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首页 [英]彼得·克莱尔:放荡不羁的启蒙:十八世纪的性自由与特许(帕尔格莱夫 2003)

[英]彼得·克莱尔:放荡不羁的启蒙:十八世纪的性自由与特许(帕尔格莱夫 2003)

[英]彼得·克莱尔:放荡不羁的启蒙:十八世纪的性自由与特许(帕…

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简介:本文档为《[英]彼得·克莱尔:放荡不羁的启蒙:十八世纪的性自由与特许(帕尔格莱夫 2003)pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

LibertineEnlightenmentSexLibertyandLicenceintheEighteenthCenturyEditedbyPeterCryleandLisaO’ConnellLibertineEnlightenmentAlsobyPeterCryleLACRISEDUPLAISIR,–GEOMETRYINTHEBOUDOIR:ConfigurationsofFrenchEroticNarrativeTHETELLINGOFTHEACT:SexualityasNarrativeinEighteenthandNineteenthCenturyFranceLibertineEnlightenmentSexLibertyandLicenceintheEighteenthCenturyEditedbyPeterCryleDirector,CentrefortheHistoryofEuropeanDiscoursesUniversityofQueenslandandLisaO’ConnellSchoolofEnglish,MediaStudiesandArtHistoryUniversityofQueensland©Editorialmatter,selection,PeterCryleandLisaO’Connell©ChapterÉditionsDenoëlallremainingmaterial©PalgraveMacmillanAllrightsreservedNoreproduction,copyortransmissionofthispublicationmaybemadewithoutwrittenpermissionNoparagraphofthispublicationmaybereproduced,copiedortransmittedsavewithwrittenpermissionorinaccordancewiththeprovisionsoftheCopyright,DesignsandPatentsAct,orunderthetermsofanylicencepermittinglimitedcopyingissuedbytheCopyrightLicensingAgency,TottenhamCourtRoad,LondonWTLPAnypersonwhodoesanyunauthorisedactinrelationtothispublicationmaybeliabletocriminalprosecutionandcivilclaimsfordamagesTheauthorshaveassertedtheirrightstobeidentifiedastheauthorsofthisworkinaccordancewiththeCopyright,DesignsandPatentsActFirstpublishedbyPALGRAVEMACMILLANHoundmills,Basingstoke,HampshireRGXSandFifthAvenue,NewYork,NYCompaniesandrepresentativesthroughouttheworldPALGRAVEMACMILLANistheglobalacademicimprintofthePalgraveMacmillandivisionofStMartin’sPress,LLCandofPalgraveMacmillanLtdMacmillan®isaregisteredtrademarkintheUnitedStates,UnitedKingdomandothercountriesPalgraveisaregisteredtrademarkintheEuropeanUnionandothercountriesISBN–––hardbackThisbookisprintedonpapersuitableforrecyclingandmadefromfullymanagedandsustainedforestsourcesAcataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataLibertineenlightenment:sex,liberty,andlicenceintheeighteenthcenturyeditedbyPeterCryleandLisaO’ConnellpcmIncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexISBN–––Europe–Moralconditions–History–thcenturySexcustoms–Europe–History–thcenturyLibertinism–Europe–History–thcenturyDissenters–Europe–History–thcenturyEurope–Intellectuallife–History–thcenturyLibertinisminliteratureITitle:Sex,liberty,andlicenceintheeighteenthcenturyIICryle,PM(PeterMaxwell),–IIIO’Connell,Lisa,–HNZM’’–dcPrintedandboundinGreatBritainbyAntonyRoweLtd,ChippenhamandEastbourneContentsListofFiguresviiAcknowledgementsviiiNotesontheContributorsixSex,LibertyandLicenceintheEighteenthCenturyPartIDisquietingTheoriesTakingLiberties:Sterne,WilkesandWarburtonSimonDuringCasanova:InscriptionsofForgettingChantalThomasCodifiedIndulgence:TheNicetiesofLibertineEthicsinCasanovaandHisContemporariesPeterCryleKant,SadeandtheLibertineEnlightenmentAlanCorkhillPhilosophicalLiberty,SexualLicence:TheAmbiguityofVoltaire’sLibertinageSergeRivièrePartIIImproperWomenTheFemaleRake:Gender,LibertinismandEnlightenmentKathleenWilsonTheMakingofaLibertineQueen:JeannedeLaMotteandMarieAntoinetteIainMcCalmanSecrecyandEnlightenment:DelarivierManley’sNewAtalantisNicolaParsonsAuthorshipandLibertineCelebrity:HarrietteWilson’sRegencyMemoirsLisaO’ConnellvPartIIISpuriousPracticesLibertinesandRadicalsinthes:TheStrangeCaseofCharlesPigottIJonathanMeeJamesGrahamasSpiritualLibertinePeterOttoTheMysteriesofImposture:CountCagliostro’sLiteraryLegacyinGermanRomanticismChristaKnellwolfChildrenoftheMidnightMassPatrickWaldLasowskiIndexviContentsListofFiguresJacketWilliamHogarth,‘JohnWilkes,Esq’,(reproducedbypermissionoftheNationalPortraitGallery,London)FigureWilliamHogarth,‘JohnWilkes,Esq’,(reproducedbypermissionoftheNationalPortraitGallery,London)FigureSirJoshuaReynolds,‘LaurenceSterne’,(reproducedbypermissionoftheNationalPortraitGallery,London)Figure‘JeanneStRemydeValoisdeLaMotte’fromDLysons,HistoricalAccountoftheEnvironsofLondon,–VolIII(oppp)(reproducedbypermissionofTheHuntingtonLibrary,SanMarino,California)FigureSirGodfreyKneller,‘SarahJennings,DutchessofMarlborough’,(reproducedbypermissionofTheNationalTrust)FigureHHHeath,‘LaCoterieDebouché’,(reproducedbypermissionoftheBritishMuseum)Figure‘SoulagementenprisonorComfortinprison’,(reproducedbypermissionoftheBritishMuseum)Figure‘CountCagliostro’fromWRHTrowbridge,Cagliostro:TheSplendourandMiseryofaMasterofMagic,EPDutton,NewYork,,frontispiece(courtesyofIainMcCalman)viiAcknowledgementsThisbookhasitsoriginsinaconferenceheldattheUniversityofQueenslandinFinancialsupportforthateventwasprovidedbytheUniversity’sCentreforCriticalandCulturalStudies,undertheleadershipofGraemeTurnerAdministrativesupportofasustainedandcontinuallyinventivekindwasprovidedbyAndreaMitchell,withtheaidofDianaJonesandMargueriteNolanContributionstofundingwerealsomadebytheHumanitiesResearchCentre(AustralianNationalUniversity)andbytheFrenchMinistryofCultureMichellePoole,oftheUniversityofQueensland,assisteduswiththecoverimageMatthewBailey,oftheNationalPortraitGallery,JeanRobertDurbinoftheHuntingtonLibrary,ElisabethStacey,oftheNationalTrustPhotographicLibrary,NickiAthanassiofEditionsDenoëlandIvorKerslakeandJennyRamkalawon,bothoftheBritishMuseum,kindlyfacilitatedthebusinessofobtainingillustrationsandtranslationsFinally,thepreparationofwhatwestillfondlycallthemanuscriptowesalottoourresearchassistants:CatrionaMills,PhoebeLingandthewonderfulAmandaLynchviiiNotesontheContributorsAlanCorkhillisaseniorlecturerinGermanStudiesintheSchoolofLanguagesandComparativeCulturalStudiesattheUniversityofQueenslandHeisAustralasianeditoroftheGermanliteraryperiodicalSeminarandservesontheeditorialpanelofAUMLAHeisthesoleauthoroffourbooks,themostrecentofwhichinterrogateshappinessdiscoursesintheGermannovelfromto(RöhrigUniversitätsverlag,Saarbrücken,)PeterCryleisthedirectoroftheCentrefortheHistoryofEuropeanDiscoursesattheUniversityofQueenslandHeworksonthehistoryoferoticnarrativeinFrenchHispublicationsincludeGeometryintheBoudoir(CornellUniversityPress,)TheTellingoftheAct(UniversityofDelawarePress,)andLaCriseduplaisir(UniversitairesduSeptentrion,)SimonDuringteachesintheDepartmentofEnglishatJohnsHopkinsUniversityHeistheauthorofModernEnchantments:TheCulturalPowerofSecularMagic(HarvardUniversityPress,)FoucaultandLiterature(Routledge,)andPatrickWhite(OxfordUniversityPress,)andeditorofTheCulturalStudiesReader(,)ChristaKnellwolfisbasedattheHumanitiesResearchCentreattheAustralianNationalUniversitySheistheauthorofAContradictionStill:RepresentationsofWomeninthePoetryofAlexanderPope(ManchesterUniversityPress,)aneditorofTheCambridgeHistoryofLiteraryCriticism,vol(),andeditoroftwojournalissuesdrawnfromtheXIthDavidNicholSmithConferenceontheExoticintheEighteenthCentury:aspecialissueofEighteenthCenturyLife()andofSignatures()IainMcCalmanisDirectoroftheHumanitiesResearchCentreattheAustralianNationalUniversityandPresidentoftheAustralianAcademyoftheHumanitiesHeisaspecialistineigtheenthcenturyBritishandEuropeanhistoryandhasaparticularinterestinthehistoryofpopularcultureandlowlifeHisrecentpublicationsincludetheOxfordCompaniontotheRomanticAge()andthejointlyeditedGold:ForgottenHistoriesandLostObjectsofAustralia(CambridgeUniversityPress,)HisforthcomingworksincludeTheLastixAlchemist:TheSevenExtraordinaryLivesofCountCagliostro,EighteenthCenturyEnchanter(HarperCollins,RandomHouse)HeiseditorofCharlesDickens,BarnabyRudge,(OxfordUniversityPress,)andgeneraleditorofTheEnlightenmentWorld(Routledge,)JonathanMeeisMargaretCandfieldFellowinEnglishatUniversityCollege,OxfordHispublicationsincludeDangerousEnthusiasm:WilliamBlakeandtheCultureofRadicalisminthes(Clarendon,)HewasoneoftheeditorsoftheOxfordCompaniontotheRomanticAge()HehaspublishedessaysonmanyaspectsoftheRomanticperiodandalsowritesoncontemporaryIndianwritinginEnglishLisaO’ConnellisalecturerineighteenthcenturyBritishliteratureandcultureintheSchoolofEnglish,MediaStudiesandArtHistoryattheUniversityofQueenslandShehaspublishedarticlesonthelinksbetweenmarriagepracticesandthetheatre,recreationaltourism,thenovelandpopularethnographyintheeighteenthandearlynineteenthcenturiesPeterOttoteachescoursesonRomanticism,GothicFictionandRomanticismandModernityintheEnglishDepartmentattheUniversityofMelbourneHiscurrentresearchproject,‘TheRomanticImaginationanditsDoubles’,focusesonthreesocialmovementsofthelateeighteenthandearlynineteenthcenturies:Romanticism,MesmerismandMillenarianismHehascoeditedtwocollectionsofarticlesonRomanticism,andauthoredtwobooksonWilliamBlake:ConstructiveVisionandVisionaryDeconstruction(OxfordUniversityPress,)andBlake’sCritiqueofTranscendence(OxfordUniversityPress,)GothicFictions:AMicrofilmCollectionofPrimaryTexts,whichheeditedwithMarieMulveyRobertsandAlisonMilbank,andanaccompanyingmonograph,areforthcomingfromAdamMatthewsPublicationsNicolaParsonsiscompletingherdoctoratewiththeDepartmentofEnglishwithCulturalStudiesattheUniversityofMelbourneHerthesis,‘(En)GenderingthePublicSphere:Literature,ScandalandtheConstructionofPoliticalDiscourse’,examinesearlyeighteenthcenturytextsthatemploytropesofsecrecyanddisclosureandutilizestrategiesofgossipasameansofengagingwithpoliticalissuesMarcSergeRivièrehasbeenProfessorofFrenchintheDepartmentofLanguagesandCulturalStudiesattheUniversityofLimerick,IrelandxNotesontheContributorssinceHehaspublishedextensivelyonVoltaireandtheeighteenthcenturyandisoneoftheeditorsofVoltaire’sHistoricalWorksfortheCompleteWorksofVoltaire(Oxford:TheVoltaireFoundation)HisotherresearchhasfocusedonutopianliteratureoftheseventeenthcenturyandFrenchtravellerstothePacificandAustraliaTwoofhisfourteenbooksare:TheGovernor’sNobleGuest:HyacinthedeBougainville’sAccountofPortJackson,(Melbourne,)andTheLibraryofanEnlightenedPrincess(BerlinVerlag,)ChantalThomastaughtintheUnitedStatesforseveralyearsSheisnowDirectricedeRechercheattheConseilNationaldeRechercheScientifique(CNRS)inLyonsSheistheauthorofSade,l’oeildelalettre(Payot,)Casanova,unvoyagelibertin(Denoël,)DonJuanouPavlov(Seuil,)LaReinescélérate,MarieAntoinettedanslespamphlets(Seuil,)(translatedasTheWickedQueen:TheOriginsoftheMythofMarieAntoinette,ZoneBooks,)ThomasBernhard(Seuil,)Commentsupportersaliberté(Payot,)(translatedasCopingwithFreedom,Algora,)Inaddition,shehaspublishedacollectionofshortstories,LaVieréelledespetitesfilles(Gallimard,)andanovel,LesAdieuxàlaReine(Seuil,),whichwasawardedthePrixFéminaPatrickWaldLasowskiholdsachairinliteratureattheUniversitédeParis(VincennesSaintDenis)Heistheauthorofsevenbooks,includinganumberofessaysonlibertinageandgalanterieThemostrecentoftheseisLeTraitédesmouchessecrètes(Gallimard,)Heisalsotheeditorofmanycriticaleditions,includingacollectionofeighteenthcenturylibertinenovelsinLesEditionsdelaPléiadeKathleenWilsonisProfessorofHistoryattheStateUniversityofNewYork,StonyBrookHerbooksincludeTheSenseofthePeople:Politics,CultureandImperialism,–(CambridgeUniversityPress,),whichwonprizesfromtheRoyalHistoricalSociety,andtheNorthAmericanConferenceonBritishStudies,andTheIslandRace:Englishness,EmpireandGenderintheEighteenthCentury(Routledge,)Shehasalsoeditedacollectionofessays,TheNewImperialHistory:Culture,IdentityandModernity,–(CambridgeUniversityPress,)NotesontheContributorsxiThispageintentionallyleftblankSex,LibertyandLicenceintheEighteenthCenturyPeterCryleandLisaO’ConnellTheEnlightenmentisusuallythoughtofasoneofthegreatcapitallettermomentsinEuropeanhistoryInFrance,GermanyandBritain,‘philosophy’cameintheeighteenthcenturytobedefinedinitsmodernsenseasthedisciplinedexerciseofReasonThetruthsofearliertimesweresubjecttoreexamination,andageoldbeliefscalledintoquestionThecriticalidentificationof‘prejudice’becameawidespreadintellectualactivityanditsdisparagementaroutinerhetoricalpracticeRecently,however,theEnlightenmenthasitselfbecometheobjectofconcertedcritiqueItisdeemedbysometobeagreatculturalmonolith,animperial,indeedanimperialistedifice–andnotwithoutreasonFromtheenlightenedstandpoint,formsofthoughtthatfailtoconformtoitsowncriteriacanbedepreciatedordisqualifiedbybeingplacedinmoreignorant,prejudicedorprimitivephasesofhistoricaldevelopmentManycontemporaryphilosophershavethuscometoquestionwhatGadamercalls‘theprejudiceagainstprejudice’(),rejectingtheEnlightenmenthabitofdeprecatingitsothersMoreparticularly,postcolonialthinkershavenotedthecondescensionwithwhichtheWesttendstojudgeotherculturaltraditionswhosepatternsofthoughtdonotregularlyconformtoEnlightenmentmodelsItisperhapsironicthatthecritiqueofenlightenment(fromwhichwehavelearnedsomuch)hashelpedconsolidatearathertoosimpleaccountoftheEnlightenmentIthasnotdisruptedthelongestablishedhabitofthinkingofthehistoryofeighteenthcenturyEuropeasprimarilythetimeofLockeandHume,ofDiderotandVoltaire,findingitsculminationintheworkofKant,thatis,astheageofgreatthinkers,whobythelighttheythrewontheworld,helpeddefine(nowrecuperated)spacesofignoranceand‘prejudice’OurbookmovespastthisviewoftheEnlightenmentIngeneraltermsitisdedicatedtothepropositionthatthereweremultipleenlightenments,andthattheperiodwearestudyingischaracterizedbytherichnessofitsparallelintellectualendeavoursIndeed,ourcontentionisthatfewtermsenableustorethinkenlightenmentasapluralmovement–withoutthedefinitearticleandtextbookcapital–aseffectivelyasdoesthequalifier‘libertine’Forasourcontributorsshow,itisinavarietyofformsofsexualtalkandaction,asmuchasanything,thatenlightenmentvernacularizedanddisperseditself,findingnewwaysintonewpublicspheres,organizingitselfintoavarietyofpracticesofthebody,contributingtoregimesofgenderedidentity,definingthelimitsofEuropeancultureincolonialcontexts,andjoiningthecultureofcommerceandentrepreneurshipwhichwassoimportanttotheperiodInthesetermsenlightenmentbecomeslessamonolithicmomentinthehistoryofideasthanaflexibletermforthecomplexofdiscoursesandactivities–centredoncapital,travelandprint–thatcharacterizemodernityWhenyokedtothetoposofenlightenmentinthisfashion,thenotionoflibertinismitselfbeginstorequirerevisionOurcentralclaimisthatlibertinismintheeighteenthcenturyamountedtobothmoreandlessthanweareaccustomedtosupposeWhenwespeakoflibertinecultureinthisperiod,weusuallymeanthesexuallyfreebehaviourandnormsofupperclassmen,andinparticular,oftheFrencharistocracyduringthedeclineoftheancienrégime,aswellasthewritingwhichcelebratesit–namelytheeroticnovelsofCrébillonfils,Duclos,Diderot,PrévostandLaclos,andtheobscenephilosophicalwritingofSadeandothersInthiscontext,‘libertinism’isthenamegiventothefreeoperationofsexualdesireagainstorindelicatenegotiationwithconventionalmoral,religiousandcivilcodes–afreedomavailabletoaneducated,oftentitledeliteOurcontentionisthat‘libertinism’isatermthatcanusefullybeappliedtoabroaderrangeofpracticesandcontextsthanthisunderstandingsuggestsWearguethatlibertinism–theselfaware,philosophicallyorientedpracticeofmoreorlesssexualizedfreedom–mergesintolibertinage–thevernacular,dissidentfreedomsofeverydaylifeForthisreason,ourstudyengageshistoricalscholarshipalongsidephilosophicalanddiscursivemodesofanalysisMovingbetweenthedisciplinesofculturalhistoryandliterarystudies,ittakestheformofacollectiveeffort,drawingtogetherscholarswhoareabletoconsiderarangeoffiguresandtextsbeyondthescopeofindividualizedacademictrainingPeterCryleandLisaO’ConnellIneighteenthcenturyEuropeideasandpeoplecirculatedwidelyYetthestudyoflibertinismhaslargelybeencorralledwithinFrenchstudiesOurbookseekstoreviseFrancocentricaccountswhichsupposethatlibertinagereacheditspeakandexhausteditsconsequencesbeforeeverarrivinginBritain,justasitrejectsaccountsofBritain’sinsularresistancetotheinvadingcontinentalforcesofphilosophicalandmoraldecayOuraimistoretrievesomeoftheinternationalflavourofeighteenthcenturylibertineculturebyrangingacrossBritishandEuropeancontextsIndoingsowewishtorecuperatetheconceptsoflibertinismandlibertinageforthefullvarietyofenlightenedsocialcontextsinwhichsexualbehaviour,andwritingaboutsexualbehaviour,cametohavephilosophical,politicalandculturalimportThesecontextsrangedbeyondrarefiedcourtlycultures(andtheirlimited,coteriereaderships)tothenewerprintcommunities(anddemocratizedreadingpublics)thatthriveduponthedisseminationofpoliticizedformsofsexualgossip,pornographyandscandalOuraimisinparttouncovertheneglectedlinksandresemblancesbetweenwhatwemightcallthehighlibertinesphereofletters(anditsoftenobliquephilosophicalandliteraryengagementwithofficialculture)andthemarginalyetexuberantunderworldofpopularprint(withitsentwinedculturesofpublicity,politicalopposition,andcommercialentertainment)Thatunderworldwaspartlyformedaroundth

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[英]彼得·克莱尔:放荡不羁的启蒙:十八世纪的性自由与特许(帕尔格莱夫 2003)

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