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首页 博士生入学考试英语辅导(听力部分).ppt

博士生入学考试英语辅导(听力部分).ppt

博士生入学考试英语辅导(听力部分).ppt

上传者: 雨林沐风1234 2017-08-12 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《博士生入学考试英语辅导(听力部分)ppt》,可适用于领域,主题内容包含年博士生入学考试英语辅导(听力部分)黄年根解放军理工大学工程兵工程学院ListeningComprehensionSectionA:Conversa符等。

年博士生入学考试英语辅导(听力部分)黄年根解放军理工大学工程兵工程学院ListeningComprehensionSectionA:ConversationsUsuallythereisadirectiontellingwhatistobetestedanddisplayinganexampleforyouIfyouarefamiliarwithallthis,itisnotnecessarytoreadallthedirectionsortolistencarefullyInsteadyoumakeuseofthisshortspanoftimetohaveaglanceoverthefollowingninechoicessoastohavearoughideaofwhatistobereallytestedListeningComprehensionTypesofQuestionsfigures:dates,days,time,prices,ages,yearsseasons,streets,telephone,etcHowmany(persons)dozensof)hellipHowmanyminutesfastslowlatehellipHowmuchdoeshellipspendsaveearnborrowlendpayHowoldoftenfarishellipHowlongdoesittakehelliptohellipstayinhellipWhenAtwhattimehellipbeginfinishhellipWhenOnwhichdayhelliparrivewanttoleaveListeningComprehensionNote:teen和ty的区别和千以上数的辨记。街道、房间、汽车、电话等号码的习惯表达方法如读成threetwenty或threetwozero价格的习惯表达。如$.读成nineteenninetyfive。时间表达上英美的差异如:可读成aquartertotwo或onefortyfive:p.m可读成twop.m或fourteenhundredhours(:)年代、世纪口头与书面表达的差异如世纪写成timestimesintheeighteenforties应理解为世纪年代。ListeningComprehensionNote:单位的换算。如星期、日期、时、分的换算进率分别为、、、等。再如aquarter指时间是分钟指月份是一季度(三个月)指百分比为。倍数意义的表达。如times,twice,couple,apairof,halfof,double,onethird,percentage等等。注意诸如late(later),early(earlier),delay,start,aheadof,fast,slow,increase,add等与时间数字有关的词以帮助理解和计算。ListeningComprehensionTypesofQuestionsPlaces:抓住与特定场所有关的词、词组和句型推断暗示的地点Wheredoesthisconversation(mostprobably)takeplaceWhereisthisconversation(mostprobably)takingplaceWheredoesthemanwomanplanwanttogoWheredoesthemanwomanprefertolivestayWhereisthemanwomanworkinglivingnowWhatplacedidthemanwomanvisitfirstlastWherearethespeakersnowWhereishellipfromWherehavetheybeentoListeningComprehension听力考试中常见的与地点有关的词汇和表达Hospital:medicine,operation,doctor,patient,nurse,ward,fever,cough,headache,temperature,bloodpressure,dizzy,rundownWhatseemstobethetroubleBank:account,cheque,interestrate,cash,teller#swindow,deposit,dollar,pound,openonaccount,withdrawsomemoneyPostoffice:stamp,envelope,parcel,postage,registeredmail,airmail,ordinarymail,telegram,moneyorderHotel:receptiondesk,frontdesk,vacantroom,singledoubleroom,twinbed,reserve,checkin,checkout,porter,tip,full,roomserviceListeningComprehension听力考试中常见的与地点有关的词汇和表达Restaurant:order,menu,bill,waiter,drink,salad,soup,dessert,roastbeef,steak,goDutchIt#smytreatAreyoureadytoordernowI#mfullSchool:professor,exam,campus,degree,semester,term,assignment,grade,score,paper,labtest,course,creditStore:size,color,style,price,fashion,cheap,expensive,counter,payWhatcanIdoforyouIsthereanythingIcandoforyouI#dliketoseehellipAirport:departure,flight,takeoff,securityclearance,greenredchannel,boardingpass,checkin,gateCustoms:dutyfree,fillintheformDoyouhaveanythingtodeclareLibrary:catalogue,list,renew,borrow,dueListeningComprehension地点部分的答题其它要领:根据选择项中地点名词前的介词推断提问。听清问题。熟悉世界上主要国家和英、美、加拿大主要城市的名称。ListeningComprehension人物类的常见提问形式:WhatisthemanwomanWhoisthemanwomanWhatwhoarethespeakersWhatistheman#swoman#sprofessionoccupationjobWhatis(probably)therelationshipbetweenthemanandthewomanthetwospeakersWhohashellipcalledtocameover(tofixhellip)WhowillhellipgotoforhelpListeningComprehension人物类问题答题要领利用每题之间的短暂停顿浏览试题选择项确定问题与职业有关、与身份有关还是与说话者的角色有关。如选择项是单数名词即问职业、角色如选择项为复数名词或两种身份则问的是人物关系。体会讲话人的口气、语调、称呼从而判断对话者之间的关系。熟悉与某一职业相关的常用词汇与表达(参见地点部分)如:老师与学生、营业员与顾客、医生与患者之间的用词肯定不同。ListeningComprehension推断类题常见提问形式:WhatdoesthemanwomanmeanimplyWhatcanwelearninferconcludefromtheconversationWhatcanbeinferredfromtheman#swoman#sreplyresponseWhatistheman#swoman#sattitudetowardshellipWhatdoesthewomanmanthinkoftheideaplayHowdoesthemanfeelabouttheplanproposalWhatconclusioncanwedrawfromthewoman#sstatementListeningComprehension推断类问题的答题要领:留意对话人的语音、语调捕捉其ldquo弦外之音rdquo。一般说来降调表示肯定、赞同升调表示疑问、否定尤其是一般疑问句用降调、陈述句用升调时。注意讲话人经常采用虚拟语气的形式表达反意如:shouldhavedonesth应该做而未做hellipshouldn#thavedonesth不应该做而做了hellipneednlsquothavedonesth不必做而实际做了hellipmighthavedonesth本可以做而实际未做善于联想揭示事物之间的相关性注意but后面的信息。ListeningComprehensionSectionBPassages短文部分提问形式主要分为主题类和细节类两大类。主题类即对短文的中心思想、主旨大意进行提问:WhatisthemaintopicideaofthepassageWhat(doyouthink)isthebesttitleofthepassageWhatisthemostsuitabletitleofthepassageWhatdoesthepassageadviseustodoWhatdoesthestoryimplyWhatcanwelearninferfromthepassageWhatdoesthepassagemainlytalkaboutListeningComprehension细节类问题对短文中涉及的情节、人物、事情的因与果进行提问。WhatistheprimarycauseofhellipWhatisthereasonforhellipWhyisitnecessaryimportantforsbtodohellipWhatisthepurposeofhellipAccordingtothepassage,whichofthefollowingisTRUENOTTRUE(mentionednotmentioned)Accordingtothepassage,whichofthefollowingis(not)thereasonforhellipHowdoessb(thewriterspeaker)feelabouthellipWhatdoesthespeakerwriterseemmostconcernedaboutListeningComprehension短文的答题要领听前扫视选择项预测短文内容和可能提出的问题。注意开头结尾抓住主题思想和大意。在听懂原文的基础上还要听懂所提的问题避免答非所问。沉着应对遇有生词不要慌乱着急利用thatis,inotherwords,namely等解释性词句和文中的例子追加理解错过的或不懂的内容。ListeningComprehension、对话单项、短文、综合要求:课后大量练习熟悉各种听力材料和声音。平时练习的难度应适当超过考试水平。下一讲:写作Goodbye

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