethisrespectHeisdifferentfromthepeoplearoundhiminmanyrespectsWearelaggingbehindatleastinonerespectexceptIknewnothingaboutJaneexceptwhatIhadheardatthepartyTherewasnothingwecoulddoexceptwaitandprayAlltheboysexceptTomwentcampinglastweekIntheeveningsheneverwentanywhereexcepttothenearestcoffeehouseconnectwithThereisnoevidencetoconnecttheyoungmanwiththetheftGoodhealthisconnectedwithdietThereareseriousquestionsconnectedwiththeradioactivewastedisposal(放射性废料的处理)makeimprovementinThecompanymadegreatimprovementinthewagesandworkingconditionsoftheemployeesAnimalsdonotmakeanyrealimprovementintheirwaysofdoingthingsbyinstinctSheknewbyinstinctthathewouldn'tbebackBirdsbuildtheirnestsbyinstinctspeakofProfessorBlackwellalwaysspeakshighlyofhisassistantDidhespeakoftheseriousearthquakethatstruckTaiwanlastweekletout“Letmeout,”theboyshouted,butnobodycameTheprisonerswereletoutoftheircellsasifHelookedatmeasifIweremadSheopenedhereyesasifconsciousofmygazeHeworkssohardasifheneverknewfatiguehaveone'switsaboutone〔机警保持警觉〕InthispartofthecityyouhavetohaveyourwitsaboutyouallthetimeHefeltitunnecessarytohavehiswitsabouthimonsuchafriendlyoccasionavarietyofDon'tbotherhim,hehasavarietyofdutiestoperformThecollegelibraryhasawidevarietyofbooksdifferencebetweenWillyoupleasetellmethedifferencebetweenthetwocountriesIcannotseeanydifferencebetweenthetwooilpaintings电话:传真:http:wwwedueducomcn地址:北京市经济技术开发区地盛北街号A区号楼邮编:

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