加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 剑桥希腊罗马战争史 卷一

剑桥希腊罗马战争史 卷一

剑桥希腊罗马战争史 卷一

Stlnz
2008-08-28 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《剑桥希腊罗马战争史 卷一pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

THECAMBRIDGEHISTORYOFGREEKANDROMANWARFAREWarfarewasthesinglebiggestpreoccupationofhistoriansinantiquityInrecentdecadesfreshtextualinterpretations,numerousnewarchaeologicaldiscoveriesandamuchbroaderanalyticalfocusemphasizingsocial,economic,politicalandculturalapproacheshavetransformedourunderstandingofancientwarfareVolumeiofthistwovolumeHistoryreflectsthesedevelopmentsandprovidesasystematicaccount,writtenbyadistinguishedcastofcontributors,ofthevariousthemesunderlyingthewarfareoftheGreekworldfromthearchaictotheHellenisticperiodandofearlyandmiddleRepublicanRomeForeachbroadperioddevelopmentsintrooptypes,equipment,strategyandtacticsarediscussedTheseareplacedinthebroadercontextofdevelopmentsininternationalrelationsandtherelationshipofwarfaretoboththestateandwidersocietyNumerousillustrations,aglossaryandchronology,andinformationabouttheancientauthorsmentionedsupplementthetextThiswillbecometheprimaryreferenceworkforspecialistsandnonspecialistsalikephilipsabinisProfessorofStrategicStudiesintheDepartmentofWarStudiesatKing’sCollegeLondonHismainacademicinterestconcernstheanalyticalmodellingofconflict,andheistheauthorofLostBattles:ReconstructingtheGreatClashesoftheAncientWorld()andcoeditor(withTimCornellandBorisRankov)ofTheSecondPunicWar:AReappraisal()HeteachesandwritesaboutthestrategyandtacticsofwarfarefromancienttimestothetwentyfirstcenturyhansvanweesisProfessorofAncientHistoryatUniversityCollegeLondonHeistheauthorofStatusWarriors:War,ViolenceandSocietyinHomerandHistory()andGreekWarfare:MythsandRealities()andeditorofWarandViolenceinAncientGreece()Hehascoedited(withNickFisher)ArchaicGreece:NewApproachesandNewEvidence(),(withEgbertBakkerandIrenedeJong)Brill’sCompaniontoHerodotus()and(withKurtRaaflaub)ACompaniontoArchaicGreece(forthcoming)michaelwhitbyisProfessorofClassicsandAncientHistoryattheUniversityofWarwickHeisthecoeditorofVolumeXIVofTheCambridgeAncientHistory()andauthorofRomeatWar,ad–()aswellasseveralarticlesonlateRomanwarfare,andhasmadeseveraltelevisionappearancestalkingaboutancientwarfarefromtheGraecoPersianWarstothecollapseoftheRomanEmpireCambridgeHistoriesOnline©CambridgeUniversityPress,CambridgeHistoriesOnline©CambridgeUniversityPress,THECAMBRIDGEHISTORYOFGREEKANDROMANWARFAREVOLUMEIGreece,theHellenisticworldandtheriseofRomeEditedbyPHILIPSABINDepartmentofWarStudies,King’sCollegeLondonHANSVANWEESDepartmentofHistory,UniversityCollegeLondonMICHAELWHITBYDepartmentofClassicsandAncientHistory,UniversityofWarwickCambridgeHistoriesOnline©CambridgeUniversityPress,cambridgeuniversitypressCambridge,NewYork,Melbourne,Madrid,CapeTown,Singapore,Sa˜oPauloCambridgeUniversityPressTheEdinburghBuilding,Cambridgecbru,UKPublishedintheUnitedStatesofAmericabyCambridgeUniversityPress,NewYorkwwwcambridgeorgInformationonthistitle:wwwcambridgeorgC©CambridgeUniversityPressThispublicationisincopyrightSubjecttostatutoryexceptionandtotheprovisionsofrelevantcollectivelicensingagreements,noreproductionofanypartmaytakeplacewithoutthewrittenpermissionofCambridgeUniversityPressFirstpublishedPrintedintheUnitedKingdomattheUniversityPress,CambridgeAcataloguerecordforthispublicationisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryisbnhardbackCambridgeUniversityPresshasnoresponsibilityforthepersistenceoraccuracyofURLsforexternalorthirdpartyinternetwebsitesreferredtointhispublication,anddoesnotguaranteethatanycontentonsuchwebsitesis,orwillremain,accurateorappropriateCambridgeHistoriesOnline©CambridgeUniversityPress,CONTENTSListoffigurespageviiiListofmapsxivEditors’prefacexvAcknowledgementsxviiINTRODUCTION:THEHISTORIOGRAPHYOFANCIENTWARFAREThemodernhistoriographyofancientwarfarevictordavishanson(SeniorResearchFellowattheHooverInstitution,Stanford)Warfareinancientliterature:theparadoxofwarsimonhornblower(GroteProfessorofAncientHistory,UniversityCollegeLondon)Reconstructingancientwarfaremichaelwhitby(ProfessorofAncientHistory,UniversityofWarwick)PARTI:ARCHAICANDCLASSICALGREECEInternationalrelationsjonathanmhall(PhyllisFayHortonProfessorintheHumanities,ProfessorofClassicsandProfessorofHistory,UniversityofChicago)Militaryforcespeterhunt(ProfessorofClassics,UniversityofColorado)vCambridgeHistoriesOnline©CambridgeUniversityPress,vicontentsWarpeterkrentz(WRGreyProfessorofClassicsandHistory,DavidsonCollege,NorthCarolina)BattleALandbattleseverettlwheeler(DukeUniversity)BNavalbattlesandsiegesbarrystrauss(ProfessorofClassicsandHistory,CornellUniversity)Warfareandthestatevincentgabrielsen(ProfessorofAncientHistory,UniversityofCopenhagen)Warandsocietyhansvanwees(ProfessorofAncientHistory,UniversityCollegeLondon)PARTII:THEHELLENISTICWORLDANDTHEROMANREPUBLICInternationalrelationsrichardbillows(ProfessorofHistory,ColumbiaUniversity)MilitaryforcesALandforcesnicholassekunda(ProfessorofAncientHistory,UniversityofGdansk)BNavalforcesphilipdesouza(CollegeLecturerinClassics,UniversityCollegeDublin)Warjonathanproth(ProfessorofHistory,SanJose´StateUniversity)BattleALandbattlesphilipsabin(ProfessorofStrategicStudies,King’sCollegeLondon)CambridgeHistoriesOnline©CambridgeUniversityPress,contentsviiBNavalbattlesandsiegesphilipdesouza(CollegeLecturerinClassics,UniversityCollegeDublin)Warfareandthestatejohnserrati(ProfessorofHistoryandClassics,McGillUniversity,Quebec)Warandsocietyjelendon(ProfessorofHistory,UniversityofVirginia)ChronologicaltableGlossaryListofancientauthorsBibliographyAbbreviationsMainbibliographyIndexofancientpassagescitedGeneralindexCambridgeHistoriesOnline©CambridgeUniversityPress,FIGURESPagefromatenthcenturyByzantinecopyofAsclepiodotus’ArtofTactics,withdrawingsof‘chequerboard’andotherformationsFlorence,BibliothecaMediceoLaurenziana(Plutce)pageIllustrationsfromthepamphletMarshisField,firstprintedbyRogerDaniellin,showingdrillpositionsforpikemenequippedwithshieldandspear,atypeofinfantryrecentlyintroducedundertheinfluenceofancientmilitarytreatisesScythianarchersengagedinlongrangemissilecombatwhiletheirhoplitecompanionscrouchbehindtheirshields,onalatesixthcenturyAthenianamphoraBerlin,Antikensammlung(F)C©CopyrightStaatlicheMuseenzuBerlinPreußischerKulturbesitzCommemorationoffemalecasualtiesofwar(a)MonumentsetupinthecentreofMessene,c–bc,tohonourthosewhohadfalleninoneofseveralrecentattemptstocapturethecity(b)Partoftheinscriptiononthecappingstoneswhichrecordedsixmaleandfourfemalenames,ofwhichthelatterareshownhereC©PhotoscourtesyofProfessorPetrosThemelisDeathofDecebalusfromTrajan’scolumninRomeC©CopyrightDAIRom(neg)MosaicdepictingAlexanderandDariusatthebattleofIssusNaples,MuseoNazionalePhoto:ScalaArtResource,NYColumnofArcadius:theGothsexpelledfromConstantinoplewithdivineassistanceDrawingintheFreshfieldfolder,LibraryofTrinityCollege,CambridgeThesouthernwatergateatDara(earlysixthcenturyad)GertrudeBellPhotographicArchive,UniversityofNewcastleuponTyne(R)viiiCambridgeHistoriesOnline©CambridgeUniversityPress,listoffiguresixThereplicatriremeOlympiasPhotocourtesyoftheTriremeTrustCohortstrengthreportonawritingtabletfromVindolanda(cad,northBritain)TabulaeVindolandensesii,frontC©CopyrightOxford,CentrefortheStudyofAncientDocumentsandtheBritishMuseum,TerracottasymbolafromAthensCourtesyoftheAmericanSchoolofClassicalStudies–AgoraExcavationsAlabastervasegivenasatokenofrecognitionbythePersiankingXerxes,whosenameisinscribedonitinfourlanguages:OldPersian,Elamite,AkkadianandEgyptianLondon,BritishMuseumC©CopyrightTheTrusteesoftheBritishMuseumGravemonumentforPythagorasofSelymbria,aproxenosburiedwithpublichonoursintheCerameicuscemeteryatAthens,c–bcC©CopyrightDAIAthen(negKerameikos)Earliestknownhoplitepanoply,fromArgosLateeighthcenturyPhotocourtesyoftheSyndicsoftheCambridgeUniversityLibrary(a)–(c)HoplitearmourandthesidewaysonstanceadoptedbyhoplitesincombatrepresentedbyastatuettefromDodona,cbcBerlin,AntikensammlungC©CopyrightStaatlicheMuseenzuBerlinPreußischerKulturbesitz(Misc)Photos:(a)–(b)JuttaTietzGlagow,(c)IngridGeskeTwoslaveattendantsassistingfourhoplitesastheyarmthemselves,onanAtticcupofcbcVaticanCity,MuseoEtruscoGregoriano(inv)PhotocourtesyoftheSyndicsoftheCambridgeUniversityLibraryAlightformofhopliteequipmentcommonintheclassicalperiodasrepresentedonthegravemonumentofLisasofTegea,buriedinAtticainthelatefifthcenturybcChargingcavalrymenwithlightroundsinglegripshieldsandjavelinsonanarchaicterracottaplaquefromThasosReproducedfromLJWorley,Hippeis:TheCavalryofAncientGreece(Boulder),figPeltastwithcharacteristiccrescentshapedshield,carryingaspearunderarmasifforthrustingratherthanthrowing,andwearingThracianstylebootsandafoxfurcap,withafurwraparoundthewaist(AtticvaseofcbcfoundinagraveinBoeotiaandnowinThebes)CambridgeHistoriesOnline©CambridgeUniversityPress,xlistoffiguresHopliteperformingapyrrhicdancetothemusicofadoublepipe,onanAtticcupofcbcParis,Muse´eduLouvre(G)C©PhotoRMNC©Herve´LewandowskiCavalrymencompetingintargetpractice,onafourthcenturybcAtticcraterParis,Muse´eduLouvre(G)C©PhotoRMNC©Herve´LewandowskiAhopliteonthepointofdepartureforwarconsultstheomensbyinspectingtheliverofasacrificialanimal(hepatoscopy)broughttohimbyaslaveattendant,onanAtticamphoraofc–bcMartinvonWagnerMuseumderUniversita¨tWu¨rzburg,Antikenabteilung(KatL,negPF)ChalcidianblackfigureamphoraofcbcdepictinganightraidonanenemycampinwhichOdysseusmassacresagroupofsleepingThraciansMalibu,JPaulGettyMuseum(AE)Oneoftheearliestrepresentationsofatropaion,onanAtticredfigurevaseofcbcMuseumofFineArts,Boston(),FrancisBartlettDonationofPhotographC©MuseumofFineArts,BostonTortureorexecutionbydrowningofmenwhomaybeeithervictimsofpiratesorprisonersofwarafteranavalbattle,onanAtticvaseofc–bcThesackofacity:soldierskillingwomenandchildreninscenesfromthesackofTroy,onalargestoragejarfromMykonos,cbcPhotocourtesyoftheSyndicsoftheCambridgeUniversityLibraryPrisonersofwar,withhandstiedbehindtheirbacksandkeptonleads,ledawaybytwohoplites,withapairofspearseach,andanarcher,onalatesixthcenturybcAtticvaseCompie`gne,Muse´eAntoineVivenel(V)Mixedtroopsincombatoverafallensoldier,onaGeometricvasefromParos,cbc(a)–(c)Earlyhoplitesinaction,ontheChigivasefromCorinth,cbcRome,VillaGiulia()PhotoscourtesyofMuseodiVillaGiulia(a)–(d)Mixedtroopsincombat,onanearlysixthcenturybcAtticcupParis,Muse´eduLouvre(F)PhotoRMNC©Herve´LewandowskiRowers,tightlypackedinthreetiers,insidethereplicatriremeOlympiasReproducedfromHvanWees,GreekWarfare:MythsandRealities(London),plxxiv(originalbyJohnCoates)CambridgeHistoriesOnline©CambridgeUniversityPress,listoffiguresxiBronzeheadofabatteringram,decoratedwitharam’sheadmotif,dedicatedatOlympia,cbcC©CopyrightDAIAthen(negOlympia)Photo:HerrmannHoplitesinfullgearclimbingascalingladder,whilesquattingarchersaimcoveringfireatthedefendersonthecitywallNereidMonument,fromXanthus,cbcLondon,BritishMuseumC©CopyrightTheTrusteesoftheBritishMuseumFightingaroundabeachedwarship,onalateeighthcenturyAtticvaseNewYork,TheMetropolitanMuseumofArt,FletcherFund,()Photograph,allrightsreserved,TheMetropolitanMuseumofArtEarlyfifthcenturyLaconianstatuettewhichreflectstheidealoftheleisureclasssoldierWadsworthAtheneumMuseumofArt,Hartford,Conn()GiftofJPierpontMorganAnearlyGreeksymposium,onaCorinthianvaseofcbcParis,Muse´eduLouvre(E)C©PhotoRMNC©Herve´LewandowskiOrnatearmourfromAfratiinCrete,c–bcHamburg,Museumfu¨rKunstundGewerbe(inva)Damagedrighthandofbronze,fromsouthernFrance,secondcenturybc,inscribed‘symbolonwiththeVelaunians’,andevidentlydesignedtocommemorateaformaltreatybetweenaGreekandanativecommunityParis,Bibliothe`quenationaledeFrance()RedfigureoinochoedepictingaGreekhoplitefightinganAchaemenidtakabarainfantrymanLatefifthcenturybcParis,Muse´eduLouvre(G)C©PhotoRMNC©Herve´LewandowskiStonebasedepictinganAtheniancavalrymanridingdownaGreekinfantrymanAthens,NationalArchaeologicalMuseum(inv)(a)–(d)DiagramsoftherhomboidandwedgecavalryformationscopiedfromancienttacticalmanuscriptsAfterHKo¨chlyandWRu¨stow,GriechischeKriegsschriftsteller(Leipzig),vol,figs–BronzestripfoundatPergamumdepictinginfantryequippedwiththelargertypeofMacedonianshieldDrawingfromAltertumervonPergamon(Berlin)ImagecourtesyofDAIIstanbulCambridgeHistoriesOnline©CambridgeUniversityPress,xiilistoffiguresRepresentationofaMacedonianheavyinfantrymanfromtheMonumentofAemiliusPaullusatDelphiC©E´coleFranc¸aised’Athe`nes(R)Photo:PhilippeColletPompeiancopyofaHellenisticpaintingshowingthefallofTroy,possiblybyTheorosofSamosHouseoftheMenander,PompeiiI,,exedraPhoto:ScalaTerracottagroupdepictingtwoephebesfromaGreekcityofAsiaMinor,competinginthethureomachiaBerlin,Antikensammlung(TC)C©CopyrightStaatlicheMuseenzuBerlinPreußischerKulturbesitz,AntikensammlungTombstoneofEubolosfromTanagra,c–bcC©CopyrightDAIAthen(negTanagra)Romancopy,madeintheSeveranperiod,ofalateHellenisticstatueofanonoriental,possiblyGreek,horsearcherReproducedcourtesyoftheMuseoEgiziodiTorinoCoindepictingtheoriginaltypeoflightleathercavalryshieldusedbyRomansCourtesyoftheSyndicsoftheFitzwilliamMuseum,CambridgeRomandenarius,struckbyCServilius,tocommemoratethemilitaryexploitsofhisancestorsCourtesyoftheSyndicsoftheFitzwilliamMuseum,CambridgeGravesteleofSalamassonofMolesfromAdadafromthe‘SoldiersTomb’inSidonIstanbul,ArchaeologicalMuseumPhoto:TurhanBirgiliAsectionoftheViaAppia,leadingfromRometoCampaniaandBrundisiumPhotocourtesyoftheSyndicsoftheCambridgeUniversityLibraryFriezeshowingCarthaginianarmourandshieldfromatriumphalmonumentinTunisiaTrier,RheinischesLandesmuseumPhotocourtesyoftheSyndicsoftheCambridgeUniversityLibraryGravestonefromPaduashowingaCelticchariotwithadoublehoopside,cbcDrawinginPeterConnolly,GreeceandRomeatWar(London),C©CopyrightPeterConnollythroughakgimagesDecadrachmmintedinBabylonshowingAlexanderattackingPorusonanelephantLondon,BritishMuseumC©CopyrightTheTrusteesoftheBritishMuseumCambridgeHistoriesOnline©CambridgeUniversityPress,listoffiguresxiiiPaintingofalegionversusaphalanxatPydnaFromPeterConnolly,TheRomanArmy(London),–C©CopyrightPeterConnollythroughakgimagesBronzetriplefinnedtripleboltheadinscribedforPhilipofMacedonLondon,BritishMuseumC©CopyrightTheTrusteesoftheBritishMuseumThewallsofHeracleaunderLatmosinAsiaMinorReproducedfromDucrey,WarfareinAncientGreece(Schocken),PhotocourtesyoftheSyndicsoftheCambridgeUniversityLibraryToweratPergewiththreelargeartilleryportsReproducedfromWinter,GreekFortifications(Toronto),plPhotocourtesyoftheSyndicsoftheCambridgeUniversityLibraryHellenisticinscriptionfromLocriwhichincludesatthebottomasimplesketchplanofadefensivetowerconstructedwiththemoneylistedinthetextaboveMuseoNazionaleArcheologicodiReggioCalabriaReproducedcourtesyoftheSoprintendenzaperiBeniArcheologicidellaCalabria(a)–(e)Macedoniancoinage:(a)abronzecoinofCassander(b)and(c)silvertetradrachmsofDemetriusPoliorcetes(d)and(e)silvertetradrachmsofAntigonusGonatasCourtesyoftheSyndicsoftheFitzwilliamMuseum,Cambridge(a)–(f)EarlyRomancoinage:aessignatum(‘signedbronze’)ofthethirdcenturybcLondon,BritishMuseumC©CopyrightTheTrusteesoftheBritishMuseumThirdcenturyterracottastatuettecarryingaswordandotherkit,representingacaricaturemercenaryofatypealsocommonincontemporarycomedyBerlin,Antikensammlung(TC)C©CopyrightStaatlicheMuseenzuBerlinPreußischerKulturbesitz,AntikensammlungSarcophagusofLuciusCorneliusScipioBarbatus,consulofbc,withaninscriptiondatingtocbcwhichillustratesthecompetitivenessoftheRomane´liteMuseiVaticaniPhotoreproducedcourtesyoftheSyndicsoftheCambridgeUniversityLibraryCambridgeHistoriesOnline©CambridgeUniversityPress,MAPSThewesternMediterraneanxviiiTheeasternMediterraneanxxiTheNearEastxxiiGreecexxivCentralGreeceandthePeloponnesexxvWesternAsiaMinorandtheHellespontxxviCretexxviiItalyandSicilyxxviiiCentralItalyxxixSicilyxxxxivCambridgeHistoriesOnline©CambridgeUniversityPress,EDITORS’PREFACEWarfarewasthesinglebiggestpreoccupationofhistoriansinantiquity,butmodernacademicinterestinthesubjecthasrevivedonlyinthelastfewdecadesT

用户评价(2)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/49

剑桥希腊罗马战争史 卷一

仅供在线阅读

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利