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首页 William Wordsworth

William Wordsworth.ppt

William Wordsworth

苏珊娜的二姐
2017-06-10 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《William Wordsworthppt》,可适用于外语资料领域

WilliamWordsworthGroupMembers:曹莹:赵慧:WilliamWordsworthmdashmdashTherepresentativepoetoftheearlyromanticismFamilyBackgroundWilliamWordsworthwasbornininalawyerrsquosfamilyatCockermouth,CumberlandHismotherdiedwhenhewasonlyeight,andhisfatherfollowedhersixyearslaterEducationalBackgroundWiththehelpofhisrelatives,WordsworthwassenttoschoolatHawksheadinthebeautifullakedistrictinNorthwesternEnglandHestudiedatCambridgefromtoThereheassociatedwiththoseyoungRepublicanswhosepoliticalenthusiasmhadbeenrousedbytheFrenchRevolutionAcquaintedwithBeaupuymdashmdashkindledWordsworthrsquosheartwithaspiritofrevoltagainstallsocialiniquitiesandasympathyforthepoor,humblefolkJoinedtheGerondistsForcedtoreturntoEnglandTwoImportantPersoninHisLifeHissisterDorothyWordsworthregardedhissisterashisconfidanteandinspirer,madehimturnhiseyestoldquothefaceofnaturerdquoandtakeaninterestinthepeasantslivingintheirneighbourhoodShealsoinducedhimtotransformhisobservationofthelandscapeintotherevelationofthebeautyofnatureinpoetryPoemaboutHisSisterShegavemeeyes,shegavemeearsAndhumblecares,anddelicatefearsAheart,thefoundationofsweettearsAndlove,andthought,andjoyAnotherImportantPersonColeridgeIntheirpartnership,Coleridgewastotakeuptheldquosupernatural,oratleastromanticrdquosubjects,whileWordsworthwasldquotogivethecharmofnoveltytothingsofeverydayrdquoIn,theyjointlypublishedtheLyricalBallads,markedthebreakwiththeconventionalpoeticaltraditionofthethcenturyColeridgersquoscontributionmdashmdashTheRimeoftheAncientMariner,themajorityofpoemswerewrittenbyWordsworthHisPoeticalPrinciplesldquoAllgoodpoetryisthespontaneousoverflowofpowerfulfeelingrdquoHeappealeddirectlytoindividualsensations,ie,pleasure,excitementandenjoyment,asthefoundationinthecreationandappreciationofpoetryPoetryldquotakesitsoriginfromemotionrecollectedintranquillityrdquoOrdinarypeasants,children,evenoutcasts,allmaybeusedbeassubjectsinpoeticalcreationPoliticalAttitudeWiththeestablishmentoftheJacobindictatorship,WordsworthrsquosattitudetowardstherevolutionchangedandhegaveuphisformerpoliticalenthusiasmHebecameaToryandupheldthereactionarypolicyoftheBritishgovernmentHeacceptedtheofficeofadistributorofstampsandwasmadepoetlaureateWilliamWordsworthWordsworth,ColeridgeandSoutheyhaveoftenbeenmentionedastheldquoLakePoetsrdquoHewasagreatpoetofnature,andhewasthefirsttofindwordsforthemostelementarysensationsofmanfacetofacewithnaturalphenomenaHewasathisbestindescriptionsofmountainsandrivers,flowersandbirds,childrenandpeasants,andreminiscencesofhisownchildhoodandyouthWilliamWordsworthHewasalsoamasterhandinsearchingandrevealingthefeelingsofthecommonpeopleThethemesofmanyofhispoemsweredrawnfromrurallifeandhischaractersbelongtothelowerclassesintheEnglishcountrysideHispoetryisdistinguishedbythesimplicityandpurityofhislanguageMajorWorksThePrelude《序曲》)LyricalBallads《抒情歌谣集》)IntimationsofImmortality《永生颂》MyHeartLeapsUp《我心雀跃》IWanderedLonelyasaCloud《我如行云独自游》LucyPoems《露茜》)TheExcursion《远足》)TheSolitaryReaper《孤独的收割女》)Iwanderedlonelyasacloud我孤独地漫游像一朵云Thatfloatsonhighovervalesandhills在山丘和谷地上飘荡WhenallatonceIsawacrowd忽然间我看见一群Ahostofgoldendaffodils金色的水仙花迎春开放Besidethelakebeneaththetrees在树荫下在湖水边Flutteringanddancinginthebreeze迎着微风起舞翩翩。IWanderedLonelyasaCloudIWanderedLonelyasaCloudContinuousasthestarsthatshine连绵不绝如繁星灿烂AndtwinkleontheMilkyWay,在银河里闪闪发光Theystretchedinneverendingline他们沿着湖湾的边缘Alongthemarginofabay:延伸成无穷无尽的一行TenthousandsawIataglance,我一眼看见了一万朵Tossingtheirheadsinsprightlydance在欢舞之中起伏颠簸。IWanderedLonelyasaCloudThewavesbesidethemdanced,butthey粼粼波光也在跳着舞Outdidthesparklingwavesinglee:水仙的欢欣却胜过水波Apoetcouldnotbutbegay,与这样快活的伴侣为伍Insuchajocundcompany:诗人怎能不满心欢乐!Igazedandgazedbutlittlethought我久久凝望却想象不到Whatwealththeshowtomehadbrought:这奇景赋予我多少财宝mdashmdashIWanderedLonelyasaCloudForoft,whenonmycouchIlie每当我躺在床上不眠Invacantorinpensivemood,或心神空茫或默默沉思Theyflashuponthatinwardeye它们常在心灵中闪现Whichistheblissofsolitude那是孤独之中的福祉Andthenmyheartwithpleasurefills,于是我的心便涨满幸福Anddanceswiththedaffodils和水仙一同翩翩起舞。CommentsonWordsworthWordsworthrsquosgoodpoetrywerewrittrnduringthefirstdecadebetweenandWhenhelivedinseclusion,hispoemsbecamedeclinedandmoreandmoreconservativeinthought

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