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首页 剑桥大学出版社:奥斯曼帝国和近代欧洲(英文)

剑桥大学出版社:奥斯曼帝国和近代欧洲(英文)

剑桥大学出版社:奥斯曼帝国和近代欧洲(英文)

UC
2008-06-26 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《剑桥大学出版社:奥斯曼帝国和近代欧洲(英文)pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

TheOttomanEmpireandEarlyModernEuropeDespitethefactthatitscapitalcityandoveronethirdofitsterritorywerewithinthecontinentofEurope,theOttomanEmpirehasconsistentlybeenregardedasaplaceapart,inextricablydividedfromtheWestbydifferencesofcultureandreligionAperceptionofitsmilitarism,itsbarbarism,itstyranny,thesexualappetitesofitsrulers,anditspervasiveexoticismhasledhistorianstomeasuretheOttomanworldagainstawesternstandardandfinditlackingInrecentdecades,adynamicandconvincingscholarshiphasemergedthatseekstocomprehendand,intheprocess,todeexoticizethisenduringrealmDanielGoffmanprovidesathoroughintroductiontothehistoryandinstitutionsoftheOttomanEmpirefromthisnewstandpoint,andpresentsaclaimforitsinclusioninEuropeHislucidandengagingbook–animportantadditiontoNewApproachestoEuropeanHistory–willbeessentialreadingforundergraduatesDGisProfessorofHistoryatBallStateUniversityHispublicationsincludeIzmirandtheLevantineworld,–(Seattle,WA,),BritonsintheOttomanEmpire,–(Seattle,WA,)andTheOttomanCitybetweenEastandWest:Aleppo,Izmir,andIstanbul,withEdhemEldemandBruceMasters(Cambridge,)HeiscurrentlyeditoroftheMiddleEastStudiesAssociationBulletinNewApproachestoEuropeanHistorySerieseditorsWBEmoryUniversityTCWBSidneySussexCollege,CambridgeNewApproachestoEuropeanHistoryisanimportanttextbookseries,whichprovidesconcisebutauthoritativesurveysofmajorthemesandproblemsinEuropeanhistorysincetheRenaissanceWrittenatalevelandlengthaccessibletoadvancedschoolstudentsandundergraduates,eachbookintheseriesaddressestopicsorthemesthatstudentsofEuropeanhistoryencounterdaily:theseriesembracesbothsomeofthemore“traditional”subjectsofstudy,andthoseculturalandsocialissuestowhichincreasingnumbersofschoolandcollegecoursesaredevotedAparticulareffortismadetoconsiderthewiderinternationalimplicationsofthesubjectunderscrutinyToaidthestudentreaderscholarlyapparatusandannotationislight,buteachworkhasfullsupplementarybibliographiesandnotesforfurtherreading:whereappropriatechronologies,maps,diagramsandotherillustrativematerialarealsoprovidedForalistoftitlespublishedintheseries,pleaseseeendofbookTheOttomanEmpireandEarlyModernEuropeDanielGoffmanBallStateUniversityThePittBuilding,TrumpingtonStreet,Cambridge,UnitedKingdomTheEdinburghBuilding,CambridgeCBRU,UKWestthStreet,NewYork,NY,USAWilliamstownRoad,PortMelbourne,VIC,AustraliaRuizdeAlarcón,Madrid,SpainDockHouse,TheWaterfront,CapeTown,SouthAfricahttp:wwwcambridgeorgFirstpublishedinprintedformatISBNhardbackISBNpaperbackISBNXeBookCambridgeUniversityPress(netLibrary)©InMemoriamDonaldFLach(–)ContentsListofillustrationspageixListofmapsxiiPrefacexiiiAcknowledgmentsxviNoteonusagexixChronologicaltableofeventsxxTheOttomanHousethroughxxiiiIntroductionOttomancentrismandtheWestPartStateandsocietyintheOttomanworldKubad’sformativeyearsFabricatingtheOttomanstateKubadinIstanbulAseasonedpolityKubadattheSublimePorteFactionalismandinsurrectionPartTheOttomanEmpireintheMediterraneanandEuropeanworldsKubadinVeniceTheOttoman–VenetianassociationKubadbetweenworldsCommerceanddiasporasKubadransomedviiviiiListofContentsAchangingstationinEuropeConclusionTheGreaterWesternWorldGlossarySuggestionsforfurtherreadingIndexIllustrations“Frontispiece,”JeanJacquesBoissard,Vitaeeticonessultanorumturcico,Frankfurt,–(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)page“Muchemet,”Boissard,Vitaeeticonessultanorumturcico,p(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“Divantchavousch,”IgnatiusMouradgead’Ohsson,Tableauge´ne´raldel’Empireothoman,divise´endeuxparties,dontl’unecomprendlale´gislationmahome´tanel’autre,l’histoiredel’Empireothoman,,volIII,ndplateafterp(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“Osman,”PhilippLonicer,ChronicorumTurcicorum,inquibusTurcorumorigo,principes,imperatores,bellaetcaeterahucpertinentiaexponunturaccessere,narratiodeBaiazethisfiliorumseditionibus,TurcicarumitemrerumepitomeetIohannisAventiniliber,inquoca,,volI(inonebinding),p(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“Osman,”Boissard,VitaeetIconesSultanorumTurcico,p(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“TorlachireligiosoTurco,”NicolasdeNicolay,LenavigationietviagginellaTurchia,,p(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“MapofDardanellesStraitsandGallipoli,”HansJacobBreuningvonBuchenbach,OrientalischeReyssdessEdlensoerselbanderinderTu¨rkey,Strasbourg,,p(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)ixxListofillustrations“MuradI,”Lonicer,ChronicorumTurcicorum,volI(inonebinding),p(Author’scollection)“Appartement,”d’Ohsson,Tableauge´ne´raldel’Empireothoman,volIII,beforep(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“GiannizzeroSoldato,”CesareVecellio,Habitiantichietmodernidituttoilmondo=Vestitusantiquorumrecentiorumquetotiusorbis,Venice,,fr(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“CadilEschier,”Vecellio,Habitiantichi,fr(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“EinSpachi,”JohannHelffrich,KurtzerundwarhafftigerBericht,Leipzig,(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“MilitaryCommanderofAnatolia,”EberhardWernerHappel,Thesaurusexoticorumodereinemitaussla¨ndischenrarita¨nundgeschichtenwohlverseheneschatzkammer,,sec,p(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“Sipahisandjanissaries,”Breuning,OrientalischeReyssdessEdlen,p(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“Armenians,”Helffrich,KurtzerundwarhafftigerBericht(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“Gentill’femmePerotteFrangue,”Nicolay,LenavigationietviagginellaTurchia(Author’scollection)“Neubeth,”d’Ohsson,Tableauge´ne´raldel’Empireothoman,volII,afterp(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“SiegeofBelgrade,”Lonicer,ChronicorumTurcicorum,volII(inonebinding),p(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“TroupesTurquesdea`”(Author’scollection)“Suleyman,”Lonicer,ChronicorumTurcicorum,volI(inonebinding),p(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)Listofillustrationsxi“EinJanitscher,”Helffrich,KurtzerundwarhafftigerBericht(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“MuradIV,”Happel,Thesaurusexoticorum,sec,followingp(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“Ported’entre´eduse´rail,”d’Ohsson,Tableauge´ne´raldel’Empireothoman,volIII,beforep(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“Frontispiece,”MichelBaudier,Inventairedel’histoirege´ne´raleduserrail,rdednParis,(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“Cimetie`resd’Eyub,”d’Ohsson,Tableauge´ne´raldel’Empireothoman,volI,afterp(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“Femmed’estatgrecquedelavilledePera,”Nicolay,LenavigationietviagginellaTurchia(Author’scollection)“Ce´le´brationdelafeˆteduMewloud,”d’Ohsson,Tableauge´ne´raldel’Empireothoman,volI,afterp(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“TurcodiGradoinCasa,”Vecellio,Habitiantichi,fv(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“MapofAlexandria,”Helffrich,KurtzerundwarhafftigerBericht(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)“Dinerd’unministreEurope´en,”d’Ohsson,Tableauge´ne´raldel’Empireothoman,volIII,afterp(CourtesyoftheLibraryofCongress)MapsTheOttomanEmpireaspartofEuropepageTurkomanprincipalities,cIstanbulTheOttomanEmpireunderSu¨leymantheMagnificentwithmodernstatesOttomanEuropeSixteenthcenturyempiresTheEasternMediterraneanandtheOttomansxiiPrefaceThewritingofOttomanhistoryhaschangeddramatically,forthebetterIbelieve,inthepastfewdecadesInpart,awideningaccesstoOttomansourcematerialsinIstanbul,Ankara,Jerusalem,Cairo,andelsewherehassupplementedandinsomecasessupplantedtheOttomanchroniclesandwesternEuropeancorrespondencesandobservationsthatpreviouslyhadconstitutedthedocumentarybackboneofourknowledgeoftheempireIncreasingrelianceupontheviewsoftheOttomansaboutthemselvesinplaceofoftenhostileoutsideobservershasallowedustobetterimagineanOttomanworldfromtheinsideInaddition,agrowingappreciationfornonEuropeansocietiesandcivilizationsandthegenerationofnewhistoricalandliteraryanalyticaltechniqueshavehelpedustakeadvantageofthisplethoraofdocumentation,whileenliveningandmakingmoresophisticatedthehistoriographyoftheearlymodernOttomanworldOnegoalofTheOttomanEmpireandearlymodernEuropeistohelpmovesomeoftheseinnovativeandstimulatingapproachestowardOttomanhistoryoutofmonographicandarticleformandmakethemaccessibletoageneralandstudentaudienceTheresultmayseemahybridbetweenthenewandtheold,fordevelopmentswithinthefieldhavebeenuneven,manygapsremaininourknowledge,andsomeofourinterpretationsstillarespeculativeorrestonpublicationsandapproachesthatareterriblyoutdatedForexample,whereasrecentstudiesprovidethoughtprovokinginsightintoeliteOttomanhouseholds,ourknowledgeofgenderrelationsoutsideoftheprivilegedorderremainsthinSimilarly,weknowmuchmoreabouturbansocietiesandeconomiesintheOttomanworldthanwedoabouttheirruralcounterpartsThisvolumecannothelpbutreflectsuchstrengthsandweaknesseswithinthefieldofOttomanstudiesIndeed,IhopethatasenseoftheseirregularitieswillhelpstimulatereaderstoexploreourmanyemptyhistoricalspacesPerhapsunavoidably,thisworkalsoechoesitsauthor’sownattractiontocertainaspectsofOttomanhistory,suchastherichandmultilayeredworldoftheearlymoderneasternMediterraneanorthesimilaritiesanddifferencesbetweenwesternEuropeanandOttomantreatmentxiiixivPrefaceofreligiousminoritiesConsequently,inthefollowingpagesthereaderwillfindmoreontheVenetiansthanontheAustriansorHungarians,andmoreonsocialorganizationthanondiplomacyThreadedthroughthesetopicsandemphases,however,isacorebeliefthattheearlymodernOttomanEmpireconstitutedanintegralcomponentofEurope,andthatneithertheOttomanpolitynorEuropemakesalotofsensewithouttheotherTheOttomanEmpireandearlymodernEuropeadoptsatwoprongedapproachtowardinvestigatingthedealingsbetweentheOttomanEmpireandtherestofEuropeThebodyofthetextisbroadlychronological,examiningOttomanpolitical,religious,societal,diplomatic,andeconomicconcerns,particularlyinthatempire’sdealingswiththebalanceoftheEuropeanlandmassSinceaprincipalintentistolookatEuropefromtheOttomanperspective–anapproachwhichdemandssomeknowledgeoftheOttomanworld–PartOneofthetextgivesconsiderableweighttoOttomanorganizationsandpeoplesPartTwoofthenarrativethenfocusesonhowsuchinstitutionsandthepersonalitiestheyproducedcoexistedwithandinfluencedtheMediterraneanandEuropeanworldsWithinthisstructurethebookoffersexaminationsofparticulartopics–suchastheconstructionofanOttomanimaginedpast,theOttoman–Venetianconflicts,andthedevelopmentandcompositionofcommerce,diplomacy,thesultanate,thejanissarycorps,andotherOttomanpursuitsandinstitutionsBythismeansthetextundertakestointegratemuchofthefreshandenterprisinghistoriographyofrecentyearsintoabroadexaminationofOttomaneventsandissuesPrefacingeachchapterofthismasternarrativeisoneinaseriesof“vignettes”thatventuretoaddressatroublingquandaryinOttomanhistoriographyAlthoughpremodernOttomanstudiesisblessedwithaprofusionofchroniclesandadministrativesources,itseemstomethatapaucityofdiaries,memoirs,letters,andsimilarwritingshasservedtodampenscholarshipinthispotentiallytantalizingdisciplineInotherwords,despitethecelebratedpoetryofdevotionthatsodisplaysthecharactersofSu¨leymanandhiswifeHu¨rrem,EvliyaC¸elebi’srevealingcommentsabouthispatronMelekAhmedPashaandhiswives,andafewotherscatteredrevelatorytidbits,thereisanacuteshortageofpersonality–whichafterallconstitutesthesinewofhistoricalnarrative–inoursourcesontheearlymodernOttomanworldSee,onSu¨leymanandHu¨rrem,LesliePPeirce,Theimperialharem:WomenandsovereigntyintheOttomanempire(Oxford,)and,onMelekAhmedPasha,EvliyaC¸elebi,TheintimatelifeofanOttomanstatesman:MelekAhmedPasha(–),introandtransRobertDankoff,historicalcommentaryRhoadsMurphey(Albany,)PrefacexvThesevignettesaimtofollowtheleadofhistoriansandwritersinotherfieldstofleshoutandpersonalizethehistoricalrecordMyintentisnottoconcoctfables,buttoconjectureonthebasisofavailableinformationhowaparticularindividualinacertainsituationmighthavebehaved,inordertorecreateasrealisticallyaspossiblethemovements,associations,anddispositionsofapersonwhowasphysicallyandculturallyembeddedinOttomancivilizationRelativelyextensivenoteshelpmarkthelinewheredocumentedknowledgeendsandsuppositionbeginsItishopedthatthereaderwillgainfromthismethodaricherandmoreempatheticunderstandingofanOttomanworldthatmanyWesterners,inaccuratelyIbelieve,consideralien,profane,unknowable,andinconsequentialInturn,onepurposeofthemasternarrativeistodescribeandexplaintheworldinwhichKubadC¸avus¸,thesubjectofthepseudobiographicalvignettes,livedIhaveinmindsuchworksasMaximeHongKingston,Thewomanwarrior(NewYork,)JonathanDSpence,ThedeathofwomanWang(NewYork,)RobertDarnton,TheGreatCatMassacreandotherepisodesinFrenchculturalhistory(NewYork,)SimonSchama,Deadcertainties(unwarrantedspeculations)(NewYork,)andAmitavGhosh,Inanantiqueland:historyintheguiseofatraveler’stale(NewYork,)TheideaforthevignettesofferedherealsoowesmuchtoSelimDeringil,Thewellprotecteddomains:ideologyandthelegitimationofpowerintheOttomanEmpire,–(London,)andEdhemEldem,“Istanbul:fromimperialtoperipheralcapital,”inTheOttomancitybetweenEastandWest:Aleppo,Izmir,andIstanbuledEdhemEldem,DanielGoffman,andBruceMasters(Cambridge,),pp–AcknowledgmentsSeveralyearsago,RichardFisherofCambridgeUniversityPresscametomewiththesuggestionthatthePresswouldliketoincludeabookontheOttomanEmpireintheirseriesNewApproachestoEuropeanHistoryThisvolumeisoneresultofthatproposal,andIthankhimandCambridgeUniversityPressforwishingtoincludetheOttomanworldinthisseriesIalsoamgratefultomyeditors,VickyCuthill,ElizabethHoward,andSophieRead,fortheirdiligenceandpatiencewithaprojectthattookseveraldetoursandarrivedattheirofficesratherlate,andtomycopyeditor,LeighMuellerAswitheverysuchundertaking,thisbookowesagreatdealtomanypeopleItsfirstdraftwassketchedoutduringarichandexcitingyearatBog˘azic¸iUniversityin–Ithankthemembersofthedepartmentofhistoryatthatinstitution–particularlySelimDeringil,EdhemEldem,Selc¸ukEsenbel,andAptullahKuran–forhostingmeandservingastirelesssoundingboardsIalsothankmyowninstitution,BallStateUniversity,forprovidingmewithtimetowritethisvolume,andmyDepartmentofHistoryforitssupportandenthusiasmOurfacultyseminarhasbecomeamodelofitskind,asharpandconstructiveintellectualscalpel,andtwicemycolleagues–LarryBirken,JimConnolly,MichaelDoyle,ReneMarion,ChrisThompson,andseveralothers–haveread,critiqued,andhelpedshapechaptersfromthisworkIhavealsotwicepresentedversionsoftheKubadC¸avus¸vignettespublicly,onceinataconferenceinIstanbulorganizedbySuraiyaFaroqhiandasecondtimeatNewYorkUniversityatthekindinvitationofArielSalzmannEachoccasionwasstimulatingandencouraging,andIthankboththeorganizersandparticipantsfortheopportunitiestopresentandforthelivelydiscussionsthatfollowedTheresearchandwritingofthisbookrelieduponanumberofuniversities,archives,libraries,andendowmentsAtBallStateUniversity,RonaldJohnstone(theDeanofSciencesandHumanities),WarrenVanderHill(theProvost),RayWhiteandJohnBarber(thechairsoftheDepartmentxviAcknowledgmentsxviiofHistory),andthestaffoftheOfficeofResearchhavegenerouslysupportedmewithtimeoffforresearchandwritingaswellaswithvariousmatchingmoniesTheprincipalarchivesIhavemadeuseofinthisprojectaretheBas¸bakanlıkOsmanlıArs¸iviinIstanbulandthePublicRecordOfficeinLondonThestaffsofbothofthesefacilitiesareknowledgeableandexceptionallygraciousTheyhavemyprofoundthanks,asdothestaffsoftheBodleianLibraryinOxford,theBritishLibraryinLondon,theLibraryofCongressinWashington,andtheBrackenLibraryinMuncieTheresearchandanearlydraftofthisbookwereundertakenduringayearinIstanbulTheNationalEndowmentfortheHumanitiesmadethattrippossiblethroughitsFellowshipforCollegeTeachersandIndependentScholars,andIamdeeplygratefultothisendowment,whichthroughtheyearshasgivensoverymuchtothehumanitiesTheBallStateDepartmentofGeographyisblessedwithawonderfulcartographer,ConnieMcOmber,whopreparedthemaps(asshehasdoneformetwicebefore)withuncommonpatience,diligence,andexpertiseLoriASammonspatientlyhelpedmeproofreadthefinalversionofthisbookThefinaldraftsofthisbookbenefitedenormouslyfromthescrutinyofseveralreadersFirstofall,KevinBrooks,MikeBrown,BrettCalland,BrentChapman,EricConderman,ChrisFarr,KirkOverstreet,andJulieReitz,allstudentsinmygraduatecourseontheearlymoderneasternMediterraneanworld,read,critiqued,andvastlyimproveditInaddition,CambridgeUniversityPressitselfprovidedthreeanonymousrefereesAlthoughIcannotthankthembynamefortheirsometimestoughbutalwaysthoughtfulcomments,IamgratefulnonethelessIalsoaskedthreeothercolleaguestoreadthemanuscript,whichtheydidwithcareandenergyMydeepestthanks,then,gotoGinnyAksan,DrewCayton,andCarolynGoffmanWithouttheircriticalinput,thisvolumewouldhavebeenmuchlessthanitiswithout

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剑桥大学出版社:奥斯曼帝国和近代欧洲(英文)

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